CN201096769Y - Multi-function sand prevention testing device - Google Patents

Multi-function sand prevention testing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201096769Y
CN201096769Y CNU2007201731870U CN200720173187U CN201096769Y CN 201096769 Y CN201096769 Y CN 201096769Y CN U2007201731870 U CNU2007201731870 U CN U2007201731870U CN 200720173187 U CN200720173187 U CN 200720173187U CN 201096769 Y CN201096769 Y CN 201096769Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bolt
ring
shaft
flange
joint
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007201731870U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宝权
孙厚利
刘向明
孙宝江
孙加元
付宁
张建军
赵洪钟
赵平
吴志勇
Original Assignee
中国石油天然气股份有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 filed Critical 中国石油天然气股份有限公司
Priority to CNU2007201731870U priority Critical patent/CN201096769Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201096769Y publication Critical patent/CN201096769Y/en

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Abstract

Disclosed is a multi-functional sand-control tester, which comprises a simulated shaft, a filled gravel layer, a seepage tube, a heating system, a safety control system, a temperature control system, a safety protective cover and a data collecting system. As the utility model is composed of the simulated shaft, the filled gravel layer, the seepage tube, the heating system, the safety control system, the temperature control system, the safety protective cover and the data collecting system, according to different situations of oil wells, sand-control sieve tubes of various types can be arranged inside the simulated shaft to detect the sand-blocking accuracy, blockage-resistance capability, particle sizes of outputted sands and the distribution of particle sizes of various sand-control sieve tubes and make testing and evaluation of filling quality and filling effect in mechanical and chemical sand control; with simple structure and easy operation, the multi-functional sand-control tester is very suitable for application.

Description

Multi-functional sand control test unit

Technical field:

What the invention of this utility model belonged to that oil field sand prevention uses carries out the test unit of lab simulation, particularly a kind of multi-functional sand control test unit at sand control.

Background technology:

In order to improve the sand control effect, abroad each major company and university have set up many covers sand control simulation test device.With the research work of SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL sand control is example, since the beginning of the eighties, companies such as U.S. Dowell Schlumberger, Halliberton, Chevron, BakerHughes, Marathon and U.S. Heriatwatl university utilize large-scale real size SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL simulation test device, carry out the research of SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL mechanism test, and set up the SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL mathematical model, carry out researchs such as SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL numerical simulation, parametric optimization and sand controlling result prediction, obtained desirable achievement.But there is not similar report at the sand control simulation test device under the high-temperature high-pressure state.Domestic Oil Mined Technology Research Inst., Shengli Oil Field has set up one and has overlapped the physical analog test apparatus that is suitable for SIMULATION STUDY OF GRAVEL PACKING IN HORIZONTAL WELL, but also can only carry out the sand control simulation test at normal temperatures, can not satisfy the requirement of the sand control simulation under the heavy crude heat extraction high-temperature high-pressure state.

Technical scheme

The utility model is to provide a kind of multi-functional sand control test unit, the waterflooding that can be suitable for ligh-oil reservoir, can be suitable for the heavy crude reservoir thermal recovery again, both can carry out the sand control simulation under the normal temperature state, can carry out the sand control simulation under the high-temperature high-pressure state again; Sand block precision, the performance of anti-blockage of various sand control screens, the particle diameter that shakes out, size-grade distribution etc. both can have been detected, the filling quality in the time of can carrying out machinery and chemical sand control again and the detection and the evaluation of filling effect, thus on-the-spot sand control design and sand control construction operation instructed effectively.

