CN116331855A - Push type steel plate automatic feeding device of shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line - Google Patents

Push type steel plate automatic feeding device of shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116331855A
CN116331855A CN202310405516.3A CN202310405516A CN116331855A CN 116331855 A CN116331855 A CN 116331855A CN 202310405516 A CN202310405516 A CN 202310405516A CN 116331855 A CN116331855 A CN 116331855A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
steel plate
steel
connecting plate
placing table
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Granted
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CN202310405516.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN116331855B (en
Inventor
张强
张亮
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Anhui Zhongxing Shipbuilding Co ltd
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Anhui Zhongxing Shipbuilding Co ltd
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Priority to CN202310405516.3A priority Critical patent/CN116331855B/en
Publication of CN116331855A publication Critical patent/CN116331855A/en
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Publication of CN116331855B publication Critical patent/CN116331855B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/02De-stacking from the top of the stack
    • B65G59/026De-stacking from the top of the stack with a stepwise upward movement of the stack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Sheets, Magazines, And Separation Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a push type steel plate automatic feeding device of a shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line, and belongs to the technical field of automatic feeding. The steel plate placing device comprises a frame, wherein a steel plate placing table is placed on the frame; the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism is arranged between the frame and the steel plate placing table and is used for enabling the steel plate to move along the lifting direction by taking the thickness of the steel plate as a unit distance when the steel plate is lifted each time; the side plates are arranged on two sides of the top of the frame, and the bottom ends of the side plates are in running fit with the frame; the swinging plate driving mechanism is arranged between the side plates and the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism and is used for driving the two side plates to swing in the same direction before the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism lifts the steel plate so as to realize that the steel plates piled on the placing table are staggered in the width direction. The invention has the advantage that the steel plates are staggered in the width direction to be pushed.

Description

Push type steel plate automatic feeding device of shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic feeding, in particular to a push type steel plate automatic feeding device of a butt joint steel plate conveying line for a shipyard.
Background
The steel plates are fed by a butt-joint steel plate conveying line used by a shipyard, and the stacked steel plates are conveyed to a conveying line one by one. At present, in the conveying process, the steel plates used in a shipyard are prefabricated in the factory and then are of a formed cuboid structure, workers convey stacked steel plates to a steel plate conveying line through a forklift, then the steel plates are sucked by a sucker, and the steel plates are hoisted and conveyed to the steel plate conveying line through a gantry crane. At present, the mode of conveying the steel plate through the gantry crane can not be used for conveying the steel plate to the conveying line rapidly, the conveying process is very complicated, the conveying process is required to be noticed by staff at all times, the workload of the staff is high, and the feeding efficiency of the steel plate can not be improved. Therefore, the application provides a push type steel plate automatic feeding device of a shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides a push type automatic steel plate feeding device for a shipyard butt-joint steel plate conveying line.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
the push type automatic steel plate feeding device for the abutting steel plate conveying line for the shipyard comprises a rack, wherein a steel plate placing table is placed on the rack;
the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism is arranged between the frame and the steel plate placing table and is used for enabling the steel plate to move along the lifting direction by taking the thickness of the steel plate as a unit distance when the steel plate is lifted each time;
the side plates are arranged on two sides of the top of the frame, and the bottom ends of the side plates are in running fit with the frame;
the swing plate driving mechanism is arranged between the side plates and the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism and is used for driving the two side plates to swing in the same direction before the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism lifts the steel plate so as to realize the staggering of the steel plates piled on the placing table in the width direction;
and the steel plate pushing mechanism is arranged on the frame and positioned on one side of one side plate and is used for pushing out the topmost steel plate from the top of the side plate on the opposite side.
Further, the intermittent lifting mechanism for the steel plate comprises a lifting oil cylinder, the bottom of the lifting oil cylinder is rotationally connected to the frame, a supporting block is connected to the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder, and the top end of the supporting block is fixedly connected with the bottom of the steel plate placing table.
Further, the side plates are arranged in a channel steel shape, the two side plates are arranged in a state that the notches are opposite, the steel plate placing table is limited between the two side plates, and the end parts of the steel plate placing table corresponding to the two side plates are all arranged in a semicircular structure.
Further, the swing plate driving mechanism comprises a first driving part and a second driving part, wherein the first driving part is used for driving the two side plates to swing synchronously to an inclined state in a first extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder, and the second driving part is used for driving the two side plates to swing back to an initial state in a final extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder.
