CN201177318Y - Solar energy centralized heat collected separate water tank heat-exchanging and supply system - Google Patents

Solar energy centralized heat collected separate water tank heat-exchanging and supply system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201177318Y
CN201177318Y CN 200820056612 CN200820056612U CN201177318Y CN 201177318 Y CN201177318 Y CN 201177318Y CN 200820056612 CN200820056612 CN 200820056612 CN 200820056612 U CN200820056612 U CN 200820056612U CN 201177318 Y CN201177318 Y CN 201177318Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
solar energy
water tank
attemperater
solar
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200820056612
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Chinese (zh)
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钱志海
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钱志海
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Priority to CN 200820056612 priority Critical patent/CN201177318Y/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model discloses an exchange heating system for a solar centralized heat collecting separate tank, comprising a solar heat collecting device, wherein the solar heat collecting device is communicated with a separate heat exchange device through a pipe, and comprises a plurality of solar collectors, a solar heat collection and storage heat-insulating water tank, an antifreeze normally closed solenoid valve and a solar circulating pump which are in series connection with each other in turn through pipes; branch pipes are arranged on the pipes of the solar heat collecting device; and normally closed heat temperature control solenoid valves are arranged on the branch pipes. The exchange heating system for the solar centralized heat collecting separate tank has the advantages of no necessity of being involved with (water, electricity and coal) metering problems, simple and reasonable structure, self-heating in overcast and rainy weather according to needs of users, and stable heat exchange.

