CN1979521A - Smart exit-entrance control method and system - Google Patents

Smart exit-entrance control method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1979521A
CN1979521A CN 200510111190 CN200510111190A CN1979521A CN 1979521 A CN1979521 A CN 1979521A CN 200510111190 CN200510111190 CN 200510111190 CN 200510111190 A CN200510111190 A CN 200510111190A CN 1979521 A CN1979521 A CN 1979521A
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China
Prior art keywords
signal
module
electronic tag
controller
information
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Pending
Application number
CN 200510111190
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钱国平
周浩
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Qiangling Intelligent Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Qiangling Intelligent Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 200510111190 priority Critical patent/CN1979521A/en
Publication of CN1979521A publication Critical patent/CN1979521A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent passageway control method and system, firstly issuing electronic tag by system, and writing in various possibly recognized messages; pasting the electronic tag on object or inserting the electronic tag in the object, and RFID recognizer arranged at the passageway continuously detects message radio frequency signal emitted by the electronic tag and including various possibly recognized messages and then transmits the included messages to signal receiving controller, which judges message right and stores them; if ID effective, giving control signal to controlled device, and the controlled device receives the control signal and then is opened to allow the object to get in and out; otherwise giving alarm signal to alarm device to alarm so as to stop the object getting in and out. And the control system comprises electronic tag and RFID recognizer; signal receiving controller, connected with the RFID recognizer through data lines; controlled device and alarm device, connected with the signal receiving controller in bus mode.

Description

Smart exit-entrance control method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the method and apparatus of a kind of gateway control, relate in particular to a kind of exit-entrance control method, the system that also relates to this method and adopted based on the RFID technology.
Background technology
Quick progress along with social civilization, utilization requires to improve day by day people to the technological means in the live and work, in places such as the frequent dwelling house community gateway of coming in and going out of personnel, gateway, office space, airport harbour, exhibition centers management tool need be set, to stop the non-relevant personnel's random discrepancy, reduce the various losses that strange personnel come in and go out and may bring.
In view of the present whole world to the attention of terrorist incident with take precautions against requirement, AT STATION, gateways such as airport, harbour, customs need endure strict scrutiny to the article of coming in and going out, prevent harmful or dangerous goods enter the public domain.In order effectively to address the above problem, corresponding administrative authority and personnel try every possible means, and as traditional 24 hours guarding managements that are provided with, the discrepancy personnel are cross-examined or register that article carry out infrared scan etc. to coming in and going out.Discern for personnel identity, modern people's custom, that often can not accept to repeat cross-examinees or loaded down with trivial details control measures such as registration, therefore need a kind of management tool and method of science to replace traditional management mode, can reach strict gateway management expectancy, adapt to the daily habits and customs of people again.And for the inspection of article, artificial seeking can not have been satisfied the efficient requirement of Management of Modern Physical Distribution.
At present, general management mode is as follows: 1, bar code scan; 2, password input; 3, IC-card is swiped the card.
In actual life and work, password input, IC-card pattern respectively have used in different fields with the bar-code identification pattern.But still there is not the system that method and this method adopted that utilizes RFID (radio frequency identification) technology to solve article identification controls such as gateway personnel or vehicle.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention first aspect be to provide a kind of based on RFID (radio frequency identification) technology, can effectively discern the identity of personnel, vehicle or general article and control the method for its authority of coming in and going out.
The system that provides this method to adopt is provided the object of the invention second aspect.
Purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of smart exit-entrance control method, this method may further comprise the steps: at first by the system distribution electronic tag, write and variously may recognize information; Stick on electronic tag on the object or be built in the object, be arranged on the various information radiofrequency signals that may discern that comprise of detected electrons label emission that the RFID recognizer of gateway do not stop, detect the information that after the electronic tag radiofrequency signal radiofrequency signal is comprised and send signal reception controller to, receive controller by signal and judge information authority and storage; If identity effectively then provides and controls signal to controlled plant, controlled plant is opened and the discrepancy of permission object after receiving signal; If the non-rule of identity provides alerting signal to panalarm and sends warning, come in and go out to stop object.
The employed smart exit-entrance control system of said method comprises:
Some electronic tags by the various possibility of writing of this system distribution identifying information;
One is set up in the RFID recognizer of gateway;
Signal receives controller, and this signal receiver connects by data line with the RFID recognizer;
Controlled plant and panalarm that some controls gateway opens and closes, described several controlled equipment and panalarm receive controller by bus mode and signal and connect.
