CN1493413A - Isothermal forging hydrulic press used for processing titanium alloy product - Google Patents

Isothermal forging hydrulic press used for processing titanium alloy product Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1493413A
CN1493413A CN 02146102 CN02146102A CN1493413A CN 1493413 A CN1493413 A CN 1493413A CN 02146102 CN02146102 CN 02146102 CN 02146102 A CN02146102 A CN 02146102A CN 1493413 A CN1493413 A CN 1493413A
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unit
installed
alloy
transverse
block
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CN 02146102
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CN1289228C (en )
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罗丽丽
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天津市天锻压力机有限公司
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Abstract

An isothermal forgeing hydraulic press for machining the Ti-alloy products features that two supporting columns are equipped with lining phases, the slide block unit with cylinder and pad is installed under top transverse beam, a fixed X-ray guide track structure is installed between two supporting columns and said slide block unit, and a quick die-exchanging unit is installed on the lower transverse beam. Its advantage is high performance.

Description

用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机 Isothermal forging titanium alloy article processed for hydraulic press

技术领域 FIELD

本发明属于框架式结构液压机,特别是涉及一种用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机。 The present invention belongs to the frame structure of the hydraulic machine, and more particularly to a hydraulic unit of an isothermal forging process for titanium alloy article.

背景技术 Background technique

目前公知的由上、下横梁之间装有两支柱,各支柱与上、下横梁之间通过拉杆和螺母紧固,在上横梁上安装主缸和柱塞式回程缸,由于所述的柱塞式回程缸是由一个柱塞缸和一个两柱式悬臂梁组成,并且需要在上横梁上加工若干导向孔,以及还需要在回程缸的柱塞端面加工成球面端面,因此该结构存在所需零部件较多、加工成本高和加工柱塞端面的球面端面很困难的不足。 Well-known by the current, with the beams between two struts, each strut and between the upper and lower beams through the tie rod and nut, the installation of the master cylinder and the ram back cylinder on the beam, since the column back cylinder plug by a plunger barrel and a column two cantilever beams, a plurality of guide holes and need processing, and the processing needs of the plunger end surface of a spherical end surface of the pull-back cylinder on the upper beam, thus presence of the structure need more parts, it is difficult to inadequate spherical face machining and processing costs high end face of the plunger. 接上述,在上横梁的下方安装滑块,又由于此结构将主缸安装在上横梁上,则必须将上横梁开有主缸的安装孔,为保证上横梁强度和刚度,需要将上横梁增加高度,这样就造成整机的高度增加,存在成本高和耗材多的不足。 Above ground, below the upper beam is mounted a slider, and since this arrangement in the master cylinder is mounted on the beam, the beam must be opened master cylinder mounting hole, in order to ensure the strength and rigidity of the beam, the beam needs to be increase the height, thus causing increase in height of the machine, there is a high cost and lack of supplies and more. 接上述,在各支柱上分别装有液压锁紧缸和夹紧缸及集油槽,在下横梁上装有顶出缸和起落缸,在下横梁的上方安装移动工作台,该工作台是由钢板焊接而成,其平面大小是由工作台的有效面积和夹紧缸的安装面积而决定,其高度由工作台的滚轮大小和工作台台面高度之和来决定,因此就使得工作台整体体积大,产生成本高的不足,另外,在工作台上本身不具有冷却水槽,所以它也不具有等温锻造的功能。 Above ground, each equipped with a hydraulic locking cylinder and the clamping cylinder and on the respective sump strut, with the lower beam landing cylinder and the ejector cylinder, mounted above the lower beam moving work table by welding steel plates into which a plane is determined by the size of mounting area of ​​the effective area and table clamping cylinder, which is determined by the height of the roller table and the size of the table and the table height, thus it makes the entire volume of the large table, generating the high cost of inadequate in addition, the table itself does not have a cooling tank, so it does not have the function of isothermal forging. 再接上述,由于导向装置是分别安装在支柱和滑块上,其滑块上的导向装置有关部件被支柱上的导向装置有关部件所包容,所以当滑块受热时,极易造成因传热不均,而产生使滑块卡住不动现象。 Followed by the above, since the guide means are respectively mounted on the column and a slider member guide means about the guide means on the slide member about the inclusion of the struts, so that when the slider is heated, heat can easily result due to uneven, generating the slider does not move stuck phenomenon. 接上述,在下横梁的前方安装有导轨,在下横梁上装有定位销组成的锻造液压机,由于它本身结构所限,因此不适宜用于飞机制造业的钛合金材料或者是高温合金材料等温锻造,这是因为要求被加工的钛合金或者是高温合金的锻造工艺要求高,而高温合金和钛合金的材料本身可塑性差,锻造温度带窄,变形抗力大,液压机吨位大,台面小,变形速率要求严格,并且锻造工艺复杂。 Then the above-mentioned, the lower beam is attached to the front of the rail, with positioning pins forging hydraulic press consisting of a lower beam, limited due to its own structure, and therefore unsuitable for use in isothermal forging of titanium alloy in the aircraft industry is the high temperature alloy or the like, which because the workpiece is required or a titanium alloy forging process requires high temperature, and high temperature alloys and titanium material itself poor plasticity, narrow band forging temperature, large deformation resistance, a large-tonnage hydraulic press, small table, demanding deformation rate and forging a complicated process.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题而提供一种用于加工钛合金制品的、能够达到可塑性和锻造温度带以及变形抗力等方面要求的等温锻造液压机。 The present invention is to solve the technical problems present in the known art and to provide a process for the titanium alloy article, it is possible to achieve isothermal forging hydraulic forging temperature with respect plasticity and deformation resistance and other requirements.

