CN1987092A - Vertical shaft wind power generator - Google Patents

Vertical shaft wind power generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1987092A
CN1987092A CNA2006101284576A CN200610128457A CN1987092A CN 1987092 A CN1987092 A CN 1987092A CN A2006101284576 A CNA2006101284576 A CN A2006101284576A CN 200610128457 A CN200610128457 A CN 200610128457A CN 1987092 A CN1987092 A CN 1987092A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wind
wheel hub
wheel
fan blade
wind deflector
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CNA2006101284576A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100570152C (en
Inventor
廖振雷
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廖振雷
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Priority to CNB2006101284576A priority Critical patent/CN100570152C/en
Publication of CN1987092A publication Critical patent/CN1987092A/en
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Publication of CN100570152C publication Critical patent/CN100570152C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

A wind-driven electric generator with a vertical rotary shaft is composed of a vertical rotary shaft, a wind driven wheel unit consisting of upper and lower wheels, upper and lower fixing discs and upper and lower bearings, a supporting frame consisting of 2N vertical columns, where N=2-6, and 2N wind guiding plates linked to said vertical columns (one to one) and their guiders.

Description

Wind power generating set with vertical shaft

[technical field]

The present invention relates to a kind of wind generating unit, specifically, related to a kind of wind power generating set with vertical shaft that can efficiently utilize wind energy power, this wind power generating set with vertical shaft not only can be under the situation that any wind direction be the wind comes from normal power generation, and can when high wind speed occurring, regulate the air output of wind deflector guiding automatically, thereby wind wheel organization is turned round with rated speed with the control wind wheel organization.

[background technique]

At present, the device that is used for wind-power electricity generation mainly contains two types: a kind of is horizontal axis high-speed wind power generator, and another kind is a vertical axis aerogenerator; Vertical axis aerogenerator can be divided into again according to the acting form: utilize aerodynamical resistance acting (as, S type wind wheel) vertical axis aerogenerator, do work with the lift that utilizes aerofoil profile (as, the Dari eritrea type wind-driven generator) vertical axis aerogenerator, wherein, horizontal axis high-speed wind power generator and vertical shaft Dari eritrea type wind-driven generator are used at most, and be especially in commerce is used, in the majority with the former again.

Known commercial Large-scale Wind Turbines is generally horizontal axis wind-driven generator, and it is made up of apart from parts such as control system, pylons wind wheel, step-up gear, generator, yaw device, slurry; The effect of wind wheel is that wind energy is converted to mechanical energy, it is (present by the blade of aeroperformance excellence, commercial unit is generally 2~3 blades) be contained on the wheel hub and form, the wind wheel that slowly runs by the step-up gear speedup, is given generator with transmission of power by transmission system; Above-mentioned these parts all are installed on the plane, cabin, whole cabin is lifted by tall and big built, because wind direction often changes, in order to effectively utilize wind energy, wind plant must be arranged, the wind direction signals that it records according to wind transducer, by controller control yaw motor, the pinion rotation of gearwheel engagement on driving and the pylon, make the cabin all the time facing the wind to, to keep the wind wheel rotary electrification, when wind speed changes, slurry is apart from the merit angle of control system adjusting fan blade, to adapt to different change of wind velocity.

Vertical axis aerogenerator is divided into two primary categories, one class is to utilize the aerodynamical resistance acting, typical structure is a S type wind wheel, it is made up of the half-cylindrical blade of two axis misalignment, its advantage is that starting torque is bigger, shortcoming is owing to produce asymmetric air-flow round wind wheel, thereby it is produced lateral thrust; For relatively large wind-driven generator, because be subjected to the restriction of deflection and safety margins stress, adopting this structural type is the comparison difficulty; General S type wind-driven generator power coefficient is lower than high speed vertical shaft or horizontal-shaft wind turbine, and the power output that provides under the certain situation of wind wheel size, weight and cost is lower, thereby lacks competitiveness as generating.Another kind of is the lift acting that utilizes aerofoil profile; most typical is the Dari eritrea type wind-driven generator; mechanical efficiency is higher under the situation of high speed winds; but mechanical efficiency is very poor under the situation of low velocity wind; because wind direction and change of wind velocity scope are very big; wind wheel is to wind direction in wind-power electricity generation; the adaptive requirement of wind speed is just very high; wind-driven generator just begins generating when wind speed reaches the activation wind speed; during the wind speed off-rating; though wind speed round raises, its generated output is constant, up to wind speed up to by wind speed the time; wind wheel is stopped automatically, with protection whole generating system.

Existing horizontal axis wind-driven generator is when wind speed changes, in order to regulate rotating speed, need the configuration slurry apart from regulating system usually, to regulate the merit angle of fan blade, reach and adapt to the purpose that wind speed changes, simultaneously, also need to dispose wind plant, so that the wind wheel of this horizontal axis wind-driven generator adapts to the variation of different wind directions, so, the disadvantage of its existence mainly contains: complex structure, and cost is higher, and is difficult in maintenance; Though existing vertical axis aerogenerator can overcome the problem that wind direction changes, and the adaptability that wind direction is changed is strong, do not need wind plant yet, but, because of its fan blade merit angle immobilizes, cause it to the bad adaptability that wind speed changes, mechanical efficiency is low, just because of this, this wind-driven generator excellent popularization of failing in actual applications to obtain.

