CN203980296U - A kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator - Google Patents

A kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203980296U
CN203980296U CN201420381260.3U CN201420381260U CN203980296U CN 203980296 U CN203980296 U CN 203980296U CN 201420381260 U CN201420381260 U CN 201420381260U CN 203980296 U CN203980296 U CN 203980296U
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honey comb
ceramic honey
staggered
regenerative apparatus
heat
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CN201420381260.3U
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陈伟福
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Guangde Long Tai Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Guangde Long Tai Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator, described incinerator comprises: burner hearth and waste gas introducing device, described burner hearth comprises: combustion chamber, heat accumulation chamber and preheating chamber, described heat accumulation is indoor is provided with staggered regenerative apparatus, described staggered regenerative apparatus comprises: the first ceramic honey comb, the second ceramic honey comb and the 3rd ceramic honey comb that are arranged in parallel, and the first ceramic honey comb and the second ceramic honey comb are parallel to each other, and there is part to be overlapping; Indoor away from combustion chamber one side the 3rd ceramic honey comb that be arranged in parallel at heat accumulation, and the 3rd ceramic honey comb width is suitable with heat accumulation chamber width.Described staggered regenerative apparatus, collects heat as far as possible and is stored in incinerator, avoids heat too much to give out incinerator.After transforming by actual process, Natural gas consumption is down to 10% left and right of original use amount, and by six months production and application, its energy-saving effect is remarkable, implementation result is good.

Description

A kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator, the staggered regenerative apparatus using in organic exhaust gas energy-saving incinerator in especially copper-clad plate industry production process.
Background technology
Existing copper-clad plate production and processing adopts " wet process technique ", first claims glue by resin with organic solvent configuration, then with gluing machine, base material is carried out the operations such as gluing, oven dry.In process of production, a large amount of organic solvents evaporate, and they and air are mixed to form " organic exhaust gas ".In these organic exhaust gas, contain more phenol and formaldehyde, if directly these organic exhaust gas are entered in atmosphere and will cause severe contamination to environment, directly affect human body health and ecological environment.In existing production process, be generally that these organic exhaust gas are collected, then deliver in waste gas combustion furnace and concentrate and burn, after burning, form water and carbon dioxide etc., then enter in atmosphere.But the incineration temperature of the benzene ring compounds such as phenol need to reach more than 760 DEG C, otherwise can cannot decompose because temperature deficiency causes it, the tail gas after its burning contains a large amount of pernicious gases.
Existing incinerator comprises " directly-heated type " and " heat accumulating type " two kinds of structural shapes, in order fully to improve incineration temperature, must consume more fuel.For " heat accumulating type " incinerator, adopt how rational deployment of which kind of heat-storing material and regenerative apparatus, directly affect the accumulation of heat effect of incinerator.
Honeycomb ceramic heat accumulator is widely used in industrial thermal equipment power-saving technology aspect at present, and industrial thermal equipment is raised the efficiency, and reduces energy consumption, improves output and improves quality, is the important and effective means that solve energy consumption problem.Honeycomb ceramic heat accumulator section holes mainly contains square and two kinds of pore structures of regular hexagon, and duct is the straight channel structure being parallel to each other.This structure greatly reduces the resistance that pore is flowed through, and has increased substantially the single hole volume heat exchange efficiency of heat storage.
But the ceramic honey comb using in existing incinerator, is directly deposited in incinerator, and high-temperature gas and ceramic honey comb heat exchange are insufficient, and some heat conducts to ground, directly affected accumulation of heat effect, and incinerator energy utilization rate needs further to be improved.
Utility model content
The utility model, just for the deficiency of prior art existence, provides a kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator.
For addressing the above problem, technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator, described incinerator comprises: burner hearth and waste gas introducing device, described burner hearth comprises: combustion chamber, heat accumulation chamber and preheating chamber, described heat accumulation is indoor is provided with staggered regenerative apparatus, described staggered regenerative apparatus comprises: the first ceramic honey comb, the second ceramic honey comb and the 3rd ceramic honey comb that are arranged in parallel, and the first ceramic honey comb and the second ceramic honey comb are parallel to each other, and there is part to be overlapping; Indoor away from combustion chamber one side the 3rd ceramic honey comb that be arranged in parallel at heat accumulation, and the 3rd ceramic honey comb width is suitable with heat accumulation chamber width.
