CN1995318A - Anerobic type biological reactor - Google Patents

Anerobic type biological reactor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1995318A
CN1995318A CN 200610170924 CN200610170924A CN1995318A CN 1995318 A CN1995318 A CN 1995318A CN 200610170924 CN200610170924 CN 200610170924 CN 200610170924 A CN200610170924 A CN 200610170924A CN 1995318 A CN1995318 A CN 1995318A
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tank
fermentation tank
opened
fermentation
ferment
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CN1995318B (en
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徐伟
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徐伟
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/02Percolation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • C12M41/24Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes inside the vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/30Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of concentration
    • C12M41/36Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of concentration of biomass, e.g. colony counters or by turbidity measurements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/40Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of pressure

Abstract

The invention discloses an anaerobic biological reacting tank, which comprises the following parts: ferment tank, bleeding liquid collecting tank to fix ferment tank, baffle between ferment tank and bleeding liquid collecting tank, through-out hole on the baffle, wherein the bleeding liquid sampling sample and constant humidity sprinkling outlet are opened on the lateral wall of bleeding liquid collecting tank; the ferment sampling hole and temperature gauging hole are opened on the middle part of lateral wall of ferment tank; the constant warm water outlet, discharge are opened on the lateral wall of ferment tank bottom; the constant warm water inlet, charge and constant humidity sprinkling inlet are set on the ferment tank; the top wall of ferment tank possesses timely stirring sleeve, flow gauging interface, pressure measuring interface; the coiler is set in the ferment tank.

Description

厌氧型生物反应罐 Anaerobic biological reaction tank

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种生物反应器,尤其涉及一种厌氧型生物反应器中的厌氧型生物反应罐。 The present invention relates to a biological reactor, and more particularly relates to an anaerobic bioreactor in the anaerobic biological reaction tank.

背景技术 Background technique

由于城市中的垃圾随意堆放,垃圾中的污染物质会通过蒸发进入大气、通过吸附进入土壤、通过渗透或地表径流进入水体。 Because dumping of urban waste, waste contaminants will enter the atmosphere by evaporation, by adsorption into the soil, or by infiltration into the water runoff. 进入大气和水体的污染物,会通过人的呼吸、饮水进入人体,对人造成危害;进入土壤里的污染物会通过人们接触土壤和食用被污染的农产品而危害人的健康。 Pollutants into the air and water, the people's will through breathing, drinking water enters the body, causing harm to people; contaminants into the soil and will harm people's health by people in contact with the soil and the consumption of contaminated agricultural products. 另外,进入大气、土壤和水体中的污染物也会通过蒸发、沉降、扬尘、沉积、渗透等方式相互传递、交叉污染。 Further, into the atmosphere, pollution of soil and water will pass each other by evaporation, settling, dust deposition, infiltration, etc., cross-contamination.

目前,我国仅“城市垃圾”的年产量就近1.5亿吨,这些垃圾绝大部分是露天堆放,约有2/3的城市陷入垃圾围城的困境,城市垃圾不仅造成公害,更是资源的巨大浪费。 At present, China only "municipal waste" near 150 million tons of annual production, most of which are open dumps garbage, about two-thirds of the troubled city garbage siege, municipal waste not only cause pollution, it is a huge waste of resources . 为处理露天堆放的生活垃圾通常采用生物反应填埋技术,生物反应填埋技术根据填埋垃圾被微生物降解的机理和过程,利用填埋场这一天然的微生物活动场所,通过一系列手段优化填埋场内部环境使其成为一个可控生物反应器,为微生物大量繁殖提供一个最优的生存空间。 For the treatment of open dumps garbage usually bioreactor landfill technology, landfill bioreactor landfill technology based on microbial degradation by mechanisms and procedures, use of this natural microbial landfill activities, through a series of tools to optimize fill landfill inside a controlled environment makes it a bioreactor, to provide an optimal living space for a large number of microorganisms multiply.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种能对现有城市生活垃圾进行小型模拟实验,研究其生存周期内各项技术指标,为垃圾场卫生填埋技术提供技术依据的厌氧型生物反应器中的厌氧型生物反应罐。 The purpose of the invention is to provide a small-scale simulation experiments carried out on the existing municipal solid waste, study the technical indicators in their life cycle, providing technical anaerobic bioreactor is based in disgust as landfill sanitary landfill technology oxygen tank bioreactor.

