CN101302880B - External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body - Google Patents

External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101302880B
CN101302880B CN 200810096718 CN200810096718A CN101302880B CN 101302880 B CN101302880 B CN 101302880B CN 200810096718 CN200810096718 CN 200810096718 CN 200810096718 A CN200810096718 A CN 200810096718A CN 101302880 B CN101302880 B CN 101302880B
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China
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layer
materials
decorative
cosmetic sheet
heat insulating
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CN 200810096718
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CN101302880A (en
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笕田晃嗣
黑田洋史
泷田幸矢
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JAPAN SK CHEMICAL CO Ltd
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JAPAN SK CHEMICAL CO Ltd
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Priority to JP2007-126768 priority
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Publication of CN101302880A publication Critical patent/CN101302880A/en
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Abstract

An externally heat insulating decoration and processing method, including the steps of arranging an insulating material layer on a wall body material on external wall surface of the building to form an externally heat insulating structural substrate; arranging an overlay building material through a bonding material on the externally heat insulating structural substrate; wherein the overlay building material is composed of a reinforced material layer and a decorating material layer. The decorating material layer is obtained by a method as follows: (1) formed by a composition having a combining material and colored aggregate; (2) formed by a composition having a combining material, a coloring material and a powder body; (3) formed by multicolored pattern paint. The invention improves conception of processing shape through processing externally heat insulating structural substrate of the external wall surface of the building.

Description

External heat insulation decorative processing method and structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of novel external heat insulation decorative processing method and structure.
Background technology
In the last few years, at commercial facility, the apartment, prevailing by carrying out high heat insulationization and high airtightization in the buildings such as only dwelling house, to save cold air and heating installation expense, realize the saving of the energy and resource.
Usually, in the building of not implementing Design on thermal insulation, winter is when supplying heating installation, and the position such as indoor hot gas can be from the roof, floor, window and wall is dispersed into outdoor; Summer, when opening cold air, hot gas can invade from these positions indoor.In these thermal loss about 1/3rd can say and be caused by metope.Therefore, in order to realize the saving of resource, high the heat-proof quality indoor and exterior wall that the room isolates outward is absolutely necessary.In recent years, the multiple scheme that the metope structure of heat-barrier material is set at exterior wall surface has been proposed.For example, outside the building on the surface of wall, the insulation material layer based on polystyrene foam and phenol formaldehyde foam etc. is set, layer metope structure that thin plate etc. is set known (such as patent documentation 1 etc.) for the people crowd of institute thereon.
But the thin plate of record in patent documentation 1 be nearly all smooth now, and color is single, lacks design property.
Patent documentation 1, JP 2005-213912 communique.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above, the objective of the invention is the outer heat insulating base of skin face is processed, improve the design of processing outward appearance.
The inventor, in order to reach above-mentioned purpose, carried out conscientious research, result is expected the outer heat insulating base of skin face is added the cosmetic sheet building materials that are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer, and between this outer heat insulating base and cosmetic sheet building materials, layer of adhesive material being set, finally completed the present invention.That is, the present invention has following characteristics.
1. external heat insulation decorative processing method comprises:
Insulation material layer outside the building is set on the materials for wall of metope forms outer heat insulating base; Should outer heat insulating base also comprise according to demand strengthening layer;
On this outer heat insulating base, the cosmetic sheet building materials were set, and between this outer heat insulating base and cosmetic sheet building materials, layer of adhesive material were set;
Described strengthening layer is made of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body, and described cosmetic sheet building materials are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer.
2. in the external heat insulation decorative processing method of putting down in writing in 1, above-mentioned decorative material layer is to adopt following one or more combinations formed.
(1) by comprising bond material and coloured composition that gathers materials forms;
(2) formed by the composition that includes bond material, coloring pigment and bulk material;
(3) formed by multicolor pattern paint.
3. in the external heat insulation decorative processing method of putting down in writing in 1 or 2, described cosmetic sheet building materials have joint pattern.
4. in the external heat insulation decorative processing method of 1~3 arbitrary record, described layer of adhesive material forms with adhesives, this adhesives comprises at least bond material and average grain diameter is the bulk material of 0.1~100 μ m, and this bulk material concentration by volume is 40~90%.
5. external heat insulation decorative machining structure body, it is the structure on the skin face, it comprises:
Outer heat insulating base, this outer heat insulating base comprise materials for wall and are arranged at insulation material layer on materials for wall, and this outer heat insulating base also comprises strengthening layer according to demand, and this strengthening layer is made of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body;
Cosmetic sheet building materials lamination is on outer heat insulating base, and these cosmetic sheet building materials are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer;
Layer of adhesive material is arranged between cosmetic sheet building materials and outer heat insulating base.
6. in the external heat insulation decorative machining structure body of putting down in writing in 5, above-mentioned decorative material layer can adopt following one or more combinations.
(1) by comprising bond material and coloured composition that gathers materials forms;
(2) formed by the composition that comprises bond material, coloring pigment and bulk material;
(3) formed by multicolor pattern paint.
The effect of invention
According to the present invention, process by the outer heat insulating base to the skin face, can improve the design of its machined surface.
Particularly, in the present invention, owing to having applied the cosmetic sheet building materials, therefore can show various multicolor patterns and relief pattern.Further, by using this cosmetic sheet building materials, also can prevent from breakage occurs on machined surface, can keep chronically aesthetic property.In addition, this cosmetic sheet building materials can be made very bulk, therefore can show to have dissimilar colorful sense and the design of thick and heavy sense.
Further, by the present invention, due to the cosmetic sheet building materials are pasted on outer heat insulating base by adhesives, therefore can guarantee long-term stability at aspects such as the water proofing property of machined surface, durability.
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Below, describe implementing better embodiment of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 represents the profile of an embodiment of structure of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals
A: outer heat insulating base 2: insulation material layer
B: layer of adhesive material 3: strengthening layer
C: cosmetic sheet building materials 4: the Rankine bed of material
1: materials for wall 5: decorative material layer
The specific embodiment
In the present invention, with outer heat insulating base as applying object.Should outer heat insulating base be the insulation material layer that forms on the materials for wall of outside the building metope, and can also have strengthening layer as required.
Materials for wall wherein is in order to consist of the wall face of building.Particularly, can to adopt concrete, mortar, cement board, extrusion forming board, slate (slate) plate, PC plate, ALC plate, fibre reinforced cement panel, metal be that wallboard, potting are wallboard, ceramic wafer, calcium silicate board, plastic plate, hard wood cement board, plywood, brick, ceramic tile etc. to this materials for wall.This material also can contain existing film layer etc.
Insulation material layer is given wall face with thermal insulation.Insulation material layer can adopt the various materials with heat-proof quality, but preferably adopts the foaming organic resin heat-barrier materials such as polystyrene foam, polyurethane foam, phenol formaldehyde foam, polyethylene.This foaming organic resin heat-barrier material has low-thermal conductivity and good heat-proof quality.Tabular foaming organic resin heat-barrier material can use adhesives and metal parts etc. to be fixed in base material.In the present invention, also can form insulation material layer by the material of foam-in-place type.In addition, can also by the mixing thing of the foaming particle of organic resin and cement etc., form insulation material layer.
The thickness of insulation material layer is not done special restriction, but is generally 5~150mm left and right.
On insulation material layer, strengthening layer can be set as required, this strengthening layer is comprised of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body.This strengthening layer provides the performance of intensity, durability, anti-destructive, dimensional stability etc.When tabular foaming organic resin heat-barrier material is used as heat-barrier material, must strengthening layer to be set.
The polymer water mud layer can adopt such as cement such as hydraulic lime, portland cement, blast-furance cement, silicon-dioxide cement, flyash cement and alumina cements; The resins such as vinyl, vinyl acetate base resin, mylar, alkyd resins, chlorinated ethylene resin, epoxy resin, acrolein resin, carbamate resins, silicones, methacrylaldehyde silicones, fluororesin, cellulose and polyvinyl alcohol; The fine aggregates such as silica sand; And a kind of composition makes, and said composition is the composition of the various additives of arranging in pairs or groups as required.
Reticulate body is the net structure that fiber and metal fine form; This fiber is such as being: paper pulp fiber, polyester fiber, polypropylene fibre, aromatic polyamide fibre, vinal, styroflex, polyarylate fiber, pbo fiber, nylon fiber, methacrylaldehyde fiber, chlorinated ethylene fiber, cellulose fibre, asbestos, glass fiber, silicon dioxide fibre, silica-alumina fiber, carbon fiber and silicon carbide fibre etc.; This metal fine is such as being: the metal fines such as iron, copper.
Strengthening layer in the present invention is preferably reticulate body is embedded to form in the polymer water mud layer.
In the present invention, form strengthening layer by usual method on insulation material layer, and obtain outer heat insulating base through suitably maintaining, this strengthening layer is comprised of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body.
The present invention to described outer heat insulating base, uses adhesives to paste the cosmetic sheet building materials.This adhesives not only makes the cosmetic sheet building materials fix, and also has the effect of the water proofing property that can effectively improve machined surface and durability etc.Do not use adhesives and use the setting tools such as nail, rivet, be unfavorable for the design of machined surface and water proofing property etc., therefore, also be necessary the periphery of setting tool is carried out other measures such as painted processing and waterproofing work.To this, the present invention can solve the above-mentioned problem that is caused by setting tool by the use of adhesives.
For adhesives, do not do being particularly limited, can use various adhesivess, as long as externally heat insulating base and cosmetic sheet building materials carry out bonding.Particularly, for example, the inorganic adhesive material take cement and gypsum etc. as main component; Organic bonding material take resins such as glue system, epoxy system, methacrylaldehyde system and carbamate systems as main component etc.In the present invention, market on sale or known bonding material can use as adhesives.
Adhesives in the present invention, the bulk material take bond material and average grain diameter as 0.1~100 μ m is essential constituent, the concentration by volume of this bulk material is 40~90% (be preferably 50~85%, more preferably 60~80%).By using this adhesives, can prevent the breakage of machined surface, improve adhesive property.Further, this adhesives can effectively be revised the irregular phenomenon of outer heat insulating base.
Bond material in adhesives, such as: the various resins such as glue system, epoxy system, methacrylaldehyde system and carbamate system can be used.The average grain diameter of bulk material is generally 0.1~100 μ m, is preferably 0.3~50 μ m, more preferably 0.5~30 μ m.The average grain diameter of described bulk material is the value by 50% particle diameter of centrifugal type particle size distribution device mensuration.
Adhesives is carried out preferably using coloring pigment suitably to mix colours when painted.At this moment, if the tone of adhesives is set as the form and aspect approximate with decorative material layer (look altogether), even in the very low occasion of the disguise of cosmetic sheet building materials, also can not produce inharmonic sensation.
In addition, in the present invention, also can as the seam section of cosmetic sheet building materials, it be exposed layer of adhesive material.In this case, preferably suitably select the tone of adhesives according to desired seam color.
Coloring pigment can use,, di-iron trioxide black such as: titanium oxide, zinc oxide, carbon black, blacklead, black iron oxide, copper-chrome black, cobalt black, copper ferromanganese, yellow lead, permanent bordeaux, forever consolidate pink, anthraquinone, perylene is red, quinacridone is red, yellow iron oxide, titan yellow, permanent yellow, benzimidazolone yellow, chrome green, cobalt green, phthalocyanine green, ultramarine, dark purple, cobalt blue, phthalocyanine blue, quinacridone violet and permanent violet etc.
Layer of adhesive material can apply described adhesives by known method and form.Coating method such as can think that trowel is coated with, blade coating and roller coat etc.Although adhesives can be coated on the surface of outer heat insulating base, the inside that is coated on the cosmetic sheet building materials also is fine.The coating amount of adhesives is generally 0.1~2kg/m 2The left and right.Paste the cosmetic sheet building materials, preferably in the time range of adhesives retention.Usually, paste before being preferably in adhesives sclerosis.In addition, before adhesives coating, also can be in advance externally the surface of heat insulating base process by lower Tu Cai etc.
Under be coated with material and preferably have elasticity.Being coated with material under this elasticity has the breakage that prevents on machined surface, peels off and the texts that expands.