The utility model comprises wellbore hole simulator; the gravel bed of filling; the seepage flow tube; heating system; safety control system; temperature control system; safety guard; data acquisition system (DAS); by nut (1); packing ring (2); protective sleeve (3); heat-preservation cotton (4); couble-cone seal ring (5) pressing plate (6); bolt (7) temperature sensor (8); outer shaft wall (9); heating element (10); seepage flow tube (11); interior pit shaft (12); test exemplar (13); bolt (14); O-ring seal (15); back up pad (16); support member (17); trundle bracket (18); feed tube (19); castor (20); drain pipe (21); feed tube (22); support column (23); joint (24); sealing gasket (25); O-ring seal (26); safety feature (27); draw adapter (28); bolt (29); lid (30); O-ring seal (31); pressure ring (32); bolt (33); bolt (34); upper flat cover (35); O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug screw (38); plug (39); gravel bed (40) is formed; nut (1) and studs (7) are by being threaded; protective sleeve (3) is two semi-round ring shape cylinders; link together by hasp; be placed on the periphery of outer shaft wall (9); the inner chamber of protective sleeve 3 is piled heat-preservation cotton (4); couble-cone seal ring (5) compresses with pressing plate (6); pressing plate (6) is fixed on the upper flat cover (35) with bolt (33); temperature sensor (8) is with being threaded onto on the outer shaft wall cylindrical shell; heating element (10) is two semicircular ring; clamp with bolt on the outer wall of pit shaft (9) outside; the interior cylinder of seepage flow tube (11) matches with the cylindrical of joint (24); interior pit shaft (12) is fixed as an integral body with seepage flow tube (11) by bolt (14); circle matches with the cylindrical of joint (24) in it simultaneously; anti-sand test exemplar (13) by two cylinder and plug (39) and joint (24) kink together; bolt (14) is fixed together seepage flow tube (11) and interior pit shaft (12); O-ring seal (15) is placed in the ring groove; base plate (16) support member (17) is by being welded into an integral body; trundle bracket (18) is the feet of protective sleeve (3); two weld together; castor (20) is fixed by bolts on the trundle bracket (18); feed tube (19) links to each other with the inlet flange of outer shaft wall by flange and bolt; drain pipe (21) links together by the liquid outlet flange of flange and bolt and outer shaft wall; support column (23) links together with outer shaft wall (9) and back up pad (16) respectively by screw thread; joint (24) links together by screw thread and outer shaft wall bottom; sealing gasket (25) is pressed in the ring groove of outer shaft wall bottom by exemplar joint (24); O-ring seal (26) is placed in the ring groove of joint (24); safety feature (27) is connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; drawing adapter (28) is connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; bolt (29) will cover (30) and seepage flow tube (11); interior pit shaft (12) is fixed together; O-ring seal (31) is placed in the ring groove of pressure ring (32); pressure ring (32) is fixed on upper flat cover (35) with bolt (34); upper flat cover (35) is by studs (7); nut (1) is fixed together with outer shaft wall (9); O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug (39) is placed in the circular hole of upper flat cover (35); plug screw (38) connects together by screw thread and upper flat cover (35), and compresses O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug (39).

The utility model is owing to adopt gravel bed, seepage flow tube, heating system, safety control system, temperature control system, safety guard, the data acquisition system (DAS) of wellbore hole simulator, filling to form.Difference according to the oil well hole condition, can place various types of sand control screens in the wellbore hole simulator, be used to detect sand block precision, the performance of anti-blockage of various sand control screens, the particle diameter that shakes out, size-grade distribution etc., the filling quality in the time of can carrying out machinery and chemical sand control again and the detection and the evaluation of filling effect.Simple in structure, processing ease is well suited for using.

Description of drawings:

Accompanying drawing is a structural representation of the present utility model.