As the improvement of technique scheme, the geometrical relationship between the width h1 of described the first ceramic honey comb, the width h2 of the second ceramic honey comb, the 3rd ceramic honey comb width L is: h1=h2=3/4L.
As the improvement of technique scheme, described staggered regenerative apparatus comprises: the first ceramic honey comb, the first heat insulation and the first clamping part, the first heat insulation setting on the ground, the first clamping part that is shaped as " ∪ " shape is set on the first heat insulation, and the first ceramic honey comb is deposited in the inside of the first clamping part.
As the improvement of technique scheme, described staggered regenerative apparatus comprises: the second heat insulation, the second clamping part, the second ceramic honey comb and the 3rd heat insulation, the 3rd clamping part, the 3rd ceramic honey comb, described the second heat insulation setting on the ground, the second clamping part that is shaped as " ∪ " shape is set on the second heat insulation, and the second ceramic honey comb is deposited in the inside of the second clamping part; Described the 3rd heat insulation setting on the ground, arranges the 3rd clamping part that is shaped as " ∪ " shape on the 3rd heat insulation, and the 3rd ceramic honey comb is deposited in the inside of the 3rd clamping part.
Compared with prior art, implementation result of the present utility model is as follows for the utility model:
Staggered regenerative apparatus described in the utility model, collects heat as far as possible and is stored in incinerator, avoids heat too much to give out incinerator.In the heat flowing out, high-temperature tail gas is used for heating organic exhaust gas to be burned on the one hand, reclaim on the other hand heat for copper-clad plate production process and to cold air preheating.This incinerator structure arranges rationally, remains that burning indoor temperature is more than 800 DEG C, and its energy resource consumption is low, and energy utilization rate is high.After my company transforms by actual process, in equal output situation, original 50m that maintains 3/ h~60m 3the Natural gas consumption of/h, by its Natural gas consumption of improved incinerator is only: 5m 3/ h~6m 3/ h, maintains 10% left and right of original use amount, and passes through six months production and application, and its energy-saving effect is remarkable, and implementation result is good.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of energy-saving incinerator structural representation described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the staggered heat storage device structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1 incinerator;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view in Fig. 2.
Detailed description of the invention
Content of the present utility model is described below in conjunction with specific embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, for a kind of efficient energy-saving incinerator structural representation described in the utility model, efficient energy-saving incinerator described in the utility model, comprise: burner hearth 10 and waste gas introducing device 20, waste gas introducing device 20 guides and enters burner hearth 10 after the organic exhaust gas producing in copper-clad plate process of manufacture is collected, and discharges after burning in burner hearth 10 again.Described burner hearth 10 comprises: combustion chamber 11, heat accumulation chamber 12 and preheating chamber 13, and heat accumulation chamber 12 is communicated with combustion chamber 11, and heat accumulation chamber 12 is communicated with preheating chamber 13.In combustion chamber 11, be also provided with: gas-adding pipe 14 and igniter head 15, described gas-adding pipe 14 is used for introducing extraneous natural gas, and described igniter head 15 is used for interior combustion chamber 11 gas to light burning.After introducing natural gas that the organic exhaust gas of combustion chamber 11 enters with gas-adding pipe 14 and mixing, then burn under igniter head 15 is lighted a fire, like this by organic exhaust gas in the interior burning in combustion chamber 11.
Described waste gas introducing device 20 comprises: plenum chamber 21, blower fan 22, tube connector 23, the first control valve 24 and coiled pipe 25, the interior collection of plenum chamber 21 stores the organic exhaust gas producing in copper-clad plate process of manufacture, tube connector 23 is connected together plenum chamber 21, blower fan 22 and coiled pipe 25, described coiled pipe 25 is arranged in preheating chamber 13, the first control valve 24 is arranged on tube connector 23 and coiled pipe 25 junctions, and controls organic exhaust gas and enter the flow of coiled pipe 25.Under the effect of blower fan 22, organic exhaust gas enters coiled pipe 25 by tube connector 23.Described coiled pipe 25 is the bending connecting pipe of multistage, and fully contacts with mobile air in preheating chamber 13, improves the inner organic exhaust gas efficiency of heating surface of coiled pipe 25.
