CN1484206A - automatic vehicle dispatching system and method - Google Patents

automatic vehicle dispatching system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1484206A
CN1484206A CNA031534252A CN03153425A CN1484206A CN 1484206 A CN1484206 A CN 1484206A CN A031534252 A CNA031534252 A CN A031534252A CN 03153425 A CN03153425 A CN 03153425A CN 1484206 A CN1484206 A CN 1484206A
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motor vehicle
vehicle
module
coordinates
system according
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CNA031534252A
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黄安志
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倚天资讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention refers to a kind of traveled automatic assigning system and method. It sets car wireless device which combines with double direction wireless transmission system and whole world localization system on vehicles, the control centre can communicate with the vehicle in double direction, and it knows the position of the vehicle, compares the position with the assigned position, controls the vehicle to move to the assigned position. The control centre calculates the estimated value of each vehicle according to assigning law, and assigns the vehicle which has smallest value. The assigning law includes the reaching time, or/and average using times; when the vehicle refuses to accept the assign, then assigns the second smallest value vehicle until the assign is accepted.

Description

行车自动派遣系统及方法 Driving automatic dispatch system and method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明是关于一种自动派遣技术,尤指一种行车自动派遣系统及方法,其适用范围包括应用于出租车派遣系统、军警车辆派遣系统、或其它需要进行机动车辆调度派遣作业的系统中。 The present invention relates to an automatic dispatch technique, particularly to a system and method of automatically sending traffic, its scope is applied to the taxi dispatch system comprising, police vehicle dispatch system, or other motor vehicle is required to dispatch the job scheduling system .

背景技术 Background technique

在习知的行车派遣系统中,以出租车派遣系统为例,其是由出租车业者(例如车队)提供个人派车服务,可供乘客透过电话或网络来叫车。 In the conventional driving dispatch systems to the taxi dispatch system, for example, sent a car service that is provided by the individual taxi operators (such as fleet), available for passengers over the phone or Internet to ask for one. 而在出租车的行车控制中心接收到叫车讯息后,派车员使用无线电广播方式联络所有正在接听派车中心广播的出租车驾驶,由派车员广播搭车地点,并由最短到达时间开始询问,由驾驶自行评估是否可在所询问要求的到达时间到达该搭车地点载客,并主动回复载客意愿,而选定一台出租车至搭乘地点载客。 The traffic control center after the taxi cab received the message, sent a car to use radio broadcasts to contact members of all taxi drivers are being sent a car to answer the broadcast center, the staff sent a car ride broadcasting place by the shortest arrival time to start asking by driving their own assessment of whether the passenger arrives at the ride site at the time of arrival of the inquiry requested, and actively respond to the wishes of passengers, and selected a taxi passenger to take place.

然而,由于习知出租车派遣系统大多仍采用人工派车,因此除了需支出雇用派车员的薪资花费之外、还容易产生派车效率不高与调度沟通时间过长的问题,且派车员往往需要借由经验的累积来提高人工派车精准度,故一旦人员流动率过高,势将徒增行车控制中心的人员训练费用。 However, since the conventional taxi dispatch system remained largely artificial sent a car, so in addition to the need to hire outside payroll expenses of members sent a car to spend, but also prone to the problem of long sent a car is not efficient communication and scheduling time, and sent a car members often need to borrow from the cumulative experience of artificial sent a car to improve accuracy, so once the high staff turnover, staff training costs is bound to create more traffic control center. 此外,由于行车控制中心与出租车之间是使用无线电联系,因此行车控制中心仅能根据驾驶由无线电所回复的讯息来判断出租车现况,而无法确实掌控在道路上行驶的所有出租车状况,极易造成出租车调度上的困难。 In addition, because the traffic between the control center and a taxi is the use of radio contact, and therefore can only be based on the traffic control center manned by radio the reply message to determine the status of the taxi, and can not really control the situation in all taxi traveling on the road , can easily cause difficulties taxi dispatch.

再者,由于近年来,搭车安全逐渐受到重视,故亦有出租车队发展出在车队所属的全部出租车上皆配置卫星定位系统的方式,并结合行动通讯网路(如:GSM)将行车位置坐标传送给行车控制中心,再由行车控制中心服务器来记录车程资料,以保障搭乘者的安全。 Furthermore, in recent years, increasing attention rider safety, it also has a taxi fleet to develop a way to configure both satellite positioning system in the entire taxi fleet belongs, in conjunction with mobile communications network (eg: GSM) will be driving position coordinates to the traffic control center, and then by the traffic control center server to record the drive information in order to protect the safety of the rider. 且行车控制中心亦利用此行动通讯网路与出租车驾驶联络沟通。 And traffic control centers also use this mobile communication network and a taxi driver contacts and communication. 而由于行车控制中心可掌控各车辆的行车位置,因此在接收到叫车讯息以取得乘客的搭乘地点信息后,是可借由各车辆的行车位置来选定指派并通知距离搭乘地点最近的车辆前往载客。 And after due to the traffic control center can control the driving position of each vehicle, so the message is received cab ride to get location information of passengers, is borrowed by the driving position of the vehicle assigned to select and notify take place from the nearest vehicle Go to passengers. 以改善前述行车控制中心只能借由广播被动等待驾驶回复的缺失。 To improve the aforementioned traffic control center can only passively wait for the missing driver by means of a broadcast reply.