Description

A kind of solar energy is concentrated heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar energy heat distribution system, relates in particular to the heating system that a kind of solar energy is concentrated thermal-arrest-household water tank.
Background technology
Along with China's rapid economy development, energy resources supply day is becoming tight.The solar-heating mode more and more is subjected to people's favor.And the complex structure of present solar energy heat distribution system, because only by a solar thermal collector and a heat exchange of solar energy heating attemperater, the hot water instability is met overcast and rainy or temperature is not high is heated by supplementary energy, keeping whole big system hot water circuit, utilization rate is low like this.And usually common central heating system also needs to relate to the measurement problem of water, electricity, coal, operates and use all more complicated.
The utility model content
At the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provide a kind of can, simple and reasonable, heat exchange is stable, efficient is high, and the solar energy that needn't relate to measurement problem is concentrated heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of solar energy to concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system, comprises solar energy heat collector, and described solar energy heat collector is connected by heat transfer pipe with branch family heat-exchange device.
Wherein, described solar energy heat collector comprises that some solar thermal collectors, solar energy heating attemperater, anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve and solar energy circulating pump are connected in series successively by pipeline.On the pipeline of described solar energy heat collector, be provided with bypass line, on described bypass line, be provided with antifreeze emptying solenoid valve.
The family heat-exchange device comprised many group attemperater groups in described minute, and every group of attemperater group is made of the attemperater that several are connected in parallel, and the attemperater group is connected on the heat transfer pipe that is connected with the delivery port of described solar energy heating attemperater.
Be connected with described heat transfer pipe by pipeline serial connection back with heat temperature control electromagnetic, flow balance valve at described attemperater.Described attemperater is an electric heating water tank.Preferably, adopt electric capacity layer-stepping electric heating water tank.
The utility model adopt to concentrate thermal-arrest, each household by the not isometric attemperater of house type size setting (in establish electric heater unit), the hot water that solar thermal collector is produced is got back to solar heat storage water tank after for the attemperater heat exchange, by the user voluntarily (manually or automatically) enable the electric heater unit of attemperater.The beneficial effects of the utility model are: simple in structure, adopt that twice heat exchange (solar energy), branchs family heating (electrical heating), heat exchange are stablized, efficient is high, and needn't relate to the measurement problem of water, electricity, coal.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 concentrates the structural representation of the embodiment one of heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system for the utility model solar energy;
Fig. 2 concentrates the structural representation of the embodiment two of heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system for the utility model solar energy.
Wherein: 1, solar thermal collector; 2, point for measuring temperature; 3, air bleeding valve; 4, solar energy heat-collecting heat-storage attemperater; 5, ball float; 6, point for measuring temperature; 7, screen pack; 8, expansion pipe; 9, Pressure gauge; 10, frequency conversion heat-exchanger pump; 11, anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve; 12, antifreeze emptying solenoid valve; 13, solar energy circulating pump; 14, descending heat transfer pipe; 15, air bleeding valve; 16, heat temperature control electromagnetic; 17, upper strata electrically heated rod; 18, heat exchanger coil; 19, solar energy and electric heat-storage heat-preserving water tank; 20, gate valve; 21, point for measuring temperature; 22, holding wire; 23, up heat transfer pipe; 24, lower floor's electrical heating hot pin; 25, hot water outlet; 26, cooling water inlet; 27, flow balance valve.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model solar energy is concentrated heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system, comprises solar energy heat collector and branch family heat-exchange device, and solar energy heat collector is connected by heat transfer pipe 14 with branch family heat-exchange device.
Wherein, solar energy heat collector comprises that some solar thermal collectors 1, solar energy heat-collecting heat-storage attemperater 4, anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve 11 and solar energy circulating pump 13 are connected in series successively by pipeline.On the pipeline of solar energy heat collector, be provided with bypass line, on bypass line, be provided with antifreeze emptying solenoid valve 12.Branch family heat-exchange device comprises many group attemperaters, every group of attemperater group is made of the attemperater that several are connected in parallel, attemperater is solar energy and electric heat-storage heat-preserving water tank 19 and to be separately positioned on each user indoor, the attemperater group is connected in parallel on the descending heat transfer pipe 14 that is connected with the delivery port of solar energy heating attemperater 4, descending heat transfer pipe is connected with the import of electric heat-storage heat-preserving cistern device with solar energy in the attemperater 19, solar energy heating attemperater 4 provides heat by descending heat transfer pipe 14 to solar energy and electric heat-storage heat-preserving water tank, solar energy is connected up heat transfer pipe 23 with the interface of electric heat-storage heat-preserving cistern device in the attemperater 19, is connected to after the parallel connection on the pipeline of solar energy heating attemperater 4 and forms the loop.
Be connected the back by pipeline and be connected with heat temperature control electromagnetic 16, flow balance valve 27 at attemperater 19 with descending heat transfer pipe.Attemperater 19 is solar energy and electric heat-storage heat-preserving water tank.Preferably, adopt electric capacity layer-stepping electric heating water tank.On solar energy heating attemperater 4, also be connected with cold water upper hose and blow-off pipe.
The present invention adopts concentrated thermal-arrest, each household by the house type size not isometric attemperater (in establish electric heater unit) to be set, the hot water that the solar energy solar thermal collector is produced supplies to get back to solar heat storage water tank after the attemperater heat exchange, the attemperater leaving water temperature is arranged on≤60 ℃ (can be provided with), as the cloudy day, when leaving water temperature is lower than 60 ℃, connect gas heater after (manual or automatic) enables interior electric heater unit of attemperater or attemperater water outlet voluntarily by the user.If the solar energy heating actuator temperature is T1, solar energy heat-collecting heat-storage attemperater leaving water temperature is T2, solar energy and electric heat-storage heat-preserving water tank temperature T3.
Heat exchange of the present invention circulation is: when T2-T3>5 ℃ (can be provided with) and T3<60 ℃, heat temperature control electromagnetic is in opening before the attemperater, this moment, solar energy circulating pump P2 started, solar energy circulating pump P2 is frequency conversion, carry out heat exchange with the each household attemperater, when T2-T3<3 ℃ or T3 〉=60 ℃, heat temperature control electromagnetic is closed before the attemperater, when T2-T3<3 of all dwelling houses ℃ or T3 〉=60 ℃, solar energy circulating pump P2 quits work.
In solar energy heat collector, adopt the circulation of temperature difference thermal-arrest:
When T1-T2>5 ℃, solar energy circulating pump P1 starts, and water and solar thermal collector constantly carry out heat exchange in the solar energy heating attemperater.
When T1-T2<3 ℃, solar energy circulating pump P1 quits work.
In minute family heat-exchange device, for guaranteeing the equilibrium of each household rate of heat exchange, shorten circulation line simultaneously as far as possible and reduce thermal losses, so flow balance valve 27 controls are set on the hot attemperater pipeline of each household.
When the detected temperature of temperature sensor is lower than 3 ℃ in the winter pipeline (can be provided with); Antifreeze control system starts automatically, closes water tank water outlet place (on the up heat transfer pipe of solar energy) and often opens anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve, opens the antifreeze emptying solenoid valve of solar energy circulation line lowest part simultaneously, and all cold water in the emptying pipe prevent that pipeline from freezing; (can be provided with) when the temperature in detecting pipeline is elevated to 5 ℃ simultaneously, close the antifreeze emptying solenoid valve of solar energy circulation line minimum point, open water tank water outlet place (on the up heat transfer pipe of solar energy) simultaneously and often open anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve, enter normal condition.
Electric heating water tank of the present invention adopts transfiguration layering heating technique, utilizes the water temperature delamination characteristic of upper heat and lower cold, at the hot water consumption after a little while, uses the upper strata heating tube to realize the low energy consumption Fast Heating separately, as the low capacity water heater, and economize on electricity.The hot water consumption for a long time, two heating tubes heat simultaneously, the upper strata heating tube directly heats the warm water that is transmitted by lower floor, heat transfer rate is fast, efficient is high, energy-efficient, can reach regularly constant temperature heating function.The present invention also adopts full pressure-bearing solar water heater.
Advantage of the present invention is: do not relate to water, electricity, coal measurement problem, system's advantages of simple adopts twice heat exchange, hygienic quality, safety.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to the explanation the present invention and and unrestricted technical scheme described in the invention; Therefore, although this specification has been described in detail the present invention with reference to each above-mentioned embodiment,, those of ordinary skill in the art should be appreciated that still and can make amendment or be equal to replacement the present invention; And all do not break away from the technical scheme and the improvement thereof of the spirit and scope of the present invention, and it all should be encompassed in the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of solar energy is concentrated heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system, comprises solar energy heat collector, and it is characterized in that: described solar energy heat collector is connected by heat transfer pipe with branch family heat-exchange device.
2, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solar energy heat collector comprises that some solar thermal collectors, solar energy heating attemperater, anti-freezing closure electromagnetic valve and solar energy circulating pump are connected in series successively by heat transfer pipe.
3, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 2, it is characterized in that: on the pipeline of described solar energy heat collector, be provided with bypass line, on described bypass line, be provided with antifreeze emptying solenoid valve.
4, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to claim 2 or 3 described solar energy, it is characterized in that: the family heat-exchange device comprised many group attemperater groups in described minute, every group of attemperater group is made of the attemperater that several are connected in parallel, and the attemperater group is connected on the heat transfer pipe that is connected with the delivery port of described solar energy heating attemperater.
5, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 4, it is characterized in that: be connected with described heat transfer pipe by pipeline serial connection back with heat temperature control electromagnetic, flow balance valve at described attemperater.
6, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 4, it is characterized in that: described attemperater is an electric heating water tank.
7, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 6, it is characterized in that: described electric heating water tank is an electric capacity layer-stepping electric heating water tank.
8, concentrate heat collection household water tank exchange heat supply system according to the described solar energy of claim 2, it is characterized in that: on described solar energy heating attemperater, also be connected with cold water pipes and blow-off line.
CN 200820056612 2008-03-26 2008-03-26 Solar energy centralized heat collected separate water tank heat-exchanging and supply system Expired - Fee Related CN201177318Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820056612 CN201177318Y (en) 2008-03-26 2008-03-26 Solar energy centralized heat collected separate water tank heat-exchanging and supply system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820056612 CN201177318Y (en) 2008-03-26 2008-03-26 Solar energy centralized heat collected separate water tank heat-exchanging and supply system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201177318Y true CN201177318Y (en) 2009-01-07

