CN104595967A - Heating device of solar water heater with discrete-type heat pipes - Google Patents

Heating device of solar water heater with discrete-type heat pipes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104595967A
CN104595967A CN201510079941.3A CN201510079941A CN104595967A CN 104595967 A CN104595967 A CN 104595967A CN 201510079941 A CN201510079941 A CN 201510079941A CN 104595967 A CN104595967 A CN 104595967A
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heat
heating
pipe
collector
water heater
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CN201510079941.3A
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杨斯涵
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Southeast University
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Southeast University
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Priority to CN201510079941.3A priority Critical patent/CN104595967A/en
Publication of CN104595967A publication Critical patent/CN104595967A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The invention discloses a heating device of a solar water heater with discrete-type heat pipes. The heating device comprises a solar heat collector and a hot water storage tank, wherein heat of the solar heat collector is transferred into the hot water storage tank for storage; a cold-hot exchanger is arranged in the hot water storage tank; cold air is subjected to heat exchange through the cold-hot exchanger to form hot air, and the hot air is used for indoor heating. Compared with existing solar water heater and domestic heating equipment, the heating device has the advantages of high heating speed, good heating effect, safety and reliability in mounting and using processes, high intelligent level, low power consumption, no pollution and the like. A separate heat pipe technology is adopted, high heat efficiency of a system is guaranteed, and an anti-freezing problem of the solar heat collector and a system pipeline is solved.

Description

A kind of heating installation of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of solar energy utilization, particularly relate to the heating installation of discrete type heat pipe flat plate solar water heater.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the material and cultural life of people obtains significant raising, and no matter solar water heater, as a kind of domestic heating heating equipment of condition of improving the people's livelihood, is obtained in city or rural area and applies widely.Scientist says understanding new forms of energy and correctly uses the energy, just means that understanding leads to following road.How effectively and reasonable distribution current natural resources and energy resources problem is day by day serious, while, health requirements comfortable in guarantee, utilize resource, reduce conventional energy resource consumption become people have to faced by problem; The product structure of the develop rapidly of recent year market economy, enterprise, industry is in continuous change, Market competition, by the impact of relation between market supply and demand, China's solar water heater industry development is rapid, on market today, its capacity of solar water heater is huge, mainly contains flat plate solar water heater and vacuum tube type solar energy water heater; Ordinary flat type solar water heater does not have antifreeze function, is not suitable for the north; And although vacuum tube type solar energy water heater is applicable to the north, because vacuum tube easily bursts, therefore maintenance rate is high; The solar water heater of existing market in addition, great majority are all to provide daily slurry and bath water, do not have heating system more not have indoor air-changing function.System of the present invention has indoor heating and air interchanger, and the low layer user of building can also be allowed when using hot water, goes out the hot water time slowly, adds the wasting phenomenon of domestic water.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of heating installation of discrete type heat pipe flat plate solar water heater, has and heats soon, heating effect is good, safe and reliable in installation and use procedure, the advantages such as intelligence degree is high, and power consumption is little and pollution-free.
Technical scheme: for achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of heating installation of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater, comprise flat-plate solar collector and heat storage water tank, described flat-plate solar collector is located at outdoor, and described heat storage water tank is located at indoor, heat storage water tank is connected with heat storage water tank outlet pipe, and heat storage water tank inside is provided with spiral-tube condenser; Heat pipe evaporation ends in described flat-plate solar collector, by steam output pipe, thermal medium is transferred to spiral-tube condenser, thermal medium exothermic condensation in spiral-tube condenser becomes the cold water in liquid heating heat storage water tank, be back to flat-plate solar collector by condensate liquid return duct again, realize long-range heat transfer; Described spiral-tube condenser inside is provided with cool-heat-exchanger, and cold air becomes hot-air for indoor heating through cool-heat-exchanger heat exchange.
