CN1236176C - Shuttering member - Google Patents

Shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1236176C
CN1236176C CN 200310100985 CN200310100985A CN1236176C CN 1236176 C CN1236176 C CN 1236176C CN 200310100985 CN200310100985 CN 200310100985 CN 200310100985 A CN200310100985 A CN 200310100985A CN 1236176 C CN1236176 C CN 1236176C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
cavity
sidewall
plate
shoe
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CN 200310100985
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1529013A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Application filed by 邱则有 filed Critical 邱则有
Priority to CN 200310100985 priority Critical patent/CN1236176C/en
Publication of CN1529013A publication Critical patent/CN1529013A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1236176C publication Critical patent/CN1236176C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises an upper slab (1), surrounding side walls (2) and a lower bottom slab (3), wherein a cavity body is formed by the enclosure of the upper slab (1), the surrounding side walls (2) and the lower bottom slab (3). The present invention is characterized in that at least one laminated layer (4) is laminated on at least one base layer of the upper slab (1), the surrounding side walls (2) or the lower bottom slab (3); the laminated layer (4) is laminated into a whole with the base layer; at least one transverse groove (5) is formed on at least one surrounding side wall (2) of the cavity body. In this way, the shuttering member has the advantages of easy manufacture and high productive efficiency; correspondingly, the cost is low. Simultaneously, a reinforcing rib of a cast-in-place concrete rib between two shuttering members, which is made of cast-in-place concrete, is formed in the groove of the shuttering member; thus, the present invention obviously improves the mechanical property of a floor, and the position pumped out has high intensity and rigidity and strong capability to bear the action of concentrated loads. The shuttering member is suitable for hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation bottom slabs and hollow bridges, which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and cavity former component.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.As the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity former component, characteristics such as that this cavity former component has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, make inconvenient when this class shuttering member is produced, production efficiency is low, is not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height, simultaneously, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is at the position of finding time of shuttering member, and the intensity of superstructure is relative with rigidity relatively poor, and the ability of bearing the point load effect is relatively low, therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have the characteristics such as mechanical property that making is easy, production efficiency is high, cost is low, can significantly improve superstructure.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall and lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall and lower shoe are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate, at least one basic unit of sidewall or lower shoe is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least on every side, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, and sidewall is provided with at least one transverse concave groove around at least one of cavity body.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, and after shuttering member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, because sidewall is provided with at least one transverse concave groove around the shuttering member, Cast-in-place concrete can form the reinforcing rib of the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the shuttering member in groove, thereby has improved the mechanical property of superstructure significantly, at the position of finding time, its intensity and rigidity are bigger, and the ability of bearing the point load effect is stronger; In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least one transverse concave groove is superimposed on cavity body.Like this, transverse concave groove is superimposed on cavity body, and the operation of producing shuttering member is simplified, and manufactures more convenient simply, simultaneously, has strengthened the intensity of shuttering member, shuttering member pile up, not fragile in the transportation, installation process.

Feature of the present invention also is to have on the sidewall around at least one of described cavity body at least one to intersect with transverse concave groove or the groove of other direction of linking to each other.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, groove on the shuttering member has formed cross or groined type or latticed communication groove, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned groove, the corresponding cross or groined type or latticed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib of having formed on the Cast-in-place concrete rib constructed, and improved the stability and the anti-seismic performance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described many transverse concave grooves are communicated with orthogonal thereto ring or oblique ring.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the transverse concave groove of above-mentioned orthogonal thereto ring or the setting of oblique ring, and the Cast-in-place concrete ring that has formed quadrature or oblique on the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete rib in superstructure adds competent structure, has improved the overall performance of Cast-in-place concrete rib.

Feature of the present invention is that also the upper plate of described cavity body or lower shoe are provided with transverse concave groove.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in the groove on top or the bottom surface, has formed Cast-in-place concrete and add competent structure on shuttering member, has increased substantially the intensity of weak part in the superstructure.

