CN1292893C - Water resistant tongue and groove flooring - Google Patents

Water resistant tongue and groove flooring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1292893C
CN1292893C CNB02829727XA CN02829727A CN1292893C CN 1292893 C CN1292893 C CN 1292893C CN B02829727X A CNB02829727X A CN B02829727XA CN 02829727 A CN02829727 A CN 02829727A CN 1292893 C CN1292893 C CN 1292893C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
floor covering
surface
plate
barrier composition
barrier
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CNB02829727XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1684824A (en
Inventor
G·福勒
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肖氏工业集团公司
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Priority to PCT/US2002/025894 priority Critical patent/WO2004016422A1/en
Priority to US10/219,937 priority patent/US20040031225A1/en
Publication of CN1684824A publication Critical patent/CN1684824A/en
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Publication of CN1292893C publication Critical patent/CN1292893C/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/10Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/02Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form ; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • E04F2201/0115Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges with snap action of the edge connectors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/02Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04F2201/026Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections with rabbets, e.g. being stepped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/07Joining sheets or plates or panels with connections using a special adhesive material

Abstract

本发明提供一种新型地面覆盖板(10)和地面覆盖系统,其中地面覆盖板(10)包括总体平坦的第一和第二表面(11、12)、分别包含第一和第二互补接合件(20、22)的第一和第二侧端(13、14),以及选择性的施用于第一和第二接合件(20、22)中至少一个的至少一部分上的、用于提供防潮阻隔以阻止水渗透入地面覆盖板(10)越过第一表面(11)的阻隔组合物(60)。 The present invention provides a new floor covering plate (10) and a floor covering system, wherein the ground cover plate (10) comprises a generally planar first and second surfaces (11, 12), comprising first and second complementary engagement members (20, 22) of the first and second side ends (13, 14), and selectively applied to at least a portion of the first and second engagement members (20, 22) of at least one, for providing moisture a barrier to prevent the penetration of water into the ground cover plate (10) over the first surface (11) of the barrier composition (60). 阻隔组合物(60)可在地面覆盖板制造过程期间施用于第一或第二接合件(20、22)中至少一个上。 During the barrier composition (60) may cover the floor board manufacturing process is applied to the first or second engagement member (20, 22) on at least one.

Description

防水的榫槽接合式的地板 Waterproof floor-engaging tongue and groove

发明背景发明领域本发明总体涉及用于商业、工业或家居环境的地面覆盖板。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention generally relates to ground for commercial, industrial or home environment cover plate. 更具体地说,本发明涉及一种具有互补接合件(complementary couplingmember)、并有施用于地面覆盖板侧端(side edge)的阻隔组合物的地面覆盖板。 More particularly, the present invention relates to an engaging member having a complementary (complementary couplingmember), and applied to the floor covering plates have ground cover plate side end (side edge) of the barrier composition.

背景技术 Background technique

在地板材料的应用中,采用包括高压层压板以及纤维板芯层压板(fiberboard core laminate)在内的多种层压板在本技术领域中是广为人知的。 In the application of the floor material, the use of high pressure laminate comprising a core fiber and a platen (fiberboard core laminate) including a plurality of laminate in the present art is well known. 用于制造地板材料产品的纤维板芯层压板一般包括多个层,包括纤维板或有机复合材料芯层(core layer)、装饰层和硬且平的树脂浸渍的三聚氰胺保护性抗磨层。 Fiberboard core press plate for producing a flooring product generally comprises a plurality of layers, or an organic fiber composite material comprising a core layer (core layer), a decorative layer and a hard and flat protective melamine resin impregnated wear layer. 这些层式结构一般形成标准尺寸板,它们在安装地点连接到一起即形成地面覆盖系统。 These layered structures are formed generally standard size plates are connected together to form a floor covering system, i.e., at the installation site.

虽然这样的地板系统的最上层通常是由防水或不透水材料制造的,但是在组成地面覆盖系统的相邻地面覆盖板的接头处,地面覆盖系统可能易于受到水的破坏。 While such uppermost floor system is usually made from a waterproof or water-impermeable material, but in the adjacent floor covering consisting of floor covering system board joints, floor covering system may be susceptible to water damage. 相邻地板之间的配合(接缝)的微小缺陷可能使水或其它液体渗透入地板之间的接头处,结果导致单块地板的损坏、扭曲、加速磨损或配合情况恶化。 With (seam) between adjacent floor small defects may cause water or other liquid penetration into the joint between the floor, resulting in damage to the individual floor, twisted, accelerated wear or deterioration fit. 此外,清洁材料通常包含可能加速水渗透入接缝的表面活性剂。 Furthermore, the cleaning material may typically comprise a surfactant to accelerate the penetration of water into the seam. 因为组成地板内层的材料不可能完全防水,因此,这些层可能吸收水或其它液体致使损坏或产品寿命下降。 Since the floor material of the inner layer can not be completely waterproof, and therefore these layers may absorb water or other liquids, or cause damage to the product life decreases.

在实际的住宅以及商业建筑环境中,层压和木质地板材料经常自觉或不自觉地与液体接触。 In the actual construction of residential and commercial environments, laminate and wood flooring often consciously or unconsciously in contact with the liquid. 使用清洁剂溶液清洁地板可引起接缝处地板材料最高35%的膨胀。 A detergent solution to clean floors flooring seams can cause up to 35% expanded. 地板意外沾湿还可由洒水、动物或儿童的尿液造成。 Wet floor accident also caused by urine watering animals or children. 每种所述液体都具有比水低的表面张力,并且可能进入由两个地面覆盖板的配合形成的接缝中,从而引起膨胀。 Each of said liquid having a surface tension lower than water, and possibly entering the seam formed by the mating of two floor covering plate, thereby causing expansion.

制造商通常在地面覆盖板上施用基于石蜡的材料,旨在增强所述产品的防水性能。 Manufacturers typically cover plate applied on the ground-based paraffin material, designed to enhance the water resistance of the product. 然而,这类材料一般都不耐用,并且因此不能在地面覆盖系统使用寿命期间提供良好的防水性能。 However, these materials are generally not durable, and therefore can not provide good water resistance on the ground covered during the life of the system. 此外,例如当反复在地面覆盖材料上使用清洁剂时,或低表面张力物质洒到地板上时,此类材料也不能提供足够的阻隔。 Further, for example when the cleaner is repeatedly used on the ground covering material, or a low-surface tension substance is spilled on the floor, such materials can not provide sufficient barrier.

因此,在行业中存在对具有坚固可靠且防水及防其它液体的接头的地面覆盖板和地面覆盖板系统的需求。 Thus, there is a need for ground cover plate having robust and reliable water and other liquid anti-ground joint and a cover plate system in the industry. 此外,存在对提供耐久防水阻隔作用的地面覆盖板和地面覆盖系统的需求。 Further, there is provided a durable waterproof barrier effect and a floor covering plate floor covering system requirements.

发明内容 SUMMARY

依据本发明,如同在本说明书中体现和描述的,本发明在一方面涉及地面覆盖板。 According to the present invention, as embodied and described in this specification, the present invention relates to an aspect of the floor covering plate. 在这一方面中,本发明包括总体平坦的第一表面和与第一表面相对的总体平坦的第二表面。 In this aspect, the present invention comprises a second generally planar first surface and a second surface opposite the generally planar surface. 在第一和第二表面之间分别是第一侧端和与之相对的第二侧端。 Between the first and second side surfaces are first and second opposite end side end. 板的第一侧端内是第一接合件,它包括由其伸出的凸起以及在凸起和第一表面之间的第一接头表面(abutmentsurface)。 A first end plate side is a first engagement member, which comprises a projection therefrom and between the projections and the first surface of the first joint surface (abutmentsurface) projecting. 互补的第二接合件限定于板的第二侧端,并且包括尺寸和形状适合容纳第一凸起的凹陷(recess),和在凹陷和第一表面之间的第二接头表面。 Complementary second engaging member defining a second side of the plate end, and including the size and shape of the recess adapted to receive a first projection (Recess), and a second joint surface between the recess and the first surface. 阻隔组合物可以选择性地施用于第一和第二接头表面中至少一个的至少一部分上。 Barrier composition can be selectively applied to at least a portion of the first and second surface of at least one joint.

使用时,第一板的第一接合件容纳到第二板的第二接合件中,以使阻隔组合物处于两个板各自的第一和第二接头表面之间。 In use, a first engagement member receiving the first plate to the second plate of the second engaging member, so that the barrier composition is between the two plates of the respective first and second joint surfaces. 从而在施用阻隔组合物的两个接合件之间形成了防水阻隔。 Whereby engagement between the two members forming the barrier composition is administered a waterproof barrier. 多个板可通过这种方式连接到一起以形成地面覆盖系统。 A plurality of plates may be connected together to form a floor covering system in this way.