[summary of the invention]

In order to overcome in the prior art wind-driven generator to the deficiency of wind speed or wind direction adaptive capacity, the invention provides a kind of vertical axis aerogenerator, it not only has very strong wind direction adaptive capacity, and, can be when hanging down wind speed, the folding that makes full use of movable fan blades improves the utilization ratio of wind energy, that is, and and when fan blade is in acting half cycle state, movable fan blades is closed, the wind-force receptor area of fan blade is increased, and when returning the half cycle state, movable fan blades is opened, the wind-force resistance that circles round is reduced, improve Wind Power Utilization efficient thus, simultaneously, when the acting half cycle, the wind deflector that can regulate turns to arrives wind wheel organization inside with wind concentration, when returning half cycle, wind deflector is blocked in the outside of wind wheel organization with wind-force, has further improved the efficient that wind wheel organization utilizes wind energy; And can regulate wind deflector automatically when high wind speed and turn to, with the air output of minimizing wind-driven generator, thereby the intensity that makes wind wheel organization accept wind-force reduces, and then reaches the rotating speed of control wind wheel organization, realizes that the high wind speed wind energy is by the purpose of scientific and reasonable utilization.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:

A kind of wind power generating set with vertical shaft, have: vertically disposed running shaft, be installed in the wind wheel organization on the running shaft, supporting frame in order to supporting rotating shaft and wind wheel organization, be connected in the step-up gear of running shaft bottom, the generator that connects step-up gear, also include fixed tray, lower fixed disk, support post, wind deflector and wind deflector guiding device, wherein, lower fixed disk is arranged on the supporting frame, last, (N is a natural number to be provided with 2N between the lower fixed disk, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root support post, flexibly connect a wind deflector on every support post, described running shaft is by on being provided with on it, following two groups of bearings are respectively with last, lower fixed disk connects, and it is on the circle such as radius such as grade at center that described support post is equiangularly arranged in the running shaft, described wind wheel organization is arranged on, on the running shaft between the lower fixed disk, described wind deflector guiding device connects wind deflector so that the control wind deflector turns to; Need should be appreciated that described wind deflector guiding device can be the guiding device that a cover is controlled 2N piece wind deflector simultaneously, also can be the guiding device that the 2N cover is controlled 2N piece wind deflector respectively;

Based on above-mentioned, this wind power generating set with vertical shaft also includes middle fixed tray, fixed tray is arranged on the support post between the upper and lower fixed tray in described, described wind wheel organization has upper and lower two covers, wherein, last wind wheel organization is arranged on, on the running shaft between the middle fixed tray, following wind wheel organization is arranged on down, on the running shaft between the middle fixed tray;

Based on above-mentioned, described wind deflector guiding device comprises that (N is a natural number to 2N, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root wind deflector guide link, (N is a natural number to 2N, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root wheel hub guide rod, with the running shaft is the guiding wheel hub of rotating center, wheel hub the steering gear and wheel hub turn to the program control device, wherein, described wheel hub guide rod one end fixedly installs along guiding wheel hub circumferencial direction equal angles, the wind deflector guide link middle part that its other end is corresponding with it flexibly connects, described wind deflector guide link two ends flexibly connect respectively about rotating axisymmetric two wind deflector ends in the horizontal direction, described end is that the above two wind deflector is gone up end close to each other along the round Zhou Fangxiang of radius that waits that is the center with the running shaft, described guiding wheel hub and wheel hub the steering gear are arranged on the fixed tray, and described wheel hub turns to the program control device to connect the wheel hub the steering gear so that the action of control wheel hub the steering gear;

Based on above-mentioned, described wheel hub turns to the program control device to adopt the rotary shaft rotating speed switch, and described rotary shaft rotating speed switch reaches the degree that turns to of control guiding wheel hub according to the start and stop of self predefined rotary shaft rotating speed control wheel hub the steering gear with this; But it will be understood that described wheel hub turns to also other intelligence controlling device of program control device;

Based on above-mentioned, the hydraulic mechanism that the wheel rim of described wheel hub the steering gear employing and guiding wheel hub flexibly connects, described hydraulic mechanism has two covers, and this two covers hydraulic mechanism symmetry is movably connected on the wheel rim of the wheel hub that leads;

Based on above-mentioned, described hydraulic mechanism comprises hydraulic rod that the wheel rim with the guiding wheel hub flexibly connects and the oil hydraulic pump that drives hydraulic rod, and described oil hydraulic pump connects the rotary shaft rotating speed switch so that according to rotary shaft rotating speed control self start and stop;