Feature of the present invention is also that described all transverse concave grooves are parallel, quadrature or oblique.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours into above-mentioned being in the groove that parallel, quadrature or oblique be provided with, in cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor corresponding formed be parallel to each other, the Cast-in-place concrete of quadrature or oblique adds competent structure, strengthen the intensity of building cover structure, improved the combination property of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of described groove is that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the groove, and the corresponding competent structure that adds that forms various cross sectional shapes has made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of shuttering member is lighter, intensity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, contains reinforce at least one of sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, has reinforce to expose at least one of sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side.Like this, if there is reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the reinforce at least one of sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers stretches in adjacent matrix or the overlapping layers drawknot mutually on every side.Like this, if reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, hole, boss module, raised line or the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described groove, inner corner trim, chamfering, hole or raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, groove on the shuttering member, inner corner trim, chamfering, hole, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib that are provided with in the shuttering member can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, had optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also in the stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the stiffening rib that shuttering member exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, had optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib reinforce to expose.Like this, if also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.

Feature of the present invention also is the superimposed or superimposed back of described stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib and basic unit dew muscle, net reinforce.

Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, if be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall be dismountable movable part.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall dismountable movable part is arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side at least one in the external surface of sidewall be corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is extended with toss or stretches out the toss of revealing reinforce, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall or the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is transverse concave groove, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and simultaneously, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its transverse concave groove 5 is superimposed on cavity body.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, is provided with the groove 5 that horizontal groove 5 reaches other direction that intersects with transverse concave groove 5 around its cavity body on the sidewall 2 simultaneously.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its groove 5 is communicated with orthogonal thereto ring setting.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, is provided with transverse concave groove 5 on its upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also be provided with transverse concave groove 5 on upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, its above-mentioned transverse concave groove 5 parallel to each other, quadrature settings.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, the cross sectional shape of its transverse concave groove 5 is semicircle.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is identical with the basic unit material.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the mode with riveted between overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit is overlapped into integral body.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and be provided with transverse concave groove 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with the groove 5 of other direction on every side on the sidewall 2, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is the combination of fibrous mesh cloth and metal foil band.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also is provided with chamfering 8, pit 9 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, hole 10, boss module 11 and external corner 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, be provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is that light material 17 is made on every side, and diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the external surface of its upper plate 1 is the zigzag external surface.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a rod member.

Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 on every side, also be provided with the groove 5 of other direction simultaneously, two cavity body is connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall.

Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate 1, at least one basic unit of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 4 at least on every side, overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, and sidewall 2 is provided with at least one transverse concave groove 5 around at least one of cavity body.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is transverse concave groove, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and simultaneously, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least one transverse concave groove 5 is superimposed on cavity body.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its transverse concave groove 5 is superimposed on cavity body

Feature of the present invention also is to have on the sidewall 2 around at least one of described cavity body at least one to intersect with transverse concave groove 5 or the groove 5 of other direction of linking to each other.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, is provided with the groove 5 that horizontal groove 5 reaches other direction that intersects with transverse concave groove 5 around its cavity body on the sidewall 2 simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described many transverse concave grooves 5 are communicated with orthogonal thereto ring or oblique ring.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its groove 5 is communicated with orthogonal thereto ring setting.

Feature of the present invention is that also the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or lower shoe 3 are provided with transverse concave groove 5.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, is provided with transverse concave groove 5 on its upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is also that described all transverse concave grooves are 5 parallel, quadrature or oblique.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also be provided with transverse concave groove 5 on upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, its above-mentioned transverse concave groove 5 parallel to each other, quadrature settings.

Feature of the present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of described groove 5 is that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, the cross sectional shape of its transverse concave groove 5 is semicircle.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is identical with the basic unit material.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the mode with riveted between overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit is overlapped into integral body.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is foam layer.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, contains reinforce 6 at least one of sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or overlapping layers 4 on every side.Reinforce 6 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 6.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and be provided with transverse concave groove 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with the groove 5 of other direction on every side on the sidewall 2, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is the combination of fibrous mesh cloth and metal foil band.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, has reinforce 6 to expose at least one of sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or overlapping layers 4 on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the reinforce 6 at least one of sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or overlapping layers 4 stretches in adjacent matrix or the overlapping layers 4 drawknot mutually on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

At least one Figure 17 that feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body in inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, pit 9, hole 10, boss module 11, raised line 12 or the external corner 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also is provided with chamfering 8, pit 9 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, hole 10, boss module 11 and external corner 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described groove 5, inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, hole 10 or raised line 12 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.As shown in figure 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, the groove 5 that is provided with on its cavity body, inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8 and hole 10 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or the reinforcing rib 16.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, is provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body

Feature of the present invention is that also in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or the reinforcing rib 16 in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.As shown in figure 19, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is to also have on described stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or the reinforcing rib 16 reinforce 6 to expose.