Embodiment:

The utility model is provided by following examples, is illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.As shown in the figure; the utility model is by nut 1; packing ring 2; protective sleeve 3; heat-preservation cotton 4; couble-cone seal ring 5 pressing plates 6; bolt 7 temperature sensors 8; outer shaft wall 9; heating element 10; seepage flow tube 11; interior pit shaft 12; test exemplar 13; bolt 14; O-ring seal 15; back up pad 16; support member 17; trundle bracket 18; feed tube 19; castor 20; drain pipe 21; feed tube 22; support column 23; joint 24; sealing gasket 25; O-ring seal 26; safety feature 27; draw and take over 28; bolt 29; lid 30; O-ring seal 31; pressure ring 32; bolt 33; bolt 34; upper flat cover 35; O-ring seal 36; pressure ring 37; plug screw 38; plug 39; gravel bed 40 is formed; nut 1 and studs 7 are by being threaded; protective sleeve 3 is two semi-round ring shape cylinders; link together by hasp; be placed on the periphery of outer shaft wall 9; the inner chamber of protective sleeve 3 is piled heat-preservation cotton 4; couble-cone seal ring 5 usefulness pressing plates 6 compress; pressing plate 6 usefulness bolts 33 are fixed on the upper flat cover 35; temperature sensor 8 usefulness are threaded onto on the outer shaft wall cylindrical shell; heating element 10 is two semicircular ring; clamp with bolt on the outer wall of pit shaft 9 outside; cylinder matches with the cylindrical of joint 24 in the seepage flow tube 11; interior pit shaft 12 is fixed as an integral body with seepage flow tube 11 by bolt 14; circle matches with the cylindrical of joint 24 in it simultaneously; anti-sand test exemplar 13 by two cylinder and plug 39 and joint 24 kinks together; bolt 14 is fixed together seepage flow tube 11 and interior pit shaft 12; O-ring seal 15 is placed in the ring groove; base plate 16 support members 17 are by being welded into an integral body; trundle bracket 18 is the feet of protective sleeve 3; two weld together; castor 20 is fixed by bolts on the trundle bracket 18; feed tube 19 links to each other with the inlet flange of outer shaft wall by flange and bolt; drain pipe 21 links together by the liquid outlet flange of flange and bolt and outer shaft wall; support column 23; link together with outer shaft wall 9 and back up pad 16 respectively by screw thread; joint 24 links together by screw thread and outer shaft wall bottom; sealing gasket 25 is pressed in the ring groove of outer shaft wall bottom by exemplar joint 24; O-ring seal 26 is placed in the ring groove of joint 24; safety feature 27 is connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; draw and take over 28; be connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; bolt 29 will cover 30 with seepage flow tube 11; interior pit shaft 12 is fixed together; O-ring seal 31 is placed in the ring groove of pressure ring 32; pressure ring 32 usefulness bolts 34 are fixed on upper flat cover 35; upper flat cover 35 is by studs 7; nut 1 is fixed together with outer shaft wall 9; O-ring seal 36; pressure ring 37; plug 39 is placed in the circular hole of upper flat cover 35; plug screw 38 connects together by screw thread and upper flat cover 35, and compresses O-ring seal 36; pressure ring 37; plug 39.

Embodiment

1. pass through to inject similar liquid in liquid injection port, make fluid through liquid injection port, seepage flow tube, the gravel bed of filling, interior pit shaft, test exemplar, discharge from leakage fluid dram, thus the production run during the simulation sand control, and can detect and estimate various types of sand control screens;

2. pass through to inject sand-carrying agent in liquid injection port, make fluid through liquid injection port, seepage flow tube, the gravel bed of filling, interior pit shaft, test exemplar, by control flow rate of fluid, pressure and other parameters, discharge from leakage fluid dram, filling quality and filling effect in the time of can detecting machinery and chemical sand control, thus on-the-spot sand control design and sand control construction effectively instructed.