具体来说,在地面覆盖材料制造过程的某一阶段,可以将阻隔组合物施用于第一或第二接头表面中的至少一个上。 Specifically, in a certain stage floor covering material manufacturing process, the barrier composition can be applied to at least one of the first or second joint surface. 在另一个方面中,可以将阻隔组合物施用于第一和第二接头表面中一个或两个的整个表面上。 In another aspect, the barrier composition may be applied to the first and second joint surface of one or two of the entire surface. 更进一步地,阻隔组合物提供防水阻隔,很大程度上减少了在正常使用条件下水或其他液体渗透入两个互相配合的地面覆盖板的接缝中的可能性。 Still further, the barrier composition provides a water barrier, greatly reduces the likelihood of the seams in conditions of normal use water or other liquids to penetrate into the floor covering two mutually mating plate of.

本发明的其它优点将部分阐述于以下说明中,并且部分可从说明中领会到,或从本发明的实践中领会到。 Other advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the following description, and in part will be appreciated from the description, or learned by practice of the invention. 本发明的优点可由所附权利要求中具体指出的要素和组合实现和获得。 Advantages of the invention can be particularly pointed out in the appended claims is realized and attained by the elements and combinations. 应予以理解的是,前述总体说明和以下详细说明仅是示例性和说明性的,并不对要求保护的本发明进行限制。 It will be appreciated that the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not of the claimed invention be limited.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是连接到一起以形成地面覆盖板系统的多个地面覆盖板的俯视图。 1 is connected together to form a plurality of ground plan view of the cover plate covering the floor panel system.

图2是本发明的地面覆盖板的实施方案的截面侧视图。 2 is a sectional side view of an embodiment of the floor covering plate of the present invention.

图3是图2的一对地面覆盖板的部分截面侧视图,具体表示出了第一接合件连接于第二接合件。 3 is a partial cross-sectional side view of a ground cover plate of FIG. 2, in particular, shows the first engagement member connected to the second engagement member.

图4是用于测试本发明的地面覆盖板的防水性能的测试器具的示意图。 FIG 4 is a schematic diagram for the test appliance waterproof floor covering panel testing the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明更具体地描述于以下仅拟用于示例的实施例中,这是由于多种修改和变化对本领域技术人员来说可以是显然的。 The present invention is more particularly described in the following embodiment is only intended to be used in the exemplary embodiment, since numerous modifications and variations of the present skilled in the art may be apparent. 在说明书和权利要求中,一、一个、该可以代表一个或多个,这取决于它的使用场合。 In the specification and claims, a, a, which may represent one or more, depending upon its use applications. 现参考附图来描述本发明的多个方面,其中在所有附图中同一数字代表同一部件。 Referring now to the drawings to describe various aspects of the invention, in which drawings the same numerals represent the same components.

参考图1和2,在一个实施方案中,本发明是一个地面覆盖板10。 1 and 2, in one embodiment, the present invention is a floor covering plate 10. 板10包括总体平坦的第一表面11和与第一表面11相对的总体平坦的第二表面12。 Plate 10 includes a generally planar first surface and a second surface 1111 opposite the second generally planar surface 12. 延伸于表面11、12之间的分别是第一侧端13和与之相对的第二侧端14,每个都沿地面覆盖板的长度延伸。 Extending between surfaces 11, 12 are first end 13 side and a second side opposed end 14, each of which extends over the length of the plate along the ground. 限定于第一侧端13中的是第一接合件20,它包括由其延伸出的凸起21。 Defined in the first side end 13 is a first engagement member 20, which includes a protrusion 21 extending therefrom. 第一接合件20还包括在凸起21和第一表面11之间的第一接头表面50。 The first engaging member 20 further comprises a first joint surface 50 between the projections 21 and the first surface 11. 第二侧端14包括限定于其中的互补的第二接合件22,第二接合件22包括尺寸和形状适合容纳第二个地面覆盖板凸起21的凹陷(recess)23。 A second side end 14 includes a complementary therein defining member 22, the second engaging member 22 comprises a second sized and shaped for receiving the second engaging surface 21 of the cover plate projection recess (recess) 23. 第二接合件22还包括在凹陷23和第一表面11之间的第二接头表面52。 The second engaging member 22 further comprises a recess 23 and a second joint surface 11 between the first surface 52. 以下更详尽描述的阻隔组合物60根据需要,选择性地施用于第一或第二接头表面50、52中至少一个的至少一部分上。 The barrier composition 60 described in more detail according to need, is selectively applied to at least a portion of the first or second joint surface 50, 52 of at least one. 多个地面覆盖板可以连接到一起以形成如图1所示的地面覆盖系统15。 A plurality of ground cover plate may be connected together to form a floor covering system as shown in FIG. 151.

本发明包括行业上已知的或可以在未来开发的多种结构的地面覆盖板。 The present invention includes known in the industry or in the ground plate may cover various structures developed in the future. 例如,地面覆盖板可由具有纤维板芯的层压材料制造。 Material e.g., a floor covering plate may be a laminate having a fiber core. 另外,本发明可以由其它类型的层压板构成,例如以商品名“Formica”和“Wilson Art”在市场上销售的高压层压板。 Further, the present invention may be formed by other types of laminates, for example, high pressure laminate tradename "Formica" and "Wilson Art" sold in the market. 其它材料也可用于构成地板,例如天然有机材料、再生或合成材料。 Other materials may also be used to construct the floor, an organic material such as natural, regenerated or synthetic material. 更进一步,地面覆盖板可以是榫槽接合式的木质地板材料(tongue and groove wooden flooringmaterial),例如由Armstrong Flooring公司(Lancaster,PA)的分公司Bruce Hardwood Floors制造的此类产品。 Still further, the cover plate may be a ground-engaging tongue and groove wood flooring (tongue and groove wooden flooringmaterial), for example, such products manufactured by Armstrong Flooring Corporation (Lancaster, PA) is a division of Bruce Hardwood Floors. 更进一步,本发明适用于任何地板材料基材,只要该基材可得益于形成如在此详述的非可重复固定结合(non-refastenable bond)。 Still further, the present invention is applicable to any flooring material of the substrate, the substrate may benefit from long formed as fixed non-repeatable detailed herein bind (non-refastenable bond).

参考图2,典型的层压地板由多个分离的层构成,其中可以包括一些或所有以下层:底层16、芯层17、装饰层18以及抗磨层19。 Referring to Figure 2, a typical laminate floor separated by a plurality of layers, which may include some or all of the following layers: the bottom layer 16, core layer 17, a decorative layer 18 and the anti-friction layer 19. 各层可通过化学粘合剂、机械连接或用于形成板的本领域已知的其它方法相互粘结、连接或接合起来。 Other layers may in the art by chemical adhesives, mechanical connections or plate for forming another known bonded, attached or joined together. 在包括上述每一层的实施方案中,如图2所示,总体平坦的第一表面11通常是抗磨层19的上表面,而总体平坦的第二表面12通常由底层16的下表面构成,如图2所示。 In each layer comprising the above-described embodiment, shown in Figure 2, a generally flat first surface 11 is generally the upper surface of the wear layer 19, a generally flat second surface 12 is generally constituted by the lower surface of the bottom layer 16 ,as shown in picture 2. 安装好板10后,底层16面向下层的底层地面(subfloor)(未示出)。 After installing the plate 10, facing bottom layer 16 underlying the lower surface (subfloor) (not shown).

虽然底层16不是必须的,而是可以选择使用的,但是它可以为地板10提供增强的防潮性能,因为芯层17一般不是完全不受湿气或污染物的侵扰。 While underlayer 16 is not necessary, but may be selected for use, the floor 10 but it may provide enhanced performance to moisture, since the core 17 is generally not completely free from intrusion of moisture or contaminants. 另外,底层16可通过提高无涂层芯材料的总厚度并减少弯曲和磨损趋势,来增强地板10的结构完整性。 Further, the bottom layer 16 by increasing the total thickness of the uncoated core material and to reduce bending and wear trends, to enhance the structural integrity of the floor 10. 例如,底层16的结构可以包括用氧化铝(AlO2)增强并以适合的热固性树脂浸渍的三聚氰胺透明片材。 For example, the underlying structure 16 may comprise reinforcing alumina (AlO2) and is impregnated with a suitable thermosetting resin is a melamine transparent sheet. 在其它实施方案中,底层16可由提供适当的防潮性能的其它材料构成,例如由酚醛树脂或其它天然、合成或再生材料构成。 In other embodiments, other materials, the bottom layer 16 may be provided by suitable configuration of moisture resistance, for example, a phenolic resin or other natural, synthetic or regenerated material.

