CN114931794A - Do benefit to filtration clean system of mud sewage of clearance filter core - Google Patents

Do benefit to filtration clean system of mud sewage of clearance filter core Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114931794A
CN114931794A CN202210609967.4A CN202210609967A CN114931794A CN 114931794 A CN114931794 A CN 114931794A CN 202210609967 A CN202210609967 A CN 202210609967A CN 114931794 A CN114931794 A CN 114931794A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
pipe
filter
post
sludge
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Granted
Application number
CN202210609967.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114931794B (en
Inventor
刘栋章
徐荣军
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Taizhou Mingfeng Renewable Resources Technology Co ltd
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Taizhou Mingfeng Renewable Resources Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN114931794A publication Critical patent/CN114931794A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Filtering devices having features not specifically covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D33/00, or for applications not specifically covered by groups B01D24/00 - B01D33/00; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/02Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks
    • B01D35/027Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks rigidly mounted in or on tanks or reservoirs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/06Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary cylindrical filtering surfaces, e.g. hollow drums
    • B01D33/067Construction of the filtering drums, e.g. mounting or sealing arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/06Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary cylindrical filtering surfaces, e.g. hollow drums
    • B01D33/11Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary cylindrical filtering surfaces, e.g. hollow drums arranged for outward flow filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/46Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element
    • B01D33/466Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes nozzles or the like acting on the cake-side of the filtering element scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/70Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation having feed or discharge devices
    • B01D33/76Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation having feed or discharge devices for discharging the filter cake, e.g. chutes
    • B01D33/766Devices for breaking the filter cake, e.g. cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/80Accessories
    • B01D33/801Driving means, shaft packing systems or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/80Accessories
    • B01D33/803Accessories in which the filtering elements are moved between filtering operations ; Particular measures for removing or replacing the filtering elements; Transport systems for filters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2/00Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a filtering and purifying system for sludge and sewage, which is beneficial to cleaning a filter element and relates to the technical field of sewage and sludge treatment. This do benefit to filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, including base mechanism, base mechanism includes the base, the upper surface front side fixedly connected with water tank of base, base mechanism's top is provided with filtering mechanism, filtering mechanism includes the rose box, the back port fixedly connected with back plate of rose box, the inside downside middle part embedding fixedly connected with basin post of rose box, the inside downside indent of basin post, fixedly connected with water pipe one is run through to the lower lateral wall front end of rose box, the preceding terminal surface of rose box runs through the activity and has cup jointed the rotation post, the inside of rose box is provided with the cartridge filter, the even seting up of surface equidistance of cartridge filter is porose, this one kind does benefit to the filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, the self-cleaning ability of device has been improved, extension fixture's life.

Description

Do benefit to filtration clean system of mud sewage of clearance filter core
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sewage and sludge treatment, in particular to a sludge and sewage filtering and purifying system beneficial to cleaning a filter element.
Background
Sewage treatment (sewage treatment, water treatment): the sewage is purified to reach the water quality requirement of being discharged into a certain water body or being reused. Sewage treatment is widely applied to various fields such as buildings, agriculture, traffic, energy, petrifaction, environmental protection, urban landscape, medical treatment, catering and the like, and is increasingly used in daily life of common people. The sewage treatment is generally classified into production sewage treatment and domestic sewage treatment according to the classification of sewage sources. The production sewage comprises industrial sewage, agricultural sewage, medical sewage and the like, and the domestic sewage is sewage generated in daily life, and refers to complex mixtures of various forms of inorganic matters and organic matters, and comprises the following steps: floating and suspended large and small solid particles; ② colloidal and gelatinous dispersions; ③ pure solution.
