CN201055623Y - Automatic fire-extinguishing system of ultra-fine dry powder for oil tank - Google Patents

Automatic fire-extinguishing system of ultra-fine dry powder for oil tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201055623Y
CN201055623Y CNU2007201540182U CN200720154018U CN201055623Y CN 201055623 Y CN201055623 Y CN 201055623Y CN U2007201540182 U CNU2007201540182 U CN U2007201540182U CN 200720154018 U CN200720154018 U CN 200720154018U CN 201055623 Y CN201055623 Y CN 201055623Y
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China
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storage tank
fire extinguishing
oil tank
gas cylinder
dry powder
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Expired - Lifetime
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CNU2007201540182U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋明韬
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Zhu Hengbin
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Zhu Hengbin
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a super fine powder automatic fire extinguishing system used for an oil storage tank. The utility model mainly comprises a starting component and a fire extinguishing device which is connected with the starting component. The starting component comprises a temperature susceptibility starting component and a machine dimensions hammer driving component. The temperature susceptibility starting component is arranged in the oil storage tank. The machine dimensions hammer driving component is connected with the temperature susceptibility starting component by a steel wire rope. The fire extinguishing device comprises an air storage tank, a fire extinguishing agent storage tank, a fire extinguishing agent conveying pipe and a shower nozzle which is arranged in the oil storage tank. The machine dimensions hammer driving component is connected with the air storage tank by a valve. The air storage tank is connected with the fire extinguishing agent storage tank by a pressure gas transmission. The fire extinguishing agent storage tank is connected with the shower nozzle in the oil storage tank by the fire extinguishing agent conveying pipe. The system has two starting functions which are temperature susceptibility automatic starting and manual emergency starting. The utility model not only is capable of automatically extinguishing an oil storage tank fire disaster but also has high extinguishing efficiency, high extinguishing speed and good recrudescence prevention effect.

