CN1962735B - High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus - Google Patents

High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1962735B
CN1962735B CN2006101343485A CN200610134348A CN1962735B CN 1962735 B CN1962735 B CN 1962735B CN 2006101343485 A CN2006101343485 A CN 2006101343485A CN 200610134348 A CN200610134348 A CN 200610134348A CN 1962735 B CN1962735 B CN 1962735B
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China
Prior art keywords
cracking
storehouse
valve
energy
pipe
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2006101343485A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1962735A (en
Inventor
李大光
于树坤
林淑琴
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李大光
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Priority to CN2006101343485A priority Critical patent/CN1962735B/en
Publication of CN1962735A publication Critical patent/CN1962735A/en
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Publication of CN1962735B publication Critical patent/CN1962735B/en
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • C10B53/07Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of solid raw materials consisting of synthetic polymeric materials, e.g. tyres
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B49/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated
    • C10B49/02Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials by direct heating with heat-carrying agents including the partial combustion of the solid material to be treated with hot gases or vapours, e.g. hot gases obtained by partial combustion of the charge
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G1/00Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal
    • C10G1/10Production of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures from oil-shale, oil-sand, or non-melting solid carbonaceous or similar materials, e.g. wood, coal from rubber or rubber waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/141Feedstock
    • Y02P20/143Feedstock the feedstock being recycled material, e.g. plastics

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-effect energy-saving waste rubber cracking equipment, which comprises the following parts: feed bin (1), at least two cracking bins (2), discharge bin (3), heat vent (4) in connection with cracking bin (2), wherein the valve (6) is connected between heat vent (4) and the first cracking bin (2); the waste heat vent (5) connects next cracking bin (2) through valve (7).

