CN116550844B - Stamping device and stamping method for machining motor end cover - Google Patents

Stamping device and stamping method for machining motor end cover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116550844B
CN116550844B CN202310843491.5A CN202310843491A CN116550844B CN 116550844 B CN116550844 B CN 116550844B CN 202310843491 A CN202310843491 A CN 202310843491A CN 116550844 B CN116550844 B CN 116550844B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
punch
stamping
motor
sleeve
driving
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CN202310843491.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116550844A (en
Inventor
袁建文
袁翊珉
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Changzhou Wujin Longben Metal Die Casting Co ltd
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Changzhou Wujin Longben Metal Die Casting Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310843491.5A priority Critical patent/CN116550844B/en
Publication of CN116550844A publication Critical patent/CN116550844A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D22/00Shaping without cutting, by stamping, spinning, or deep-drawing
    • B21D22/02Stamping using rigid devices or tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/04Movable or exchangeable mountings for tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/08Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/20Storage arrangements; Piling or unpiling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/14Casings; Enclosures; Supports
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of stamping equipment, and provides a stamping device for processing an end cover of a motor and a stamping method thereof, wherein the stamping device comprises a stamping bracket, a rotary supporting sleeve is rotatably arranged in the stamping bracket, a first punch and a second punch are respectively arranged at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve, the rotary supporting sleeve can control the first punch and the second punch to rotate, and the punches are selected according to requirements; a conveying table is arranged on one side of the stamping support, a pushing cylinder is arranged at one end of the conveying table, a receiving frame is arranged on one side of the conveying table corresponding to the pushing direction of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder, and the stamped parts are collected; the rotary supporting sleeve is in transmission connection with the stamping driving shaft, the first punch and the second punch are symmetrically and slidably arranged on two sides of the stamping driving shaft, the belt wheel motor is utilized to drive the rotary supporting sleeve to rotate, the positions of the first punch and the second punch are switched, the limitation of the punch model specification is avoided, the limitation of the sleeving structure is avoided, the stamping duration is prolonged, and the machining efficiency is improved.

Description

Stamping device and stamping method for machining motor end cover
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of stamping equipment, in particular to a stamping device and a stamping method for machining an end cover of a motor.
Background
Motor end cap: is the cover of the motor housing. The motor end cover is formed by stamping a whole piece of metal, so that stamping equipment is needed in processing and production.
The utility model provides a stamping forming device for processing of motor end cover that publication No. "CN110328269A" provided, including equipment rack and workstation, the workstation is installed the middle part of equipment rack, the die head is installed to the top of workstation, the die head is connected with first punching press pole, the output of first jacking cylinder is installed to first punching press pole, the workstation includes punching press base and two conveyer belts that length is greater than punching press base, punching press base's middle part sets up stamping die. Through set up the conveyer belt in stamping die's both sides, be equipped with symmetrical magnet piece on the conveyer belt, the panel of being processed can be adsorbed to the magnet piece, and the operating personnel need not directly place the panel on stamping die when placing the machined part like this, can place the panel between two magnet pieces earlier, carries stamping die position along with the conveyer belt, presses the die head to carry out stamping processing again, avoids the finger to touch stamping die, makes stamping operation safer.