然而,若距离搭乘地点最近的车辆目前位于路况壅塞路段,而无法实时驶抵搭乘地点,将导致乘客枯等许久而未见出租车出现的情况,因而造成商誉损失;此外,若该受到指派的出租车的平均载客量较高,却仍接受到行车控制中心的指派而前往载客,容易使得载客量较低、却也在搭乘地点附近行驶的出租车驾驶对于载客量分配不均而心生不满,并非十分理想。 If, however, take place from the nearest road congestion road vehicle is currently located, and can not take place in real time arrived, the passenger will lead to dry and so for a long time and no taxi appeared, resulting in loss of goodwill; In addition, if the assignment by the higher average taxi passenger capacity, still receives assigned traffic control center and passenger travel, easy to make low passenger capacity, but also to take place near the taxi driver for driving the passenger capacity is not allocated all was unhappy, not very satisfactory.

同理,于习知军警车辆派遣系统中,各军警车辆亦使用无线电来沟通讯息,当遇有状况或意外发生时,行车控制中心(例如警察局)将通知在附近巡逻的军警车辆行驶至意外地点来执行勤务,但习知军警车辆派遣系统亦具有与出租车派遣系统相同的缺失,亦有予以改进的必要。 Similarly, in the conventional vehicle police dispatch systems, police vehicles also use the respective radio to communicate a message, when the event condition or accident, traffic control center (e.g., police) would notify police patrol vehicle to travel to the vicinity accident location to perform the service, but conventional military police vehicle dispatch system taxi dispatch system also has the same deletion, also need to be improved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的主要目的是在提供一种行车自动派遣系统及方法,是使用计算机系统自动派遣机动车辆,以能减少人为判断错误与时间的浪费。 The main object of the present invention is to provide an automatic dispatch system and a driving method, using a computer system to automatically send a motor vehicle, in order to reduce human error and waste of time is determined.

本发明的另一目的是在提供一种行车自动派遣系统及方法,是根据装设于各机动车辆上的全球定位模块以掌握所有机动车辆的目前位置坐标,是同时考量机动车辆的行车到达时间估计值,以提高行车控制中心服务器的决策精准度。 Another object of the present invention is to provide an automatic dispatch system and a driving method, based on a motor vehicle mounted on each of the global positioning module to grasp the current position coordinates of all motor vehicles, is driving a motor vehicle while considering the arrival time estimated value, in order to improve the accuracy of decision making traffic control center servers.

本发明的再一目的是在提供一种行车自动派遣系统及方法,考量机动车辆的平均使用次数,借此决定欲派遣的机动车辆,能更平均地分配各机动车辆的业务量,以增加公平性。 A further object of the present invention is to provide an automatic dispatch system and a driving method, considering the average number of use of the motor vehicle, whereby the motor vehicle to be dispatched decision, the traffic can be more evenly distributed in each motor vehicle, in order to increase fairness sex.

为达成上述目的,依据本发明的一特色,是提出一种行车自动派遣系统,其包括有复数个车载无线装置以及一行车控制中心服务器。 To achieve the above object, according to one feature of the invention is to provide an automatic dispatch system traffic, which comprises a plurality of in-vehicle radio device and a vehicle control server. 上述车载无线装置是分别装设于复数台机动车辆上,且每一车载无线装置包括有一无线传输模块、与一可撷取机动车辆的目前位置坐标的全球定位模块,以经由无线传输模块将机动车辆的目前位置坐标传送出去。 The in-vehicle wireless device is a plurality of units are mounted on a motor vehicle, and each vehicle-mounted device includes a wireless radio transmission module, and a motor vehicle captures the current position coordinates of the global positioning module to a motor via a wireless transmission module current position coordinates sent out of the vehicle. 行车控制中心服务器则包括有一地图数据库、一接收模块、以及一派遣模块,地图数据库中储存有所接收的位置坐标、复数个路段信息、及每一路段所对应的平均速度;接收模块可供接收一呼叫车辆请求,其包括有一指定位置坐标,借以指派一机动车辆行驶至指定位置坐标所在地,且接收模块亦能接收由无线传输模块所传来的目前位置坐标;派遣模块即可根据上述目前位置坐标、指定位置坐标来搜寻地图数据库中的路段信息,以分别获取自目前位置驶抵指定位置坐标的路径其包括至少一路段,再以一派遣法则分别依据地图数据库所储存各路段的平均速度,计算出机动车辆对应于指定位置坐标的估计值,并产生一派遣通知以传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆,以通知机动车辆行驶至指定位置坐标。 The traffic control center includes a server map database, a receiving module, and a sending module, has received the positional coordinates stored in the map database, a plurality of link information, and each segment corresponding to the average velocity; receiving module for receiving a call request for a vehicle, which includes a designated coordinate position, so as to assign a specified motor vehicle with the position coordinates of the location, and can also receiving module receives the current location coordinates of the transmitted wireless transmission module; dispatch module based on the current location can be coordinate, coordinates specify the location to search for information road map database in order to obtain respectively from the current path location to sail to the location coordinates of which includes at least one section and then sent to a map database in accordance with the law were an average speed of each section of the store, the motor vehicle is calculated corresponding to the designated position coordinate estimates, and generating a notification sent to a motor vehicle transmission minimum estimate to notify the motor vehicles to the designated coordinate position.