典型的层压地面覆盖板的下一层是芯层17。 The next layer is typically a laminate floor covering plate 17 is a core layer. 在一个实施方案中,芯层17可以由中密度或高密度纤维板形成,例如由多家公司,诸如Louisiana Pacific、Georgia Pacific、Temple Inland和Weyerhauser在市场上销售的此类产品。 In one embodiment, the core layer 17 may be a middle-density or high density fiberboard is formed, for example, such products by several companies, such as Louisiana Pacific, Georgia Pacific, Temple Inland in Weyerhauser and marketed. 被发现产生可以接受的效果的一种纤维板芯材料是一种高密度纤维板,它是一种以900-960kg/m3压缩的硬木/软木纤维复合物。 One kind of fiber core material is found to produce acceptable results is a high density fiberboard, which is a kind of 900-960kg / m3 compression hardwood / softwood fiber composite. 该纤维板芯材料通常是4或5英尺宽(1.22-1.52米),长度可以达到最高18英尺(5.49米)。 The fiber core material is typically 4 or 5 feet wide (1.22-1.52 meters), you can reach lengths up to 18 feet (5.49 meters). 在其它实施方案中,可采用由不同材料构成或具有不同性能的芯层17,包括但不限于其它基于木材的产品,例如胶合板、刨花板或碎料板(particleboard)。 In other embodiments, or it can be formed of different materials having different properties of the core layer 17, include but are not limited to other wood-based products, such as plywood, particle board or chipboard (particleboard).

在一个实施方案中,装饰层18包含基本覆盖芯层17的上表面的纸片。 In one embodiment, the decorative layer 18 comprises substantially covering the upper surface of the core layer 17 of paper sheet. 装饰层18可视一侧显示预期的美学外观,例如颜色或花样。 The decorative layer 18 side of the display the desired visual aesthetic appearance, such as color or pattern. 例如,一些考虑的花样包括仿硬木地板以及仿瓷砖,每一种都有多种款式、形状和颜色。 For example, some patterns contemplated include imitation imitation hardwood floors and tiles, each with a variety of styles, shapes and colors. 目前考虑的仿硬木款式包括松树、美国长叶松、樱桃树、枫树、榉树、橡树和胡桃树。 Currently considered imitation hardwood models, including pine, the United States longleaf pine, cherry, maple, beech, oak and walnut. 仿瓷砖外观预期有多种款式,包括多种大理石和瓷砖颜色,包括瓷砖款式上的泥浆线(grout line)。 Imitation expected appearance of a variety of styles tile, marble and tile includes a plurality of colors, comprising grout lines (grout line) on tile style. 其它考虑的花样包括花朵花样、抽象图案、几何图案以及公司标志。 Other patterns contemplated include flowers pattern, abstract patterns, geometric patterns and company logo. 其它花样可由制造商或使用者根据其美学喜好或设计目标来选择。 Other patterns may be manufacturer or user to select according to their preferences or aesthetic design goals.

装饰层18可用热固性树脂浸渍并有所需的美学颜色和/或花样的纸制成。 18 may be a thermosetting resin impregnated decorative layer and with a desired aesthetic color and / or pattern of the paper. 其它材料也可以组成装饰层18,例如实木薄板、石粉或其它材料。 Other materials may also consist of decorative layer 18, for example thin wood, stone or other material. 另外,也可以通过采用直接或间接的在芯层17的上表面印刷的方法来获得类似的装饰性外观。 Further, by direct or indirect method on the surface of the core layer 17 to obtain similar printed decorative appearance. 在这样的实施方案申,装饰层18包含施用于芯层17的墨水、染料、颜料或其它标记物质。 In such an embodiment the application, is applied to the decorative layer 18 containing inks, dyes, pigments or other marking substance core 17. 或者,装饰性外观可由蚀刻、灼烧或其它标记芯层17的上表面的方法提供。 Alternatively, the method of surface decorative appearance by etching, burning, or other indicia of the core layer 17 is provided. 在芯层17上表面提供此类装饰性外观的任何此类处理都被认为构成在此限定的装饰层18。 On the core layer 17 to provide any such surface treatment such decorative appearance it is considered to constitute a decorative layer 18 defined herein. 或者,装饰性外观可以直接赋予抗磨层19的上表面,这样在地板10中就不再需要装饰层18。 Alternatively, decorative appearance can be imparted directly on the surface of the wear layer 19, so that the floor 10 of the decorative layer 18 is no longer necessary.

抗磨层19可以粘结、连接或接合到装饰层18以保护板不受外部环境侵害。 Anti-friction layer 19 may be bonded, attached or joined to the decorative layer 18 from the external environment to protect against the plate. 在一个实施方案中,抗磨层19基本上是透明的,以使装饰层18的美学外观不被抗磨层19阻挡。 In one embodiment, the anti-friction layer 19 is substantially transparent, so that the aesthetic appearance of the decorative layer 18 is a barrier layer 19 is not wear. 虽然抗磨层19不是必须的,而是可以选择使用的,但是地板10的防磨损性能、防止装饰层18的美学图像沾污或退色的性能可以总体由在地面覆盖板10上提供抗磨层19来增强。 Although the anti-friction layer 19 is not essential, but may be selected for use, but the floor 10 of the anti-wear properties, the decoration layer 18 to prevent the aesthetic image or contamination by the overall performance can be faded in the floor covering plate 10 provided on the wear-resistant layer 19 enhanced. 抗磨层19可包含以AlO2增强并以热固性树脂浸渍的三聚氰胺片。 19 may include a wear layer to enhance and AlO2 thermosetting melamine resin impregnated sheet. 或者,抗磨层可以包含清漆层或其它可由UV固化的防划涂层。 Alternatively, the wear layer may comprise a varnish or other layer may be a UV curable scratch coating. 此外,抗磨层19可由任何提供适当抗潮湿性能以及耐受地板所经受的载荷和磨损的材料制成,例如由酚醛树脂或其它天然、合成或再生材料制成。 Further, the anti-friction layer 19 may be formed to provide adequate moisture resistance and resistant flooring is subjected to loads and wear made of any material, for example made of a phenolic resin or other natural, synthetic or regenerated material.

如图1和3所示,本发明的接合件20和22为将相邻的两个地面覆盖板10a、10b连接到一起提供了一种方法。 As shown in FIG. 1 and 3, the engagement member 20 of the present invention and 22 to two adjacent floor covering plates 10a, 10b are connected together to provide a method. 用于连接相邻板的该方法的一个示例实例阐述于Moriau等人的美国专利第6,006,486号(现通过引用将其全部纳入本申请)。 U.S. Patent No. 6,006,486 One example method for connecting the adjacent sheets in the Examples set forth Moriau et al., (Now in its entirety by reference into the present application).

在图2和3所展示的实施方案中,板10的第一端面13包括第一接合件20。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 and 3, the first end surface 10 of the plate 13 comprises a first engaging member 20. 第一接合件20包括凸起21,其具有形成于其下方的突肋30。 The first engaging member 20 comprises a projection 21 having ribs 30 formed thereon below. 在第二端面14上,第二接合件22包括上唇33、下唇31以及形成于下唇31中的凹槽(detent)32。 On the second end surface 14, the second engaging member 22 includes a lip 33 and lower lip 31 is formed in the groove (detent) 32 of the lower lip 31. 凹陷23的尺寸和形状适合接收凸起21,而凹槽32的尺寸和形状适合接收突肋30。 The recess 23 is sized and shaped for receiving the projection 21, and the size and shape of the recess 32 is adapted to receive the rib 30. 在本实施方案中,凹槽32和突肋30代表了一个锁定结构,这将在以下更详细地讨论。 In the present embodiment, grooves 32 and ribs 30 represents a locking structure which will be discussed in more detail below.

参考图2和3,地面覆盖板10a与相邻的地面覆盖板10b的接合通过将板10a的第一接合件20放入板10b的第二接合件22而获得。 Ground cover plate 10b engages with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, the adjacent floor covering plate 10a is obtained by the first engaging member 10b of the plate 20 into the plate 10a of the second engaging member 22. 在示例实施方案中,将板10a的凸起21的顶端以高于水平方向的角度插入板10b的凹陷23中,然后顺时针旋转板10a直到板10a和板10b基本上如图所示的那样处于同一水平平面内。 In an exemplary embodiment, the projection 10a of the top plate 21 at an angle above the horizontal plate 10b is inserted into the recess 23, and then rotated clockwise until the plate 10a plates 10a and 10b is substantially as shown in FIG. It is in the same horizontal plane.

