CN1226510C - Shuttering member - Google Patents

Shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1226510C
CN1226510C CN 200310100981 CN200310100981A CN1226510C CN 1226510 C CN1226510 C CN 1226510C CN 200310100981 CN200310100981 CN 200310100981 CN 200310100981 A CN200310100981 A CN 200310100981A CN 1226510 C CN1226510 C CN 1226510C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
shuttering
sidewall
plate
overlapping layers
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Application number
CN 200310100981
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1529009A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Application filed by 邱则有 filed Critical 邱则有
Priority to CN 200310100981 priority Critical patent/CN1226510C/en
Publication of CN1529009A publication Critical patent/CN1529009A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1226510C publication Critical patent/CN1226510C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises an upper slab (1), peripheral side walls (2) and a lower bottom (3), wherein the upper slab (1), the peripheral side walls (2) and the lower bottom slab (3) are surrounded to form a cavity body. The present invention is characterized in that at least one base layer of the upper slab (1), the peripheral side walls (2) or the lower bottom slab (3) is laminated with at least one lamination layer (4) which is laminated into a whole with the lamination layer (4); the cavity body is provided with at least one transverse hole (5) which is used for pouring cast-in-place concrete and penetrates through the surfaces of the peripheral side walls (2) of the cavity body. Thus, the shuttering member has the advantages of easy manufacture, high productive efficiency and low cost; simultaneously, the cast-in-place concrete enters a mould cavity of the hole of the shuttering member so as to form cast-in-place concrete rods so that a stress and force transmission member of a floor is formed in the shuttering member; thus, the mechanical property of the floor is largely improved; the present invention is suitable for use in hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation bottom slabs and hollow bridges which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height.And for example notification number is that CN2466270Y, name are called " light-duty composite form " utility model patent, the outer wall that it discloses shuttering member is a mixed layer, have characteristics such as manufacture craft is simple, cost is low, but, stressed and the Force transmission parts of no superstructure in this shuttering member, particularly when the shuttering member size is big, show more obviously.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have characteristics such as the mechanical property of improving superstructure, convenient construction.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe are enclosed cavity body on every side, upper plate, at least one basic unit of sidewall or lower shoe is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least on every side, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, it is characterized in that the horizontal hole that has at least one Cast-in-place concrete to pour into a mould usefulness on cavity body runs through the surface of sidewall on every side of cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, because shuttering member is provided with the surface of sidewall on every side that the horizontal hole of Cast-in-place concrete cast usefulness runs through shuttering member, Cast-in-place concrete enters in the hole die cavity, after treating setting and harden, form the Cast-in-place concrete rod member, thereby in shuttering member, formed the stressed and Force transmission parts of superstructure, improved the mechanical property of superstructure greatly; Simultaneously, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, it is made easily, production efficiency is high, and corresponding cost is low; In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is also that described horizontal hole is combined on the cavity body by at least one endlap of hollow stem and constitutes.Like this, laterally hole is superimposed on cavity body, and the operation of producing shuttering member is simplified, and manufactures convenient and simplely, simultaneously, has strengthened the intensity of shuttering member, shuttering member pile up, not fragile in the transportation, installation process.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body hole of other direction, and the one end runs through the upper plate of cavity body, and the other end links to each other with lower shoe.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in the above-mentioned hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete rod member that formed has improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the hole of described horizontal hole and other direction intersects.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the hole of above-mentioned horizontal hole and other direction, and the corresponding superimposed truss member structure of Cast-in-place concrete that formed in the enclosed cavity of shuttering member has improved carrying, the shock resistance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is described a plurality of transverse holes cavity parallel.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned parallel transverse hole, in shuttering member, formed horizontal parallel superimposed rod member, with relative Cast-in-place concrete rib drawknot is whole, has increased substantially the whole mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes is in a plane.
Feature of the present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes is in Different Plane.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned hole, the corresponding axis that formed is on a plane or orthogonal thereto each other or grade separation in Different Plane or the superimposed rod member of Cast-in-place concrete that be arranged in parallel, with the force structure of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor inside from traditional unidirectional or two-way stress system, changed over three-dimensional new spatial structure system, made the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor structure more light and handy, firm.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one end of described hole is gradual change enlarging shape hole or sudden change enlarging shape hole.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the hole, corresponding formed gradually to rise increase or the cast-in-situ concrete structure of broadening gradually, can satisfy local the reinforcement done in different force parts in the superstructure, be specially adapted to make building cover structure improve rationally more to strengthening near dark beam or bright beam or the structural column.Simultaneously, be applicable to also when in the Cast-in-place concrete rib, presstressed reinforcing steel being set that the shuttering member of doing the end uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is identical with the basic unit material.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is different with the basic unit material.Like this, when overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention also is between described overlapping layers and the basic unit with glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or wire drawing or plate closes or the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of formwork structure, part is lighter, intensity is bigger.
Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers on every side, perhaps has reinforce to expose, and perhaps the reinforce in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; If there is reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better; If reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.
It is corrugated or circular that feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim or chamfering or groove or pit or boss module or raised line or the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, the pit, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described hole or inner corner trim or chamfering or groove or raised line self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or formation grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, hole on the shuttering member, inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib at least one to expose outside the cavity body, or also have reinforce to expose, perhaps muscle, net reinforce are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib and basic unit, perhaps have stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib to be superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is extended with toss or stretches out the toss of revealing reinforce, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, and upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is horizontal hole, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its horizontal hole 5 constitutes on cavity body by the two ends of hollow stem are superimposed.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also be provided with the hole 5 of other direction on its cavity body, one end of the hole 5 of other direction runs through the upper plate 1 of cavity body, and the other end links to each other with lower shoe 3.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, also be provided with the hole 5 of other direction on the cavity body, its horizontal hole 5 intersects with the hole 5 of other direction.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and its cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 that are parallel to each other.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and the axis of its a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is in Different Plane.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and an end of its horizontal hole 5 is a gradual change enlarging shape hole.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is different with the material of basic unit.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the outside of basic unit.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, is overlapped into integral body with bonding mode between its overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with two horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with two horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 and be provided with in the sidewall 2 on every side with basic unit and be superimposed as whole overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, pit 10, boss module 11 and external corner 13 on its cavity body.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and sidewall 2 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4 on every side, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also be provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body simultaneously, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose the cavity body outside.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is the wall that light material 17 is made on every side.Diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and the external surface of its upper plate 1 is the zigzag external surface.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with the hole 5 of a plurality of horizontal holes 5 and other direction, its upper plate 1 is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the cavity body.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, and the spacing between the hollow mould shell constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its lower shoe 3 stretches out sidewall 2 formation toss 21 on every side, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, its lower shoe 3 is the cement concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be fleece cement mortar wall.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of holes 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 is connected by overlapping layers 4 with sidewall 2 on every side encloses cavity body.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of holes 5, its upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 are enclosed cavity body on every side, upper plate 1, at least one basic unit of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 4 at least on every side, overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, it is characterized in that the horizontal hole 5 that has at least one Cast-in-place concrete to pour into a mould usefulness on cavity body runs through the surface of sidewall 2 on every side of cavity body.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is horizontal hole, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces.
The present invention is also that described horizontal hole 5 is combined on the cavity body by at least one endlap of hollow stem and constitutes.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its horizontal hole 5 constitutes on cavity body by the two ends of hollow stem are superimposed.
The present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body hole 5 of other direction, and the one end runs through the upper plate 1 of cavity body, and the other end links to each other with lower shoe 3.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also be provided with the hole 5 of other direction on its cavity body, one end of the hole 5 of other direction runs through the upper plate 1 of cavity body, and the other end links to each other with lower shoe 3.
The present invention is that also the described horizontal hole 5 and the hole 5 of other direction intersect.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, also be provided with the hole 5 of other direction on the cavity body, its horizontal hole 5 intersects with the hole 5 of other direction.
The present invention is that also described a plurality of horizontal hole 5 is parallel.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and its cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 that are parallel to each other.
The present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is in a plane.
The present invention is that also the axis of described a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is in Different Plane.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and the axis of its a plurality of horizontal holes 5 is in Different Plane.
The present invention is that also at least one end of described hole 5 is gradual change enlarging shape hole or sudden change enlarging shape hole.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and an end of its horizontal hole 5 is a gradual change enlarging shape hole.
The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is identical with the basic unit material.
The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is different with the basic unit material.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is different with the material of basic unit.
The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the outside of basic unit.
The present invention also is between described overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit with glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or wire drawing or plate closes or the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, is overlapped into integral body with bonding mode between its overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit.
The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with two horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.
The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with two horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.
The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is foam layer.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, contains reinforce 6 at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 on every side, perhaps has reinforce 6 to expose, and perhaps the reinforce 6 in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce 6 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 6.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 and be provided with in the sidewall 2 on every side with basic unit and be superimposed as whole overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
It is corrugated or circular that the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.
The present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim 7 or chamfering 8 or groove 9 or pit 10 or boss module 11 or raised line 12 or the external corner 13.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, pit 10, boss module 11 and external corner 13 on its cavity body.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and sidewall 2 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4 on every side, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.
The present invention also is described hole 5 or inner corner trim 7 or chamfering 8 or groove 9 or raised line 12 self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or form grid.As shown in figure 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4 on every side, the raised line of the hole 5 that is provided with on its cavity body, inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 12 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting.
