CN1868849A - Realizing method of multi-car elevator - Google Patents

Realizing method of multi-car elevator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1868849A
CN1868849A CN 200610044682 CN200610044682A CN1868849A CN 1868849 A CN1868849 A CN 1868849A CN 200610044682 CN200610044682 CN 200610044682 CN 200610044682 A CN200610044682 A CN 200610044682A CN 1868849 A CN1868849 A CN 1868849A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flat bed
decline
car
bed room
well
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200610044682
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔令中
Original Assignee
孔令中
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孔令中 filed Critical 孔令中
Priority to CN 200610044682 priority Critical patent/CN1868849A/en
Publication of CN1868849A publication Critical patent/CN1868849A/en

Links

Abstract

A method for implementing the multi-car elevator features that multi-car can be running in a single well channel and the number of cars can be increased or decreased according to the number of passengers. In a well channel, there are rising-up channel, lowering-down channel, the floor rooms for rising up and the floor rooms for lowering down.

Description

The elevator with multiple compartments implementation method

Technical field

The present invention relates to elevator technology, the quantity that is specially car can according to how many elevator with multiple compartments implementations of increasing and decreasing of passenger flow.

Background technology

Along with the develop rapidly of science and technology, it is more and more littler that the earth is just becoming, and along with the raising of living standards of the people, it is more and more precious that the soil also becomes, and along with the raising of building and correlation technique with popularize, skyscraper also stands more and more all over the world.Performance height as the elevator of skyscraper vertical transportation Transport Machinery just seems more and more important.In the prior art, the elevator that skyscraper is used, the liter of car and fall all and in a lift well, finish, the elevator of this structure, no matter it is how high that floor has, employed car is limited several portions, for using at very high floor, the problem that exists seems that exactly car is very few, waits for the overlong time of elevator more for a long time the stream of people.For example, in the former 102 layers skyscraper of New York city,U.S, the U.S. this elevator company of ladder difficult to understand is for this building manufacturing and 74 elevators (elevator speed is up to more than the 10m/s now) that speed is 6.0m/s have been installed, but when on and off duty, still unavoidably waits in line.We know that in skyscraper, space is most valuable, if the passenger train that can on train way, run, on same track, several times conditional trains of the many for a long time increases of passenger flow, passenger flow drops into several cars after a little while less; Last may be stopped at the A floor, just may cross the A floor and directly goes up the B floor for back one.Like this, both having reduced the space that elevator takies, and reduced the time that people wait again, will be very necessary.

Summary of the invention

In order to solve the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of elevator with multiple compartments implementation, can increase and decrease according to passenger flow, reduce the time that the occupant waits for the quantity that reaches car, reduce elevator and take up room, improve delivery efficient.

Technical scheme of the present invention is, the elevator with multiple compartments implementation method, it is characterized in that, one or more cars travel in gug or the unidirectional decline well on unidirectional, gug and decline well are provided with the rising flat bed Room and the decline flat bed Room on each floor correspondence, the rising flat bed Room and the decline flat bed Room are established rising Room door and decline Room door respectively, car can be implemented in as required gug to the rising flat bed Room or decline well to the round translation between the decline flat bed Room to admit the guest of upstream or downstream; Move to a layer decline flat bed Room by the rising flat bed Room at top layer, admit descending guest; Move to the layer rising flat bed Room by the decline flat bed Room in basic unit, admit up passenger, form thus and go up gug, each layer flat bed Room of rising, upward gug, the rising top layer flat bed Room, the decline top layer flat bed Room, decline well, each layer flat bed Room that descends, decline well, the decline basic unit flat bed Room, the rising basic unit flat bed Room, the upward unidirectional circulation of gug.

Structure according in the building in order effectively to utilize the space, can have two kinds of different placement schemes of matrix pattern and yi word pattern.Described matrix pattern structure is that the horizontal section in last gug, the rising flat bed Room, decline well, the decline flat bed Room is Tian-shaped.Described yi word pattern structure is that the horizontal section in last gug, the rising flat bed Room, decline well, the decline flat bed Room is a word shape.

Two side in last gug and decline well is fixed with tooth bar, and the gear in order to lifting is installed on the car, and the mode of making pure rolling with gear on tooth bar in the time of the car lifting is travelled; Gear in order to lifting on the car is driven by electrical motor and speed-changing mechanism; On the lift well borehole wall, be fixed with two vertical T shape guide rails, but the roller guide shoe of four pairs of foldings moves along these two guide rails on the car; Be fixed with the three-phase wiping power rail that moves up and down for car on the ascending, descending well borehole wall, three brushes on the car contact with electric rail with certain pressure.

