液压沉箱式升降车库技术领域本实用新型提供一种液压沉箱式升降车库,属液压简易升降式立体停车设备类。 Hydraulic lift garage caisson Field The present invention provides a hydraulic lift caisson garage, is a simple hydraulic lift parking device class. 背景技术在目前简易升降式立体车库中，大多采用电机链轮链条升降驱动，且通常一组载车板需配一组驱动单元。 Background Art In the current simple lifting stereo garage, use the lifting drive motor sprocket chain, and typically a set of carrier plate to be equipped with a set of vehicle drive unit. 此类停车设备缺点是：有着较复杂的钢结构、噪音大， 停车密度较低，生产成本较高等不足之处。 The disadvantage is that such parking facilities: has a more complex steel structures, noise, low parking density, higher production costs and other deficiencies. 近年来为节省城市停车占地空间，出现了各种各样的简易升降式立体停车库，它们大多是从升降横移式车库技术演变而来的。 In recent years, in order to save the city parking floor space, appeared in a variety of simple lifting parking equipment, most of them from lifting and transferring garage technology evolved. 这种升降驱动基本采用电机链轮链条驱动方式，其缺点通常有：钢结构复杂、 制造成本高、停车密度低、占地空间大、噪音大、外形不美观，且每组载车板通常需要单独配置一套驱动单元，相应的成本也就高了。 This basic lifting drive with motor sprocket chain drive system, which usually has drawbacks: complexity of steel structures, high manufacturing costs, low parking density, large floor space, noise, unsightly appearance, and each carrier plate is typically required vehicle a driving unit configured separately, the corresponding cost also high. 经检索中国专利，有关升降式立体停车库方面的发明很多，但它们的结构和形状都与本实用新型涉及的液压沉箱式升降车库不相同。 Chinese Patent retrieved, the invention related to aspect elevating parking lot, but they are not the same structure and shape of the present invention relates to a garage hydraulic lift the caisson. 发明内容本实用新型的目的旨在克服现有技术不足之处，提供一种液压沉箱式升降车库, 它可为一台液压机驱动一台车库或由一液压站驱动多台车库，并具有整体式升降可位于地面和地上二层或者下沉地下为地面和地下二层。 The present invention is aimed at overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art, there is provided a hydraulic lift caisson garage, which may be a hydraulic drive a garage or garage driven by a plurality of hydraulic station, and having integral lift can be located on the ground floor and on the ground or sink to the ground floor and underground floor. 本实用新型的载车板，其大小和形状可以根据需停放车辆的多少以及地面空间进行灵活设计。 The present invention car carrier plate size and shape can be flexibly designed according to how much floor space required and the vehicle is parked. 本实用新型解决了通常简易升降式车库取上层车辆时，下层车辆必须开走不能停车的问题。 The present invention solves the problem of simple movements usually take the upper garage when the vehicle drove off the lower vehicles must not stop. 本实用新型的具体技术方案是： 一种液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：每一组车库为单独控制和/或独立结构，它包括：由柱塞式液压缸的缸体4和液压杆5组成的前立柱，由导向槽1和导向柱2组成的后立柱，以及上载车板3、下载车板6、 平衡链装置7、地坑基座8和外部液压站构成；其中：前立柱和后立柱有二组，分别对称布置在车板的两侧；地坑基座8、导向槽1分别竖直固定在车库地坑的地面上；由上载车板3、下载车板6、导向柱2和缸体4组成活动钢架，在液压作用下沿导向槽l、液压杆5呈整体式升降到地上或下沉到地下。 This particular aspect of the invention is: a hydraulic lift garage caisson, characterized in that: each group is separately controlled garage and / or an independent structure, comprising: a cylinder 4 and a piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder of the formula the front pillar 5 consisting, after the guide groove 1 and the guide post 2 composed of the column, and the carrier board 3, download cart plate 6, the balance chain means 7, pit base 8 and external hydraulic station configuration; wherein: the front pillar and the rear pillar has two groups, are symmetrically arranged on both sides of the car plate; pit base 8, a vertical guide groove 1 are secured to the floor of the garage pit; board 3 by an upload, download cart plate 6, guide column 2 and the cylinder 4 which activity steel, under hydraulic pressure L along the guide groove, the rod 5 as a hydraulic lifting integrally to sink into the ground or floor. 上述的前立柱为柱塞式液压缸，液压缸的缸体与上下载车板连接；液压杆5的下端/活塞杆的外端部与固定在地坑上的地坑基座8铰接。 The above-described front pillar plunger hydraulic cylinder, the cylinder of the hydraulic cylinder is connected on the download car plate; a lower end fixed to an outer end portion of the rod 5 of the hydraulic / piston rod in the pit of pit hinge base 8. 单组液压站可驱动三组以上的液压缸动作。 May drive a single set of hydraulic cylinders three or more sets of operation.