Further, the first driving part includes a first connection plate i, a first connection plate ii, a first connection plate iii, a first connection plate iv, and a first connection plate v, wherein:
the first connecting plate III and the first connecting plate V are arranged in parallel, the top ends of the first connecting plate III and the first connecting plate V are respectively and fixedly connected to the rotation axes of the two side plates, the first connecting plate IV is in a horizontal state, the two ends of the first connecting plate IV are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of the first connecting plate III and the first connecting plate V, the bottom end of the first connecting plate II is rotatably connected with the first connecting plate III, and the top end of the first connecting plate II is connected to one end of the first connecting plate I;
the other end of the first connecting plate I is fixedly connected with one end of an outer top spring, the other end of the outer top spring is fixedly connected with a swinging plate driving block, and the outer top spring is rotatably arranged on the inner top wall of the frame;
the lifting oil cylinder is obliquely arranged in an initial state, an arc-shaped guide groove is formed in the supporting block, an arc-shaped guide groove which is positioned at the bottom of an inner cavity of the arc-shaped guide groove in the initial state is formed in the arc-shaped guide groove, and the arc-shaped guide groove is connected to the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder;
the swing plate driving block is provided with a groove, the end part of the arc-shaped guide groove penetrates through the lifting oil cylinder and extends into the groove, and the arc-shaped guide groove drives the swing plate driving block to rotate by 90 degrees when moving from the bottom end of the arc-shaped guide groove to the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove.
Further, the second driving part includes a second connection plate i and a second connection plate ii, wherein:
the bottom end of the second connecting plate II and the first connecting plate II are coaxially arranged and rotationally connected to the first connecting plate III, the top end of the second connecting plate II is rotationally connected with one end of the second connecting plate I, the other end of the second connecting plate I is rotationally arranged on the frame, and the second connecting plate I and the second connecting plate II are distributed inside and outside;
the second driving part further comprises a second connecting plate II fixedly arranged at the end part of the steel plate placing table and located right below the second connecting plate I, and the second connecting plate II is arranged to enable the side plate to recover to an initial state through pushing up the second connecting plate I in the last extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder.
Further, the swing plate driving block comprises a sleeve plate, a telescopic plate, a groove and an outer top spring, wherein the inner side end of the telescopic plate is inserted into the sleeve plate in a telescopic manner, the outer top spring is arranged in the sleeve plate, the two ends of the outer top spring are respectively connected with the inner side end of the telescopic plate and the inner wall of the sleeve plate, the groove is formed in the outer side end of the telescopic plate, the top of the outer side end of the telescopic plate is provided with a guide surface for driving the telescopic plate to move towards the sleeve plate from the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove to the bottom end in-process, and one end of the outer top spring is fixedly connected with the sleeve plate.
Further, steel sheet pushing mechanism includes push cylinder and sets up the push plate that is used for pushing away the steel sheet on push cylinder stretches out the end, wherein, the push plate includes the mainboard body and the flexible subplate body of setting on the mainboard body, just the bottom of the leading flank of subplate body sets up to the inclined plane, when the in-process of push plate contact top steel sheet, the inclined plane makes the subplate body move to the mainboard internal and push down at the second steel sheet top through contacting the second steel sheet.
Further, the steel plate placing table is provided with a tray fixing clamp mechanism, the tray fixing clamp mechanism comprises a rotating clamping block, rack plates, a pushing spring, a first gear, a second gear, a pushing plate and a baffle, the rotating clamping block is rotationally installed in the steel plate placing table, the rack plates are slidably connected in the steel plate placing table, the spring is arranged in the steel plate placing table, two ends of the spring are respectively connected with one end of the rack plates and the inner wall of the steel plate placing table, tooth surfaces of the rack plates are connected with the first gear in a meshed mode, the first gear is rotationally installed on the inner wall of the steel plate placing table, tooth surfaces of the rack plates are connected with the second gear in a meshed mode, the second gear is rotationally installed on the inner wall of the steel plate placing table, the pushing plate is fixedly connected to a gap of the tooth surfaces of the second gear, and one ends of the two adjacent side plates are fixedly connected with the baffle.
Further, the automatic pushing type steel plate feeding device for the steel plate butt-joint conveying line for the shipyard according to claim, wherein the tray fixing clamp mechanism further comprises rollers rotatably arranged at two ends of the steel plate placing table, and the rollers are arranged to enable the tray to move conveniently when the rotating clamping blocks push the tray to swing.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention uses the swinging plate driving mechanism to drive the two side plates to swing in the same direction, so as to realize the staggering of the steel plates piled on the steel plate placing table in the width direction, thereby facilitating the rapid pushing of the steel plates, and after the steel plates are pushed, the two side plates are driven to reset, thereby facilitating the placing of the next wave of steel plates.
2. According to the invention, the intermittent lifting mechanism of the steel plate is utilized, and when the steel plate is lifted each time, the steel plate is lifted and displaced along the inclined direction of the side plate by taking the thickness of the steel plate as a unit distance, so that the steel plate is pushed each time.
3. According to the invention, the steel plate pushing mechanism is utilized to push the topmost steel plate, and simultaneously, the inclined surface of the auxiliary plate body contacts with the second steel plate and presses the second steel plate downwards, so that the second steel plate is prevented from tilting to prevent the pushing of the steel plate.