在示例实施方案中,如图3所示,两板10a、10b的互补接合件20、22之间的接触位于四个接触区域中。 In an exemplary embodiment, as shown in Figure 3, the contact between the two plates 20, 22 is complementary 10a, 10b engage contact areas located four. 板10a的凸起21与板10b的上唇33和下唇31分别接触于接触区域40和41。 Plate 10a are in contact with the protrusion 2131 of the upper lip 33 and lower lip 10b in the contact regions 40 and 41. 接触区域40和41有助于将板定位在基本上同一水平平面内。 Contact region 40 and the plate 41 contribute substantially positioned within the same horizontal plane. 板10a的突肋30(图2)与板10b的凹槽32接合于接触区域42。 Groove ribs 30 (FIG. 2) and the plate 10a to plate 10b engages the contact region 32 is 42. 在该实施方案中,接触区域42基本上是平的;然而,任何接触区域可依预期轮廓线(profile)而形成任何形状。 In this embodiment, the contact regions 42 are substantially planar; however, any contact region expected to follow the contour (Profile) is formed in any shape. 当从第二表面12沿逆时针方向到接触区域42的平面测量角度时,由基本平坦的接触区域42和基本平坦的第二表面12之间形成的角是锐角。 When the second surface 12 from the counterclockwise direction to measure the angle of the plane of the contact region 42, the angle formed by the second surface 42 substantially planar and substantially flat contact region 12 is formed between the acute angle. 该构型保证接触区域42上相邻板10a、10b之间的接触力促使板在一起并促成紧密连接。 The configuration of the adjacent plate 42 to ensure that the contact areas 10a, 10b causes the contact force between the plates together and facilitate a tight connection. 由板10a的突肋30和板10b的凹槽32限定的该锁定结构防止两板10a和10b在垂直于板10a、10b的侧端13、14并平行于各自的第一表面11的方向上实质性分离。 Defined by the ribs 30 and the plate 32 grooves 10a plates 10b of the locking structure prevents the two plates 10a and 10b directions 10a, 10b of the side ends 13, 14 and parallel to the respective first surface 11 is perpendicular to the plate substantial separation. 另一接触区域43处于图3展示的实施方案中,邻近每个板的第一表面11,位于板10a的第一接头表面50和板10b的第二接头表面52之间的接合处。 Another embodiment of the contact region 43 is illustrated in FIG. 3, adjacent to the first surface of each plate 11, the engagement between the second surface 52 of the first joint surface of the joint 50 and plate 10a to plate 10b.

应注意到的是,地面覆盖板10可制造成多种形状和大小,通常包括正方形、长方形以及其它多边形实施方案。 It should be noted that the floor covering plate 10 may be manufactured in a variety of shapes and sizes, including generally square, rectangular, and other polygonal embodiments. 在正方形和长方形的情况下,每个板有四个侧端。 In the case of square and rectangular, each plate has four side end. 因此,根据本发明,每个板10可以包括两个第一侧端13,和两个相对的第二侧端14,每个侧端在板10的上下表面11、12之间延伸。 Thus, according to the present invention, each panel 10 may include two first side end 13, and two opposite second side end 14, extending between the ends of each side plate 10 of the upper and lower surfaces 11, 12.

还应注意到的是,示于图2和3的实施方案仅出于说明的目的,并且本发明还可同等地应用于其它工业上已知的或可能在未来开发的接合轮廓线(coupling profile)。 It should also be noted that, shown in Figures 2 and 3 embodiments are merely for illustrative purposes, and the present invention is also equally applicable to other known or may be industrial (coupling profile in the joining contour developed in the future ). 在其它实施方案中,接触区域的数量、大小和位置可以随所需轮廓线而变化,但不同轮廓线仍然落入本发明的范围。 In other embodiments, the contact area of ​​the number, size and location may vary depending on the desired contour, but still fall within the scope of the different contours of the present invention. 例如,无锁定结构的榫槽轮廓线受益于本发明并落入本发明的范围。 For example, the locking tongue and groove configuration of the contour lines without the benefit of the present invention and fall within the scope of the invention. 再例如,其中沿板的整个配合侧端维持基本上完全接触的榫槽轮廓线也被认为在本发明的范围内。 As another example, where the mating-side end along the entire plate is maintained substantially full contact tongue and groove contour lines it is also considered within the scope of the present invention.

阻隔组合物60可以选择性地,在任何所需位置并且以任何所需数量,采用对本领域普通技术人员来说已知的多种方法中的一种在工厂预先施用于地面覆盖板上。 Barrier composition 60 may be selectively, at any desired position and in any desired quantity using those of ordinary skill in the art for a variety of methods known in the plant previously applied to the floor covering plate. 在一个示例实施例中,阻隔组合物可通过喷涂方式施用于所需位置。 In one exemplary embodiment, the barrier composition may be applied by spraying to a desired position. 根据本发明,可将阻隔组合物60根据需要选择性地施用于第一或第二接头表面50、52中的至少一个的至少一部分上,例如接触区域40-43。 According to the present invention, the barrier composition is selectively applied according to need 60 to at least a portion of the first or second joint surface 50, 52 of at least one, for example, the contact region 40-43. 更进一步,可将阻隔组合物60选择性地施用于第一接头表面50的至少一部分上。 Still further, the barrier composition 60 may be selectively applied to at least a portion of the first surface 50 of the joint. 再进一步,可将阻隔组合物60选择性地施用于第二接头表面52的至少一部分上。 Still further, the barrier composition 60 may be selectively applied to at least a portion of the second surface 52 of the joint. 在另一方面,可将阻隔组合物60选择性地同时施用于第一和第二接头表面50、52的至少一部分,根据需要,所施用的部分可以是相互对应的,或者是互不关连的。 In another aspect, the barrier 60 may be selectively applied to the composition simultaneously, and at least a portion of a first surface of a second joint 50, 52, if necessary, may be administered portion correspond to each other, or of unrelated to .

在图2和3所示的实施方案中,在对应于接触区域43的位置上,可将阻隔组合物60选择性地仅施用于基本上全部第一接头表面50上。 In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, at positions corresponding to the contact area 43, the barrier composition 60 may be selectively applied to only the surface 50 substantially all of the first joint. “选择性地施用”的意思是阻隔组合物60仅施用于应用需要的区域内,阻隔组合物60不施用于除了所选择并需要的区域之外的相邻区域或任何其它区域。 "Selectively administered" means the barrier composition is applied only in the region 60 for the desired applications, the barrier 60 is not applied to the composition in addition to the selected and desired region other than the adjacent region or any other region.

当相邻板10a、10b如图3所示组装到一起时,阻隔组合物60在第一和第二接头表面50、52之间形成了防潮阻隔,这样基本上防止了水和其它液体沿相邻板10a、10b的第一表面11渗透过防潮阻隔。 When the adjacent plates 10a, 10b shown in FIG. 3 assembled together, the barrier composition 60 between the first and second joint surfaces 50, 52 form a moisture barrier, which substantially prevents water and other liquids along with o plates 10a, 10b of the first surface permeate through the moisture barrier 11. 在另一个实施方案中,在对应于接触区域43的位置上,可将阻隔组合物60选择性的仅施用于基本上全部第二接头表面52上。 In another embodiment, at positions corresponding to the contact region 43, 60 may be a selective barrier composition is applied to substantially only the entire upper surface 52 of the second joint. 在另一实施方案中,在对应于接触区域43的位置上,可将阻隔组合物60选择性地施用于基本上全部第一和第二接头表面50上。 In another embodiment, in a position corresponding to the contact region 43, 60 may be selectively barrier composition applied on substantially all of the first surface 50 and the second joint.

在其它实施方案中,可将阻隔组合物60施用于接合件50、52中的一个或两个的某些部分或全部。 In other embodiments, the barrier composition may be applied to a 60 or some or all portions of two engaging members 50, 52. 如上所述,在多种实施方案中,阻隔组合物60可选择性的仅施用于第一接头表面50的位置上。 As described above, in various embodiments, a barrier composition 60 is selectively applied only to a first position 50 on the joint surface. 或者,阻隔组合物60可选择性的仅施用于第二接头表面52的位置上。 Alternatively, the barrier composition 60 is selectively applied to only a position on the second joint surface 52. 在另一实施方案中,阻隔组合物60可选择性的施用于第一接头表面50和第二接头表面52的位置上。 In another embodiment, the barrier composition 60 is selectively applied to the joint position of the first surface 50 and a second surface 52 of the joint.

在另一实施方案中,根据需要,可将阻隔组合物60施用于基本上全部第一侧端13上、第二侧端14上或二者全部。 In another embodiment, if necessary, the barrier composition may be applied to substantially all of the first 60 end 13 side, a second side end 14, or both all.

如同已知的那样,多种方法可以用于将阻隔组合物60施用于地面覆盖板10上。 As is known, various methods may be used for the barrier composition 60 is applied to the cover plate 10 on the ground. 在第一方面,可采用真空涂布方法。 In a first aspect, the vacuum coating method may be employed. 在该方面,将地面覆盖板通过机器使阻隔组合物在压力下施用于地面覆盖板各自的侧端的一侧。 In this aspect, the floor covering plate making by the machine at a pressure barrier composition applied to one side of the respective side end plate for a floor covering. 在板的侧端的相对一侧施加真空以从地面覆盖板去除多余的阻隔组合物。 Applying a vacuum to the opposite side ends of the side plates to cover the floor plate to remove the excess from the barrier composition. 将多余的阻隔组合物返回到容器以再利用。 The excess barrier composition is returned to the container for reuse. 采用该真空涂刷方法可通过调节压力/真空比率的方式,准确地在地面覆盖板上施用阻隔组合物。 With this vacuum priming method by adjusting the ratio of the pressure of the vacuum info / accurately administered in the floor covering plate barrier composition.

可用于将阻隔组合物施加到地面覆盖板的另一方法是采用辊压涂层施用器(roll coat applicator)。 The barrier composition can be used in another method is applied to the floor covering plate is the use of a coating applicator roll (roll coat applicator). 在该方法中,制作多个大直径辊筒以配合地面覆盖板上的待涂刷区域。 In this method, a plurality of large-diameter rolls produced to be painted with a floor covering plate area. 阻隔组合物可以由带有从储藏器中提供的阻隔组合物的传递辊筒(transfer roller)施用于地面覆盖板上。 Barrier composition may be made with a transfer roller supplied from the barrier composition of the reservoir (transfer roller) is applied to the floor covering plate. 通过调整施用参数,可以准确地控制阻隔组合物的施用。 By adjusting the application parameters, can be accurately controlled administration of the barrier composition.