Feature of the present invention also is described stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or reinforcing rib 16 and basic unit superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce 6.

Feature of the present invention is that also described stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or reinforcing rib 16 are superimposed with overlapping layers 4.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 17.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, the upper plate 1 of cavity body and on every side sidewall 2 be provided with transverse concave groove 5, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is that light material 17 is made on every side, and diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 be dismountable movable part.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 dismountable movable part is arranged.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 be the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23 for corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface Figure 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and the external surface of its upper plate 1 is the zigzag external surface.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 18.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 19 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in the upper plate 1, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a rod member.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 on every side, also be provided with the groove 5 of other direction simultaneously, two cavity body is connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 21 or stretches out the toss 21 of revealing reinforce 6, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.As shown in figure 28, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material is formed by stacking.

Feature of the present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Feature of the present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 29, overlapping layers 4 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2 or the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 4 on every side.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, sidewall 2 is provided with transverse concave groove 5 around the cavity body, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.As shown in figure 27, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.

During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of band transverse concave groove 5 die cavitys of the opening that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, then, with the opening surface of shuttering member up, mortar or haydite concrete overlapping layers 4 are hung or be positioned on the opening surface of shuttering member, with ferro-cement or concrete plug opening surface, form the lower shoe 3 of lower shoe 3 or band toss 21, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that lower shoe 3 basic units are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (42)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and lower shoe (3) are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one basic unit of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (4) at least on every side, overlapping layers (4) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, and sidewall (2) is provided with at least one transverse concave groove (5) around at least one of cavity body.
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described at least one transverse concave groove (5) is superimposed on cavity body.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that having on the sidewall (2) around at least one of described cavity body at least one to intersect with transverse concave groove (5) or the groove (5) of other direction of linking to each other.
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described many transverse concave grooves (5) are communicated with orthogonal thereto ring or oblique ring.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or lower shoe (3) are provided with transverse concave groove (5).
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 4 is characterized in that described all transverse concave grooves (5) are parallel, quadrature or oblique.
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, the cross sectional shape that it is characterized in that described groove (5) are that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
9, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
10, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that between described overlapping layers (4) and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw or riveted is overlapped into integral body.
11, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
12, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
13, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
14, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a foam layer.
15, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that upper plate (1), contains reinforce (6) at least one of sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or overlapping layers (4) on every side.
16, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 15 is characterized in that upper plate (1), has reinforce (6) to expose at least one of sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or overlapping layers (4) on every side.
17, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 15 is characterized in that upper plate (1), the reinforce (6) at least one of sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or overlapping layers (4) stretches in adjacent matrix or the overlapping layers (4) drawknot mutually on every side.
18,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
19,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), pit (9), hole (10), boss module (11), raised line (12) or the external corner (13) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
20, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that described groove (5), inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), hole (10) or raised line (12) self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.
21,, it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or the reinforcing rib (16) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
22, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 21 is characterized in that in stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or the reinforcing rib (16) in the described cavity body at least one expose outside the cavity body.
23, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 21, reinforce (6) exposes to it is characterized in that going up described stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or reinforcing rib (16) in addition.
24, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 21 is characterized in that described stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or reinforcing rib (16) and basic unit superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (6).
25, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 21 is characterized in that described stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or reinforcing rib (16) are superimposed with overlapping layers (4).
26,, it is characterized in that being provided with light material (17) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
27, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 26, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (17).
28, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part.
29, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) dismountable movable part is arranged.
30, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) be corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface.
31,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (18) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
32,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (19) between the cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
33, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 32 is characterized in that at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector (19), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (20) between the cavity body.
34, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (21) or stretches out the toss (21) of revealing reinforce (6), perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss (21).
35, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
36,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (6) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
37,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
38,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
39,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall (2) or the lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (4) on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
40,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of claim 39.
41,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
42,, it is characterized in that shuttering member is provided with carrying part (22) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 17.
CN 200310100985 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member CN1236176C (en)

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CN 200510129810 Division CN1793581B (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Mould component
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CN1800541B (en) * 2004-12-31 2010-11-03 邱则有 Reinforced bar concrete hollow slab
CN102155064A (en) * 2011-03-15 2011-08-17 辛崇安 Cast-in-place concrete hollow floor slab internally provided with assembled box template

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