4. According to the invention, the tray fixing clamp mechanism is utilized, when the steel plate placing table falls onto the rack, the rotating clamp is pushed to align and fix the inclined trays, so that stacked steel plates on the trays are conveniently staggered for feeding, and the normal operation of the pushing type steel plate automatic feeding device of the abutting steel plate conveying line for a shipyard is ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall schematic view of a push-type steel plate automatic feeding device for a shipyard butt-joint steel plate conveying line of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the push type steel plate automatic feeding apparatus of the present invention for a shipyard butt-jointed steel plate transfer line;
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of a push-type steel sheet automatic feeding apparatus of a shipyard butt-jointed steel sheet transfer line of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of a push-type steel sheet automatic feeding apparatus of a shipyard butt-jointed steel sheet transfer line of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view of the push type steel plate automatic feeding device of the shipyard butt-joint steel plate conveying line of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a disassembled view of the swing plate driving mechanism of the push type automatic steel plate feeding device of the abutting steel plate conveying line for shipyard of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an exploded view of the swing plate driving mechanism of the push type steel plate automatic feeding device of the dock steel plate conveyor line for shipyards of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a split view of a steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism of the push type steel plate automatic feeding device of the docking steel plate conveying line for a shipyard of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is another partial schematic view of a swing plate drive mechanism of the push type steel plate automatic feeding apparatus of the present invention for a shipyard abutting a steel plate transfer line;
FIG. 10 is another partial schematic view of a steel plate placement table of the push type steel plate automatic feeding apparatus of the present invention for a shipyard docking steel plate transfer line;
FIG. 11 is a partial cross-sectional view of a swing plate drive block of the push type steel plate automatic feeding device of the dock steel plate transfer line for shipyards of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional view of a pallet fixture mechanism of the push-type steel sheet automatic feeding apparatus of the present invention for a shipyard docking a steel sheet transfer line;
fig. 13 is a partial cross-sectional view of a pusher plate of the pusher-type automatic steel plate feeder of the present invention for a shipyard butt-jointed steel plate transfer line.
Detailed Description
The following description of the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clear and complete, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 13, the push-type automatic steel plate feeding device for a shipyard butt-joint steel plate conveying line provided by the embodiment of the invention mainly comprises a frame 1, a steel plate placing table 2, a steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism 3, a side plate 4, a swing plate driving mechanism 5 and a steel plate push mechanism 6.
The frame 1 comprises a frame table top 1.1, an end support frame 1.2 and a lateral support frame 1.3, wherein the steel plate placing table 2 is placed on the frame table top 1.1, and the frame table top 1.1 is provided with square holes for moving from the bottom of the frame table top 1.1 to the upper side when the lifting cylinder 3.1 lifts the steel plate placing table 2; the end support frame 1.2 has the function of shielding and protecting the swing plate driving mechanism 5; the steel plate pushing mechanism 6 is mounted on the lateral support frame 1.3.
The steel plate placing table 2 has a rectangular parallelepiped structure, which is confined between two side plates 4, and the end portions of the steel plate placing table 2 corresponding to the two side plates 4 have a semicircular structure.
And a steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism 3 which is arranged between the frame 1 and the steel plate placing table 2 and is used for enabling the steel plate to move along the lifting direction by taking the thickness of the steel plate as a unit distance every time the steel plate is lifted.
Specifically, the intermittent lifting mechanism 3 for the steel plate comprises a lifting oil cylinder 3.1 and a supporting block 3.2, wherein the bottom end of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 is rotationally connected with an oil cylinder base 3.3 on the frame 1, and the oil cylinder base 3.3 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1.
The supporting block 3.2 is fixed at the bottom of the steel plate placing table 2 and is positioned in a square hole, the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 is connected with the supporting block 3.2, when the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 extends from an initial state, the first extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 is displaced on the supporting block 3.2 relative to the supporting block 3.2, and the rest extending strokes after the first extending stroke are the whole of the lifting supporting block 3.2 and the steel plate placing table 2.
The side plates 4 are arranged on two sides of the top of the frame 1, and the bottom ends of the side plates 4 are in running fit with the frame 1. Specifically, two side plates 4 are rotatably mounted on both sides of the frame table 1.1, respectively.
The side plates 4 are arranged in a channel steel shape, and the two side plates 4 are arranged on the rack table-board 1.1 in a state that the notches are opposite. At this time, the steel plate placing table 2 is limited between the two side plates 4, and the side plates 4 have the functions of guiding and limiting the steel plate placing table 2, so that when the steel plate placing table 2 is driven by the lifting oil cylinder 3.1, the steel plate placing table can be displaced along the directions of the two side plates 4.
The steel plate pushing mechanism 6 is located on one side of one side plate 4 and is used for pushing out the topmost steel plate from the top of the side plate 4 located on the opposite side of the steel plate pushing mechanism 6, so that the steel plate discharging process one by one is achieved.