依据本发明的另一特色,是提出一种行车自动派遣方法,其是应用于上述行车自动派遣系统中。 According to another feature of the invention is to provide a method of automatically sending a drive, which drive is applied to the above automatic dispatch system. 初始是接收并储存复数台机动车辆的目前位置坐标信息;待接收到呼叫车辆请求后,将可搜寻出自目前位置驶抵指定位置所对应包括有至少一路段信息的路径;接着根据一以平均速度为一参数的派遣法则,分别计算出各路径的估计值;最后将一派遣通知传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆,借以通知机动车辆行驶至指定位置坐标。 Initially receiving and storing a plurality of sets of the motor vehicle current position coordinate information; vehicle until after receiving the call request, the search can sail to the current location from the location information comprises at least a link corresponding to the path; then an average speed according to a a dispatch rule parameters, were calculated for each path estimated value; finally send a notification to a motor vehicle having a smallest estimate, so as to notify the specified motor vehicles position coordinates.

此外,于本发明所提出的系统及方法中,机动车辆亦可传回拒绝讯息以拒绝行车控制中心服务器的指派而不行驶至指定位置坐标所在地,此时行车控制中心服务器将把派遣通知传送至具有次小估计值的机动车辆,或于重新计算各机动车辆的估计值后,将派遣通知传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆。 Further, the system and method proposed by the present invention, the motor vehicle can return REJECT message to deny the traffic control center assignment server without traveling to a specified location coordinate location, at this time the traffic control center will send a notification to the server a motor vehicle having a small time estimates, or after the recalculation of each estimated value of the motor vehicle, will send notification to a motor vehicle having a minimum estimate.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明一较佳实施例的功能方块图;图2是本发明一较佳实施例的流程图;图3是本发明一较佳实施例的指定位置坐标与机动车辆目前位置坐标间的配置关系图;图4是本发明另一较佳实施例的流程图。 1 is a functional block diagram of a preferred embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a flowchart of the present invention, the preferred embodiment; FIG. 3 is specified between the current location coordinates of the position coordinates of a motor vehicle with a preferred embodiment of the present invention configuration diagram; FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing another preferred embodiment of the present invention in embodiments.

符号说明:T1-出租车1-车载无线装置11-GPS模块12-无线传输模块2-行车控制中心服务器21-地图数据库22-接收模块23-派遣模块24-网页模块9-全球定位卫星R-呼叫车辆请求 Description of Symbols: T1- 1- taxi vehicle radio module 12- 11-GPS wireless transmission module 2- traffic control center the map database server 21 receiving module 23- 22- 24- page module sending a global positioning satellite module 9- R- vehicle call request

P-指定位置坐标t1,t2,t3-目前位置坐标具体实施方式本发明是应用于行车派遣系统中,本实施例是以出租车派遣系统为例,其包括有复数台装设有车载无线装置的出租车、与一行车控制中心服务器,当然实际应用并不在此限,亦可应用于例如军警车辆派遣系统、或其它等效需要进行机动车辆调度派遣作业的系统中。 P- designated position coordinates t1, t2, t3- current location coordinates of specific embodiments of the present invention is applied to driving dispatch system, according to the present embodiment, an example is a taxi dispatch system, which comprises a plurality of station apparatus mounted with a car radio taxi, and a traffic control center server, unless of course the practical application and can also be applied, for example police vehicle dispatch system, or other equivalent motor vehicle is required to dispatch the job scheduling system. 请参阅图1的功能方块图,本实施例的出租车派遣系统是于出租车T1(即机动车辆)上装设一车载无线装置1,较佳为一智能型无线个人数字助理(PDA,personaldigital assistant)装置,其包括有一全球定位模块(即GPS模块11)、及一无线传输模块12,其用以与行车控制中心服务器2进行联络沟通,车载无线装置1较佳并连结至机动车辆上的电源,以确保供电无虞。 See functional block diagram of FIG. 1, the taxi dispatch system according to the present embodiment is a wireless device mounted on a vehicle cab T1 (i.e., a motor vehicle), the preferred is a smart wireless personal digital assistant (PDA, personaldigital assistant ) apparatus, which comprises a global positioning module (i.e., the GPS module 11), and a wireless transmission module 12, which is used to communicate with the contact 2 the traffic control center server, the wireless device a preferred vehicle and connected to the power supply on a motor vehicle to ensure that the power supply with no fear. 其中,无线传输模块12是一双向无线传输模块,例如为整合封包无线电服务(GPRS,general packet radio service)模块、或为一全球行动通讯系统(GSM,global system for mobile communication)模块。 Among them, the wireless transmission module 12 is a two-way wireless transmission modules, such as General Packet Radio Service (GPRS, general packet radio service) module, or as a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (GSM, global system for mobile communication) module. 据此,全球定位系统11将可设定全球定位卫星9定时(或不定时)撷取出租车T1的目前位置坐标,并透过无线传输模块12实时将目前位置坐标传送至出租车队的行车控制中心服务器2;行车控制中心服务器2则包括有接收模块22用以接收所有出租车传来的目前位置坐标,并具有地图数据库21以储存上述位置坐标、复数个路段信息、及每一路段所对应的平均速度,派遣模块23则可根据派遣法则来指派出租车至指定地点进行载客服务,后文中将详述本实施例的派遣法则。 Accordingly, the global positioning system 11 may be a global positioning satellite 9 to set the timing (or irregular) retrieve current location coordinates taxi T1 and 12 to transfer real-time current location coordinates of the taxi fleet to driving through wireless transmission module control center server 2; traffic control center server 2 comprises a receiving module 22 for receiving the current position coordinates of all the taxis came, and having a map database 21 for storing the position coordinates of a plurality of link information, and each segment of the corresponding to the average speed, the dispatch module 23 may be assigned to the designated location for passenger taxi services based dispatch rules, will be described in detail later dispatch rules embodiment of the present embodiment.