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101825310A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-09-08 江苏贝德莱特太阳能科技有限公司 Solar household heat supplying and heating integrated device
CN102121723A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-13 广州迪森家用锅炉制造有限公司 Solar centralized heating control method
CN102032613B (en) * 2009-09-30 2013-05-01 中山市汉科科技有限公司 Dual-purpose water heating device capable of heating and heating water
CN104677133A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-06-03 北京龙源冷却技术有限公司 Exhaust system and indirect air-cooling system
CN112577207A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-03-30 中国建筑科学研究院有限公司 Energy storage device of nearly zero energy consumption building community

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102032613B (en) * 2009-09-30 2013-05-01 中山市汉科科技有限公司 Dual-purpose water heating device capable of heating and heating water
CN101825310A (en) * 2010-04-19 2010-09-08 江苏贝德莱特太阳能科技有限公司 Solar household heat supplying and heating integrated device
CN102121723A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-13 广州迪森家用锅炉制造有限公司 Solar centralized heating control method
CN104677133A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-06-03 北京龙源冷却技术有限公司 Exhaust system and indirect air-cooling system
CN112577207A (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-03-30 中国建筑科学研究院有限公司 Energy storage device of nearly zero energy consumption building community

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20100618

Address after: 201000 No. 612, Lane 22, Nanjing West Road, Shanghai, Jingan District

Patentee after: Chen Yong

Address before: 201901 1169 Taihe Road, Shanghai, Baoshan District

Patentee before: Qian Zhihai

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 201901 NO.1169, TAIHE ROAD, BAOSHAN DISTRICT, SHANGHAI CITY TO: 201000 NO.22, LANE 612, NANJING WEST ROAD, JINGAN DISTRICT, SHANGHAI CITY

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: CHEN YONG

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: QIAN ZHIHAI

Effective date: 20100618

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090107

Termination date: 20100326

C17 Cessation of patent right