CN1973698A - Tobacco stem-leaf separating and re-curing process - Google Patents

Tobacco stem-leaf separating and re-curing process Download PDF

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CN1973698A
CN1973698A CN 200610163801 CN200610163801A CN1973698A CN 1973698 A CN1973698 A CN 1973698A CN 200610163801 CN200610163801 CN 200610163801 CN 200610163801 A CN200610163801 A CN 200610163801A CN 1973698 A CN1973698 A CN 1973698A
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material
stem
leaf
tobacco
stems
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CN 200610163801
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李乃森
吴华强
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云南昆船设计研究院
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Publication of CN1973698A publication Critical patent/CN1973698A/en

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Abstract

The tobacco stem-leaf separating, threshing and re-curing process includes the separation between tobacco stem and tobacco leaf and the following separated tobacco stem and tobacco leaf treating steps: 1. feeding to constant flow rate controlling system; 2. tobacco stem material temperature and humidity increasing treatment and storing; and tobacco leaf material vacuum remoistening and/or temperature and humidity increasing treatment; 3. sieving out silt; 4. wind separating out other impurity; 5. feeding to constant flow rate controlling system; 6. the last temperature and humidity increasing treatment; 7. eliminating metal impurity; and 8. separating tobacco stem from tobacco leaf in a vertical threshing machine and a horizontal threshing machine, and final separated re-curing and packing of tobacco stem and tobacco leaf. The present invention treats tobacco stem and tobacco leaf separately to reach ideal treating effects.

Description

烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺 Tobacco Bagengbaye separation process Dayefukao

技术领域 FIELD

本发明属于烟叶打叶复烤技术领域。 Roasting according to the present invention belongs to the technical field of tobacco.

背景技术 Background technique

烟农将烟叶进行初烤后要对烟叶进行分级并扎把,烟把中烟梗含量较高的叶基部分称为把梗,烟把中去掉把梗后剩余的部分以叶片为主,我们称之为把叶。 First the tobacco farmers after baking to be graded and for bundling tobacco, tobacco stems in the higher content of the leaf stalk moiety referred to, in the smoke to remove the remaining portion of the rear blades to the main stem, we call it is the leaves.

目前,打叶复烤工艺可分为切尖打叶复烤工艺和全打叶复烤工艺两种。 Currently, the process can be divided Roasting Roasting process and cut the tip Roasting whole process two kinds. 切尖打叶复烤工艺是在烟叶预回潮处理后由人工逐把将烟叶摆放在切尖摆把台上进行切尖解把,切分为叶尖和叶基两部分,叶基部分经过处理后经过打叶机组进行叶梗分离。 Roasting process is a sharp cut in the tobacco processed manually by premoisturizing the tobacco placed in the posing tipping the tipping platform for the solution, the tip and cut into two parts, leaf base, leaf base portion through after threshing crew performed the stems separated after treatment. 叶尖部分经叶尖处理线后与叶基部分叶梗分离出的叶片汇总。 Tip portion of the separated portion of the stems and leaf base treated line of the blade tip after the summary. 切尖打叶复烤工艺的成品质量受人为因素影响较大,容易使叶中含梗率超标,且成品叶片大片率较高,致使制丝线中切丝后长丝率过高,不利于卷烟成品质量。 Roasting tipping process is finished product quality influenced by human factors, tends to excessive leaf stem ratio, and the higher rate of large finished blade, so that after the cut wires made of high filament ratio against cigarette product quality. 全打叶复烤工艺是指无论是否对烟叶进行分切,进入生产线的合格物料全部经过打叶机组进行叶梗分离,没有单独的叶尖处理线的工艺处理方式。 Roasting whole process refers to whether or not to cut tobacco leaves, qualified materials into the production line after all units were threshing the stems separated, no separate process handled tip processing line. 以上两种打叶复烤工艺都没有将把梗和把叶进行分离,在处理时往往只能侧重于叶片的指标要求,不能很好的兼顾烟梗和叶片两者的物理特性,而且烟梗从卧式打叶机组的第一级打叶开始直到最后才分离出来,导致卧式打叶机组的负荷较大,长梗率降低,不利于烟梗的利用。 Roasting the above two processes are the leaves and stems will not be separated, when processing is often only focus on the indicator of the blade, not well balanced physical properties of both the stems and leaves, and stems threshing unit from the first stage horizontal leaves begin to play until finally separated, resulting in horizontal threshing unit load is large, long-stemmed reduced rate is not conducive to the use of tobacco stems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的正是为了克服上述现有技术的不足而提供一种将以烟梗为主的把梗和以叶片为主的把叶进行分离,然后根据两种物料各自的物理特性分别制定适宜的打叶复烤工艺进行加工,从而使成品叶片和烟梗都能得到理想指标的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺。 The object of the present invention is to overcome the above deficiencies of the prior art and to provide a stem will be oriented to the leaves and stems of the leaves of separation based, physical characteristics of each are then suitably formulated in accordance with both materials Dayefukao technology for processing tobacco, and such that the finished blade can get over the stems of the stem to leaf index Roasting separation process.

