CN201138942Y - Garlic combine-harvester - Google Patents

Garlic combine-harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201138942Y
CN201138942Y CNU200820016299XU CN200820016299U CN201138942Y CN 201138942 Y CN201138942 Y CN 201138942Y CN U200820016299X U CNU200820016299X U CN U200820016299XU CN 200820016299 U CN200820016299 U CN 200820016299U CN 201138942 Y CN201138942 Y CN 201138942Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
seedling
neat
cut
combine harvester
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU200820016299XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郭荣龙
Original Assignee
郭荣龙
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Publication date
Application filed by 郭荣龙 filed Critical 郭荣龙
Priority to CNU200820016299XU priority Critical patent/CN201138942Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201138942Y publication Critical patent/CN201138942Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a garlic combined harvester, which comprises a rack, and a driving mechanism, a travelling mechanism, a transmission mechanism, a digging mechanism, a gripping conveying mechanism, a leveling mechanism, a cleaning mechanism and a seedling drawing mechanism arranged on the rack. The combined harvester is characterized in that the digging mechanism comprises at least three seedling dividing balancing shovels are arranged at the front end of the rack, a positioning plow is arranged on the bottom surface of the seedling dividing balancing shovel positioned in the center, furrow wheels driven by the driving mechanism are respectively arranged on the rest seedling dividing balancing shovels, root pruning scissors are arranged behind the seedling dividing balancing shovels, and the root pruning scissors can ensure the sliding blocks arranged at the upper parts of the root pruning scissors to reciprocate to realize shearing through the crank sliding block mechanism connected with the driving mechanism.