为实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案为:一种厌氧型生物反应罐,其中包括发酵罐体,其特征在于:发酵罐体下面固定连接有渗沥液收集罐,发酵罐体与渗沥液收集罐之间安装有隔板,隔板上开有通孔;渗沥液收集罐的侧壁上开有渗沥液取样口和恒湿度喷淋液出口;发酵罐体中部的侧壁上开有发酵取样口和温度测量口,发酵罐体下部的侧壁上开有恒温水出口、出料口,发酵罐体上部的侧壁上开有恒温水入口、入料口和恒湿度喷淋液入口,发酵罐体的顶壁上开有定时搅拌轴套、流量测量接口、压力测量接口;发酵罐体内安装有盘管,盘管的上口与恒温水入口相通,盘管的下口与恒温水出口相通。 To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is used are: an anaerobic bioreactor tank, which comprises a fermentation tank, comprising: a fermentation tank below fixedly connected leachate collection tank, fermentation tank and the retentate leachate collection tank is mounted between the partition plate, the partition plate has a through hole; opened leachate sampling port and a constant humidity of the spray outlet sidewall liquid leachate collection tank; middle sidewall fermentation tank the sampling port is opened and the fermentation temperature measurement port opened on a side wall lower portion of the heated water outlet of the fermentation tank, the discharge port, is opened on a side wall upper portion of the inlet water temperature fermentation tank, the discharge spout and constant humidity leaching fluid inlet, the top wall of the fermentation tank was stirred timing of the sleeve is opened, the interface flow measurement, a pressure measurement interface; fermenter mounted coil body, catchy thermostat water inlet communicates coil, the coil outlet and heated water outlet of the case.

本发明结合电气自动控制系统、在线分析检测系统和曲线拟合软件成为生物反应器的四个主要组成部分,温度、pH值、氧化还原电位、压力、反应气体组分等指标可在线测量,压力、温度、湿度可自动控制并记录、反应气体瞬时流量及累积流量可自动测量和记录,为垃圾场生物反应填埋技术提供技术依据。 The present invention combines the electrical control system, on-line detection system and analysis curve fitting software as an index of four main components, temperature, pH, redox potential, pressure, gas composition, etc. The reaction may be bioreactor line measurement, pressure , temperature, and humidity can be controlled automatically and recorded, the reaction gas flow rate and cumulative instantaneous flow rate can be automatically measured and recorded, to provide the technical basis landfill bioreactor landfill techniques.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的结构示意图;图2是本发明的结构示意俯视图;图3是本发明与其他配套装置使用时的原理图。 FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention with other supporting devices.