Most sludge sewage's filtration purification system in the market at present uses a period of back, need clear up the inside filter core of device, otherwise the filter core is covered by mud easily and finally leads to the filter core to hardly filter and purify to influence the normal use of device, great reduction device's availability factor, consequently need a filtration purification system that does benefit to the sludge sewage of clearance filter core urgently, with the problem of solving above-mentioned existence.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a filtering and purifying system for sludge and sewage, which is beneficial to cleaning a filter element and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a filtering and purifying system for sludge and sewage favorable for cleaning a filter element comprises a base mechanism, wherein the base mechanism comprises a base, a water tank is fixedly connected to the front side of the upper surface of the base, a filtering mechanism is arranged above the base mechanism and comprises a filtering box, a rear end port of the filtering box is fixedly connected with a rear plate, a fixedly connected water tank column is embedded in the middle of the lower side of the interior of the filtering box, the middle of the upper surface of the water tank column is concave inwards, the front end of the lower side wall of the filtering box penetrates through a fixedly connected water pipe I, a rotating column is movably sleeved on the front end surface of the filtering box in a penetrating manner, a filter cylinder is arranged in the filtering box, holes are uniformly formed in the surface of the filter cylinder in an equidistant manner, a filter screen is sleeved in the filter cylinder, the filter screen is attached to the inner side wall of the filter cylinder, and the rear ends of the filter cylinder and the filter screen penetrate through the rear plate, the rear end of rotation post runs through fixed connection cartridge filter and fixed connection filter screen, filtering mechanism's rear is provided with clearance mechanism, clearance mechanism includes the carriage release lever, the front end of carriage release lever corresponds the inside center that inserts the filter screen and contacts the preceding inner wall of filter screen, the sleeve has been cup jointed in the middle part outside activity of carriage release lever.
Preferably, the rear side up end middle part fixedly connected with stand of water tank is first, the upper surface rear side middle part fixedly connected with stand of base is second, the rear surface upside middle part fixedly connected with stand of water tank is third, the left side of water tank is provided with stand four, the front side of water tank is provided with stand five, stand four and the lower extreme fixed connection base of stand five.
Preferably, the lower side of the filter box is fixedly connected with a first upright post, and the upper wall of the filter box inclines from back to lower side; the lower end of the first water pipe extends into the water tank; the front end of the rotating column is fixedly connected with a first gear.
Preferably, the rear end of the moving rod is fixedly connected with the second upright post, the outer side of the rear end of the moving rod is fixedly sleeved with a baffle ring, the rear end of the sleeve is abutted against the baffle ring, the periphery of the end surface of the sleeve is uniformly penetrated with handle grooves at equal intervals, a handle post is inserted into the handle groove, the front end and the rear end of the handle post extend into the handle groove, an elastic block is embedded in the handle groove, the elastic block has elasticity, the elastic block is contacted with the handle column, the front end of the handle column is L-shaped, the front end of the handle column is fixedly connected with a scraper which is fan-shaped, a side plate is fixedly connected between two adjacent scrapers, the curb plate has elasticity, scraper blade and curb plate butt joint filter screen's rear end face are in the upper end the scraper blade surface through-mounting has the inlet tube, the inside of inlet tube intercommunication filter screen.
Preferably, a sludge mechanism is arranged behind the water tank and comprises a sludge pipe, the front surface of the sludge pipe is fixedly connected with the third upright post, and the sludge pipe is in a tubular shape which is communicated up and down; the lower half part of the rear plate penetrates through the front side wall of the sludge pipe in an embedded mode, and the outer side of the sleeve is embedded into and movably sleeved on the rear side wall of the sludge pipe; the utility model discloses a sludge treatment device, including sludge pipe, lateral wall equidistance, barrel, sleeve, scraper blade and curb plate, the last port middle part of sludge pipe is provided with crushing barrel, the even seting up of lateral wall equidistance of crushing barrel is porose, the preceding terminal surface butt joint of crushing barrel and fixed mounting are at the rear end face of cartridge filter, the sleeve runs through the back lateral wall of crushing barrel, scraper blade and curb plate cup joint inside the preceding port of crushing barrel and rather than the adaptation.
Preferably, be provided with respectively about the inside of crushing barrel and smash the post, the rear end of smashing the post corresponds and passes through the rear inner wall of bearing swing joint crushing barrel, the outside and the sleeve contact of crushing post, the outside of smashing the post and the inside wall contact and the meshing of crushing barrel, all be provided with the dog about the outside of crushing barrel, the cross-section of dog presents the triangle-shaped, two the dog central symmetry sets up, two the most advanced contact crushing barrel's of dog lateral wall just corresponds with crushing post respectively, the front end fixed connection back plate of dog.