On the two side of each flat bed Room and lift well, tooth bar track and the three-phase wiping power rail used for flat bed are arranged, the transmission gear in order to flat bed is arranged on the car; When flat bed, the flat bed gear stretches out, and makes the mode of pure rolling with gear on tooth bar, realizes the translation between the car lift well and the flat bed Room.

What sprocket wheel and chain gear were arranged in the flat bed Room of top layer and bottom crosses the well car frame, carries car and enters the decline flat bed Room or the rising flat bed Room by crossing the well car frame according to the needs of downlink or uplink.

Also can adopt the bidirectional electric push rod ejection borehole wall or the active clapboard formed by electrical motor and retarder to move and cross well with the realization flat bed.

In order to improve safety, velocity limiter connects with lifting drive system, and when reaching governor tripping speed, safety tongs device that can folding can clamp guide rail and make the car stop that nominal payload is housed.

Also can energy disperser be installed at pit, this energy disperser should be hydraulic type, and this is last one safety device.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the present invention proposes a plurality of car runnings can be arranged in a hoistway, and the quantity of car can according to how many design plans of increasing and decreasing of passenger flow, last car may stop at the A floor, back one car just may be crossed the A floor and directly go up the B floor, thereby reduces the time that the occupant waits for, reduces elevator and takes up room, improve delivery efficient, solved passenger flow skewness weighing apparatus in the transportation of skyscraper vertical transportation and the long difficult problem of waiting time brought.Be the elevator technology of an innovation, have vast market prospect.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a matrix pattern topology layout scheme of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a yi word pattern topology layout scheme of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the total scheme drawing of yi word pattern structure of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of car of the present invention;

Fig. 5 crosses the part-structure scheme drawing of well car frame for the present invention.

Among the figure, 1-rising three plase alternating current rail; 2-rising tooth bar; 3-flat bed slide rail; The last gug of 4-; The 5-rising flat bed Room; 6-rising Room door; The 7-decline flat bed Room; 8-decline Room door; 9-decline well; 10-decline tooth bar; 11-decline three plase alternating current rail; The 12-top layer; The 14-interlayer; 16-flat bed slide rail; The 17-bottom; 18-bottom active clapboard; 19-car access door; 21-interlayer partition wall; 23-top layer active clapboard; The 25-lifter wheel; The 26-brush; The 27-car; The 28-tapered roller; 29-bidirectional electric push rod; 30-is by movable sprocket; The 31-messenger chain; 32-electrical motor, retarder and drive sprocket; 33-crosses well car frame guide rail; 34-crosses well car frame roller.

The specific embodiment

Do not influence when making car rest in a certain floor other cars about, the entry and exit of each layer of the design's elevator are not set directly on the lift well, but at the other level position of establishing in addition of lift well.Like this, the overall structure of elevator just has last gug 4 and decline well 9, the rising flat bed Room 5 (flat bed station) and the decline flat bed Room 7 (flat bed station), and every layer has 8 two at rising Room door 6 and decline Room door.

Car can only one-way traffic in last gug or in the decline well: moved to a layer decline flat bed Room by the rising flat bed Room at top layer, admit descending guest; Move to the layer rising flat bed Room by the decline flat bed Room in basic unit, admit up passenger.Form unidirectional circular flow thus, that is: last gug → each layer of the rising flat bed Room → last gug → rising top layer flat bed Room → decline top layer flat bed Room → decline well → each layer of the decline flat bed Room → decline well → decline basic unit flat bed Room → rising basic unit flat bed Room → last gug.See the direction of arrow among Fig. 3 for details.

Structure according in the building in order effectively to utilize the space, can have two kinds of different placement schemes, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.Fig. 1 is a matrix pattern, and Fig. 2 is a yi word pattern.

The car power supply adopts three-phase alternating current, wiping power supply mode.

Be described as follows with in-line triple-deck elevator structure below.

As Fig. 3.

The lifting of car

The rack-and-gear type of drive is adopted in the lifting of car 27.Two side in last gug and decline well is fixed with rising tooth bar 2 and decline tooth bar 10 respectively, gear 25 in order to lifting is installed on the car, lifter wheel about 25 each two drives in order to the gear 25 of lifting electrical motor and the retarder by band brake on the car.The mode of making pure rolling with gear on tooth bar in the time of the car lifting is travelled.

On the lift well borehole wall, be fixed with two vertical T shape guide rails, but the roller guide shoe of four pairs of foldings moves along these two guide rails on the car.Adopt roller guide shoe, can reduce vibration and noise, reduce the friction force of leading between boots and the guide rail, saving in energy.

