CN1594774A - Novel thermal insulation and heat preservation structure for complex building and construction technique - Google Patents

Novel thermal insulation and heat preservation structure for complex building and construction technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1594774A
CN1594774A CN 200410013479 CN200410013479A CN1594774A CN 1594774 A CN1594774 A CN 1594774A CN 200410013479 CN200410013479 CN 200410013479 CN 200410013479 A CN200410013479 A CN 200410013479A CN 1594774 A CN1594774 A CN 1594774A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
layer
insulation
insulating
heat preservation
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CN 200410013479
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CN1274926C (en
Inventor
张志峰
朱洪波
周强
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Wuhan Aojie Technologies Inc.
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张志峰
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Priority to CN 200410013479 priority Critical patent/CN1274926C/en
Publication of CN1594774A publication Critical patent/CN1594774A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1274926C publication Critical patent/CN1274926C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention provides a novel complex thermal insulation and heat preservation structure, the structure has from inside to outside a subbase, a thermal insulation and heat preservation layer, a strengthening and crack-resistant layer, a thermal reflecting decorative layer. The thermal insulation and heat preservation layer is formed with complex powder material A and polystyrene bubble particle B, the complex powder material A has 50-80% concrete, 10-40% sendust glass hollow ball material having specific surface area of 400-5000 m[2]/kg, air entraining agent 0.005-0.05%, modifying agent 1-5%, water reducing agent 0.2-1.2%, fiber 0.1-5%, tackifier 0.5-2%, the strengthening and crack-resistant layer is coagulated with thermal galvanization steel wire net and modifying crack-resistant base body of fiber strengthening polymer, the wire net is hung and fixed on the thermal insulation and heat preservation layer with plastic expanding bolt, the thermal reflecting decorative layer is made of tint glazed ceramic wall tile or glass, aluminium alloy, stainless steel curtain wall material. The structure apparently improves the thermal insulation and heat preservation ability, and effectively resolves the problem of crack, gaul, and drop of the tile, also greatly improves the wear ability and construction efficiency.