Preferably, filtering mechanism's the place ahead is provided with sewage mechanism, sewage mechanism includes the motor, the left surface fixed connection stand four of motor, the right-hand member output shaft fixedly connected with gear two of motor, gear two and the meshing of gear one, the right-hand member face front side of gear two has the rocking arm through pivot swing joint, the front end of rocking arm inserts the inside of guide box from the rear side, the inside cavity of guide box, the inside center fixedly connected with pneumatic membrane of guide box, pneumatic membrane has elasticity, the front end mouth through fixedly connected with well pipe of guide box, the front end portion and the well inside intercommunication of well pipe of guide box, the preceding lateral wall fixed connection stand of well pipe is five.
Preferably, the upper and lower both ends of well pipe all are provided with water piping mechanism, water piping mechanism includes the shutoff pipe, the shutoff pipe corresponds with well pipe butt joint, the inside downside fixedly connected with of shutoff pipe keeps off the end, keep off the end communicating hole about surperficial central epirelief and the center seted up, the upper end shutoff that keeps off the end has the shutoff ball, the hole upside that the shutoff ball overlap joint was seted up on the surface that keeps off the end just not with keep off the end and be connected, the upper end fixedly connected with spring of shutoff ball, the inside wall of the upper end fixed connection shutoff pipe of spring.
Preferably, the upper end of the water pipe mechanism on the upper side is fixedly connected with an outlet pipe, the lower end of the water pipe mechanism on the lower side is fixedly connected with an adsorption pipe, a floating block is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of a lower port of the adsorption pipe, and the adsorption pipe and the floating block extend into the water tank.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the filtering and purifying system of the sludge sewage beneficial to cleaning the filter element comprises a grinding cylinder, a filter cylinder, a rotating column, a rotating cylinder, a water tank, an adsorption pipe, a water pipe I, a floating block and a water tank, wherein the grinding cylinder and the filter cylinder are detached, the inlet pipe is pulled out, the inlet pipe and the grinding cylinder are installed, the motor is started, the gear II rotates, the gear I is driven to rotate, the filter cylinder and the filter screen are driven to rotate inside the water tank through the rotating column, the water inside the sludge water is thrown out of the inside of the filter tank through the filter screen and the filter cylinder, then the water is guided into the water tank through the water pipe I to be collected, the floating block always floats on the collected water surface through the design of the floating block, the water with the sludge removed inside the water tank is precipitated, the clear water on the upper layer can be guided by the adsorption pipe and finally guided out through the outlet pipe, and the clear water on the upper layer can be collected through the design of the floating block, thereby purifying the sewage.
(2) This do benefit to filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, thereby float at the surface of water upper strata through the slider and make the adsorption tube, well pipe, outlet pipe and water piping mechanism absorb water from the surface of water, thereby make the inside water of water tank keep the state steady relatively, can not influenced by the operation of absorbing water of sewage mechanism, thereby the peaceful quiet of the inside rivers of assurance water tank of at utmost helps the sediment of sewage, thereby make the water of leading out more limpid.
(3) This do benefit to filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, design through the basin post, some wherein of the moisture of being thrown away by cartridge filter and filter screen can be born by the basin post, thereby when the inside moisture of rose box is more, some moisture is retained throughout to the inside of basin post, like this behind the inside wall of mud attached at the filter screen, when cartridge filter and filter screen rotate the top of basin post, can be soaked by the moisture of reserving in the basin post, thereby make attached complete mud washed away by moisture, be convenient for the better water work of throwing away of device, the phenomenon of avoiding the mud shutoff takes place, the filter efficiency of device to mud sewage has been improved.
(4) This do benefit to filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, through the design on the inclined plane of rose box upside to by the moisture that cartridge filter and filter screen were thrown away, after being thrown away the upside inner wall of rose box, can be guided the top position of water pipe one, thereby the quick outflow of guide rivers, accelerate the separation of sewage and mud.
(5) This do benefit to filtration clean system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, design through clearance mechanism, after sewage discharge accomplishes, through pressing the handle post in the side direction of following the back, thereby make the disc internal diameter that scraper blade and curb plate are constituteed reduce, thereby can enter into the inside of filter screen, after the inside end that reachs the filter screen, loosen the handle post and pull the sleeve to the rear side, thereby make the inboard mud of pasting the clothes of filter screen scraped out by scraper blade and curb plate, thereby accomplish the cleaning action of filter screen, the self-cleaning ability of device has been improved, extension fixture's life.