In described heat accumulation chamber 12, be provided with staggered regenerative apparatus 30, as shown in Figure 2 to 4, described staggered regenerative apparatus 30 comprises: the first ceramic honey comb 31, the second ceramic honey comb 32 and the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 that are arranged in parallel, and the first ceramic honey comb 31 and the second ceramic honey comb 32 are parallel to each other, and there is part to be overlapping.In heat accumulation chamber 12, away from combustion chamber 11 1 sides the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 that be arranged in parallel, and the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 width are suitable with heat accumulation chamber 12 width, force like this high-temperature tail gas all through the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33, and its heat is stored.Described the first ceramic honey comb 31, the second ceramic honey comb 32 and the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 pile up for polylith ceramic honey comb brick the body of wall forming.
The width of described the first ceramic honey comb 31 is h1, the width of the second ceramic honey comb 32 is h2, the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 width are L, its geometrical relationship is each other: h1=h2=3/4L, the length that ensures like this first ceramic honey comb 31 and the second ceramic honey comb 32 overlapped parts is 1/2L, fully forces high-temperature tail gas to pass staggered regenerative apparatus 30.
Staggered regenerative apparatus 30 described in the utility model, forces high-temperature tail gas by force by staggered regenerative apparatus 30, and its internal heat is trapped in staggered regenerative apparatus 30, makes full use of the characteristic of ceramic honey comb as heat accumulating.In addition, the structure setting being interspersed, has stoped the rapid flow of high-temperature tail gas, forces its march linear flow moving, makes itself and staggered regenerative apparatus 30 fully carry out heat exchange.
When organic exhaust gas enters after 11 burnings of combustion chamber, the tail gas after burning enters heat accumulation chamber 12 again.The exhaust temperature of now discharging can reach 600 DEG C~800 DEG C, high-temperature tail gas directly contacts and passes therethrough with the second ceramic honey comb 32 with the first ceramic honey comb 31 being interspersed, rapidly heat is conducted to the first ceramic honey comb 31 and the second ceramic honey comb 32, and finally enter again preheating chamber 13 through after the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33.
The tail gas that enters preheating chamber 13 is near below 600 DEG C, but still has higher temperature, can not enter in atmosphere.Therefore, in preheating chamber 13 described in the utility model, be provided with the coiled pipe 25 of multistage, tail gas is in the interior circulation of preheating chamber 13, interior coiled pipe 25 mobile organic exhaust gas is carried out to preheating, like this, reduce exhaust temperature on the one hand, improved again on the other hand the preheat temperature of organic exhaust gas, be conducive to follow-up igniting and burn.
Tail gas still has higher temperature from the interior outflow of preheating chamber 13, all right cycling and reutilization, therefore, incinerator described in the utility model, also be provided with heat-exchange device 40 in burner hearth 10 exits, connect air preheater 50 in heat-exchange device 40 exits, then on air preheater 50, be communicated with tail gas discharger 60.Because organic exhaust gas needs large quantity of air in the time burning, and these air without preheating are while directly importing combustion chamber 11, and the inevitable incineration temperature that greatly reduce organic exhaust gas, therefore, need to carry out the pre-heat treatment to these air.
Incinerator described in the utility model, connect air preheater 50 in heat-exchange device 40 exits, recycling pipeline to tube connector 23, arranges the second control valve 51, the second control valves 51 and is used for controlling the flow of preheated air by the air communication after preheating in pipeline.Under the effect of blower fan 22, the air being preheated flowing out in air preheater 50 in tube connector 23 and follow-up coiled pipe 25 with organic exhaust gas Hybrid Heating, then enter burning in combustion chamber 11.
The tail gas flowing out from air preheater 50, by after heat recovery, its temperature is reduced to 100 DEG C~150 DEG C, and subsequent recovery cost is higher, and its temperature does not have much affect to atmosphere, can directly enter in atmosphere.Therefore, final tail gas enters in atmosphere by tail gas discharger 60.
Heat-exchange device 40 described in the utility model, it can adopt air as heat-conducting medium, also can adopt oil as heat-conducting medium.In the time adopting air as heat-conducting medium, in order effectively to control the temperature of hot-air, can on heat-exchange device 40, cold air be set and enter pipeline.In the time that the hot air temperature in heat-exchange device 40 is too high, enter pipeline by cold air and import more cold air, can realize its temperature and reduce, in the time that hot air temperature is within the scope of limiting temperature, can closes cold air and enter pipeline.When using oil as heat-conducting medium, the higher oil of temperature, by using hot charging postpone on production line, lowers oil temperature higher temperature, then the oil of low temperature is introduced to heat-exchange device 40 with pipeline, circulating-heating uses like this, within keeping the oily temperature range needing in technique all the time.