将阻隔组合物施用于地面覆盖板表面的另一方法由采用多喷头施用器(multi-spray head applicator)来获得。 The barrier composition is applied to the surface of the cover plate ground Another method to obtain a multi-applicator head (multi-spray head applicator). 该方法可以准确且精确地将阻隔组合物量施用到地板轮廓线。 The method can accurately and precisely the amount of the barrier composition applied to the floor contour. 在该方法中,多喷头施用器可配以多个喷嘴并定位以将阻隔组合物喷涂到地面覆盖板的侧端的所选部分上。 In this method, a multi-jet applicator can be accompanied by a plurality of nozzles, and positioned to the barrier composition is sprayed onto the selected portion of the ground side end of the cover plate. 喷涂施用器可以以高频脉冲方式将阻隔组合物施用于地面覆盖板的所需位置,其中脉冲作用还可辅助保持喷头清洁。 Spray administration may be pulsed at a high frequency manner barrier composition to the desired position of the floor covering plate, wherein the pulsed further assist in maintaining the cleaning nozzle. 阻隔组合物由从供应容器吸取组合物的常规泵系统供应到喷头。 Conventional barrier composition supplied by a pump system to draw the composition into the container from the supply nozzle. 该喷涂施用系统对本领域技术人员是已知的,而且喷涂施用器由包括Spraymation公司(Ft.Lauderdale,FL)在内的制造商售卖。 The spray application system are known to the skilled person, and spray applicator comprises a Spraymation sold by the manufacturer company (Ft.Lauderdale, FL), including.

根据本发明,可以采用施用阻隔组合物的其它方法,包括施用阻隔组合物的其它现有方法,并包括未来开发的施用阻隔组合物的方法。 According to the present invention, other methods of administration barrier composition comprising other conventional barrier method of administration of the compositions, and methods comprising administering a composition of the barrier developed in the future.

施用于地面覆盖材料的阻隔组合物量并不是关键的,只要能提供所需的防水阻隔性能即可。 The amount barrier composition applied to the floor covering is not critical, as long as required to provide barrier properties to water. 总的来说,每8”×48”(0.20×1.22米)板上约0.1、0.5、1.0、2.0或5.0克的组合物即可在成品地面覆盖材料上提供所需的防水阻隔质量。 In general, each 8 "× 48" (0.20 × 1.22 m) panel of about 0.1,0.5,1.0,2.0 or 5.0 g of composition can be provided on the finished floor covering material the desired water barrier quality.

这里所使用的“阻隔组合物”的意思是包含活性成分,以及任何溶剂或稀释剂和其它成分的组合物,所述活性成分是指提供主要阻隔性能的化学材料。 As used herein, "barrier composition" is meant comprising the active ingredient, and the composition of any solvent or diluent and other ingredients, the active ingredient refers to provide the main barrier properties of chemical materials. 在一方面,将阻隔组合物选择性地施用于地面覆盖板,活性成分可以是适合用于为表面提供防水或防油性能的任何材料。 In one aspect, the barrier composition is selectively applied to the floor covering plate, the active ingredient may be any material suitable for providing a water or oil repellent surface. 为这个目的,以下非穷举的材料列表中的材料都可用作阻隔组合物的活性成分:含氟化学品、硬脂酸金属盐、油、石蜡、丙烯酸脂(胶乳)聚合物或有机硅聚合物。 For this purpose, the following non-exhaustive list of materials used as barrier materials in the composition an active ingredient: fluorochemical, metal stearate, oil, paraffin, acrylic resin (latex) or a silicone polymer polymer. 在另一方面,阻隔组合物的活性成分不包括石蜡。 In another aspect, the active ingredient of the barrier composition does not include paraffins. 再另一方面,阻隔组合物不包括合成异构链烷烃。 In yet another aspect, the barrier composition does not include synthetic isoparaffins. 更进一步,阻隔组合物的活性成分基本上由含氟化学品组成。 Still further, the barrier composition of an active ingredient consisting essentially of a fluorochemical.

本领域一般技术人员会知道,包含一种或多种此处所公开的活性成分的阻隔组合物的施用将导致地面覆盖板表面的可湿润性降低。 Those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that administration comprising the active ingredient disclosed herein, one or more barrier composition will result in a floor covering can be reduced wettability of the plate surface. 由于地面覆盖板的可湿润性较低,因而水或其它破坏性材料迁移通过一对配合好的地面覆盖板的接缝的可能性就会降低。 Since the ground cover plate lower wettability, and thus the migration of water or other destructive material is lowered by a pair of seams with a good possibility of a floor covering plate. 所述防水阻隔性能十分重要,这样才能使地面覆盖材料应用于通常接触到水的地点,例如浴室、厨房和其它区域。 The water barrier properties are important in order to make the floor covering material applied to the water is typically contacted locations, such as the bathroom, kitchen and other areas.

依据本发明,已发现通过将阻隔组合物定位于一对配合好的、组成地面覆盖系统的地面覆盖板垂直侧端的上部,可以获得持久而有效的防水阻隔或防水性能。 According to the present invention, it has been found by the barrier composition is positioned in a pair of mating good, a floor covering consisting of an upper portion of the vertical side of the end plate of the floor covering systems, can achieve lasting and effective waterproofing barrier or waterproof. 该阻隔组合物的选择性施用在现有技术中不是已知的。 The barrier composition is selectively applied in the prior art are not known.

在一方面,施用于地面覆盖板的阻隔组合物包含作为活性成分的含氟化学品。 In one aspect, a floor covering is applied to the plate barrier composition comprising as active ingredient a fluorochemical. 适合的含氟化学品是那些已应用于为纺织物及其它材料提供防水性能的物质。 Suitable fluorine-containing chemicals are those that have been applied to provide water resistance to textile and other materials. 这些材料对本领域的一般技术人员来说是人所共知的。 These materials are of ordinary skill in the art is well known. 适用于为纺织材料提供防污染或防油性能的任何含氟化学品都可用于本发明。 Adapted to provide a pollution or oil repellency of fluorochemical textile material may be used in any of the present invention.

含氟化学品可以包括不拘品牌的含氟聚合物。 The fluorine-containing polymer include fluorine-containing chemicals can informal brand. 适合的含氟化学品纺织材料处理试剂包括,但不限于,市售含氟化学品组合物。 Suitable fluorochemical textile treating agent materials include, but are not limited to, the commercially available fluorochemical compositions. 市售含氟化学品在此可用于本发明的,例如3M公司(St.Paul,MN)的产品SCOTCHGUARD FC255、SCOTCHGUARD FC214-230,和DuPont(EIDuPontde Nemours Corp.,Wilmington,DE)的TEFLON、TEFLON8070以及TEFLON8787和Zonyl8412。 Commercially available fluorochemicals can be used in this invention, for example, 3M Company (St.Paul, MN) Product SCOTCHGUARD FC255, SCOTCHGUARD FC214-230, and DuPont (EIDuPontde Nemours Corp., Wilmington, DE) of TEFLON, TEFLON8070 and TEFLON8787 and Zonyl8412. 其它适合的含氟化学品化合物包括:3M特种化学品分公司的FX1367F和FX1355、DuPont Flooring System的NRD-372、Advanced Polymers,Inc.(Carlstadt,NJ)的TG-232D以及Hoechst Celanese(慕尼黑,德国)的Nuva3555。 Other suitable fluorochemical compounds include:. 3M Specialty Chemicals branch FX1367F and FX1355, DuPont Flooring System of NRD-372, Advanced Polymers, Inc (Carlstadt, NJ) and TG-232D of Hoechst Celanese (Munich, Germany ) of Nuva3555. 从这些或其它制造商获得的其它类似含氟化学品也可适用。 Other similar fluorochemical obtained from these and other manufacturers are also applicable.

在本发明的一方面,阻隔组合物不包括有机溶剂。 In one aspect of the present invention, the barrier composition does not comprise an organic solvent. 更进一步,阻隔组合物的活性成分的稀释剂包括水,或者从另一方面来说,基本上由水组成。 Still further, the barrier of the active ingredient composition diluents include water, or on the other hand, consists essentially of water. 再进一步,阻隔组合物包括活性成分在水中的乳浊液或分散液。 Still further, the barrier composition comprising an active ingredient in water emulsion or dispersion. 在另一方面,阻隔组合物是基本上非可燃的,并且在不使用防爆和防火设备的情况下即可用于工业环境。 In the other hand, the barrier composition is a substantially non-combustible, and without the use of fire and explosion device can be used in industrial environments.