Difference according to the oil well hole condition, can place various types of sand control screens in the wellbore hole simulator, be used to detect sand block precision, the performance of anti-blockage of various sand control screens, the particle diameter that shakes out, size-grade distribution etc., the filling quality in the time of can carrying out machinery and chemical sand control again and the detection and the evaluation of filling effect.The seepage flow tube can allow the sand-carrying agent of simulating or similar liquid etc. to enter in gravel bed and the wellbore hole simulator.Its effect is the stratum filtration of a certain radius in simulation stratum, immediate vicinity of wellbore.Heating system is made up of resistance wire, thermal conductive ceramic, ceramic coat, insulation guard shield etc.Pit shaft and simulated formation are heated.Wherein be incubated guard shield and play temperature in the protection analogue means.The security control of system is by temperature, the pressure of wellbore hole simulator in different types of safety valve control process of the test; The temperature security control is logical and disconnected by the computer control heater switch; The temperature sensor place is provided with heater switch, and heating power supply can manually be controlled.The injury that safety guard causes the people when preventing that whole wellbore hole simulator from testing under high-temperature high-pressure state.

Claims (1)

1; a kind of multi-functional sand control test unit; comprise wellbore hole simulator; the gravel bed of filling; the seepage flow tube; heating system; safety control system; temperature control system; safety guard; data acquisition system (DAS); by nut (1); packing ring (2); protective sleeve (3); heat-preservation cotton (4); couble-cone seal ring (5) pressing plate (6); bolt (7) temperature sensor (8); outer shaft wall (9); heating element (10); seepage flow tube (11); interior pit shaft (12); test exemplar (13); bolt (14); O-ring seal (15); back up pad (16); support member (17); trundle bracket (18); feed tube (19); castor (20); drain pipe (21); feed tube (22); support column (23); joint (24); sealing gasket (25); O-ring seal (26); safety feature (27); draw adapter (28); bolt (29); lid (30); O-ring seal (31); pressure ring (32); bolt (33); bolt (34); upper flat cover (35); O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug screw (38); plug (39); gravel bed (40) is formed; it is characterized in that: nut (1) and studs (7) are by being threaded; protective sleeve (3) is two semi-round ring shape cylinders; link together by hasp; be placed on the periphery of outer shaft wall (9); the inner chamber of protective sleeve 3 is piled heat-preservation cotton (4); couble-cone seal ring (5) compresses with pressing plate (6); pressing plate (6) is fixed on the upper flat cover (35) with bolt (33); temperature sensor (8) is with being threaded onto on the outer shaft wall cylindrical shell; heating element (10) is two semicircular ring; clamp with bolt on the outer wall of pit shaft (9) outside; the interior cylinder of seepage flow tube (11) matches with the cylindrical of joint (24); interior pit shaft (12) is fixed as an integral body with seepage flow tube (11) by bolt (14); circle matches with the cylindrical of joint (24) in it simultaneously; anti-sand test exemplar (13) by two cylinder and plug (39) and joint (24) kink together; bolt (14) is fixed together seepage flow tube (11) and interior pit shaft (12); O-ring seal (15) is placed in the ring groove; base plate (16) support member (17) is by being welded into an integral body; trundle bracket (18) is the feet of protective sleeve (3); two weld together; castor (20) is fixed by bolts on the trundle bracket (18); feed tube (19) links to each other with the inlet flange of outer shaft wall by flange and bolt; drain pipe (21) links together by the liquid outlet flange of flange and bolt and outer shaft wall; support column (23) links together with outer shaft wall (9) and back up pad (16) respectively by screw thread; joint (24) links together by screw thread and outer shaft wall bottom; sealing gasket (25) is pressed in the ring groove of outer shaft wall bottom by exemplar joint (24); O-ring seal (26) is placed in the ring groove of joint (24); safety feature (27) is connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; drawing adapter (28) is connected with the discharge flange of explosion-protection equipment by flange and bolt; bolt (29) will cover (30) and seepage flow tube (11); interior pit shaft (12) is fixed together; O-ring seal (31) is placed in the ring groove of pressure ring (32); pressure ring (32) is fixed on upper flat cover (35) with bolt (34); upper flat cover (35) is by studs (7); nut (1) is fixed together with outer shaft wall (9); O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug (39) is placed in the circular hole of upper flat cover (35); plug screw (38) connects together by screw thread and upper flat cover (35), and compresses O-ring seal (36); pressure ring (37); plug (39).
CNU2007201731870U 2007-09-18 2007-09-18 Multi-function sand prevention testing device CN201096769Y (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102003174A (en) * 2010-09-19 2011-04-06 中国海洋石油总公司 Simulated experiment device of three-dimension radial flow sieve tube
CN102243190A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Test device for high-temperature and high-pressure inspection and evaluation of sand-preventing material
CN102242628A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Multilayered oil well sand prevention simulation pressure testing device
CN102606139A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 中国石油大学(华东) Underwater wellhead system load test device and test method thereof
CN103063422A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-24 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Sand control screen sand-blocking precision detecting device and detecting method
CN103397874A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 中国海洋石油总公司 Experimental apparatus used for chemical sand control and consolidation evaluation
CN103410483A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-11-27 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Evaluation device and method for sand controlling effect of screen pipe of horizontal well
CN103452533A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Visual simulation test device for horizontal well gravel packing
CN105021513A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-04 中国海洋石油总公司 Full-size sand-prevention high-temperature and high-pressure steam simulation system
CN106596312A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Prediction method for erosion life of sand control screen pipe in perforation completion gas well
CN107367450A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-11-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of expandable screen pipe performance detection experimental provision and evaluation method
CN107420096A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-12-01 中国石油大学(北京) The physical simulation experiment device and its method of horizontal well multi-stage water power successively pressure break

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102243190B (en) * 2010-05-12 2013-04-24 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Test device for high-temperature and high-pressure inspection and evaluation of sand-preventing material
CN102243190A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Test device for high-temperature and high-pressure inspection and evaluation of sand-preventing material
CN102242628A (en) * 2010-05-12 2011-11-16 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Multilayered oil well sand prevention simulation pressure testing device
CN102242628B (en) * 2010-05-12 2014-01-15 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Multilayered oil well sand prevention simulation pressure testing device
CN102003174B (en) * 2010-09-19 2013-04-24 中国海洋石油总公司 Simulated experiment device of three-dimension radial flow sieve tube
CN102003174A (en) * 2010-09-19 2011-04-06 中国海洋石油总公司 Simulated experiment device of three-dimension radial flow sieve tube
CN102606139A (en) * 2012-03-02 2012-07-25 中国石油大学(华东) Underwater wellhead system load test device and test method thereof
CN102606139B (en) * 2012-03-02 2014-08-06 中国石油大学(华东) Underwater wellhead system load test device and test method thereof
CN103063422A (en) * 2012-12-24 2013-04-24 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Sand control screen sand-blocking precision detecting device and detecting method
CN103410483B (en) * 2013-07-25 2016-01-06 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Horizontal well sieve tube sand controlling result evaluating apparatus and method
CN103410483A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-11-27 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Evaluation device and method for sand controlling effect of screen pipe of horizontal well
CN103452533A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Visual simulation test device for horizontal well gravel packing
CN103397874B (en) * 2013-08-06 2016-05-25 中国海洋石油总公司 The solid sand evaluation experimental device of chemical sand control
CN103397874A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 中国海洋石油总公司 Experimental apparatus used for chemical sand control and consolidation evaluation
CN103452533B (en) * 2013-08-06 2016-01-06 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Visual horizontal well gravel fills simulation test device
CN105021513A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-04 中国海洋石油总公司 Full-size sand-prevention high-temperature and high-pressure steam simulation system
CN105021513B (en) * 2015-08-03 2017-11-21 中国海洋石油总公司 A kind of full-scale high temperature and high pressure steam is handled up sand control simulation system
CN107367450A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-11-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of expandable screen pipe performance detection experimental provision and evaluation method
CN106596312A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-04-26 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Prediction method for erosion life of sand control screen pipe in perforation completion gas well
CN107420096A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-12-01 中国石油大学(北京) The physical simulation experiment device and its method of horizontal well multi-stage water power successively pressure break

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Granted publication date: 20080806