Description

Combine harvester for garlic
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery, relates in particular to a kind of combine harvester for garlic.
Background technology
Present domestic garlic harvesting has been released multiple product, plows though can finish, and trembles soil, be completely cured, cut work such as seedling, but still exist the property excavated poor, the defective that breakage rate is high, owing to employing in mining process is that flat plough excavates, cause the place ahead plough tool resistance to strengthen, make the driving wheel malleable direction at rear, add the plough tool causes the garlic body in operation inclination rollover, make folder seedling instrument be difficult to accurate clamping garlic seedling stem, thereby cause leaking fruit rate height; After garlic entered the cabin, because head of garlic size is uneven, present technology still can accurately not cut off rhizome, thereby makes breakage rate high-leveled and difficult to finish the harvesting task.
Summary of the invention
The utility model has proposed a kind of combine harvester for garlic at deficiency of the prior art, and its effective clamping garlic seedling cuts off rhizome simultaneously in the harvesting process, effectively reduces the fruit rate of leaking.
This programme is realized by following technical measures: it comprises frame and the driving mechanism that is provided with on frame, running gear, transmission mechanism, digging mechanism, the clamping conveying mechanism, neat really mechanism, clean fruit mechanism and go out rice seedling distribution mechanism, it is characterized in that described digging mechanism comprises at least 3 balance shovels of separating seedlings or planting that are positioned at the frame front end, the location plough is set being positioned on the balance shovel bottom surface of separating seedlings or planting of central authorities, on all the other separate seedlings or planting balances shovels, be respectively arranged with the plane furrow wheel of drive mechanism, be provided with to be completely cured at the described balance shovel rear of separating seedlings or planting and cut, described be completely cured to cut make that being arranged at is completely cured and cut the slide block on top to move back and forth by the slider-crank mechanism that is connected with driving mechanism to realize shearing.
The beneficial effect of this programme can be learnt according to the narration to such scheme, owing on frame, be provided with and dig furrow wheel and cooperate with being completely cured to cut, when reducing advance resistance, realize being completely cured, the location that the location plough realizes shearing the operation mid frame, the balance of separating seedlings or planting shovel is realized the erectility of garlic seedling, prevent that the garlic seedling from being pushed over, so the utility model compared with prior art, realized technical purpose.
The concrete characteristics of this programme also have, and described folder seedling balance shovel is 5.Described clamping conveying mechanism comprise the branch that is arranged in the balance shovel rear portion metal trough of separating seedlings or planting up and down two layers be furnished with folder seedling belt and neat garlic band, 8 folder seedling belts are positioned at the top of 8 neat garlic bands and intersect with neat garlic band place straight line, two one group of described folder seedling belt in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the driving pulley of end, the corresponding surface of two folder seedling belts in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face, two one group on described neat garlic band in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the driving pulley of end, the corresponding surface of two neat garlic bands in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face.
The outer surface of described folder seedling belt is provided with projection.The outer surface of described neat garlic band is provided with projection.
Described clean fruit mechanism comprises that being positioned at neat garlic band arranged beneath has 4 clean garlic devices.Described clean garlic device comprises sidewall the removing the soil tube and cut cutting automatically of eccentric drive wheel drive automatically by what be connected with driving mechanism of opening vertically, the described sidewall opening that removes the soil tube comprises upper shed and under shed, the lip line parallel of described upper shed and run through sidewall all the time, the poly-root mouth that described under shed intersects for the lip line, described remove pure land brush is set on the soil tube, described cutting automatically comprises being positioned to cut on the neat garlic band top and be positioned at and removes soil tube the following of bottom and cut.
Described go out rice seedling distribution mechanism comprise with folder seedling belt drives belt wheel coaxial be connected collude seedling wheel and the seedling-shaking device that cooperates with it and every the seedling plate.
Described running gear is the wheel that is arranged at the frame rear portion, and described wheel is connected with driving mechanism by transmission mechanism.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done to describe in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the utility model external overall structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model engine room inside structural representation;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 rearview;
Fig. 4 is the balance shovel of separating seedlings or planting, folder seedling belt and neat garlic band structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 cooperates schematic diagram for folder seedling belt;
Fig. 6 is clean garlic device and pure land brush configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the shear structure schematic diagram of being completely cured;
Among the figure, 1, frame, 2, operating grip, 3, clutch, 4, the direction rim brake, 5, gear, 6, catching hold of the earth wheel, 7, folder seedling device gear shaft, 8, folder seedling belt, 9, neat garlic band, 10, clean garlic device, 11, pure land brush, 12, automatically cut eccentric drive wheel, 13, automatically cut 14, power transmission shaft, 15, dig furrow wheel, 16, the balance of separating seedlings or planting shovel, 17, the location plough, 18, the seedling-shaking device foreign steamer, 19, seedling-shaking device, 20, every seedling plate, 21, be completely cured and cut foreign steamer, 22, be completely cured and cut, 23, contain the garlic case, 24, unpacking handle, 25, the throttle valve, 26, power movement cabin, 27, chain wheel, 28, the V-belt, 29, dial the seedling gear shaft, 30, power wheel, 31, pure land brush gear shaft, 32, seedling outlet, 33, chain, 34, collude the seedling wheel, 35, folder seedling belt pulley, 36, the seeding clipping belt channel, 37, remove the soil tube, 38, poly-root mouth, 39, slide block, 40, slider-crank mechanism.
Embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1~2, it comprises frame and the driving mechanism that is provided with on frame, running gear, transmission mechanism, digging mechanism, the clamping conveying mechanism, neat really mechanism, clean fruit mechanism and go out rice seedling distribution mechanism, it is characterized in that described digging mechanism comprises at least 3 of being positioned at the frame front end balances shovel 16 of separating seedlings or planting, shovel in the balance of separating seedlings or planting that is positioned at central authorities location plough 17 is set on 16 bottom surfaces, location plough 17 in running with ditch dug with a plow respectively in the middle of the garlic ridge, cut 22 swings relatively in soil box for being completely cured of rear, reach the purpose of cutting off underground garlic root.On separating seedlings or planting balance shovel 16, all the other are respectively arranged with the plane furrow wheel 15 of drive mechanism, shovel 16 rears in the described balance of separating seedlings or planting and be provided with to be completely cured and cut 22, described being completely cured cut 22 and made that being arranged at is completely cured and cut the slide block 39 on 22 tops to move back and forth by the slider-crank mechanism 40 that is connected with driving mechanism to realize shearings.Described folder seedling balance shovel 16 is 5.Described clamping conveying mechanism comprise be arranged at the balance of separating seedlings or planting shovel in the 16 rear portion metal troughs branch up and down two layers be furnished with folder seedling belt 8 and neat garlic band 9, eight folder seedling belts 8 are positioned at the top of eight neat garlic bands 9 and intersect with neat garlic band 9 place straight lines, when the garlic stem enters folder seedling belt 8 and neat garlic band 9 simultaneously, form in the work and take power up and down by force, because neat garlic band 9 is more lax than folder seedling belt 8, the head of garlic tightly invests the bottom of neat garlic band 9 at the volley naturally, the folder seedling belt 8 of top is owing to only take power by force simultaneously, thereby the slippage of seedling stem nature reaches the purpose of neat garlic, and 13 the work of cutting automatically for the back creates conditions.
8 two one group of described folder seedling belt in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the folder seedling belt pulley 35 of end, the corresponding surface of two folder seedling belts 8 in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face, 9 two one group on described neat garlic band in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the driving pulley of end, the corresponding surface of two neat garlic bands 9 in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face.The outer surface of described folder seedling belt 8 is provided with projection.The outer surface of described neat garlic band 9 is provided with projection.The chain wheel 27 that is connected with driving mechanism is connected with clamping conveying mechanism gear shaft 7 by chain 33, by gear graduation folder seedling belt 8 and coaxial neat garlic band 9 are moved with speed, power through power wheel 30 outputs is connected with the place ahead power transmission shaft 14 simultaneously, drive and dial seedling-shaking device 19 runnings that seedling gear shaft 29 makes inside, the guide shaft 13 of cutting automatically by power transmission shaft 14 drive the place aheads turns round again, while power transmission shaft 14 outputting power to 4 plane ditches of front end device 15 is again cut foreign steamer 21 runnings with being completely cured, in drive slide blocks 39 through crank slide block mechanism 40 and make to be completely cured and cut 22 runnings relatively, cut foreign steamer 21 again by being completely cured and connect pure land brush gear shafts 31 through chain 33 and drive inner pure land brush 11 runnings.
Described clean fruit mechanism comprises that being positioned at neat garlic band 9 arranged beneath has 4 clean garlic devices 10.Described clean garlic device 10 comprise sidewall vertically opening remove soil tube 37 with by is connected with driving mechanism cut eccentric drive wheel 12 drivings automatically cut 13 automatically, the described sidewall opening that removes soil tube 37 comprises upper shed and under shed, the lip line parallel of described upper shed and run through sidewall all the time, the poly-root mouth 38 that described under shed intersects for the lip line, described remove pure land brush 11 is set on the soil tube 37, describedly cuts 13 automatically and comprise being positioned to cut on the neat garlic band top and be positioned at and remove soil tube the following of 37 bottoms and cut.
Describedly go out rice seedling distribution mechanism and comprise with the folder seedling belt pulley 35 coaxial seedling-shaking devices 19 that collude seedling wheel 34 and cooperation with it that are connected with every seedling plate 20.
Described running gear is the wheel that is arranged at the frame rear portion, and described wheel is connected with driving mechanism by transmission mechanism.
During harvesting, at first groove will be dug in the middle of the garlic ridge by plane ditch device 15 on the balance shovel 16 of separating seedlings or planting and location plough 17, be completely cured for every pair and cut 32 fast swing is disconnected with the garlic undercut to both sides in groove, by folder seedling belt 8 the garlic stem is clamped again, being miter angle upwards pulls up, be delivered to the cabin, the garlic stem is through neat garlic band 9, the head of garlic enters clean garlic device 10, and pure land brush 11 is removed soil taking by force in the power process between two bands by removing soil tube 37 in conveying, garlic is alignd naturally, the garlic root forms vertical configuration by the poly-root mouth 38 except that soil tube 37 bottoms in poly-root mouth 38 with root, through cutting 13 the following root that cuts off automatically, cut automatically 13 on cut off stem, the garlic seedling is delivered to outside seedling plate 20 by colluding seedling wheel 34, seedling-shaking device 19 is discharged the garlic seedling through seedling outlet 32, the head of garlic falls into the breach after cutting automatically and contains in the garlic case 23, and the harvesting process finishes.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of combine harvester for garlic, it comprises frame and the driving mechanism that is provided with on frame, running gear, transmission mechanism, digging mechanism, the clamping conveying mechanism, neat really mechanism, clean fruit mechanism and go out rice seedling distribution mechanism, it is characterized in that described digging mechanism comprises at least 3 balance shovels of separating seedlings or planting that are positioned at the frame front end, shovel in the balance of separating seedlings or planting that is positioned at central authorities the location plough is set on the bottom surface, on all the other separate seedlings or planting the balance shovel, be respectively arranged with the plane furrow wheel of drive mechanism, be provided with to be completely cured at the described balance shovel rear of separating seedlings or planting and cut, described be completely cured to cut make that being arranged at is completely cured and cut the slide block on top to move back and forth by the slider-crank mechanism that is connected with driving mechanism to realize shearing.
2, combine harvester for garlic according to claim 1 is characterized in that described folder seedling balance shovel is 5.
3, combine harvester for garlic according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described clamping conveying mechanism comprise the branch that is arranged in the balance shovel rear portion metal trough of separating seedlings or planting up and down two layers be furnished with folder seedling belt and neat garlic band, 8 folder seedling belts are positioned at the top of 8 neat garlic bands and intersect with neat garlic band place straight line, two one group of described folder seedling belt in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the driving pulley of end, the corresponding surface of two folder seedling belts in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face, two one group on described neat garlic band in metal trough side by side the next-door neighbour arrange and drive by the driving pulley of end, the corresponding surface of two neat garlic bands in every group complements each other to form the clamping working face.
4, combine harvester for garlic according to claim 3 is characterized in that the outer surface of described folder seedling belt is provided with projection.
5, combine harvester for garlic according to claim 3 is characterized in that the outer surface of described neat garlic band is provided with projection.
6,, it is characterized in that described clean fruit mechanism comprises that being positioned at neat garlic band arranged beneath has 4 clean garlic devices according to claim 3 or 4 or 5 described combine harvester for garlic.
7, combine harvester for garlic according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described clean garlic device comprises sidewall the removing the soil tube and cut cutting automatically of eccentric drive wheel drive automatically by what be connected with driving mechanism of opening vertically, the described sidewall opening that removes the soil tube comprises upper shed and under shed, the lip line parallel of described upper shed and run through sidewall all the time, the poly-root mouth that described under shed intersects for the lip line, described remove pure land brush is set on the soil tube, described cutting automatically comprises being positioned to cut on the neat garlic band top and be positioned at and removes soil tube the following of bottom and cut.
8, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described combine harvester for garlic, it is characterized in that described go out rice seedling distribution mechanism comprise with folder seedling belt drives belt wheel coaxial be connected collude seedling wheel and the seedling-shaking device that cooperates with it and every the seedling plate.
9, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described combine harvester for garlic, it is characterized in that described running gear is the wheel that is arranged at the frame rear portion, described wheel is connected with driving mechanism by transmission mechanism.
CNU200820016299XU 2008-01-11 2008-01-11 Garlic combine-harvester Expired - Fee Related CN201138942Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820016299XU CN201138942Y (en) 2008-01-11 2008-01-11 Garlic combine-harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200820016299XU CN201138942Y (en) 2008-01-11 2008-01-11 Garlic combine-harvester