具体来说,为了获得耐久的阻隔组合物,使用聚合物材料用作活性成分可能比较理想。 Specifically, in order to obtain a durable barrier composition, a polymer material is used as an active ingredient which may be desirable. 适合聚合物的非穷举的例子包括有机硅聚合物、丙烯酸脂(胶乳)聚合物和含氟聚合物。 Non-exhaustive examples of suitable polymers include silicone polymers, acrylate (latex) polymers and fluoropolymers. 所述材料通常具有较高的分子量,因此可以使得阻隔组合物在地面覆盖板上的沉积更耐久。 The materials generally have a higher molecular weight, such that the barrier composition can be in the floor covering plate deposited more durable. 在其它方面,阻隔组合物提供一种处理,使得地面覆盖板的耐久性至少约6个月、或至少约1年、或至少约5年、或至少约7年、或至少约12年、或是地面覆盖板的整个使用寿命。 In other aspects, the barrier composition to provide a process, so that the durability of the floor covering plate is at least about 6 months, or at least about 1 year or at least about 5 years, or at least about 7 years, or at least about 12 years, or the entire service life of the floor covering plate.

在本发明的一个适当方面,阻隔组合物包含氟化烷基丙烯酸酯共聚物。 In one suitable aspect of the invention, the barrier composition comprising a fluorinated alkyl acrylate copolymer. 氟烷基丙烯酸酯聚合物可形成乳浊液。 Fluoroalkyl acrylate polymer emulsion can be formed. 用于本发明的阻隔组合物的该乳浊液的具体例子是Unidyne TG-572和TG-472(Daikin America,Signal Mtn.,TN)。 Specific examples of the barrier composition of the present invention, the emulsion is Unidyne TG-572 and TG-472 (Daikin America, Signal Mtn., TN). 据信TG-472包含约30重量%(重量百分比)的氟烷基丙烯酸酯共聚物和乳化剂、约5.4%的三丙二醇,剩余组分包含水。 TG-472 is believed to comprise about 30 wt% (weight percent) fluoroalkyl acrylate copolymer and an emulsifier, about 5.4% of tripropylene glycol, the remaining components comprising water. 据信TG-572的成分是类似的。 It is believed component TG-572 are similar.

阻隔组合物可包含大约100重量%的这样的组合物:该组合物包括由供应商提供的原样的,也就是说是未经稀释的活性成分。 Barrier composition may comprise about 100% by weight of such compositions: the composition comprises as provided by the supplier, that is undiluted active ingredient. 由供应商提供的组合物可包含任何量的活性成分。 Provided by the supplier composition may comprise any amount of the active ingredient. 然而,所述组合物一般以水或其它溶剂中的防水阻隔化合物的溶液或分散液的形式提供。 However, the composition is typically water or other solvents waterproof barrier in the form of a solution or dispersion of compounds are provided. 现认为,由供应商提供的阻隔化合物的浓度并不重要,只要能够达到适当的稀释度以提供适用于本发明的阻隔组合物就可以了。 It is considered, the concentration of the compound of the barrier provided by the supplier is not important, so long as the proper dilution can be achieved to provide a suitable barrier composition of the present invention it. 或者,在地面覆盖板上使用之前可以稀释所提供的组合物。 Alternatively, the provided compositions can be diluted prior to use of the floor covering plate. 任何适合的溶剂都可用于稀释,但对于活性成分的工业应用来说,水产生的环境影响较小。 Any suitable solvent can be used diluted, but the industrial application of the active ingredient, the water produced less environmental impact. 因而,阻隔组合物可以包括水作为主要溶剂。 Thus, the barrier composition may comprise water as a main solvent.

在某些方面,阻隔组合物的活性成分可以是可交联的。 In certain aspects, a barrier composition of the active ingredient may be cross-linked. “可交联”的意思是活性成分可以与自身反应或缩合以得到最终产品,所述产品的分子量至少是非交联活性成分的约1.5倍、或约2倍、或约3倍。 "Crosslinkable" means that the active ingredients may be or condensation reaction with itself to give the final product, the molecular weight of the product is at least about 1.5 times the non-crosslinked active ingredient, or about 2 fold, or about 3-fold. 活性成分还可以是与第二种成分可交联的,例如三聚氰胺/甲醛树脂。 Active ingredient may also be crosslinked with a second component may be, for example, a melamine / formaldehyde resins.

活性成分可以是在将阻隔组合物施用到地面覆盖板以后,通过向阻隔组合物施加能量时可交联。 The active ingredient may be in a barrier composition applied to the surface after the cover plate, the energy is applied through the barrier composition may be crosslinked. 能量可由热、红外灯或微波能量提供。 Thermal energy may be infrared light or microwave energy is provided. 还可通过在阻隔组合物中引入交联剂来使活性成分可交联。 The active ingredient may also be introduced by the crosslinking agent in the barrier composition may be crosslinked. 在其它方面,当结束加热时,活性材料是充分交联的,然而,可认识到的是,随着时间的增加,可能发生一些额外的交联。 In other aspects, when the end of the heating, the active material is sufficiently cross-linked, however, it is appreciated that, as time increases, some additional crosslinking may occur.

阻隔组合物中活性成分的最终量可在广阔范围内变化。 The final amount of the barrier composition of the active ingredient may be varied over a wide range. 具体来说,阻隔组合物中活性成分量(指的是水性阻隔化学物质)可以是阻隔组合物的约1、2、5、10、15、20、25、30、40或50重量%,其中任何值都可以是上下限。 Specifically, the barrier composition in an amount of active ingredient (that is an aqueous chemical barrier) may be a barrier composition, or from about 50 wt% 1,2,5,10,15,20,25,30,40, wherein any value can be upper and lower limits. 阻隔组合物中的剩余材料可以主要是水,以及少量的其它材料。 Barrier composition of the remaining material may be primarily water and small amounts of other materials.

阻隔组合物可以包括对本领域一般技术人员来说已知的添加剂。 Barrier composition may comprise those of ordinary skill in known additives. 具体来说,阻隔组合物可以包括以下物质中的一种或多种:表面活性剂、粘度改性剂、防腐剂、表面张力改性剂或遮光剂。 Specifically, the barrier composition may include one or more substances: surfactants, viscosity modifiers, preservatives, surface tension modifying agents or opacifiers.

如同本领域一般技术人员认识到的,活性材料的任何稀释度很大程度上依赖由制造商提供的组合物中活性成分的类型和数量。 As those of ordinary skill in the art recognize that any dilution of the active material depends largely on the type and amount of the composition provided by the manufacturer of the active ingredient.

本发明重要的一方面是,阻隔组合物为地面覆盖板或地面覆盖系统提供了耐久的防水性能或阻隔处理。 Important aspect of the present invention, the barrier composition is a floor covering or floor covering plate system provides a durable barrier or waterproof treatment. 在此用到的“耐久的”的意思是阻隔组合物提供的处理将大幅降低水或其它液体渗透入两个配合地面覆盖板的接缝的可能性。 Used herein, "durable" is meant that the barrier treatment composition to substantially reduce the penetration of water or other liquid into the two joints with possibility of the floor covering plate. 阻隔组合物提供的防水性持续的时间将会是基于石蜡的组合物的至少两倍。 Duration barrier composition will provide water repellency is at least twice as paraffin based composition. 更进一步,本发明的阻隔组合物应减少渗透入上接缝(top seam)水量的1/2或3/4,即使水包含少量的表面活性剂,也就是百分之一重量或更少的水。 Still further, the barrier composition of the present invention should reduce the penetration into the seam (top seam) 1/2 or 3/4 of the water, even if water containing a small amount of a surfactant, which is one percent or less by weight water. 所述减少应持续至少约10、或约20、或约40、或约100个正常擦拭循环,其中“擦拭循环”代表在正常居住使用期间,地面覆盖系统将会经历的清洁。 The reduction should be at least about 10, or about 20, or about 40, or about 100 normal wiping cycle, wherein the "wipe cycle" represents the residence during normal use, will experience the floor covering of the cleaning system. 再进一步,本发明的阻隔组合物为每周一次的正常擦拭循环提供耐久防水性能约1年、或约2年、或约5年、或约7年、或约12年、或约等于具体的地面覆盖板系统的正常使用寿命。 Still further, the barrier composition of the present invention to provide a normal wiping cycle weekly durable waterproof about 1 year, or from about 2 years, or from about 5 years, or from about 7 years, or about 12 years, or about equal to the specific normal life of the floor covering plate system.

此外,已发现可以将其它材料与所述阻隔组合物一起施用到地面覆盖板上。 Further, it has been found that other materials may be administered with the barrier composition to the floor covering plate. 具体来说,例如,向榫槽接合地板材料施用防水组合物的现有方法依赖于一种向榫槽轮廓线施用防水组合物的一般和非特定的方法。 Specifically, for example, a tongue and groove engagement to conventional methods flooring waterproof composition administered is dependent on the general and non-specific method for administering a composition to waterproof the tongue and groove contour. 所述一般、非特定的施用方法可能阻碍之后施用其它材料,例如粘合剂,因为防水组合物可阻碍粘合剂(或其它材料)对槽轮廓线上的榫表面的耐久粘结。 The general, after the non-specific method of administration may hinder the administration of other materials, such as adhesives, waterproof composition may be hindered since the adhesive (or other material) on the tongue and lasting bonding surface of the groove of the contour line. 在某些情况下,期望拥有一种不只具有防水性能,而且也可以施用粘合剂的地面覆盖板。 In some cases, desirable to have more than one kind of water-resistant and pressure-sensitive adhesive may be applied to the floor covering plate.