又地图数据库21中各路段所对应的平均速度信息来源,除可采用内建式以外,由于本实施例中,行车控制中心服务器2是具有接收各出租车随时传送的位置坐标资料的功能,故可利用这些坐标资料,配合接收时间等等信息观察各路段的行车状况,而统计得出各路段的平均速度,甚至是各路段各时段的平均速度,例如:分别统计出各路段离峰与尖峰时段的平均速度。 Average speed information sources and the map database 21 corresponding to each segment, can be built-in in addition to outside, since the present embodiment, the vehicle control center server 2 having received the positional coordinates of each taxi data transmitted at any function, it these coordinates information can be used, with the reception timing, and so each link driving conditions were observed, and statistics derived from the average speed of each link, even the average speed of each link for each time period, such as: statistics of each link from the peak peak the average rate period.

请一并参阅图2的流程图,一开始行车控制中心服务器2的接收模块22将可接收并储存由各出租车所传送过来的目前位置坐标信息(步骤S201),借以掌握各出租车的所在位置。 Referring to the flowchart of FIG. 2, a traffic control center starts the server 2 receiving module 22 may receive and store the current position coordinate information transmitted by the taxi over (step S201), so as to grasp the location of each taxi position. 而当乘客欲搭乘出租车时,乘客是可透过出租车队所提供的电话或网络叫车服务以将一呼叫车辆请求R传送至行车控制中心服务器2的接收模块22(步骤S202),呼叫车辆请求R包括有乘客欲搭乘地点(或称上车地点)的位置坐标信息,因此派遣模块23接着将自地图数据库21中读取出各出租车的目前位置坐标,而为使达到较佳的派遣效率,可配合地图路段信息,撷取上车地点位置坐标某一区域范围内(如:方圆10公里)的出租车目前位置坐标,并搜寻出自这些出租车目前位置驶抵乘客上车地点需经由的路段所形成的路径及各路段对应的平均速度(步骤S203)。 For when the taxi passengers, passengers can Taxi phone or a network provided by taxi fleet to a call request R transmitted to the vehicle traffic control center server 22 of the reception module 2 (step S202), the call R comprises a passenger vehicle to be requested to take place (or the vehicle location) information of position coordinates, thus sending module 23 then reads the current position coordinates of each taxi from the map database 21, and in order to achieve a better dispatch efficiency, and with the road map information in the capture location on the vehicle position coordinates of a region-wide (eg: a radius of 10 km) taxi current position coordinates, and search from the current position of the taxi passengers on the train arrived in the place to be and each link via the link path is formed corresponding to the average velocity (step S203).

接着派遣模块23将根据下列派遣法则一一计算出每一出租车相对于指定位置坐标的估计值(步骤S204): Then the eleven dispatch module 23 calculates the estimated value of each taxi (step S204) with respect to the coordinates of the specified position according to the following dispatch rules: 其中,A及B分别为一权重系数,坐标间距为指定位置坐标与出租车目前位置坐标间路径的距离,因此, Wherein, A and B each is a weighting factor, designated position coordinates of the spacing distance between the coordinates of the current position coordinates of the taxi route, therefore, 为各出租车由其目前位置行驶至指定位置所估计的到达时间。 For the taxi from its current location to the specified location with the estimated time of arrival. 需注意的是,由于本实施例是将各出租车的平均载客量列入估计值考量,因此可弭平出租车载客量不平均的问题。 It should be noted that, since the present embodiment is the average amount of each taxi passengers included an estimate of consideration, and therefore can not preempt the average taxi passenger capacity problems. 此外,A及B的权重系数可弹性地视出租车业者所需而自行定义其规模,例如若业者希望出租车能在较短时间内驶抵指定位置,则将调高A权重系数,反之,若业者希望能更平均地分配每位驾驶的载客量,则调高B权重系数。 In addition, weight coefficients A and B may be required depending on the elastically taxi industry and its own definition size, for example, if desired taxi industry in a relatively short period of time to sail to the position, the weighting factor A weight will increase, and vice versa, If the industry hopes to more evenly allocate the carrying capacity of each drive, then raised a B weight coefficient. 当然若业者完全不将平均载客量列入考量,则B值为0,派遣法是修正如下: Of course, if the industry does not fully into account the average passenger capacity, the B value is 0, Dispatch Law is amended as follows: 本实施例主要是应用于都市中,而都市路段大多是十字路或交叉路,因此坐标间距较佳为两地间垂直间距与水平间距的总和。 This embodiment is mainly applied to the city, and most urban road crossroads or crossroads, so the sum of the coordinates of the spacing between the two preferred vertical spacing and horizontal pitch.