本发明为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题所采取的技术方案是:本发明是在公知技术的基础上进行改进,即在两支柱上都装有衬板,将在上横梁上安装的柱塞式回程缸改装为活塞式回程缸,将在上横梁下方安装的滑块改装为带缸滑块装置,在带缸滑块装置上还装有垫板,在两支柱与带缸滑块装置之间形成有固定式X型导轨结构,将在下横梁上方安装的移动工作台改装为快速换模装置。 The present invention is to solve the technical problems present in the known art technical solutions are adopted: The present invention is improved based on the known art, i.e., are equipped on both plate struts and the cross member is mounted on the upper plunger adapted for backhaul cylinder piston return cylinder, with the cylinder adapted to slide on the beam below the slider means mounted on the slide means further equipped with a plate cylinder, the two pillars of the slider with the cylinder means X is formed between the fixed-rail structure, the mounting of the lower cross member above the movable table adapted for quick mold.

本发明还可以采用如下技术措施:所述在上横梁上安装的活塞式回程缸的具体构成是,在带有活塞杆的缸体内先后安装防尘圈、密封圈、斯特封和斯来圈,在缸体内的活塞杆上也装有斯特封和斯来圈,在缸体底端通过螺钉装有缸底,缸体通过螺钉装于上横梁,伸出缸体的活塞杆端通过法兰和螺钉固装于带缸滑块装置。 The present invention may also be employed the following technical measures: the specific configuration of the piston return cylinder the upper beam is mounted in the cylinder has a piston rod with a mounting dust seal, seals, Manchester seal and Matthews ring, the piston rod of the cylinder is also equipped to Adams and Manchester closure ring at the bottom of the cylinder with the cylinder bottom by a screw, a cylinder mounted on the beam by screws, the projecting piston rod end of the cylinder a screw through the flange and the cylinder is fixedly mounted with the slider device.

所述带缸滑块装置的具体结构是,在滑块上通过螺钉安装调整块,在调整块上安装导板,在滑块与调整块之间还装有调整板,在滑块中分别安装防尘圈、密封圈、斯特封、斯来圈后再装有柱塞,在柱塞上通过螺钉装有连接套,通过锁母将连接套固装于上横梁。 The specific configuration of the slide with the cylinder means is mounted on the slider by a screw adjustment block, guide plates mounted on the adjusting block, also with the adjustment plate between the slider and the adjustment block, are mounted in the slider anti dust ring, ring, Manchester seal, then with Si to circle the plunger by the plunger with the screw coupling sleeve, the locking nut is connected by a sleeve fixedly mounted on the beam.

所述在两支柱与带缸滑块装置之间形成有固定式X型导轨结构的具体构成是,由两支柱上的衬板、带缸滑块装置中的导板和调整块、调整板、螺钉共同形成用于两支柱与带缸滑块装置的固定式X型导轨结构。 The specific configuration is formed with a fixed X-rail structure between two strut cylinder and the belt means is a slider, the two pillars of the liner with the cylinder guides the slider means and adjusting block, the adjustment plate, screw together they form a fixed X-rail post and the band structure for a two cylinder apparatus of the slider.