Based on above-mentioned, the structure that this wind power generating set with vertical shaft adopts can include fixed tray, middle fixed tray and lower fixed disk, described support post has 8, described wind deflector has 8, described wind wheel organization has upper and lower two covers, described wind deflector guiding device includes 8 wind deflector guide link and 8 wheel hub guide rods, and described guiding wheel hub and wheel hub the steering gear are arranged on the middle fixed tray;

Based on above-mentioned, described wind wheel organization comprises: be set in the wind wheel wheel hub on the running shaft, a plurality of rectangular fan blade framves that are provided with along wind wheel circumference of hub direction equal angles, and be disposed on fixedly fan blade and movable fan blades on the fan blade frame, wherein, described fixedly fan blade be subjected to the fluted shape face of wind-force mask, fixedly the wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade has the arc shaped surface that can reduce wind resistance, and described movable fan blades is arranged on fixedly on fan blade or the fan blade frame so that it is subjected to the promptly closed acting of wind-force and promptly opened by wind resistance to reduce wind resistance;

Based on above-mentioned, the longitudinal axis A on movable fan blades is divided into a, b two-part in the horizontal direction to movable fan blades, and a, b two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively a1, b1, wherein, and a1<b1; Described movable fan blades has longitudinal axis C on the movable fan blades framework of this corresponding on fan blade frame movable fan blades, described longitudinal axis C is divided into c, d two-part in the horizontal direction to described movable fan blades framework, c, d two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively c1, d1, wherein, and c1<d1; Described movable fan blades longitudinally axis A is movably connected in the longitudinal axis C place of its corresponding movable fan blades framework, and wherein, a part is provided with the wind-engaging resistance area homonymy of fan blade frame, and the b part is provided with the wind-force face homonymy that is subjected to of fan blade frame, and a1>c1, b1>d1;

Based on above-mentioned, described movable fan blades also can be that an end is movably connected in the fixedly wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade, and the other end passes the setting of fan blade frame, and its cross-directional length is greater than its pairing movable fan blades framework length in the horizontal direction on the fan blade frame.

Through claimant's studying intensively with great concentration and constantly improving for many years, the present invention has outstanding substantive distinguishing features and obvious improvement with respect to prior art, and specifically, its beneficial effect mainly is:

1, this wind power generating set with vertical shaft disposes the wind deflector of the adjustable guiding that the 2N piece is evenly distributed, and 2N intake grill that this 2N piece wind deflector forms and the setting of running shaft switched in opposite, the intake grill size is identical, make it possess the ability that to concentrate any direction the wind comes from, can adapt to any variation of wind direction;

2, this wind power generating set with vertical shaft is when hanging down wind speed, utilize the acting in conjunction of the special construction and the wind deflector of fan blade, improve the Driving force of fan blade, reduce returning the resistance of air of half cycle, thereby improved the efficient that wind wheel organization utilizes wind energy greatly at wind wheel acting half cycle; When high wind speed, the wind wheel organization rotating speed surpasses the rated speed upper limit, and wind deflector can be closed to less intake grill state automatically, and wind wheel is turned round with rated speed under the high wind speed state, has realized the adaptability to high wind speed;

3, the non-wind-force rotary component of wind deflector that adopts of this wind power generating set with vertical shaft, simple in structure and the wind deflector guiding device that adopts not only makes it turn to become easily flexibly, and strengthened the connectivity robustness between the wind deflector;

4, the easily worn part of wind wheel organization (as fan blade etc.) is installed among the encirclement of wind deflector, greatly reduces the loss of wind wheel organization easily worn part;

5, the Wind Power Utilization efficient height of this wind power generating set with vertical shaft, strong to the conformability of wind direction, wind speed, sound construction is reliable, security of operation is stable, and is economical and practical, usability price ratio height, safeguard simple and conveniently, be adapted at wind-force flow regions such as river shoal, seashore, mountain top and apply.

[description of drawings]

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the positional structure schematic top plan view of wind wheel organization of the present invention, support post and wind deflector;

Fig. 3 is the linkage structure schematic representation of wind deflector of the present invention and support post;

Fig. 4 is the flat deployable structure schematic representation of two fan blade framves of symmetry of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the linkage structure schematic representation of movable fan blades of the present invention and fan blade frame;

Fig. 6 is the linkage structure schematic top plan view of wind deflector of the present invention and wind deflector guiding device;

Fig. 7 is wind deflector of the present invention and the wind deflector guiding device linkage structure schematic top plan view in ultimate state;

Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing of A part in Fig. 4;

Fig. 9 is a kind of linkage structure schematic representation of fixedly fan blade of the present invention and movable fan blades;

Figure 10 is the schematic diagram that facings the wind of fan blade of the present invention and wind deflector;

Figure 11 is the circuit diagram of oil hydraulic pump of the present invention under first kind of working state;

Figure 12 is the circuit diagram of oil hydraulic pump of the present invention under second kind of working state.