Description

NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure and construction technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure and construction technology.
Background technology
Along with improving constantly and continuous reinforcement that society requires building heat insulation of national building energy-saving standard, to various buildings, especially civilian construction are carried out the demand that heat-insulation and heat-preservation handles and rise year by year.In northern China is when purpose is progressively promoted the measure of various building heat preservation construction technology with the building heat preservation, and the Xia Redong cryogenic region of China middle and south and southern hot summer and warm winter region are based on thermal isolation and to have insulation concurrently be that the building energy conservation of purpose requires also more and more urgent.Polystyrene at home and abroad is used widely with its excellent heat preservation and insulation, and nearly 200 of the domestic relevant patented technology of having announced wherein adopts the polyphenyl plate form mostly.Utilizing the granular polystyrene form in the similar this patent is that the patent of bulletin of main heat-insulation and heat-preservation material has 30 approximately, and wherein structure and manufacturability patent have about 10, are patent of 0228892,02153345,03137329 etc. as application number.Adopt existing patent to be difficult to solve problems such as inside " hot and cold bridge " that insulation layer is easy to generate and external surface crack, crackle or hollowing and ceramic tile come off, especially in temperature, humidity change big China, southern areas, prior art is poor effect when addressing the above problem.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is primarily aimed at the Xia Redong cryogenic region, summer hot and longer duration, winter cold and air humidity special climate characteristics such as big, technological design from the system that chooses of material, the heat-proof quality that mainly solves body of wall has heat-insulating property concurrently, and the cracking resistance of structural system, impervious, Wind-Pressure Resistance, shock proof technical barrier.
Technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure, this heat-insulation and heat-preservation structure has building substrate, insulating, reinforcing crack-resistant layer, heat reflection decorative layer from the inside to the outside successively, it is characterized in that: insulating is made up of composite dry powder material A and polystyrene foam particles B two parts, composite dry powder material A consists of cement 50~80%, and specific area is 400~5000m 2The sial glass hollow ball material 10~40% of/kg, air entraining agent 0.005~0.05%, modifier 1~5%, water reducing agent 0.2~1.2%, fiber 0.1~5%, tackifier 0.5~2%, reinforcing crack-resistant layer is formed by hot-galvanized steel silk screen and fiber-reinforced polymer modification cracking resistance matrix coagulation, the component of cracking resistance matrix and weight content are: 1 part of cracking resistance rubber powder, 2~2.5 parts of cement, 10~12 parts in sand, 2~2.5 parts in water, the component of cracking resistance rubber powder and weight content are: inorganic mineral powder 30~50%, alkali proof fiber 0.1~4%, volume stabilizer 20~45%, polymer modifiers 30~45%, employing plastic expansion bolt hangs silk screen and is fixed in insulating, and the heat reflection decorative layer is selected light glazed ceramic wall tile or glass for use, aluminium alloys, other have the ornament materials of heat reflection function stainless steel curtain walls etc.A kind of construction technology of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure, construction sequence is as follows:
A, base treatment adopt corresponding processing mode respectively according to different building substrate surface conditions, comprise adopting conventional cement mortar levelling, polymer water soil mortar plucking or not handling;
B, insulating construction are adopted the one-coat plastering moulding to the insulating below the 4cm thickness, to then wiping one's face at twice or repeatedly more than the 4cm;
C, the construction of reinforcing crack-resistant layer, after above-mentioned construction sequence b finishes, employing plastic expansion bolt is with the suspension of hot-galvanized steel silk screen and be fixed in the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface, its fixed expansion bolt should enter the building substrate of isolation layer inside, whitewash polymer cement mortar then, itself and hot-galvanized steel silk screen are mixed to integrated bonded at the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface;
D, for the facade matrix, the plastic expansion bolt become with insulating 95-120 ° oblique down fixing;
Light glazed ceramic wall tile is pasted in c, the construction of heat reflection decorative layer; Or plug-in curtain wall etc. has the decorative material of heat reflection function, and this step adopts the metal of the band plastics expansion set bolt that expands, and at the junction of bolt and outer decorative layer parts increase plastic gasket;
F. adopt flexible caulking material to the decorative material filleting.
Beneficial effect
1, determines the thickness of insulating according to the heat-conductive characteristic of building substrate material and country relevant building energy-saving standard, can save material in a large number and improve work efficiency, significantly reduce cost.For example, adopt heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thickness of the present invention and corresponding thermal isolation technique index such as the table 1 that reaches thereof at the Xia Redong of China middle and south cryogenic region:
The heat insulation index that table 1 China Xia Redong cryogenic region adopts the different-thickness insulating to be reached to common building substrate
The building substrate structure Heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thickness (cm) Coefficient of thermal conductivity (W/mk) Coefficient of heat accumulation (W/m 2·k)
Concrete block, whole water, bodies of wall such as common brick, sand, real coreboard ????3 Standard-required The actual measurement index Standard-required The actual measurement index
≤0.058 ??0.057 ??≥1.30 ??1.75
Bodies of wall such as aerated-block, hollow building-block, hollow sheet material ????2 ??0.054 ??1.95
Promptly generally be no more than 3cm, adopt the technology of the present invention can the one-coat plastering moulding at these regional heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thicknesses.And to reach same heat-insulation and heat-preservation index in northern China or the Northwest, then same building substrate structure is needed the heat-insulation and heat-preservation layer thickness is increased to more than the 6cm.
2, adopt the hot-galvanized steel silk screen of designing requirement of the present invention to have higher durability and intensity, adopt relevant intensity index such as the table 2 that overall structure reached of ceramic tile as outer decorative layer than other silk screens:
The intensity index of table 2 NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building outer heat insulation layer
Interventions Requested Index request Assay
Impact strength (3.0J) Impact for 10 times, breakdown point is no more than 4 1 of breakdown point
Wind-Pressure Resistance Wind load design load less than building substrate Add (1-5) KPa wind load, nothing comes off, no layering, and crab-bolt is not drawn out