Further, described flat-plate solar collector comprises flat-plate solar collector framework, separate heat pipe pipe row, heat collector heat-absorbing plate core, heat collector backboard, warming plate and transparent cover plate, described separate heat pipe pipe row and heat collector heat-absorbing plate core are wholely set formation evaporimeter, the described evaporimeter back side arranges heat collector backboard, at the heat collector backboard back side, warming plate is set, described evaporimeter surrounding is provided with flat-plate solar collector framework, and described evaporimeter upper cover establishes transparent cover plate; Two of the separate heat pipe pipe row of described evaporimeter is connected with condensate liquid return duct by steam output pipe respectively.
Further, heat collector temperature sensor is provided with in described separate heat pipe pipe row, the described signal output part of heat collector temperature sensor is connected with the signal output part of intelligent switch, the signal output part of described intelligent switch is connected with the signal output part of flow control valve, and described flow control valve controls the capacity of returns of condensate liquid return duct.
Further, described heat storage water tank comprises inner bag, helix tube condenser, heat storage box shell from the inside to the outside successively, and described helix tube condenser is wound around and is arranged on the outer wall of inner bag, fill insulant material between described inner bag and heat storage box shell.
Further, described helix tube condenser adopts thin type copper tube to make, and described inner bladder outer wall is provided with helix tube type arc groove, and described helix tube condenser is embedded in arc groove.
Further, described cool-heat-exchanger runs through inner bag up and down and is arranged in heat storage water tank, described cool-heat-exchanger inlet end is connected with supply fan pipeline, described supply fan pipeline is connected with supply fan disposed in the interior, described cool-heat-exchanger outlet side is fanned pipeline and is connected with giving vent to anger, described in fan pipeline of giving vent to anger fan with disposed in the interior giving vent to anger and be connected.
Further, described cool-heat-exchanger inlet end is connected with pipeline reversal valve outlet side, described pipeline reversal valve inlet end comprises two, be respectively outdoor air inlet end and room air inlet end, described outdoor air inlet end is connected with ventilation fan pipeline and supply fan pipeline respectively with room air inlet end; The signal output part of timer is connected with the signal input part of pipeline reversal valve, switching chamber outer air inlet end and room air inlet end open and-shut mode.
Further, the steam output pipe of described separate heat pipe pipe row is connected with gas-liquid separator entrance point, described gas-liquid separator comprise two ports of export, be respectively steam (vapor) outlet end and liquefaction water out end, described steam (vapor) outlet end is connected with the entrance point of helix tube condenser, the condensate outlet end of described helix tube condenser confluxes to hydrops cup with liquefaction water out end, then is back to the condensate liquid return duct of separate heat pipe pipe row through flow control valve.Flow control valve is arranged between hydrops cup and evaporimeter, and it can ensure that heat storage water tank water level is not too high, ensures security of system, prevents from scalding, can also ensure that the evaporimeter of flat-plate solar collector does not run under super-pressure.
Further, ceramic heating bar, heating rod temperature sensor are set in described inner bag, the signal output part of described heating rod temperature sensor is connected with the signal input part of heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS), and the described signal output part of heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS) is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar;
Also comprise electronic clock, the signal output part of described electronic clock is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar.
Further, the installation site of described helix tube condenser is higher than the installation site of evaporimeter.
Beneficial effect: the present invention possesses following advantage:
1. the present invention adopts separate heat pipe and solar absorber plate core to improve the thermal-arrest ability of system, utilize the phase transformation of material to improve the energy of heat pipe heat energy, utilize thermal conduction study and fluid mechanics principle that the inner bag of heat storage water tank is made into spill spiral tube seat, the spill spiral tube seat of inner bag and the outer wall of condensator coil match, expand heat transfer contact area, like this can effectively keeping system heat transfer heat exchange stability.