Description

Oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of oil tank automatic fire extinguishing system, relates in particular to a kind of oil tank ultra-fine dry powder fire extinguishing system.
Background technology
The fire extinguishing system of modern oil tank mainly contains froth fire extinguishing system, smoke extinguishing system, powder extinguishing system.Froth fire extinguishing system is that water and foam mixing liquid are mixed the generation foam, in oil tank, leans on foam delivery the effect of a large amount of foam coverage starvations to reach the purpose that stamps out a fire, its fire-fighting efficiency is low, blow-off velocity is slow, and equipment is huge, thereby range of application is restricted.Smoke extinguishing system, produce a large amount of smog with burning, put out a fire by pipeline input oil tank, though overcome the defective that the froth fire extinguishing system blow-off velocity is slow, efficient is low, equipment is huge,, had the outlet temperature height because of itself being exactly burning things which may cause a fire disaster, lead " hot related reaction " problems such as smoke pipe easily bursts, and because with the fuse ignition smoke extinguishing agent, and fuse cord long back standing time moisture-sensitive, the problem that easy generation is not ignited.Common ammonium phosphate salt ABC powder extinguishing system, because the ammonium phosphate salt ABC powder extinguishing agent that fills in the system, total flooding is used minimum extinguishing concentration and is needed 650g/m 3, effect is undesirable, and it is big that common dry powder ammonium phosphate salt particle diameter is generally between the 15 μ m-75 μ m mass particle, and have " lipophile ", and extinguishing chemical discharges the back by oil absorption, and major part sinks to the oil end, anti-resume combustion weak effect.
The oil tank automatic fire extinguishing system generally is made up of start assembly, extinguishing device etc.The start assembly of oil tank automatic fire extinguishing system adopts electricity to start or the fuse cord Starting mode more at present, and all there is inherent shortcoming in dual mode.Because the spark that electrical equipment produces easily causes oil gas flash burn, blast, system electricity consumption district is a non-Electric region near the oil tank so exceed in the store oil tank field.The fire extinguishing system that electricity consumption starts is used for oil tank, need establish special supply line, has not only increased a large amount of expenses, and has brought potential safety hazard to oil tank.With the fire extinguishing system that fuse cord starts, low-response after the condition of a fire appears, starts untimely, even the appearance problem that do not respond, do not start.Now also all there is inherent shortcoming in Chang Yong oil tank extinguishing chemical that fire extinguishing system adopts: fire foam needs huge equipment, and fire-fighting efficiency is low, speed is slow; There is the potential safety hazard of " hot related reaction " in smoke extinguishing agent; Common ammonium phosphate salt ABC powder extinguishing agent is prevented the resume combustion weak effect.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system, and this system not only can put out the oil tank fire automatically, and fire-fighting efficiency height, blow-off velocity are fast, and anti-resume combustion is effective.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, oil tank of the present utility model mainly comprises start assembly and the extinguishing device that links to each other with described start assembly with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system, wherein said start assembly comprises temperature-sensitive start assembly and machine hammer driven unit, described temperature-sensitive start assembly is located in the oil tank, and described machine hammer driven unit links to each other with described temperature-sensitive start assembly by steel wire rope; Described extinguishing device comprises gas cylinder, foamite storage tank, extinguishing chemical carrier pipe and is located at the interior shower nozzle of oil tank; The machine hammer driven unit is connected with gas cylinder by valve, and gas cylinder is connected to foamite storage tank by the pressure appendix, and foamite storage tank is connected to shower nozzle in the oil tank by the extinguishing chemical carrier pipe.
Further, oil tank of the present utility model can also have following characteristics with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system: described start assembly also is provided with the emergency starting handle, and described emergency starting handle is located between described machine hammer driven unit and the described gas cylinder bottleneck.
Further, oil tank of the present utility model can also have following characteristics with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system: described extinguishing chemical carrier pipe links to each other with a plurality of described shower nozzles simultaneously.
Further, oil tank of the present utility model can also have following characteristics with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system: the number of described foamite storage tank can be for one or more, and described a plurality of foamite storage tanks all link to each other with gas cylinder by the pressure appendix.
Further, oil tank of the present utility model can also have following characteristics with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system: described extinguishing device also comprises the startup gas cylinder, described startup gas cylinder is located between described start assembly and the described gas cylinder, is used to start described gas cylinder.
Oil tank of the present utility model ultra-fine dry powder fire extinguishing system has overcome the inherent shortcoming of fire extinguishing system in the past, realizes the automatical and efficient function of putting out the oil tank fire.This fire extinguishing system has that temperature-sensitive starts automatically, manual-operated emergent starts two kinds and starts functions.Adopt temperature-sensitive start assembly and machine hammer driven unit to start, automatically detection of fires, discharge the extinguishing chemical fire extinguishing automatically, machine hammer passive drive device starts, not electricity consumption, without fuse cord starts quick quick.Also can adopt simultaneously manual-operated emergent to start fire extinguishing.
During the fire extinguishing system fire extinguishing, drive the release ultra-fine dry powder with nitrogen, operating pressure 1.4MPa belongs to the operating on low voltage scope, and is safe and reliable.Ultra-fine dry powder extinguishing agent is released in the oil tank, forms cold air sol, and its minimum extinguishing concentration is 60g/m 3, blow-off velocity≤10s shrouds flammable pasta with the cold air sol as the thick fog in the flame of moment extinguish combustion, suppress the resume combustion of fire, but and suspend to cover with a large amount of micropowders and shroud the surface of fuel oil, but prevent the fuel oil resume combustion.Extinguishing chemical has cooling and dilution oil gas in fire extinguishing, suppress the effect of blast.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of an embodiment (single basin) of oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another embodiment (two basin) of fire extinguishing system of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the fire extinguishing system of the present utility model of a plurality of shower nozzles is installed;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of many tools fire extinguishing system Application of Linkage Control of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the workflow diagram of fire extinguishing system of the present utility model.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing oil tank of the present utility model is done detailed description with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system.
The specific embodiment
The main points of the technical scheme that the utility model adopted are: a kind of oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system is provided, and this system has the temperature-sensitive startup, manual-operated emergent starts two kinds and starts functions, and it is reliable rapidly to detect the burning things which may cause a fire disaster signal, and extinguishing device starts fast.Extinguishing chemical is selected the fire-fighting efficiency height for use, can suppress the ultra-fine ABC powder extinguishing agent of resume combustion.
Shown in Fig. 1 embodiment of the present utility model (single basin), automatic fire extinguishing system comprises start assembly and extinguishing device 17, start assembly comprises temperature-sensitive start assembly 1 and machine hammer driven unit 2, temperature-sensitive start assembly 1 is located in the oil tank 20, and machine hammer driven unit 2 links to each other with temperature-sensitive start assembly 1 by steel wire rope 16.Extinguishing device 17 mainly comprises gas cylinder 5, foamite storage tank 9, extinguishing chemical carrier pipe 11 and is located at shower nozzle 12 in the oil tank 20.Machine hammer driven unit 2 is connected with gas cylinder 5 by bottle valve 4, and gas cylinder 5 is connected to foamite storage tank 9 by pressure appendix 8, and foamite storage tank 9 is connected to the interior shower nozzle 12 of oil tank 20 by extinguishing chemical carrier pipe 11.
Temperature-sensitive start assembly 1 is used to respond to detection of fires.Machine hammer driven unit 2 is used to drive the bottle valve 4 of gas cylinder 5.Gas cylinder 5 is used for storage pressure nitrogen or other inert gas.Foamite storage tank 9 is used to store ultra-fine ABC powder extinguishing agent.Extinguishing chemical carrier pipe 11 set pneumatic ball valves 10 are used to control the release of extinguishing chemical.
Wherein, foamite storage tank 9 also is provided with safety valve 7, and safety valve 7 is used to guard not superpressure work of foamite storage tank.In concrete enforcement, preferably, between gas cylinder 5 and foamite storage tank 9, also be provided with pressure reducer 6, pressure reducer 6 is used for the pressure nitrogen gas of gas cylinder 5 design load that reduces pressure.
This fire extinguishing system also can adopt manual-operated emergent to start fire extinguishing simultaneously.The manual-operated emergent that emergency starting handle 3 is used in particular cases starts.
Shown in Fig. 2 another embodiment of the present utility model (two basin), fire extinguishing system among this embodiment comprises two gas cylinders 5 and two foamite storage tanks 9 that are connected, as shown in FIG., between gas cylinder 5 and foamite storage tank 9, also be provided with startup gas cylinder 15, start gas cylinder 15 and be used to start gas cylinder 5 outside discharge pressure nitrogen.Foamite storage tank 9 is provided with pressure display unit 13, is used to show the pressure in the foamite storage tank 9.Be provided with high pressure valve 18 between pressure appendix 8 and pressure reducer 6, be provided with and low pressure valve 19 between pressure reducer 6 and the foamite storage tank 9, high pressure valve 18 is used to control the break-make of gas cylinder 5 to pressure reducer 6 air-flows.Low pressure valve 19 is used to control the break-make of pressure reducer 6 to foamite storage tank 9 air-flows.
As shown in Figure 3, when the pasta of oil tank 20 is big, reach extinguishing concentration for making extinguishing chemical each position moment oil tank 20 in, extinguishing device 17 can be installed a plurality of shower nozzles 12, and 11 whiles of extinguishing chemical carrier pipe link to each other with a plurality of shower nozzles 12.
As shown in Figure 4, when the volume of oil tank 20 is big, many tools fire extinguishing system Application of Linkage Control can be installed.Extinguishing device 17 is installed on outside the oil tank 20, can lean on oil tank 20 walls to install, and also can be placed in oil tank 20 place nearby.
As shown in Figure 5, oil tank of the present utility model is described below with the course of work of ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system:
Breaking out of fire in oil tank 20, when temperature reaches 110 ℃ in jar, the low-melting alloy that is located at the temperature-sensitive start assembly 1 of 20 li of oil tanks comes off automatically, the steel wire rope 16 that connects machine hammer driven unit 2 glides automatically, machine hammer driven unit 2 is by the unlatching of bottle valve 4 control gas cylinders 5, startup gas cylinder 15 or gas cylinder 5 are opened automatically, and gas cylinder 5 is opened its inner Compressed Gas (as inert gases such as nitrogen) of back and is passed through pressure appendix 8 to foamite storage tank 9 charge pressure nitrogen.When the air pressure in the foamite storage tank 9 reached setting value, the ultra-fine dry powder extinguishing agent in the foamite storage tank 9 began to discharge, and pneumatic ball valve 10 is opened automatically, and ultra-fine dry powder extinguishing agent spurts fire extinguishing by extinguishing chemical carrier pipe 11 by the shower nozzle 12 that is located at 20 li of oil tanks.
Oil tank of the present utility model with the ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system have that temperature-sensitive starts automatically, manual-operated emergent starts two kinds and starts functions.The structure of extinguishing device comprises multiple patterns such as single basin and two basins, and a plurality of shower nozzles can be installed, and also can many tool interlocks use.Filling ultra-fine dry powder extinguishing agent in the extinguishing device, is driving body with the compressed nitrogen, operating pressure 1.4MPa, and the total flooding fire extinguishing effectively prevents the fire resume combustion again, and fire extinguishing speed is 60 times of fixed froth installation, and fire-fighting efficiency is 10 times of common dry powder extinguishing installation.

Claims (5)

1. oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system, mainly comprise start assembly and the extinguishing device that links to each other with described start assembly, it is characterized in that, described start assembly comprises temperature-sensitive start assembly and machine hammer driven unit, described temperature-sensitive start assembly is located in the oil tank, and described machine hammer driven unit links to each other with described temperature-sensitive start assembly by steel wire rope; Described extinguishing device comprises gas cylinder, foamite storage tank, extinguishing chemical carrier pipe and is located at the interior shower nozzle of oil tank; The machine hammer driven unit is connected with gas cylinder by valve, and gas cylinder is connected to foamite storage tank by the pressure appendix, and foamite storage tank is connected to shower nozzle in the oil tank by the extinguishing chemical carrier pipe.
2. oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described start assembly also is provided with the emergency starting handle, and described emergency starting handle is located between described machine hammer driven unit and the described gas cylinder bottleneck.
3. oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described extinguishing chemical carrier pipe links to each other with a plurality of described shower nozzles simultaneously.
4. oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the number of described foamite storage tank can be for one or more, and described a plurality of foamite storage tanks all link to each other with gas cylinder by the pressure appendix.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described oil tank ultra-fine dry powder automatic fire extinguishing systems, it is characterized in that described extinguishing device also comprises the startup gas cylinder, described startup gas cylinder is located between described start assembly and the described gas cylinder, is used to start described gas cylinder.
CNU2007201540182U 2007-05-22 2007-05-22 Automatic fire-extinguishing system of ultra-fine dry powder for oil tank Expired - Lifetime CN201055623Y (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101884829A (en) * 2010-06-28 2010-11-17 杨杨 Installation process of oil loading rack fire-extinguishing system of rail tank car
CN101983740A (en) * 2010-11-01 2011-03-09 福建天广消防科技股份有限公司 Superfine dry powder cold aerosol automatic fire-extinguishing system
CN102039018B (en) * 2009-10-16 2012-07-04 陈来明 Gas circuit integrated system for injection device
CN102886112A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-01-23 国安达消防科技(厦门)有限公司 Dual-drive multi-nozzle automatic pipe network fire extinguishing device
CN103263743A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-28 林泉 Indoor dry powder intelligent fire extinguishing system
CN104906733A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-16 福建新偌环境科技有限公司 Full-covering double-medium fire extinguishing system of large-scale oil storage tank
CN107456682A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-12-12 深圳市中创镁工程技术有限公司 A kind of roll-casting of magnesium alloy machine extinguishing device
CN110575631A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-17 芜湖中集瑞江汽车有限公司 Tank fire safety device
CN110870958A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN110870955A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN110870956A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing device and fire extinguishing method
CN110870957A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN112044003A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 四川建安伟业建筑工程有限公司 Cable tunnel fire protection system
CN113101571A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-07-13 悟空智能科技常州有限公司 Dry powder fire extinguishing control system for intelligent robot

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102039018B (en) * 2009-10-16 2012-07-04 陈来明 Gas circuit integrated system for injection device
CN101884829B (en) * 2010-06-28 2015-04-22 杨杨 Installation process of oil loading rack fire-extinguishing system of rail tank car
CN101884829A (en) * 2010-06-28 2010-11-17 杨杨 Installation process of oil loading rack fire-extinguishing system of rail tank car
CN101983740A (en) * 2010-11-01 2011-03-09 福建天广消防科技股份有限公司 Superfine dry powder cold aerosol automatic fire-extinguishing system
CN101983740B (en) * 2010-11-01 2012-10-10 天广消防股份有限公司 Superfine dry powder cold aerosol automatic fire-extinguishing system
CN102886112B (en) * 2011-07-20 2016-04-06 国安达股份有限公司 A kind of Dual Drive multi-port pipe network automatic extinguishing device
CN102886112A (en) * 2011-07-20 2013-01-23 国安达消防科技(厦门)有限公司 Dual-drive multi-nozzle automatic pipe network fire extinguishing device
CN103263743A (en) * 2013-05-16 2013-08-28 林泉 Indoor dry powder intelligent fire extinguishing system
CN103263743B (en) * 2013-05-16 2015-09-09 林泉 Indoor dry powder Intelligent fire extinguishing system
CN104906733A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-16 福建新偌环境科技有限公司 Full-covering double-medium fire extinguishing system of large-scale oil storage tank
CN107456682A (en) * 2017-08-14 2017-12-12 深圳市中创镁工程技术有限公司 A kind of roll-casting of magnesium alloy machine extinguishing device
CN110870958A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN110870955A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN110870956A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing device and fire extinguishing method
CN110870957A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Storage tank fire extinguishing system and fire extinguishing method
CN110575631A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-12-17 芜湖中集瑞江汽车有限公司 Tank fire safety device
CN112044003A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 四川建安伟业建筑工程有限公司 Cable tunnel fire protection system
CN113101571A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-07-13 悟空智能科技常州有限公司 Dry powder fire extinguishing control system for intelligent robot

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Granted publication date: 20080507