附图中:1、定时搅拌轴套 2、流量测量接口 3、恒温水入口4、入料口 5、发酵取样口 6、发酵罐体7、渗沥液收集罐 8、渗沥液取样口 9、恒湿度喷淋液出口10、隔板 11、恒温水出口 12、温度测量口13、盘管 14、恒湿度喷淋液入口 15、压力测量接口16、出料口具体实施方式下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步描述:一种厌氧型生物反应罐,如图1、图2所示,其中包括发酵罐体6,发酵罐体6下面固定连接有渗沥液收集罐7,发酵罐体6与渗沥液收集罐7之间安装有隔板10,隔板10上开有通孔;渗沥液收集罐7的侧壁上开有渗沥液取样口8和恒湿度喷淋液出口9;发酵罐体6中部的侧壁上开有发酵取样口5和温度测量口12,发酵罐体6下部的侧壁上开有恒温水出口11、出料口16,发酵罐体6上部的侧壁上开有恒温水入口3、入料口4和恒湿度喷淋液入 In the drawings: 1, stirring the timing sleeve 2, the flow rate measurement interface 3, a thermostat water inlet 4, 5 feed inlet, sampling port 6 of fermentation, fermentation tank 7, leachate collection tank 8, 9 leachate sampling port , humidistatted spray liquid outlet 10, a separator 11, heated water outlet 12, temperature measurement port 13, the coil 14, humidistatted spray liquid inlet 15, a pressure measuring interface 16, the discharge port dRAWINGS DETAILED DESCRIPTION and specific examples of the present invention will be further described: an anaerobic bioreactor tank, in FIG. 1, FIG. 2, which comprises the fermentation tank 6, following the fermentation tank 6 is fixedly connected with a leachate collection tank 7, fermentation tank 6 and 7 is mounted between the leachate collection tank 10 with a spacer, the spacer has a through hole 10; opened leachate sampling port 8 on the side walls and constant humidity discharge leachate collection tank 7 9 leaching liquid outlet; fermentation sampling port 5 is opened and the temperature measurement port 12 on the side wall 6 of the central fermentation tank, heated water outlet 11 is opened on the side wall of the lower portion of the fermentation tank 6, the discharge port 16, fermentation tank 6 is opened on the side wall of the upper water inlet of the thermostat 3, the feed inlet 4 into a liquid spray and constant humidity 14,发酵罐体6的顶壁上开有定时搅拌轴套1、流量测量接口2、压力测量接口15;发酵罐体6内安装有盘管13,盘管13的上口与恒温水入口3相通,盘管13的下口与恒温水出口11相通。 14, the top wall 6 of the fermentation tank with regular stirring opening sleeve 1, the interface 2 flow measurement, pressure measurement interface 15; fermentation tank 13 is attached to the coil, the coil catchy thermostatic water inlet 13 3 6 communication, the coil 13 is in communication with the port outlet 11 thermostat water.

本发明中的发酵罐体为中空的圆柱体,采用不锈钢板卷制,内径为400毫米,外经为500毫米,高度为1200毫米,内部安装管径为20毫米、壁厚为2.5毫米的不锈钢盘管,通过盘管采用恒温水给罐体及反应物料加温,罐体有效容积为150升。 Fermentation tank in the present invention is a hollow cylinder, the rolled stainless steel plate, an inner diameter of 400 mm, foreign 500 mm, a height of 1,200 mm, installed inside diameter of 20 mm and a wall thickness of 2.5 mm stainless steel coil, and the reaction mass was warmed to the tank through the coils constant temperature water tank of 150 liters effective volume. 沿罐顶向下设有6个取样接口,罐底设有网状隔板及渗沥液收集罐,发酵罐体与渗沥液收集罐间采用法兰连接,便于安装、运输和清理反应残余物料。 Down along the tank top 6 is provided with a sampling port, and the bottom of the tank is provided with a mesh partition plate leachate collection tank, between the fermentation tank and the leachate collection tank flange connection, easy to install, transport and cleaning reaction residue materials. 发酵罐体与高温蒸汽灭活装置、渗沥液回罐系统、恒湿喷淋系统、反应气体收集装置、反应压力测量系统、快捷出料门、搅拌装置及管道相连接构成发酵装置。 Fermentation tank and the high-temperature steam inactivation means leachate back into the tank system, sprinkler system humidity reaction gas collection device, the reaction pressure measurement system, fast discharge door, a stirrer and a conduit configured fermentation apparatus is connected.

与本发明相连的电气自动控制系统由发酵罐自动恒温水浴系统、反应气体压力安全保障和测量系统、恒湿喷淋系统、反应气体瞬时流量及累积流量测量和记录系统、反应罐取样点温度自动测量和记录系统、渗沥液自动回罐系统、自动定时搅拌控制等部分组成。 Electrical control system of the present invention is connected to the fermentor by a constant temperature water bath automatic system, security and the reaction gas pressure measuring systems, humidity sprinkler system, the reaction gas flow rate and cumulative instantaneous flow measurement and recording systems, the temperature of the reaction tank automatic sampling points measuring and recording system, leachate tank system back to automatic, automatic timing control components with stirring.