2. adopt separating heat tube technology, flat-plate solar collector and heat storage water tank are separated, adopt thermal medium and condensing reflux to form thermal-arrest circulation line between flat-plate solar collector and heat storage water tank, antifreeze problem is solved.Flat-plate solar collector is the pith of whole thermal-arrest heat transfer system, system is when original state, before separate heat pipe pipe row starts, fill cold-producing medium in evaporimeter inner passage, at this moment the pressure and temperature of evaporimeter inner refrigerant is saturation pressure and the saturation temperature of cold-producing medium under environment temperature; Along with heat collector heat-absorbing plate core absorbs solar radiation energy, heat collector heat-absorbing plate core temperature rises, and inner passage inner refrigerant starts evaporation, and pressure and temperature starts to rise.Described flow control valve controls the capacity of returns of condensate liquid, flow control valve is arranged between hydrops cup and evaporimeter, and it can ensure that heat storage water tank water temperature is not too high, ensures security of system, prevent from scalding, can also ensure that the evaporimeter of flat-plate solar collector does not run under super-pressure.After hot water temperature reaches target temperature in heat storage water tank, cut off the transmission of heat by adjustment flow control valve; Adjustment or the closedown of flow control valve can effectively avoid system to occur excess pressure, if do not stop the feed flow to evaporimeter, in sun-drenched situation, can make whole system hypertonia.By the duty of heat collector temperature sensor control flow check control valve, adopt flow control valve to control condensate liquid capacity of returns, ensure the security of system.
3. the present invention adopts cool-heat-exchanger and air current circulation to improve the heat exchange efficiency of system, makes full use of solar energy resources and realizes indoor heating; The solar water heater of existing market, great majority are all to provide daily slurry and bath water, do not have heating system more not have indoor air-changing function.System of the present invention has indoor heating and ventilatory, connecting together of existing vacuum tube collector and heat-conducting water box, resistance to frost is undesirable, has booster phenomenon at cold district, and ordinary flat solar energy does not have antifreeze function, separating heat tube antifreezing solar energy ability is strong, evaporimeter adopts the phase-change heat transfer of working medium, and liquid working substance is not full of whole pipe, meets when freezing and has certain expansion space, in addition the heat pipe of antifreeze working medium can be adopted to make heat collector, and its freezing tolerance is especially outstanding.Due to have employed separate heat pipe realize thermal medium circulation and spiral-tube condenser heat release reach long-range heat transfer; Therefore the layout of flat-plate solar collector and heat storage water tank can be very flexible, and the place that flat-plate solar collector both can be arranged in windowsill, balcony faces south, even can adopt wall-hanging; Same heat storage water tank also can be arranged in bathroom also can be arranged in kitchen, like this for the use of low layer user solar water heater provides conveniently, the hot water time is gone out fast than the solar water heater being arranged on multilayer roof, reduce the wasting phenomenon of domestic water, so both can ensure that hot water for life was timely, and thoroughly can solve again bursting by freezing and the knot problem of pipeline.
Flat-plate solar collector is the pith of whole thermal-arrest heat transfer system, system is when original state, before separate heat pipe pipe row starts, fill cold-producing medium in evaporimeter inner passage, at this moment the pressure and temperature of vaporization chamber inner refrigerant is saturation pressure and the saturation temperature of cold-producing medium under environment temperature; Along with heat collector heat-absorbing plate core absorbs solar radiation energy, heat collector heat-absorbing plate core temperature rises, and inner passage inner refrigerant starts evaporation, and pressure and temperature starts to rise.The evaporation of working media in separate heat pipe pipe row is formed as full-liquid type evaporation, and full-liquid type evaporation effectively improves the heat exchange efficiency of separate heat pipe pipe row evaporation ends on the one hand, and the efficiency of thermal transfer that separate heat pipe pipe is arranged obtains larger lifting; Evaporation evenly fully, ensure that whole heat collector heat-absorbing plate core surface temperature is even on the other hand.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of solar thermal collector.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of heat storage water tank.
Accompanying drawing 4 is the structural representation of inner bag.