Car adopts 380V, 50Hz alternating current, and by the power supply of three-phase alternating current wiping power supply, the access form is that active electric rail and brush combination are paid.Be fixed with the three-phase wiping power rail that moves up and down for car promptly rise three plase alternating current rail 1 and decline three plase alternating current rail 11 on the lift well borehole wall, three brushes 26 on the car contact with electric rail with certain pressure.In order to guarantee to power reliably, can consider to adopt the wet type brush head of phosphorus copper wire net volume system, use the spring roof pressure.

The elevator mainframe computer can drop into an amount of car, to satisfy passenger's needs up and down according to waiting what of terraced guest at basic unit car access door 19 places.Every car adopts Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and mainframe computer to carry out the operation of information exchange and control car.

The flat bed of car

As Fig. 4, on the two side of interlayer 14 each flat bed Room and lift well, the flat bed slide rail of using for flat bed 3,16 is arranged, slide rail disconnects at the tooth bar place.Tapered roller 28 in order to flat bed is arranged on the car, and among Fig. 4, the wide B+10mm of distance between shafts A=lifter rack has at least three rollers to contact with slide rail when guaranteeing flat bed, supports car.Tapered roller 28 (8) axially can stretch, and stretches out during flat bed, and after roller stretched out, the flat bed driver train could move; After car is got back to rising or decline well, the roller withdrawal.Be provided with interlayer partition wall 21 between the rising flat bed Room of interlayer 14 and the decline flat bed Room.

The flat bed driver train can adopt the rack-and-gear transmission: on the two side of each flat bed Room and lift well, tooth bar track and the three-phase wiping power rail used for flat bed are arranged, the transmission gear in order to flat bed is arranged on the cab.When flat bed, the flat bed gear stretches out, and makes the mode of pure rolling with gear on tooth bar, realizes that car is by the translation of lift well to the flat bed Room.[in addition, also available electric pushrod (electrical motor+retarder) (see figure 3), manipulator (chain piece) pulling realize this translation.]

The well excessively of car

The matrix pattern structure can adopt the sprocket wheel in the flat bed Room of top layer 12 and bottom 17 and the well car frame (as Fig. 5) of crossing of chain gear to cross well.Cross well car frame bottom be provided with can cross roll on the well car frame guide rail 33 cross well car frame roller 34, electrical motor (trailing cable, three plase alternating current power supply), retarder and drive sprocket 32 drive by movable sprocket 30 by messenger chain 31, roll by driven well car frame roller 34 by movable sprocket 30.When car enters the top layer flat bed Room by last gug, just entered and crossed the well car frame, when closing, just connected the top layer gate hole motor, and cross hole motor and cross the well car frame by actuator drives and carry car and enter the decline flat bed Room.In the decline flat bed Room, descending guest enters car.Then, it is descending that car moves to the carrying of decline well.

It is similar that well excessively when car enters the bottom flat bed Room by the decline well and top layer are crossed well, do not repeat them here.

In-line structure (as Fig. 3), it is more convenient to adopt a bidirectional electric push rod 29 (Fig. 4) and four active clapboards (18 among Fig. 3 and 23 each two) to cross well.The bidirectional electric push rod pushes away the borehole wall so that car enters the flat bed Room, and when crossing well, active clapboard falls, and the bidirectional electric push rod pushes away active clapboard so that car is crossed well.Then will be with vertically arranged two electric pushrods (just without 4 active clapboards in the in-line structure) in the matrix pattern structure, it is just convenient not as using the well car frame to move between two flat bed Rooms.The in-line structure is also available in the flat bed Room of top layer and bottom to have the well car frame of crossing of sprocket wheel and chain gear to cross well.

Safety device

Because elevator is the transportation device on the vertical direction, takes perfect as far as possible safety facilities from many aspects, prevents the various unexpected accidents that reason caused, the safety of guaranteeing riding personnel and lift facility is indispensable.

Mechanical safety device mainly contains safety tongs and energy disperser.

The velocity limiter that is installed on the car is most important mechanical safety device with safety tongs that can folding.

Velocity limiter connects with lifting drive system, and when reaching governor tripping speed, safety tongs device can clamp guide rail and make the car stop that nominal payload is housed.During this period, velocity limiter should keep self-locking state, after clearing, and could manual release.The mean deceleration of safety tongs in the stop process should be at 0.2g n~1.0g nBetween (g n=9.8m/s 2).

Energy disperser is last one safety device of elevator, and its effect is to absorb, consume the energy of elevator tenesmus.Energy disperser is installed in pit, should be hydraulic type.