[embodiment]

For characteristics of the present invention and advantage further are described, now provide of the present invention concrete in conjunction with the accompanying drawings

Mode of execution:

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of wind power generating set with vertical shaft, have: vertically disposed running shaft 13, be installed in the wind wheel organization 21 on the running shaft 13,, be connected in the step-up gear 11 of running shaft 13 bottoms in order to the supporting frame 1 of supporting rotating shaft 13 and wind wheel organization 21, the generator 12 that connects step-up gear 11, it also includes fixed tray 3, middle fixed tray 4,16,8 wind deflectors 6 of 2,8 support posts of lower fixed disk and wind deflector guiding device 25, wherein

Support frame as described above 1 is fixedly mounted on ground or above the building, described lower fixed disk 2 is fixedly connected on above the supporting frame 1, and described step-up gear 11 and generator 12 are arranged on supporting frame 1 below, and are fixedly mounted on ground or the building;

As shown in Figure 2, be provided with 8 support posts 16 between upper and lower fixed tray, it is waiting on the radius circle of center that described support post 16 is equiangularly arranged in running shaft 13;

As shown in Figure 1, described in fixed tray 4 be arranged on the support post 16 between the upper and lower fixed tray, preferred version is the intermediate portion that middle fixed tray 4 is arranged on support post 16;

Described running shaft 13 is connected the center of lower fixed disk 2 by the lower wall bearing 5 that is provided with on it, and by coiling the center that bearing 8 is connected fixed tray 3 in the setting on it, reaches the stable operation of running shaft 13 with this structure; The center of fixed tray 4 was provided with during running shaft 13 passed, but it will be understood that it also can be the center of fixed tray 4 in being arranged on by middle part bearing sheathed on it;

Rotary shaft rotating speed switch 20 also is installed on running shaft 13.

As shown in Figure 2, flexibly connect 8 wind deflectors 6 respectively in the outside of 8 support posts 16,8 wind deflectors 6 evenly distribute, its formed intake grill is against the sense of rotation setting of wind wheel organization, and, be the 45 setting between its two adjacent wind deflectors 6 to the identical angle of same direction deflection; This structure makes wind deflector 6 in the half cycle of wind wheel organization acting, wind concentration can be imported wind wheel organization inside, and make wind wheel organization in returning the half cycle that produces resistance of air, wind is blocked in the outside of wind wheel organization, thereby improve the efficient that wind wheel organization utilizes wind energy greatly;

As shown in Figure 3, the longitudinal axis E on the described wind deflector 6 is divided into e, f two-part in the horizontal direction to wind deflector 6, and e, f two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively e1, f1, wherein, and e1≤f1; Described wind deflector 6 longitudinally axis E is movably connected on the support post 16, and wherein, the e part is near the wind wheel organization setting, and the f part is away from the wind wheel organization setting; The purpose of this structure mainly is in order to reduce overall structure, thereby reduces cost, and reduces installation workload.

As shown in Figure 1, described wind wheel organization 21 has upper and lower two covers, and wherein, last wind wheel organization is arranged on, on the running shaft 13 between the middle fixed tray, and following wind wheel organization is arranged on down, on the running shaft 13 between the middle fixed tray;

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 8, the above wind wheel organization 21 comprises: be set in the rectangular fan blade frame 7 that wind wheel wheel hub 9,8 covers on the running shaft 13 are provided with along wind wheel wheel hub 9 circumferencial direction equal angles, and be disposed on fixedly fan blade 23 and movable fan blades 24 on the fan blade frame 7, wherein

Described fixedly fan blade 23 be subjected to the fluted shape face of wind-force mask, be subjected to the wind-force area with increase; Fixedly the wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade has the arc shaped surface that can reduce wind resistance;

As shown in Figure 5, described movable fan blades 24 is arranged on the fan blade frame 7, so that it is subjected to the promptly closed acting of wind-force and promptly opened by wind resistance to reduce wind resistance;

Longitudinal axis A on above-described movable fan blades 24 is divided into a, b two-part in the horizontal direction to movable fan blades, and a, b two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively a1, b1, wherein, and a1<b1; Described movable fan blades 24 on the fan blade frame 7 to should on the movable fan blades framework 72 of movable fan blades 24 longitudinal axis C being arranged, described longitudinal axis C is divided into c, d two-part in the horizontal direction to described movable fan blades framework 72, c, d two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively c1, d1, wherein, c1<d1; Described movable fan blades 24 longitudinally axis A is movably connected in the longitudinal axis C place of its corresponding movable fan blades framework 72, wherein, the a part is provided with the wind-engaging resistance area homonymy of fan blade frame 7, the b part is provided with the wind-force face homonymy that is subjected to of fan blade frame 7, and a1>c1, b1>d1, guaranteeing to reach the movable fan blades wind-engaging with this can open purpose;

As shown in Figure 8, be provided with several spileholes above the movable fan blades 24, the effect of these spileholes be when movable fan blades 24 when wind wheel organization acting half cycle facings the wind, having a certain amount of wind passes from spilehole, thereby make movable fan blades 24 form negative pressure, this makes it can be attached to above the fan blade frame 7 more closely;