Accompanying drawing 5 is main device installation distribution map of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
Be illustrated in figure 1 a kind of heating installation of discrete type heat pipe flat plate solar water heater, comprise flat-plate solar collector 1 and heat storage water tank 5, described flat-plate solar collector 1 is located at outdoor, described heat storage water tank 5 is located at indoor heat storage water tank 5 and is connected with heat storage water tank outlet pipe 14, provides bath water; The delivered heat of described solar thermal collector 1 stores to heat storage water tank 5, described heat storage water tank 5 inside is provided with spiral-tube condenser 10, spiral-tube condenser 10 inside is provided with cool-heat-exchanger 21, and cold air becomes hot-air for indoor heating through cool-heat-exchanger 21 heat exchange.In normal conditions, thermal medium is transported in heat storage water tank 5 by steam output pipe by flat-plate solar collector 1, and the thermal medium exothermic condensation entering into heat storage water tank 5 becomes liquid, is back to flat-plate solar collector 1, realizes long-range heat transfer.When being provided daily bath water by the hot water after heating by heat storage water tank outlet pipe 14 in heat storage water tank 5, the time that more existing solar water heater goes out hot water is fast, significantly reduces the wasting phenomenon of domestic water.
Connecting together of existing vacuum tube collector and heat-conducting water box, resistance to frost is undesirable, has booster phenomenon at cold district, and ordinary flat solar energy does not have antifreeze function.The antifreezing solar energy ability of separate heat pipe pipe row is strong, flat-plate solar collector adopts the phase-change heat transfer of working medium, and liquid working substance is not full of whole pipe, meets when freezing and has certain expansion space, in addition the heat pipe of antifreeze working medium can be adopted to make heat collector, and its freezing tolerance is especially outstanding.
Due to present invention employs separate heat pipe pipe row realize thermal medium circulation and spiral-tube condenser heat release reach long-range heat transfer; Therefore flat-plate solar collector 1 can be very flexible with the layout of heat storage water tank 5, and the place that flat-plate solar collector 1 both can be arranged in windowsill, balcony faces south, even can adopt wall-hanging; Same heat storage water tank 5 also can be arranged in bathroom also can be arranged in kitchen, like this for the use of low layer user solar water heater provides conveniently, the hot water time is gone out fast than the solar water heater being arranged on multilayer roof, reduce the wasting phenomenon of hot water for life, so both can ensure that hot water for life was timely, and thoroughly can solve again bursting by freezing and the knot problem of pipeline.
Described flat-plate solar collector 1 comprises flat-plate solar collector framework 27, separate heat pipe pipe row 2, heat collector heat-absorbing plate core 3, heat collector backboard 29, warming plate 34 and transparent cover plate 9, described separate heat pipe pipe row 2 and heat collector heat-absorbing plate core 3 are wholely set and form evaporimeter 4, and scribble solar selective heat-absorbing coating at its surface.Described evaporimeter 4 back side arranges heat collector backboard 29, arranges warming plate 34 at heat collector backboard 29 back side, and described evaporimeter 4 surrounding is provided with flat-plate solar collector framework 27, and described evaporimeter 4 upper cover establishes transparent cover plate 9.
Heat collector temperature sensor 6 is provided with in described separate heat pipe pipe row 2, the signal output part of described heat collector temperature sensor 6 is connected with the signal output part of intelligent switch 7, the signal output part of described intelligent switch 7 is connected with the signal output part of flow control valve 8, and described flow control valve 8 controls flat-plate solar collector 1 heat output quantity.The flow setting value of described flow control valve 8 include little in large three flow readings, described intelligent switch 7 controls the duty of flow valve 8, the measuring junction of heat collector temperature sensor 6 stretches in the runner in separate heat pipe pipe row 2, when recording that in evaporimeter 4, temperature is below or above a certain setting value, and by this signal transmission to intelligent switch 7, by adjustment flow control valve 8, the heat output quantity of adjustment, ensures the security of system.In normal conditions along with heat storage water tank 5 inner cold water is when thermal source constantly inputs, temperature constantly raises, in whole heat storage water tank 5, operating pressure and operating temperature also constantly raise to adapt to dynamics and thermodynamical equilibrium under new operating mode, at this moment, operating pressure in flat-plate solar collector 1 and operating temperature also can constantly raise, until reached design temperature by heating cold water temperature in heat storage water tank 5, cut off the backflow of condensate liquid by intelligent switch 7 and flow control valve 8.Working medium residual in evaporimeter 4 can continue evaporation, rises to spiral-tube condenser 10 condensation, forms superheated steam until all withered.
Described heat storage water tank 5 is cylindrical structure, comprises inner bag 11, helix tube condenser 10, heat storage box shell from the inside to the outside successively, and inner bag 1 material adopts heat-conducting metal to make, and heat storage box shell adopts engineering plastics to make.Described helix tube condenser 10 is wound around and is arranged on the outer wall of inner bag 11, fill insulant material 35 between described inner bag 11 and heat storage box shell.Be provided with water level controller 20 in the inwall upper end, side of heat storage water tank 5, described heat storage water tank water inlet pipe 18 is connected with self water feeding electronic valve 19, and the signal output part of water level controller 20 is connected with the signal input part of self water feeding electronic valve 19.When the water yield in heat collection water tank 5 is below or above a certain setting value, can self water feeding or stopping water supply.
Described helix tube condenser 10 adopts thin type copper tube to make, and copper tube is bendable flexible pipe, and described inner bag 11 outer wall is provided with helix tube type arc groove, and described helix tube condenser 10 is embedded in arc groove.Expand heat transfer contact area, like this can effectively keeping system heat transfer heat exchange stability.
Described cool-heat-exchanger about 21 runs through inner bag 11 and is arranged in heat storage water tank 5, described cool-heat-exchanger 21 inlet end is connected with supply fan pipeline 23, described supply fan pipeline 23 is connected with supply fan 22 disposed in the interior, described cool-heat-exchanger 21 outlet side is fanned pipeline 25 and is connected with giving vent to anger, described in fan pipeline 25 of giving vent to anger be connected with disposed in the interior fan 24 of giving vent to anger.
Described cool-heat-exchanger 21 inlet end is connected with pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side, described pipeline reversal valve 26 inlet end comprises two, be respectively outdoor air inlet end and room air inlet end, described outdoor air inlet end is connected with ventilation fan pipeline 33 and supply fan pipeline 23 respectively with room air inlet end; Described pipeline reversal valve 26 is three-way pipeline, and can intelligence open and close in pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side, outdoor air inlet end and room air inlet end three any one, when pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side of described pipeline reversal valve 26 and outdoor air inlet end are opened simultaneously, room air inlet end is in closed condition, otherwise when pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side and room air inlet end are in and open, outdoor air inlet end is in closed condition; The signal output part of timer 36 is connected with the signal input part of pipeline reversal valve 26, in turn switching chamber outer air inlet end and room air inlet end open and-shut mode.When system worked well, pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side of pipeline reversal valve 26 and room air inlet end length open, outdoor air inlet end is closed, during heating, timer 36 according to setting every two hours transmission of signals to pipeline reversal valve 26, now room air inlet end switches to closed condition, outdoor air inlet end and pipeline reversal valve 26 outlet side are in open mode, realize intelligent switching, enter ventilation program, time of exchanging gas will continue ten minutes, after ten minutes, timer 36 transmission of signal is to pipeline reversal valve 26, now again open room air inlet end, close chamber's outer air inlet end, realize intelligent switching, recover heating program.During the work of this air-conditioning system, carry out intellectuality heating according to the above-mentioned cycle, wherein the time of concrete cycle period can be set by timer 36.The present invention selects cylinder radiator in outdoor air inlet end uses to complete indoor air-changing, mainly prevents from being brought in room or parlor by the cold air of outdoor in indoor air-changing process, thus affects indoor heating effect.
The steam output pipe of described separate heat pipe pipe row 2 is connected with gas-liquid separator 30 entrance point, described gas-liquid separator 30 comprise two ports of export, be respectively steam (vapor) outlet end and liquefaction water out end, described steam (vapor) outlet end is connected with the entrance point of helix tube condenser 10, be back to hydrops cup 31 after the condensation-water drain end of described helix tube condenser 10 and liquefaction water out end conflux, then be connected through the condensing reflux end that flow control valve (8) and separate heat pipe pipe arrange 2.