(6) This do benefit to filtering purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, pull out the back with the sleeve backward, all shift into the inside of crushing barrel through scraper blade and curb plate processing mud, and through being connected of crushing barrel and cartridge filter, when restarting the motor, crushing barrel also can rotate with the cartridge filter, inside crushing post also can rotate with crushing barrel meshing simultaneously, and extrude filtering mud when the pivoted, thereby smash the inside caking of mud, and extrude through the hole that crushing barrel side was seted up, at last by the conduction through the sludge pipe and play, through the grinding extrusion and the filtration of crushing barrel, make the device can carry out shredding to mud, thereby do benefit to follow-up operation and the use to mud, the operation quality of device has been improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a base mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a filter mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the handlebar post attachment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a sludge mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a crushing column according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a sewage mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the interior of the guide box of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the water pipe mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base mechanism; 101. a base; 102. a water tank; 103. a first upright post; 104. a second upright post; 105. a third upright post; 106. a fourth upright post; 107. a fifth upright post; 2. a filtering mechanism; 201. a filter box; 202. a back plate; 203. a water tank column; 204. a first water pipe; 205. rotating the column; 206. a first gear; 207. a filter cartridge; 208. filtering with a screen; 3. a cleaning mechanism; 301. a travel bar; 302. a baffle ring; 303. a sleeve; 304. a handle slot; 305. a handle post; 306. an elastic block; 307. a squeegee; 308. a side plate; 309. an inlet tube; 4. a sludge mechanism; 401. a sludge pipe; 402. a milling drum; 403. crushing the column; 404. a stopper; 5. a sewage mechanism; 501. a motor; 502. a second gear; 503. a rocker arm; 504. a guide box; 505. a pneumatic membrane; 506. a middle tube; 507. an outlet pipe; 508. an adsorption tube; 509. a slider; 6. a water pipe mechanism; 601. plugging the pipe; 602. blocking the bottom; 603. blocking the ball; 604. a spring.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any creative effort based on the embodiments in the present invention, belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-10, the present invention provides a technical solution: a filtering and purifying system for sludge and sewage beneficial to filter element cleaning comprises a base mechanism 1, the base mechanism 1 comprises a base 101, a water tank 102 is fixedly connected to the front side of the upper surface of the base 101, a filtering mechanism 2 is arranged above the base mechanism 1, the filtering mechanism 2 comprises a filtering box 201, a rear plate 202 is fixedly connected to the rear end port of the filtering box 201, a water tank column 203 is fixedly connected to the middle of the lower side of the inside of the filtering box 201 in an embedded manner, the middle of the upper surface of the water tank column 203 is recessed towards the lower side, the front end of the lower side wall of the filtering box 201 is fixedly connected with a water pipe I204 in a penetrating manner, a rotating column 205 is movably sleeved on the front end surface of the filtering box 201, a filtering cylinder 207 is arranged inside the filtering box 201, holes are uniformly arranged on the surface of the filtering cylinder 207 in an equidistant manner, a filtering net 208 is sleeved inside the filtering cylinder 207, the filtering net 208 is attached to the inner side wall of the filtering cylinder 207, and the rear ends of the filtering cylinder 207 and the filtering net 208 are penetrated through the rear plate 202, the rear end of the rotating column 205 penetrates through the fixedly connected filter cartridge 207 and the fixedly connected filter screen 208, the cleaning mechanism 3 is arranged behind the filter mechanism 2, the cleaning mechanism 3 comprises a moving rod 301, the front end of the moving rod 301 is correspondingly inserted into the inner center of the filter screen 208 and contacts with the front inner wall of the filter screen 208, and the sleeve 303 is movably sleeved on the outer side of the middle of the moving rod 301.