在所述带缸滑块装置上装有的垫板上开有2条以上冷却水槽,在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰。 On the cylinder with the slider device for opening more than two cooling tank with the backing plate, between the two flanges are equipped with the two cooling water tank.

所述快速换模装置的具体结构是,在固装于下横梁上方的移动工作台的下方安装滚轮,在对应滚轮位置的移动工作台上装有盖板,在移动工作台上装有移动开关和起落开关,在移动工作台上还开有2条以上冷却水槽,在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰,两个支架分别通过轴与移动缸连接安装后还连装于移动工作台的一端,移动工作台的另一端固定于地基,在移动工作台上制有凹槽,与移动工作台上的凹槽对应的架子位置上制有凸台,通过移动工作台的凹槽与架子的凸台形成的键连接将移动工作台和架子结合成一体。 The specific configuration of quick mold is mounted below the rollers fixedly mounted on the cross member above the movable table, the cover with the table moving position corresponding to the roller, with the mobile bench movement switch and landing switch, moving the table further opened two or more cooling tank, between the two flanges are equipped with the two cooling water tank, two brackets are mounted after the installation is also connected to one end of the movable table is connected to the moving cylinder by a shaft, the other end is fixed to the movable table ground, moving the table is formed with a recess, formed with projections and recesses corresponding to the table moving position of the rack, with the rack moving through the groove boss table the bond formed is connected with a mobile rack and integral stage.

本发明具有的优点和积极效果是:由于本发明将公知技术中在上横梁下方安装的滑块改装为具有固定导向的固定式X型导轨结构的带缸滑块装置以及将在下横梁上方安装的移动工作台改装为快速换模装置等结构改进,另外,相应的液压控制系统是采用高控制精度的比例伺服闭环液压控制系统,则使带缸滑块装置的压制速度能够精确控制在0.005毫米/秒;相应的控制行程数控系统是采用高可靠性、高精度直控型数字式位置控制行程数控系统,因此控制精度能够稳定在0.001毫米。 The invention has the advantages and positive effects: Because the present invention is well-known in the art modified slider is mounted beneath the beam with a cylinder device having a slide guide fixed stationary X-rail mounting structure and above the lower cross member moving table adapted for quick mold structure improvement, etc. in addition, the corresponding hydraulic control system is used to control high precision closed loop hydraulic proportional servo control system, so that the speed of the belt pressing cylinder means to precisely control the slider 0.005 mm / sec; stroke corresponding numerical control system with high reliability, precision-controlled direct digital control stroke position CNC system, and therefore the control precision can be stabilized at 0.001 mm. 所以它完全适用于高温合金材料以及用于飞机制造业的钛合金材料的等温锻造,而且还能够满足对高温合金材料或者是钛合金材料的要求,通过安装在温差较大状态下精度及其间隙保持性较高的固定式X型导轨结构和带有冷却水槽的垫板、快速换模装置,从而保证了诸如可塑性,锻造温度带,变形抗力等方面的要求。 It is fully applicable to high temperature alloys and isothermal forging of titanium alloys used in the aircraft industry, but also to meet the requirements for high temperature alloy or titanium alloy, and its accuracy by installing a large temperature difference in the state space higher retention of stationary X-rail structure and the water tank with cooling plate, quick mold, thus ensuring the required areas such as plasticity, with forging temperature deformation resistance and the like. 另外,本发明根据被加工材料的差异具有多种工作速度和超低速的功能,能够满足变形速率的要求。 Further, the present invention is a functional material having a plurality of difference in processing speed and very low speed of work, to meet the requirements of strain rate.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的结构示意图;图2是图1的俯视图;图3是图1中活塞式回程缸的结构示意图; FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the piston return cylinder in Figure 1;