Ceramic heating bar 15, heating rod temperature sensor 16 are set in described inner bag 11, the signal output part of described heating rod temperature sensor 16 is connected with the signal input part of heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS) 17, the signal output part of described heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS) 17 is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar 15, can utilize the thermal medium direct heating flow to of heat storage water tank 5 under described system nominal situation.Also comprise electronic clock, the signal output part of described electronic clock is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar 15, can also utilize electronic clock night dip valency electricity heat energy storage in heat storage water tank 5 if desired, improve the economy of system.
Main device distribution of the present invention as shown in Figure 5, supply fan 22 and fan 24 of giving vent to anger are arranged on the diverse location in indoor (room or parlor) respectively, the place that solar thermal collector 1 is arranged on windowsill, balcony faces south, heat storage water tank 5 is arranged on indoor, and the installation site of described helix tube condenser 10 is higher than the installation site of evaporimeter 4, when hot water in heat storage water tank 5 in inner bag 11 provides daily bath water by heat storage water tank outlet pipe 14, the time going out hot water is fast, reduces the wasting phenomenon of domestic water.The outer wall that supply fan pipeline, exhaust fan pipeline, ventilation fan pipeline comprise all pipelines or enter wall coil road is all coated with thermal insulation material, prevents there is cold and hot exchange with the external world.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; be noted that for those skilled in the art; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the heating installation of a discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater, it is characterized in that: comprise flat-plate solar collector (1) and heat storage water tank (5), described flat-plate solar collector (1) is located at outdoor, described heat storage water tank (5) is located at indoor, heat storage water tank (5) is connected with heat storage water tank outlet pipe (14), and heat storage water tank (5) inside is provided with spiral-tube condenser (10); Heat pipe evaporation ends in described flat-plate solar collector (1), by steam output pipe, thermal medium is transferred to spiral-tube condenser (10), thermal medium exothermic condensation in spiral-tube condenser (10) becomes the cold water in liquid heating heat storage water tank (5), be back to flat-plate solar collector (1) by condensate liquid return duct again, realize long-range heat transfer; Described spiral-tube condenser (10) inside is provided with cool-heat-exchanger (21), and cold air becomes hot-air for indoor heating through cool-heat-exchanger (21) heat exchange.
2. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described flat-plate solar collector (1) comprises flat-plate solar collector framework (27), separate heat pipe pipe row (2), heat collector heat-absorbing plate core (3), heat collector backboard (29), warming plate (34) and transparent cover plate (9), described separate heat pipe pipe row (2) and heat collector heat-absorbing plate core (3) are wholely set and form evaporimeter (4), described evaporimeter (4) back side arranges heat collector backboard (29), at heat collector backboard (29) back side, warming plate (34) is set, described evaporimeter (4) surrounding is provided with flat-plate solar collector framework (27), described evaporimeter (4) upper cover establishes transparent cover plate (9), two of separate heat pipe pipe row (2) of described evaporimeter (4) is connected with condensate liquid return duct by steam output pipe respectively.
3. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described separate heat pipe pipe row (2), be provided with heat collector temperature sensor (6), the signal output part of described heat collector temperature sensor (6) is connected with the signal output part of intelligent switch (7), the signal output part of described intelligent switch (7) is connected with the signal output part of flow control valve (8), and described flow control valve (8) controls the capacity of returns of condensate liquid return duct.
4. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described heat storage water tank (5) comprises inner bag (11), helix tube condenser (10), heat storage box shell from the inside to the outside successively, the winding of described helix tube condenser (10) is arranged on the outer wall of inner bag (11), fill insulant material (35) between described inner bag (11) and heat storage box shell.
5. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described helix tube condenser (10) adopts thin type copper tube to make, described inner bag (11) outer wall is provided with helix tube type arc groove, and described helix tube condenser (10) is embedded in arc groove.
6. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described cool-heat-exchanger (21) runs through inner bag (11) up and down and is arranged in heat storage water tank (5), described cool-heat-exchanger (21) inlet end is connected with supply fan pipeline (23), described supply fan pipeline (23) is connected with supply fan disposed in the interior (22), described cool-heat-exchanger (21) outlet side is fanned pipeline (25) and is connected with giving vent to anger, described fan pipeline (25) of giving vent to anger is fanned (24) with disposed in the interior giving vent to anger and is connected.
7. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described cool-heat-exchanger (21) inlet end is connected with pipeline reversal valve (26) outlet side, described pipeline reversal valve (26) inlet end comprises two, be respectively outdoor air inlet end and room air inlet end, described outdoor air inlet end and room air inlet end are connected with ventilation fan pipeline (33) and supply fan pipeline (23) respectively; The signal output part of timer (36) is connected with the signal input part of pipeline reversal valve (26), switching chamber outer air inlet end and room air inlet end open and-shut mode.
8. a kind of heating installation of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 2 or 6, it is characterized in that: the steam output pipe of described separate heat pipe pipe row (2) is connected with gas-liquid separator (30) entrance point, described gas-liquid separator (30) comprise two ports of export, be respectively steam (vapor) outlet end and liquefaction water out end, described steam (vapor) outlet end is connected with the entrance point of helix tube condenser (10), the condensate outlet end of described helix tube condenser (10) confluxes to hydrops cup (31) with liquefaction water out end, the condensate liquid return duct of separate heat pipe pipe row (2) is back to again through flow control valve (8).
9. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: ceramic heating bar (15), heating rod temperature sensor (16) are set in described inner bag (11), the signal output part of described heating rod temperature sensor (16) is connected with the signal input part of heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS) (17), and the signal output part of described heating rod temperature detect switch (TDS) (17) is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar (15);
Also comprise electronic clock, the signal output part of described electronic clock is connected with the signal input part of ceramic heating bar (15).
10. the heating installation of a kind of discrete type heat pipe solar energy water heater according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the installation site of described helix tube condenser (10) is higher than the installation site of evaporimeter (4).
CN201510079941.3A 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 Heating device of solar water heater with discrete-type heat pipes Pending CN104595967A (en)

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CN104930877A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-23 安徽东至广信农化有限公司 Condenser for recycling methylal from glyphosate tail gas
CN105042815A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 安徽建筑大学 Secondary heat recovery heat-tube type air conditioning system
CN105180466A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 东南大学 Fresh water generation device suitable for high and cold area
CN105202781A (en) * 2015-10-15 2015-12-30 南京苏佰能能源科技有限公司 Active heat pipe flat solar water heater
CN108548210A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-18 肖梅 A kind of energy-efficient HVAC heating installation
CN110715457A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 铜陵市宏安太阳能科技有限公司 Energy-saving solar water heater
CN110715456A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 铜陵市宏安太阳能科技有限公司 Novel wall-mounted solar water heater

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CN102913986A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-06 常州市康舒环境科技有限公司 Separate heat pipe wall mounting type flat-plate solar heating device
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CN203099981U (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-07-31 常州市康舒环境科技有限公司 Wall-mounted type flat-plate solar heating device of power-driven separating type heat pipe
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104930877A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-23 安徽东至广信农化有限公司 Condenser for recycling methylal from glyphosate tail gas
CN105042815A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-11-11 安徽建筑大学 Secondary heat recovery heat-tube type air conditioning system
CN105180466A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 东南大学 Fresh water generation device suitable for high and cold area
CN105202781A (en) * 2015-10-15 2015-12-30 南京苏佰能能源科技有限公司 Active heat pipe flat solar water heater
CN108548210A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-09-18 肖梅 A kind of energy-efficient HVAC heating installation
CN110715457A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 铜陵市宏安太阳能科技有限公司 Energy-saving solar water heater
CN110715456A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-01-21 铜陵市宏安太阳能科技有限公司 Novel wall-mounted solar water heater

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