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, described wind wheel organization also includes the air conducting tube 10 that is set in wind wheel wheel hub 9 peripheries, the effect of air conducting tube 10 is to enter on the fan blade in the wind guiding wind wheel outside in the wind wheel organization, because position the closer to the wind wheel organization axle center, its torque is just more little, utilizes the efficient of wind energy just low more;

But it will be understood that, in other embodiments, described movable fan blades also can be an end be movably connected in fixing fan blade the wind-engaging resistance area (promptly, on the movable arc shaped surface that is connected in fixing fan blade or its edge), the other end passes the setting of fan blade frame, and its cross-directional length is greater than its pairing movable fan blades framework length in the horizontal direction on the fan blade frame, and guaranteeing to reach the movable fan blades wind-engaging with this can open purpose;

As shown in Figure 9, fan blade frame 7 is connected and fixed fan blade 23, and fixedly the inboard hinge of the wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade 23 connects movable fan blades 24.

As shown in figure 10, be under two kinds of ultimate states different wind directions to the action principle of wind wheel organization, because 8 wind deflectors 6 are along the even mounting arrangements of wind wheel organization outer rim, 8 intake grills that wind deflector 6 is formed are corresponding on eight different directions, so, each intake grill and adjacent intake grill are 45 and distribute, two kinds of limit air intake states can only appear in the wind comes from so in any direction, it is the situation that wind situation about being shown along the limit of wind deflector (E shown in the figure) and wind are shown along the limit of adjacent wind deflector (D shown in the figure); Wind can only change between E and this two states of D and enters in the wind wheel, differential seat angle between these two kinds of wind directions of E and D is 45 degree, wind deflector 6 under this two states can both more import to wind in the acting half cycle of wind wheel organization, and keep watch and be blocked in the outside of wind deflector 6 returning half cycle, thereby can not only make wind wheel organization adapt to the wind comes from of any direction, also improve the efficient that wind wheel organization utilizes wind energy greatly.

As shown in Figure 1, wind deflector guiding device 25 connects wind deflector 6, so that control turning to of wind deflector 6;

Need should be appreciated that, described wind deflector guiding device can be the guiding device that a cover is controlled 8 wind deflectors 6 simultaneously, also can be the guiding device that 8 covers are controlled 8 wind deflectors 6 respectively, in the present embodiment, what adopt is the guiding device that a cover is controlled 8 wind deflectors 6 simultaneously, and its structure is as follows:

As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, on the fixed tray 4, it comprised: 8 wind deflector guide link 14 during this wind deflector guiding device 25 was installed in, 8 wheel hub guide rods 22 are the guiding wheel hub 15 of rotating center with running shaft 13, and wheel hub the steering gear and wheel hub turn to the program control device, wherein

Described wheel hub guide rod 22 1 ends fixedly install along guiding wheel hub 15 circumferencial direction equal angles, and wind deflector guide link 14 middle parts that its other end is corresponding with it flexibly connect;

Described wind deflector guide link 14 two ends flexibly connect two wind deflector ends in the horizontal direction about running shaft 13 symmetries respectively, and described end is that the above two wind deflector is gone up end close to each other along the round Zhou Fangxiang of radius that waits that is the center with the running shaft;

Based on the above, what need illustrate further is: described guiding wheel hub 15 and wheel hub the steering gear are arranged on the middle fixed tray 4.

Based on the above, need to prove: 8 wind deflectors 6 about running shaft 13 symmetries are symmetrical has in twos formed four groups of wind deflectors, every group of wind deflector interconnects by 2 wind deflector guide link 14, and wind deflector guide link 14 is one group of setting straggly up and down in twos, and flexibly connect with each self-corresponding wheel hub guide rod 22 respectively, form wind deflector with this and turn to the support and connection structure;

8 about rotating axisymmetric wind deflector is symmetrical has in twos formed four groups of wind deflectors, every group of wind deflector interconnects by 2 support link, and support link one group of setting straggly up and down in twos, forms wind deflector support and connection structure with this; Described wind deflector support and connection structure mainly is in order to strengthen 8 connectivity robustness between the wind deflector; In the present embodiment, described wind deflector support and connection structure (can select as the case may be) be arranged on described 8 wind deflectors top and (or) bottom;

Wind deflector 6 is not the rotary component of wind wheel organization; 8 wind deflectors 6 are movably connected in the outside of 8 support posts 16 respectively; promptly; wind deflector 6 rides in above the very firm support post 16; and; two ends of substantially horizontal are linked to be integral body in twos relatively by wind deflector guide link 14; wind deflector guide link 14 connects firm guiding wheel hub 15 by wheel hub guide rod 22 again; guiding wheel hub 15 is connected again above the stable hydraulic rod 17; form a firm rotary integral with this; reach the purpose that the superpower wind of opposing attacks, and can protect easily worn parts such as fan blade among 8 wind deflectors 6 surround and fan blade frame effectively.

The hydraulic mechanism that the wheel rim of described wheel hub the steering gear employing and guiding wheel hub 15 flexibly connects, described hydraulic mechanism has two covers, and it is equidirectional, symmetry is movably connected on the wheel rim of guiding wheel hub 15;

In the present embodiment, described hydraulic mechanism can do positive and negative two to motion, it mainly comprises: hydraulic rod 17, hydraulic rod limit switch that flexibly connects with the wheel rim of guiding wheel hub 15 and the oil hydraulic pump 18 that drives hydraulic rod, wherein, described oil hydraulic pump 18 can drive the action that both direction is stretched, contracted to hydraulic rod 17 works, and hydraulic rod 17 and oil hydraulic pump 18 are fixed on the middle fixed tray 4;

But it will be understood that in other embodiments described hydraulic mechanism can have two covers, this two covers hydraulic mechanism opposite direction, symmetry are movably connected on the wheel rim of guiding wheel hub 15, make described guiding wheel hub 15 can make positive and negative two purposes to motion to reach.

Described wheel hub turns to the program control device to connect the wheel hub the steering gear, so that control turning to of wheel hub the steering gear;

In the present embodiment, wheel hub turns to the program control device to adopt rotary shaft rotating speed switch 20, described rotary shaft rotating speed switch 20 according to the opening and closing of self predefined running shaft rated speed control wheel hub the steering gear (promptly, preestablish the upper and lower limit of running shaft rated speed, when surpassing this restriction, then rotary shaft rotating speed switch 20 cuts out voluntarily or opens), reach the degree that turns to of control guiding wheel hub with this;

In the present embodiment, rotary shaft rotating speed switch 20 connects above-described oil hydraulic pump 18, and oil hydraulic pump 18 drives hydraulic rod 17 to finish the go to action of wheel hub the steering gear;

But it will be understood that in other embodiments described wheel hub turns to also other intelligence controlling device of program control device.

At present embodiment, existing for the working procedure of clearer explanation wind deflector guiding device in conjunction with the circuit diagram under two kinds of working staties of oil hydraulic pump, provide further description:

As shown in figure 11, D1 is a hydraulic pump motor, K1 is hydraulic rod limit switch (is set at hydraulic rod and stretches out the maximum value startup), SK1 is rotary shaft rotating speed switch (is set at and exceeds the startup of rated speed CLV ceiling limit value), and SD is a hand switch, wherein, hydraulic pump motor D1 one end connects power supply, the other end connect respectively hydraulic rod limit switch K1 and rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K1 connect the power supply the other end then, and hand switch SD is connected in parallel on rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K1 two ends;

When wind speed higher, rotary shaft rotating speed reaches on the rated speed prescribes a time limit, rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K1 connects, source current arrives hydraulic pump motor D1 by rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K1 and hydraulic rod limit switch K1, and get back to the power supply the other end and form the loop, at this moment, hydraulic pump motor D1 starts, make hydraulic rod promote the guiding wheel hub and turn to, rotate thereby make the wheel hub guide rod drive the wind deflector guide link, at this moment, 8 wind deflectors are made forward rotation simultaneously under the drive of wind deflector guide link, this dwindles the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors gradually, and air output reduces thereupon, and rotary shaft rotating speed begins to descend;

When rotary shaft rotating speed drops to the rated speed CLV ceiling limit value when following, rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K1 disconnects, hydraulic pump motor D1 outage is out of service, wind deflector keeps current deflection angle under the hydraulic rod effect, be that the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors keeps current opening shape, at this moment, wind wheel organization moves with rated speed under this wind speed;

As run into superpower wind or air output is still sufficient excessively, and rotary shaft rotating speed fails to drop to below the rated speed CLV ceiling limit value, and hydraulic pump motor D1 works on, and when hydraulic rod arrived spacing position and touches hydraulic rod limit switch K1, hydraulic pump motor D1 outage was out of service;

As shown in Figure 7, at this moment, wind deflector 6 is pulled to the steering locking angle degree, promptly the position of 8 wind deflectors 6 is parallel with the tangent line of wind wheel organization, the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors reaches minimum position, under this kind state, most wind is blocked in the outside of wind deflector, and rotary shaft rotating speed has more significantly and descends; During the design wind deflector, it is not exclusively closed to leave certain clearance between the wind deflector under this kind state, and intake grill can enter a spot of wind like this, makes the wind wheel organization rotating speed can not occur descending rapidly, thereby reaches the purpose of protection generator;

When running into other situation, can manually start hand switch SD.