In addition, as: the mechanical interlocked mechanism of lifting and flat bed, the horizontal control mechanism of cage operation (open-and-close mechanism of longitudinal rail and guide wheel) etc. also is important mechanical safety device.

For guaranteeing that elevator safety moves reliably, on its mechanical safety device, should be provided with corresponding electrical safety equipment, as the lifting of car and the electrical interlocks of flat bed etc.Be the fault that prevents from may occur in the elevator electrical equipment, as: no-voltage; Voltage reduces; Lead (body) interrupts; Over the ground or to the destruction of insulation of hard ware; The short circuit of electric elements or open circuit is as resistor, cond, transistor, lamp etc.; The not adhesive of mobile armature of contactless switch or relay or not exclusively adhesive; The mobile armature of contactless switch or relay does not discharge; The contact does not disconnect; Contact is not closed; Misphases etc. also will be provided with commonly used and requisite other safety guard-safeguard link.

The unspecified in one's power part of this specification sheets is a prior art.

Claims (8)

1, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method, it is characterized in that, one or more cars travel in gug or the unidirectional decline well on unidirectional, gug and decline well are provided with the rising flat bed Room and the decline flat bed Room on each floor correspondence, the rising flat bed Room and the decline flat bed Room are established rising Room door and decline Room door respectively, car can realize as required from last gug to the rising flat bed Room or the decline well to the round translation the decline flat bed Room to admit the guest of upstream or downstream; Move to the layer decline flat bed Room by the rising flat bed Room at top layer, admit descending guest; Move to the layer rising flat bed Room by the decline flat bed Room in basic unit, admit up passenger, form thus and go up gug, each layer flat bed Room of rising, upward gug, the rising top layer flat bed Room, the decline top layer flat bed Room, decline well, each layer flat bed Room that descends, decline well, the decline basic unit flat bed Room, the rising basic unit flat bed Room, the upward unidirectional circulation of gug.
2, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the Tian-shaped setting is pressed in the horizontal section in last gug, the rising flat bed Room, decline well, the decline flat bed Room.
3, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the horizontal section in last gug, the rising flat bed Room, decline well, the decline flat bed Room is provided with by a word shape.
4, according to claim 2 or 3 described elevator with multiple compartments implementation methods, it is characterized in that, two side in last gug and decline well is fixed with tooth bar, and the gear in order to lifting is installed on the car, and the mode of making pure rolling with gear on tooth bar in the time of the car lifting is travelled; Gear in order to lifting on the car is driven by electrical motor and speed-changing mechanism; On the lift well borehole wall, be fixed with two vertical T shape guide rails, but the roller guide shoe of four pairs of foldings moves along these two guide rails on the car; Be fixed with the three-phase wiping power rail that moves up and down for car on the ascending, descending well borehole wall, three brushes on the car contact with electric rail with certain pressure.
5, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 4 is characterized in that, on the two side of each flat bed Room and lift well, tooth bar track and the three-phase wiping power rail used for flat bed is arranged, and the transmission gear in order to flat bed is arranged on the car; When flat bed, the flat bed gear stretches out, and makes the mode of pure rolling with gear on tooth bar, realizes the translation between the car lift well and the flat bed Room.
6, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, what sprocket wheel and chain gear were arranged in the flat bed Room of top layer and bottom crosses the well car frame, carries car and enters the decline flat bed Room or the rising flat bed Room by crossing the well car frame according to the needs of downlink or uplink.
7, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 4 is characterized in that, adopts the bidirectional electric push rod ejection borehole wall or the active clapboard be made up of electrical motor and retarder to move and cross well with the realization flat bed.
8, elevator with multiple compartments implementation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, velocity limiter on the car connects with lifting drive system, when reaching governor tripping speed, power circuit outage and make can folding safety tongs device can clamp guide rail and make the car stop that nominal payload is housed.
CN 200610044682 2006-06-13 2006-06-13 Realizing method of multi-car elevator CN1868849A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610044682 CN1868849A (en) 2006-06-13 2006-06-13 Realizing method of multi-car elevator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200610044682 CN1868849A (en) 2006-06-13 2006-06-13 Realizing method of multi-car elevator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1868849A true CN1868849A (en) 2006-11-29