图4是图1中带缸滑块装置的结构示意图;图5是图4的俯视图;图6是图1中垫板的结构示意图;图7是图1中快速换模装置的结构示意图;图8是图7的俯视图;图9是图7的侧视图;图10是图7中移动工作台的结构示意图;图11是图7中A的放大结构示意图。 FIG 4 is a schematic view of a cylinder with a slide apparatus; Figure 5 is a plan view of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the pad of FIG. 1; FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of FIG. 1 in a quick mold; FIG. 8 is a plan view of FIG. 7; FIG. 9 is a side view of FIG. 7; FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a mobile table in FIG. 7; FIG. 11 is an enlarged schematic view of a in FIG. 7.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为能进一步了解本发明的发明内容、特点及功效,兹例举以下实施例,并配合附图详细说明如下:请参阅图1和图2,将两支柱12、16安装在上横梁1与下横梁13之间,通过拉杆2和螺母3将支柱与上、下横梁之间紧固。 SUMMARY further understanding of the invention, the characteristics and effects of the present invention, hereby exemplified by the following examples, the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings: Referring to FIG 1 and FIG 2, the two arms 12, 16 mounted on the lower beam 1 between the cross member 13, through the rod 2 and the nut 3 and the upper struts fastened between the lower beam. 在两支柱12、16上都装有液压锁紧缸6和夹紧缸9及集油槽8,在两支柱上还都装有衬板15。 On the two struts 12,16 are provided with a hydraulic clamping cylinder and the locking cylinder 6 sump 8 and 9, on the plate are equipped with two further struts 15. 为降低成本,便于安装和达到结构简单,则在上横梁上安装有活塞式回程缸5,请参阅图3,活塞式回程缸5的具体构成是,在带有活塞杆5-6的缸体5-7内先后安装防尘圈5-11、密封圈5-10、斯特封5-9、斯来圈5-8,在缸体5-7内的活塞杆5-6上也装有斯特封5-4、斯来圈5-5,在缸体5-7底端通过螺钉5-1还装有缸底5-2,将构成上述结构中的缸体5-7通过螺钉5-3安装在上横梁1上,另外,将伸出缸体的活塞杆5-6的杆端通过法兰5-13和螺钉5-12固装在带缸滑块装置4中。 To reduce costs, easy to install and to achieve a simple structure, the upper beam is mounted a piston return cylinder 5, see FIG. 3, a piston return cylinder 5 is specifically configured, the cylinder having a piston rod 5-6 5-7 5-11 has installed dust ring, ring 5-10, 5-9 Lancaster letters, to circle Adams 5-8, 5-6 in the cylinder on the piston rod is also equipped with 5-7 Lancaster closure 5-4, 5-5 ring to Si, at the bottom of the cylinder by screws 5-1 5-7 5-2 further provided with the cylinder bottom, the cylinder constituting the structure by a screw 5 5-7 -3 mounted on the upper beam 1, Further, the projecting end of the piston rod of the cylinder rod by 5-6 screw 5-12 and 5-13 flange is secured to the slide means with a cylinder 4. 活塞式回程缸5是利用缸体5-7的柱塞腔作为回程使用。 5 is a back cylinder piston using the piston chamber of the cylinder as the backhaul 5-7.

接上述,在上横梁1的下方安装带缸滑块装置4,带缸滑块装置的具体结构是,请参阅图4和图5,在滑块4e上通过螺钉4m安装调整块4k,在调整块上安装导板4j,在滑块与调整块之间还装有调整板4L,调整板的作用是,调整板4L修磨后,可以调节衬板15和导板4j之间的间隙量。 Connected to the above, on the beam below the mounting apparatus 1 with the cylinder 4 of the slider, the slider cylinder apparatus with a specific structure is, see FIGS. 4 and 5, the slider block 4m adjustment screws 4e 4k by adjusting mounted on the guide plate. 4J block, between the slider and the adjusting plate provided with further adjustment block 4L, the effect of the adjustment plate is adjusted 4L grinding plate can be adjusted gap amount between the liner 15 and the guide plate 4j. 在滑块中先后安装防尘圈4f、密封圈4g、斯特封4h、斯来圈4i后再装有柱塞4d,柱塞上通过螺钉4c装有连接套4b,将连接套通过锁母4a固装在上横梁1上。 In the dust seal mounted slider has 4F, seals 4g, Manchester seal 4h, 4i and then with Si to circle the plunger 4d, 4c with coupling sleeve 4b by screws on the plunger, the sleeve is connected by a lock nut 4a fixedly mounted on the upper beam 1. 当滑块4e受热后,它可以将热均匀地传递到调整块4k,由调整块4k再传递到导板4j,由导板4j传递到衬板15。 When the slider 4e heat, which heat may be uniformly transmitted to the adjustment block 4k, 4k by the adjusting block and then transmitted to the guide plate 4j, 4j transmitted from the guide plate 15 to the backing plate. 再参阅图5,两支柱12、16与带缸滑块装置4之间形成有固定式X型导轨结构,它的具体构成是,由两支柱12、16上的衬板15、带缸滑块装置4中的导板4j和调整块4k、调整板4L、螺钉4m共同形成了用于两支柱与带缸滑块装置4的固定式X型导轨结构。 Referring again to FIG. 5, the two arms 12, 16 and slide means are formed with a cylinder fixed between the X-rail structure 4, its specific configuration is a two struts 12, 16 on the liner 15, with the slide cylinder guide plate means 4 and the adjustment block. 4J 4k, adjustment plate 4L, 4m screws together form a fixed X-rail post and the band structure for a two cylinder apparatus 4 of the slider. 由此可使本发明在温差较大情况下,精度和间隙保持性好,很适合于加工钛合金材料和高温合金材料。 Thus the present invention allows the large temperature differences, and the gap to maintain good accuracy, it is suitable for processing titanium alloys and high temperature alloys.