请一并参阅图3,目前是有三台出租车行驶在邻近于指定位置坐标P的路段,其中,出租车T1的目前位置坐标t1与指定位置坐标P的路径为(X1+Y1),而其它出租车的目前位置坐标t2及t3与指定位置坐标P的路径则分别为(X2+Y2)与(X3+Y3)。 Referring to FIG. 3, there is currently a taxi with three adjacent to the specified position coordinate P sections, wherein the position coordinates of the current path to the specified position coordinate P t1 taxi T1 is (X1 + Y1), while the other taxi current path t2 and t3 and the position coordinates of the specified position coordinate P is respectively (X2 + Y2) and (X3 + Y3). 此外,行车控制中心服务器2是借由长期累计出租车所传来的位置坐标与GPS模块撷取坐标的时间点信息,以统计估算出各路段的平均速度,且平均速度亦可因应尖峰/离峰的不同路况差异,而于不同时段中估算出不同的平均速度,并储存于地图数据库21中。 Further, the vehicle control by means of the center server 2 is transmitted from the long-term cumulative taxi position coordinates of the GPS module to retrieve coordinates time point information to estimate statistics of each link average speed, average speed, and also in response to the peak / off different terrain differences peaks, and at different periods in different estimated average speed, and stored in the map database 21. 当然行车控制中心服务器2亦可结合导航系统的功能,以搜寻出各出租车从目前位置行驶到指定位置的最佳路径,且亦可根据不同路段而更精确地统计估算出不同的平均速度,例如建国高架桥的平均速度、及忠孝东路四段的平均速度等,使得地图数据库21的内容更贴近于实际车况。 Of course, traffic control center server 2 also functions in conjunction with the navigation system to search the optimum route from the current position of each taxi with the specified position, and also according to different sections of the statistics to estimate more accurately the different average speed, for example, the average speed of the founding of the viaduct, and Chung Hsiao East Road, Sec average speed, etc., so that the map database 21 of the content closer to the actual condition. 据此,派遣法则将可强化为: Accordingly, the law will be sent to strengthen: 其中,Si即为自出租车目前位置行驶至指定位置间所经由的各个路段,Vi则为对应于路段Si的平均速度,且 Where, Si is the current position of the taxi to travel from the link between the designated location of each via, it was corresponding to an average velocity Vi Si sections, and 为各路段总和。 The sum of each link. 如此一来,派遣法则将可更精确地考量各路段的平均速度,以确实掌握各出租车驶抵指定位置所需的到达时间;当然,上述估计值若欲考量出租车的平均载客量,亦可将派遣法则扩充为: In this way, the law will be sent to more accurately consider the average speed of each link, in order to really grasp each taxi to sail to the location of the desired arrival time; of course, above the average estimate of Ruoyu considerations taxi passenger capacity, the law also expanded to send:

于本实施例中,假设派遣模块23是算出各出租车的估计值由小至大依序为T1,T3,T2(步骤S205),由于估计值越小表示优先权越高,因此派遣模块23将把一派遣通知传送至出租车T1(步骤S206),以指派出租车T1的行驶至指定位置坐标P来载客。 In this embodiment, it is assumed dispatch module 23 calculates the estimated value of each taxi is by ascending order, is T1, T3, T2 (step S205), since the smaller the estimated value higher priority, so the dispatch module 23 We will send a notification to the taxi T1 (step S206), assigned to the taxi driving T1 to a specified position coordinate P for the passenger. 其中,派遣通知可借由显示于车载无线装置1的屏幕上、或透过语音方式来达成通知驾驶的目的;同理,驾驶亦可透过语音或按键选择来与行车控制中心服务器2作沟通。 Wherein sending the notification may be displayed on the screen by means of the vehicle-mounted wireless device 1, or by voice notification manner to achieve the purpose of driving; communication Similarly, the driver can select by voice or key to make the traffic control center server 2 . 且两者(或多台机动车辆间)透过无线网络进行沟通时,较佳是以加密方式传输,以提高资料保密性。 And both (or more inter-vehicle motor) when communicating over a wireless network, the preferred embodiment is encrypted transmission, to improve the confidentiality of information.

而在出租车T1的无线传输模块12接收到派遣通知后,可选择是否接受行车控制中心服务器2的指派(步骤S207),若无线传输模块12回复一接受讯息至行车控制中心服务器2,确认驾驶员愿意行驶至指定位置坐标P来载客(步骤S208);反之,若回复一拒绝讯息,表示驾驶员目前不愿意载客,可能是出租车T1目前已有乘客搭乘、驾驶员想稍作休息、或下班/换班时间已到等因素,则派遣模块23将自先前运算结果中,找出具有次小估计值的出租车(步骤S209),并将派遣通知传送至出租车(步骤S206),直到行车控制中心服务器2接到接受讯息为止;随后,行车控制中心服务器2将告知乘客已接受指派的出租车信息(步骤S210),例如到达时间、车牌号码、驾驶姓名等。 Taxi T1 in the wireless transmission module 12 receives the notification sending, choose whether to accept the assignment (Step S207) The drive control center server 2, if the wireless transmission module 12 receiving a reply message to the traffic control center server 2 to confirm the driver members willing to travel to the specified location coordinates of P to passengers (step S208); on the contrary, if the reply to a rejected message, indicating that the driver is currently unwilling passenger, T1 may be present, the passengers aboard the taxi driver wanted to take a break , or after work / shift time has come to factors such as the dispatch module 23 from the previous calculation results, find a taxi (step S209) has the second smallest estimate, and send notifications to taxi (step S206), until the traffic control center server 2 to accept the message so far; then, the traffic control center to inform the taxi information server 2 (step S210) have been accepted passengers assigned, for example the arrival time, license plate number, the name of the driver and the like.

为了使乘客的亲友能确实掌握乘坐出租车的动态,因此行车控制中心服务器2亦包括有一网页模块24,以在步骤S210中、将接受指派的出租车信息传送告知乘客的同时,一并传出由网页模块24所提供的网页信息,其用以显示此出租车的行进路线,以利乘客的亲友可透过网页显示讯息来掌握乘客是否安全抵达目的地,确保乘车安全性;当然结合有导航系统的行车控制中心服务器2亦可运算出出租车由目前位置行驶至指定位置的最佳路径或路况信息,并传输显示于该出租车的车载无线装置屏幕上。 In order to be able to understand exactly what relatives and friends of passengers of a taxi ride dynamics, so the traffic control center server 2 also includes a page module 24, in order to step S210, will receive taxi information transfer assigned to inform passengers at the same time, came together information from the web page provided by the module 24, which is used to display the route to this taxi for the benefit of relatives and friends of passengers through the pages can display a message to master if passengers arrive safely to ensure ride safety; of course bound the navigation system traffic control center server 2 also calculated from the current position of the taxi with the best path to the specified location or road information, and displayed on the transmission of taxi vehicle radio device screen.