Description

Energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of equipment that recycles waste old, plastics, especially a kind ofly waste old, plastics can be carried out harmless treatment and can therefrom obtain multiple byproduct and energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus again.
Background technology:
At present, more for the method and apparatus that waste old, plastics recycle, to have plenty of the pyroprocess of utilization and handle, its temperature is up to 1200 ℃, not only waste energy but also also have a large amount of toxic gases and solids to discharge, cause serious environmental to pollute; The buried mode of the employing that has is handled, though need not to use the energy, can cause great pollution to soil; Also having a kind of is that additive is sprayed on waste old, the plastics, under the condition of the little negative pressure of low temperature, carry out the cracked method, additive method has the advantage of non-secondary pollution, refuse reproducible utilization and the saving energy relatively, can recycle well the waste products such as tire of component complexity.The little negative pressure cracking apparatus of low temperature mainly contains feeding warehouse, cracking storehouse and the discharging transitional storehouse that is connected, and is connected to heating duct, used heat wind vent pipe with the cracking storehouse.Because existing cracking storehouse is single setting, 600~800 ℃ the hot blast that hotblast stove produced enters the cracking storehouse to the heating of cracking storehouse through heating duct, after cracking finishes, and the effect that its hot blast also just loses, then discharge from used heat wind vent pipe, wasted a large amount of heat energy.Though the cracking apparatus that has is applied in the waste hot gas that is produced on the device such as heat exchanger, owing to the heat energy demand of its heat exchanger is few, has still wasted most of heat energy.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention is in order to solve existing in prior technology thermal waste problem, a kind of heat energy of saving to be provided, reduce production costs, the energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus of enhancing productivity.
Technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus, the feeding warehouse 1, cracking storehouse 2 and the discharging transitional storehouse 3 that are connected are arranged, be connected to heating duct 4, used heat wind vent pipe 5 with cracking storehouse 2, be provided with at least two described cracking storehouses 2, be connected to valve 6 between heating duct 4 and first cracking storehouse 2, used heat wind vent pipe 5 joins by valve 7 and next cracking storehouse 2.
All be connected to valve 6 between described heating duct 4 and each the cracking storehouse 2, valve 7 joins with heating duct 4, is connected to valve 8 on the heating duct 4 between valve 6 and the valve 7.
The axis in described cracking storehouse 2 and the angle of horizontal direction are 35~45 degree.
Described feeding warehouse 1 is provided with inert gas inleting pipe 9, rare gas element escape pipe 10, and inert gas inleting pipe 9 joins with the outlet of process furnace 11, and rare gas element air outlet 10 joins with the import of process furnace 11.
Described discharging transitional storehouse 3 is provided with inert gas inleting pipe 12, rare gas element escape pipe 13, is connected to rare gas element circulation tube 14 between inert gas inleting pipe 12 and the rare gas element escape pipe 13.
Described feeding warehouse 1, discharging transitional storehouse 3 are provided with the air curtain that joins with air pump 15 and form mouth 16.
Be provided with refrigerating unit 17 in the described discharging transitional storehouse 3.
Refrigerating unit 17 is that the bilayer with water inlet pipe 18, rising pipe 19 goes out the feed bin warehouse.
The present invention compares with prior art, has following advantage:
1. at least two cracking storehouses are set, and are connected in the cracking storehouse, can make full use of heat energy, reduce production costs with used heat wind vent pipe;
2. can utilize cracking storehouse quantity and mode of connection (serial or parallel connection), the conserve energy to greatest extent of valve control application according to the practical situation of producing;
3. whole cracking storehouse is obliquely installed, can makes the carbon black of reaction generation and steel wire is slipped to the cracking storehouse automatically under the effect of gravity bottom, discharging is finished fast, improved production efficiency greatly;
4. in the whole process of production, rare gas element recycles, and not only can save the consumption of rare gas element, also can give full play to the pre-heat effect of hot inert gas, has further reduced production cost;
5. set air curtain forms mouthful, can utilize the rare gas element of high speed directed flow to produce the barrier of one rare gas element, can prevent air admission, also can prevent the outflow of rare gas element in the storehouse;
6. at the set refrigerating unit of discharging transitional storehouse, can reduce the temperature of product apace, guarantee product, safety, reliable and can enhance productivity in cryogenic situation bottom discharge.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the cracking storehouse connection diagram of the embodiment of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the cracking storehouse connection diagram of the embodiment of the invention 2.
Fig. 3 is that the cracking storehouse of the embodiment of the invention 3 is provided with synoptic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the feeding warehouse structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4.
Fig. 5 is the discharging transitional storehouse structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5.
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with description of drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Have with the identical feeding warehouse that is connected 1 of prior art, cracking storehouse 2 and discharging transitional storehouse 3, cracking storehouse 2 is a reactor, be connected to heating duct 4, used heat wind vent pipe 5 with cracking storehouse 2, different is to be provided with at least two described cracking storehouses 2 with prior art, three cracking storehouses 2 shown in Figure 1, be connected to valve 6 between heating duct 4 and first cracking storehouse 2, used heat wind vent pipe 5 joins by valve 7 and next cracking storehouse 2.
In process of production, at first utilize warm air that first cracking storehouse 2 is heated to temperature of reaction, when temperature reaches the reaction requirement, by valve 7 waste hot gas in first cracking storehouse 2 is imported in second cracking storehouse 2, preheating is carried out in second cracking storehouse 2; After the 2 abundant preheatings of second cracking storehouse, again from heating duct 4 input hot gas, utilize the higher hot gas of temperature that second cracking storehouse 2 fully heated, and the used heat air that first and second cracking storehouse 2 produces can import to from second cracking storehouse 2 and carries out preheating in the 3rd the cracking storehouse ..., can be together in series according to the cracking storehouse 2 of design requirements with institute's any amount.
Embodiment 2:
Other are with embodiment 1, and different is all to be connected to valve 6 between heating duct 4 and each the cracking storehouse 2 with embodiment 1, and valve 7 joins with heating duct 4, is connected to valve 8 on the heating duct 4 between valve 6 and the valve 7.Can by the switch of by-pass valve control 6,7,8, select one or several cracking storehouses 2 to produce arbitrarily as required, and can control the mode of utilizing of heat energy between the cracking storehouse 2, promptly change parallel connection and series relationship between the cracking storehouse 2.
As valve-off 8, then between the cracking storehouse 2 placed in-line relation.If only close the valve 8 in last cracking storehouse 2, then between the cracking storehouse 2 relation in parallel.
Embodiment 3:
Other can be with embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, and just the angle of the axis in cracking storehouse 2 and horizontal direction is 35~45 degree, is convenient to make the carbon black of reaction generation and steel wire is slipped to the cracking storehouse automatically under the effect of gravity bottom, and discharging is finished fast.
Embodiment 4:
Other can be with embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3, just feeding warehouse 1 is provided with inert gas inleting pipe 9, rare gas element escape pipe 10, inert gas inleting pipe 9 joins with the outlet of process furnace 11, rare gas element air outlet 10 joins with the import of process furnace 11, and is provided with the air curtain formation mouth 16 that joins with air pump 15 on feeding warehouse 1.
Embodiment 5:
Other can be with embodiment 1 or embodiment 2 or embodiment 3 or embodiment 4, discharging transitional storehouse 3 is provided with inert gas inleting pipe 12, rare gas element escape pipe 13, be connected to rare gas element circulation tube 14 between inert gas inleting pipe 12 and the rare gas element escape pipe 13, be provided with refrigerating unit 17 in discharging transitional storehouse 3, promptly the bilayer that joins with water inlet pipe 18, rising pipe 19 goes out the feed bin warehouse.