The middle part of the upper end face of the rear side of the water tank 102 is fixedly connected with a first upright post 103, the middle part of the rear side of the upper surface of the base 101 is fixedly connected with a second upright post 104, the middle part of the upper side of the rear surface of the water tank 102 is fixedly connected with a third upright post 105, the left side of the water tank 102 is provided with a fourth upright post 106, the front side of the water tank 102 is provided with a fifth upright post 107, and the lower ends of the fourth upright post 106 and the fifth upright post 107 are fixedly connected with the base 101.
The lower side of the filter box 201 is fixedly connected with the first upright post 103, and the upper wall of the filter box 201 inclines from back to bottom; the lower end of the first water pipe 204 extends into the water tank 102; the front end of the rotating column 205 is fixedly connected with a first gear 206.
The rear end of carriage release lever 301 is fixed connection stand two 104, the fixed retaining ring 302 that has cup jointed in the rear end outside of carriage release lever 301, the rear end of sleeve 303 is contradicted with retaining ring 302, the equal equidistance is even to be run through around the terminal surface of sleeve 303 has seted up handle groove 304, handle post 305 has been inserted to the inside of handle groove 304, handle groove 304 is all stretched into at both ends around handle post 305, the inside embedding in handle groove 304 has elastic block 306, elastic block 306 has the elasticity, elastic block 306 and the contact of handle post 305, the front end of handle post 305 presents the L type, the front end fixed connection of handle post 305 has the scraper blade 307, scraper blade 307 presents the fan-shaped, fixed connection has curb plate 308 between two adjacent scraper blades 307, curb plate 308 has the elasticity, scraper blade 307 and curb plate 308 butt joint filter screen 208's rear end, the scraper blade 307 surface that is in the upper end is run through and is installed the inlet tube, inlet tube 309 communicates the inside of filter screen 208.
A sludge mechanism 4 is arranged behind the water tank 102, the sludge mechanism 4 comprises a sludge pipe 401, the front surface of the sludge pipe 401 is fixedly connected with the third upright post 105, and the sludge pipe 401 is in a tubular shape which is communicated up and down; the lower half part of the rear plate 202 is embedded in and connected with the front side wall of the sludge pipe 401 in a penetrating way, and the outer side of the sleeve 303 is embedded in and movably sleeved on the rear side wall of the sludge pipe 401; the upper end mouth middle part of sludge pipe 401 is provided with crushing barrel 402, and the lateral wall equidistance of crushing barrel 402 is even offers porosely, and the preceding terminal surface butt joint of crushing barrel 402 and fixed mounting are at the rear end face of cartridge filter 207, and sleeve 303 runs through the rear side wall of crushing barrel 402, and scraper blade 307 and curb plate 308 cup joint inside the front end mouth of crushing barrel 402 and rather than the adaptation.
Crushing post 403 is respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the inside of the crushing barrel 402, the rear end of the crushing post 403 corresponds to the rear inner wall of the crushing barrel 402 movably connected through a bearing, the outer side of the crushing post 403 contacts with the sleeve 303, the outer side of the crushing post 403 contacts with and is meshed with the inner side wall of the crushing barrel 402, a stop block 404 is arranged on the left and right sides of the outer side of the crushing barrel 402, the cross section of the stop block 404 is triangular, the two stop blocks 404 are arranged in central symmetry, the tips of the two stop blocks 404 contact with the outer side wall of the crushing barrel 402 and respectively correspond to the crushing post 403, and the front end of the stop block 404 is fixedly connected with the rear plate 202.
The sewage mechanism 5 is arranged in front of the filtering mechanism 2, the sewage mechanism 5 comprises a motor 501, a fourth upright post 106 is fixedly connected to the left side face of the motor 501, a second gear 502 is fixedly connected to the right end output shaft of the motor 501, the second gear 502 is meshed with a first gear 206, a rocker arm 503 is movably connected to the front side of the right end face of the second gear 502 through a rotating shaft, the front end of the rocker arm 503 is inserted into the guide box 504 from the rear side, the guide box 504 is hollow, a pneumatic membrane 505 is fixedly connected to the center of the interior of the guide box 504, the interior space of the guide box 504 is divided into two parts by the pneumatic membrane 505, the pneumatic membrane 505 has elasticity, a middle pipe 506 is fixedly connected to the front end port of the guide box 504 in a penetrating mode, the front end portion of the guide box 504 is communicated with the interior of the middle pipe 506, and a fifth upright post 107 is fixedly connected to the front side wall of the middle pipe 506.
The upper and lower both ends of well pipe 506 all are provided with water pipe mechanism 6, water pipe mechanism 6 is including shutoff pipe 601, shutoff pipe 601 corresponds and the butt joint of well pipe 506, 602 at the bottom of the inside downside fixedly connected with of shutoff pipe 601 keeps off, keep off the surperficial central epirelief of 602 at the bottom and communicating hole about the center is seted up, the upper end shutoff of keeping off at the bottom 602 has stifled ball 603, stifled ball 603 overlap joint keeps off the hole upside that 602's surface was seted up at the bottom and not be connected with keeping off at the bottom 602, the upper end fixedly connected with spring 604 of stifled ball 603, the upper end fixedly connected with inside wall of shutoff pipe 601 of spring 604.
An outlet pipe 507 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the upper water pipe mechanism 6, an adsorption pipe 508 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the lower water pipe mechanism 6, a floating block 509 is fixedly sleeved outside the lower port of the adsorption pipe 508, and the adsorption pipe 508 and the floating block 509 extend into the water tank 102.
The working principle is as follows:
the first step is as follows: the crushing cylinder 402 and the filter cylinder 207 are detached, the inlet pipe 309 is pulled out, so that sludge water is guided into the filter screen 208, then the inlet pipe 309 and the crushing cylinder 402 are installed, the motor 501 is started, the gear II 502 rotates, the gear I206 rotates, the filter cylinder 207 and the filter screen 208 are driven to rotate in the filter box 201 through the rotating column 205, so that moisture in the sludge water is thrown out into the filter box 201 through the filter of the filter screen 208 and the filter cylinder 207, then the sludge water is guided into the water tank 102 through the water pipe I204 to be collected, through the design of the floating block 509, the floating block 509 always floats on the collected water surface, so that after the water with the sludge removed is settled in the water tank 102, clean water on the upper layer can be guided by the adsorption pipe 508 and finally guided out through the outlet pipe 507, and through the design of the floating block 509, clear water on the upper layer can be collected, thereby purifying the sewage.
The second step is that: float at the surface of water upper strata through slider 509 thereby make adsorption tube 508, well pipe 506, outlet pipe 507 and water pipe mechanism 6 absorb water from the surface of water to make the inside water of water tank 102 keep the relatively steady state, can not influenced by the water absorption operation of sewage mechanism 5, thereby the peaceful of the inside rivers of furthest assurance water tank 102 helps the sediment of sewage, thereby makes the water of leading out more clear.
The third step: through basin post 203's design, partly wherein can be born by basin post 203 by the moisture that cartridge filter 207 and filter screen 208 were thrown away, thereby when the inside moisture of rose box 201 is more, a bit of moisture is preserved throughout to the inside of basin post 203, like this after the inside wall of filter screen 208 is attached to mud, when cartridge filter 207 and filter screen 208 rotated the top of basin post 203, can be soaked by the moisture of reserving in the basin post 203, thereby make attached complete mud washed away by moisture, be convenient for the better work of throwing away water of device, avoid the phenomenon of mud shutoff to take place, the filtration efficiency of device to mud sewage has been improved.
The fourth step: through the design of the inclined plane of rose box 201 upside to the moisture that is thrown away by cartridge filter 207 and filter screen 208, after being thrown away to the upside inner wall of rose box 201, can be guided to the top position of water pipe 204, thereby the quick outflow of guide rivers for the separation of sewage and mud.
The fifth step: through the design of clearance mechanism 3, after sewage discharge is accomplished, through pressing handle post 305 inwards from the rear side, thereby make the disc internal diameter that scraper blade 307 and curb plate 308 are constituteed reduce, thereby can enter into the inside of filter screen 208, after the inside end that reaches filter screen 208, loosen handle post 305 and to the rear side pulling sleeve 303, thereby make the inboard mud of obeying of filter screen 208 scraped by scraper blade 307 and curb plate 308, thereby accomplish the cleaning action of filter screen 208, the self-cleaning ability of device has been improved, the life of extension device.