此外,于本实施例中,派遣模块23是计算所有出租车的估计值,当然亦可仅计算目前为闲置状态(例如为未载客的空车状态)的出租车的估计值,以排除询问已载客出租车的载客意愿的可能性。 Further, in the present embodiment, the dispatch module 23 calculates an estimated value of all the taxi, of course, also be calculated only for the current idle state (e.g., the passenger is not empty state) estimate taxi, ask to exclude willingness to have the possibility of carrying passengers of the taxi. 如何判断出租车为闲置状态或忙碌状态的方法,可借由例如驾驶是否按下与行车控制中心服务器2联机的计费码表、或是否按下一状态键(可透过无线传输模块传回目前为闲置或忙碌状态)而得知。 How to determine the taxi is busy or idle state method, for example, the driver has pressed the billing code table and traffic control center by means of online server 2, or a mode key is depressed (which can be returned via a wireless transmission module currently idle or busy) learned.

请参阅图4,是本发明另一实施例的流程图,其大致与前述实施例中图2的步骤相同,只是在本实施例中,若出租车T1传回拒绝讯息表示不愿接受指派时,由于出租车T1和行车控制中心服务器2在沟通协调时,其它出租车的状态可能有所改变,例如原本载客的出租车刚好将乘客送至目的地且状态改为闲置状态、或原本为闲置状态的出租车在这段沟通时间内刚好载到乘客等,因此派遣模块23将撷取各出租车的更新状态(步骤S409),之后再根据派遣法则来计算出出租车的估计值(步骤S404),其余步骤则完全与图2相同,故不在此赘述。 Please refer to FIG. 4 is a flowchart of another embodiment of the present invention, which is substantially the same as in Step 2 of the foregoing embodiment of FIG., Only in the present embodiment, when the taxi T1 represents a rejection message returned when unwilling to accept the assignment Since T1 and taxi traffic control center server 2 at the time of communication and coordination, the status of other taxi may change, for example, had just passenger taxi passengers to their destination and status to an idle state, or originally taxi idle during this time to communicate to the occupant just like the carrier, so the fetch module 23 sending the update status of each taxi (step S409), after then calculated according to the taxi dispatch rule estimation value (step S404,), the remaining steps are exactly the same as FIG. 2, so this is not repeated here.

根据上述的说明,显示本发明所提出的行车自动派遣系统及方法是采用行车控制中心服务器来自动派遣机动车辆以完成调度,将可减少习知人为错误与浪费时间的情形;此外,所有机动车辆的位置皆可根据GPS模块所传回的坐标信息而受到确实掌控,加上各路段的平均速度,使得行车控制中心服务器可更精准地做出决策,实为一大进步。 According to the above description, the display driving proposed by the present invention an automatic dispatch system and method is the use of traffic control center server to automatically send a motor vehicle to complete the schedule, it will reduce conventional human error situations and time-consuming; moreover, all motor vehicles Jieke location coordinates based on the information returned by the GPS module been really in control, with an average speed of each road, making traffic control center server can more accurately make decisions, it is indeed a big step forward.

Claims (32)