本发明的目的是通过如下技术方案实现的。 Object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution.

烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,工艺步骤为:①将烟叶逐把摆放在配叶切断设备上,将以烟梗为主的把梗同以叶片为主的把叶进行切断分离;②将把梗和把叶物料分别按下述工艺路线进行加工:a)将把梗和把叶物料分别送入各自的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;b)将把梗物料进行增温增湿处理后贮存;把叶物料装箱进行连续真空回潮处理或进行增温增湿处理或进行连续真空回潮处理后再进行增温增湿处理;c)分别筛分把梗物料和把叶物料,筛出夹杂在物料中的沙石;d)分别风选把梗物料和把叶物料,分选出夹杂在物料中的其它杂质;e)将风选后的把梗物料和把叶物料分别送入各自后续的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;f)分别对把梗物料和把叶物料进行最后一次增温增湿处理;g)分别剔除把梗物料和把叶物料中的金属杂质;h)分别将把 Separating the tobacco leaf stem Dayefukao the process, process steps as follows: ① by the tobacco leaves to be placed in the upper alignment cutting means will cut the stems separated from the stems mainly oriented at a blade with the leaf ; ② the stem and leaf material will be separately processed by the following process route: a) the stem and leaf material will be sent to each respective constant flow control system, a stable control material flow; b) stem material will be warming humidifying process after the storage; packing material leaves the continuous vacuum treatment resurgence warming or humidifying process or continuous vacuum resurgence performed after warming humidifying processing; c), respectively, the screening material and the stems leaf material, in a sieve material in a mixed sand; D) were winnowing the stem and the leaf material materials, sorted out other impurities in the material of the inclusions; E) is selected from the wind after the stem and leaf material materials are fed into the subsequent respective constant flow control system, a stable control material flow; F), respectively, of the stems and the leaves of the material for the last time warming material humidifying process; G), respectively, to remove the stem and leaf material in the material metal impurities; H), respectively, will 梗物料送入立式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;将把叶物料送入卧式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;③将从打叶机送出的叶片和烟梗分别进行复烤包装。 Vertical stem material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; leaves will horizontal material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; ③ sent from the threshing machine and the blade respectively redrying stem packing.

本发明的工艺,第一次对把梗物料进行增温增湿处理前,将把梗物料装箱进行连续真空回潮处理;对把梗物料进行的增温增湿处理次数为2次以上;将筛分后的把叶物料进行贮存;对风选后的把梗物料和把叶物料进行人工在线挑选,挑选出残留的杂物后,再进入各自后续的恒流量控制装置;将剔除了金属杂质的把叶物料送入风分器中风分后,再送入卧式打叶机组;所述的恒流量控制系统由喂料机和电子秤组合而成。 Before the process of the invention, the first material on the stalk for humidifying warming process, the stem material will be continuous vacuum packing process resurgence; warming humidification of the number of processes for stem material is at least 2; and the leaf sieved material for storage; material of the stem and leaf material after the artificial winnowing line selection, after selection of the remaining debris and then into the respective subsequent constant flow control means; to remove metal impurities after the leaf material into the air splitter stroke points, the horizontal and then into the threshing unit; the combination of constant flow feeding system control and electronic scales formed.

把梗物料以烟梗为主,叶片含量较少,可以进行较长时间的贮存,以利于烟梗对水分的充分吸收,提高物料的韧性和耐加工性。 The stem material was mainly tobacco stems, leaves less content, can be stored a long time, sufficient to facilitate the absorption of tobacco stems of moisture, resistance to improve the toughness of materials and processability. 在进行生产时首先将物料进行一系列增温增湿处理,根据需要确定采用何种增温增湿设备及进行增温增湿处理的次数,再经过一定时间的贮存后,增湿水充分渗透到把梗物料中,其耐加工性大大提高。 The first series of warming humidifying process material during the production, which is determined in accordance with the warming and humidification apparatus for warming frequency and humidifying process employed, and then after a certain storage time, full penetration humidification water the material of the stems, which greatly improve the process resistance. 之后将把梗物料经过筛分、风选、人工在线挑选等除杂工序后进入恒流量控制系统,在经过最后一级增温增湿及金属剔除环节后,流量稳定的把梗物料进入立式打叶机中进行叶梗分离,使烟梗与附着在烟梗上的叶片得到分离。 After the material will Terrier after screening, winnowing, removing impurities such as artificial online selection process to enter the constant flow control system, after the last stage of warming and humidifying excluding metal part, the steady flow of material into the vertical stems threshing machine for separation of the stems, tobacco stems and the blade attached to the stem separation is obtained.

把叶物料以叶片为主,烟梗较少,可以在将把叶物料进行一次增温增湿处理后直接经过筛分、风选、挑选等除杂工序后进入恒流量控制系统,在经过最后一级增温增湿及金属剔除环节后,流量稳定的把叶物料进入卧式打叶机组中进行叶梗分离,使烟梗及附着在烟梗上的叶片得到分离。 The leaf material was mainly leaves, stems less, may be performed after a warming humidifying process after sieving, winnowing, the selection step of removing impurities and the like into the constant flow control system would direct leaf material, after the last a warming and humidification after removing the metal part, a stable flow of the leaf material into the threshing unit horizontal leaf stem separation is carried out, so that the stems attached to the stem and leaves was isolated. 将筛分后的把叶进行贮存可以使得不同产地、不同等级的把叶品质得到均衡,满足生产中对烟叶配方的要求。 After screening the leaves can be stored so that different areas and levels of the leaf quality has been balanced to meet the production requirements of the tobacco formulation. 为了尽可能减少在进行叶梗分离时对叶片产生造碎,在进入卧式打叶机组打叶器前可以先设置一组或几组风分器,将在预处理过程中产生的纯净叶片先尽可能分离出来,以减少在后续加工过程中产生的造碎。 To minimize the generation is performed when the blade made of leaf stem pieces separated in the horizontal into the threshing unit can set the pre-threshing is a group or several groups of wind splitter, pure blade generated during pre-treatment before separated out as far as possible, to reduce manufacturing pieces produced in the subsequent processing.

本发明可以根据把梗、把叶两种物料不同的物理特性分别制定相应的加工方法,充分利用立式打叶机烟梗指标好、占地面积小、能耗较低和卧式打叶机组叶片指标好的特点,使成品叶片和烟梗都能得到理想的指标。 According to the present invention may be stems, leaves two materials of different physical characteristics of the respective processing methods were developed, using a vertical full threshing machine stems index, small footprint, low power consumption and horizontal threshing unit leaf index and good, and the stems of the finished blade can be the ideal index. 同时,由于采用切把梗打叶复烤工艺,还可以大大降低卧式打叶机组的负荷,减少原有卧式打叶机组的打叶和风分级数,降低其占地面积和能耗,在采用同样设备的情况下,可以提高整条打叶复烤生产线的生产能力。 Meanwhile, since the cut stems Dayefukao process can also greatly reduce the horizontal threshing unit load, reduce the number of threshing classification wind original horizontal threshing unit, reducing the area and power consumption, in the case of the same device, can increase production capacity Roasting the whole production line.

下面结合说明书附图和实施例进一步阐述本发明的内容。 In conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following examples further illustrate the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的工艺流程图。 FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

如图所示,本发明的工艺过程如下:①将烟叶逐把摆放在配叶切断台上,将以烟梗为主的把梗同以叶片为主的把叶进行切断分离;②将把梗物料按下述工艺路线进行加工:a)将把梗送入由喂料机和电子秤组成的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;b)将把梗物料装箱送入连续真空回潮系统进行真空回潮处理,再送入滚筒式润叶机中进行增温增湿处理,根据烟梗情况增温增湿处理可进行多次,然后进行贮存,以使烟梗充分吸收水分,提高物料的韧性和耐加工性;c)用振动筛分机筛分贮存后的把梗物料,筛出夹杂在物料中的沙石;d)对把梗物料进行风选,分选出夹杂在物料中的其它杂质;然后再进行人工在线挑选,挑选出残留的杂物;e)将风选后的把梗物料送入后续的由喂料机和电子秤组成的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;f)将把梗物料送入滚 As illustrated, the process of the present invention is as follows: ① by the tobacco placed in the table with the cutting blade, the stems will be mainly in the stem with the leaf blade is cut based separation; ② will stem material processed according to the following process route: a) will stem the flow control system is fed by a constant feed composition and electronic scales, a stable control material flow; b) continuously feeding the packing material will stems resurgence in vacuo resurgence vacuum processing system, and then into the drum for processing Runye warming humidifying machine, according to the stems where warming humidifying treatment may be performed a plurality of times, and then stored, so that the stems fully absorb the moisture, improve material toughness and workability; c) with the stem material after sieving storage vibratory screening machine, the screen material is mixed in the sand; D) of the stem material for winnowing sorted material mixed in the other impurities; then online manual selection, selection of the residual debris; E) is selected from the wind into the stem material from the feeder and the subsequent electronic scales composed of constant flow control system, a stable control material flow; f) will Terrier material into the roll 式润叶机中进行最后一次增温增湿处理;g)用异物剔除装置剔除把梗物料中的金属杂质;h)将把梗物料送入立式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;将把叶物料按下述工艺路线进行加工:a)将把叶物料送入由喂料机和电子秤组成的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;b)将把叶物料装箱送入连续真空回潮系统进行连续真空回潮处理或送入滚筒式润叶机进行增温增湿处理或进行连续真空回潮处理后再进行增温增湿处理;c)用辊式或滚筒式筛分机筛分把叶物料,筛出夹杂在物料中的沙石; Runye type machine for final processing humidifying warming; G) with the foreign matter removing means to remove metal impurities in the material stems; H) will be vertical stem material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; will leaf material processing performed by the following process route: a) leaves the material will flow into the constant feeder and control system composed of electronic scales, a stable control material flow; b) continuously feeding the packing material leaves will vacuo resurgence resurgence continuous vacuum system or fed to a drum machine Runye warming or humidifying process for continuously warming the resurgence of vacuum processing after humidifying; c) with a roll or drum sieve sieving the leaves materials, in the sieve material in a mixed sand;

d)将筛分后的把叶贮存一定时间,使不同产地、不同等级的把叶品质得到均衡;e)风选把叶物料,分选出夹杂在物料中的其它杂质;然后再进行人工在线挑选,挑选出残留的杂物;f)将风选后的把叶物料送入后续的由喂料机和电子秤组成的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;g)将把叶物料送入滚筒式润叶机中进行最后一次增温增湿处理;h)用异物剔除装置剔除把叶物料中的金属杂质;i)将剔除了金属杂质的把叶物料送入一组或几组风分器中进行风分,将在预处理过程中产生的纯净叶片先尽可能分离出来,以减少在后续加工过程中产生的造碎;j)将把叶物料送入卧式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;③将从打叶机送出的叶片和烟梗分别进行复烤包装。 d) screening the leaf after a certain storage time, so that different areas and levels of the quality of the leaves are equalized; E) winnowing the leaf material, sorted other impurities entrained in the material; and then manually Online selection, pick the residual debris; F) after winnowing the leaf material into the constant flow rate control system by a subsequent feeder and electronic scales composed of a stable material flow control; G) leaves the material will be sent Runye the drum machine for final processing humidifying warming; H) with a foreign body removal means to remove metal impurities in the material leaves; I) to remove the metallic impurities into the material leaves a group or several groups of wind wind carried splitter points, pure blade generated during pretreatment to separate as much as possible to reduce the generated pieces made in subsequent processing; J) will horizontal leaf material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; ③ sent from the threshing machine and the blade respectively redrying stem packing.

本发明工艺中所使用的各种设备系统不仅限于本实施例所述及的类型和名称,使用同类性质的设备完成本发明的工艺均属本发明保护的内容。 The system of equipment used in the process of the invention is not limited to the embodiment and the type and name of the present embodiment, the device uses the contents of a similar nature to complete the process of the present invention belong to the protection of the present invention. 本发明的工艺流程组合也不仅限于本实施例,根据实际生产需要,可以选择组合。 The process combination of the invention is also not limited to the present embodiment, the actual production needs, the combination can be selected.

Claims (7)

1.烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,工艺步骤为:①将烟叶逐把摆放在配叶切断设备上,将以烟梗为主的把梗同以叶片为主的把叶进行切断分离;②将把梗和把叶物料分别按下述工艺路线进行加工:a)将把梗和把叶物料分别送入各自的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;b)将把梗物料进行增温增湿处理后贮存;把叶物料装箱进行连续真空回潮处理或进行增温增湿处理或进行连续真空回潮处理后再进行增温增湿处理;c)分别筛分把梗物料和把叶物料,筛出夹杂在物料中的沙石;d)分别风选把梗物料和把叶物料,分选出夹杂在物料中的其它杂质;e)将风选后的把梗物料和把叶物料分别送入各自后续的恒流量控制系统,控制稳定的物料流量;f)分别对把梗物料和把叶物料进行最后一次增温增湿处理;g)分别剔除把梗物料和把叶物料中的金属杂 1. The tobacco leaf stem to Dayefukao separation process, characterized in that the process steps are as follows: ① by the tobacco leaves to be placed in the cutting apparatus equipped, the stems will be mainly in the stem with the main blade separation of the cutting blade; ② the stem and leaf material will be separately processed by the following process route: a) the stem and leaf material will be sent to each respective constant flow control system, a stable control material flow; B ) after the stem material will be stored warming humidification process; packing material leaves the continuous vacuum treatment resurgence warming or humidifying process or continuous vacuum resurgence performed after warming humidifying processing; c) respectively sieve the sub-leaf stem material, and the materials mixed in a sieve material in the sand; D) were winnowing the stem and the leaf material materials, sorted out other impurities in the material of the inclusions; E) after the winnowing the stems and the leaves of material are fed to the respective subsequent material constant flow control system, a stable control material flow; F), respectively, of the stems and the leaves of the material for the last time warming material humidifying process; G) the stems were removed the leaf material and the metal material heteroaryl 质;h)分别将把梗物料送入立式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;将把叶物料送入卧式打叶机中进行叶梗分离;③将从打叶机送出的叶片和烟梗分别进行复烤包装。 Quality; H) will each vertical stem material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; leaves will horizontal material into the threshing machine for separating the stems; ③ from the threshing machine and tobacco leaves fed Terrier were redrying packaging.
2.根据权利要求1所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,第一次对把梗物料进行增温增湿处理前,将把梗物料装箱进行连续真空回潮处理。 The tobacco according to a leaf stem Dayefukao separation process, wherein, before the first material on the stalk for warming humidifying process will be a continuous vacuum stem packing material as claimed in claim resurgence deal with.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,对把梗物料进行的增温增湿处理次数为2次以上。 The tobacco of claim 1 or 2 leaves the isolated stem Roasting process as claimed in claim, characterized in that the number of processes for the humidification warming stem material is carried out twice or more.
4.根据权利要求1所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,将筛分后的把叶物料进行贮存。 The tobacco according to a leaf stem Dayefukao separation process, wherein, after the material leaves the screening for storage claims.
5.根据权利要求1所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,对风选后的把梗物料和把叶物料进行人工在线挑选,挑选出残留的杂物后,再进入各自后续的恒流量控制装置。 The tobacco according to a leaf stem Dayefukao separation process, characterized in that the material of the stem and the leaf material after winnowing online manual selection, selection of the residual debris after claim, subsequent re-entering the respective constant flow control means.
6.根据权利要求1所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,将剔除了金属杂质的把叶物料送入风分器中风分后,再送入卧式打叶机组。 The tobacco according to claim 1 to the leaf stems Dayefukao separation process, characterized in that the leaf material to remove the metal impurities into the air splitter stroke points, the horizontal and then into the threshing unit .
7.根据权利要求1所述的烟叶把梗把叶分离打叶复烤工艺,其特征在于,所述的恒流量控制系统由喂料机和电子秤组合而成。 The tobacco according to a leaf stem Dayefukao separation process, characterized in that said control system is a combination of constant flow feeding and electronic scales from the claims.
CN 200610163801 2006-12-12 2006-12-12 Tobacco stem-leaf separating and re-curing process CN1973698A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100551280C (en) 2008-01-17 2009-10-21 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Tobacco raw material vacuum charging equipment
CN101683181B (en) 2008-09-27 2012-01-18 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for preparing cut stems used for cigarettes
CN103054161A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-04-24 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Tobacco stem shred preparation method
CN103148791A (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-06-12 云南昆船设计研究院 Method for measuring cabo structure and distribution of cabo structure
CN105212252A (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-06 云南昆船设计研究院 A kind of former cigarette selection method of man-computer cooperation and technique

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100551280C (en) 2008-01-17 2009-10-21 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Tobacco raw material vacuum charging equipment
CN101683181B (en) 2008-09-27 2012-01-18 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Method for preparing cut stems used for cigarettes
CN103054161A (en) * 2013-01-17 2013-04-24 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Tobacco stem shred preparation method
CN103148791A (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-06-12 云南昆船设计研究院 Method for measuring cabo structure and distribution of cabo structure
CN105212252A (en) * 2015-09-23 2016-01-06 云南昆船设计研究院 A kind of former cigarette selection method of man-computer cooperation and technique

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