As shown in Figure 2 to 4, staggered regenerative apparatus 30 described in the utility model, can not directly be placed on 12Nei ground, heat accumulation chamber, and this is because high-temperature tail gas is easy to heat to derive by ground.In addition, high-temperature tail gas is layer distributed in heat accumulation chamber 12, and it is highly higher for the higher tail gas of temperature.Therefore, the first ceramic honey comb 31 described in the utility model, the first heat insulation 31a is set on the ground, the the first clamping part 31b that is shaped as " ∪ " shape is set on the first heat insulation 31a, the first ceramic honey comb 31 is deposited in the inside of the first clamping part 31b, and the first clamping part 31b has ensured that the high-temperature tail gas that flow velocity is larger can not collapse when through the first ceramic honey comb 31.The first heat insulation 31a is used for ground and the first ceramic honey comb 31 to keep apart, and avoids heat to conduct to ground.
Similarly, the second heat insulation 32a is set on the ground, the second clamping part 32b that is shaped as " ∪ " shape is set on the second heat insulation 32a, the second ceramic honey comb 32 is deposited in the inside of the second clamping part 32b; The 3rd heat insulation 33a is set on the ground, the 3rd clamping part 33b that is shaped as " ∪ " shape is set on the 3rd heat insulation 33a, the 3rd ceramic honey comb 33 is deposited in the inside of the 3rd clamping part 33b.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and modification and not depart from spirit and scope of the present utility model the utility model.Like this, if these amendments of the present utility model and within modification belongs to the scope of the utility model claim and equivalent technologies thereof, the utility model is also intended to comprise these changes and modification interior.

Claims (4)

1. the staggered regenerative apparatus of an energy-saving incinerator, described incinerator comprises: burner hearth (10) and waste gas introducing device (20), described burner hearth (10) comprising: combustion chamber (11), heat accumulation chamber (12) and preheating chamber (13), it is characterized in that, in described heat accumulation chamber (12), be provided with staggered regenerative apparatus (30), described staggered regenerative apparatus (30) comprising: the first ceramic honey comb (31) being arranged in parallel, the second ceramic honey comb (32) and the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33), and the first ceramic honey comb (31) is parallel to each other with the second ceramic honey comb (32), and there is part to be overlapping, in heat accumulation chamber (12), away from combustion chamber (11) one sides the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33) that be arranged in parallel, and the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33) width is suitable with heat accumulation chamber (12) width.
2. the staggered regenerative apparatus of a kind of energy-saving incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the geometrical relationship between the width h1 of described the first ceramic honey comb (31), the width h2 of the second ceramic honey comb (32), the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33) width L is: h1=h2=3/4L.
3. the staggered regenerative apparatus of a kind of energy-saving incinerator according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described staggered regenerative apparatus (30) comprising: the first ceramic honey comb (31), the first heat insulation (31a) and the first clamping part (31b), the first heat insulation (31a) arranges on the ground, at upper the first clamping part (31b) that is shaped as " ∪ " shape that arranges of the first heat insulation (31a), the first ceramic honey comb (31) is deposited in the inside of the first clamping part (31b).
4. the staggered regenerative apparatus of a kind of energy-saving incinerator according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described staggered regenerative apparatus (30) comprising: the second heat insulation (32a), the second clamping part (32b), the second ceramic honey comb (32) and the 3rd heat insulation (33a), the 3rd clamping part (33b), the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33), described the second heat insulation (32a) arranges on the ground, at upper the second clamping part (32b) that is shaped as " ∪ " shape that arranges of the second heat insulation (32a), the second ceramic honey comb (32) is deposited in the inside of the second clamping part (32b), described the 3rd heat insulation (33a) arranges on the ground, at upper the 3rd clamping part (33b) that is shaped as " ∪ " shape that arranges of the 3rd heat insulation (33a), the 3rd ceramic honey comb (33) is deposited in the inside of the 3rd clamping part (33b).
CN201420381260.3U 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 A kind of staggered regenerative apparatus of energy-saving incinerator Active CN203980296U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106016308A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 曾光龙 Horizontal RTO (Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer)
CN106931642A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 沈阳兰昊新能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel heat accumulating type hot air boiler
CN113944934A (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-01-18 黄晟语 Heat accumulating type ceiling structure for grate furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106931642A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 沈阳兰昊新能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel heat accumulating type hot air boiler
CN106016308A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 曾光龙 Horizontal RTO (Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer)
CN113944934A (en) * 2021-10-12 2022-01-18 黄晟语 Heat accumulating type ceiling structure for grate furnace

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