Claims (8)

1. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus, the feeding warehouse (1), cracking storehouse (2) and the discharging transitional storehouse (3) that are connected are arranged, be connected to heating duct (4), used heat wind vent pipe (5) with cracking storehouse (2), it is characterized in that: be provided with at least two described cracking storehouses (2), be connected to valve (6) between heating duct (4) and first cracking storehouse (2), used heat wind vent pipe (5) joins by valve (7) and next cracking storehouse (2).
2. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: all be connected to valve (6) between described heating duct (4) and each the cracking storehouse (2), valve (7) joins with heating duct (4), is connected to valve (8) on the heating duct (4) between valve (6) and the valve (7).
3. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the axis in described cracking storehouse (2) and the angle of horizontal direction are 35~45 degree.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus, it is characterized in that: described feeding warehouse (1) is provided with inert gas inleting pipe (9), rare gas element escape pipe (10), inert gas inleting pipe (9) joins with the outlet of process furnace (11), and rare gas element air outlet (10) join with the import of process furnace (11).
5. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described discharging transitional storehouse (3) is provided with inert gas inleting pipe (12), rare gas element escape pipe (13), is connected to rare gas element circulation tube (14) between inert gas inleting pipe (12) and the rare gas element escape pipe (13).
6. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described feeding warehouse (1), discharging transitional storehouse (3) are provided with the air curtain that joins with air pump (15) and form mouthful (16).
7. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus, it is characterized in that: be provided with refrigerating unit (17) in the described discharging transitional storehouse (3).
8. energy-efficient waste rubber cracking apparatus according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described refrigerating unit (17) is that the bilayer with water inlet pipe (18), rising pipe (19) goes out the feed bin warehouse.
CN2006101343485A 2006-11-23 2006-11-23 High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN1962735B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101343485A CN1962735B (en) 2006-11-23 2006-11-23 High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101343485A CN1962735B (en) 2006-11-23 2006-11-23 High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus
PCT/CN2007/070966 WO2008061467A1 (en) 2006-11-23 2007-10-26 A high efficient and energy-saving cracking apparatus for waste/used rubber

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN1962735A CN1962735A (en) 2007-05-16
CN1962735B true CN1962735B (en) 2010-12-08

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107760354A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-03-06 叶子毓 The continuous cracking device and application method of a kind of waste old

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1962735B (en) * 2006-11-23 2010-12-08 李大光 High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus
CN108624348A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-09 上海工程技术大学 Preparation process, device and its application as diesel fuel of waste plastics pyrolysis oil

Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1758163A (en) * 2005-09-27 2006-04-12 任丽娟 Automatic control treatment equipment for waste tyre
CN1760334A (en) * 2005-11-03 2006-04-19 李大光 Technique and equipment for cracking worn-out rubber and plastic thorugh additive in low temperature under negative pressure
CN200971344Y (en) * 2006-11-23 2007-11-07 李大光 High efficient energy-saving waste rubber cracking equipment

Family Cites Families (4)

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US5225044A (en) * 1990-03-14 1993-07-06 Wayne Technology, Inc. Pyrolytic conversion system
JPH1088147A (en) * 1996-09-11 1998-04-07 Densen Sogo Gijutsu Center Pyrolytic apparatus
DE10348987B4 (en) * 2003-10-17 2006-01-12 Merenas Establishment Apparatus for performing low-temperature pyrolysis of rubber products and composite products
CN1962735B (en) * 2006-11-23 2010-12-08 李大光 High-performance energy-saving waste rubber cracking apparatus

Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1758163A (en) * 2005-09-27 2006-04-12 任丽娟 Automatic control treatment equipment for waste tyre
CN1760334A (en) * 2005-11-03 2006-04-19 李大光 Technique and equipment for cracking worn-out rubber and plastic thorugh additive in low temperature under negative pressure
CN200971344Y (en) * 2006-11-23 2007-11-07 李大光 High efficient energy-saving waste rubber cracking equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107760354A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-03-06 叶子毓 The continuous cracking device and application method of a kind of waste old

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WO2008061467A1 (en) 2008-05-29

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PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20071026

Address after: No. 211, friendship road, Zhongshan District, Liaoning, Dalian 8-1, China

Applicant after: Li Daguang

Co-applicant after: Yu Shukun

Co-applicant after: Lin Shuqin

Address before: Room 29, 3-9 View Street, Xigang District, Dalian, Liaoning

Applicant before: Li Daguang

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20071109

Address after: No. 211, friendship road, Zhongshan District, Liaoning, Dalian 8-1, China

Applicant after: Li Daguang

Address before: No. 211, friendship road, Zhongshan District, Liaoning, Dalian 8-1, China

Applicant before: Li Daguang

Co-applicant before: Yu Shukun

Co-applicant before: Lin Shuqin

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101208

Termination date: 20131123

C17 Cessation of patent right