CN114669770A - Intelligent cutting tool structure and using method - Google Patents

Intelligent cutting tool structure and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114669770A
CN114669770A CN202210416049.XA CN202210416049A CN114669770A CN 114669770 A CN114669770 A CN 114669770A CN 202210416049 A CN202210416049 A CN 202210416049A CN 114669770 A CN114669770 A CN 114669770A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
vertical plate
extrusion sleeve
fixedly connected
twin
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CN202210416049.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114669770B (en
Inventor
文志民
夏浩
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ZHEJIANG LANGCHAO PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG LANGCHAO PRECISION MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Priority to CN202210416049.XA priority Critical patent/CN114669770B/en
Publication of CN114669770A publication Critical patent/CN114669770A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B29/00Holders for non-rotary cutting tools; Boring bars or boring heads; Accessories for tool holders
    • B23B29/24Tool holders for a plurality of cutting tools, e.g. turrets
    • B23B29/32Turrets adjustable by power drive, i.e. turret heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B27/00Tools for turning or boring machines; Tools of a similar kind in general; Accessories therefor
    • B23B27/14Cutting tools of which the bits or tips or cutting inserts are of special material
    • B23B27/16Cutting tools of which the bits or tips or cutting inserts are of special material with exchangeable cutting bits or cutting inserts, e.g. able to be clamped
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/09Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool
    • B23Q17/0952Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool during machining
    • B23Q17/0985Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool during machining by measuring temperature

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Turning (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent cutting tool structure and a using method thereof, wherein the intelligent cutting tool structure comprises a tool body, the front surface of the tool body is provided with an opening, a temperature monitor is fixedly connected inside the opening, the detection end of the temperature monitor extends to the left side of the tool body, a terminal processor is fixedly connected inside the opening, the input end of the terminal processor is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the temperature monitor, a twin operation simulation module, an evaluation scoring module and a data receiving and transmitting module are respectively and fixedly connected inside the opening, and the input end of the twin operation simulation module is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the terminal processor. The invention solves the problems that the existing lathe tool has single structure and function, poor integral intelligent degree, no effect of detecting the running state, serious influence on the cutting safety of the tool and easy reduction of the service life of the lathe tool.

Description

Intelligent cutting tool structure and using method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cutting tools, in particular to an intelligent cutting tool structure and a using method thereof.
Background
Cutting tools are tools used in machine manufacturing for cutting machining, most of which are used for machine tools, but also hand tools, and since the tools used in machine manufacturing are basically used for cutting metal materials, the term "tool" is generally understood to mean a metal cutting tool, including lathe tools.
But the structure and the function of current lathe cutter are comparatively single, and whole intelligent degree is relatively poor, do not possess according to the effect of carrying out the detection to running state, have seriously influenced cutter cutting security, lead to the life reduction of lathe cutter moreover easily.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems in the background art, the invention aims to provide an intelligent cutting tool structure and a using method thereof, which have the advantage of function diversification and solve the problems that the existing lathe tool has a single structure and function, has poor integral intelligent degree, does not have the effect of detecting the running state, seriously affects the cutting safety of the tool and easily causes the service life reduction of the lathe tool.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an intelligent cutting tool structure and a using method thereof, comprising a tool body;
the front of the cutter body is provided with an opening, the inside of the opening is fixedly connected with a temperature monitor, a detection end of the temperature monitor extends to the left side of the cutter body, the inside of the opening is fixedly connected with a terminal processor, the input end of the terminal processor is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the temperature monitor, the inside of the opening is respectively and fixedly connected with a twin operation simulation module, an evaluation scoring module and a data transceiver module, the input end of the twin operation simulation module is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the terminal processor, the input end of the evaluation scoring module is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the twin operation simulation module, the input end of the data transceiver module is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the evaluation scoring module, and the output end of the evaluation scoring module is remotely and bidirectionally electrically connected with a cloud server through the data transceiver module, the input end of the twin operation simulation module is respectively and bidirectionally electrically connected with a lathe system and a storage module, and the input end of the storage module is bidirectionally and electrically connected with the output end of the terminal processor.
Preferably, the twin operation simulation module comprises a conceptual model processing unit, a logic model processing unit and a data sorting unit.
Preferably, a shielding case is fixedly connected inside the opening, and the terminal processor, the twin operation simulation module, the evaluation scoring module and the storage module are all fixedly connected inside the shielding case.
Preferably, the right side of the cutter body is fixedly connected with a vertical plate, the surface of the vertical plate is sleeved with an extrusion sleeve, the surface of the extrusion sleeve is provided with an adjusting groove surrounding the surface of the vertical plate, the adjusting groove is connected with the vertical plate in a sliding manner, the top of the vertical plate is fixedly connected with a pressure spring, and one side of the pressure spring, far away from the vertical plate, is fixedly connected with the surface of the extrusion sleeve.
Preferably, the right side of the cutter body is provided with a limiting groove communicated with the opening, the left side of the extrusion sleeve is in threaded connection with a bolt positioned in the limiting groove, and the bolt is in sliding connection with the limiting groove.
Preferably, the top of the extrusion sleeve is provided with a positioning pin, the top of the vertical plate is provided with a through hole, the bottom end of the positioning pin penetrates through the extrusion sleeve and extends into the through hole, the positioning pin is in threaded connection with the through hole, and the extrusion sleeve is in sliding connection with the positioning pin.
Preferably, the surface of the positioning pin is fixedly connected with a limiting ring, the limiting ring is positioned between the vertical plate and the extrusion sleeve, and the pressure spring is sleeved on the surface of the limiting ring.
Preferably, the front surface and the back surface of the cutter body are both fixedly connected with a baffle, and the opening is positioned on the inner side of the baffle.
Preferably, the front surface of the cutter body is provided with a wire groove communicated with the opening, and the detection end of the temperature monitor is positioned in the wire groove.
Preferably, the intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method thereof comprise the following steps:
s1: the tool body is moved to the interior of the lathe turret, then one end of the lathe turret is clamped with the surface of the vertical plate, when the vertical plate and the lathe turret are parallel and level to each other, the extrusion sleeve is pulled down and moves downwards under the guidance of the adjusting groove and the limiting groove, and when the distance between the extrusion sleeve and the vertical plate is larger than the distance between the lathe turret, the effect of clamping the tool body on the surface of the lathe turret is achieved;
s2: when the bottom end of the bolt is aligned with the through hole, the bolt can be connected with the vertical plate through threads, so that the phenomenon that the extrusion sleeve is loosened is avoided, the extrusion sleeve can be positioned, and the continuously moving bolt can extrude and fix the lathe turret;
s3: in the cutting process of the cutter body, the temperature monitor can monitor the cutting end of the cutter body in real time and transmit monitoring data to the terminal processor, the terminal processor backs up the data to the storage module, the twin operation simulation module collects the data and establishes a cutter twin model through the logic model processing unit and the concept model processing unit, meanwhile, the twin operation simulation module can extract the processing steps in the lathe system, the establishing accuracy of the cutter twin model is further improved, and the evaluation scoring module can predict, evaluate and score the operation state of the cutter twin model;
s4: when the predicted running state of the tool twin model is lower than a preset value, the evaluation scoring module improves the data receiving and sending module to send an alarm signal to the cloud server, and therefore the effect of improving the response speed of shutdown maintenance is achieved.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention monitors the cutting end of the tool body in real time through the temperature monitor and transmits monitoring data to the terminal processor, the terminal processor backs up the data to the storage module, the twin operation simulation module collects the data and establishes the tool twin model, and simultaneously the twin operation simulation module can extract the processing steps in the lathe system, so as to further improve the establishing accuracy of the tool twin model, the evaluation scoring module can predict and evaluate the operation state of the tool twin model, when the predicted operation state of the tool twin model is lower than the preset value, the evaluation scoring module improves the data transceiver module to send an alarm signal to the cloud server, thereby achieving the effect of improving the response speed of shutdown maintenance, solving the problems that the existing lathe tool has single structure and function, poor integral intellectualization degree and no effect of detecting according to the operation state, the cutting safety of the cutter is seriously influenced, and the service life of the lathe cutter is easily reduced.
