CN1175719C - Greening plantation medium for bare rock mass and its usage in greening - Google Patents

Greening plantation medium for bare rock mass and its usage in greening Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1175719C
CN1175719C CNB021204233A CN02120423A CN1175719C CN 1175719 C CN1175719 C CN 1175719C CN B021204233 A CNB021204233 A CN B021204233A CN 02120423 A CN02120423 A CN 02120423A CN 1175719 C CN1175719 C CN 1175719C
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China
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planting
rock mass
green
greening
exposed rock
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CN1387750A (en
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金佩英
林以亭
许国祥
张建忠
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SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SUPERVISION STATION YUHANG DISTRICT HANGZHOU
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SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SUPERVISION STATION YUHANG DISTRICT HANGZHOU
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a greening plantation base for bare rock mass and a method for greening, which can meet the needs of growing of plants. The greening plantation base at least comprises 60 to 80% of loam soil, 10 to 25% of clay, 3 to 6% cement or 2 to 6% of bonding agents, 0.2 to 0.5% of compound, 0.5 to 1.5% of cake fertilizer, 0.5 to 2.5% of water retaining agents and 1 to 5% of organic additives. The present invention has the advantages of scientific components, no pollution, low cost and favorable effects of greening; the present invention solves the problems which people want to solve but unsolved for long time; materials of the present invention are convenient to take, and agricultural discarded materials are fully utilized, such as straw, bran coat, etc., so the utilization of the discarded objects is realized; the method for greening of the bare rock mass has the advantages of simple and convenient technology, easy construction, free from the influence of seasons, high speed of the construction and good quality.

Description

Exposed rock mass plant again green planting matrix and multiple method for green
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of method that can satisfy the multiple green planting matrix of plantation of plant growing needs and be used for again green exposed rock mass, genus A01G1/00, C05G3/00, C09K17/00 make the field.
Background technology:
Publication number 1292988A, title " bed for planting vegetation on rock slope to protect it ", this planting matrix be the % meter by weight, and by greening base material 86~93, grass seed mix 1.5~4.0, stabilizing agent 5.0~10, an agent 0.4~1.0 are formed.Wherein, greening base material component is made up of plateau mud stone, clay, compost, potash fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, nitrogenous fertilizer, long-acting full price slow-release fertilizer, bio-fertilizer, quicklime, water-loss reducer, raw fiber, viscose rayon, sawdust; Grass seed mix is made up of cold season, warm formulation, fixed nitrogen type, pioneer's type and ornamental type; Stabilizing agent is a cationic emulsified bitumen; Granule agent is a kind of in polyacrylate, the polyacrylonitrile.It is not enough point: the planting matrix component is science not, and its grass seeds emergence rate is less than 50%.
Summary of the invention:
In the time of large-area these years development ﹠ construction; do not pay attention to the protection of ecotope, living environment; large-area stone ore is founded in many peri-urbans and main main line of communication both sides; add road, municipal administration, the energy, hydraulic engineering construction; it is domatic that it stays the large tracts of land excavation along the line inevitably; cause mountains in a range mountains in a range green hill to stay " scar " again and again; some is local or even riddled with gaping wounds; give ecotope, living environment; and investment environment brings extensive damage, becomes certain areas (the particularly south of the River, region following the line of the sea) difficult, the most maximum environmental problem at present.Exposed rock slope and construction back massifs such as traffic, municipal administration excavate the difficult problem that face rock slopes can not provide growth substrates such as the required soil of plant growing, fertilizer, water after solving mining, created artificial, safety, a suitable growing environment at former exposed rock mass face for plant, make it take root germination, deep-rooted rapidly, presenting green life, is final purpose of design of the present invention.
In order to realize purpose of design of the present invention, in the technical scheme design: the one, developed the green planting matrix of can the rock mass compatible planting again with rock mass, purpose provides a kind of can satisfy demand of plant growth, again can with the domatic compatible plant growing soil of rock mass; The 2nd, satisfying under the prerequisite of demand of plant growth, to have developed and be used for the exposed rock mass multiple method for green of planting, purpose guarantees that the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again not only can combine with rock mass slope stability ground, and guarantees the domatic survival rate of green plant again of rock mass.Its technical scheme: the 1. exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 60~80% loams, 10~25% clays, 3~6% cement or 2~6% adhesives, 0.2~0.5% composite fertilizer, 0.5~1.5% cake fertilizer, 0.5~2.5% water-loss reducer, 3~10% water and 1~5% organics additive at least.2. the exposed rock mass multiple method for green of planting, clear according to a conventional method rock descending grade, the scar finishing, beat anchor pile, domatic set, set up the layer of planting then, irrigation and drainage system is set, to be attached on the layer of planting by the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix shop of planting again, and specially set up kind of a plant hole at scar, after the plantation net is laid, planting again with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 constituted, to be attached to plantation online for the spray of green planting matrix slurry, sow grass seeds by duster behind the nutrient plant seed, cover with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix slurry of planting again again, after sunshade net or geotextiles film cover, maintenance, Cheng Ping, grow into forest.
The exposed rock mass that adopts the present invention the to realize green planting matrix of planting again, the one, the component science, pollution-free, cost is low, goes out shoot survival percent and reaches more than 90%, and is multiple green effective, solved that people want to solve for a long time and the difficult problem that not have solution; The 2nd, it is convenient to get material, has utilized agriculture waste materials such as straw, cavings, has realized twice laid; The 3rd, easy, the easy construction of technology is not subjected to seasonal effect, and speed of application is fast, and quality is good, has fundamentally played and has improved the ecological environment, improves the investment climate, and makes the harmonious co-existence between man and nature boundary.
Embodiment:
Embodiment 1: the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 80% loam, 10% clay, 3% cement or 2% adhesive, 0.5% composite fertilizer, 1.5% cake fertilizer, 0.5% water-loss reducer, 3% water and 1% organics additive at least.1% organics additive is equivalent to 3% ridge chaff or 2% straw muscle or 1% xylem fibre or 2% wood chip or 1% leaf of bamboo.Multiple green planting matrix is solid or liquid.
Embodiment 2: the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 60% loam, 25% clay, 6% cement or 6% adhesive, 0.2% composite fertilizer, 0.5% cake fertilizer, 2.5% water-loss reducer, 4% water and 1.8% organics additive at least.It is 3.5% ridge chaff or 2.2% straw muscle or 2.5% xylem fibre or 2.5% wood chip or 2% leaf of bamboo that 1.8% organics additive is equivalent to organics additive.
Embodiment 3: the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 60% loam, 17.5% clay, 4.5% cement or 4% adhesive, 0.35% composite fertilizer, 1.0% cake fertilizer, 1.5% water-loss reducer, 10% water and 5% organics additive at least.5% organics additive is equivalent to have 5% ridge chaff or 3% straw muscle or 5% xylem fibre or 5% wood chip or 3% leaf of bamboo.Multiple green planting matrix is solid or liquid.
Embodiment 4: the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 75% loam, 10% clay, 3% cement or 3% adhesive, 0.5% composite fertilizer, 0.5% cake fertilizer, 0.5% water-loss reducer, 7.5% water and 3% organics additive at least.3% organics additive is equivalent to 4% ridge chaff or 2.5% straw muscle or 3% xylem fibre or 3.5% wood chip or 1.5% leaf of bamboo.Multiple green planting matrix is the same.
Embodiment 5: the exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again, contain 60~78% loams, 10~25% clays, 3~6% yellow sands, 3~6% cement or 2~6% adhesives, 0.2~0.5% composite fertilizer, 0.5~1.5% cake fertilizer, 0.5~2.5% water-loss reducer, 3~10% water and 1~5% organics additive at least.Organics additive is 3~5% ridge chaffs or 2~3% straw muscle or 1~5% xylem fibre or 2~5% wood chips or 1~3% leaf of bamboo.In the present embodiment, the end points of its each composition makes up mutually and the value combination of intermediate value constitutes different embodiment respectively, and the method for its formation is as embodiment 1~4.So be not described herein at this.Multiple green planting matrix is solid or liquid.
Embodiment 6: the exposed rock mass multiple method for green of planting, clear according to a conventional method rock descending grade, the scar finishing, beat anchor pile, domatic set, set up the layer of planting then (with stake, steel wire, straw or straw rope support are established the layer of planting), irrigation and drainage system is set, to be attached on the layer of planting by the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix shop of planting again, and specially set up kind of a plant hole structure (using concrete casting) at scar, after the plantation net is laid, planting again with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 constituted, to be attached to plantation online for the spray of green planting matrix slurry, sow grass seeds by duster behind the nutrient plant seed, cover with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix slurry of planting again again, after top sunshade net or geotextiles film cover, maintenance, Cheng Ping, grow into forest.Above-mentioned technology can be adjusted accordingly according to the situation on rock slope or simplify.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of exposed rock mass green planting matrix of planting again is characterized in that: contain 60~78% loams, 10~25% clays, 3~6% cement or 2~6% adhesives, 0.2~0.5% composite fertilizer, 0.5~1.5% cake fertilizer, 0.5~2.5% water-loss reducer, 3~10% water and 1~5% organics additive at least.
2, the exposed rock mass according to claim 1 green planting matrix of planting again, it is characterized in that: organics additive is 3~5% ridge chaffs or 2~3% straw muscle or 1~5% xylem fibre or 2~5% wood chips or 1~3% leaf of bamboo.
3, the exposed rock mass according to claim 1 green planting matrix of planting again is characterized in that: can contain 3~6% yellow sands in the claim 1.
4, the exposed rock mass according to claim 1 green planting matrix of planting again is characterized in that: multiple green planting matrix is solid or liquid.
5, a kind of exposed rock mass multiple method for green of planting, it is characterized in that: clear according to a conventional method rock descending grade, the scar finishing, beat anchor pile, domatic set, set up the layer of planting then, irrigation and drainage system is set, to be attached on the layer of planting by the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix shop of planting again, and specially set up kind of a plant hole at scar, after the plantation net is laid, planting again with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 constituted, to be attached to plantation online for the spray of green planting matrix slurry, sow grass seeds by duster behind the nutrient plant seed, cover with the exposed rock mass that claim 1 the constituted green planting matrix slurry of planting again again, after sunshade net or geotextiles film cover, maintenance, Cheng Ping, grow into forest.
CNB021204233A 2002-05-23 2002-05-23 Greening plantation medium for bare rock mass and its usage in greening Expired - Fee Related CN1175719C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CNB021204233A CN1175719C (en) 2002-05-23 2002-05-23 Greening plantation medium for bare rock mass and its usage in greening

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CN1175719C true CN1175719C (en) 2004-11-17

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1308417C (en) * 2003-07-07 2007-04-04 叶建军 Formulation of soil and basis material for plant revegetation
CN102257945A (en) * 2010-10-30 2011-11-30 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Wicker basket hole fixing planting method for mine side slope
CN102257944A (en) * 2010-10-30 2011-11-30 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Moisture and fertility preserving tree planting bag pit fixing planting method for mine side slope
CN102498875B (en) * 2011-11-01 2013-03-06 北京师范大学 Method for constructing shrub and grass plant communities on rocky slope and application thereof
CN103081669A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 天津市北方园林生态科学技术研究所 Protection method of vegetation on side slopes on two sides of railway
CN102630442A (en) * 2011-12-30 2012-08-15 宜春市林业科学研究所 Method for artificially greening bare hills
CN103283351A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-11 曹世雄 Slope collapse jetting forestation method
CN104892118A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-09 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 Spray-seeding matrix and production method thereof
CN106193067B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-02-27 江苏绿岩生态技术股份有限公司 A kind of plant pad Ecological Retaining Wall and its method for mine phytoremediation
CN108575649A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-09-28 合肥雪立歆农业科技有限公司 A method of planting heartsease on slope of rock mass
CN110839507A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-02-28 内蒙古蒙草生态环境(集团)股份有限公司 Soil-rock mixed slope spray-seeding matrix and preparation method thereof

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