CN115741550B - Flexible positioning and assembling equipment and using method thereof - Google Patents

Flexible positioning and assembling equipment and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115741550B
CN115741550B CN202211553421.8A CN202211553421A CN115741550B CN 115741550 B CN115741550 B CN 115741550B CN 202211553421 A CN202211553421 A CN 202211553421A CN 115741550 B CN115741550 B CN 115741550B
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China
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support plate
assembled
positioning
lifting
plate
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Active
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CN202211553421.8A
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CN115741550A (en
Inventor
杨启
汤叶飞
陆凯雷
孟佳
王润桐
殷超
苏雷
蒋铁军
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
Changzhou NR Electric Power Electronics Co Ltd
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
Changzhou NR Electric Power Electronics Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202211553421.8A priority Critical patent/CN115741550B/en
Publication of CN115741550A publication Critical patent/CN115741550A/en
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Publication of CN115741550B publication Critical patent/CN115741550B/en
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Abstract

The application discloses flexible positioning and assembling equipment and a using method thereof, wherein the flexible positioning and assembling equipment comprises a fixing frame, an upper layer positioning device, a lower layer positioning device and a lifting driving device; the upper layer positioning device is connected to the fixing frame and is used for placing basic components and positioning the basic components; the lower layer positioning device is connected to the fixing frame in a sliding manner along the up-down direction, and is used for placing at least one part to be assembled and positioning the part to be assembled; the lifting driving device is connected with the lower layer positioning device and used for driving the lower layer positioning device to move upwards to be in place so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards to be assembled with the basic component to be in place. The application can be used for assembling larger and heavier components, is beneficial to improving the assembly efficiency, has simple and compact structure, can save occupied space and can reduce the manufacturing, using and maintaining cost.

Description

Flexible positioning and assembling equipment and using method thereof
Technical Field
The application relates to flexible positioning assembly equipment and a using method thereof.
Background
Currently, when installing some relatively large and heavy components, it usually takes a lot of personnel to cooperate and take a long time to complete the assembly, so in order to improve the assembly efficiency and save the labor cost, some assembly devices are usually used to assist in installing the relatively large and heavy components. Such as the housing, heat sink and inductance in photovoltaic inverters, require assembly assistance by means of assembly equipment due to the heavy weight. An inductor and radiator assembly labor-saving mechanism is disclosed in Chinese patent publication No. CN217750219U, and comprises a transverse moving base, a transmission device for driving the transverse moving base to slide left and right, a lifting mechanism, a lifting driving device for driving the lifting mechanism to slide along the vertical direction, a profiling positioning jig connected to the transverse moving base and a clamping device connected to the lifting mechanism. The labor-saving mechanism for assembling the inductor and the radiator can be used for assisting in assembling the radiator and the inductor, but has the advantages of large volume, large occupied area, complex overall structure and higher manufacturing, using and maintaining cost.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to overcome the defects of the prior art, and provides flexible positioning assembly equipment which can be used for assembling larger and heavier components, is beneficial to improving the assembly efficiency, has a simple and compact structure, can save occupied space and can reduce the manufacturing, using and maintaining costs.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the application is as follows: a flexible positioning assembly device comprises a fixing frame, an upper layer positioning device, a lower layer positioning device and a lifting driving device; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the upper layer positioning device is connected to the fixing frame and is used for placing basic components and positioning the basic components;
the lower layer positioning device is connected to the fixing frame in a sliding manner along the up-down direction, and is used for placing at least one part to be assembled and positioning the part to be assembled;
the lifting driving device is connected with the lower layer positioning device and used for driving the lower layer positioning device to move upwards to be in place so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards to be assembled with the basic component to be in place.
The upper layer positioning device comprises a left support plate, a right support plate and a first positioning mechanism; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the left support plate and the right support plate are both connected to the fixing frame, and the basic component is used for bearing on the left support plate and the right support plate;
the first positioning mechanism is connected to the left support plate and the right support plate and is used for positioning basic components borne on the left support plate and the right support plate.
Further provided is a specific structure of the first positioning mechanism, the first positioning mechanism comprising:
a left stopper connected to the left support plate;
a right stopper connected to the right support plate;
a front stop block connected to the left support plate or the right support plate.
Further, the upper layer positioning device further comprises a locking mechanism; the left support plate and the right support plate are respectively connected to the fixing frame in a sliding manner along the left-right direction; the locking mechanism is respectively connected with the left support plate and the right support plate and is used for locking the left support plate and the right support plate on the fixing frame when the left support plate and the right support plate slide on the fixing frame to be in place.
Further provided is a specific structure of the lower layer positioning device, wherein the lower layer positioning device is used for placing a plurality of parts to be assembled, and the parts to be assembled comprise a first part to be assembled and at least one second part to be assembled;
the lower layer positioning device comprises a lifting plate, a second positioning mechanism and a positioning tool corresponding to the second part to be assembled;
the lifting plate is connected to the fixing frame in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, the first part to be assembled is used for bearing on the lifting plate, and the lifting driving device is connected with the lifting plate and used for driving the lifting plate to move upwards;
the second positioning mechanism is connected to the lifting plate and used for propping against the first part to be assembled borne on the lifting plate to position the first part to be assembled;
the positioning tool is connected to the lifting plate and is used for placing the corresponding second component to be assembled.
Further provided is a specific structure of the second positioning mechanism, wherein the second positioning mechanism comprises a first positioning block and a second positioning block; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the first positioning block is connected to the lifting plate and used for propping against the left end part or the right end part of the first part to be assembled;
the second positioning block is connected to the lifting plate and used for propping against the front end or the rear end of the first part to be assembled.
Further, the first positioning block is in locking connection with the lifting plate through at least one first bolt, first waist-shaped holes which are in one-to-one correspondence with the first bolts are formed in the first positioning block, the length direction of each first waist-shaped hole is arranged along the left-right direction, and the first bolts penetrate through the corresponding first waist-shaped holes and are in threaded connection with the lifting plate;
the second positioning block is locked and connected to the lifting plate through at least one second bolt, second waist-shaped holes corresponding to the second bolts one by one are formed in the second positioning block, the length direction of each second waist-shaped hole is arranged along the front-back direction, and the second bolts penetrate through the corresponding second waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate through threads;
the positioning tool is locked and connected on the lifting plate through at least one third bolt, third waist-shaped holes corresponding to the third bolts one by one are formed in the positioning tool, and the third bolts penetrate through the corresponding third waist-shaped holes and are connected on the lifting plate in a threaded mode.
The application also provides a use method of the flexible positioning assembly equipment, which comprises the following steps:
s1: installing the component to be assembled into the lower-layer positioning device, and installing the basic component into the upper-layer positioning device;
s2: driving the lower layer positioning device to move upwards to be in place through the lifting driving device so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards to be assembled with the basic component to be in place;
s3: the component to be assembled, which is assembled in place, is attached to the base component.
Providing the specific operation of the steps S1-S3, wherein the basic component is provided with a hollowed-out groove, and the second component to be assembled is provided with a wire harness;
the specific steps of the step S1 are as follows:
placing the first part to be assembled on the lifting plate, enabling the first part to be assembled to prop against the first positioning block and the second positioning block, and placing the second part to be assembled in the corresponding positioning tool;
placing the base member on the left and right support plates and abutting the base member against the front, left and right stops;
penetrating a wire harness on the second part to be assembled through the hollowed-out groove on the basic part;
the specific steps of the step S2 are as follows: driving the lifting plate to rise by the lifting driving device so as to enable the first part to be assembled and the second part to be assembled to be attached to the lower end part of the basic part;
the specific steps of the step S3 are as follows: the first part to be assembled and the second part to be assembled are connected to the base part with fasteners.
Further, before step S1, step S0 is further included: sliding the left support plate and the right support plate so as to adjust the positions of the left support plate and the right support plate on the fixing frame, and then locking and fixing the left support plate and the right support plate on the fixing frame; and adjusting the positions of the first positioning block, the second positioning block and the positioning tool on the lifting plate, and then locking and fixing the first positioning block, the second positioning block and the positioning tool on the lifting plate.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the basic component is firstly installed on the upper layer positioning device and in place, the component to be assembled is installed in the lower layer positioning device and in place, then the lifting driving device drives the lower layer positioning device to lift, the component to be assembled is further lifted to be assembled with the basic component in place, and then an operator can assemble and connect the component to be assembled with the basic component through a fastener. The basic component and the component to be assembled can be hoisted in place, the basic component can be a shell in the inverter, the component to be assembled can be provided with a plurality of components, and the components to be assembled can be a radiator and a plurality of inductance components. The flexible positioning assembly equipment provided by the embodiment of the application can be used for assembling larger and heavier components, such as a shell, an inductance component and a radiator in an inverter, is beneficial to improving the assembly efficiency, has a simple and compact overall structure, saves the occupied space, and reduces the manufacturing, using and maintaining costs.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a flexible positioning assembly apparatus of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the flexible positioning assembly apparatus of the present application after the base member and the member to be assembled are mounted in place;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the locking mechanism of the present application.
Detailed Description
In order that the application may be more readily understood, a more particular description of the application will be rendered by reference to specific embodiments that are illustrated in the appended drawings.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a flexible positioning assembly device includes a fixing frame 100, an upper layer positioning device 200, a lower layer positioning device 300 and a lifting driving device; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the upper layer positioning device 200 is connected to the fixing frame 100, and the upper layer positioning device 200 is used for placing the basic component 1 and positioning the basic component 1;
the lower positioning device 300 is slidably connected to the fixing frame 100 along the up-down direction, and the lower positioning device 300 is used for placing at least one component to be assembled and positioning the component to be assembled;
the lifting driving device is connected with the lower positioning device 300 and is used for driving the lower positioning device 300 to move upwards to be in place so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards to be assembled with the basic component 1. Specifically, the base member 1 is first mounted on the upper positioning device 200 and in place, the member to be assembled is mounted in the lower positioning device 300 and in place, then the lifting driving device drives the lower positioning device 300 to lift, and further the member to be assembled is lifted to be assembled with the base member 1, and then an operator can assemble and connect the member to be assembled and the base member 1 together through fasteners. Wherein, the basic component 1 and the component to be assembled can be hoisted in place. The basic component 1 may be a housing in an inverter, the component to be assembled may be provided with a plurality of components, and the plurality of components to be assembled may be a radiator and a plurality of inductance components.
The flexible positioning assembly equipment provided by the embodiment of the application can be used for assembling larger and heavier components, such as a shell, an inductance component and a radiator in an inverter, and is beneficial to improving the assembly efficiency. And the whole structure is simple and compact, the occupied space is saved, and the manufacturing, using and maintaining costs are reduced.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the upper positioning device 200 is, for example and not limited to, a structure including a left support plate 2, a right support plate 3, and a first positioning mechanism; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 are both connected to the fixing frame 100, and the basic component 1 is used for bearing on the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3;
the first positioning mechanism is connected to the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3, and is used for positioning the basic component 1 borne on the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the first positioning mechanism may include:
a left stopper 4 attached to the left support plate 2;
a right stopper 5 attached to the right support plate 3;
a front stopper 6 attached to the left support plate 2 or the right support plate 3; specifically, the left stopper 4 is used to abut against the left end portion of the base member 1, the right stopper 5 is used to abut against the right end portion of the base member 1, and the front stopper 6 is used to abut against the front end portion of the base member 1 to position the base member 1; in this embodiment, the front block 6 is attached to the left support plate 2.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the upper positioning device 200 may further include a locking mechanism; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 are respectively connected to the fixing frame 100 in a sliding manner along the left-right direction;
the locking mechanism is connected to the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3, respectively, and is used for locking the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 on the fixing frame 100 when the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 slide on the fixing frame 100 to a proper position. In this embodiment, the locking device comprises a locking guide rail 7, a left locking bolt 8 and a right locking bolt. The locking guide rail 7 is connected to the fixing frame 100, and the locking guide rail 7 is provided with a locking groove 9; the left locking bolt 8 is in threaded connection with the left support plate 2 and is used for being screwed into the locking groove 9 and abutted against the locking guide rail 7 so as to lock and fix the position of the left support plate 2; the right locking bolt is in threaded connection with the right support plate 3 and is used for being screwed into the locking groove 9 and abutted against the locking guide rail 7 so as to lock and fix the position of the right support plate 3. Specifically, by adjusting the positions of the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3, the base members 1 with different lengths can be adapted, so that the base members 1 with different lengths can be carried on the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3, and the universality is improved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the lower positioning device 300 is configured to place a plurality of parts to be assembled, where a first part to be assembled 10 and at least one second part to be assembled may be included;
the lower positioning device 300 includes, for example, but not limited to, a lifting plate 11, a second positioning mechanism, and a positioning tool 12 corresponding to the second component to be assembled;
the lifting plate 11 is slidably connected to the fixing frame 100 along a vertical direction, the first part to be assembled 10 is used for bearing on the lifting plate 11, and the lifting driving device is connected with the lifting plate 11 and is used for driving the lifting plate 11 to move upwards;
the second positioning mechanism is connected to the lifting plate 11 and is used for being propped against the first part to be assembled 10 borne on the lifting plate 11 to position the first part to be assembled 10;
the positioning tool 12 is connected to the lifting plate 11, and the positioning tool 12 is used for placing the corresponding second component to be assembled; the specific structure of the positioning tool 12 is a prior art well known to those skilled in the art, and detailed description is omitted in this embodiment.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the second positioning mechanism may include a first positioning block 13 and a second positioning block 14; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the first positioning block 13 is connected to the lifting plate 11 and is used for abutting against the left end part or the right end part of the first part to be assembled 10;
the second positioning block 14 is connected to the lifting plate 11 and is used for abutting against the front end or the rear end of the first part to be assembled 10, so that the first part to be assembled 10 is positioned by the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14. In this embodiment, the first part to be assembled 10 is carried on the lifting plate 11 and abuts against the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14, the second part to be assembled is placed in the positioning tool 12, and the lifting driving device is connected with the lifting plate 11 and is used for driving the lifting plate 11 to move upwards, so as to drive the first part to be assembled 10 and the second part to be assembled to raise against the lower end of the base part 1, and further enable the first part to be assembled 10 and the second part to be assembled in place with the base part 1 respectively. Wherein the first part to be assembled 10 is a heat sink, and the second part to be assembled is an inductance component.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the first positioning block 13 may be locked and connected to the lifting plate 11 by at least one first bolt, the first positioning block 13 is provided with first waist-shaped holes corresponding to the first bolts one to one, the length direction of the first waist-shaped holes is set along the left-right direction, and the first bolts pass through the corresponding first waist-shaped holes and are then screwed to the lifting plate 11. The second positioning block 14 may be locked and connected to the lifting plate 11 by at least one second bolt, the second positioning block 14 is provided with second waist-shaped holes corresponding to the second bolts one by one, the length direction of the second waist-shaped holes is set along the front-back direction, and the second bolts pass through the corresponding second waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate 11 by threads. Specifically, unscrewing the first bolt is followed by adjusting the left and right positions of the first positioning block 13 through the first waist-shaped hole, unscrewing the second bolt is followed by adjusting the front and rear positions of the second positioning block 14 through the second waist-shaped hole, so that the front and rear positions and the left and right positions of the first part to be assembled 10 on the lifting plate 11 can be adjusted, the first part to be assembled 10 with different sizes can also be adapted, and the universality is stronger. After the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14 are adjusted in place, the first bolt and the second bolt are screwed down again to lock and fix the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14 on the lifting plate 11; in this embodiment, the first bolt and the second bolt may be provided with two or more bolts, respectively.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the positioning tool 12 may be locked and connected to the lifting plate 11 by at least one third bolt, the positioning tool 12 is provided with third waist-shaped holes corresponding to the third bolts one by one, and the third bolts pass through the corresponding third waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate 11 by threads; specifically, the third bolt is loosened, and then the position of the positioning tool 12 is adjusted through the third waist-shaped hole, so that the position of the second component to be assembled on the lifting plate 11 can be adjusted, and then the third bolt is tightened again to lock and fix the positioning tool 12 on the lifting plate 11. In this embodiment, each positioning tool 12 may be connected to the lifting plate 11 through two or more third bolts, and two positioning tools 12 are provided.
In this embodiment, the lifting drive means comprises a lifting motor 15, a control button 16 and at least one screw lift; wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the screw rod lifter is installed on the fixing frame 100 and connected with the lifting plate 11;
the lifting motor 15 is connected with the screw rod lifter and is used for driving the screw rod lifter to act so as to drive the lifting plate 11 to lift and descend;
the control button 16 is connected to the lifting motor 15 and is used for controlling the lifting motor 15 to act.
In this embodiment, the fixing frame 100 includes a frame body 17 and a bottom plate 18 connected to the frame body 17;
the lifting plate 11 is connected to the bottom plate 18 in a sliding manner through at least two guide posts 19;
the screw rod lifter and the lifting motor 15 are connected to the bottom plate 18; the specific structure of the screw rod lifter is a prior art well known to those skilled in the art, and detailed description is omitted in this embodiment.
In this embodiment, the bottom plate 18 is further connected with a damping buffer 20, and the damping buffer 20 is used for buffering, damping and protecting during the lifting process of the lifting plate 11.
Example two
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a method for using the flexible positioning and assembling device as described in the first embodiment, the method includes the steps of:
s1: mounting the component to be assembled into the lower-layer positioning device 300, and mounting the base component 1 into the upper-layer positioning device 200;
s2: driving the lower positioning device 300 to move upwards into position by the lifting driving device so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards into position with the basic component 1;
s3: the component to be assembled, which is assembled in place, is attached to the base component 1.
As shown in fig. 2, the base member 1 is provided with a hollow groove 21, and the second member to be assembled is provided with a wire harness 22.
The specific steps of the step S1 are as follows:
placing the first part to be assembled 10 on the lifting plate 11 and enabling the first part to be assembled 10 to abut against the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14, and placing the second part to be assembled in the corresponding positioning tool 12 so as to enable the first part to be assembled 10 and the second part to be assembled to be in place;
placing the base member 1 on the left and right support plates 2, 3 and abutting the base member 1 against the front stop 6, left stop 4, and right stop 5 to hold the base member 1 in place;
the wire harness 22 on the second part to be assembled is passed through the hollow-out groove 21 on the base part 1.
The specific steps of the step S2 are as follows: the lifting plate 11 is driven to rise by the lifting drive means to raise the first part to be assembled 10 and the second part to be assembled to fit on the lower end portion of the base part 1.
The specific steps of the step S3 are as follows: the first part to be assembled 10 and the second part to be assembled are attached to the base part 1 with fasteners. In this embodiment, the fasteners include, but are not limited to, bolts and nuts; the basic component 1 is a housing in an inverter, the housing is provided with a hollowed groove 21, the first component 10 to be assembled is a radiator, the second component to be assembled is an inductance component, and the inductance component is provided with a wire harness 22. When the lifting plate 11 is at a low position, a certain space is reserved between the housing and the inductance assembly, so that an operator can conveniently pass the wiring harness 22 through the hollowed-out groove 21.
Specifically, step S0 may be further included before step S1: sliding the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 to adjust positions of the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 on the fixing frame 100, and then locking and fixing the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 on the fixing frame 100; and adjusting the positions of the first positioning block 13, the second positioning block 14 and the positioning tool 12 on the lifting plate 11, and then locking and fixing the first positioning block 13, the second positioning block 14 and the positioning tool 12 on the lifting plate 11.
Specifically, in step S0, the specific operation of adjusting the positions of the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 on the fixing frame 100 is as follows: the left locking bolt 8 and the right locking bolt are loosened, then the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 are slid to proper positions, and then the left locking bolt 8 and the right locking bolt are tightened so that the left locking bolt 8 and the right locking bolt extend into the locking groove 9 and are abutted against the locking guide rail 7, and further the positions of the left support plate 2 and the right support plate 3 are locked and fixed. Further specifically, in step S0, the specific operations of adjusting the positions of the first positioning block 13, the second positioning block 14, and the positioning tool 12 are as follows: the left and right positions of the first positioning block 13 are adjusted through the first waist-shaped holes after the first bolts are unscrewed, the front and rear positions of the second positioning block 14 are adjusted through the second waist-shaped holes after the second bolts are unscrewed, and the positions of the positioning tool 12 are adjusted through the third waist-shaped holes after the third bolts are unscrewed. After the first positioning block 13, the second positioning block 14 and the positioning tool 12 are adjusted in place, the first bolt and the second bolt are tightened again to fix the first positioning block 13 and the second positioning block 14 on the lifting plate 11 in a locking manner, and the third bolt is tightened to fix the positioning tool 12 on the lifting plate 11 in a locking manner.
In summary, the base member 1 is first mounted on the upper positioning device 200 and in place, the member to be assembled is mounted in the lower positioning device 300 and in place, then the lifting driving device drives the lower positioning device 300 to lift, thereby lifting the member to be assembled with the base member 1, and then an operator can assemble and connect the member to be assembled with the base member 1 by using fasteners. The basic component 1 and the component to be assembled can be hoisted in place, the basic component 1 can be a shell in an inverter, the component to be assembled can be provided with a plurality of components, and the components to be assembled can be a radiator and a plurality of inductance components. The flexible positioning assembly equipment provided by the embodiment of the application can be used for assembling larger and heavier components, such as a shell, an inductance component and a radiator in an inverter, is beneficial to improving the assembly efficiency, has a simple and compact overall structure, saves the occupied space, and reduces the manufacturing, using and maintaining costs.
The technical problems, technical solutions and advantageous effects solved by the present application have been further described in detail in the above-described embodiments, and it should be understood that the above-described embodiments are only illustrative of the present application and are not intended to limit the present application, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present application should be included in the scope of protection of the present application.

Claims (7)

1. The flexible positioning and assembling device is characterized by comprising a fixing frame (100), an upper layer positioning device (200), a lower layer positioning device (300) and a lifting driving device;
the upper layer positioning device (200) is connected to the fixing frame (100), and the upper layer positioning device (200) is used for placing a basic component (1) and positioning the basic component (1);
the lower layer positioning device (300) is connected to the fixing frame (100) in a sliding manner along the up-down direction, and the lower layer positioning device (300) is used for placing at least one part to be assembled and positioning the part to be assembled;
the lifting driving device is connected with the lower layer positioning device (300) and is used for driving the lower layer positioning device (300) to move upwards to be in place so as to enable the part to be assembled to move upwards to be assembled with the basic part (1);
wherein the upper layer positioning device (200) comprises a left support plate (2), a right support plate (3) and a first positioning mechanism;
the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) are both connected to the fixing frame (100), and the basic component (1) is used for bearing on the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3);
the first positioning mechanism is connected to the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) and is used for positioning a basic component (1) borne on the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3);
the upper layer positioning device (200) further comprises a locking mechanism, the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) are respectively connected to the fixing frame (100) in a sliding mode along the left-right direction, and the locking mechanism is respectively connected with the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) and is used for locking the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) on the fixing frame (100) when the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) slide on the fixing frame (100) in place;
the locking mechanism comprises a locking guide rail (7), a left locking bolt (8) and a right locking bolt, wherein the locking guide rail (7) is connected to the fixing frame (100), and a locking groove (9) is formed in the locking guide rail (7); the left locking bolt (8) is in threaded connection with the left supporting plate (2) and is used for being screwed into the locking groove (9) and abutted against the locking guide rail (7) so as to lock and fix the position of the left supporting plate (2); the right locking bolt is in threaded connection with the right supporting plate (3) and is used for being screwed into the locking groove (9) and abutted against the locking guide rail (7) so as to lock and fix the position of the right supporting plate (3);
wherein the lower layer positioning device (300) is used for placing a plurality of parts to be assembled, and the parts to be assembled comprise a first part to be assembled (10) and at least one second part to be assembled;
the lower layer positioning device (300) comprises a lifting plate (11), a second positioning mechanism and a positioning tool (12) corresponding to the second part to be assembled;
the lifting plate (11) is connected to the fixing frame (100) in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, the first part (10) to be assembled is used for bearing on the lifting plate (11), and the lifting driving device is connected with the lifting plate (11) and used for driving the lifting plate (11) to move upwards;
the second positioning mechanism is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for propping against a first part (10) to be assembled borne on the lifting plate (11) to position the first part (10) to be assembled;
the positioning tool (12) is connected to the lifting plate (11), and the positioning tool (12) is used for placing the corresponding second part to be assembled;
wherein the lifting driving device comprises a lifting motor (15), a control button (16) and at least one screw rod lifter;
the screw rod lifter is arranged on the fixing frame (100) and is connected with the lifting plate (11);
the lifting motor (15) is connected with the screw rod lifter and used for driving the screw rod lifter to act so as to drive the lifting plate (11) to lift and descend;
the control button (16) is connected with the lifting motor (15) and is used for controlling the lifting motor (15) to act;
wherein the fixing frame (100) comprises a frame body (17) and a bottom plate (18) connected to the frame body (17);
the lifting plate (11) is connected to the bottom plate (18) in a sliding manner through at least two guide posts (19);
the screw rod lifter and the lifting motor (15) are connected to the bottom plate (18);
the bottom plate (18) is also connected with a damping buffer (20) for buffering and damping the lifting plate (11) in the lifting process of the lifting plate (11).
2. The flexible positioning assembly device of claim 1, wherein the first positioning mechanism comprises:
a left stopper (4) connected to the left support plate (2);
a right stopper (5) connected to the right support plate (3);
and a front stop block (6) connected to the left support plate (2) or the right support plate (3).
3. The flexible positioning assembly device according to claim 1, characterized in that the second positioning mechanism comprises a first positioning block (13) and a second positioning block (14); wherein, the liquid crystal display device comprises a liquid crystal display device,
the first positioning block (13) is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for abutting against the left end part or the right end part of the first part (10) to be assembled;
the second positioning block (14) is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for abutting against the front end or the rear end of the first part (10) to be assembled.
4. A flexible positioning assembly device as defined in claim 3, wherein,
the first positioning block (13) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one first bolt, first waist-shaped holes corresponding to the first bolts one by one are formed in the first positioning block (13), the length direction of each first waist-shaped hole is arranged in the left-right direction, and the first bolts penetrate through the corresponding first waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads;
the second positioning block (14) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one second bolt, second waist-shaped holes corresponding to the second bolts one by one are formed in the second positioning block (14), the length direction of each second waist-shaped hole is arranged along the front-back direction, and the second bolts penetrate through the corresponding second waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads;
the positioning tool (12) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one third bolt, third waist-shaped holes corresponding to the third bolts one by one are formed in the positioning tool (12), and the third bolts penetrate through the corresponding third waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads.
5. A method of using the flexible positioning assembly device of any of claims 1-4, wherein the method comprises the steps of:
s1: -mounting the component to be assembled into the lower level positioning device (300), and-mounting the basic component (1) into the upper level positioning device (200);
s2: driving the lower layer positioning device (300) to move upwards into position by the lifting driving device so as to enable the component to be assembled to move upwards into position with the basic component (1);
s3: -mounting and connecting the component to be assembled in place to the base component (1).
6. The method of claim 5, wherein,
the upper layer positioning device (200) comprises a left support plate (2), a right support plate (3) and a first positioning mechanism;
the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) are both connected to the fixing frame (100), and the basic component (1) is used for bearing on the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3);
the first positioning mechanism is connected to the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) and is used for positioning a basic component (1) borne on the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3);
the first positioning mechanism includes:
a left stopper (4) connected to the left support plate (2);
a right stopper (5) connected to the right support plate (3);
a front stop (6) connected to the left support plate (2) or to the right support plate (3);
the lower layer positioning device (300) is used for placing a plurality of parts to be assembled, and the parts to be assembled comprise a first part to be assembled (10) and at least one second part to be assembled;
the lower layer positioning device (300) comprises a lifting plate (11), a second positioning mechanism and a positioning tool (12) corresponding to the second part to be assembled;
the lifting plate (11) is connected to the fixing frame (100) in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, the first part (10) to be assembled is used for bearing on the lifting plate (11), and the lifting driving device is connected with the lifting plate (11) and used for driving the lifting plate (11) to move upwards;
the second positioning mechanism is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for propping against a first part (10) to be assembled borne on the lifting plate (11) to position the first part (10) to be assembled;
the positioning tool (12) is connected to the lifting plate (11), and the positioning tool (12) is used for placing the corresponding second part to be assembled;
the second positioning mechanism comprises a first positioning block (13) and a second positioning block (14);
the first positioning block (13) is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for abutting against the left end part or the right end part of the first part (10) to be assembled;
the second positioning block (14) is connected to the lifting plate (11) and is used for propping against the front end part or the rear end part of the first part (10) to be assembled;
a hollow groove (21) is formed in the basic component (1), and a wire harness (22) is arranged on the second component to be assembled;
the specific steps of the step S1 are as follows:
placing the first part to be assembled (10) on the lifting plate (11) and enabling the first part to be assembled (10) to abut against the first positioning block (13) and the second positioning block (14), and placing the second part to be assembled in the corresponding positioning tool (12);
-placing the basic part (1) on the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) and bringing the basic part (1) against the front stop (6), left stop (4) and right stop (5);
penetrating a wire harness (22) on the second part to be assembled through a hollowed-out groove (21) on the basic part (1);
the specific steps of the step S2 are as follows: driving the lifting plate (11) to rise by the lifting driving device so as to raise the first part to be assembled (10) and the second part to be assembled to fit on the lower end of the basic part (1);
the specific steps of the step S3 are as follows: -connecting the first part to be assembled (10) and the second part to be assembled to the basic part (1) with fasteners.
7. The method of claim 6, wherein,
the upper layer positioning device (200) further comprises a locking mechanism;
the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) are respectively connected to the fixing frame (100) in a sliding manner along the left-right direction;
the locking mechanism is respectively connected with the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) and is used for locking the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) on the fixed frame (100) when the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) slide on the fixed frame (100) in place;
the first positioning block (13) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one first bolt, first waist-shaped holes corresponding to the first bolts one by one are formed in the first positioning block (13), the length direction of each first waist-shaped hole is arranged in the left-right direction, and the first bolts penetrate through the corresponding first waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads;
the second positioning block (14) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one second bolt, second waist-shaped holes corresponding to the second bolts one by one are formed in the second positioning block (14), the length direction of each second waist-shaped hole is arranged along the front-back direction, and the second bolts penetrate through the corresponding second waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads;
the positioning tool (12) is locked and connected to the lifting plate (11) through at least one third bolt, third waist-shaped holes corresponding to the third bolts one by one are formed in the positioning tool (12), and the third bolts penetrate through the corresponding third waist-shaped holes and are connected to the lifting plate (11) through threads;
wherein, further comprising step S0: sliding the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) so as to adjust the positions of the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) on the fixing frame (100), and then locking and fixing the left support plate (2) and the right support plate (3) on the fixing frame (100); and adjusting the positions of the first positioning block (13), the second positioning block (14) and the positioning tool (12) on the lifting plate (11), and then locking and fixing the first positioning block (13), the second positioning block (14) and the positioning tool (12) on the lifting plate (11).
CN202211553421.8A 2022-12-06 2022-12-06 Flexible positioning and assembling equipment and using method thereof Active CN115741550B (en)

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