2. According to the method, the conceptual model processing unit, the logic model processing unit and the data sorting unit are arranged, so that the accuracy of establishing the tool twin model can be greatly improved, and the tool twin model can be in accordance with the running state of the physical model.
3. According to the invention, the shielding cover is arranged, so that the terminal processor, the twin operation simulation module, the evaluation scoring module and the storage module can be shielded and protected, and the influence of the external environment on the internal structure of the shielding cover is reduced.
4. According to the invention, the vertical plate, the extrusion sleeve, the adjusting groove and the pressure spring are arranged, so that a user can conveniently install the cutter body, the contact area between the cutter body and the lathe turret is increased, and the cutting stability of the cutter body is greatly improved.
5. According to the invention, the limiting groove and the bolt are arranged, so that the extrusion sleeve can be limited, the contact between the extrusion sleeve and the cutter body is improved, and the extrusion sleeve can vertically and horizontally move.
6. The extrusion sleeve can be fixed by arranging the positioning pin, the extrusion sleeve is prevented from being influenced by the pressure spring after being adjusted, and the auxiliary extrusion fixing effect on a lathe cutter head can be achieved.
7. The limiting ring is arranged, so that the positioning pin can be limited, and the positioning pin is prevented from being separated from the extrusion sleeve.
8. According to the invention, the baffle is arranged, so that the safety of the cutter body can be improved, and the contact area between the internal structure of the opening and the external environment is reduced.
9. According to the invention, the wire groove is arranged, so that the temperature monitor can conveniently operate, and the influence of the temperature monitor on the installation of the baffle plate is avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a front view structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the system of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a portion of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 2 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a tool body; 2. an opening; 3. a temperature monitor; 4. a terminal processor; 5. a twin operation simulation module; 6. an evaluation scoring module; 7. a data transceiver module; 8. a cloud server; 9. a lathe system; 10. a storage module; 11. a conceptual model processing unit; 12. a logical model processing unit; 13. a data sorting unit; 14. a shield case; 15. a vertical plate; 16. extruding a sleeve; 17. an adjustment groove; 18. a pressure spring; 19. a limiting groove; 20. a bolt; 21. positioning pins; 22. a through hole; 23. a limiting ring; 24. a baffle plate; 25. a wire slot.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any creative effort based on the embodiments in the present invention, belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides an intelligent cutting tool structure and a method for using the same, which includes a tool body 1;
the front surface of the cutter body 1 is provided with an opening 2, the inside of the opening 2 is fixedly connected with a temperature monitor 3, the detection end of the temperature monitor 3 extends to the left side of the cutter body 1, the inside of the opening 2 is fixedly connected with a terminal processor 4, the input end of the terminal processor 4 is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the temperature monitor 3, the inside of the opening 2 is respectively and fixedly connected with a twin operation simulation module 5, an evaluation scoring module 6 and a data transceiver module 7, the input end of the twin operation simulation module 5 is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the terminal processor 4, the input end of the evaluation scoring module 6 is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the twin operation simulation module 5, the input end of the data transceiver module 7 is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the evaluation scoring module 6, the output end of the evaluation scoring module 6 is in remote bidirectional electric connection with a cloud server 8 through the data transceiver module 7, the input end of the twin operation simulation module 5 is respectively and electrically connected with the lathe system 9 and the storage module 10 in a bidirectional mode, and the input end of the storage module 10 is electrically connected with the output end of the terminal processor 4 in a bidirectional mode.
Referring to fig. 3, the twin operation simulation module 5 is composed of a conceptual model processing unit 11, a logical model processing unit 12, and a data collating unit 13, and the conceptual model processing unit 11 is based on a disciplinary core concept, a interdisciplinary concept, and scientific and engineering practices.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, by arranging the conceptual model processing unit 11, the logical model processing unit 12 and the data sorting unit 13, the establishing accuracy of the tool twin model can be greatly improved, and the tool twin model can conform to the running state of the physical model.
Referring to fig. 2, a shielding case 14 is fixedly connected to the inside of the opening 2, the terminal processor 4, the twin operation simulation module 5, the evaluation scoring module 6 and the storage module 10 are all fixedly connected to the inside of the shielding case 14, and the shielding case 14 is made of an electromagnetic shielding resistant material.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the shielding cover 14 is arranged, so that the terminal processor 4, the twin operation simulation module 5, the evaluation scoring module 6 and the storage module 10 can be shielded and protected, and the influence of the external environment on the internal structure of the shielding cover 14 is reduced.