However, the following problems remain in the implementation of the above device and the prior art:
1. the large punch sleeve is sleeved outside the small punch and is only used for the punch with matched shape and model, if the die to be punched is not matched, the large punch sleeve cannot be sleeved, and the die head are replaced to change the processing mode, so that time is wasted, the efficiency is reduced, and the processing cost of the motor end cover is increased;
2. existing stamping equipment lacks the collection device of part, needs artifical unloading, when having the potential safety hazard, runs into great spare part, and the manual work consumption is great.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a stamping device and a stamping method for processing an end cover of a motor, so as to solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
the stamping device for machining the motor end cover comprises a stamping support, wherein a rotary supporting sleeve is rotatably installed in the stamping support, a first punch and a second punch are respectively arranged at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve, the rotary supporting sleeve can control the first punch and the second punch to rotate, and the punches are selected according to requirements;
a conveying table is arranged on one side of the stamping support, a pushing cylinder is arranged at one end of the conveying table, a receiving frame is arranged on one side of the conveying table corresponding to the pushing direction of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder, and the stamped parts are collected;
the rotary supporting sleeve is internally provided with a transmission part, the rotary supporting sleeve is in transmission connection with a stamping driving shaft, and the first punch and the second punch are symmetrically and slidably arranged on two sides of the stamping driving shaft;
a driving assembly is arranged between the stamping support and the rotary supporting sleeve, the driving assembly comprises a first synchronous belt pulley, a second synchronous belt pulley and a belt pulley motor, the first synchronous belt pulley is fixedly arranged at the output shaft end of the belt pulley motor, the belt pulley motor is fixedly arranged at the inner bottom surface of the stamping support, the second synchronous belt pulley is fixedly connected with the top of the stamping driving shaft, and the first synchronous belt pulley is in transmission connection with the second synchronous belt pulley;
a cavity is formed in the rotary supporting sleeve, a driving gear is fixedly installed in the cavity, a driven gear is fixedly installed on the surface of the stamping driving shaft and positioned in the cavity, a transition gear is connected between the driving gear and the driven gear in a transmission manner, a second one-way coupler is arranged between the rotary supporting sleeve and a second synchronous pulley, a driving wheel is integrally formed by the second synchronous pulley, and a first one-way coupler is arranged between the driving wheel and the stamping driving shaft;
the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve is fixedly provided with a punch mounting plate, the bottom of the punch mounting plate is symmetrically provided with a connecting sleeve, a first spring is fixedly arranged in the connecting sleeve, a punch connecting shaft is slidably arranged in the connecting sleeve, one end of the punch connecting shaft is fixedly provided with a limiting plate, the limiting plate and the inner top surface of the connecting sleeve are fixedly connected with the first spring, and the first punch and the second punch are respectively fixedly arranged at the bottoms of the two groups of connecting sleeves;
the novel punching press drive shaft comprises a punching press drive shaft, and is characterized in that a punching press drive screw is fixedly connected to the bottom of the punching press drive shaft, an internal thread sleeve is connected to the surface of the punching press drive screw in a threaded manner, a linkage ring is arranged between two groups of connecting sleeves, the internal thread sleeve is rotatably arranged in the linkage ring, linkage rods are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the outer wall of the linkage ring, a guide groove is formed in one side of each connecting sleeve, one end of each linkage rod is slidably arranged in the guide groove, and the linkage rods are fixedly connected with a punch connecting shaft.
Preferably, the conveying table comprises two groups of side plates, conveying rollers are arranged between the side plates in an array mode at equal intervals, parts to be punched are placed on the upper surfaces of the conveying rollers, the parts can be supported, the parts after being punched can be conveyed to the next production process, one end of the conveying table is located on the outer wall of the side plate, a motor support plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the side plate, a pushing cylinder is fixedly arranged on one side of the motor support plate, a pushing plate is fixedly arranged at the end of an output shaft of the motor support plate, and one side of the pushing plate is elastically connected with a buffer plate through a third spring.
Preferably, the conveying table is fixedly connected with a material guiding frame on one side far away from the material pushing cylinder, a photoelectric sensor mounting frame is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the material guiding frame, and a photoelectric sensor is fixedly arranged in the photoelectric sensor mounting frame.
Preferably, two groups of telescopic supporting legs and two groups of jacking cylinders are symmetrically arranged at the bottom diagonal positions of the material receiving frame respectively, the jacking cylinders are electrically connected with the photoelectric sensor, the output shaft ends of the jacking cylinders are fixedly connected with the outer bottom surface of the material receiving frame, and the tailstock of the jacking cylinders is fastened to the ground through bolts.