Cosmetic sheet building materials in the present invention are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer.This cosmetic sheet building materials can show various multicolor patterns and relief pattern by decorative material layer, also can make the phenomenons such as base material out-of-flatness not eye-catching.Further, this cosmetic sheet building materials have certain flexibility and intensity.Therefore, the present invention can prevent from occuring on machined surface damaged and can the long term maintenance aesthetic property.In addition, even this cosmetic sheet building materials are very large generation breakage and the fragment etc. of also being not easy.The present invention can show the design with different colorful senses and thick and heavy sense by the large cosmetic sheet building materials of opening.The cosmetic sheet building materials can adopt the rectangles such as square or rectangular usually.It is of a size of the length of side a 100~1500mm, and (be preferably about 200~1000mm), thickness is that (school is good is about 1~10mm) to 0.5~15mm.
The Rankine bed of material in the cosmetic sheet building materials preferably uses cellulosic sheet and/or nonwoven.Wherein, described cellulosic sheet has fiber and (is preferably the spaced eyed structure of 0.5mm~20mm) with 0.2mm~30mm; The order of described nonwoven is paid and is 100g/m 2Below (be preferably 50g/m 2Below).
Fiber such as thinking inorfil, organic fiber etc., is perhaps inorfil and organic fiber compound.Fiber thickness is preferably about 0.01mm~1.5mm.In addition, the thickness of said fiber herein is the thickness of 1 that forms eyed structure, or by the thickness of the fibroplastic wire bundle more than 1 or 2.
Decorative material layer can use has multicolor patterns and/or relief pattern.In addition, said multicolor patterns is the pattern that mixes with the degree that can debate knowledge of the above color of dichromatism at least herein.In addition, relief pattern is the picture on surface with about 0.2~5mm left and right difference of height.Relief pattern for example can be sand wall shape, the pomelo peel shape, and fiber wall shape, wavy, the plaster shape, concavo-convex, the moon is planar, and comb draws shape, the various patterns such as worm food shape.
Particularly, decorative material layer can adopt following one or more combinations, and (1) is by comprising bond material and coloured composition that gathers materials forms; (2) formed by the composition that comprises bond material, coloring pigment and bulk material; (3) formed by multicolor pattern paint.
In described (1), can form multicolor patterns and relief pattern by coloured gathering materials.As the bond material in the composition in (1), can use such as: vinyl acetate base resin, epoxy resin, silicones, acrolein resin, carbamate resins, methacrylaldehyde carbamate resins, methacrylaldehyde silicones and fluororesin etc. organically combine material; The inorganic bond materials such as cement, gypsum, water glass; Or their composite material etc.Wherein, the organic system bond material is better.
Coloured common use particle diameter that gathers materials is gathering materials of 0.05~5mm.This coloured gathering materials can suitably use from the natural aggregates such as crushed material of natural stone, natural stone; And gather materials more than select in manually gathering materials at least a painted gather materials etc.Particularly, for example can use, marble, imperial shadow stone, serpentinite, granite, fluorite, gypsum rubrum, feldspar, limestone, silica, silica sand, rubble, mica, siliceous shale and their crushed material, pottery chinaware crushed material, ceramic powder minces, glass dust minces, glass bead, resin-oatmeal minces, resin beads, micelle, clipped wire etc.Also can use the crushed material of shell, coral, timber, carbon and activated carbon etc.Further, also can carry out the surface-treated mode with pigment, dyestuff and glaze etc. on their surface and carry out painted covering.Can make two or more this gathering materials carry out appropriate combination, to show various multicolor patterns.
Coloured gathering materials mixes with certain proportion with bond material.This ratio is the solid portion for the bond material of 100 weight portions, usually will mix the coloured of 100~4000 weight portions and gather materials, and is preferably mixing the coloured of 150~3000 weight portions and gathers materials, and more preferably mixes the coloured of 200~2000 weight portions and gathers materials.If coloured mixed proportion of gathering materials has better design in above-mentioned scope, the anti-performance such as break.
In described (2), decorative material layer has been given color by coloring pigment.Further, the effect by bulk material can realize thick-film, forms various relief patterns.Bond material in the composition of the decorative material layer in formation (2) can use the material identical with described (1).Coloring pigment can be identical with the material of giving an example in adhesives.The mixed proportion of coloring pigment is that the solid portion of the bond material of 100 weight portions mixes the coloring pigment (being preferably 2~200 weight portions) about 1~300 weight portion usually.