As shown in figure 12, D1 is a hydraulic pump motor, K2 is hydraulic rod limit switch (being set at hydraulic rod withdrawal maximum value starts), SK2 is rotary shaft rotating speed switch (is set at and hangs down the startup of rated speed lower limit), wherein, hydraulic pump motor D1 one end connects power supply, and the other end connect respectively hydraulic rod limit switch K2 and rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K2 connect the power supply the other end then;

Lower or air output is less when wind speed, rotary shaft rotating speed reaches under the rated speed prescribes a time limit, rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K2 connects, source current is by arriving hydraulic pump motor D1 with rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K2 and hydraulic rod limit switch K2, and get back to the power supply the other end and form the loop, at this moment, hydraulic pump motor D1 starts, make the revolution of hydraulic rod pulling guiding wheel hub, at this moment, 8 wind deflectors are made backward rotation, and this magnifies the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors gradually, air output increases thereupon, and rotary shaft rotating speed begins to rise;

When rotary shaft rotating speed rises to the rated speed lower limit when above, rotary shaft rotating speed switch S K2 disconnects, hydraulic pump motor D1 outage is out of service, wind deflector keeps current deflection angle under the hydraulic rod effect, be that the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors keeps current opening shape, at this moment, wind wheel organization moves with rated speed under this wind speed;

As it is still not enough to run into low velocity wind or air output, rotary shaft rotating speed fails to rise to more than the rated speed lower limit, hydraulic pump motor D1 works on, when hydraulic rod arrives spacing position and touches hydraulic rod limit switch K2, hydraulic pump motor D1 outage is out of service, at this moment, wind deflector is pulled to minimum steering angle, be that the intake grill that forms between adjacent two wind deflectors reaches maximum position, under this kind state, most wind is concentrated in the inside of wind deflector, and rotary shaft rotating speed has more significantly and rises.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of wind power generating set with vertical shaft, have: vertically disposed running shaft, be installed in the wind wheel organization on the running shaft, supporting frame in order to supporting rotating shaft and wind wheel organization, be connected in the step-up gear of running shaft bottom, the generator that connects step-up gear, it is characterized in that: also include fixed tray, lower fixed disk, support post, wind deflector and wind deflector guiding device, wherein, lower fixed disk is arranged on the supporting frame, last, (N is a natural number to be provided with 2N between the lower fixed disk, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root support post, flexibly connect a wind deflector on every support post, described running shaft is by on being provided with on it, following two groups of bearings are respectively with last, lower fixed disk connects, and it is on the circle such as radius such as grade at center that described support post is equiangularly arranged in the running shaft, described wind wheel organization is arranged on, on the running shaft between the lower fixed disk, described wind deflector guiding device connects wind deflector so that the control wind deflector turns to.
2, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also include middle fixed tray, fixed tray is arranged on the support post between the upper and lower fixed tray in described, described wind wheel organization has upper and lower two covers, wherein, last wind wheel organization is arranged on, on the running shaft between the middle fixed tray, following wind wheel organization is arranged on down, on the running shaft between the middle fixed tray.
3, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wind deflector guiding device comprises that (N is a natural number to 2N, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root wind deflector guide link, (N is a natural number to 2N, wherein, 6 〉=N 〉=2) root wheel hub guide rod, with the running shaft is the guiding wheel hub of rotating center, wheel hub the steering gear and wheel hub turn to the program control device, wherein, described wheel hub guide rod one end fixedly installs along guiding wheel hub circumferencial direction equal angles, the wind deflector guide link middle part that its other end is corresponding with it flexibly connects, described wind deflector guide link two ends flexibly connect respectively about rotating axisymmetric two wind deflector ends in the horizontal direction, described end is that the above two wind deflector is gone up end close to each other along the round Zhou Fangxiang of radius that waits that is the center with the running shaft, described guiding wheel hub and wheel hub the steering gear are arranged on the fixed tray, and described wheel hub turns to the program control device to connect the wheel hub the steering gear so that the action of control wheel hub the steering gear.
4, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described wheel hub turns to the program control device to adopt the rotary shaft rotating speed switch, described rotary shaft rotating speed switch reaches the degree that turns to of control guiding wheel hub according to the start and stop of self predefined rotary shaft rotating speed control wheel hub the steering gear with this.
5, according to claim 3 or 4 described wind power generating set with vertical shaft, it is characterized in that: the hydraulic mechanism that the wheel rim of described wheel hub the steering gear employing and guiding wheel hub flexibly connects, described hydraulic mechanism has two covers, and this two covers hydraulic mechanism symmetry is movably connected on the wheel rim of guiding wheel hub.
6, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described hydraulic mechanism comprises hydraulic rod that the wheel rim with the guiding wheel hub flexibly connects and the oil hydraulic pump that drives hydraulic rod, and described oil hydraulic pump connects the rotary shaft rotating speed switch so that according to rotary shaft rotating speed control self start and stop.
7, according to claim 2 or 3 described wind power generating set with vertical shaft, it is characterized in that: this device includes fixed tray, middle fixed tray and lower fixed disk, described support post has 8, described wind deflector has 8, described wind wheel organization has upper and lower two covers, described wind deflector guiding device includes 8 wind deflector guide link and 8 wheel hub guide rods, and described guiding wheel hub and wheel hub the steering gear are arranged on the middle fixed tray.
8, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described wind wheel organization comprises: be set in the wind wheel wheel hub on the running shaft, a plurality of rectangular fan blade framves that are provided with along wind wheel circumference of hub direction equal angles, and be disposed on fixedly fan blade and movable fan blades on the fan blade frame, wherein, described fixedly fan blade be subjected to the fluted shape face of wind-force mask, fixedly the wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade has the arc shaped surface that can reduce wind resistance, and described movable fan blades is arranged on fixedly on fan blade or the fan blade frame so that it is subjected to the promptly closed acting of wind-force and promptly opened by wind resistance to reduce wind resistance.
9, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the longitudinal axis A on movable fan blades is divided into a, b two-part in the horizontal direction to movable fan blades, a, b two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively a1, b1, wherein, and a1<b1; Described movable fan blades has longitudinal axis C on the movable fan blades framework of this corresponding on fan blade frame movable fan blades, described longitudinal axis C is divided into c, d two-part in the horizontal direction to described movable fan blades framework, c, d two-part length in the horizontal direction are respectively c1, d1, wherein, and c1<d1; Described movable fan blades longitudinally axis A is movably connected in the longitudinal axis C place of its corresponding movable fan blades framework, and wherein, a part is provided with the wind-engaging resistance area homonymy of fan blade frame, and the b part is provided with the wind-force face homonymy that is subjected to of fan blade frame, and a1>c1, b1>d1.
10, wind power generating set with vertical shaft according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described movable fan blades one end is movably connected in the fixedly wind-engaging resistance area of fan blade, the other end passes the setting of fan blade frame, and its cross-directional length is greater than its pairing movable fan blades framework length in the horizontal direction on the fan blade frame.
CNB2006101284576A 2006-12-18 2006-12-18 Wind power generating set with vertical shaft CN100570152C (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101929424A (en) * 2009-06-23 2010-12-29 谭旭 Vertical-shaft wind-driven generator
CN102226439A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-10-26 余虹仪 Universal wind turbine
CN102536642A (en) * 2012-04-03 2012-07-04 余虹仪 Louver vertical shaft universal wind motor
CN102606392A (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-07-25 应传明 All-weather and all-terrain diffusion and ejection type breeze power generator
WO2012113130A1 (en) * 2011-02-21 2012-08-30 Lin Hui-Feng Triangular prism diversion cover type of aerogenerator
CN102022287B (en) * 2009-09-22 2013-04-10 重庆永进重型机械成套设备有限责任公司 Speed-up gearbox of vertical shaft wind turbine generator system
CN104074680A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-10-01 王修煜 Various integrated multi-size multi-purpose wind power generation towers allowing normal power generation
CN104421099A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 王立军 Volute tower-like vertical-axis wind turbine
CN104976068A (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-10-14 王洪伟 Cruise-free swing-paddle-free slow wind level driving multi-position wind power generating device
CN105508140A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-20 雒龙泉 Frame type vertical axis wind-driven generator device
CN106257048A (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-28 国网天津市电力公司 Blade is provided with the vertical axis aerogenerator of horizontal bar