依据该目的,本发明还可与涉及向地面覆盖板选择性施用粘合剂组合物的发明一起使用。 According to this object, the present invention also relates to the floor covering plate selectively administering the inventive adhesive composition is used together. 涉及所述粘合剂的发明描述于与本申请同时提交的美国专利申请(代理人卷号19133.0026U1),其公开内容通过引用的方式全文纳入本申请。 The invention relates to pressure-sensitive adhesive is described in U.S. Patent Application (Attorney Docket No. 19133.0026U1) filed concurrently with the present application, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference in the present application.

向地面覆盖板施用阻隔组合物之后,可以加热以从阻隔组合物去除溶剂并/或提供活性成分的交联,也就是固化。 After the barrier composition is administered to the floor covering plate, it can be heated to remove the solvent from the barrier composition and / or to provide cross-linking of the active ingredient, i.e. curing. 在其它方面,可以将阻隔组合物干燥约5秒钟、约10秒钟、约30秒钟、约1分钟、约3分钟、约5分钟、约10分钟、或约20分钟,其中可以任何值组成上下限。 In other aspects, the barrier composition can be dried for about 5 seconds, about 10 seconds, about 30 seconds, about 1 minute, about 3 minutes, about 5 minutes, about 10 minutes, or about 20 minutes, where any value can be composed of upper and lower limits. 应用于干燥和/或交联活性成分的温度可以是从约100F(37.8℃)、约120F(48.89℃)、约140F(60℃)、约160F(711.1℃)、约180F(82.2℃)、约200F(93.3℃)、或约220F(104.4℃),其中任何值都可组成上下限。 Applied to drying and / or crosslinking temperature of the active ingredient may be from about 100F (37.8 ℃), from about 120F (48.89 ℃), from about 140F (60 ℃), about 160F (711.1 ℃), about 180F (82.2 ℃), about 200F (93.3 ℃), or from about 220F (104.4 ℃), where any value can be composed of upper and lower limits. 在某些方面,将地面覆盖板加热到至少约180F(82.2℃)至少10秒钟是重要的。 In certain aspects, the ground cover plate is heated to at least about 180F (82.2 ℃) is important for at least 10 seconds.

阻隔组合物可以包括对本领域一般技术人员来说已知的添加剂。 Barrier composition may comprise those of ordinary skill in known additives. 具体来说,阻隔组合物可以包括以下物质中的一种或多种:表面活性剂、粘度改性剂、防腐剂、表面张力改性剂或遮光剂。 Specifically, the barrier composition may include one or more substances: surfactants, viscosity modifiers, preservatives, surface tension modifying agents or opacifiers.

当仅期望地面覆盖板是防水的而不是,例如,在工厂预施粘合剂的,诸如在共同未决的专利申请(代理人卷号19133.0026U1)中公开和要求保护的,可以将阻隔组合物施用到地面覆盖板的整个轮廓线以为板提供特别完整的防水性能,例如上表面和下表面都具有防水性能。 When only the desired floor covering plate is not waterproof, e.g., factory pre applied adhesive, such as disclosed and claimed in co-pending patent application (Attorney Docket No. 19133.0026U1) of the barrier may be combined was applied to the entire surface of the cover plate contour panel that provides complete waterproofing special properties, such as the upper and lower surfaces have waterproof performance. 在所述方面中,交联的聚合物形成本发明的阻隔组合物的活性成分,可以将阻隔组合物施用于第一或第二接头的整个部分。 In the aspect, the crosslinked polymer barrier composition forming the active ingredient of the present invention, the barrier composition is applied to the entire portion of the first or second joint.

在所述方面中,阻隔组合物的活性成分必须是可交联的,或换一种说法,当地面覆盖板装配好用于商业或住宅设施时它已交联。 In the aspect, the barrier composition of the active ingredient must be cross-linked, or put another way, when the ground cover plate assembled for commercial or residential facilities it has been crosslinked. 依据本发明的该方面,可交联材料可以是有机硅聚合物、丙烯酸酯聚合物或含氟聚合物。 According to this aspect of the present invention, the crosslinkable material may be a silicone polymer, a fluoropolymer or acrylate polymer. 如果是含氟聚合物,可交联材料可以是如本说明书其它地方描述的氟化丙烯酸酯聚合物。 If the fluorine-containing polymer, a crosslinkable material may be a fluorinated acrylate polymers such as described elsewhere in this specification.

实施例以下发表的实施例是为了向本领域一般技术人员提供在此要求保护的设备和组合物是如何被制造和评价的完整的公开和说明,并且仅拟作为本发明的示例而不拟限制发明人视作发明的范围。 EXAMPLES The following embodiment is made to provide devices claimed herein and compositions to those of ordinary skill in the art how to be a complete disclosure and description of the manufacture and evaluation, and only intended as an example of the present invention and are not intended to limit the regarded as the inventor of the scope of the invention. 虽已做出努力以保证数字的精确性(例如,数量、温度等),但应考虑一些误差和偏差。 Despite the efforts to ensure that digital accuracy (e.g., amounts, temperature, etc.) but some errors and deviations should be considered. 除非以其它方式指明,份数为重量份数,温度单位是F(℃)或环境温度,并且压力是大气压或接近大气压。 Unless indicated otherwise, parts are parts by weight, the temperature unit is F (℃) or ambient temperature, and pressure is at or near atmospheric.

接缝渗透和膨胀测试装置:1.管道用油泥2.数字卡尺3.带有Red dye40的2%的液体清洁剂溶液Ivory(与H2O相比很低的表面张力)(非常苛刻的测试)4.10ml有刻度的量筒5.平且水平的表面6.具有刀片的锯用以切割层压板接缝测试的步骤(图4)1.沿板的长度方向标记12英寸,切割后作为测试的试样。 Expansion joints and penetration testing device: a digital calipers pipes sludge 2. 3.2% solution of Ivory liquid cleaning agent with the Red dye40 (compared with the very low surface tension H2O) (very demanding test) 4.10 ml the steps (FIG. 4) graduated cylinder 5. 6. the flat horizontal surface having a saw blade for cutting a laminate of a seam testing. marks 12 inches along the length direction of the plate, after cutting a sample test .

2.在槽一侧的上唇边缘标记三个间隔1.5英寸、直径两英寸的环R。 2. In the upper lip side edge of the slot three marks spaced 1.5 inches, two inches in diameter ring R.

3.在每个环R内做出三个间隔半英寸的标记。 3. The three marks made in half-inch intervals each ring R.

4.使用数字卡尺测量板在每个标记上的厚度。 4. The digital caliper measurement plate thickness on each tag.

5.将两板210a、210b连接到一起并切割试样使其分开。 5. The two plates 210a, 210b are connected together and to the samples are cut to separate them.

6.让试样在平坦且水平的地点静置所需的时间。 6. Let the time required for the sample was allowed to stand on a flat and horizontal location.

7.在每组标记周围放置环R状的管道用油泥。 7. Place shaped ring R around each labeled with a sludge conduit.

8.连接板后的预期时刻,向每个环R倒入10ml红色清洁剂溶液S,然后使试样在平坦且水平的位置无干扰的静置直到所有溶液已穿过连接点J或蒸发掉。 8. The expected timing after the connecting plate, the cleaning solution was poured into 10ml red S to each ring R, then the sample on a flat horizontal position to stand undisturbed until all the solution has passed through the junction J or evaporated . 清洁剂溶液包含2%的液体Ivory或液体Ajax洗碗清洁剂以及添加的少量的真实的食品色素。 Ivory liquid or liquid Ajax detergent solution containing 2% of dishwashing detergent and add a small amount of real food coloring.

9.将两板分离并再测量同一标记地点。 9. The two plates were separated and then measuring the same place marker. 并且观察红色染料溶液已渗透入接头多深。 And red dye solution was observed to have penetrated the joint deep. 使用spraymation喷头。 Use spraymation head. 约1g或更少的25%的TG472或571/75%的水组合物。 1g of about 25% or less of TG472 or 571/75% water composition. 8”×48(0.20×1.22米)”的层压地面覆盖材料。 8 "× 48 (0.20 × 1.22 m)" laminate floor covering material. 阻隔组合物施用于地点50/52。 Barrier composition applied to the location 50/52.