接上述,请参阅图6,在带缸滑块装置4上还装有垫板7,其上开有2条以上冷却水槽701,本实施例选择为8条。 Then the above, please refer to FIG. 6, on the slide with the cylinder plate 7 is also provided with means 4, which is more than the upper opening 2 a cooling water bath 701, is selected to Example 8 of the present embodiment. 为使各冷却水槽连通,在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰702、703、704。 In order to enable communication with a cooling water bath, the two cooling water tank between the two flanges 702,703, 704 are equipped. 冷却水槽中的冷却水能够冷却被加工锻件(如:钛合金或者是高温合金),所以使被加工锻件可以保持较好的机械性能。 Cooling water in the water tank can be cooled by the forging processing (such as: a titanium alloy or superalloy), it is processed so that the forging can maintain good mechanical properties.

接上述,在下横梁13上装有顶出缸14和起落缸11,在下横梁的前方安装有导轨17,在下横梁上装有两个定位销18,它们能够决定移动工作台的复位精度。 Then the above, the lower cross member 13 on the top of the cylinder 14 and provided with landing cylinder 11, the lower front cross rail 17 is mounted, with two positioning pins 18 on the lower beam, they can decide the accuracy of table movement is reset. 而移动工作台的升起与落下是由起落缸11来完成的,其落下后由夹紧缸9将移动工作台夹紧。 Lifting table and is moved down by the rise and fall cylinder 11 is accomplished, which falls after the movable table 9 is clamped by the clamping cylinder. 在下横梁的上方装有快速换模装置10,请参阅图7-图10,快速换模装置的具体结构是,在固装于下横梁13上方的移动工作台10-6的下方安装有在导轨17上滚动的4个滚轮10-2,为了使滚轮防尘和安全使用,则在对应滚轮10-2位置的移动工作台10-6上装有盖板10-8。 Above the lower beam with quick mold 10, see FIG. 7 to FIG. 10, a specific configuration of quick mold is fixedly mounted beneath the lower cross member above the movable table 13 mounted on guide rails 10-6 10-8 on the cover plate 17 is equipped with four rolling rollers 10-2, dust and safe to use the roller, the roller 10-2 at the corresponding position of the moving stage 10-6. 在移动工作台上装有移动开关10-13和起落开关10-14,在移动工作台上也开有2条以上冷却水槽10-601,本实施例选择为8条,同理,为使各冷却水槽连通,在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰10-3、10-4、10-7。 In the table move with movement switch landing switches 10-13 and 10-14, also opened at the table moving more than two cooling tank 10-601, were chosen for the present embodiment 8, the same token, each of the cooling sink communication between the two flanges are equipped with the two cooling water tank 10-3,10-4,10-7. 另外,支架10-5、10-12分别通过轴10-10与移动缸10-11连接安装后再连装于移动工作台10-6的一端,移动工作台10-6的另一端固定于地基。 Further, the holder shaft 10-5,10-12 respectively 10-10 and 10-11 after moving cylinder is connected with the connector mounted to an end of the movable table 10-6, the stage 10-6 is moved to another end fixed to the foundation . 为了方便加工滚轮10-2及支承支柱上的夹紧缸9,使移动工作台10-6本身机身减小,降低成本和方便加工,因此把架子10-1通过螺钉10-15及定位销10-9与移动工作台连接成一体,其中移动工作台和架子是通过键连接成一体的,请参阅图11,所述的键连接是在移动工作台10-6上制有凹槽10-602,与移动工作台上的凹槽对应的架子10-1位置上制有凸台10-101,通过移动工作台的凹槽与架子的凸台形成键连接将移动工作台10-6和架子10-1结合成一体。 To facilitate the processing of the clamping cylinder and roller 10-2 on the support pillar 9, the movable body itself, stage 10-6 is reduced, reducing the cost and easy to process, so the rack 10-1 by screws and positioning pins 10-15 10-9 integrally connected to the movable table, wherein the moving table and the shelf are connected integrally by a bond, see FIG. 11, the linkage is made on the movable table with a groove 10-6 10- 602, 10-1 and the rack position of the groove corresponding to the movement of the table is formed with a boss 10-101, linkage to move the stage 10-6 are formed by projections and recesses rack and the rack movement table 10-1 combined into one.