1.一种行车自动派遣系统,包括:复数个车载无线装置,是分别装设于复数台机动车辆上,每一车载无线装置是包括:一无线传输模块;一全球定位模块,是撷取该机动车辆的目前位置坐标,并经由该无线传输模块传送出去;一行车控制中心服务器,其包括:一地图数据库,是储存该目前位置坐标、复数个路段信息、及每一路段所对应的平均速度;一接收模块,是接收一呼叫车辆请求,该呼叫车辆请求包括有一指定位置坐标,借以指派一机动车辆行驶至该指定位置坐标,该接收模块并能接收由该无线传输模块所传来的目前位置坐标;一派遣模块,是根据该目前位置坐标、该指定位置坐标搜寻该地图数据库中的路段信息,以分别获取自该目前位置驶抵该指定位置坐标的路径其包括至少一路段,再以一派遣法则分别依据该地图数据库所储存该路段的平 An automatic driving dispatch system comprising: a plurality of vehicle-mounted wireless device, a plurality of units are mounted on a motor vehicle, each vehicle is a wireless device comprising: a wireless transmission module; a global positioning module is the capture current position coordinates of the motor vehicle, and transmitted via the wireless transmission module; a traffic control center server, comprising: a map database, the current location coordinates are stored, a plurality of link information, and each segment corresponding to the average velocity ; a receiving module, receiving a call vehicle request, the call vehicle request comprises a designated position coordinates, so as to designate a motor vehicle to travel to the designated position coordinates of the receiving module and can be received by the wireless transmission module transmitted current position coordinates; a dispatch module, based on the current location coordinates, the position coordinates of the designated link information in the map database searches in order to obtain respectively the current location from the designated location coordinates arrived path which includes at least one segment, then a dispatch rules are based on the level of the road map database stored 速度,计算出该机动车辆对应于该指定位置坐标的估计值,并产生一派遣通知以传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆,以通知该机动车辆行驶至该指定位置坐标。 Speed, the motor vehicle is calculated corresponding to the specified position coordinate estimates, and generating a motor vehicle to transmit a notification to the sending having the minimum estimated value, to inform the motor vehicle to travel to the designated coordinate position.
2.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该派遣法则是: 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,坐标间距是该被计算路径的间距。 Wherein the pitch spacing of the coordinates calculated path.
3.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该派遣法则是: 3. The system of claim 1, wherein the dispatch rule is: 当中,该A及B分别为一权重系数,坐标间距是该被计算路径的间距,该平均使用量是该机动车辆的平均使用次数。 Among the A and B each is a weighting factor, pitch is the pitch of the coordinates calculated path, which is the average number of times the average amount of use of the motor vehicle.
4.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该派遣法则是: 4. The system of claim 1, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,Si为一路段,Vi为对应于该路段Si的平均速度, Wherein, Si is a link, the average speed Vi corresponding to the section of Si, 为该被计算路径的所有路段总和。 The sum of all sections are computed for the path.
5.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该派遣法则是: 5. The system according to claim 1, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,Si为一路段,Vi为对应于该路段Si的平均速度, Wherein, Si is a link, the average speed Vi corresponding to the section of Si, 为该被计算路径的所有路段总和,该平均使用量是该机动车辆的平均使用次数。 The sum of all sections are computed for the path, which is the average number of times the average amount of use of the motor vehicle.
6.根据权利要求3或5所述的系统,其中,该机动车辆是出租车,且该平均使用量是出租车的平均载客量。 6. The system according to claim 3 or claim 5, wherein the motor vehicle is a taxi, and the average amount is the average amount of taxi passengers.
7.根据权利要求2或3所述的系统,其中,该坐标间距是该路径的的水平间距和垂直间距总和。 7. A system according to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein the horizontal coordinate is the pitch spacing of the path and the sum of the vertical spacing.
8.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该行车控制中心服务器是利用该机动车辆所撷取的位置坐标及撷取该位置坐标的时间,以统计估算出每一路段的平均速度。 8. The system according to claim 1, wherein the traffic control center coordinates of the location server is to use the motor vehicle, and the captured time of the capture of the position coordinate, estimate the statistical average speed for each road segment.
9.根据权利要求8所述的系统,其中,每一路段是视不同的时段差异而估算出不同的平均速度。 9. A system according to claim 8, wherein each segment is different depending on the estimated time differences different average speeds.
10.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,当该具有最小估计值的机动车辆接收到该派遣通知后,该无线传输装置是可传回一接受讯息或一拒绝讯息至该行车控制中心服务器,以表示该机动车辆是否欲接受该派遣通知的指派以行驶至该指定位置坐标。 10. The system according to claim 1, wherein, when the motor vehicle has a minimum estimate of the received dispatch notification, the wireless transmission apparatus is receiving a return message or a reject message to the traffic control center server , to indicate whether the assignment by the motor vehicle to be dispatched to the notification to the designated position with coordinates.
11.根据权利要求10所述的系统,其中,若该无线传输装置是传回一拒绝讯息,则该派遣模块依该估计值由小至大依序传送该派遣通知传送至该机动车辆,直到其中一该无线传输装置传回接受讯息为止。 11. The system according to claim 10, wherein, if the wireless transmission means is a return REJECT message, the dispatch module according to the estimated value of the transmitted sequentially in an ascending send notification to the motor vehicle, until the wireless transmission apparatus wherein a return message up to accept.
12.根据权利要求11所述的系统,其中,该派遣模块是计算目前为一闲置状态的机动车辆对应的估计值,该闲置状态是表示该机动车辆目前可接受该行车控制中心的指派、或该机动车辆目前尚未执行任何业务。 12. The system of claim 11, wherein the dispatch module is to calculate the estimated value for the current idle state of a motor vehicle corresponding to the idle state of the motor vehicle is assigned to the currently accepted traffic control center, or the motor vehicle has yet to do any business.
13.根据权利要求10所述的系统,其中,若该无线传输装置是传回一拒绝讯息,则该派遣模块是重新计算该机动车辆对应的估计值,以将该派遣通知传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆。 13. The system according to claim 10, wherein, if the wireless transmission device a rejection message is returned, the sending module to recalculate the estimated value corresponding to the motor vehicle, to send the notification to have a minimum estimate value of the motor vehicle.
14.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该行车控制中心服务器是传出一指派车辆讯息以响应该呼叫车辆请求,该指派车辆讯息是具有接受指派而欲行驶至该指定位置坐标的机动车辆信息。 14. The system according to claim 1, wherein the vehicle control central server is assigned a vehicle outgoing message in response to the call request of the vehicle, the assignment message is a motor vehicle having a traveling and wish to assignment to the designated position coordinates Vehicle Information.