Preferably, the telescopic support leg comprises a support leg sleeve and a support leg which is slidably arranged in the support leg sleeve, a connecting plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the support leg, the connecting plate is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the material collecting frame, and a second spring is fixedly connected between one end of the support leg and the inner bottom surface of the support leg sleeve.
The stamping method for machining the motor end cover is based on the stamping device for machining the motor end cover, and comprises the following steps of:
s1: firstly, selecting a corresponding punch according to the processing requirement of a part, starting a belt wheel motor to rotate positively, driving a rotary supporting sleeve to rotate, driving a punch mounting plate at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve to rotate a first punch or a second punch to the position above a conveying table, and preparing for punching;
s2: placing the parts to be processed on the surface of a conveying roller of a conveying table, and starting the conveying table to convey the parts to the lower part of the punch;
s3: the belt wheel motor is started to rotate reversely, and the belt wheel motor rotates reversely to drive the stamping driving shaft to rotate due to the arrangement of the first unidirectional coupling and the second unidirectional coupling;
s4: the belt wheel motor rotates reversely to drive the punch to ascend, and after the punch is separated from the part, the conveying table is started to convey the parts to the corresponding end of the material receiving frame, the material pushing cylinder is started to convey the parts into the material receiving frame through the material guiding frame;
s5: and when the parts are conveyed to the pushing cylinder on the material guide frame, the jacking cylinder is started by utilizing the sensing signals of the photoelectric sensor, the material receiving frame is lifted, the stamped parts are received, and the parts are collected.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, one side of the stamping support is provided with a group of conveying tables, so that the conveying tables are utilized to realize the supporting of parts, and the stamped parts can be conveyed in a feeding and discharging manner, so that the potential safety hazard of manual operation is avoided;
2. according to the invention, the rotary supporting sleeve is rotationally arranged in the stamping bracket, the punch mounting plate is connected with the rotary supporting sleeve, the first punch and the second punch are symmetrically arranged below the punch mounting plate, the rotary supporting sleeve is driven to rotate by the belt wheel motor, the positions of the first punch and the second punch are switched, the limitation of the type specification of the punch is avoided, the limitation of the sleeving structure is avoided, the stamping time is prolonged, and the processing efficiency is improved;
3. a group of pushing cylinders and a receiving frame for collecting parts are arranged on one side of the conveying table, and after the parts are processed, the parts are pushed into the receiving frame by the pushing cylinders, so that the collection of the parts is completed;
4. the inside cavity that is provided with of rotation support cover has set gradually drive gear, transition gear and driven gear in the cavity, not only can increase the transmission structure of rotation support cover and punching press drive shaft, simultaneously, when rotation support cover is rotatory, through the transmission of above-mentioned gear, drives punching press drive screw and rotates, and the switching of first drift and second drift at every turn can drive punching press drive screw and rotate, before the punching press, drives first drift or second drift and descends one section stroke, shortens punching press duration, improves punching press efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a front view perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a rear view perspective of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a bottom view perspective of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a telescopic leg according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a rotary support sleeve of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic bottom perspective view of the punch mounting plate of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional perspective view of a connecting sleeve according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. stamping a bracket; 2. rotating the supporting sleeve; 3. a drive assembly; 4. stamping a driving shaft; 5. a punch mounting plate; 6. a punch connecting shaft; 7. a first punch; 8. a second punch; 9. a conveying table; 901-conveying rollers; 10. a pushing cylinder; 11. a material guiding frame; 12. a motor support plate; 13. a material receiving frame; 14. a photoelectric sensor; 15. a telescopic support leg; 16. jacking the air cylinder; 17. a photoelectric sensor mounting rack; 18. a drive gear; 19. a transition gear; 20. a driven gear; 301. a first synchronous pulley; 302. a second synchronous pulley; 303. a belt wheel motor; 304. a driving wheel; 305. a first one-way coupling; 306. a second one-way coupling; 1501. a leg sleeve; 1502. a second spring; 1503. a support leg; 1504. a connecting plate; 21. stamping a driving screw; 22. a linkage ring; 23. an internal thread sleeve; 24. a linkage rod; 25. connecting sleeves; 26. a limiting plate; 27. a first spring; 28. a guide groove; 29. a push plate; 30. a buffer plate; 31. and a third spring.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, the present invention provides a technical solution: stamping device is used in processing of motor end cover:
referring to fig. 1, a stamping device for machining an end cover of a motor includes a stamping support 1, a rotary support sleeve 2 is rotatably mounted in the stamping support 1, a first punch 7 and a second punch 8 are respectively disposed at the bottom of the rotary support sleeve 2, a driving component 3 is disposed between the stamping support 1 and the rotary support sleeve 2, the rotary support sleeve 2 can control the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 to rotate, in this embodiment, the driving component 3 is started to drive the rotary support sleeve 2, and since the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 are symmetrically disposed on the bottom surface of a punch mounting plate 5, the rotary support sleeve 2 rotates 180 ° to select the punches as required, the punch mounting structure in this embodiment is not limited by the types of the punches, the punches can be switched, and meanwhile, the switching device is not limited by the punches, and the application range of the whole device is increased.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 5, the driving assembly 3 includes a first synchronous pulley 301, a second synchronous pulley 302 and a pulley motor 303, wherein the first synchronous pulley 301 is fixedly mounted at an output shaft end of the pulley motor 303, the pulley motor 303 is fixedly mounted at an inner bottom surface of the stamping bracket 1, the second synchronous pulley 302 is fixedly connected with a top of the stamping driving shaft 4, and the first synchronous pulley 301 is in transmission connection with the second synchronous pulley 302. A second unidirectional coupling 306 is arranged between the rotary support sleeve 2 and the second synchronous pulley 302, a driving wheel 304 is integrally formed on the second synchronous pulley 302, a first unidirectional coupling 305 is arranged between the driving wheel 304 and the punching drive shaft 4, in this embodiment, the second synchronous pulley 302 and the driving wheel 304 which are integrally formed are connected with the second synchronous pulley 302 and the rotary support sleeve 2 by the second unidirectional coupling 306, the driving wheel 304 and the punching drive shaft 4 are connected with the first unidirectional coupling 305, the punching drive shaft 4 is rotatably connected with the rotary support sleeve 2, when the pulley motor 303 is set to rotate positively, the rotary support sleeve 2 can be driven to rotate by the second synchronous pulley 302, after rotating 180 degrees, the positions of the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 can be switched, and when the first punch 7 or the second punch 8 rotates to the position above the conveying table 9, the punching position of parts is reached.
Referring to fig. 5, a transmission part is disposed in the rotary supporting sleeve 2, in this embodiment, the transmission part includes a driving gear 18, a transition gear 19 and a driven gear 20, the rotary supporting sleeve 2 is in transmission connection with the stamping driving shaft 4, and the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 are symmetrically and slidably mounted on two sides of the stamping driving shaft 4. The rotary support sleeve 2 is internally provided with a cavity, a driving gear 18 is fixedly installed in the cavity, a driven gear 20 is fixedly installed on the surface of the stamping driving shaft 4 and located in the cavity, a transition gear 19 is connected between the driving gear 18 and the driven gear 20 in a transmission mode, the rotary support sleeve 2 is internally provided with a transmission structure of the rotary support sleeve and the stamping driving shaft, meanwhile, when the rotary support sleeve rotates, the rotary support sleeve sequentially passes through the driving gear 18, the transition gear 19 and the driven gear 20 in transmission mode, the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 are switched to drive the stamping driving screw 21 to rotate, and therefore the first punch 7 or the second punch 8 is driven to descend for one section of stroke before stamping, the downward movement time of the stamping punch is shortened, the complete stamping time is shortened to be as low as possible, and the stamping efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 5, 6 and 