本发明的操作方式既可以采用手动操作方式进行等温锻造,也可以采用半自动操作方式进行等温锻造。 Operation of the present invention may be manually operated isothermally forging, semi-automatic mode of operation may be used for isothermal forging. 本发明的动作原理为,在电磁铁(未提供示意图)作用下,带缸滑块装置4靠自重快速下行,到达规定位置后,带缸滑块装置慢速下行,接触被加工锻件(如:钛合金或者是高温合金),达到压力要求后,带缸滑块装置4保压,保压到规定时间后泄压,泄压后通过活塞式回程缸5回程。 Operation principle of the present invention, the electromagnet (not provide schematic) under the action with the slide cylinder means 4 by gravity down quickly, reaches a predetermined position, with the slide cylinder means slow down, the contact is processed forgings (eg: after the titanium or superalloy), to achieve the required pressure, with the cylinder holding pressure slide means 4, a predetermined dwell time after the pressure relief, the relief piston return cylinder 5 through the backhaul. 当带缸滑块装置4在最上位置时,(长期不用时)可以通过液压锁紧缸6锁住,确保带缸滑块装置不下滑,但是当需要带缸滑块装置运行时,液压锁紧缸6自行解锁。 When the slider device with a 4-cylinder in the uppermost position (when not long) can be locked by the hydraulic locking cylinder 6, to ensure that the cylinder with the slider device does not decline, but when the need to bring the slide cylinder device is in operation, hydraulic lock unlocking the cylinder 6 itself. 活塞式回程缸5回程停止后,顶出缸14顶出,到规定时间后顶出缸14退回并至停止。 After return piston return cylinder 5 is stopped, the ejector cylinder 14, after a predetermined time the top of the cylinder 14 is retracted and to stop. 而快速换模装置10的升起与降落,由起落缸11控制,当快速换模装置10降落后,由夹紧缸9将快速换模装置夹紧于下横梁13上。 And quick mold 10 is lifted and landed, the landing control cylinder 11, when the landing quick mold 10, the clamping cylinder 9 quick mold clamping on the lower cross member 13. 对于快速换模装置的移动,是靠移动缸10-11来完成。 For quick mold movement is accomplished by moving the cylinder 10-11.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,是由上、下横梁(1)、(13)之间装有两支柱(12)、(16),各支柱与上、下横梁之间通过拉杆(2)和螺母(3)紧固,在上横梁(1)上安装柱塞式回程缸,在上横梁的下方安装滑块,在各支柱上分别装有液压锁紧缸(6)和夹紧缸(9)及集油槽(8),在下横梁上装有顶出缸(14)和起落缸(11),在下横梁(13)的上方装有移动工作台,其导向装置是分别安装在支柱和滑块上,在下横梁的前方安装有导轨(17),在下横梁上装有定位销(18)组成,其特征是:在两支柱(12)、(16)上都装有衬板(15),将在上横梁上安装的柱塞式回程缸改装为活塞式回程缸(5),将在上横梁下方安装的滑块改装为带缸滑块装置(4),在带缸滑块装置上还装有垫板(7),在两支柱(12)、(16)与带缸滑块装置(4)之间形成有固定式X型导轨结构,将在下横梁上方安装的移动工作台改装为快 1. A method for processing a titanium alloy article isothermal forging hydraulic press is determined by the upper and lower cross member (1), with (13) two arms (12), (16), and the support pillars on the lower beam Room fastened by mounting rod (2) and the nut (3) on the beam (1) return cylinder plunger, below the upper beam is mounted a slider, each provided with a hydraulic locking cylinder (6 on each strut ) and the clamping cylinder (9) and a sump (8), with the top of the cylinder on the lower beam (14) and landing cylinder (11), above the lower cross member (13) is provided with moving table, which guide means are respectively and the slider is mounted on the pillar, a front cross member attached to the lower guide rail (17), with the positioning pin (18) composed of the lower beam, characterized in that: on the two arms (12), (16) are provided with plate (15), the upper beam mounted ram return cylinder adapted for return cylinder piston (5), will be converted into a cylinder with the slide means (4) mounted on the slide beneath the cross member, with the cylinder carriage mobile work pad is also equipped with the blocking means (7) is formed with a fixed X-rail structure (12), (16) and the slide cylinder means with two struts (4), the upper cross member attached to the lower Taiwan converted into fast 速换模装置(10)。 Quick change device (10).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,其特征是:在上横梁(1)上安装的活塞式回程缸(5)的具体构成是,在带有活塞杆(5-6)的缸体(5-7)内先后安装防尘圈(5-11)、密封圈(5-10)、斯特封(5-9)、斯来圈(5-8),在缸体(5-7)内的活塞杆(5-6)上装有斯特封(5-4)、斯来圈(5-5),在缸体(5-7)底端通过螺钉(5-1)装有缸底(5-2),缸体(5-7)通过螺钉(5-3)装于上横梁(1),伸出缸体的活塞杆(5-6)端通过法兰(5-13)和螺钉(5-12)固装于带缸滑块装置(4)。 The isothermal forging hydraulic press used to process the titanium alloy article as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: in the specific configuration of the cross member (1) piston return cylinder (5) is mounted on, with the piston rod (5-6) within the cylinder (5-7) has mounting dust seal (5-11), the sealing ring (5-10), Lancaster closure (5-9), to circle Si (5-8) , on the cylinder piston rod (5-6) in the (5-7) with Lancaster closure (5-4), to circle Si (5-5), at the bottom of the cylinder (5-7) by screws (5-1) is provided with cylinder bottom (5-2), a cylinder (5-7) by means of screws (5-3) mounted on the beam (1), a piston rod projecting cylinder (5-6) end by means of flanges (5-13) and screws (5-12) with a cylinder fixedly mounted on the slide means (4).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,其特征是:带缸滑块装置(4)的具体结构是,在滑块(4e)上通过螺钉(4m)安装调整块(4k),在调整块(4k)上安装导板(4j),在滑块与调整块之间还装有调整板(4L),在滑块中分别安装防尘圈(4f)、密封圈(4g)、斯特封(4h)、斯来圈(4i)后再装有柱塞(4d),在柱塞上通过螺钉(4c)装有连接套(4b),通过锁母(4a)将连接套固装于上横梁(1)。 The isothermal forging hydraulic press for machining titanium article of claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that: a cylinder with a specific configuration of the slide means (4) is, on the slider (4E) by screws (4m ) mounting adjustment block (4K), the adjustment block mounting guides (. 4J) the (4K), also equipped with the adjustment plate (4L) between the slider and adjustment blocks are mounted dust seal (4f in the slider) the sealing ring (4G), Manchester seal (4H), Matthews ring (4i) and then with the plunger (4D), the plunger by means of screws (4c) provided with coupling sleeve (4B), through the lock nut (4a) connected to the sleeve fixedly mounted on the beam (1).