Described signal receives controller and is connected on the background computer by bus or TCP/IP networking mode, gathers various information and becomes form.
At least solidify the radio-frequency transmissions circuit of a hyper band in the RFID recognizer of the present invention.The radio-frequency transmissions circuit of this hyper band is ceaselessly to the effective range emitting radio frequency signal, arrest the electronic tag that enters in this effective range, and detect the radiofrequency signal that corresponding electronic tag sends, when detecting corresponding electronic tag, can feedback signal export to the signal reception controller of rear end, be used to judge the legitimacy of the personnel, vehicle or the article that carry electronic tag.
Signal of the present invention receives controller, comprise and receive identification signal module, output control signal module, information storage module and communication transport module, receive one of them I/O mouth of identification signal module and connect by data line with the output of RFID recognizer, another I/O mouth connects with output control signal module and information storage module by the communication transport module.This signal reception controller is mainly used in parts such as RFID recognizer, gateway equipment, computing machines and carries out communication, identification and judgement input signal authority, and the action of output control gateway equipment is transmitted transaction data in Computer Database.
When the gateway more for a long time, each signal receives between controller and connects by the RS422 bus mode, and then is connected with background computer by the RS422/RS232 communication converter, each signal reception controller with data transmission to background computer.Described communication converter is the native system main signal conversion equipment of network management on a large scale, and it comprises data reception module, format converting module and data outputting module, and data reception module connects with data outputting module by format converting module.
Electronic tag of the present invention is the critical piece that native system is used, and it possesses the information processing capability of artificial intelligence, embeds integrated circuit (IC) chip, adopts unified frequency range and working method with the RFID recognizer, judges identity mutually.Electronic tag is inserted on one's body vehicle, article or the personnel, can effectively manage gateway control system by the RFID recognition system.
The present invention makes RFID recognizer and electronic tag carry out the bi-directional data verification by the RFID radio RF recognition technology, the information of catching is sent to signal to be received controller and checks and judge, what identity was correct can pass through, identity incorrect can not by and send alerting signal, thereby realize purpose of the present invention.
Because the present invention adopted technical scheme as above, it is compared with existing bar code scan, password input, IC-card gateway control mode such as swipe the card, and has following functional characteristics: 1, the legitimacy of judgement personnel, vehicle or article; 2, anti-counterfeiting performance height is difficult for imitation or forgery; 3, handle greater than 1 meter remote identification, need not contact or closely identification; 4, identification range is big, and the induction angle need not resemble traditional IC-card and carry out parallel identification near 360 degree.5, the various gateways of may command equipment, as: gate, road vehicle car lug, roller lock; 6, the passive RF technology is used, and the label life-span is long, need not often change battery; 7, can count inbound traffics, in due order, toll administration on time;
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of smart exit-entrance control method of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of smart exit-entrance control system of the present invention.
Structured flowchart when Fig. 3 is a plurality of gateway for smart exit-entrance control system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 receives the controller architecture block diagram for the signal in the smart exit-entrance control system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the employed system management software block diagram of smart exit-entrance control system of the present invention.
Embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of smart exit-entrance control method of discerning objects such as personnel or vehicle, this method is at first by system distribution electronic tag 4, writes the various information that may recognize; The various information that may recognize comprise the data that is identified object; As individual's identity information, product information of article or the like.The electronic tag 4 of distribution sticks on the article, vehicle of required identification or by the people and carries (identification personal identification).
The detected electrons label emission that the radio-frequency transmissions circuit of the hyper band of the RFID recognizer 2 that is arranged on the gateway by does not wherein initiatively stop comprise the various information radiofrequency signals that may discern, the object of electronic tag 4 is carried in search, carry out the bi-directional data verification after detecting the radiofrequency signal of electronic tag emission of effective range, and send the information in the radiofrequency signal of catching to signal and receive controller 3, receive controller 3 by signal and judge the authority of carrying electronic tag 4 article.
Signal receives 3 pairs of information that receive from RFID recognizer 2 of controller and checks, judges, the identity of identifying object; If it is correct that judgement is identified object identity, there is authority to pass through, signal reception controller 3 will be controlled controlled plant 5 and open or allow object by (controlled plant 5 can be door or other access control systems); If judge that to be identified object identity incorrect, there is not authority, signal receives controller 3 just can not drive controlled plant 5 work, does not allow to be identified object current or enter, and drives panalarm 6 and send alerting signal.
Because signal receives controller 3 and is connected on the background computer 1 by bus mode, so signal reception controller 3 can be with the operation note active upload to background computer 1.
When the gateway more for a long time, each signal receive controller 3 by communication converter 7 adopt the TCP/IP networking modes with the operation note active upload to background computer 1.
Installation system management software 8 just can carry out complete monitoring to system identification work on background computer 1, understands the dynamic and position that is identified personnel, vehicle or object in real time; The operation note active collection that signal can also be received controller 3 forms various record forms to background computer 1.
Referring to Fig. 2, a kind of smart exit-entrance control system of discerning objects such as personnel or vehicle comprises some electronic tags 4 by the various possibility of writing of this system distribution identifying information; One is set up in the RFID recognizer 2 of gateway; Signal receives controller 3, and this signal receiver 3 and RFID recognizer 2 connect by data line; Controlled plant 5 and panalarm 6 that some controls gateway opens and closes, several controlled equipment 5 and panalarm 6 receive controller 3 by bus mode and signal and connect.Signal receives controller 3 and is connected on the background computer 1 by bus mode.
This system is mainly based on the RFID REID; The RFID REID is a kind of contactless automatic identification technology, and it is by the automatic recognition objective object of radiofrequency signal and obtain related data, and identification work need not manual intervention, can work in various rugged surroundings.The RFID technology can be discerned high-speed moving object and can discern a plurality of electronic tags 4 simultaneously, and swift and convenient to operate, decipherment distance can reach tens meters.
The RFID recognizer 2 of this system adopts state-of-the-art in the world at present radio RF recognition technology, be called for short the RFID technology, it comprises radio-frequency transmissions circuit and receiving circuit, transmission and translating equipment and the suitable packaging system of adaptation varying environment that solidifies a hyper band.
Referring to Fig. 4, signal receives controller 3 and has signal reception, identity differentiation, output control, information stores and communication translation function.It comprises reception identification signal module 31, output control signal module 32, information storage module 33 and communication transport module 34, receive identification signal module 31 one of them I/O mouth and connect by data line with the output of RFID recognizer 2, another I/O mouth connects with output control signal module 32 and information storage module 33 by communication transport module 34.This signal reception controller 3 is mainly used in parts such as RFID recognizer 2, gateway controlled plant 5, background computers 1 and carries out communication, identification and judgement input signal authority, the action of output control gateway equipment, the transmission transaction data is in background computer 1 database.
Controlled plant 5 comprises class, gate class or track car lug.
Electronic tag 4, comprise signal acceptance and memory, coding translation and decompiling, signal feedback circuit, each electronic tag 4 all adopts waterproof, anti-high temperature, anticorrosion, anti-tampering package design, and the object that can satisfy under the various rugged surroundings is pasted, and adopts wireless connections and communication.
Electronic tag 4 can be used for discerning outside the personnel identity, can also insert object and come the identity of recognition object or be installed in the identity safety that is used for discerning vehicle on the vehicle.
Referring to Fig. 5, installation system management software 8 in background computer 1, can carry out complete monitoring to system identification work, can understand the dynamic and position of the personnel of being identified, vehicle or object in real time, this system management software 8 comprises that system is provided with module 81, System Privileges module 82, communication management module 83, real-time monitoring module 84, searching and managing module 85, data maintenance module 86 etc.
Referring to Fig. 3, when needs are controlled a plurality of gateways, just need a plurality of signals reception controllers 3 and control; A background computer 1 can connect 128 signals at most and receive controller 3, each signal receives between the controller 3 and connects by the RS422 bus mode, and then be connected with background computer 1 by RS422/RS232 communication converter 7, the signal and communication distance can reach 1200 meters, just can control these signals easily by the system management software 8 and receive controller 3, thereby control controlled plant 5 reaches the effect of gateway control; Simultaneously, the system management software can also be monitored each controlled plant 5, understands the turnover situation of each gateway.
Certainly,, do not spend performing creative labour, on the basis of the foregoing description, can do multiple variation, can realize purpose of the present invention equally for one of ordinary skill in the art.But this variation obviously should be in the protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of smart exit-entrance control method, this method may further comprise the steps: at first by the system distribution electronic tag, write and variously may recognize information; Stick on electronic tag on the object or be built in the object, be arranged on the various information radiofrequency signals that may discern that comprise of detected electrons label emission that the RFID recognizer of gateway do not stop, detect the information that after the electronic tag radiofrequency signal radiofrequency signal is comprised and send signal reception controller to, receive controller by signal and judge information authority and storage; If identity effectively then provides and controls signal to controlled plant, controlled plant is opened and the discrepancy of permission object after receiving signal; If the non-rule of identity provides alerting signal to panalarm and sends warning, come in and go out to stop object.
2, the employed smart exit-entrance control system of method according to claim 1 is characterized in that comprising:
Some electronic tags by the various possibility of writing of this system distribution identifying information;
One is set up in the RFID recognizer of gateway;
Signal receives controller, and this signal receiver connects by data line with the RFID recognizer;
Controlled plant and panalarm that some controls gateway opens and closes, described several controlled equipment and panalarm receive controller by bus mode and signal and connect.
3, control system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: described signal receives controller and is connected on the background computer by bus or TCP/IP networking mode, gathers various information and becomes form.
4, control system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: the radio-frequency transmissions circuit that solidifies a hyper band in the described RFID recognizer at least.
5, control system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described signal receives controller, comprise and receive identification signal module, output control signal module, information storage module and communication transport module, receive one of them I/O mouth of identification signal module and connect by data line with the output of RFID recognizer, another I/O mouth connects with output control signal module and information storage module by the communication transport module.
6, control system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described signal receives controller and can a plurality ofly link together, bus connecting mode by RS422 is connected to each other, be connected with background computer by the RS422/RS232 communication converter again, each signal reception controller with data transmission to background computer.
7, control system as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that; Described communication converter comprises data reception module, format converting module and data outputting module, and data reception module connects with data outputting module by format converting module.
8, control system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described background computer, the system management software is installed, this system management software makes to carry out complete monitoring, can understand the dynamic and position of the personnel of being identified, vehicle or object in real time, software comprises that system is provided with module, System Privileges module, communication management module, real-time monitoring module, searching and managing module, data maintenance module.
CN 200510111190 2005-12-06 2005-12-06 Smart exit-entrance control method and system Pending CN1979521A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510111190 CN1979521A (en) 2005-12-06 2005-12-06 Smart exit-entrance control method and system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200510111190 CN1979521A (en) 2005-12-06 2005-12-06 Smart exit-entrance control method and system

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CN1979521A true CN1979521A (en) 2007-06-13

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101777237A (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-07-14 河海大学常州校区 Curtain-type intelligent safe detection device and detection method
CN101866506A (en) * 2010-03-29 2010-10-20 张长明 Large-gate large-channel automobile barrier system
CN101909203A (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-12-08 杭州麦芝西柏智能科技有限公司 Radio-frequency tracking, positioning and monitoring method and system thereby
CN102592336A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-18 上海交通大学 Construction method for person and mobile carrier access control management system
CN102831774A (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-12-19 上海宝康电子控制工程有限公司 System and method for managing vehicles in closed residential area
CN103247116A (en) * 2012-02-14 2013-08-14 薛涛 Security and protection system based on combination of video analysis, space positioning and RFID
CN105374092A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 镇江东软信息技术有限公司 Intelligent residential district management system database design method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101777237A (en) * 2010-03-02 2010-07-14 河海大学常州校区 Curtain-type intelligent safe detection device and detection method
CN101866506A (en) * 2010-03-29 2010-10-20 张长明 Large-gate large-channel automobile barrier system
CN101909203A (en) * 2010-04-12 2010-12-08 杭州麦芝西柏智能科技有限公司 Radio-frequency tracking, positioning and monitoring method and system thereby
CN101909203B (en) * 2010-04-12 2012-05-23 杭州深浪智能科技有限公司 Radio-frequency tracking, positioning and monitoring method and system thereby
CN102831774A (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-12-19 上海宝康电子控制工程有限公司 System and method for managing vehicles in closed residential area
CN102831774B (en) * 2011-06-16 2016-03-09 上海宝康电子控制工程有限公司 Vehicle management system for closed community and management method
CN102592336A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-18 上海交通大学 Construction method for person and mobile carrier access control management system
CN103247116A (en) * 2012-02-14 2013-08-14 薛涛 Security and protection system based on combination of video analysis, space positioning and RFID
CN105374092A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-03-02 镇江东软信息技术有限公司 Intelligent residential district management system database design method

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