7, the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve 2 is fixedly provided with a punch mounting plate 5, the bottom of the punch mounting plate 5 is symmetrically provided with a connecting sleeve 25, a first spring 27 is fixedly installed in the connecting sleeve 25, a punch connecting shaft 6 is slidably installed in the connecting sleeve 25, one end of the punch connecting shaft 6 is fixedly provided with a limiting plate 26, the limiting plate 26 and the inner top surface of the connecting sleeve 25 are fixedly connected with the first spring 27, and the first punch 7 and the second punch 8 are respectively fixedly installed at the bottoms of the two groups of connecting sleeves 25. The bottom of the stamping driving shaft 4 is fixedly connected with a stamping driving screw 21, the surface of the stamping driving screw 21 is in threaded connection with an internal thread sleeve 23, a linkage ring 22 is arranged between two groups of connecting sleeves 25, the internal thread sleeve 23 is rotatably installed in the linkage ring 22, two sides of the outer wall of the linkage ring 22 are symmetrically provided with a linkage rod 24, one side of the connecting sleeve 25 is provided with a guide groove 28, one end of the linkage rod 24 is slidably installed in the guide groove 28, the linkage rod 24 is fixedly connected with a punch connecting shaft 6, in this embodiment, when a belt wheel motor 303 rotates reversely, the stamping driving shaft 4 is driven to drive the stamping driving screw 21 to rotate, the linkage ring 22 is driven to move along with the rotation of the internal thread sleeve 23, and therefore the punch connecting shaft 6 and the punch connected with the linkage rod 24 are driven to move downwards to stamp parts.
Referring to fig. 1, a conveying table 9 is arranged at one side of a stamping bracket 1, a pushing cylinder 10 is arranged at one end of the conveying table 9, a receiving frame 13 is arranged at one side of the conveying table 9 corresponding to the pushing direction of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder 10, and the stamped parts are collected; in this embodiment, the conveying table 9 is provided to convey the parts, so that not only can the parts be fed and discharged, but also the punched parts on one side of the conveying table 9 are pushed into the material receiving frame 13 by the pushing cylinder 10. The conveying table 9 comprises two groups of side plates, conveying rollers 901 are arranged between the side plates in a rotating and equidistant array mode, parts to be punched are placed on the upper surface of the conveying rollers 901, the parts can be supported, the parts after being punched can be conveyed to the next production process, a motor support plate 12 is fixedly arranged on one end of the conveying table 9, located on the outer wall of each side plate, of the conveying table, a pushing cylinder 10 is fixedly arranged on one side of the motor support plate 12, a push plate 29 is fixedly arranged at the output shaft end of the motor support plate 12, and one side of the push plate 29 is elastically connected with a buffer plate 30 through a third spring 31. The material guiding frame 11 is fixedly connected to one side, away from the pushing cylinder 10, of the conveying table 9, in this embodiment, a push plate 29 is arranged on one side of the pushing cylinder 10, so that the contact area between the telescopic rod end of the pushing cylinder 10 and parts is increased, and the limitation of the specifications of the parts is avoided.
Referring to fig. 2, in the second embodiment, when the components are pushed into the receiving frame 13 by the pushing cylinder 10, because the subsequent components are more and more, the components may be damaged by the collision between the components when the guiding frame 11 falls into the receiving frame 13, so that the embodiment is provided, specifically including the guiding frame 11 with the bottom fixedly mounted with the photoelectric sensor mounting frame 17, and the photoelectric sensor mounting frame 17 with the photoelectric sensor 14 fixedly mounted therein. Two groups of telescopic supporting legs 15 and two groups of jacking cylinders 16 are symmetrically arranged at the bottom diagonal positions of the material receiving frame 13 respectively, the jacking cylinders 16 are electrically connected with the photoelectric sensor 14, the output shaft ends of the jacking cylinders 16 are fixedly connected with the outer bottom surface of the material receiving frame 13, the bottom surfaces of the telescopic supporting legs 15 and the tail seats of the jacking cylinders 16 are fastened on the ground through bolts, when the photoelectric sensor 14 sends out signals, it is monitored that parts are about to fall into the material receiving frame 13, the jacking cylinders 16 are started to lift the material receiving frame 13, the jacking cylinders are lifted as much as possible, the distance between the parts in the material receiving frame 13 and the parts about to go downstairs is as small as possible, and collision between the parts is reduced.
The telescopic support leg 15 includes support leg sleeve 1501 and slidable mounting in support leg sleeve 1501's support leg 1503, support leg 1503 top fixed mounting has connecting plate 1504, connecting plate 1504 and receipts material frame 13 bottom surface fixed connection, fixedly connected with second spring 1502 between support leg 1503 one end and the support leg sleeve 1501 inner bottom surface, because when jacking cylinder 16 acts, receive material frame 13 can the lifting certain stroke, consequently only need set up telescopic support leg 15 and carry out lifting fit, when rising, support leg 1503 tensile second spring 1502 rises, when the whereabouts, second spring 1502 provides the buffer force for the whereabouts when compressed.
Working principle: in the using process of the device, corresponding punches are selected according to the stamping requirements of parts, the belt wheel motor 303 positively rotates to drive the rotary supporting sleeve 2 to rotate, the punch mounting plate 5 at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve 2 can be driven, and the first punch 7 or the second punch 8 is rotated to the position above the conveying table 9 to prepare for stamping; when the conveying table 9 conveys the parts to the lower part of the punch, the belt wheel motor 303 is started to rotate reversely, and due to the arrangement of the first unidirectional coupling 305 and the second unidirectional coupling 306, the belt wheel motor 303 rotates reversely to drive the punching driving shaft 4 to rotate, the rotary supporting sleeve 2 does not rotate at the moment, the punching driving screw 21 rotates, the internal thread sleeve 23 is driven to drive the linkage ring 22 to slide vertically along the punching driving screw 21, so that the punch is driven to press downwards, and the punching operation is carried out;
after stamping, the punch rises, after the punch breaks away from the part, the conveying table 9 is started, parts are conveyed to one end of the conveying table 9 corresponding to the material receiving frame 13, the pushing cylinder 10 is started, the parts are pushed onto the material guiding frame (11), when the photoelectric sensor 14 senses signals, the jacking cylinder 16 is started, the material receiving frame 13 is lifted, the stamped parts are received, and the parts are collected.
The stamping method for machining the motor end cover is based on the stamping device for machining the motor end cover, and comprises the following steps of:
s1: firstly, selecting a corresponding punch according to the processing requirement of parts, starting a belt wheel motor 303 to rotate positively to drive a rotary supporting sleeve 2 to rotate, and driving a punch mounting plate 5 at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve 2 to rotate a first punch 7 or a second punch 8 to the position above a conveying table 9 to prepare for punching;
s2: placing the parts to be processed on the surface of a conveying roller 901 of a conveying table 9, and starting the conveying table 9 to convey the parts to the lower part of the punch;
s3: the belt wheel motor 303 is started to rotate reversely, the belt wheel motor 303 rotates reversely to the punching driving shaft 4 due to the arrangement of the first unidirectional coupling 305 and the second unidirectional coupling 306, and the punching driving screw 21 is arranged at the bottom of the punching driving shaft 4, so that the punching driving screw 21 rotates to drive the internal thread sleeve 23 to drive the linkage ring 22 to slide vertically along the punching driving screw 21, thereby driving the punch to press downwards to perform punching operation;
s4: the belt wheel motor 303 rotates reversely to drive the punch to ascend, and after the punch is separated from the part, the conveying table 9 is started to convey the part to one end corresponding to the material receiving frame 13, the material pushing cylinder 10 is started to convey the part into the material receiving frame 13 through the material guiding frame 11;
s5: when the parts are conveyed to the pushing cylinder 10 on the material guiding frame 11, the jacking cylinder 16 is started by utilizing the sensing signals of the photoelectric sensor 14 to lift the material receiving frame 13, the punched parts are received, and the parts are collected.
It should be noted that, the pulley motor 303, the pushing cylinder 10, the jacking cylinder 16 and the photoelectric sensor 14 are devices or apparatuses existing in the prior art, or are devices or apparatuses that can be implemented in the prior art, and the power supply, the specific composition and the principle thereof are clear to those skilled in the art, so they will not be described in detail.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made therein without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. Stamping device is used in processing of motor end cover, including punching press support (1), its characterized in that: the stamping support (1) is rotatably provided with a rotary supporting sleeve (2), a first punch (7) and a second punch (8) are respectively arranged at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve (2), and the rotary supporting sleeve (2) can control the first punch (7) and the second punch (8) to rotate and select the punches according to requirements;
a conveying table (9) is arranged on one side of the stamping support (1), a pushing cylinder (10) is arranged at one end of the conveying table (9), a receiving frame (13) is arranged on one side of the conveying table (9) corresponding to the pushing direction of a piston rod of the pushing cylinder (10), and parts after stamping are collected;
a transmission part is arranged in the rotary supporting sleeve (2), the rotary supporting sleeve (2) is connected with a stamping driving shaft (4) in a transmission way, and the first punch (7) and the second punch (8) are symmetrically and slidably arranged on two sides of the stamping driving shaft (4);
a driving assembly (3) is arranged between the stamping support (1) and the rotary support sleeve (2), the driving assembly (3) comprises a first synchronous pulley (301), a second synchronous pulley (302) and a pulley motor (303), the first synchronous pulley (301) is fixedly arranged at the output shaft end of the pulley motor (303), the pulley motor (303) is fixedly arranged at the inner bottom surface of the stamping support (1), the second synchronous pulley (302) is fixedly connected with the top of the stamping driving shaft (4), and the first synchronous pulley (301) is in transmission connection with the second synchronous pulley (302);
a cavity is formed in the rotary supporting sleeve (2), a driving gear (18) is fixedly arranged in the cavity, a driven gear (20) is fixedly arranged on the surface of the stamping driving shaft (4) and positioned in the cavity, a transition gear (19) is connected between the driving gear (18) and the driven gear (20) in a transmission manner, a second one-way coupler (306) is arranged between the rotary supporting sleeve (2) and a second synchronous pulley (302), a driving wheel (304) is integrally formed on the second synchronous pulley (302), and a first one-way coupler (305) is arranged between the driving wheel (304) and the stamping driving shaft (4);
the novel automatic punching machine is characterized in that a punch mounting plate (5) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve (2), connecting sleeves (25) are symmetrically arranged at the bottom of the punch mounting plate (5), a first spring (27) is fixedly mounted in each connecting sleeve (25), a punch connecting shaft (6) is slidably mounted in each connecting sleeve (25), a limiting plate (26) is fixedly mounted at one end of each punch connecting shaft (6), a first spring (27) is fixedly connected to the limiting plates (26) and the inner top surface of each connecting sleeve (25), and a first punch (7) and a second punch (8) are fixedly mounted at the bottoms of the two groups of connecting sleeves (25) respectively;
the novel punching press drive shaft is characterized in that a punching press drive screw (21) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the punching press drive shaft (4), an inner thread sleeve (23) is connected to the surface of the punching press drive screw (21) in a threaded manner, a linkage ring (22) is arranged between two groups of connecting sleeves (25), the inner thread sleeve (23) is rotatably arranged in the linkage ring (22), linkage rods (24) are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the outer wall of the linkage ring (22), a guide groove (28) is formed in one side of each connecting sleeve (25), one end of each linkage rod (24) is slidably arranged in each guide groove (28), and the linkage rods (24) are fixedly connected with a punch connecting shaft (6).