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2或3所述的用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,其特征是:两支柱(12)、(16)与带缸滑块装置(4)之间形成有固定式X型导轨结构的具体构成是,由两支柱(12)、(16)上的衬板(15)、带缸滑块装置(4)中的导板(4j)和调整块(4k)、调整板(4L)、螺钉(4m)共同形成用于两支柱(12)、(16)与带缸滑块装置(4)的固定式X型导轨结构。 The isothermal forging hydraulic press for machining titanium article of claim 1 or 2 or as claimed in claim 3, wherein: formed between two struts (12), (16) and a cylinder with a slide means (4) DETAILED X-shaped configuration fixed rail structure is composed of two struts (12), the liner (15) (16) with a cylinder slider guide means (4) (. 4J) and the adjustment block (4K), adjustment plate (4L), a screw (4M) together form a fixed rail structure for the two X-shaped struts (12), (16) and a cylinder with a slide means (4).
  5. 5.根据权利要求1-4之一所述的用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,其特征是:在带缸滑块装置(4)上装有的垫板(7)上开有2条以上冷却水槽(701),在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰(702)、(703)、(704)。 The isothermal forging hydraulic press for machining titanium alloy article according to one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the opened pad (7) on the slide with the cylinder means (4) with the two the above cooling water tank (701), between the two flanges are equipped with the two cooling water tank (702), (703), (704).
  6. 6.根据权利要求1-5之一所述的用于加工钛合金制品的等温锻造液压机,其特征是:快速换模装置(10)的具体结构是,在固装于下横梁(13)上方的移动工作台(10-6)的下方安装滚轮(10-2),在对应滚轮(10-2)位置的移动工作台(10-6)上装有盖板(10-8),在移动工作台上装有移动开关(10-13)和起落开关(10-15),在移动工作台上还开有2条以上冷却水槽(10-601),在两两冷却水槽间都装有法兰(10-3)、(10-4)、(10-7),支架(10-5)、(10-12)分别通过轴(10-10)与移动缸(10-11)连接安装后还连装于移动工作台(10-6)的一端,移动工作台(10-6)的另一端固定于地基,在移动工作台(10-6)上制有凹槽(10-602),与移动工作台上的凹槽对应的架子(10-1)位置上制有凸台(10-101),通过移动工作台的凹槽与架子的凸台形成的键连接将移动工作台(10-6)和架子(10-1)结合成一体。 According to claim isothermal forging hydraulic machine for machining titanium alloy article according to one of 1-5, characterized in that: a specific configuration quick mold (10) is fixedly mounted above the lower chord (13) under the moving table (10-6) mounting the roller (10-2), with the cover plate (10-8) corresponding to the table on the mobile roller (10-2) position (10-6), the mobile work moving the stage with a switch (10-13) and a landing switch (10-15), the table moves further in the opening with more than two cooling water bath (10-601), between the two flanges are equipped with the two cooling water tank ( 10-3), (10-4), (10-7), the bracket (10-5), (10-12), respectively, via a shaft (10-10) and a mobile cylinder (10-11) connected after installation is also connected One end mounted on the movable table (10-6), and the other moving table (10-6) is fixed to the end of the foundation, on the movable table (10-6) is formed with a recess (10-602), and a mobile a corresponding recess is formed with a shelf bench boss (10-101) (10-1) position, the bond formed by the projections and recesses of the shelf the movable table moving table (10-6 ) and a rack (10-1) combined into one.
CN 02146102 2002-10-31 2002-10-31 Isothermal forging hydraulic press used for processing titanium alloy product CN1289228C (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100427241C (en) 2006-09-12 2008-10-22 中国第一重型机械集团公司 Adjustable clearance guide rail of pre stressed stand in large scale forging pump press
CN101733351B (en) 2008-10-12 2011-12-07 通裕重工股份有限公司 120mn free forging hydraulic press
CN102303083A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-01-04 钢铁研究总院 Quick isothermal forging method and device for preparing less-deformable alloy cake blank
CN102582101A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Four-column forging hydraulic machine
CN102873246A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-16 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Hydraulic machine for forging and forming large-sized aluminium alloy wheel hub
CN102921857A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-13 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Superplastic diffusion bonding hot-forming press for titanium alloy sheet part
CN102941306A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Heat insulating device of isothermal thermal forming forging press