Bulk material can be solid pigment, gather materials etc.Wherein, solid pigment is such as being powdered whiting, slight property calcium carbonate, kaolin, clay, potter's clay, china clay, kieselguhr, moisture micro mist silicic acid, French chalk, blanc fixe, barium sulfate, settleability barium sulfate, brium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, silica flour and aluminium hydroxide etc.The particle diameter of solid pigment is usually less than 50 μ m (more than preferred 0.5 μ m, less than 50 μ m).The mixed proportion of solid pigment is with respect to the solid portion of 100 weight portion bond materials, usually to mix the solid pigment (being preferably 20~500 weight portions) about 10~1000 weight portions.
Gather materials and for example to use, gypsum rubrum, feldspar, limestone, silica, silica sand, rubble, mica, siliceous shale and their crushed material; Glass bead, resin beads, resin-oatmeal minces, micelle and clipped wire etc.The particle diameter that gathers materials is generally 0.05~5mm.The mixed proportion of gathering materials is the solid portion of the bond material of relative 100 weight portions, usually mixes gather materials (being preferably 30~1500 weight portions) about 10~2000 weight portions.
In (2), bulk material can comprise hollow-particle.By using this hollow-particle, can make decorative material layer lighter, be the light load shedding of base material.And, can also reach the purpose that improves heat-proof quality etc.
In described (3), can form multicolor patterns by multicolor pattern paint, more can form relief pattern.In described (3), can apply multicolor pattern paint on the basalis that comprises bond material and bulk material.In this case, make basalis have relief pattern, can improve concave-convex sense.The opposing party by the multicolor pattern paint of coating bulk decorative pattern on smooth basalis, can make the styles such as marble.This basalis is formed by the composition that comprises bond material and bulk material.Can use bond material and the bulk material identical with described (2) in basalis.Basalis also can use the structural form of described (2).In addition, in the present invention, in described (1) and (2), also this basalis can be set suitably.
Multicolor pattern paint is outstanding turbid in dispersion medium and form by aqueous more than dichromatism or gelatinous look grain.It can be divided into oil-in-water type (O/W type), water-in-oil type (w/o type), oily oil-in (O/O type) and this several types of water-in-water type (W/W type).
Look grain in multicolor pattern paint is scattered in pigmented finiss in dispersion medium and forms with granular.Pigmented finiss comprises resin and coloring pigment, and also comprises various additives etc. as required.Make pigmented finiss be separated into granular method and do not do and be particularly limited, can adopt known method.Particularly, can adopt in comprising the aqueous dispersion matchmaker of dispersion stabilizer etc., make method that pigmented finiss disperses etc.
As long as the resin in pigmented finiss can play the effect of the color spreading agent of coating, known resin is not particularly limited.When resin is solvent-soluble resin and/or non-aqueous dispersion type resin, can obtain the solvent-borne type pigmented finiss, it is scattered in the aqueous dispersion matchmaker, just obtain the multicolor pattern paint of oil-in-water type (O/W type).In addition, when resin is water-soluble resin and/or water-dispersed resin, can obtain the water-based pigmented finiss, it is scattered in the aqueous dispersion matchmaker, just obtain the multicolor pattern paint of water-in-water type (W/W type).
The particle diameter of look grain and shape can suitably be set.Particularly, can be by suitably selecting and adjust the shape of the stirring blade when making, with respect to the size and location of the stirring blade of agitation tank, the rotary speed of stirring blade, the viscosity of pigmented finiss, the adding method of dispersion stabilizer and concentration, aqueous dispersion matchmaker's viscosity etc. is set.The particle diameter of look grain does not limit especially, (is preferably about 0.1~5mm) but be generally 0.01~10mm.
In the present invention, can contain gathering materials or bulk material of particle diameter 0.05~5mm in the decorative material layer of described by making (1)~(3), make the stress in the cosmetic sheet building materials relax, thereby keep the long-term stability of machined surface.This gathering materials or the average grain diameter of the bulk material of bulk material in the described adhesives.