在线分析及检测系统主要包括对pH值、氧化还原电位、反应气体组分、罐内压力、反应气体瞬时流量及累积流量测量、反应罐取样点温度等进行在线分析或检测。 Line analysis and detection system mainly includes pH, oxidation-reduction potential of a reaction gas composition, the internal pressure, the reaction gas flow rate and cumulative instantaneous flow measurement, reaction vessel temperature sampling points online analysis or detection.

曲线拟合软件通过垃圾产气率、pH值、氧化还原电位、反应气体组分、反应时间等数据,拟合垃圾产气率与反应时间的关系曲线、反应气体组成与反应时间关系曲线及COD与产气量关系曲线。 Curve fitting software by garbage gas yield, pH, redox potential, a reaction gas composition, reaction time and other data, curve fitting garbage gas yield of reaction time, a reaction gas composition and the reaction time curve and COD curve and gas production.

本发明具有以下功能:1、发酵罐体自动恒温水浴系统2、反应气体压力自动测量3、反应气体瞬时流量及累积流量测量和记录 The present invention has the following features: 1, automatic water bath tank fermentation system 2, the reaction gas pressure automatic measurement 3, the reaction gas flow rate and cumulative instantaneous flow measurement and recording

4、取样点温度自动测量和记录系统5、渗沥液自动回罐系统6、自动定时搅拌7、pH值、氧化还原电位、反应气体组分在线分析8、垃圾产气率与反应时间的关系曲线拟合9、反应气体组成与反应时间关系曲线及COD与产气量关系曲线拟合本发明稳定性能优异,温度、pH值、氧化还原电位、压力、反应气体组分等指标可在线测量,压力、温度、湿度可自动控制并记录、反应气体瞬时流量及累积流量可自动测量测量和记录等优点。 4, the automatic sampling point temperature measuring and recording system 5, leachate system automatically returns to the tank 6, automatic timing stirred 7, pH value, redox potential, the reaction gas component analysis line 8, the relationship between trash and gas production rate of the reaction time curve fitting 9, a reaction gas composition and the reaction time curve and the curve of COD gas production and fitting of the present invention is excellent in stability, index temperature, pH, redox potential, pressure, gas composition, etc. the reaction can line measurement, pressure , temperature, and humidity can be controlled automatically and recorded, the reaction gas flow rate and cumulative flow instantaneous measurement may be automatically measured and recorded and the like advantages.

测量所用的温度记录仪采用日本富士工业自动温度记录仪;测量所用的温度控制器采用日本富士工业智能温度控制器;测量所用的气体流量计采用上海韩顺电子有限公司生产的MGC微量气体流量计;所用的恒温水槽采用厚度为2mm的不锈钢板制作;集气罐使用厚度为5mm的不锈钢板制作,高度为1000mm、直径为500mm,附有气体压缩系统。 Used for the measurement logger Japan Fuji Industrial automatic temperature recorder; used for the measurement of the temperature controller Japan Fuji industrial intelligent temperature controller; used for the measurement of trace gas flowmeter MGC-electronic gas flow meter Shanghai Co. of Korea ; thermostat bath used stainless steel plate with a thickness of 2mm making; collection tank 5mm thick stainless steel plate production, a height of 1000mm, a diameter of 500mm, with a gas compression system.

本发明在使用时的进料形式为一次进料(经过预处理),发酵控制温度为35摄氏度,发酵原料粒度:分别为5-10目、10-20目、30-50目,接种污泥为实验的发酵出料,发酵状态为间歇。 Of the present invention is fed at the feed used is a (pre-treated), the fermentation temperature was controlled at 35 ° C, fermentation feedstock particle size: 5-10 mesh, respectively, 10-20 mesh, 30-50 mesh, seed sludge discharge fermentation experiment, a batch fermentation state.