Referring to fig. 1, a vertical plate 15 is fixedly connected to the right side of the cutter body 1, an extrusion sleeve 16 is sleeved on the surface of the vertical plate 15, an adjusting groove 17 surrounding the surface of the vertical plate 15 is formed in the surface of the extrusion sleeve 16, the adjusting groove 17 is slidably connected with the vertical plate 15, a pressure spring 18 is fixedly connected to the top of the vertical plate 15, one side, away from the vertical plate 15, of the pressure spring 18 is fixedly connected with the surface of the extrusion sleeve 16, and the distance between the vertical plate 15 and the extrusion sleeve 16 is greater than the length of a lathe cutter head.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, by arranging the vertical plate 15, the extrusion sleeve 16, the adjusting groove 17 and the pressure spring 18, a user can conveniently install the cutter body 1, the contact area between the cutter body 1 and a lathe turret is increased, and the cutting stability of the cutter body 1 is greatly improved.
Referring to fig. 2, the right side of the cutter body 1 is provided with a limiting groove 19 communicated with the opening 2, the left side of the extrusion sleeve 16 is in threaded connection with a bolt 20 positioned in the limiting groove 19, the bolt 20 is in sliding connection with the limiting groove 19, and the bolt 20 is positioned on the front side of the shielding case 14.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the extrusion sleeve 16 can be limited by arranging the limiting groove 19 and the bolt 20, so that the contact between the extrusion sleeve 16 and the cutter body 1 is improved, and the extrusion sleeve 16 can vertically and horizontally move.
Referring to fig. 5, a positioning pin 21 is arranged at the top of the extrusion sleeve 16, a through hole 22 is formed in the top of the vertical plate 15, the bottom end of the positioning pin 21 penetrates through the extrusion sleeve 16 and extends into the through hole 22, the positioning pin 21 is in threaded connection with the through hole 22, the extrusion sleeve 16 is in sliding connection with the positioning pin 21, and the bottom of the positioning pin 21 can be in contact with the surface of a lathe cutter head.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the extrusion sleeve 16 can be fixed by arranging the positioning pin 21, the extrusion sleeve 16 is prevented from being influenced by the pressure spring 18 after being adjusted, and the auxiliary extrusion fixing effect on a lathe cutter head can be achieved.
Referring to fig. 5, a limiting ring 23 is fixedly connected to the surface of the positioning pin 21, the limiting ring 23 is located between the vertical plate 15 and the extrusion sleeve 16, the pressure spring 18 is sleeved on the surface of the limiting ring 23, and the limiting ring 23 is fixed on the surface of the positioning pin 21 in a welding manner.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the limiting ring 23 is arranged, so that the positioning pin 21 can be limited, and the positioning pin 21 is prevented from being separated from the extrusion sleeve 16.
Referring to fig. 1, the front and back of the cutter body 1 are both fixedly connected with a baffle 24, the opening 2 is located on the inner side of the baffle 24, and the baffle 24 is made of a metal material.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the baffle plate 24 is arranged, so that the safety of the cutter body 1 can be improved, and the contact area between the internal structure of the opening 2 and the external environment is reduced.
Referring to fig. 2, a wire casing 25 communicated with the opening 2 is formed in the front surface of the cutter body 1, the detection end of the temperature monitor 3 is located inside the wire casing 25, and the depth of the wire casing 25 is the same as the diameter of the detection end of the temperature monitor 3.
As a technical optimization scheme of the invention, the temperature monitor 3 can be operated conveniently by arranging the wire slot 25, and the influence of the temperature monitor 3 on the installation of the baffle plate 24 is avoided.