2. The stamping device for machining an end cover of a motor of claim 1, wherein: the conveying table (9) comprises two groups of side plates, conveying rollers (901) are arranged between the side plates in a rotating and equidistant array mode, parts to be punched are placed on the upper surfaces of the conveying rollers (901), the parts can be supported, the parts after being punched can be conveyed to the next production process, one end of the conveying table (9) is located on the outer wall of the side plate, a motor support plate (12) is fixedly arranged on one end of the conveying table, a pushing cylinder (10) is fixedly arranged on one side of the motor support plate (12), a push plate (29) is fixedly arranged at the output shaft end of the motor support plate (12), and a buffer plate (30) is elastically connected to one side of the push plate (29) through a third spring (31).
3. The stamping device for machining an end cover of a motor of claim 1, wherein: one side of the conveying table (9) far away from the pushing cylinder (10) is fixedly connected with a material guiding frame (11), a photoelectric sensor mounting frame (17) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the material guiding frame (11), and a photoelectric sensor (14) is fixedly mounted in the photoelectric sensor mounting frame (17).
4. A motor end cap tooling ram as set forth in claim 3 wherein: two groups of telescopic supporting legs (15) and two groups of jacking air cylinders (16) are symmetrically arranged at the bottom diagonal positions of the material collecting frame (13) respectively, the jacking air cylinders (16) are electrically connected with the photoelectric sensor (14), the output shaft ends of the jacking air cylinders (16) are fixedly connected with the outer bottom surface of the material collecting frame (13), and the tail bases of the jacking air cylinders (16) are fastened to the ground through bolts.
5. The stamping device for machining an end cover of a motor of claim 4, wherein: the telescopic support leg (15) comprises a support leg sleeve (1501) and a support leg (1503) which is slidably arranged in the support leg sleeve (1501), a connecting plate (1504) is fixedly arranged at the top of the support leg (1503), the connecting plate (1504) is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of the material collecting frame (13), and a second spring (1502) is fixedly connected between one end of the support leg (1503) and the inner bottom surface of the support leg sleeve (1501).
6. A stamping method for processing an end cover of a motor, based on the stamping device for processing an end cover of a motor as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising the following discharging steps:
s1: firstly, selecting a corresponding punch according to the processing requirement of a part, starting a belt wheel motor (303) to rotate positively, driving a rotary supporting sleeve (2) to rotate, driving a punch mounting plate (5) at the bottom of the rotary supporting sleeve (2), and rotating a first punch (7) or a second punch (8) to the position above a conveying table (9) to prepare for punching;
s2: placing the parts to be processed on the surface of a conveying roller (901) of a conveying table (9), and starting the conveying table (9) to convey the parts to the lower part of the punch;
s3: starting the belt wheel motor (303) to rotate reversely, and driving the punching driving shaft (4) to rotate by the belt wheel motor (303) to rotate reversely due to the arrangement of the first unidirectional coupling (305) and the second unidirectional coupling (306), and driving the internal thread sleeve (23) to drive the linkage ring (22) to vertically slide along the punching driving screw (21) so as to drive the punch to press downwards to perform punching operation due to the fact that the punching driving screw (21) is arranged at the bottom of the punching driving shaft (4);
s4: the belt wheel motor (303) rotates reversely to drive the punch to ascend, after the punch is separated from the part, the conveying table (9) is started to convey the part to one end corresponding to the material receiving frame (13), the material pushing cylinder (10) is started, and the part is conveyed into the material receiving frame (13) through the material guiding frame (11);
s5: and when the parts are conveyed to the pushing cylinder (10) on the material guiding frame (11), the jacking cylinder (16) is started by utilizing the induction signal of the photoelectric sensor (14), the material receiving frame (13) is lifted, the stamped parts are received, and the parts are collected.
CN202310843491.5A 2023-07-11 2023-07-11 Stamping device and stamping method for machining motor end cover Active CN116550844B (en)

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