The present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, the reinforcing rib 16, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, the reinforcing rib 16 at least one to expose outside the cavity body, or also have reinforce 6 to expose, perhaps muscle, net reinforce 6 are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, reinforcing rib 16 and basic unit, perhaps have stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, reinforcing rib 16 to be superimposed with overlapping layers 4.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, also be provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body simultaneously, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose the cavity body outside.
The present invention also is to be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.
The present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 17.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is the wall that light material 17 is made on every side.Diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.
The present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.
The present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and the external surface of its upper plate 1 is the zigzag external surface.
The present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 18.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with the hole 5 of a plurality of horizontal holes 5 and other direction, its upper plate 1 is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.
The present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 19 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is connected to each other between the cavity body.
The present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, and the spacing between the hollow mould shell constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20.
The present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 21 or stretches out the toss 21 of revealing reinforce 6, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, cavity body is provided with a plurality of horizontal holes 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that run through cavity body, its lower shoe 3 stretches out sidewall 2 formation toss 21 on every side, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.
The present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is superimposed with overlapping layers 4, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, its lower shoe 3 is the cement concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be fleece cement mortar wall.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces on every side that runs through cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is formed by stacking for the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
The present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, cavity body be provided with one run through cavity body around the horizontal hole 5 on sidewall 2 surfaces, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.
The present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 30, overlapping layers 4 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2, the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 4 on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of holes 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 is connected by overlapping layers 4 with sidewall 2 on every side encloses cavity body.
The present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be superimposed with overlapping layers 4 in the basic unit of lower shoe 3, cavity body is provided with a plurality of holes 5, its upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
The present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.As shown in figure 15, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.
During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of horizontal hole 5 die cavitys of band of the opening that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, then, with the opening surface of shuttering member up, mortar or haydite concrete overlapping layers 4 are hung or be positioned on the opening surface of shuttering member, with ferro-cement or concrete plug opening surface, form the lower shoe 3 of lower shoe 3 or band toss 21, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that lower shoe 3 basic units are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (36)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) are enclosed cavity body on every side, upper plate (1), at least one basic unit of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (4) at least on every side, overlapping layers (4) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, it is characterized in that the horizontal hole (5) that has at least one Cast-in-place concrete to pour into a mould usefulness on cavity body runs through the surface of sidewall (2) on every side of cavity body.
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described horizontal hole (5) is combined on the cavity body by at least one endlap of hollow stem to constitute.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body hole (5) of other direction, and the one end runs through the upper plate (1) of cavity body, and the other end links to each other with lower shoe (3).
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that the described horizontal hole (5) and the hole (5) of other direction intersect.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described a plurality of horizontal holes (5) are parallel.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, the axis that it is characterized in that described a plurality of horizontal holes (5) is in a plane.
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, the axis that it is characterized in that described a plurality of horizontal holes (5) is in Different Plane.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, at least one end that it is characterized in that described hole (5) are gradual change enlarging shape hole or sudden change enlarging shape hole.
9, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is identical with the basic unit material.
10, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is different with the basic unit material.
11, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
12, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that between described overlapping layers (4) and the basic unit with glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or wire drawing or plate closes or the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.
13, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
14, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
15, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
16, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a foam layer.
17, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), contain reinforce (6) at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) on every side, perhaps have reinforce (6) to expose, perhaps the reinforce (6) in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.
18, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is corrugated or circular to it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.
19,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim (7) or chamfering (8) or groove (9) or pit (10) or boss module (11) or raised line (12) or the external corner (13) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
20, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that described hole (5) or inner corner trim (7) or chamfering (8) or groove (9) or raised line (12) self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or formation grid.
21, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that being provided with stiffening rib (14) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body, bracing boom (15), in the reinforcing rib (16) at least one, stiffening rib (14) is perhaps arranged, bracing boom (15), in the reinforcing rib (16) at least one exposed outside the cavity body, or also have reinforce (6) to expose, perhaps stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) and basic unit's superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (6) perhaps has stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) is superimposed with overlapping layers (4).
22,, it is characterized in that being provided with light material (17) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
23, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (17).
24, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) for or dismountable movable part arranged.
25,, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
26,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (18) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
27,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (19) between the cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
28, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 27 is characterized in that at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector (19), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (20) between the cavity body.
29, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (21) or stretches out the toss (21) of revealing reinforce (6), perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss (21).
30, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
31,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (6) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
32,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
33,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
34, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall (2), the lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (4) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
35,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
36,, it is characterized in that shuttering member is provided with carrying part (22) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
CN 200310100981 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member CN1226510C (en)

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