And a sixth step: after the sleeve 303 is pulled out backwards, the sludge processed by the scraper 307 and the side plate 308 is moved into the crushing cylinder 402, and is connected with the filter cylinder 207 through the crushing cylinder 402, when the motor 501 is started again, the crushing cylinder 402 can rotate together with the filter cylinder 207, meanwhile, the crushing column 403 in the crushing cylinder can also rotate in a meshing way with the crushing cylinder 402, and the sludge is extruded and filtered when the crushing cylinder 402 rotates, so that the caking in the sludge is crushed, and is extruded through the hole formed in the side edge of the crushing cylinder 402, and finally is conducted out through the sludge pipe 401, and the crushing cylinder 402 can grind, crush and process the sludge, thereby being beneficial to subsequent operation and use of the sludge, and improving the operation quality of the device.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a do benefit to filtration purification system of mud sewage of clearance filter core, includes base mechanism (1), base mechanism (1) includes base (101), upper surface front side fixedly connected with water tank (102) of base (101), the top of base mechanism (1) is provided with filtering mechanism (2), filtering mechanism (2) include rose box (201), the back port fixedly connected with back plate (202) of rose box (201), its characterized in that: fixedly connected with basin post (203) is embedded in the middle of the lower side of the interior of the filter box (201), the upper surface of the basin post (203) is concave downwards, the front end of the lower side wall of the filter box (201) runs through the fixedly connected with water pipe I (204), the front end face of the filter box (201) runs through the movable sleeve and is connected with the rotating post (205), the interior of the filter box (201) is provided with the filter cylinder (207), the surface of the filter cylinder (207) is uniformly provided with holes with equal distance, the interior of the filter cylinder (207) is sleeved with the filter screen (208), the inner side wall of the filter cylinder (207) is jointed with the filter screen (208), the rear ends of the filter cylinder (207) and the filter screen (208) run through the rear plate (202), the rear end of the rotating post (205) runs through the fixedly connected filter cylinder (207) and the fixedly connected filter screen (208), the rear of the filter mechanism (2) is provided with the cleaning mechanism (3), clearance mechanism (3) are including carriage release lever (301), the front end of carriage release lever (301) corresponds the inside center of inserting filter screen (208) and contacts the preceding inner wall of filter screen (208), sleeve (303) have been cup jointed in the middle part outside activity of carriage release lever (301).
2. The system for filtering and purifying sludge and sewage, which is beneficial to cleaning the filter element, of claim 1, is characterized in that: the water tank comprises a first upright post (103) fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end face of the rear side of the water tank (102), a second upright post (104) fixedly connected to the middle of the rear side of the upper surface of the base (101), a third upright post (105) fixedly connected to the middle of the upper side of the rear surface of the water tank (102), a fourth upright post (106) arranged on the left side of the water tank (102), a fifth upright post (107) arranged on the front side of the water tank (102), and a base (101) fixedly connected to the lower ends of the fourth upright post (106) and the fifth upright post (107).
3. The system of claim 2, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage treatment system, and the system comprises: the lower side of the filter box (201) is fixedly connected with a first upright post (103), and the upper wall of the filter box (201) inclines from back to lower side; the lower end of the first water pipe (204) extends into the water tank (102); the front end of the rotating column (205) is fixedly connected with a first gear (206).
4. The system of claim 2, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage treatment system, and the system comprises: the rear end of carriage release lever (301) is fixed and connected stand two (104), the fixed cover in the rear end outside of carriage release lever (301) has connect and has kept off ring (302), the rear end of sleeve (303) is contradicted with keeping off ring (302), the terminal surface of sleeve (303) is equidistant even all around runs through and has been seted up handle groove (304), handle post (305) has been inserted to the inside of handle groove (304), handle groove (304) are all stretched into to both ends around handle post (305), the inside embedding in handle groove (304) has elastic block (306), elastic block (306) have elasticity, elastic block (306) and handle post (305) contact, the front end of handle post (305) presents the L type, the front end fixedly connected with scraper blade (307) of handle post (305), scraper blade (307) present fan-shaped, adjacent two fixedly connected with curb plate (308) between scraper blade (307), the side plate (308) has elasticity, the scraper blade (307) and the side plate (308) are butted with the rear end face of the filter screen (208), an inlet pipe (309) penetrates through the surface of the scraper blade (307) at the upper end, and the inlet pipe (309) is communicated with the inside of the filter screen (208).
