CN1187430C - Water decomposed and combined fuel and its desomposing burner - Google Patents

Water decomposed and combined fuel and its desomposing burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1187430C
CN1187430C CNB021308020A CN02130802A CN1187430C CN 1187430 C CN1187430 C CN 1187430C CN B021308020 A CNB021308020 A CN B021308020A CN 02130802 A CN02130802 A CN 02130802A CN 1187430 C CN1187430 C CN 1187430C
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China
Prior art keywords
fuel
decomposition
fossil fuels
combustion device
cylindrical shell
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB021308020A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1405280A (en
Inventor
郎君羊
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PAN WEIBIAO
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PAN WEIBIAO
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Publication of CN1187430C publication Critical patent/CN1187430C/en
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Abstract

The present invention discloses hydrolytic compound fuel and a hydrolytic burner matched with the fuel. The fuel is formed by proportionally mixing 20 to 70% of water and 30 to 80% of alcohol (carbinol or ethanol). The hydrolytic burner is in a tubular structure with a blower. One end of a preheating spiral tube arranged in the hydrolytic burner is connected with the fuel inlet of the tube body, and the other end is connected with the fuel inlet of a porous catalytic device of which the fuel outlet is connected with an ejector fixed in the tube body. A disk surface of the porous catalytic device is positioned at the bocca of the tube body. The hydrolysis compound fuel can be preheated, catalyzed, cracked and supported for burning by the hydrolytic burner, so the fuel can be burnt fully. The hydrolytic burner is inserted into a fuel port of a boiler, a smelting furnace, etc. so as to realize the goal of replacing coal, oil and other fuel with the hydrolytic compound fuel, save the existing fossil fuel and reduce environmental pollution. Once in failure, the hydrolytic burner can be changed, so maintenance does not affect production.