本发明在使用过程中,自动定时搅拌间隔为1-5小时(可调),搅拌时间0-20分钟(可调)。 The present invention is in use, clock interval stirred for 1-5 hours (adjustable), stirring time 0-20 minutes (adjustable).

pH值、氧化还原电位、反应气体组分在线检测精度为1.5级;反应气体组成由罗斯蒙特多组分气体分析仪(型号为BINOS100双通道气体检测仪)检测分析;并采用聚光科技LGA-2000系列激光现场在线气体分析仪在线分析;渗沥液分析时采用博软自动化技术(上海)有限公司生产的溶解氧在线测量仪;反应气体组成与反应时间关系曲线及COD与产气量关系曲线采用工程组态软件拟合。 pH, redox potential, the detection accuracy of the reaction gas component line is 1.5; the reaction gas consisting of Rosemount multicomponent gas analyzer (Model BINOS100 dual channel gas detector) detection analysis; and using condenser technology LGA- laser-line analysis site online gas analyzer 2000 series; the use of soft Bo automation technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. production line dissolved oxygen meter when leachate analysis; reaction gas composition and reaction time curve and the curve of COD and gas production using Engineering software fitting.

Claims (2)

1.一种厌氧型生物反应罐,其中包括发酵罐体(6),其特征在于:发酵罐体(6)下面固定连接有渗沥液收集罐(7),发酵罐体(6)与渗沥液收集罐(7)之间安装有隔板(10),隔板(10)上开有通孔;渗沥液收集罐(7)的侧壁上开有渗沥液取样口(8)和恒湿度喷淋液出口(9);发酵罐体(6)中部的侧壁上开有发酵取样口(5)和温度测量口(12),发酵罐体(6)下部的侧壁上开有恒温水出口(11)、出料口(16),发酵罐体(6)上部的侧壁上开有恒温水入口(3)、入料口(4)和恒湿度喷淋液入口(14),发酵罐体(6)的顶壁上开有定时搅拌轴套(1)、流量测量接口(2)、压力测量接口(15)。 An anaerobic biological reaction tank, which comprises a fermentation tank (6), characterized in that: a fermentation tank (6) is fixedly connected below leachate collection tank (7), fermentation tank (6) a separator mounted (10) between the leachate collection tank (7), the spacer (10) has a through-hole; opened leachate sampling ports (8 on the side wall of leachate collection tank (7) on a lower portion of the side wall of the fermentation tank fermentation tank (6) is opened fermentation sampling port (5) and a temperature measuring port (12) on the sidewalls of the middle (6);) and constant humidity liquid spray outlet (9) climate water outlet opening (11), an outlet (16), fermentation tank (6) is opened temperature water inlet (3) on the upper portion of the side wall, the outlet (4) and a spray fluid intake constant humidity ( 14), fermentation tank (6) has a top wall opening timing of stirring the hub (1), flow rate measurement interface (2), a pressure measurement interface (15).
2.根据权利要求1所述的厌氧型生物反应罐,其特征在于:所述发酵罐体(6)内安装有盘管(13),盘管(13)的上口与所述恒温水入口(3)相通,盘管(13)的下口与所述恒温水出口(11)相通。 2. anaerobic bioreactor tank according to claim 1, wherein: said fermentation tank (6) is attached to the coil (13), the coil (13) with said heated water catchy an inlet (3) communicates, the coil (13) in the thermostatic water outlet port (11) communicates.
CN 200610170924 2006-12-25 2006-12-25 Anerobic type biological reactor tank CN1995318B (en)

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CN100520863C (en) 2007-11-06 2009-07-29 浙江大学 Sectional type consumer waste ecological burying simulating device
CN102443535A (en) * 2011-05-10 2012-05-09 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Solid fermentation bioreactor
CN103243021A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 浙江工商大学 Denitrification type methane anaerobic oxidation reactor and application method thereof

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CN1468943A (en) 2003-01-05 2004-01-21 江苏正昌集团有限公司 City domestic garbage treating apparatus and method
CN1234842C (en) 2003-01-24 2006-01-04 中国科学院过程工程研究所 Multifunctional reactor for solid state fermentation
CN2784419Y (en) 2005-04-28 2006-05-31 董鸣放 Solid fermentation tank
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CN103243021A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 浙江工商大学 Denitrification type methane anaerobic oxidation reactor and application method thereof

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