5. The system of claim 2, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage treatment system, and the system comprises: a sludge mechanism (4) is arranged behind the water tank (102), the sludge mechanism (4) comprises a sludge pipe (401), the front surface of the sludge pipe (401) is fixedly connected with the third upright post (105), and the sludge pipe (401) is in a tubular shape which is communicated up and down;
the lower half part of the rear plate (202) is embedded in and connected with the front side wall of the sludge pipe (401) in a penetrating manner, and the outer side of the sleeve (303) is embedded in and movably sleeved on the rear side wall of the sludge pipe (401); the upper end mouth middle part of sludge pipe (401) is provided with crushing barrel (402), the lateral wall equidistance of crushing barrel (402) is even to be seted up porosely, the preceding terminal surface butt joint of crushing barrel (402) and fixed mounting are at the rear end face of cartridge filter (207), sleeve (303) run through the rear side wall of crushing barrel (402), scraper blade (307) and curb plate (308) cup joint inside and rather than the adaptation of the preceding port of crushing barrel (402).
6. The system of claim 5, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage water purification system, and the system comprises: crushing post (403) are respectively provided with about the inside of crushing barrel (402), the rear end of crushing post (403) corresponds and passes through the rear inner wall of bearing swing joint crushing barrel (402), the outside and sleeve (303) contact of crushing post (403), the outside of crushing post (403) and the inside wall contact and the meshing of crushing barrel (402), all be provided with dog (404) about the outside of crushing barrel (402), the cross-section of dog (404) presents the triangle-shaped, two dog (404) central symmetry sets up, two the most advanced contact crushing barrel of dog (404) the lateral wall and respectively with smash post (403) and correspond, the front end fixed connection back plate (202) of dog (404).
7. The system of claim 3, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage water purification system, and the system comprises: the sewage treatment device is characterized in that a sewage mechanism (5) is arranged in front of the filtering mechanism (2), the sewage mechanism (5) comprises a motor (501), the left side face of the motor (501) is fixedly connected with a fourth upright post (106), the right end output shaft of the motor (501) is fixedly connected with a second gear (502), the second gear (502) is meshed with a first gear (206), the front side of the right end face of the second gear (502) is movably connected with a rocker (503) through a rotating shaft, the front end of the rocker (503) is inserted into the guide box (504) from the rear side, the guide box (504) is hollow, the inner center of the guide box (504) is fixedly connected with a pneumatic membrane (505), the pneumatic membrane (505) has elasticity, the front port of the guide box (504) penetrates through a middle pipe (506), and the front end part of the guide box (504) is communicated with the inner part of the middle pipe (506), the front side wall of the middle pipe (506) is fixedly connected with a fifth upright post (107).
8. The system of claim 7, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage treatment system, and the system comprises: the upper and lower both ends of well pipe (506) all are provided with water piping mechanism (6), water piping mechanism (6) are including shutoff pipe (601), shutoff pipe (601) correspond with well pipe (506) butt joint, the inside downside fixedly connected with of shutoff pipe (601) keeps off end (602), keep off the central epirelief in surface and the center of end (602) and seted up communicating hole from top to bottom, the upper end shutoff that keeps off end (602) has stifled ball (603), the hole upside that stifled ball (603) overlap joint was seted up on the surface that keeps off end (602) just not be connected with keeping off end (602), the upper end fixedly connected with spring (604) of stifled ball (603), the inside wall of the upper end fixedly connected with shutoff pipe (601) of spring (604).
9. The system of claim 8, wherein the filter element is a filter element of a sludge sewage treatment system, the system comprising: the upper end of the water pipe mechanism (6) on the upper side is fixedly connected with an outlet pipe (507), the lower end of the water pipe mechanism (6) on the lower side is fixedly connected with an adsorption pipe (508), a floating block (509) is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of a lower port of the adsorption pipe (508), and the adsorption pipe (508) and the floating block (509) stretch into the water tank (102).
CN202210609967.4A 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Filtration and purification system beneficial to cleaning sludge and sewage of filter element Active CN114931794B (en)

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