接缝渗透和膨胀4小时% 72小时%B 仅Flexipel XPC(对比) 9.96 2.98D Unidyne TG-571 16.70 4.31E Unidyne TG-472 1.84 0.87G 原始对比例(对比) 24.45 23.68H 石蜡对比例(对比) 30.66 25.63I 竞争的地面覆盖材料(对比,相信是 21.17 21.49用石蜡处理的)Flexipel XPC(Innovative Chemical Technologie,Cartersville,GA)是一种合成烃(97-98%)和全氟化的聚合物(2-3%)。 Penetration and expansion joints 4 hours 72 hours%% B only Flexipel XPC (Comparative) 9.96 2.98D Unidyne TG-571 16.70 4.31E Unidyne TG-472 1.84 0.87G original 24.45 23.68H Paraffin Comparative Example (comparative) Comparative Example (comparative) 30.66 25.63I competition floor covering material (contrast, is believed to be treated with a paraffin 21.17 21.49) polymer Flexipel XPC (Innovative Chemical Technologie, Cartersville, GA) is a synthetic hydrocarbon (97-98%) and perfluorinated ( 2-3%). Unidyne571和472是氟化丙烯酸酯聚合物乳浊液。 Unidyne571 and 472 are fluorinated acrylate polymer emulsion. 将其施用到地面覆盖板之后,在180F(82.2℃)处理地面覆盖板10-30秒钟。 After applying it to the floor covering plate, at 180F (82.2 ℃) treated ground cover plate 10-30 seconds.

在使用以上指出的液体后,以地板材料厚度改变的百分比(%)来测量接缝渗透和膨胀。 After using the above noted liquids, flooring materials as a percentage change in thickness (%) to measure penetration and expansion joints.

根据上述结果,显然,与其它测试的材料相比,氟化丙烯酸酯聚合物提供了显著的增强防水阻隔作用。 From the above results, it is clear, as compared to other materials tested, fluorinated acrylate polymers provide significant enhancement of the waterproof barrier effect.

对本领域技术人员来说显然的是,在不脱离本发明范围或主旨的情况下,本发明可作出多种调整和改变。 Those skilled in the art to be apparent that, without departing from the scope or spirit of the present invention, the present invention can make various changes and adjustments. 通过考虑在此公开的本发明的说明书并实施发明,本发明的其它实施方案对本领域技术人员来说是显然的。 Consideration of the specification of the present invention disclosed herein and embodiments of the invention, other embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art. 本发明的说明书和实施例拟被视作仅为示例,本发明真正的范围和主旨由以下权利要求指出。 Description of the invention and examples are intended to be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope of the present invention is indicated by the following claims and spirit of the claims.

Claims (18)

1.一种地面覆盖板,包括:a)总体平坦的第一表面,b)总体平坦的第二表面,c)第一侧端以及相对的第二侧端,每个侧端都分别在所述第一和第二表面之间延伸,d)限定于板的第一侧端的第一接合件,其包含由其伸出的凸起和在凸起和第一表面之间的第一接头表面,e)限定于板的第二侧端的第二接合件,其包括尺寸和形状适合接收所述凸起的凹陷,还包括位于凹陷和第一表面之间的第二接头表面,以及f)在工厂即选择性地预施用的阻隔组合物,其中所述组合物施用于第一接头表面和第二接头表面中至少一个的至少一部分。 1. A floor covering panel, comprising: a) a first generally planar surface, b) a second generally planar surface, c) a first side and an opposite end of the second side end, respectively at each lateral end of the extending between said first and second surfaces, d) a first engaging member defining a first end of the side plate comprising a first joint surface and its projections extending between the first surface and the projections , e) defining a second engaging plate to a second side end member which is sized and shaped including a recess adapted to receive said projections further comprises a second joint surface between the recess and the first surface, and f) factory of selectively pre-applied barrier composition, wherein said composition is applied to at least a portion of at least one surface and a second surface of the first joint connector.
2.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于还分别包含所述地面覆盖板的第一和第二板,其中第一板的第一接合件接收到第二板的第二接合件,并且第一板的第一接头表面的至少一部分与第二板的第二接头表面的至少一部分相接触,其中阻隔组合物位于所述第一接头表面和所述第二接头表面之间并建立防止湿气渗透入地面覆盖板、越过第一表面的相对阻隔。 2. The floor covering panel of claim 1, further characterized in that each of said floor covering comprising first and second plates of the plate, wherein the first engagement member of the first plate receiving a second engagement member of the second plate, and a first joint surface of the first plate at least a portion of at least a portion of contact with the second joint surface of the second plate, wherein the barrier composition is located between the wet and to prevent the establishment of a first joint surface and said second joint surface gas permeable cover plate into the ground, over the opposite surface of the first barrier.
3.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物沿基本上全部第一接头表面施用。 3. The floor covering panel of claim 1, wherein the barrier composition substantially along the entire joint surface of the first administration.
4.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物沿基本上全部第二接头表面施用。 4. The floor covering panel of claim 1, wherein substantially all of the barrier composition along the second joint surface of administration.
5.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物沿基本上全部第一接头表面和沿基本上全部第二接头表面施用。 5. The floor covering panel of claim 1, wherein substantially all of the barrier composition in a first joint surface and a joint surface along substantially all of the second administration.
6.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物选择性地施用于与上表面相邻的第一接头表面的一部分。 6. The floor covering panel of claim 1, wherein the barrier composition is selectively applied to a portion adjacent to the joint surface of the first surface.
7.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物选择性地施用于与上表面相邻的第二接头表面的一部分。 7. The floor covering panel of claim 1, wherein the barrier composition is selectively applied to a portion adjacent to the upper surface of the second joint surface.
8.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物选择性地施用于与上表面相邻的第一接头表面的一部分和与上表面相邻的第二接头表面的一部分。 Ground cover sheet of claim 1, wherein the barrier composition is selectively applied to a portion of the upper surface and adjacent to the second surface adjacent to the joint surface of the first joint surface.
9.权利要求1的地面覆盖板,其特征在于阻隔组合物包括一种活性成分,该活性成分包括含氟化学品、硬脂酸金属盐、油、蜡、丙烯酸酯聚合物或有机硅聚合物中的一种或多种。 9. The floor covering panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the barrier composition comprising an active ingredient, the active ingredient comprises a fluorochemical, metal stearate, oil, wax, acrylate polymer or a silicone polymer of one or more.
10.权利要求9的地面覆盖板,其特征在于活性成分是可交联的。 10. The floor covering panel according to claim 9, characterized in that the active ingredient is crosslinkable.
11.权利要求9的地面覆盖板,其特征在于活性成分包括含氟化学品。 11. The floor covering panel according to claim 9, characterized in that the active ingredient comprises a fluorochemical.
12.权利要求11的地面覆盖板,其特征在于含氟化学品包括含氟聚合物。 12. The floor covering panel according to claim 11, wherein the fluorochemical comprises a fluoropolymer.
13.权利要求12的地面覆盖板,其特征在于含氟聚合物包括氟化丙烯酸酯聚合物。 13. The floor covering panel according to claim 12, characterized in that the fluoropolymer comprises fluorinated acrylate polymers.
14.一种适合配合第二地面覆盖板的地面覆盖板,其中地面覆盖板具有施用于限定榫槽轮廓线区域的至少一部分的可交联含氟聚合物,从而当聚合物至少部分交联并且地面覆盖板与至少一个第二地面覆盖板配合时,提供耐久的防水阻隔。 14. A second mating surface adapted cover plate ground cover plate, wherein the floor covering plate having a crosslinked fluorine-containing polymer is applied to the tongue and groove defining a contour of at least a portion of the region, such that when the at least partially crosslinked polymer and ground cover plate with at least one cover plate with the second ground, providing a durable waterproof barrier.
15.权利要求14的地面覆盖板,其特征在于可交联的聚合物施用于轮廓线的垂直侧端,其中侧端包括地面覆盖板的上部侧端(upperedge)。 Claim 15. The surface 14 of the cover plate, wherein the crosslinkable polymer is applied to the vertical side end of the contour, which includes an upper-side end plate side end of the ground cover (upperedge).
16.权利要求14的地面覆盖板,其特征在于地面覆盖板与第二地面覆盖板配合,从而提供地面覆盖系统,其中系统包括至少一个位于系统上表面的接缝。 16. The floor covering panel according to claim 14, characterized in that the floor covering plate and the second plate with the floor covering, so as to provide a floor covering system, wherein the system comprises at least one seam is located on the surface of the system.
17.权利要求16的地面覆盖板,其特征在于第二地面覆盖板包含施用于垂直侧端的可交联聚合物,所述垂直侧端与第一地面覆盖板的垂直侧端互补。 Claim 17. The surface 16 of the cover plate, wherein the second floor covering panel comprising a crosslinkable polymer is applied to the end of the vertical side, said first side end perpendicular to the ground-side end plate covers the vertical complementary.
18.权利要求16的地面覆盖板,其特征在于可交联聚合物提供防水阻隔,从而与未经用交联聚合物阻隔组合物处理的地面覆盖系统的渗透相比,很大程度上上减少了水渗透入系统。 Claim 18. The surface 16 of the cover plate, characterized in that the cross-linkable polymer provides a waterproof barrier to permeation as compared with untreated floor covering system with a crosslinked polymer barrier composition, to reduce the extent the penetration of water into the system.
CNB02829727XA 2002-08-14 2002-08-14 Water resistant tongue and groove flooring CN1292893C (en)

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