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100427241C (en) 2006-09-12 2008-10-22 中国第一重型机械集团公司 Adjustable clearance guide rail of pre stressed stand in large scale forging pump press
CN101733351B (en) 2008-10-12 2011-12-07 通裕重工股份有限公司 120mn free forging hydraulic press
CN102303083A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-01-04 钢铁研究总院 Quick isothermal forging method and device for preparing less-deformable alloy cake blank
CN102303083B (en) 2011-06-30 2013-05-29 钢铁研究总院 Quick isothermal forging method and device for preparing less-deformable alloy cake blank
CN102582101A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Four-column forging hydraulic machine
CN102873246A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-16 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Hydraulic machine for forging and forming large-sized aluminium alloy wheel hub
CN102873246B (en) * 2012-09-27 2016-01-20 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Large aluminum wheel hydraulic forging machine
CN102921857A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-13 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Superplastic diffusion bonding hot-forming press for titanium alloy sheet part
CN102941306A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-27 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Heat insulating device of isothermal thermal forming forging press
CN102921857B (en) * 2012-11-15 2015-07-15 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Superplastic diffusion bonding hot-forming press for titanium alloy sheet part
CN102941306B (en) * 2012-11-15 2016-06-08 天津市天锻压力机有限公司 Isothermal forging molding machine holding device

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