Cosmetic sheet building materials in the present invention can carry out lamination with the described Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer by known method and make, and the method is not done and is particularly limited.For example, can be according to following method manufacturing: (i) on strengthening material, the above-mentioned ornament materials of coating lamination be with composition and make the method for its sclerosis; (ii) at the interior cast ornament materials composition of mould, place strengthening material at this ornament materials on composition or bury strengthening material at this ornament materials underground in composition, carry out the method for the demoulding after sclerosis; (iii) ornament materials is heated kneading with composition, form with Rolling roller etc. and obtain decorative material layer, resulting decorative material layer and strengthening material are carried out the method for lamination.In the present invention, also can form decorative material layer with composition by two or more ornament materials, design material etc. can also scatter on the surface of decorative material layer.
In the present invention, better cosmetic sheet building materials can by the decorative material layer in Rankine bed of material upper strata long-pending described (2), further obtain the decorative material layer lamination in stacked described (1) or (3).
The cosmetic sheet building materials can also have joint pattern.Can reach by applying this cosmetic sheet building materials the purpose that improves design property.Joint pattern except ceramic tile style pattern, brick style pattern, geometrical pattern, globule pattern, candy strip, grid pattern, vortex pattern and badge pattern, can also be pictorial pattern that is designed to animals and plants, implements, word etc. etc.This joint pattern preferably forms when the moulding of cosmetic sheet building materials.The tone of seam section can suitably be set.
In cosmetic sheet building materials of the present invention, on decorative material layer, also hyaline layer can be set as required.In addition, can also carry out hydrophilicity-imparting treatment and preventing hydration processing etc.
Wherein, hyaline layer for example can be formed by clear dope.This clear dope with acrolein resin, carbamate resins, methacrylaldehyde silicones and fluororesin etc. as bond material.This hyaline layer also can be by the degree of the adjustment lights such as known delustering agent.In addition, only otherwise affect effect of the present invention, just can implement painted.
In the present invention, use adhesives that the cosmetic sheet building materials are pasted on base material successively.In the present invention, when the cosmetic sheet building materials are pasted, seam section can be set also between the cosmetic sheet building materials.In this case, layer of adhesive material according to the shade combinations of decorative material layer and layer of adhesive material, thereby can show various designs as seam section.The width of seam is generally 0.5~10mm left and right.
In the present invention, paste the cosmetic sheet building materials and can also and even all apply clear dope in the part of metope afterwards.
Embodiment
In embodiment shown below, offer some clarification on feature of the present invention.
(manufacturing of adhesives 1)
Acrolein resin latex (solid portion account for gross weight 50%) 100 weight portions, membrane producing promoter 5 weight portions, thickener 6 weight portions, dispersing agent 3 weight portions, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 4 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 12 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.2 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 1.8 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 5 μ m) 300 weight portions and defoamer 1 weight portion, evenly mix by common method, make adhesives 1.The concentration by volume of the bulk material in this adhesives 1 is 70%.
(manufacturing of adhesives 2)
Acrolein resin latex (solid portion accounts for gross weight 50%) 100 weight portions, membrane producing promoter 5 weight portions, thickener 6 weight portions, dispersing agent 3 weight portions, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 4 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 12 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.2 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 1.8 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 5 μ m) 192 weight portions and defoamer 1 weight portion evenly mix by common method, make adhesives 2.The concentration by volume of the bulk material in this adhesives 2 is 60%.
(manufacturing of adhesives 3)
Acrolein resin latex (solid portion accounts for gross weight 50%) is 100 weight portions, membrane producing promoter 5 weight portions, thickener 6 weight portions, dispersing agent 3 weight portions, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 4 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 12 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.2 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 1.8 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 5 μ m) 460 weight portions and defoamer 1 weight portion evenly mix by common method, make adhesives 3.The concentration by volume of the bulk material in this adhesives 3 is 78%.
(manufacturings of cosmetic sheet building materials 1)
Cast ornament materials composition 1[acrolein resin 100 weight portions (solid portion) in having the concavo-convex silica gel mould of imperial shadow stone style, particle diameter is the painted aggregate mix (black: brown=2: 8) 360 weight portions of 0.1~2mm, membrane producing promoter 18 weight portions, thickener 6 weight portions, the mixture of defoamer 3 weight portions], in case after having placed glass fabric (glass cloth), further ornament materials is poured in mould with composition 1, with 40 ℃ of maintenance demouldings after 3 days.According to above manufacture method, obtain the cosmetic sheet building materials 1 that the dry thickness of the universe is 3~5mm.
(manufacturings of cosmetic sheet building materials 2)
cast ornament materials composition 2[acrolein resin 100 weight portions (solid portion) in having the concavo-convex silica gel mould of sandstone style, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 7 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 24 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.4 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 3.5 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 8 μ m) 150 weight portions, particle diameter is gypsum rubrum 280 weight portions of 0.1~0.3mm, membrane producing promoter 18 weight portions, thickener 8 weight portions, the mixture of defoamer 4 weight portions], in case after placing glass cloth, further ornament materials is poured in mould with composition 2, together with mould 40 ℃ maintain 3 days after the demoulding.According to above manufacture method, obtain the cosmetic sheet building materials 2 that the dry thickness of the universe is 3~5mm.
(manufacturings of cosmetic sheet building materials 3)
cast ornament materials composition 3[acrolein resin 100 weight portions (solid portion) in having the concavo-convex silica gel mould of imperial shadow stone style, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 8 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 23 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.4 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 3.6 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 8 μ m) 180 weight portions, particle diameter is gypsum rubrum 250 weight portions of 0.1~0.3mm, membrane producing promoter 18 weight portions, thickener 8 weight portions, the mixture of defoamer 4 weight portions], in case after placing glass cloth, further ornament materials is poured in mould with composition 3, together with mould 40 ℃ the maintenance 2 days after the demouldings.On the basalis surface after the demoulding, (black look grain: brown look grain=2: 8), this coating amount is 0.4kg/m to atomized spray painting W/W type multicolor pattern paint 2, then at 40 ℃ maintaining 1 day time, thereby obtain the cosmetic sheet building materials 3 that the dry thickness of the universe is 3~5mm.
(manufacturings of cosmetic sheet building materials 4)
Cast ornament materials composition 4[acrolein resin 100 weight portions (solid portion) in having the concavo-convex silica gel mould of imperial shadow stone style, titanium oxide dispersion liquid 8 weight portions, yellow iron oxide dispersion liquid 23 weight portions, black iron oxide dispersion liquid 0.4 weight portion, red iron oxide dispersion liquid 3.6 weight portions, powdered whiting (average grain diameter 8 μ m) 400 weight portions, particle diameter is gypsum rubrum 120 weight portions of 0.1~0.3mm, hollow-particle (average grain diameter 40 μ m, density 0.025g/cm 3) 30 weight portions, membrane producing promoter 18 weight portions, thickener 8 weight portions, the mixture of defoamer 4 weight portions], in case after placing glass cloth, further ornament materials is cast in mould with composition 4, together with mould 40 ℃ the maintenance 2 days after the demouldings.On the basalis surface after the demoulding with coating amount 0.4kg/m 2Atomized spray painting W/W type multicolor pattern paint (black look grain: brown look grain=2: 8), 40 ℃ of 1 day times of maintenance, thereby obtain the cosmetic sheet building materials 4 that the dry thickness of the universe is 3~5mm.
(experimental example 1)
On sheet asbestos, paste tabular polystyrene foam and form insulation material layer, further, thereon, use by bisphenol A type epoxy resin 20 weight portions, amine hardener 20 weight portions, portland cement 100 weight portions, French chalk 80 weight portions, titanium oxide 80 weight portions, water 30 weight portions, the mud that additive 1 weight portion forms is with coating amount 0.5kg/m 2Apply, further, the lamination glass mesh, further thereon, thereon with coating amount 0.5kg/m 2Apply this mud, form strengthening layer, with this base material as coating object.
Whole for this base material are with coating amount 0.8kg/m 2Roller application adhesives 1 after pasting at once cosmetic sheet building materials 1, carries out the maintenance of 14 days.In addition, above step is all carried out under standard state (23 ℃ of temperature, relative humidity 50%).
By said method, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with granite style.In addition, will cut into 300 * 300mm by the experiment body that described method obtains, carry out durability experiment, not note abnormalities.Durability experiment be with 18 hours →-20 ℃ 3 hours → 80 ℃ of water rettings (23 ℃) 3 hours as one-period, altogether carry out 10 cycles and complete.
(experimental example 2)
Use cosmetic sheet building materials 2 to replace cosmetic sheet building materials 1.In addition, adopt the method making experiment body same with experimental example 1.
In experimental example 2, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with sandstone style, do not note abnormalities in durability experiment yet.
(experimental example 3)
Use cosmetic sheet building materials 3 to replace cosmetic sheet building materials 1.In addition, adopt the method making experiment body same with experimental example 1.
In experimental example 3, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with imperial shadow stone style, also not note abnormalities in durability experiment.
(experimental example 4)
Use cosmetic sheet building materials 4 to replace cosmetic sheet building materials 1.In addition, adopt the method making experiment body same with experimental example 1.
In experimental example 4, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with imperial shadow stone style, also not note abnormalities in durability experiment.
(experimental example 5)
Use cosmetic sheet building materials 4 to replace cosmetic sheet building materials 1, use adhesives 2 to replace adhesives 1.In addition, adopt the method making experiment body same with experimental example 1.
In experimental example 5, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with imperial shadow stone style, also not note abnormalities in durability experiment.
(experimental example 6)
Use cosmetic sheet building materials 4 to replace cosmetic sheet building materials 1, use adhesives 3 to replace adhesives 1.In addition, adopt the method making experiment body same with experimental example 1.
In experimental example 6, can access the machined surface of the aesthetic property with imperial shadow stone style, also not note abnormalities in durability experiment.

Claims (6)

1. an external heat insulation decorative processing method, comprise the steps:
Insulation material layer outside the building is set on the materials for wall of metope forms outer heat insulating base; By layer of adhesive material, the cosmetic sheet building materials are set on heat insulating base outside this;
Wherein said cosmetic sheet building materials are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer;
Described layer of adhesive material forms by the coating adhesives, and the bond material in described adhesives is resin;
Described decorative material layer is by the long-pending ornament materials that is formed by the composition that comprises described bond material, coloring pigment and bulk material on Rankine bed of material upper strata, further is stackedly formed ornament materials and is formed by multicolor pattern paint;
The bulk material that contains particle diameter 0.05~5mm in described decorative material layer;
Described bond material is for organically combining material.
2. external heat insulation decorative processing method according to claim 1 is characterized in that wherein forming outer heat insulating base step and also comprises:
Strengthening layer is set, and this strengthening layer is made of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body on insulation material layer.
3. external heat insulation decorative processing method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described cosmetic sheet building materials have joint pattern.
4. external heat insulation decorative processing method according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that the bulk material of described layer of adhesive material take bond material and average grain diameter as 0.1~100 μ m as essential composition, is that 40~90% adhesives forms by this bulk material concentration by volume.
5. external heat insulation decorative machining structure body, it is the structure on the skin face, it comprises:
Outer heat insulating base, this outer heat insulating base comprise materials for wall and are arranged at insulation material layer on materials for wall;
Cosmetic sheet building materials, lamination are on outer heat insulating base, and these cosmetic sheet building materials are made of the Rankine bed of material and decorative material layer; And
Layer of adhesive material is arranged between cosmetic sheet building materials and outer heat insulating base, forms by the coating adhesives, and the bond material in described adhesives is resin;
Described decorative material layer is by the long-pending ornament materials that is formed by the composition that comprises described bond material, coloring pigment and bulk material on Rankine bed of material upper strata, further is stackedly formed ornament materials and is formed by multicolor pattern paint;
The bulk material that contains particle diameter 0.05~5mm in described decorative material layer;
Described bond material is for organically combining material.
6. external heat insulation decorative machining structure body according to claim 5, is characterized in that described outer heat insulating base also comprises strengthening layer, and this strengthening layer is made of polymer water mud layer and/or reticulate body.
CN 200810096718 2007-05-11 2008-05-05 External heat insulation decorative processing method and structural body Expired - Fee Related CN101302880B (en)

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JP6108424B2 (en) * 2012-01-17 2017-04-05 株式会社エフコンサルタント Laminated structure
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