3, adopt corresponding processing mode respectively at different building substrate water imbibitions and surface condition, to processing method and the effect such as the table 3 of some common building substrates.
The base treatment method and the effect on the different building structure of table 3 surface
Position and surface appearance Processing method Effect
Concrete wall such as beam, plate, post Smooth especially surface is cut a hole hair or whitewashed accessibility polymer water soil mortar plucking, exasperate is only needed levelling Polymer cement mortar plays two aspect effects: (1) makes insulating and the more firm stickup of matrix, (2) prevent that early stage insulating moisture from being absorbed by matrix, reduces its cracking probability.To directly next step construction of smooth exasperate
The hair wall that aerated-block, concrete block, various brick are made With sand finish
Whitewashed the dry wall of sand finish layer Need not handle, enter next step construction
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.Wherein: 1---building structure; 2---building substrate; 3---insulating; 4---reinforce crack-resistant layer; 5---the heat reflection decorative layer.
The specific embodiment
A kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure, this heat-insulation and heat-preservation structure has building substrate, insulating, reinforcing crack-resistant layer, heat reflection decorative layer from the inside to the outside successively, it is characterized in that: insulating is made up of composite dry powder material A and polystyrene foam particles B two parts, composite dry powder material A consists of cement 60%, and specific area is 400~5000m 2The sial glass hollow ball material 35% of/kg, air entraining agent 0.05%, modifier %, water reducing agent 0.95%, fiber 2%, tackifier 2% are reinforced crack-resistant layer and are formed by hot-galvanized steel silk screen and fiber-reinforced polymer modification cracking resistance matrix coagulation, the component of cracking resistance matrix and weight content are: 1 part of cracking resistance rubber powder, 2.5 parts of cement, 12 parts in sand, 2.5 parts in water, the component of cracking resistance rubber powder and weight content are: inorganic mineral powder 40%, alkali proof fiber 2%, volume stabilizer 20%, polymer modifiers 38%, employing plastic expansion bolt hangs silk screen and is fixed in insulating, and the heat reflection decorative layer is selected the light glazed ceramic wall tile with heat reflection function and decoration functions for use.A kind of construction technology of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure, construction sequence is as follows:
A, base treatment are according to building substrate and surface condition, for the hair wall of aerated-block making, so adopt conventional cement mortar levelling and plucking;
The construction of b, hot insulation layer is 3cm according to the thickness of wall body of heat-insulation and heat-preservation index Design, so insulating adopts the one-coat plastering moulding;
C, solid crack-resistant layer construction, after above-mentioned construction sequence b finishes, employing plastic expansion bolt is with the suspension of hot-galvanized steel silk screen and be fixed in the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface, its fixed expansion bolt should enter the building substrate of isolation layer inside, whitewash polymer cement mortar then, itself and hot-galvanized steel silk screen are mixed to integrated bonded at the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface;
D, because be wall thermal insulating, the plastic expansion bolt becomes 95~120 ° obliquely to fix down with insulating;
E, the construction of heat reflection decorative layer are pasted light glazed ceramic wall tile as decorative material.
F, the flexible caulking material of employing are to the decorative material filleting.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure, this heat-insulation and heat-preservation structure has building substrate, insulating, reinforcing crack-resistant layer, heat reflection decorative layer from the inside to the outside successively, it is characterized in that: insulating is made up of composite dry powder material A and polystyrene foam particles B two parts, composite dry powder material A consists of cement 50~80%, and specific area is 400~5000m 2The sial glass hollow ball material 10~40% of/kg, air entraining agent 0.005~0.05%, modifier 1~5%, water reducing agent 0.2~1.2%, fiber 0.1~5%, tackifier 0.5~2%, reinforcing crack-resistant layer is formed by hot-galvanized steel silk screen and fiber-reinforced polymer modification cracking resistance matrix coagulation, the component of cracking resistance matrix and weight content are: 1 part of cracking resistance rubber powder, 2~2.5 parts of cement, 10~12 parts in sand, 2~2.5 parts in water, the component of cracking resistance rubber powder and weight content are: inorganic mineral powder 30~50%, alkali proof fiber 0.1~4%, volume stabilizer 20~45%, polymer modifiers 30~45%, employing plastic expansion bolt hangs silk screen and is fixed in insulating, and the heat reflection decorative layer is selected the light glazed ceramic wall tile with heat reflection function and decoration functions for use.
2, according to right 1 described light glazed ceramic wall tile with heat reflection function and decoration functions, it is characterized in that: light glazed ceramic wall tile also can be a kind of in glass, aluminium alloys, the stainless steel curtain wall.
3, a kind of construction technology of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE building heat insulation structure is characterized in that construction sequence is as follows:
A, base treatment adopt corresponding processing mode respectively according to different building substrate surface conditions, comprise adopting conventional cement mortar levelling, polymer water soil mortar plucking or not handling;
B, insulating construction are adopted the one-coat plastering moulding to the insulating below the 4cm thickness, to then wiping one's face at twice or repeatedly more than the 4cm;
C, the construction of reinforcing crack-resistant layer, after above-mentioned construction sequence b finishes, employing plastic expansion bolt is with the suspension of hot-galvanized steel silk screen and be fixed in the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface, its fixed expansion bolt should enter the building substrate of isolation layer inside, whitewash polymer cement mortar then, itself and hot-galvanized steel silk screen are mixed to integrated bonded at the heat-insulation and heat-preservation laminar surface;
D, for the facade matrix, the plastic expansion bolt become with insulating 95-120 ° oblique down fixing;
Light glazed ceramic wall tile is pasted in e, the construction of heat reflection decorative layer; Or plug-in curtain wall etc. has the decorative material of heat reflection function, and this step adopts the metal of the band plastics expansion set bolt that expands, and at the junction of bolt and outer decorative layer parts increase plastic gasket;
F, the flexible caulking material of employing are to the decorative material filleting.
CN 200410013479 2004-07-16 2004-07-16 Novel thermal insulation and heat preservation structure for complex building and construction technique Expired - Fee Related CN1274926C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200410013479 CN1274926C (en) 2004-07-16 2004-07-16 Novel thermal insulation and heat preservation structure for complex building and construction technique

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200410013479 CN1274926C (en) 2004-07-16 2004-07-16 Novel thermal insulation and heat preservation structure for complex building and construction technique

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CN1594774A true CN1594774A (en) 2005-03-16
CN1274926C CN1274926C (en) 2006-09-13

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101302881B (en) * 2007-05-11 2011-08-31 日本Sk化研株式会社 External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body
CN102173677A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-09-07 杨长文 Inflaming retarding building heat insulation material and production method thereof
CN101302880B (en) * 2007-05-11 2013-06-19 日本Sk化研株式会社 External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body
CN104032853A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-10 赵秀芬 One-time forming grid-shaped light wall body with eight layers
CN105781048A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-07-20 天长市安德丽节能建材有限公司 Fireproof heat-preservation waterproof anti-crack reflective heat insulation material system and construction process thereof
CN106673707A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 中民筑友科技投资有限公司 Infrared thermal reflective colorant, precast concrete unit and preparation method of precast concrete unit

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI426171B (en) * 2010-03-10 2014-02-11 Univ Nat Ilan Method for manufacturing environmental friendly red bricks by sintering waste solar panel glass and the products thereof
TWI426170B (en) * 2010-03-10 2014-02-11 Univ Nat Ilan Method for manufacturing environmental friendly floor bricks by sintering waste solar panel glass and the products thereof

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101302881B (en) * 2007-05-11 2011-08-31 日本Sk化研株式会社 External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body
CN101302880B (en) * 2007-05-11 2013-06-19 日本Sk化研株式会社 External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body
CN102173677A (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-09-07 杨长文 Inflaming retarding building heat insulation material and production method thereof
CN104032853A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-09-10 赵秀芬 One-time forming grid-shaped light wall body with eight layers
CN104032853B (en) * 2014-06-27 2016-01-13 赵秀芬 The latticed eight layers of Light Wall of one-shot forming
CN105781048A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-07-20 天长市安德丽节能建材有限公司 Fireproof heat-preservation waterproof anti-crack reflective heat insulation material system and construction process thereof
CN105781048B (en) * 2016-01-27 2018-11-13 天长市安德丽节能建材有限公司 Fireproof heat insulating water-proofing anticracking reflective insulation material system and its construction technology
CN106673707A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 中民筑友科技投资有限公司 Infrared thermal reflective colorant, precast concrete unit and preparation method of precast concrete unit

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Owner name: WUHAN JIE AO HIGH TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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Address after: Hubei city of Wuhan province Luo Shi Road Hongshan District No. 519 Ming Ze Liwan 1 building C block 21 layer

Patentee after: Wuhan Aojie Technologies Inc.

Address before: Longhua No. 81 building, Hubei city of Wuhan province Wuchang Wuluo Road Room 806

Patentee before: Zhang Zhifeng

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Granted publication date: 20060913

Termination date: 20160716