Publications (1)

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CN201138942Y true CN201138942Y (en) 2008-10-29

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102057793A (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-05-18 陈付岭 Full automatic garlic harvesting machine
CN102487649A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-13 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 Combined salvia miltiorrhiza harvester
CN102804968A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-12-05 孟现芳 Garlic combined harvester
CN102893750A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-01-30 杨健 Automatic rotary garlic scape harvesting machine
CN101449642B (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-05-01 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Garlic combined harvester harvesting-platform
CN104686216A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Self-propelled wheat root cutting machine
CN113287415A (en) * 2021-05-17 2021-08-24 山东登海种业股份有限公司 Corn combine harvester

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101449642B (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-05-01 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Garlic combined harvester harvesting-platform
CN102057793A (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-05-18 陈付岭 Full automatic garlic harvesting machine
CN102057793B (en) * 2010-06-23 2012-06-20 陈付岭 Full automatic garlic harvesting machine
CN102487649A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-13 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 Combined salvia miltiorrhiza harvester
CN102487649B (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-08-14 山东省农业科学院农产品研究所 Combined salvia miltiorrhiza harvester
CN102804968A (en) * 2012-07-25 2012-12-05 孟现芳 Garlic combined harvester
CN102893750A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-01-30 杨健 Automatic rotary garlic scape harvesting machine
CN104686216A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所 Self-propelled wheat root cutting machine
CN113287415A (en) * 2021-05-17 2021-08-24 山东登海种业股份有限公司 Corn combine harvester
CN113287415B (en) * 2021-05-17 2022-04-26 山东登海种业股份有限公司 Corn combine harvester

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081029

Termination date: 20100211

C17 Cessation of patent right