Description

Water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of decomposition combustion device that is used with the water decomposition fossil fuels.The water decomposition fossil fuels can obtain decomposition, combustion-supporting by this decomposition burner, and its fuel can fully be burnt, as the burning energy of various boilers, smelting furnace, kiln etc.
Two, background technology
The energy is human precious resources.Particularly fossil energy (coal, wet goods) do not have regenerated may, it is as fuel in addition, and is also more serious to topsoil.Therefore, scientific circles all at a kind of water of tackling key problem and compound synthetic fuel, make it to get coal supply, wet goods fuel as the energy with this in recent years, can save the energy like this, avoid topsoil again.For solving this problem, the inventor has succeeded in developing a kind of and the matching used combustion unit of water decomposition fossil fuels in development water decomposition synthol, and number of patent application is 02210068.7.Though this combustion unit can satisfy the combustion conditions of water decomposition fossil fuels, the water decomposition fossil fuels is fully burnt, reach the required thermal treatment temp of material in the stove.But because this combustion unit is established the preheating nest of tubes in burner hearth, so just the purposes to this combustion unit has certain restriction; In a single day as this combustion unit fault occurring, must blowing out keep in repair, influence production efficiency.
Three, summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of decomposition combustion device that is used with the water decomposition fossil fuels, the input fuel port place that the decomposition combustion device that uses the water decomposition fossil fuels is inserted bodies of heater such as various boilers, smelting furnace, just can realize replacing the purpose of coal, wet goods fuel with the water decomposition synthol, so promptly saved existing fossil energy, reduced pollution again to environment, and in a single day this decomposition combustion device breaks down, and other changes one and gets final product, and maintenance does not influence ordinary production.
The water decomposition fossil fuels that the present invention uses constitutes after being mixed by weight percentage by water and alcohol, and its proportioning is: water is 20-70%, and alcohol is 30-80%; Alcohol nail alcohol or ethanol.
Above-mentioned water decomposition fossil fuels is a process fuel, and the water decomposition fossil fuels of low ratio alcohol can not perfect combustion under general normal temperature, normality, needs the complete combustion processes of a high temperature, catalysis, decomposition, vaporization, atomizing.Therefore, the inventor has developed a kind of decomposition combustion device that is used with the water decomposition fossil fuels, and under the effect of decomposition combustion device, this fuel can obtain sufficient catalysis, cracking, reaches perfect combustion.
The present invention is achieved in that
The present invention---decomposition combustion device is the tubular structure that the end is provided with blower fan, be provided with the preheating spiral tube in the cylindrical shell, one end of preheating spiral tube is connected with the fuel inlet on the cylindrical shell, the fuel inlet of its another termination multi-orifice catalytic device, the fuel outlet of multi-orifice catalytic device is connected with injector, injector is fixed in the cylindrical shell, and the card of multi-orifice catalytic device is positioned at the bocca place of cylindrical shell.
The cylindrical shell of this decomposition burner can also adopt the cylindrical shell of strap clamp layer cavity, on the outer wall of its interlayer cavity fuel inlet is arranged, and fuel outlet is arranged on the inwall; Fuel outlet on the inwall is connected with the intravital preheating spiral tube of tube.After this decomposition combustion device igniting, its interlayer cavity just becomes the preheating of fuel chamber.
Multi-orifice catalytic device in this decomposition burner is that a side has fuel inlet, opposite side that the cavity garden disk-like structure of fuel outlet is arranged, several through holes that upper and lower perforation is arranged on the card of garden dish, its through hole and the garden chamber of circling or whirl in the air is not communicated with, and circles or whirl in the air and the manganese metal particle is housed in the chamber in the garden.
The injector of this decomposition burner constitutes by being covered with hot red cover on the porous nozzle.The red cover of heat can adopt following two kinds of structure formations: a kind of is the red cover of dry type heat, and the red cover of instant heating is a tubular structure, has several fire jetting holes on the barrel; Another kind is the red cover of wet type heat, the red cover of instant heating is the tubular structure of strap clamp layer cavity, have several fire jetting holes on the barrel, interlayer cavity in the barrel is preheating of fuel passage independently, barrel is provided with fuel inlet and the outlet that communicates with fuel preheating channel in the barrel, and the outlet of its preheating of fuel passage is connected to nozzle.
Fuel outlet at the multi-orifice catalytic device of this decomposition burner can be set up ramp type porous catalytic bed to the pipeline of the fuel inlet of injector, this catalytic bed is the inclined-plane plank frame, omnidistance connect, fuel channel is independently arranged in skewback, several open-works are arranged on its skewback.Further obtain high temperature, catalysis, burning in the time of so just making fuel by catalytic bed.
For the effect of the preheating igniting of strengthening this decomposition burner, in the cylindrical shell of decomposition combustion device, can set up the injector that a cover is independent, be exclusively used in preheating igniting, the hot red cover that device is established in its spray adopts the hot red cover of dry type or wet type all can.
The sparking mode of this decomposition burner is two kinds of manual ignition and electronic strikings: 1, burner can be realized the manual ignition battle on the sidewall of cylindrical shell; 2, at the nozzle place of the intravital injector of tube the sparking electrode is installed, can be realized electronic striking.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one of embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 2 is two a structural representation of embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 3, Fig. 4 are respectively the structural representation of the injector of the different structure that adopts among the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the multi-orifice catalytic device that adopts among the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that the B of Fig. 6 is to view;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the porous catalytic bed that adopts among the present invention;
Fig. 9 is that the C of Fig. 8 is to view.
Five, embodiment
(1) embodiment one:
Shown in Figure 1, this decomposition burner is the tubular structure that blower fan 5 is established in the end, cylindrical shell 1 selects for use stainless material to make the cylindrical shell of strap clamp layer cavity 2, the fuel inlet that is connected with fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 16,17 is arranged on the outer wall of its interlayer cavity 2, fuel outlet is arranged on the inwall, and the preheating spiral tube 3 in the fuel outlet on the inwall and the cylindrical shell 1 is connected.Fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 16,17 can be adorned the fuel of different concns respectively, uses when the fuel of high density alcohol has just been lighted a fire, and when the temperature of combustion in the decomposition combustion device reaches 1100 ℃, uses lower concentration alcohol fuel.12 is fuel inlet pipe, and 13 is the valve of fuel narrow-necked earthen jar, and 14 is force (forcing) pump, is used for to decomposition combustion device transfer the fuel.Preheating spiral tube 3 in the cylindrical shell 1 selects for use stainless material to make.One end of preheating spiral tube 3 is connected with fuel inlet on the cylindrical shell 1, the fuel inlet of its another termination multi-orifice catalytic device 4, and the fuel outlet of multi-orifice catalytic device 4 is connected with injector by inner helix pipe 8, and the injector useable holder is fixed in the air duct.Injector is made of the hot red cover 6 of cover on the porous nozzle 7; The red cover 6 of heat is the red cover (see figure 3) of dry type heat.The card centering of injector and multi-orifice catalytic device 4, porous are urged the bocca place that is arranged in cylindrical shell 1 through the card of device 4.Multi-orifice catalytic device 4 (seeing Fig. 6, Fig. 7) is that a side has fuel inlet, and opposite side has the cavity disc-shaped structure of outlet, and manganese metal particle 19 is housed in its cavity, and several through holes 18 of upper and lower perforation are arranged on the disk, and its logical and garden chamber of circling or whirl in the air is not communicated with.When being chosen as 260mm as the internal diameter of cylindrical shell 1, the card diameter of multi-orifice catalytic device 4 should be 210mm, and the diameter of the through hole on the card is chosen as 14mm, 32 of through holes; The nozzle diameter is elected 120mm as, and nozzle inside diameter is 1mm, and number is 3; The red cover internal diameter of dry type heat is elected 150mm as, and the aperture of fire jetting hole 20 is 12mm, and the number of fire jetting hole 20 is 68/100cm 2This decomposition combustion device adopts the electronic striking mode, and the sparking electrode is located at fire jetting hole 20 places of the hot red cover 6 of injector.During this decomposition combustion device igniting, use the water decomposition fossil fuels of high density alcohol to light, make the liquid fuel heat temperature raising gradually that enters this decomposition combustion device, liquid fuel after particularly heating up obtains catalysis when entering behind the multi-orifice catalytic device by the manganese metal particle, quicken cracking, high-temperature water after the intensification decomposes fossil fuels and sharply is converted into steam state, when spraying, injector become flame more, because the combustion-supporting effect of blowing of blower fan, the flame of injector ejection is through the through hole ejection of multi-orifice catalytic device card, obtain further catalysis after making the burning of water decomposition fossil fuels, cracking, combustion time, long more temperature was high more, the burning of its water decomposition fossil fuels is thorough more, splitter internal combustion temperature will be more and more higher, can be up to 1700 ℃.
(2) embodiment two:
Shown in Figure 2, this embodiment is on the basis of embodiment one, on injector and internal screw pipeline 8 that multi-orifice catalytic device 4 is connected porous catalytic bed 11 is housed.The hot red cover 6 of the injector that provides among Fig. 2 adopts the red cover (see figure 4) of wet type heat.9 is the pipe connecting of the fuel outlet of the red cover of wet type heat to nozzle, and 10 is the pipe connecting of the fuel outlet of porous catalytic bed 11 to the red cover fuel inlet of wet type heat.Porous catalytic bed 11 is inclined-plane plank frame (seeing Fig. 8, Fig. 9), and fuel channel 23 is arranged in skewback, and fuel channel 23 is not communicated with open-work 22 on the skewback, and fuel further plays preheating, the effect of heating through out-of-date.When being 260mm as decomposition combustion device cylinder internal diameter, the external diameter of nozzle 7 is 100mm, and its jet hole aperture is 1mm, and jet hole is 3; The internal diameter of red cover 6 (see figure 4)s of wet type heat is 120mm, and the aperture of its fire jetting hole 20 is 12mm, and number is 64/100cm 2, 21 is the preheating of fuel passage in the red cover of wet type heat; Multi-orifice catalytic device 4 card diameters are 210mm, and through hole 18 diameters are 14mm on the card, and its number is 32.The area of the skewback of its catalytic bed is at 1700mm 2The time, 22 at least 30 of open-works, the open-work diameter is at 10mm.The fuel channel of porous catalytic bed 11 inlet is connected with the inner helix pipe that connects multi-orifice catalytic device, and its fuel channel exports by managing the 10 preheating of fuel feeder connections that are connected to the hot red cover 6 of wet type of injector.Also set up in this embodiment a cover independently, be exclusively used in the injector of preheating igniting, what the injector that this preheating igniting among Fig. 2 is used adopted is the red cover 6 of wet type heat, also can adopt the red cover of dry type heat.This decomposition combustion device adopts the electronic striking form to light, and the sparking electrode is located at the hot red cover 6 fire jetting hole places that this cover is used for the injector of preheating igniting.3 fuel narrow-necked earthen jars 15,16,17 among Fig. 2 are adorned the fuel of different concns respectively, and dress contains the water decomposition fossil fuels of 80% alcohol in the fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 15; Light a fire after 10 minutes, make whole thermally equivalent in the decomposition combustion device, can close the valve 13 of fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 15, the valve 13 of the fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 16 that contains 50% alcohol is equipped with in unlatching, fuel enters interlayer cavity 2, preheating spiral tube 3, multi-orifice catalytic device 4, the porous catalytic bed 11 of cylindrical shell 1, hot red cover of injector constantly obtains preheating, intensification when nozzle sprays, make it the water decomposition fossil fuels and constantly obtain catalysis, cracking, become steam state, continue accelerate combustion by the injector ejection by liquid state.When reaching 1100 ℃, temperature of combustion closes the valve of fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 16, the fuel narrow-necked earthen jar 17 of the low concentration of water decomposition fossil fuels of 20% alcohol is equipped with in unlatching, can make this decomposition fuel device continue to obtain the flame of high-temp combustion, temperature in the decomposition combustion device is up to 1700 ℃, and the fiery temperature of decomposition combustion device mouth ejection is up to 1200 ℃.At this moment water decomposition fossil fuels has obtained sufficient catalysis, cracking, and incendiary is abundant especially.
Applied range of the present invention can be used for various heating boilers, generating dry gas boiler, smelting furnace or the like.Of the present invention succeeding in developing will make the water decomposition fossil fuels become a kind of free of contamination new forms of energy.Use the water decomposition fossil fuels to compare with burning diesel oil, coal etc., fuel cost can reduce 30-50%, and calorific value reached 57.8 kilocalories/mol when sufficient combustion generated water vapor.Be below on same boiler with water decomposition fossil fuels and this decomposition burner and the burning simultaneous test of using diesel oil and burner thereof to carry out, the testing data that records following (every interval survey in 5 minutes after the preheating):
Annotate: in the table this decomposition burner preheating 10 minutes be the water decomposition fossil fuels that contains 80% alcohol, the water decomposition fossil fuels of reburning and containing 50% alcohol in 5 minutes, usefulness is the water decomposition fossil fuels that contains the low alcoholic degree of 30% alcohol entirely then.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device, it is characterized in that this decomposition combustion device is the tubular structure that the end is provided with blower fan (5), be provided with preheating spiral tube (3) in the cylindrical shell (1), one end of preheating spiral tube (3) is connected with the fuel inlet of cylindrical shell (1), the fuel inlet of its another termination multi-orifice catalytic device (4), the fuel outlet of multi-orifice catalytic device (4) is connected with injector, and injector is fixed in the cylindrical shell (1), and the card of multi-orifice catalytic device (4) is positioned at the bocca place of cylindrical shell (1).
2, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 1 is characterized in that cylindrical shell (1) adopts the cylindrical shell of strap clamp layer cavity (2), on the outer wall of its interlayer cavity (2) fuel inlet is arranged, and inwall has fuel outlet; Preheating spiral tube (3) in fuel outlet on the inwall and the cylindrical shell (1) is connected.
3, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described multi-orifice catalytic device (4) is that a side has fuel inlet, opposite side that the cavity garden disk-like structure of fuel outlet is arranged, several through holes (18) that upper and lower perforation is arranged on the card of garden dish, garden circle or whirl in the air and manganese metal particle (19) are housed in the chamber.
4, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that described injector constitutes by being covered with hot red cover (6) on the nozzle (7).
5, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 4 is characterized in that the red cover of described heat (6) is a tubular structure, has several fire jetting holes (20) on the barrel.
6, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 4 is characterized in that the red cover of described heat is the tubular structure of strap clamp layer cavity; Have several fire jetting holes (20) on the bucket wall, interlayer cavity in the barrel is preheating of fuel passage (21) independently, barrel is provided with fuel inlet and the outlet that communicates with fuel preheating channel in the barrel, and the outlet of its preheating of fuel passage (21) is connected to nozzle (7).
7, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in cylindrical shell (1), setting up a cover independently, be exclusively used in the injector of preheating igniting.
8, water decomposition fossil fuels decomposition combustion device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that to the pipeline of the fuel inlet of injector, setting up porous catalytic bed (11) at the fuel outlet of the multi-orifice catalytic device (4) of this decomposition combustion device, this catalytic bed (11) is the inclined-plane plank frame, omnidistance connect, fuel channel (23) is independently arranged in skewback, several open-works (22) are arranged on its skewback.
CNB021308020A 2002-09-28 2002-09-28 Water decomposed and combined fuel and its desomposing burner Expired - Fee Related CN1187430C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021308020A CN1187430C (en) 2002-09-28 2002-09-28 Water decomposed and combined fuel and its desomposing burner

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021308020A CN1187430C (en) 2002-09-28 2002-09-28 Water decomposed and combined fuel and its desomposing burner

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CN1405280A CN1405280A (en) 2003-03-26
CN1187430C true CN1187430C (en) 2005-02-02

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102062398B (en) * 2010-11-22 2012-01-25 郎君羊 Water decomposition combustor
CN103471096B (en) * 2012-06-08 2016-04-20 佛山市源威科技开发有限公司 A kind of biological alcohol oil combustion device
CN108458361A (en) * 2018-05-01 2018-08-28 严锡培 A kind of novel water-based fuel combination decomposer
CN108757234B (en) * 2018-06-04 2020-01-31 湖南吉利汽车部件有限公司 cracker and alcohol-hydrogen engine convenient for replacing catalyst
CN108758626A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-06 鹤壁宝发能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of rare earth decomposes the burner and its application method of water

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