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WO2015179529A1 (en) * 2014-05-20 2015-11-26 GUAN, Frank Hwan-Kuan Vane device for a wind turbine apparatus

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101929424B (en) * 2009-06-23 2013-10-30 谭旭 Vertical-shaft wind-driven generator
CN101929424A (en) * 2009-06-23 2010-12-29 谭旭 Vertical-shaft wind-driven generator
CN102022287B (en) * 2009-09-22 2013-04-10 重庆永进重型机械成套设备有限责任公司 Speed-up gearbox of vertical shaft wind turbine generator system
CN102606392A (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-07-25 应传明 All-weather and all-terrain diffusion and ejection type breeze power generator
WO2012113130A1 (en) * 2011-02-21 2012-08-30 Lin Hui-Feng Triangular prism diversion cover type of aerogenerator
CN102226439A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-10-26 余虹仪 Universal wind turbine
CN102536642A (en) * 2012-04-03 2012-07-04 余虹仪 Louver vertical shaft universal wind motor
CN104421099A (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-03-18 王立军 Volute tower-like vertical-axis wind turbine
CN104074680A (en) * 2014-01-06 2014-10-01 王修煜 Various integrated multi-size multi-purpose wind power generation towers allowing normal power generation
CN106257048A (en) * 2015-06-19 2016-12-28 国网天津市电力公司 Blade is provided with the vertical axis aerogenerator of horizontal bar
CN104976068A (en) * 2015-07-05 2015-10-14 王洪伟 Cruise-free swing-paddle-free slow wind level driving multi-position wind power generating device
CN104976068B (en) * 2015-07-05 2019-02-19 沈阳雷安特新能源科技发展有限公司 Delay wind scale without pendulum paddle without cruise and drives multidigit wind power generation plant
CN105508140A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-04-20 雒龙泉 Frame type vertical axis wind-driven generator device

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