And the swinging plate driving mechanism 5 is arranged between the side plates 4 and the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism 3 and is used for driving the two side plates 4 to swing in the same direction before the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism 3 lifts the steel plate so as to realize that the steel plates piled on the placing table are staggered in the width direction.
At this time, the steel plate placing table 2 can be arranged to be in direct contact with the inner walls of the two side plates 4 by utilizing the semicircular structures at the two ends of the steel plate placing table, so that the inner walls of the side plates 4 can be better contacted with the two sides of the steel plate, and the two side plates 4 can be staggered to the maximum extent when swinging.
Specifically, the bottoms of the two ends of the side plate 4 are fixedly provided with rotating shafts 5.11, and the side plate 4 is rotatably arranged on the frame 1 through the rotating shafts 5.11. The swing plate driving mechanism 5 comprises a first driving part and a second driving part, wherein the first driving part is used for driving the two side plates 4 to swing synchronously to an inclined state in a first extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1, and the second driving part is used for driving the two side plates 4 to swing back to an initial state in a final extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1.
More specifically, the first driving portion includes a first connection plate i 5.1, a first connection plate ii 5.2, a first connection plate iii 5.3, a first connection plate iv 5.4, and a first connection plate v 5.5, wherein:
the first connecting plates III 5.3 and the first connecting plates V5.5 are arranged in parallel, and the top ends of the first connecting plates III 5.3 and the first connecting plates V5.5 are respectively and fixedly connected to the centers of the rotating shafts 5.11 of the two side plates 4. The top ends of the first connecting plate iii 5.3 and the first connecting plate v 5.5 are fixedly connected to the rotation shafts 5.11 of the two side plates 4, respectively.
The first connecting plate IV 5.4 is in a horizontal state, two ends of the first connecting plate IV 5.4 are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of the first connecting plate III 5.3 and the first connecting plate V5.5, the bottom end of the first connecting plate II 5.2 is rotatably connected with the first connecting plate III 5.3, and the top end of the first connecting plate II 5.2 is connected to one end of the first connecting plate I5.1;
the other end of the first connecting plate I5.1 is fixedly connected with one end of a swing plate driving shaft 5.10, the other end of the swing plate driving shaft 5.10 is fixedly connected with a swing plate driving block 5.9, and the swing plate driving shaft 5.10 is rotatably arranged on the inner top wall of the frame 1;
the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 is obliquely arranged in an initial state, an arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 is formed in the supporting block 3.2, a guide rod 3.3 which is positioned at the bottom of the inner cavity of the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 in the initial state is arranged in the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1, and the guide rod 3.3 is connected to the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1;
the swing plate driving block 5.9 is provided with a groove 5.9.3, the end part of the guide rod 3.3 penetrates through the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 and extends into the groove 5.9.3, and the guide rod 3.3 drives the swing plate driving block 5.9 to rotate by 90 degrees when moving from the bottom end of the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 to the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove.
At this time, when the lifting cylinder 3.1 extends, in the first extending stroke, the guide rod 3.3 moves from the bottom end to the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 through the cooperation of the guide rod 3.3 and the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1, in this process, the steel plate placing table 2 is not lifted by gravity, and the guide rod 3.3 drives the swing plate driving block 5.9 to rotate upwards by taking the swing plate driving shaft 5.10 as the axis through the groove 5.9.3. Furthermore, the swing plate driving shaft 5.10 drives the first connecting plate I5.1 to rotate, the first connecting plate I5.1 enables the first connecting plate II 5.2 to move, the first connecting plate II 5.2 drives the first connecting plate III 5.3, the first connecting plate IV 5.4 and the first connecting plate V5.5 to act simultaneously, the first connecting plate III 5.3 and the first connecting plate V5.5 synchronously rotate by taking the rotating shaft 5.11 as the shaft center, and the two side plates 4 are driven to swing in the same direction through the rotating shaft 5.11.
During the swinging of the side plates 4, the inner wall of the side plate 4 located at the rear makes all the steel plates stacked on the steel plate placing table 2 by pressing the steel plates so that all the steel plates are staggered in order in the width direction along the swinging direction.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, after the lifting cylinder 3.1 completes the first lifting stroke, the lifting cylinder 3.1 itself is parallel to the side plate 4. In the rest of the extending strokes after the first extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1, the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 pushes the steel plate placing table 2 and the whole steel plate to extend from the top of the front steel plate one by one from top to bottom along the inclined direction of the side plate 4 through the supporting block 3.2.