所述的液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：所述的导向柱2可下沉入/套入导向槽1中，上下端分别与上载车板3和下载车板6连固。 The hydraulic garage lift caisson, characterized in that: said guide post 2 may sink into / set into the guide groove 1, respectively upper and lower end plate 3 and the upper car carrier plate 6 even download cart solid. 所述的液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：所述的平衡链装置7—般包括平衡链条9、齿条IO、前链轮ll、齿条挡轮12、后链轮13和导向轮14构成；其中前链轮11、齿条挡轮12、后链轮13和导向轮14固定在下载车板6上；左右两个前链轮11之间呈轴向刚性连接。 The hydraulic garage lift caisson, characterized in that: the balancing means 7- chain like the chain 9 comprises a balance, the IO rack, front sprocket ll, the rack gear wheel 12, rear sprocket wheel 14 and the guide 13 configuration; wherein the front sprocket 11, the rack gear wheel 12, rear sprocket wheel 14 and the guide 13 is fixed to the plate 6 download cart; 11 were axially rigid connection between the right and left two front sprockets. 所述的液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：所述平衡链条9的上端固定在导向槽1上端，并依次绕过导向轮14、后链轮13、前链轮11，端部固定在地坑基座8 上；平衡链条9所绕形式成Z字形。 The hydraulic garage lift caisson, characterized in that: the upper end of the balance of the chain guide 9 is fixed to the upper tank 1, passes around the guide wheel 14, the rear sprocket 13, front sprocket 11, an end portion fixed to the ground on the base pits 8; Z-shaped form to the balance of the chain 9 wound. 所述的液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于:所述齿条10下端与地坑基座8铰接，而在齿条10的上端非齿面侧设置齿条挡轮12，齿条挡轮12固定在下载车板6上， 它与前链轮11一起限制齿条10的前后摆动。 The hydraulic garage lift caisson, characterized in that: the rack 10 and the lower end of the pit is hinged base 8, and the upper end of the rack 10 provided on the side of the rack gear wheel 12 faces the non-tooth rack gear wheel 12 Download car fixed plate 6, the front and rear of the rack 10 which limits the pivot 11 with front sprocket. 在前立柱（液压缸）处设置了同步液压缸用的齿条结构。 (Hydraulic cylinder) is provided at the cylinder of the rack structure synchronization with the front pillar. 本实用新型与现有的简易升降式立体车库相比，具有以下积极效果。 The present invention is simple compared with the conventional lift parking garage, has a positive effect. 1、 采用液压驱动，具有噪音小、运行平稳、可靠性好优点。 1, hydraulic drive, with low noise, smooth operation, reliability advantages. 2、 单组液压站可驱动三组以上的液压缸动作，成本低廉。 2, a single set of hydraulic station may drive three or more sets of cylinders operation, and low cost. 3、 以液压缸作为前立柱、并采用平衡链结构，使得车库的钢结构更为简练，同时降低了成本。 3, hydraulic cylinder is used as the front pillar, and the balanced chain structure, such that the steel garage more concise, while reducing costs. 4、 在前立柱（液压缸）处设置了同步液压缸用的齿条结构，大大提高车库的运行稳定性。 4, the front pillar (hydraulic cylinder) is provided at the cylinder synchronous with a rack structure, which greatly improves the stability of operation of the garage. 5、 它解决了通常简易升降式车库取上层车辆时，下层车辆必须开走不能停车的问题，具有结构简练、成本低廉、运行可靠、安装简单等优点。 5, it is usually easy to solve the lift car garage when the upper layer, the lower the vehicle can not be driven away parking problems, with simple in structure, low cost, reliable, easy to install and so on. 附图说明图1为本实用新型的侧视示意图。 1 shows a schematic side view of the novel present invention. 图2为图1的俯视示意图。 FIG 2 is a top view of FIG. 1. 图3为图1中平衡链装置7的布置图。 FIG 3 is a balanced chain arrangement of FIG. 7 apparatus. 图4为本实用新型的停车示意图。 FIG 4 is a schematic view of the parking invention. 具体实施方式下面结合附图进一步详细描述本实用新型的技术内容和实施例。 Technical content of the present invention and embodiments are further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings DETAILED DESCRIPTION.
一种液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：单独控制的每组车库包括：由柱塞式液压缸的缸体4和液压杆5组成的前立柱、由导向槽1和导向柱2组成的后立柱， 以及上载车板3、下载车板6、平衡链装置7、地坑基座8;其中地坑基座8和导向槽1固定在地坑地面上。 A hydraulic lift garage caisson, characterized in that: each of the individual control garage comprising: a front pillar 4 by the cylinder 5 and the hydraulic ram cylinder rod of the composition, the guide post and a guide groove consisting of 2 column, and the carrier board 3, download cart plate 6, the balance chain means 7, 8 pit base; wherein the pit and guide groove 8 of the base 1 is fixed on the pit floor. 上载车板3、下载车板6、导向柱2和缸体4组成活动钢架。 The carrier board 3, download cart plate 6, the guide post 4 and the cylinder 2 composed of steel activities. 活动钢架可在液压推动下沿导向槽l、液压杆5上下活动。 Activities l steel along the guide groove in a hydraulic driven, hydraulic rod 5 up and down. 当液压缸充油/泄油时， 活动刚架整体作上升/下降运动，实现存取下/上车位车辆功能。 When the oil-filled cylinder / drain, the overall activity Frame for ascending / descending motion, to realize the access / on the vehicle parking function. 如图3所示，平衡链装置7由平衡链条8、齿条IO、前链轮ll、齿条挡轮12、 后链轮13和导向轮14组成。 3, the balancing means 7 by the balance of the chain link 8, the IO rack, front sprocket ll, the rack gear wheel 12, rear sprocket wheel 14 and the guide 13 composed. 其中前链轮ll、齿条挡轮12、后链轮13和导向轮14 固定在下载车板6上；左右两前链轮11之间采用轴刚性连接。 Wherein the front sprocket 6 ll, the rack gear wheel 12, rear sprocket wheel 13 and the guide plate 14 is fixed to download cart; using a rigid connection between the shaft 11 about two front sprockets. 平衡链条9的上端固定在导向槽l上，依次绕过导向槽1上的导向轮14、后链轮13、前链轮ll;另一端与地坑基座8固定，成Z字形布置。 The upper end of the balance of the chain 9 is fixed to the guide grooves L, passes around the guide wheel on the guide groove 114, the rear sprocket 13, the front sprocket LL; the other end of the fixed base 8 and the pit, a Z-shaped arrangement. 在前链轮后侧配置了齿条10。 Front and rear sides of the rack sprocket wheel 10 arranged. 齿条10下端同地坑基座8铰接，而在齿条10的上端非齿面侧设置齿条挡轮12，齿条挡轮12固定在下载车板6上，它与前链轮11一起限制齿条10的前后摆动。 The rack 10 with the lower end of the pit is hinged base 8, and the upper end of the rack 10 provided on the side of the rack gear wheel 12 faces the non-tooth rack gear wheel 12 fixed to download cart plate 6, which together with the front sprocket 11 before and after the restriction rack 10 swings. 齿条IO、齿条挡轮12、前链轮ll一起工作，起导向、同步液压缸的作用。 The IO rack, the rack gear wheel 12, a front sprocket ll work together, from the guide, the role of the hydraulic cylinder synchronization. 当液压站向液压缸供油时，液压缸将活动刚架前端顶起。 When the hydraulic oil to the hydraulic cylinder, the movable cylinder distal from the top Frame. 此时，在平衡链装置的作用下，活动刚架后端沿后立柱的导向槽同时升起。 At this time, under the action of chain balance apparatus, after the rear end of activity along the column Frame guide grooves simultaneously raised. 当上升到位时，即可取下层载车板上车辆。 When the rise in place, and the lower layer to the carrier vehicle or trailer. 反之，当液压站控制液压缸卸油时，活动刚架平稳下降。 Conversely, when the hydraulic control cylinder unloading station, Frame activity decreased steadily. 到位时即可取上层载车板上车辆。 It can take the upper panel of the vehicle when the vehicle load in place. 所述的液压站为一独立动力单元，它通过液压管道同多组液压缸相连，安装位置可根据现场要求调整。 The hydraulic station is an independent power unit, which is connected with the plurality of sets of hydraulic cylinder via a hydraulic conduit, the mounting position can be adjusted according to site requirements. 所述的液压沉箱式升降车库，其特征在于：所述的上载车板3、下载车板6 — 般由成型波纹板拼装而成，它的大小和形状可以根据需停放车辆的多少以及地面的空间来确定。 The hydraulic garage lift caisson, characterized in that: said upper carrier board 3, the plate 6 download vehicle - as a molding assembly made of corrugated board, its size and shape can be according to the number of parked vehicles and the ground should space is determined. 本实用新型提供的液压沉箱式升降车库，仅就最佳的实施例子做了详细的描述， 但不能理解为对本实用新型实施的其他方式的限制，凡是在本实用新型基础上进一步的改进和类似或雷同的方案，均视为是本实用新型请求保护的范围。 Hydraulic lift caisson present invention provides a garage, only for the best examples a detailed description of embodiments, but can not be construed as limiting the present embodiment to other embodiment of the invention, all further modifications and the like on the basis of the present invention or similar programs are considered to be the scope of the invention as claimed.