15.根据权利要求14所述的系统,其中,该行车控制中心服务器是包括有一网页模块,且该行车控制中心是将该网页模块信息并同该指派车辆讯息一并传出以响应该呼叫车辆请求,该网页模块是用以显示该接受指派的机动车辆的行进路线,该行进路线是撷取自该地图数据库中所对应的路段信息。 15. The system according to claim 14, wherein the traffic control center comprises a web server module, and the traffic control center is the module information page and message together with the assigned vehicle in response to the outgoing call of the vehicle request, the page display module is used to accept the assignment of the path of travel of a motor vehicle, the travel route is retrieved from the link information corresponding to the map database.
16.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该全球定位模块是定时撷取该机动车辆于当时的位置坐标。 16. The system according to claim 1, wherein the GPS module is a timing to retrieve the motor vehicle position coordinates at that time.
17.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该车载无线装置是一个人数字助理装置。 17. The system according to claim 1, wherein the vehicle radio device is a personal digital assistant.
18.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该无线传输模块是一整合封包无线电服务模块。 18. The system according to claim 1, wherein the wireless transmission module is a Packet Radio service module.
19.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其中,该无线传输模块是一全球行动通讯系统模块。 19. The system according to claim 1, wherein the wireless transmission module is a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System module.
20.一种行车自动派遣方法,包括下列步骤:接收并储存复数台机动车辆的目前位置坐标信息;接收一呼叫车辆请求,该呼叫车辆请求包括有一指定位置坐标;搜寻自该目前位置驶抵该指定位置所对应的路径其包括至少一路段;根据一以平均速度为一参数的派遣法则,分别计算出该路径的估计值;将一派遣通知传送至具有最小估计值的机动车辆,以通知该机动车辆行驶至该指定位置坐标。 20. A method of automatically sending traffic, comprising the steps of: receiving and storing a plurality of sets of coordinate information of current location of the motor vehicle; a vehicle receiving a call request, the call request including a specified vehicle location coordinates; arrived search from the current location of the specified position corresponding to a path which includes at least one link; the dispatch rule an average speed as a parameter, calculates the estimated value of the path; and a sending motor vehicle notification to having the minimum estimated value, to inform the motor vehicles to the designated coordinate position.
21.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其中,该派遣法则是: 21. The method of claim 20, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,坐标间距是该被计算路径的间距。 Wherein the pitch spacing of the coordinates calculated path.
22.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其中,该派遣法则是: 22. The method of claim 20, wherein the dispatch rule is: 当中,该A及B分别为一权重系数,该平均使用量是该机动车辆的平均使用次数,坐标间距是该被计算路径的间距。 Among the A and B each is a weighting factor, which is the average number of times the average amount of use of the motor vehicle, the coordinates of the calculated pitch is a pitch path.
23.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其中,该派遣法则是: 23. The method according to claim 20, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,Si为一路段,Vi为对应于该路段Si的平均速度, Wherein, Si is a link, the average speed Vi corresponding to the section of Si, 为该被计算路径的所有路段总和。 The sum of all sections are computed for the path.
24.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其中,该派遣法则是: 24. The method according to claim 20, wherein the dispatch rule is: 其中,Si为一路段,Vi为对应于该路段Si的平均速度, Wherein, Si is a link, the average speed Vi corresponding to the section of Si, 为该被计算路径的所有路段总和,该平均使用量是该机动车辆的平均使用次数。 The sum of all sections are computed for the path, which is the average number of times the average amount of use of the motor vehicle.
25.根据权利要求22或24所述的方法,其中,该机动车辆是出租车,且该平均使用量是出租车的平均载客量。 25. The method of claim 22 or claim 24, wherein the motor vehicle is a taxi, and the average amount is the average amount of taxi passengers.
26.根据权利要求21或22所述的系统,其中,该坐标间距是该路径的的水平间距和垂直间距总和。 26. The system of claim 21 or claim 22, wherein the horizontal coordinate is the pitch spacing of the path and the sum of the vertical spacing.
27.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其中,每一路段的平均速度是借由利用累计该机动车辆所撷取的位置坐标及撷取该位置坐标的时间而统计估算出来。 27. The method according to claim 20, wherein the average speed for each segment is integrated by means of using the position coordinates of the motor vehicle, and the captured time of the position coordinates and retrieve statistics estimated.
28.根据权利要求27所述的方法,其中,每一路段是视不同的时段差异而估算出不同的平均速度。 28. The method according to claim 27, wherein each segment is different depending on the estimated time differences different average speeds.
29.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其更包括下列步骤:接收该机动车辆传回的拒绝讯息,该拒绝讯息是表示该机动车辆拒绝接受该派遣通知的指派以行驶至该指定位置坐标;依估计值由小至大依序传送派遣通知至该机动车辆,直到接收到由该机动车辆传回的接受讯息为止。 29. The method of claim 20, further comprising the steps of: receiving the motor vehicle is returned rejection message, the rejection message indicating that the motor vehicle is rejected assigned to the notification sent to the designated position with coordinates; according to an estimate ascending sequence transmitted by sending notice to the motor vehicle, until it receives a return of the motor vehicle to accept the message so far.
30.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其是计算目前为一闲置状态的机动车辆对应的估计值,该闲置状态是表示该机动车辆目前可接受指派、或该机动车辆目前尚未执行任何业务。 30. The method according to claim 20, which is an estimated value of a calculated idle current corresponding to the motor vehicle, the idle state of the motor vehicle is currently accepted assignment, or the motor vehicle is not currently performing any operations.
31.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其更包括下列步骤:接收该机动车辆传回的拒绝讯息,该拒绝讯息是表示该机动车辆拒绝接受该派遣通知的指派以行驶至该指定位置坐标;排除回传该拒绝讯息的机动车辆;重新计算该机动车辆对应的估计值;传送该派遣通知至具有最小估计值的该机动车辆。 31. The method according to claim 20, further comprising the steps of: receiving the motor vehicle is returned rejection message, the rejection message indicating that the motor vehicle is rejected assigned to the notification sent to the designated position with coordinates; negative return of the reject message motor vehicle; recalculate the estimated value corresponding to the motor vehicle; transmitting the notification sent to the motor vehicle having a minimum estimate.
32.根据权利要求20所述的方法,其尚包括传出一指派车辆讯息以响应该呼叫车辆请求,该指派车辆讯息是具有接受指派而欲行驶至该指定位置坐标的机动车辆信息。 32. The method according to claim 20, which also include the outgoing message to a vehicle assigned to the vehicle in response to the call request, the assignment message is a vehicle having a motor vehicle and wish to assignment to the designated location with the coordinate information.
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