Further, the second driving part includes a second connection plate i 5.6 and a second connection plate ii 5.7, wherein:
the bottom end of the second connecting plate II 5.7 is coaxially arranged with the first connecting plate II 5.2 and is rotationally connected to the first connecting plate III 5.3, the top end of the second connecting plate II 5.7 is rotationally connected with one end of the second connecting plate I5.6, the other end of the second connecting plate I5.6 is rotationally arranged on the frame 1, and the second connecting plate I5.6 and the second connecting plate II 5.7 are distributed in an inside-outside mode;
the second driving part further comprises a push rod 5.8 fixedly arranged at the end part of the steel plate placing table 2 and located under the second connecting plate I5.6, and the push rod 5.8 is arranged to enable the side plate 4 to be restored to the initial state through pushing up the second connecting plate I5.7 in the last extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder 3.1. The second connecting plates I5.6 and II 5.7 are arranged to be distributed inside and outside, so that the ejector rod 5.8 cannot be interfered by the second connecting plates II 5.7 when contacting the second connecting plates I5.6.
Specifically, after the last extension stroke of the lifting cylinder 3.1 is that the last steel plate is pushed, the lifting cylinder 3.1 will lift the height of one steel plate along the direction of the side plate 4. When the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 carries out the last extension stroke, the ejector rod 5.8 at the end part of the steel plate placing table 2 pushes the second connecting plate I5.6 to rotate on the end part supporting frame 1.2, the second connecting plate I5.6 drives the second connecting plate II 5.7 to move, the second connecting plate II 5.7 drives the first connecting plate III 5.3, the first connecting plate IV 5.4 and the first connecting plate V5.5 to act simultaneously, and the first connecting plate III 5.3 and the first connecting plate V5.5 synchronously rotate by taking the rotating shaft 5.11 as an axle center, and drive the two side plates 4 to swing to an initial state in the same direction through the rotating shaft 5.11. Meanwhile, in the process, the side plate 4 drives the steel plate placing table 2 to move to the position right above the initial position, namely, the steel plate placing table 2 moves to the position right above the rack table top 1.1 when swinging.
Specifically, the steel plate pushing mechanism 6 includes a pushing cylinder 6.1 and a pushing plate 6.2. Push plate 6.2 level sets up and fixed mounting on push cylinder 6.1's the end that stretches out, and push plate 6.2 highly set up to with curb plate 4 swing slope back steel sheet place the high looks adaptation of the steel sheet at the top on the platform 2 to push out the steel sheet at push plate 6.2 with the steel sheet place the platform 2 at the top all the time. Wherein, push plate 6.2 includes mainboard body 6.2.1 and elastic telescopic setting auxiliary plate body 6.2.2 on mainboard body 6.2.1, just the bottom of the leading flank of auxiliary plate body 6.2.2 sets up to the inclined plane, and when push plate 6.2 contact the in-process of top steel sheet, the inclined plane makes auxiliary plate body 6.2.2 move to mainboard body 6.2.1 in through contacting the second piece steel sheet and pushes down at the second piece steel sheet top through pushing down spring 6.3.
Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, the lifting cylinder 3.1 and the pushing cylinder 6.1 are both connected to the control system, and the pushing cylinder 6.1 acts once after each extending stroke of the lifting cylinder 3.1 after completing the first extending stroke, so that after the lifting cylinder 3.1 lifts the topmost steel plate to the front side of the pushing plate 6.2, the pushing plate 6.2 can push out the topmost steel plate under the action of the pushing cylinder 6.1.
In this embodiment of the present invention, the wobble plate driving block 5.9 includes a sleeve plate 5.9.1, a telescopic plate 5.9.2, a groove 5.9.3 and an outer top spring 5.9.4, the inner end of the telescopic plate 5.9.2 is telescopically inserted into the sleeve plate 5.9.1, the outer top spring 5.9.4 is disposed in the sleeve plate 5.9.1, two ends of the outer top spring are respectively connected to the inner end of the telescopic plate 5.9.2 and the inner wall of the sleeve plate 5.9.1, the groove 5.9.3 is disposed on the outer end of the telescopic plate 5.9.2, a guide surface for driving the telescopic plate 5.9.2 to move toward the sleeve plate 5.9.1 during the process of moving the guide rod 3.3 from the top end to the bottom end of the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 is disposed at the top of the outer end of the telescopic plate 5.9.2, and one end of the wobble plate driving shaft 5.10 is fixedly connected to the sleeve plate 5.9.1.
Specifically, in the initial state, the groove 5.9.3 is in a state in which the notch faces one side in the steel plate width direction, and the guide bar 3.3 is located in the groove 5.9.3. At this time, in the first extension stroke of the lifting cylinder 3.1, the guide rod 3.3 moves from the bottom end to the top end along the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1, and drives the expansion plate 5.9.2 to rotate, so that the expansion plate 5.9.2 is used to drive the whole swing plate driving block 5.9 to rotate.
Thereafter, the groove 5.9.3 is in a state that the notch is upward during the pushing of the steel plate, and the swing plate driving block 5.9 is kept in a vertical state. And after the lifting cylinder 3.1 is restored to drive the side plate 4 in the last extension stroke, the swing plate driving block 5.9 is restored to the original state, and at this time, the lifting cylinder 3.1 is located above it in the height direction.
At this time, the top end of the steel plate placing table 2 extends from the top end of the side plate 4, and after the worker directly takes out the tray for placing the steel plates, a new stack of steel plates to be processed is placed on the steel plate placing table 2 by using a forklift. And after the steel plate is placed on the steel plate placing table 2, the lifting cylinder 3.1 can be restored at one time. In the process of recovering the lifting oil cylinder 3.1, the oil cylinder is subjected to the pressure of the steel plate, and the oil cylinder itself presents the process of downward movement of the upper supporting steel plate. At the moment when the steel plate placement table 2 falls onto the frame table 1.1, the guide bar 3.3 is located at the top of the arcuate recess 5.9.3, and thus the lifting cylinder 3.1 has a final retraction stroke corresponding to its first extension stroke.
At this time, in the embodiment of the present invention, the side surface of the expansion plate 5.9.2 corresponding to one end of the groove 5.9.3 is provided as a guiding surface, so that when the lifting cylinder 3.1 is displaced from the top to the bottom to the initial position in the arc-shaped guide groove 3.2.1 in the last retraction stroke, the expansion plate 5.9.2 compresses the outer top spring 5.9.4 by using the guiding surface, so that the expansion plate 5.9.2 is displaced into the sleeve plate 5.9.1 and provides a passage for the guide rod 3.3 to return to the initial position. And after the guide bar 3.3 is restored to the original position, the expansion plate 5.9.2 is ejected so that the groove 5.9.3 is again fitted over the guide bar 3.3.
The tray stationary fixture mechanism 7 comprises a rotary clamping block 7.1, a rack plate 7.2, a pushing spring 7.3, a first gear 7.4, a second gear 7.5, a pushing plate 7.6 and a baffle 7.7, wherein the rotary clamping block 7.1 is rotatably arranged in the steel plate placing table 2, the rack plate 7.2 is slidably connected in the steel plate placing table 2, the spring is arranged in the steel plate placing table 2, two ends of the spring are respectively connected with one end of the rack plate 7.2 and the inner wall of the steel plate placing table 2, the tooth surface of the rack plate 7.2 is meshed and connected with the first gear 7.4, the first gear 7.4 is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the steel plate placing table 2, the tooth surface of the rack plate 7.2 is meshed and connected with the second gear 7.5, the second gear 7.5 is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the steel plate placing table 2, the gap of the second gear 7.5 is fixedly connected with the pushing plate 7.6, and one end of the adjacent two side plates 4 is fixedly connected with the tooth surface 7.7.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the steel plate placing table 2 is provided with a tray fixing jig mechanism 7. The tray fixing clamp mechanism 7 further comprises rollers 7.8 rotatably arranged at two ends of the steel plate placing table 2, and the rollers 7.8 are arranged to enable the tray to move conveniently when the rotating clamping blocks 7.1 push the tray to swing.
Specifically, rotate clamp splice 7.1 rotation and install in steel sheet place platform 2, and rotate clamp splice 7.1 bottom and be heavier than the top, rack board 7.2 slides in steel sheet place platform 2, push spring 7.3 is located steel sheet place platform 2 inside, and the inboard end of rack board 7.2 and steel sheet place platform 2 inner wall are connected respectively at both ends, rack board 7.2 drives first gear 7.4 rotation, first gear 7.4 drives second gear 7.5 and push plate 7.6 rotation, second gear 7.5 tooth face lacks tooth department fixed connection push plate 7.6, baffle 7.7 fixed mounting is at the top of two adjacent one sides of curb plate 4, gyro wheel 7.8 rotation is installed in steel sheet place platform 2.
When the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 is in the last extending stroke, the pushing plate 7.6 is driven upwards by the steel plate placing table 2, as the pushing plate 7.6 exceeds the steel plate placing table 2, the pushing plate 7.6 is blocked by the baffle 7.7 in a path when moving, the pushing plate 7.6 is blocked by the baffle 7.7 to drive the second gear 7.5 to rotate clockwise, the pushing plate 7.6 is blocked by the baffle 7.7 to rotate into the steel plate placing table 2, the second gear 7.5 drives the first gear 7.4 to rotate anticlockwise, the first gear 7.4 drives the toothed plate 7.2 to move towards the pushing spring 7.3 and extrudes the pushing spring 7.3, the toothed plate 7.2 is pulled out from the lower part of the rotating clamping block 7.1, the rotating clamping block 7.1 rotates anticlockwise, a tray is released, a worker can conveniently take down the tray, and meanwhile, the rotating clamping block 7.1 rotates beyond the steel plate placing table 2 and props against the toothed plate 7.2.
When a worker places the next wave tray and the stacked steel plates on the tray on the steel plate placing table 2, the lifting oil cylinder 3.1 retracts, the steel plate placing table 2 drops back to the machine frame table top 1.1 with the stacked steel plates, the machine frame table top 1.1 pushes the rotating clamping block 7.1 to rotate clockwise, the rotating clamping block 7.1 is used for correcting and fixing the inclined positioned tray, the rotating clamping block 7.1 does not prop against the rack plate 7.2 after rotating clockwise, the pushing spring 7.3 pushes the rack plate 7.2 to prop against the lower end of the rotating clamping block 7.1, rotation of the rotating clamping block 7.1 is limited, meanwhile, the rack plate 7.2 moves to drive the first gear 7.4 to rotate clockwise, and the first gear 7.4 drives the second gear 7.5 and the pushing plate 7.6 to rotate anticlockwise, so that the pushing plate 7.6 exceeds the steel plate placing table 2.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the invention is not intended to be limiting, but rather is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, alternatives, and improvements that fall within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. Push type steel sheet automatic feeding device of dock steel sheet transfer chain for shipyard, its characterized in that includes:
the steel plate placing device comprises a frame (1), wherein a steel plate placing table (2) is placed on the frame (1);
the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism (3) is arranged between the frame (1) and the steel plate placing table (2) and is used for enabling the steel plate to move along the lifting direction by taking the thickness of the steel plate as a unit distance each time the steel plate is lifted;
the side plates (4) are arranged on two sides of the top of the frame (1), and the bottom ends of the side plates (4) are in running fit with the frame (1);
the swinging plate driving mechanism (5) is arranged between the side plates (4) and the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism (3) and is used for driving the two side plates (4) to swing in the same direction before the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism (3) lifts the steel plate so as to realize the staggering of the steel plates piled on the placing table in the width direction;
and a steel plate pushing mechanism (6) mounted on the frame (1) and located at one side of one of the side plates (4) for pushing out the topmost steel plate from the top of the side plate (4) at the opposite side.
2. The pushing type automatic steel plate feeding device for the abutting steel plate conveying line for the shipyard according to claim 1, wherein the steel plate intermittent lifting mechanism (3) comprises a lifting oil cylinder (3.1), the bottom of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1) is rotatably connected to a frame (1), a supporting block (3.2) is connected to the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1), and the top end of the supporting block (3.2) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the steel plate placing table (2).
3. The automatic push type steel plate feeding device for a shipyard butt-joint steel plate conveying line according to claim 1, wherein the side plates (4) are arranged in a channel steel shape, the two side plates (4) are arranged in a state that notches are opposite, the steel plate placing table (2) is limited between the two side plates (4), and the end parts of the steel plate placing table (2) corresponding to the two side plates (4) are arranged in a semicircular structure.
4. The automatic push-type steel plate feeding device for the dock steel plate conveying line for the shipyard according to claim 2, wherein the swing plate driving mechanism (5) comprises a first driving part and a second driving part, the first driving part is used for driving the two side plates (4) to swing synchronously to an inclined state in a first extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1), and the second driving part is used for driving the two side plates (4) to swing back to an initial state in a final extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1).
5. The automatic push type steel plate feeding device for a shipyard butt-jointed steel plate transfer line according to claim 4, wherein the first driving part comprises a first connecting plate i (5.1), a first connecting plate ii (5.2), a first connecting plate iii (5.3), a first connecting plate iv (5.4) and a first connecting plate v (5.5), wherein:
the first connecting plate III (5.3) and the first connecting plate V (5.5) are arranged in parallel, the top ends of the first connecting plate III (5.3) and the first connecting plate V (5.5) are respectively and fixedly connected to the centers of rotating shafts (5.11) of the two side plates (4), the first connecting plate IV (5.4) is in a horizontal state, the two ends of the first connecting plate IV (5.4) are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of the first connecting plate III (5.3) and the first connecting plate V (5.5), the bottom end of the first connecting plate II (5.2) is rotatably connected with the first connecting plate III (5.3), and the top end of the first connecting plate II (5.2) is connected to one end of the first connecting plate I (5.1);
the other end of the first connecting plate I (5.1) is fixedly connected with one end of an outer top spring (5.10), the other end of the outer top spring (5.10) is fixedly connected with a swinging plate driving block (5.9), and the outer top spring (5.10) is rotatably arranged on the inner top wall of the frame (1);
the lifting oil cylinder (3.1) is obliquely arranged in an initial state, an arc-shaped guide groove (3.2.1) is formed in the supporting block (3.2), an arc-shaped guide groove (3.3) which is positioned at the bottom of the inner cavity of the arc-shaped guide groove (3.2.1) in the initial state is arranged in the arc-shaped guide groove (3.2.1), and the arc-shaped guide groove (3.3) is connected to the extending end of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1);
the swing plate driving block (5.9) is provided with a groove (5.9.3), the end part of the arc-shaped guide groove (3.3) penetrates through the lifting oil cylinder (3.1) and extends into the groove (5.9.3), and the arc-shaped guide groove (3.3) drives the swing plate driving block (5.9) to rotate by 90 degrees when moving from the bottom end of the arc-shaped guide groove (3.2.1) to the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove.
6. The push type automatic steel plate feeding device for a shipyard butt-jointed steel plate transfer line according to claim 5, wherein the second driving part comprises a second connecting plate i (5.6) and a second connecting plate ii (5.7), wherein:
the bottom end of the second connecting plate II (5.7) is coaxially arranged with the first connecting plate II (5.2) and is rotationally connected to the first connecting plate III (5.3), the top end of the second connecting plate II (5.7) is rotationally connected with one end of the second connecting plate I (5.6), the other end of the second connecting plate I (5.6) is rotationally arranged on the frame (1), and the second connecting plate I (5.6) and the second connecting plate II (5.7) are distributed inside and outside;
the second driving part further comprises a second connecting plate II (5.8) fixedly arranged at the end part of the steel plate placing table (2) and located under the second connecting plate I (5.6), and the second connecting plate II (5.8) is arranged to enable the side plate (4) to be restored to an initial state through the second connecting plate I at the top of the second connecting plate (5.8) in the last extending stroke of the lifting oil cylinder (3.1).
7. The automatic pushing steel plate feeding device for a butted steel plate conveying line for a shipyard according to claim 6, wherein the swinging plate driving block (5.9) comprises a sleeve plate (5.9.1), a telescopic plate (5.9.2), a groove (5.9.3) and an outer top spring (5.9.4), the inner side end of the telescopic plate (5.9.2) is inserted into the sleeve plate (5.9.1) in a telescopic manner, the outer top spring (5.9.4) is arranged in the sleeve plate (5.9.1) and two ends of the outer top spring are respectively connected with the inner side end of the telescopic plate (5.9.2) and the inner wall of the sleeve plate (5.9.1), the groove (5.9.3) is formed in the outer side end of the telescopic plate (5.9.2), the top of the outer side end of the telescopic plate (5.9.2) is provided with a guide surface for driving the telescopic plate (5.9.2) to move inwards of the sleeve plate (5.9.1) from the top end of the arc-shaped guide groove (3.2.1) to the bottom end, and one end of the outer top spring (5.10) is fixedly connected with the sleeve plate (5.9.1).
8. The automatic steel plate pushing feeding device for the steel plate conveying line for the shipyard according to claim 1, wherein the steel plate pushing mechanism (6) comprises a pushing oil cylinder (6.1) and a pushing plate (6.2) arranged on the extending end of the pushing oil cylinder (6.1) and used for pushing steel plates, the pushing plate (6.2) comprises a main plate body (6.2.1) and an auxiliary plate body (6.2.2) which is elastically telescopic and arranged on the main plate body (6.2.1), the bottom end of the front side surface of the auxiliary plate body (6.2.2) is arranged to be an inclined surface, and when the pushing plate (6.2) contacts with the topmost steel plate, the inclined surface enables the auxiliary plate body (6.2.2) to move into the main plate body (6.2.1) through contacting with a second steel plate and to be pressed down on the top of the second steel plate.
9. The pushing type steel plate automatic feeding device for the dock steel plate conveying line for the shipyard according to claim 1, wherein a tray fixing clamp mechanism (7) is arranged on the steel plate placing table (2), the tray fixing clamp mechanism (7) comprises a rotating clamp block (7.1), a rack plate (7.2), a pushing spring (7.3), a first gear (7.4), a second gear (7.5), a pushing plate (7.6) and a baffle plate (7.7), the rotating clamp block (7.1) is rotatably arranged in the steel plate placing table (2), the rack plate (7.2) is slidably connected in the steel plate placing table (2), springs are arranged in the steel plate placing table (2) and are respectively connected with one end of the rack plate (7.2) and the inner wall of the steel plate placing table (2) at two ends, the tooth surface of the rack plate (7.2) is meshed with the first gear (7.4), the first gear (7.4) is rotatably arranged on the inner wall of the steel plate placing table (2), the rack plate (7.2) is meshed with the first gear (7.4), and the two adjacent gear surfaces (7.5) are connected with the second gear (7.5) and the two side plates (7.5) are meshed with the second gear (7.4).
10. A push type automatic steel sheet feeding device for a shop-use butt steel sheet transfer line according to claim 9, wherein the tray fixing jig mechanism (7) further comprises rollers (7.8) rotatably provided at both ends of the steel sheet placing table (2), and the rollers (7.8) are arranged to facilitate movement of the tray when the rotation clamp block (7.1) pushes the tray to swing.
CN202310405516.3A 2023-04-11 2023-04-11 Push type steel plate automatic feeding device of shipyard butt joint steel plate conveying line Active CN116331855B (en)

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Inventor after: Zhang Qiang

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