Family

ID=37442658

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200610044682 CN1868849A (en) 2006-06-13 2006-06-13 Realizing method of multi-car elevator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1868849A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102009598A (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-04-13 张文 Introduction of normalized traffic servo system
CN101568482B (en) * 2006-12-22 2013-12-25 奥蒂斯电梯公司 Elevator system with multiple cars in single hoistway
CN103663059A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 杨荟 Immediate-opening express lift track operation scheme
CN104379484A (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-02-25 弗里兹·金 Articulated funiculator
CN105246813A (en) * 2013-03-25 2016-01-13 奥的斯电梯公司 Multicar self-propelled elevator system
CN105366493A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-02 康力电梯股份有限公司 Circulating lift
CN105621171A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-01 吴建国 Elevator capable of being rapidly and efficiently lifted and method for rapidly conveying passengers/cargoes through elevator
CN105936459A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-14 袁望画 Elevator
CN106335832A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-01-18 范国隆 Multi-car circular elevator
CN106715306A (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-05-24 因温特奥股份公司 Lift system having individually driven cars and a closed track
CN107000980A (en) * 2014-11-27 2017-08-01 蒂森克虏伯股份公司 Operate the method for elevator device and be designed to carry out the elevator device of this method

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101568482B (en) * 2006-12-22 2013-12-25 奥蒂斯电梯公司 Elevator system with multiple cars in single hoistway
CN102009598A (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-04-13 张文 Introduction of normalized traffic servo system
US9738492B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2017-08-22 Fritz King Articulated funiculator
CN105151953B (en) * 2012-04-26 2018-06-05 铰接细索列车公司 A kind of structural system for skyscraper
CN104379484A (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-02-25 弗里兹·金 Articulated funiculator
US10196238B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2019-02-05 Fritz King Ab Articulated funiculator
US9790056B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2017-10-17 Fritz King Articulated funiculator
CN105151953A (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-12-16 弗里兹·金 Articulated funiculator
CN105246813A (en) * 2013-03-25 2016-01-13 奥的斯电梯公司 Multicar self-propelled elevator system
US10118799B2 (en) 2013-03-25 2018-11-06 Otis Elevator Company Multicar self-propelled elevator system
CN103663059A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 杨荟 Immediate-opening express lift track operation scheme
CN106715306A (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-05-24 因温特奥股份公司 Lift system having individually driven cars and a closed track
CN107000980A (en) * 2014-11-27 2017-08-01 蒂森克虏伯股份公司 Operate the method for elevator device and be designed to carry out the elevator device of this method
US10710841B2 (en) 2014-11-27 2020-07-14 Thyssenkrupp Elevator Ag Method for operating an elevator system and elevator system designed for performing the method
CN107000980B (en) * 2014-11-27 2019-05-14 蒂森克虏伯股份公司 It operates the method for elevator device and is designed to carry out the elevator device of this method
CN105366493A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-02 康力电梯股份有限公司 Circulating lift
CN105621171A (en) * 2016-03-30 2016-06-01 吴建国 Elevator capable of being rapidly and efficiently lifted and method for rapidly conveying passengers/cargoes through elevator
CN105936459A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-14 袁望画 Elevator
CN106335832B (en) * 2016-11-23 2018-09-14 广东通力建设发展有限公司 A kind of more cage circulating elevators
CN106335832A (en) * 2016-11-23 2017-01-18 范国隆 Multi-car circular elevator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN2622323Y (en) Lift type multi-layer garage
CN102887409B (en) A kind of vertical lift elevator fall protection equipment
CN101903278B (en) Elevator system having two elevator cars
CN103132756B (en) A kind of tower-type space garage
CN202346537U (en) Car, anti-falling device for car and elevator equipment using car
BR0213728B1 (en) Lift system in high buildings
CN2858875Y (en) Lifting translation-type stereo space parking lot
CN104005583B (en) Planer-type stereo-parking system and Transport Vehicle method thereof
CN2890245Y (en) Side-site double-deck parking device
CN201144130Y (en) Circulated multi-cage elevator
CN100587209C (en) Double-layer separated in-and-out stereo garage
JP2014517796A (en) Circulating transfer device
CN100434351C (en) Equipment for fine positioning of a car of a multi-stage car
CN2816229Y (en) Multi-layer plane-moving type 3-D garage
CN101301976A (en) Integrated security device of elevator
CN206051223U (en) A kind of double staircase of the corridor with bascule
US10865072B2 (en) Intermediate transfer station
CN101560844A (en) Vertical lift type parking equipment
CN2646110Y (en) Elevator without machine room
US20160052748A1 (en) Method and arrangement for closing doors of an elevator
WO2011098508A1 (en) Elevator system and method for operating such an elevator system
CN205061259U (en) Two -way stair lift
CN105366493A (en) Circulating lift
US5857545A (en) Elevator system with overlapped roped-coupler segments
CN201808976U (en) One-way movement circular elevator device with independent driver element

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication