CN1175534A - Solar moped - Google Patents

Solar moped Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1175534A
CN1175534A CN97106559A CN97106559A CN1175534A CN 1175534 A CN1175534 A CN 1175534A CN 97106559 A CN97106559 A CN 97106559A CN 97106559 A CN97106559 A CN 97106559A CN 1175534 A CN1175534 A CN 1175534A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
motor
storage battery
charging
solar energy
Prior art date
Application number
CN97106559A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘新海
刘明德
Original Assignee
中国船舶工业总公司第七研究院第七一一研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国船舶工业总公司第七研究院第七一一研究所 filed Critical 中国船舶工业总公司第七研究院第七一一研究所
Priority to CN97106559A priority Critical patent/CN1175534A/en
Publication of CN1175534A publication Critical patent/CN1175534A/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

A solar motor-assisted byke is composed of solar module and electric motor. The charge and discharge controller and speed regulator are arranged between solar module and motor. Solar accumulator is connected to said controller. It features no over-discharge, no over-charge, and longer service life of accumulator.

Description

Solar moped
The present invention relates to use solar power as vehicle power, particularly a kind of solar moped.
At present, people are except that using the major impetus of fuel as vehicle, and also useful solar power is as the power of vehicle, as solar car and solar cell bicycle etc., its power is to become electric energy by solar energy converting, and uses the electric energy drive motor, by the driven by motor vehicle '.(this bicycle publication is in the Shanghai Xinmin Evening News on February 14th, 1997 for first Electronic bicycle of solar energy making as Nanjing Aero-Space University, and with content and the photo published, duplicating portion encloses), this car drives by the electric energy that the solar panel that props up on bicycle provides, fine day can continue to travel, and the cloudy day travels by the electric energy driving that storage battery provides, and its dynamic structure is made of solar panel, storage battery and motor.This dynamic structure, contain because of not implementing actv. with it to the deep discharge that produces in the motor-driven overcharging of storage battery, so it is totally unfavorable to its service life, this electric bike battery generally can only use once changing to 2 years needs, so it has formed serious secondary pollution to environment, also increased the cost and the service expenditure of vehicle, like this, it just lacks the market competitiveness.
In view of this, purpose of the present invention is to design a kind of when solar energy module charges to solar storage battery, can not produce and overcharge, when solar storage battery provides electric energy to motor, deep discharge can not take place yet, and can make full use of the solar moped of solar power luminous energy.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved in that
The present invention is a kind of solar moped, comprises solar energy module and motor, is linked to each other by lead between solar energy module and the motor, and is contained on the mini-motorcycle; Between solar energy module and motor, be provided with charging-discharging controller and governor, and it be connected together with lead; At the input end of charging-discharging controller, link to each other with the mouth of solar energy module by lead, and the mouth of governor is linked to each other by lead with the input end of motor.On the mouth of charging-discharging controller, also be connected to solar storage battery by lead.The SLR series of products that charging-discharging controller system adopts German RAP RISS micro-system Co., Ltd to produce in 1996 are as SLR114 type or the like.
The principle of charging-discharging controller and function: see also Fig. 3; shown in 4; when the same day, illumination was penetrated; solar energy module 2 produces electric energy; select rated voltage (12V to 24V) by discharging and recharging regulating control 13; electric current is through automatic change over controller 17 of feed source and load automatic switch controller 18; make load 8 be subjected to solar energy module 2 direct feeds; simultaneously the diverter 14 by having the overcharge protective effect with the pulse charging method of 100HZ inversion frequency to solar storage battery 9 chargings; with regulating producer 10 control and regulation voltage device (P01) 23 and deep discharge protectors (P02) 24; through amplifier 11; by electronics tracker 15 control charging and deep discharge threshold values; utilize temperature sensor (KTY881 type) 12, by electronics tracker 15 charging valtage is adjusted with-4.5mV ℃ according to the storage battery external temperature.When night, all the time illumination was penetrated, promptly do not have solar energy module 2 direct feeds, then solar storage battery by the automatic change over controller 17 of feed source and load automatic switch controller 18 to load 8 feeds (annotate: this charging-discharging controller have isolation diode have stop storage battery night or all the time according to the time function by the solar energy module discharge).In case when feed voltage was lower than the deep discharge threshold value, load automatic switch controller 18 cut off load 8, to avoid current loss.When feed voltage was higher than the initial threshold value of deep discharge protection connection, the contact 19 that automatically resets was reruned charging-discharging controller.When day, irradiation was not enough, when both solar energy module direct feed was not enough to supply load 8, then its insufficient section was given load 8 by solar storage battery 9 by automatic change over controller 17 of feed source and load automatic switch controller 18 feeds.
Charging-discharging controller 4 gives operation function by red and green two light-emitting diodes and shows:
(1) green bright: 9 chargings of 2 pairs of storage batterys of solar energy module.
(2) green dark: night or solar energy module 2 are interrupted, storage battery 9 full electric charges.
(3) red bright: storage battery 9 voltages<11.0 (22.0V), load current is cut off.
(4) red dark: storage battery 9 voltages>12.5 (25.0V), load current is switched on.
In the time of Ta=25 ℃, the technical data of SLR114
Rated voltage ????12V ????24V
The control voltage of being regulated ????14.1V ????28.2V
Adjustable solar energy module power ????260W ????520W
The deep discharge protection threshold value that opens circuit ????11.0V ????22.0V
The beginning threshold value is connected in the deep discharge protection ????12.5V ????25.0V
Maximum input voltage ????27V ????50V
Maximum solar energy module electric current ????16A
The maximum load continuous current ????16A
Disregard current loss in the light-emitting diode ????<2MA
Allowable temperature scope (Ta) ????-15℃~+50℃
Solar powered situation: solar energy module is powered to motor by day; perhaps to battery charge; perhaps when solar energy module and storage battery are powered to motor simultaneously; perhaps when night, storage battery was powered to motor; can not overcharge or the deep discharge situation; like this solar storage battery and motor are played a protective role; prolonged the service life of solar storage battery, and through evidence: service life of solar storage battery of using the charging-discharging controller electric supply installation is than prolonging more than five times in service life of the storage battery that does not use charging-discharging controller.Governor is used for controlling rotating speed of motor, and when vehicle quickened, it is little that governor is in resistance, and electric current is big, and motor speed is accelerated; Otherwise when car retardation, it is big that governor is in resistance, and electric current is little, and motor speed is slowed down.
The present invention compared with prior art, its advantage: because charging-discharging controller can guarantee at solar energy module during to battery charge, the situation of can not overcharging, separately when motor power, also the deep discharge situation can not take place at the associating of solar energy module and storage battery or storage battery, maintenance is to the steady electricity supply of motor, make storage battery be in work under the stabilized conditions, so the damage to storage battery is less, so prolong its service life, light source of solar energy is further utilized simultaneously.
The present invention can also obtain further instruction from the following drawings and embodiment:
Fig. 1, be the backsight overall schematic of the present invention in the place ahead, right side.
Fig. 2, be engine installation structural arrangement scheme drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 3, be charging-discharging controller principle block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4, be 114 type product plan structure scheme drawings in the charging-discharging controller SLR series of the present invention.
The drawing explanation
The 1-mini-motorcycle, 2-solar energy module, 3-lead; the 4-charging-discharging controller, 5-governor, 6-motor; the 7-transmission device, 8-load (being back wheels of vehicle), 9-storage battery; 10-regulates producer, 11-amplifier, 12-temperature sensor; 13-discharges and recharges regulating control; the 14-diverter, 15-electronics tracker, 16-function telltale; the automatic change over controller of 17-feed source; 18-load automatic switch controller, the 19-contact that automatically resets, the 20-touch block; the 21-redness is the load light-emitting diode; 22 greens are charging light-emitting diodes, 23-regulating voltage device (P01), 24-deep discharge protector (P02); 25-rated voltage select switch; the 26-load-relay, 27-wire fuse (15A), 28-R19 (when using KTY881, cancelling).
Below by accompanying drawing embodiments of the invention are described in detail:
The present invention is that a kind of two-wheeled is solar moped, as shown in Figure 1, 2, by solar energy module 2, charging-discharging controller (being the SLR114 type) 4, governor 5 and motor 6, by lead 3 it is connected as a body respectively successively, and the mouth of the input end of the mouth of motor 6 and transmission device 7 and transmission device 7 and load (being back wheels of vehicle) 8, the three uses chain (or V-belt) to be connected respectively, at another mouth of charging-discharging controller 4, be connected with solar storage battery 9 by lead 3 and form.Solar energy module 2 is contained in respectively on the left and right sides of front and rear of mini-motorcycle 1 vehicle body, and charging-discharging controller 4, governor 5, motor 6, transmission device 7 and solar storage battery 9 are contained in respectively on the body bottom section of mini-motorcycle 1.Governor 5, its model is the DK-1 type, is that common speed governing is grown up to be a useful person.
Solar energy module 2 electric power thus supplied: at fine day, during solar moped travelling, its electric energy by solar energy module 2 through charging-discharging controller 4, governor 5 to motor 6, directly input to motor 6, motor 6 is rotated, and the high rotating speed of motor 6 drives load (being the trailing wheel of car) 8 after transmission device 7 slows down, and then car begins to travel.During the cloudy day, can through charging-discharging controller 4, converge above-mentioned supply current by solar storage battery 8 output electric currents, to motor 6, power supply machine 6 uses through governor 5.At night, solar moped 1 travels, and its electric energy is only provided by solar storage battery 9.Do not use when daytime is solar moped, the electric current of solar energy module 2 then, by lead 3 through charging-discharging controller 4 to solar storage battery 9, it is charged.
In addition, solar moped 1, except that above-mentioned supply line, can also be connected with governor 5 by lead 3 by solar energy module 2, then electric current through governor 5 to motor 6, make motor 6 rotations, and drive back wheels of vehicle (being load) 8, make solar moped 1 to begin to travel through transmission device 7.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of solar moped, comprise solar energy module (2) and motor (6), be connected with lead (3) between solar energy module (2) and the motor (6), and be contained on the mini-motorcycle (1), it is characterized in that: between solar energy module (2) and motor (6), be provided with charging-discharging controller (4) and governor (5), and it is connected together with lead (3), input end in charging-discharging controller (4), link to each other by the mouth of lead (3), and the mouth of governor (5) is linked to each other by lead (3) with the input end of motor (6) with solar energy module (2).
2, according to claim 1 solar moped, it is characterized in that: on the mouth of charging-discharging controller (4), also be connected to solar storage battery (9) by lead (3).
CN97106559A 1997-08-15 1997-08-15 Solar moped CN1175534A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN97106559A CN1175534A (en) 1997-08-15 1997-08-15 Solar moped

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN97106559A CN1175534A (en) 1997-08-15 1997-08-15 Solar moped

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1175534A true CN1175534A (en) 1998-03-11

Family

ID=5168791

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN97106559A CN1175534A (en) 1997-08-15 1997-08-15 Solar moped

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1175534A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1317145C (en) * 2004-08-27 2007-05-23 吴琦 Electric vehicle with solar energy compensation
CN104494453A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-08 湖州佳力机电科技有限公司 Solar electric motorcycle
CN105000105A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-28 新昌县超燕新能源车业有限公司 Novel photoelectric electric vehicle
CN107097655A (en) * 2017-04-04 2017-08-29 郝希忠 Energy-saving electric vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1317145C (en) * 2004-08-27 2007-05-23 吴琦 Electric vehicle with solar energy compensation
CN104494453A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-08 湖州佳力机电科技有限公司 Solar electric motorcycle
CN105000105A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-10-28 新昌县超燕新能源车业有限公司 Novel photoelectric electric vehicle
CN107097655A (en) * 2017-04-04 2017-08-29 郝希忠 Energy-saving electric vehicle

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6308639B1 (en) Hybrid battery/gas turbine locomotive
US5418437A (en) Motor vehicle drive system for a motor vehicle having an electric motor system, and a method of operating said drive system
CN101356707B (en) Energy storage system for electric or hybrid vehicle
EP2195533B1 (en) Solar charged hybrid power system
US8022674B2 (en) State of charge control method and systems for vehicles
US6484830B1 (en) Hybrid electric vehicle
CA2254028C (en) Hybrid electric vehicle with traction motor drive allocated between battery and auxiliary source depending upon battery charge state
US7252165B1 (en) Hybrid electric vehicle
US6668954B2 (en) Electric hybrid vehicle
RU2389618C2 (en) Hybrid power plant (versions) and control method of hybrid power plant power (versions)
US7267191B2 (en) System and method for battery protection strategy for hybrid electric vehicles
US7434636B2 (en) Power system for electric and hybrid vehicles
RU2538906C2 (en) Hybrid transport facility control device
US7183746B1 (en) Cart charge system
US5495906A (en) Controller of hybrid electric vehicle
AU658992B2 (en) Vehicle drive system
US8453770B2 (en) Dual motor drive and control system for an electric vehicle
CN102951037B (en) Multimode automatic switching method for energy control strategies of extended-range electric vehicle
CN205554092U (en) DCDC converter, battery energy management system and hybrid vehicle
US20060113127A1 (en) Power system for dual-motor hybrid vehicle
US6275004B1 (en) System for battery module balancing via variable voltage DC-DC converter in a hybrid-electric powertrain
CN201951268U (en) Power device for fuel power generation extended range electric vehicle
US6127798A (en) Electric power supply having two electrical battery storage means for vehicles and other applications
CN201511838U (en) Solar electric vehicle
CN104139709B (en) A kind of control system of fuel cell stroke lengthening unit and control method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C01 Deemed withdrawal of patent application (patent law 1993)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication