CN115413621A - Intelligent breeding device and method for penaeus vannamei boone - Google Patents

Intelligent breeding device and method for penaeus vannamei boone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115413621A
CN115413621A CN202210823899.1A CN202210823899A CN115413621A CN 115413621 A CN115413621 A CN 115413621A CN 202210823899 A CN202210823899 A CN 202210823899A CN 115413621 A CN115413621 A CN 115413621A
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China
Prior art keywords
area
shrimp
grade
breeding
water
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CN202210823899.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周发林
姜松
江世贵
杨其彬
李运东
马振华
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Sanya Tropical Fisheries Research Institute
South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences
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Sanya Tropical Fisheries Research Institute
South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute Chinese Academy Fishery Sciences
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Priority to CN202210823899.1A priority Critical patent/CN115413621A/en
Publication of CN115413621A publication Critical patent/CN115413621A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/047Liquid pumps for aquaria
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01KMEASURING TEMPERATURE; MEASURING QUANTITY OF HEAT; THERMALLY-SENSITIVE ELEMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01K13/00Thermometers specially adapted for specific purposes
    • G01K13/02Thermometers specially adapted for specific purposes for measuring temperature of moving fluids or granular materials capable of flow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent breeding device and method for Penaeus vannamei Boone, which comprises a breeding pond, wherein three groups of isolation blocks are sequentially arranged in the breeding pond along the length direction, the breeding pond is sequentially divided into a throwing area, a low-grade shrimp seedling area, a middle-grade shrimp seedling area and a high-grade shrimp seedling area through the three groups of isolation blocks, one side of the breeding pond is provided with three water inlets, the other side of the breeding pond is provided with a water outlet, the water inlets and the water outlet are respectively provided with an interception net, the three water inlets are respectively matched and connected with one end of a shunt pipe, the other end of the shunt pipe is matched and connected with a four-way joint, the four-way joint is also matched and connected with a main flow pipe, the main flow pipe is matched and connected with a water storage tank, the four-way joint is provided with a control valve, the main flow pipe is provided with a first water pump, offspring enriched with high-quality genetic genes can be obtained, and the quality of the Penaeus vannamei Boone and the survival rate in the breeding process are further promoted.

Description

Intelligent breeding device and method for Penaeus vannamei Boone
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of aquatic animal breeding equipment, in particular to an intelligent breeding device and method for Penaeus vannamei Boone.
Background
Penaeus vannamei belongs to the family Penaeidae, genus Penaeus, and belongs to the phylum Arthropoda, class Crustacea, order Decodactyla. The penaeus vannamei boone has the characteristics of high growth speed, poor feeding property, strong adaptability, low oxygen resistance, less diseases, easy culture and transportation and the like, has rich nutrition, tender meat quality and delicious taste, is popular with people, and becomes the most important penaeus vannamei boone culture variety in China. The existing breeding mode of the penaeus vannamei boone is generally group breeding or crossbreeding, and the basic flow of the traditional breeding mode is breeding-testing-calculating (genetic parameters, mating schemes and the like), mating (natural mating or artificial directional mating) -breeding until the next generation. Traditional breeding methods involve much investment in intelligence and labor, and do not exploit the techniques associated with modern facility fisheries in breeding efforts. With the rise and development of the intelligent fishery and facility fishery, an intelligent and industrialized breeding device and a matched breeding method are urgently needed in the field of breeding of the penaeus vannamei boone to meet the breeding requirements of the penaeus vannamei boone under new situation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art and provides an intelligent breeding device and method for Penaeus vannamei Boone.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
the invention discloses an intelligent breeding device for Penaeus vannamei Boone in a first aspect, which comprises a breeding pool, wherein three groups of isolation blocks are sequentially arranged in the breeding pool along the length direction, and the breeding pool is sequentially divided into a throwing area, a low-grade shrimp seedling area, a middle-grade shrimp seedling area and a high-grade shrimp seedling area through the three groups of isolation blocks;
three water inlet has been seted up to one side in breeding pond, and a delivery port has been seted up to the opposite side, all be provided with the interception net in water inlet and the delivery port, and three the water inlet all is connected with the one end cooperation of shunt tubes, the other end and the cross connection cooperation of shunt tubes are connected, it is connected with the mainstream pipe still to cooperate on the cross connection, the mainstream pipe is connected with the water storage box cooperation, be provided with control flap on the cross connection, be provided with first suction pump on the mainstream pipe, the delivery port is connected with the one end cooperation of back flow, the other end of back flow with the water storage box is linked together, be provided with the second suction pump on the back flow.
Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the front and rear sides of the isolation block are provided with slopes, and the slopes are arranged at a predetermined angle.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a first guide rail is disposed on one side of the top of the selective breeding pool, a first mounting frame is mounted on the first guide rail, a first motor is fixedly mounted on the first mounting frame, an output end of the first motor is connected with a first coupling in a matching manner, the first coupling is connected with a first threaded lead screw in a matching manner, and a first sliding block is connected to the first threaded lead screw in a sliding manner.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a second guide rail is disposed on the other side of the top of the breeding pool, a second mounting rack is mounted on the second guide rail, a second motor is fixedly mounted on the second mounting rack, an output end of the second motor is connected to a second coupling in a matching manner, the second coupling is connected to a second threaded screw in a matching manner, and a second sliding block is slidably connected to the second threaded screw.
Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a first supporting column is fixedly connected to the first sliding block, a second supporting column is fixedly connected to the second sliding block, a fixing plate is erected between the first supporting column and the second supporting column, and at least one set of salinity adjusting mechanism is disposed on the fixing plate.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the salinity adjusting mechanism includes a storage hopper, a sample outlet is connected to the bottom of the storage hopper in a matching manner, an electric control mechanism is disposed on the sample outlet, the electric control mechanism includes an upper mounting bar, the upper mounting bar is rotatably connected to a lower mounting bar through a hinge base, the upper mounting bar is fixedly mounted on the sample outlet, a first electromagnetic coil is disposed at the bottom of the sample outlet, the upper mounting bar is provided with a second electromagnetic coil, the lower mounting bar is provided with a sealing plug, and the outer diameter of the sealing plug is equal to the inner diameter of the first electromagnetic coil.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, water temperature adjusting rods are arranged in the low-grade shrimp fry area, the middle-grade shrimp fry area and the high-grade shrimp fry area, and a protection net is sleeved on the water temperature adjusting rods.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, first sensors are disposed in the low-grade shrimp larvae zone, the medium-grade shrimp larvae zone and the high-grade shrimp larvae zone, and the first sensors are used for detecting water temperature information.
Further, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, second sensors are disposed in the low-stage shrimp larvae area, the medium-stage shrimp larvae area and the high-stage shrimp larvae area, and the second sensors are used for detecting salinity information of the water body.
The invention discloses a use method of the intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone on the other hand, which is applied to any one of the intelligent breeding devices for the Penaeus vannamei Boone, and comprises the following steps:
opening a control valve, and starting a first water pump and a second water pump, so that the water body continuously flows along the breeding pond, and a turbulent flow is formed;
putting the seedlings into a putting area, and climbing and moving the seedlings along the slope of the isolation block under the habit of preferring to backwater and backwater to go up;
the seedlings are screened to a low-grade shrimp seedling area, a medium-grade shrimp seedling area and a high-grade shrimp seedling area according to the strength of the climbing swimming ability of the seedlings;
closing the control valve, and stopping the first water pump and the second water pump;
controlling the water temperature adjusting rod to start so as to respectively adjust the water body temperature in the low-grade shrimp larvae area, the medium-grade shrimp larvae area and the high-grade shrimp larvae area to preset values;
controlling the salinity adjusting mechanism to start so as to respectively adjust the salinity of the water body in the low-grade shrimp larvae area, the medium-grade shrimp larvae area and the high-grade shrimp larvae area to preset values;
after the preset time, the young shrimps are respectively fished out in the low-level shrimp fry area, the middle-level shrimp fry area and the high-level shrimp fry area, and the breeding process is completed.
The invention solves the technical defects in the background technology, and has the following beneficial effects: the breeding pond is divided into a throwing area, a low-grade shrimp fry area, a middle-grade shrimp fry area and a high-grade shrimp fry area by the isolation blocks, and the shrimp fries with different activity grades can be bred, so that the activity degree screening process is completed; the salinity and the temperature of the water body in each shrimp larvae zone can be adjusted through the salinity adjusting mechanism and the water temperature adjusting rod, so that the breeding of different levels of salinity resistance and high temperature resistance is carried out on the larvae in each shrimp larvae zone, and then the offspring of higher-quality genetic genes is obtained, and the quality and the survival rate of the prawns in the breeding process are further promoted.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that drawings of other embodiments can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a seed selection device;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a shunt tube configuration;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a breeding pool structure;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the first guide rail and the second guide rail;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a spacer block structure;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a salinity regulating mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the first and second solenoid coils;
the reference numerals are explained below: 101. a breeding pond; 102. an isolation block; 103. a throwing area; 104. a low-grade shrimp larvae zone; 105. a medium shrimp fry area; 106. a high-grade shrimp larvae area; 107. an interception net; 108. a shunt tube; 109. a four-way joint; 201. a main flow pipe; 202. a water storage tank; 203. a control valve; 204. a first water pump; 205. a return pipe; 206. a second water pump; 207. a slope; 208. a first guide rail; 209. a first mounting bracket; 301. a first motor; 302. a first coupling; 303. a first threaded lead screw; 304. a first slider; 305. a second guide rail; 306. a second mounting bracket; 307. a second motor; 308. a second coupling; 309. a second threaded lead screw; 401. a second slider; 402. a first support column; 403. a second support column; 404. a fixing plate; 405. a storage hopper; 406. a sample outlet; 407. mounting a strip; 408. hinging seat; 409. a lower mounting bar; 501. a first electromagnetic coil; 502. a second electromagnetic coil; 503. a sealing plug; 504. a water temperature adjusting rod.
Detailed Description
In order that the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more clearly understood, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description, wherein the drawings are simplified schematic drawings and only the basic structure of the present invention is illustrated schematically, so that only the structure related to the present invention is shown, and it is to be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application can be combined with each other without conflict.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientation or positional relationship indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and are not to be considered limiting of the scope of the present application. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present application, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art through specific situations.
To facilitate an understanding of the invention, the invention will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings. Preferred embodiments of the present invention are shown in the drawings. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete.
The invention discloses an intelligent breeding device for Penaeus vannamei Boone, which comprises a breeding pool 101, wherein three groups of isolation blocks 102 are sequentially arranged in the breeding pool 101 along the length direction, and the breeding pool 101 is sequentially divided into a putting-in area 103, a low-grade shrimp seedling area 104, a middle-grade shrimp seedling area 105 and a high-grade shrimp seedling area 106 through the three groups of isolation blocks 102.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, three water inlet has been seted up to one side of breeding pond 101, and a delivery port has been seted up to the opposite side, all be provided with the interception net 107 in water inlet and the delivery port, and three the water inlet all is connected with the one end cooperation of shunt tubes 108, the other end and the cross fitting 109 cooperation of shunt tubes 108 are connected, it has mainstream pipe 201 still to cooperate to be connected on the cross fitting 109, mainstream pipe 201 is connected with the water storage box 202 cooperation, be provided with control valve 203 on the cross fitting 109, be provided with first suction pump 204 on the mainstream pipe 201, the delivery port is connected with the one end cooperation of back flow 205, the other end of back flow 205 with water storage box 202 is linked together, be provided with second suction pump 206 on the back flow 205.
It should be noted that, when the device is needed to be used for breeding young shrimps, firstly, the control valve 203 is opened, the first water pump 204 and the second water pump 206 are started, water in the water storage tank 202 is pumped into the main flow pipe 201 through the first water pump 204, then the water is shunted by the four-way joint 109 and then shunted into the shunt pipes 108, and then flows into the advanced young shrimp area 106 through the shunt pipes 108, and the three shunt pipes 108 are designed for the purpose that the water can more uniformly flow into the advanced young shrimp area 106, so that the natural water flow condition is truly simulated, and the young shrimp breeding quality is improved. After the water flows to the high-level shrimp seedling area 106, the water flows along the high-level shrimp seedling area 106, the middle-level shrimp seedling area 105, the low-level shrimp seedling area 104 and the throwing area 103 in sequence, is discharged from a water outlet, and is pumped back to the water storage tank 202 along the return pipe 205 under the action of the second water suction pump 206, so that the water recycling function is achieved, resources are further saved, and the water forms turbulence in the breeding pond 101, so that after a worker puts seedlings into the throwing area 103, due to the fact that the seedlings are favored to be backwardly watered, the seedlings with vitality climb to the obstacle zone between the throwing area 103 and the low-level shrimp seedling area 104 and swim into the low-level shrimp seedling area 104, so that the seedlings complete initial breeding, and if a part of the seedlings stay in the throwing area 103, the vitality of the part of the seedlings is extremely low, and the part of the seedlings is not suitable for being used as seedlings, and should be eliminated. Similarly, the young shrimps with better activity in the low-level young shrimp area 104 continuously climb to the barrier zone between the low-level young shrimp area 104 and the middle-level young shrimp area 105 to swim to the middle-level young shrimp area 105, while the young shrimps with lower activity stay in the low-level young shrimp area, so that the young shrimps with lower activity are screened out. Similarly, the young shrimps with excellent activity in the middle-level shrimp seedling area 105 continuously climb to the barrier zone between the middle-level shrimp seedling area 105 and the high-level shrimp seedling area 106 to move to the high-level shrimp seedling area 106, the young shrimps with good activity stay in the middle-level young seedling area, and the young shrimps with excellent activity move to the high-level shrimp seedling area 106, so that the young shrimps with good activity and excellent activity are screened out. Therefore, the shrimp seeds with different vitality grades can be selected, and the vitality screening process is completed. It should be noted that after the seedling is subjected to activity screening, the first water pump 204 and the second water pump 206 are stopped, so that the water in the breeding pond 101 does not flow any more, and therefore seedlings of different grades are isolated in the high-grade shrimp seedling area 106, the medium-grade shrimp seedling area 105 and the low-grade shrimp seedling area 104, respectively, for subsequent salinity and temperature screening.
It should be noted that, the intercepting nets 107 are disposed in the water inlet and the water outlet, so as to avoid moving into the water inlet and the water outlet.
As shown in fig. 5, the front and rear sides of the isolation block 102 are provided with slopes 207, and the slopes 207 are arranged at a predetermined angle.
It should be noted that the angle of the slope 207 between the two sides of the isolation block 102 is 10 degrees to 80 degrees, which can be designed according to actual requirements.
As shown in fig. 4, one side at the top of the breeding pool 101 is provided with a first guide rail 208, a first mounting frame 209 is installed on the first guide rail 208, the first mounting frame 209 is fixedly installed with a first motor 301, the output end of the first motor 301 is connected with a first coupler 302 in a matching manner, the first coupler 302 is connected with a first threaded screw rod 303 in a matching manner, and the first threaded screw rod 303 is connected with a first sliding block 304 in a sliding manner.
The opposite side at breeding pond 101 top is provided with second guide rail 305, install second mounting bracket 306 on the second guide rail 305, second mounting bracket 306 fixed mounting has second motor 307, the output cooperation of second motor 307 is connected with second shaft coupling 308, second shaft coupling 308 cooperation is connected with second screw thread lead screw 309, sliding connection has second sliding block 401 on second screw thread lead screw 309.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, a first support column 402 is fixedly connected to the first sliding block 304, a second support column 403 is fixedly connected to the second sliding block 401, a fixing plate 404 is erected between the first support column 402 and the second support column 403, and at least one set of salinity adjusting mechanism is arranged on the fixing plate 404.
Salinity adjustment mechanism includes storage hopper 405, the bottom cooperation of storage hopper 405 is connected with out appearance mouth 406, be provided with electrical control mechanism on the play appearance mouth 406, electrical control mechanism includes mounting bar 407, it is connected with down mounting bar 409 to go up mounting bar 407 through the free bearing 408 rotation, it installs to go up mounting bar 407 fixed mounting go out on the appearance mouth 406, the bottom of going out appearance mouth 406 is provided with first solenoid 501, it is provided with second solenoid 502 to go up mounting bar 407, lower mounting bar 409 is provided with sealing plug 503, just the external diameter of sealing plug 503 with first solenoid 501's internal diameter equals.
Note that the storage hopper 405 stores brine.
It should be noted that, after the vitality screening of the seedlings is completed, the salinity tolerance breeding process of different grades of seedlings is also needed. Specifically, the first motor 301 and the second motor 307 are controlled to be started simultaneously, so that the first motor 301 drives the first coupler 302 and the first threaded screw 303 to rotate, and the first sliding block 304 slides along the first threaded screw 303; meanwhile, the second motor 307 drives the second coupling 308 and the second threaded screw 309 to rotate, so that the second sliding block 401 slides along the second threaded screw 309; thereby enabling the fixing plate 404 to move back and forth along the upper part of the breeding pond 101; when the salinity of the water in the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104 needs to be adjusted, the fixing plate 404 is moved to the position above the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104 by controlling the first motor 301 and the second motor 307, so that the salinity adjusting mechanism is moved to the position above the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104, then the second electromagnetic coil 502 is controlled to be powered on and the first electromagnetic coil 501 is powered off, the powered second electromagnetic coil 502 generates attraction force, so that the lower mounting strip 409 on the same side as the second electromagnetic coil is adsorbed onto the second electromagnetic coil, and the lower mounting strip 409 on the same side as the sample outlet 406 is far away from the sample outlet 406, so that the sealing plug 503 does not block the first electromagnetic coil 501 any more, so that the saline water stored in the storage hopper can flow into the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104 along the sample outlet 406, so that the salinity of the water in the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104 is adjusted, when the second sensor in the low-grade shrimp larvae area 104 detects that the salinity of the water in the area reaches the preset concentration, the second sensor feeds back information to the control system, the first electromagnetic coil 501 is controlled by the control system, and the first electromagnetic coil 501 is powered on and the first electromagnetic coil 501 is powered off, so that the salinity of the first electromagnetic coil 501 is not blocked, so that the saline water flows out again, and the saline water flows out of the first electromagnetic coil 501, so that the sealing plug 406 is blocked by the second sensor 406, and the second electromagnetic coil 501, so that the saline water flows out of the saline water flows out process is completed. Similarly, when the salinity of the water body in the medium-grade shrimp larvae zone 105 or the high-grade shrimp larvae zone 106 needs to be adjusted, the salinity adjusting mechanism is moved to the position right above the corresponding zone, and then the saline water is added into the zone. After the salinity of the low-level shrimp seed area 104, the medium-level shrimp seed area 105 and the high-level shrimp seed area 106 is adjusted according to the breeding needs, after a period of time, part of the young seedlings which are not suitable for the high salinity lose the vitality and even lose the life, and the live seedlings with better vitality in each area are fished out, so that the young seedling breeding process is completed.
It should be noted that the salinity tolerance breeding of each region can be adjusted according to the actual breeding needs, generally speaking, the higher the grade of the shrimp seeds, the higher the salinity tolerance breeding grade of the shrimp seeds, and further obtain the offspring of the genetic gene with better quality, and further promote the quality of the prawns and the survival rate in the breeding process.
The low-level shrimp fry area 104, the middle-level shrimp fry area 105 and the high-level shrimp fry area 106 are all internally provided with water temperature adjusting rods 504, and the water temperature adjusting rods 504 are sleeved with protection nets.
It should be noted that, in the process of salinity-tolerant breeding of seedlings, high-temperature-tolerant breeding can be carried out simultaneously. Specifically, the water temperature values of the low-grade shrimp larvae zone 104, the medium-grade shrimp larvae zone 105 and the high-grade shrimp larvae zone 106 are adjusted by the water temperature adjusting rod 504, part of the seedlings which are not suitable for high temperature in each zone lose vitality or even lose life, live seedlings with better vitality in each zone are fished out, and the seedling breeding process is completed.
It should be noted that a protection net is sleeved on the water temperature adjusting rod 504, so that the seedlings can be prevented from moving to the water temperature adjusting rod 504 and being damaged.
First sensors are arranged in the low-level shrimp fry area 104, the medium-level shrimp fry area 105 and the high-level shrimp fry area 106 and are used for detecting water body temperature information.
It should be noted that the first sensor may be a temperature sensor, the water temperature information of each shrimp larvae zone is detected and fed back in real time by the first sensor, and when the temperature reaches a preset value, the first sensor can feed back the information to the control system, so that the control system controls the water temperature adjusting rod 504 to switch to a heat preservation state.
Second sensors are arranged in the low-level shrimp seed area 104, the medium-level shrimp seed area 105 and the high-level shrimp seed area 106 and are used for detecting salinity information of a water body.
It should be noted that the second sensor may be a salinity sensor, and when the second sensor in the shrimp larvae area detects that the salinity of the water in the area reaches the preset concentration, the second sensor feeds back information to the control system, so that the control system controls the salinity adjusting mechanism to stop adding saline water to the shrimp larvae area.
The invention also discloses a use method of the intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone, which is applied to any one of the intelligent breeding devices for the Penaeus vannamei Boone, and comprises the following steps:
opening a control valve, and starting a first water pump and a second water pump, so that the water body continuously flows along the breeding pond, and a turbulent flow is formed;
putting the seedlings into a putting area, and climbing and moving the seedlings along the slope of the isolation block under the habit of preferring to backwater and backwater to go up;
the seedlings are screened to a low-grade shrimp seedling area, a medium-grade shrimp seedling area and a high-grade shrimp seedling area according to the strength of the climbing swimming ability of the seedlings;
closing the control valve, and stopping the first water pump and the second water pump;
controlling the water temperature adjusting rod to start, so as to respectively adjust the water body temperature in the low-grade shrimp fry area, the medium-grade shrimp fry area and the high-grade shrimp fry area to preset values;
controlling the salinity adjusting mechanism to start so as to respectively adjust the salinity of the water body in the low-grade shrimp larvae area, the medium-grade shrimp larvae area and the high-grade shrimp larvae area to preset values;
after the preset time, the young shrimps are respectively fished out in the low-level shrimp fry area, the middle-level shrimp fry area and the high-level shrimp fry area, and the breeding process is finished.
While the foregoing is directed to embodiments of the present invention, other and further embodiments of the invention may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an intelligence breeding device for south america white shrimp which characterized in that: the breeding device comprises a breeding pool, wherein three groups of isolation blocks are sequentially arranged in the breeding pool along the length direction, and the breeding pool is sequentially divided into a putting region, a low-grade shrimp larvae region, a middle-grade shrimp larvae region and a high-grade shrimp larvae region through the three groups of isolation blocks;
three water inlet has been seted up to one side in breeding pond, and a delivery port has been seted up to the opposite side, all be provided with the interception net in water inlet and the delivery port, and three the water inlet all is connected with the one end cooperation of shunt tubes, the other end and the cross connection cooperation of shunt tubes are connected, it is connected with the mainstream pipe still to cooperate on the cross connection, the mainstream pipe is connected with the water storage box cooperation, be provided with control flap on the cross connection, be provided with first suction pump on the mainstream pipe, the delivery port is connected with the one end cooperation of back flow, the other end of back flow with the water storage box is linked together, be provided with the second suction pump on the back flow.
2. The intelligent breeding device for the penaeus vannamei boone as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that: slopes are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the isolation block, and a preset angle is formed between the slopes.
3. The intelligent breeding device for the penaeus vannamei boone as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that: one side at breeding pond top is provided with first guide rail, install first mounting bracket on the first guide rail, first mounting bracket fixed mounting has first motor, the output cooperation of first motor is connected with first shaft coupling, the cooperation of first shaft coupling is connected with first screw lead screw, sliding connection has first sliding block on the first screw lead screw.
4. The intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the opposite side at breeding pond top is provided with the second guide rail, install the second mounting bracket on the second guide rail, second mounting bracket fixed mounting has the second motor, the output cooperation of second motor is connected with the second coupling, the cooperation of second coupling is connected with second screw lead screw, sliding connection has the second sliding block on the second screw lead screw.
5. The intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: fixedly connected with first support column on the first sliding block, fixedly connected with second support column on the second sliding block, the fixed plate has been erect between first support column and the second support column, be provided with at least a set of salinity adjustment mechanism on the fixed plate.
6. The intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone as claimed in claim 5, wherein: salinity adjustment mechanism includes the storage hopper, the bottom cooperation of storage hopper is connected with out the appearance mouth, be provided with electrical system on the appearance mouth, electrical system includes the mounting bar, it rotates through the free bearing to go up the mounting bar and is connected with down the mounting bar, it is in to go up the mounting bar fixed mounting go out on the appearance mouth, the bottom of appearance mouth is provided with first solenoid, it is provided with second solenoid to go up the mounting bar, the mounting bar is provided with the sealing plug down, just the external diameter of sealing plug with first solenoid's internal diameter equals.
7. The intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: and water temperature adjusting rods are arranged in the low-grade shrimp fry area, the middle-grade shrimp fry area and the high-grade shrimp fry area, and protection nets are sleeved on the water temperature adjusting rods.
8. The intelligent breeding device for the penaeus vannamei boone as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that: first sensors are arranged in the low-level shrimp fry area, the middle-level shrimp fry area and the high-level shrimp fry area and are used for detecting water body temperature information.
9. The intelligent breeding device for the penaeus vannamei boone as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that: and second sensors are arranged in the low-level shrimp fry area, the medium-level shrimp fry area and the high-level shrimp fry area and are used for detecting salinity information of a water body.
10. The use method of the intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone is applied to the intelligent breeding device for the Penaeus vannamei Boone disclosed by any one of claims 1 to 9, and is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
opening a control valve, and starting a first water pump and a second water pump, so that the water body continuously flows along the breeding pond, and a turbulent flow is formed;
putting the seedlings into a putting area, and climbing and moving the seedlings along the slope of the isolation block under the habit of preferring to backwater and backwater to go up;
the seedlings are screened to a low-grade shrimp seedling area, a medium-grade shrimp seedling area and a high-grade shrimp seedling area according to the strength of the climbing swimming ability of the seedlings;
closing the control valve, and stopping the first water pump and the second water pump;
controlling the water temperature adjusting rod to start so as to respectively adjust the water body temperature in the low-grade shrimp larvae area, the medium-grade shrimp larvae area and the high-grade shrimp larvae area to preset values;
controlling the salinity adjusting mechanism to start so as to respectively adjust the salinity of the water body in the low-grade shrimp larvae zone, the medium-grade shrimp larvae zone and the high-grade shrimp larvae zone to preset values;
after the preset time, the young shrimps are respectively fished out in the low-level shrimp fry area, the middle-level shrimp fry area and the high-level shrimp fry area, and the breeding process is finished.
CN202210823899.1A 2022-07-13 2022-07-13 Intelligent breeding device and method for penaeus vannamei boone Pending CN115413621A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207885475U (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-21 中国农业大学烟台研究院 A kind of novel intelligent high activity prawn seedling selection and breeding system
CN110692564A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-17 成都市农林科学院 Procambarus clarkii breeding method suitable for paddy field cultivation
CN215406248U (en) * 2021-08-03 2022-01-04 威海三德水产育苗有限公司 Pond convenient to clean for penaeus vannamei boone aquaculture
CN215912948U (en) * 2021-09-06 2022-03-01 江苏中水东泽农业发展股份有限公司 Breeding device for crayfish fries
CN114128532A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-03-04 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Insect pest intelligent monitoring and prevention system applied to greenhouse

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207885475U (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-21 中国农业大学烟台研究院 A kind of novel intelligent high activity prawn seedling selection and breeding system
CN110692564A (en) * 2019-11-01 2020-01-17 成都市农林科学院 Procambarus clarkii breeding method suitable for paddy field cultivation
CN215406248U (en) * 2021-08-03 2022-01-04 威海三德水产育苗有限公司 Pond convenient to clean for penaeus vannamei boone aquaculture
CN215912948U (en) * 2021-09-06 2022-03-01 江苏中水东泽农业发展股份有限公司 Breeding device for crayfish fries
CN114128532A (en) * 2021-11-17 2022-03-04 广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Insect pest intelligent monitoring and prevention system applied to greenhouse

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