Referring to fig. 1, an intelligent cutting tool structure and a method of use thereof includes the steps of:
s1: the cutter body 1 is moved to the interior of the lathe turret, then one end of the lathe turret is clamped with the surface of the vertical plate 15, when the vertical plate 15 and the lathe turret are parallel and level to each other, the extrusion sleeve 16 is pulled down, the extrusion sleeve 16 moves downwards under the guidance of the adjusting groove 17 and the limiting groove 19, and when the distance between the extrusion sleeve 16 and the vertical plate 15 is larger than that of the lathe turret, the effect of clamping the cutter body 1 on the surface of the lathe turret is achieved;
s2: the sliding bolt 20 can be used for connecting the bolt 20 with the vertical plate 15 by utilizing threads when the bottom end of the bolt 20 is aligned with the through hole 22, so that the phenomenon that the extrusion sleeve 16 is loosened is avoided, the extrusion sleeve 16 can be positioned, and the bolt 20 which moves continuously can extrude and fix the lathe turret;
s3: in the cutting process of the tool body 1, the temperature monitor 3 can monitor the cutting end of the tool body 1 in real time and transmit monitoring data to the terminal processor 4, the terminal processor 4 backs up the data to the storage module 10, the twin operation simulation module 5 collects the data and establishes a tool twin model through the logic model processing unit 12 and the concept model processing unit 11, meanwhile, the twin operation simulation module 5 can extract the processing steps in the lathe system 9, the establishing accuracy of the tool twin model is further improved, and the evaluation scoring module 6 can predict, evaluate and score the operation state of the tool twin model;
s4: when the predicted running state of the tool twin model is lower than a preset value, the evaluation scoring module 6 increases the data receiving and sending module 7 to send an alarm signal to the cloud server 8, and therefore the effect of increasing the response speed of shutdown maintenance is achieved.
The working principle and the using process of the invention are as follows: when the lathe tool turret cutting machine is used, a user firstly moves the tool body 1 to the inside of the lathe tool turret, then the end of the lathe tool turret is clamped with the surface of the vertical plate 15, when the vertical plate 15 and the lathe tool turret are parallel and level with each other, the user pulls down the extrusion sleeve 16, the extrusion sleeve 16 moves downwards under the guidance of the adjusting groove 17 and the limiting groove 19, when the distance between the extrusion sleeve 16 and the vertical plate 15 is larger than that of the lathe tool turret, the effect of clamping the tool body 1 on the surface of the lathe tool turret is achieved, then the user can slide the bolt 20, when the bottom end of the bolt 20 is aligned with the through hole 22, the bolt 20 can be connected with the vertical plate 15 through threads, so that the phenomenon that the extrusion sleeve 16 is loosened is avoided, the effect of positioning the extrusion sleeve 16 can be achieved, and the bolt 20 which continuously moves can also extrude and fix the lathe tool turret, in the cutting process of the tool body 1, the temperature monitor 3 can monitor the cutting end of the cutter body 1 in real time and transmit monitoring data to the terminal processor 4, the terminal processor 4 backs up the data to the storage module 10, the twin operation simulation module 5 collects the data and establishes a cutter twin model through the logic model processing unit 12 and the concept model processing unit 11, meanwhile, the twin operation simulation module 5 can extract processing steps in the lathe system 9, the establishment accuracy of the cutter twin model is further improved, the evaluation scoring module 6 can score the operation state of the cutter twin model through prediction and evaluation, when the prediction operation state of the cutter twin model is lower than a preset value, the evaluation scoring module 6 improves the data transceiver module 7 to send an alarm signal to the cloud server 8, and therefore the effect of improving the shutdown maintenance response speed is achieved.
In summary, the following steps: the intelligent cutting tool structure and the using method thereof, the cutting end of the tool body 1 is monitored in real time through the temperature monitor 3 and monitoring data is transmitted to the terminal processor 4, the terminal processor 4 backs up the data to the storage module 10, the twin operation simulation module 5 collects the data and establishes a tool twin model, meanwhile, the twin operation simulation module 5 can extract the processing steps in the lathe system 9, the establishing accuracy of the tool twin model is further improved, the evaluation scoring module 6 can predict, evaluate and score the operation state of the tool twin model, when the predicted operation state of the tool twin model is lower than a preset value, the evaluation scoring module 6 improves the data transceiver module 7 to send an alarm signal to the cloud server 8, thereby achieving the effect of improving the shutdown maintenance response speed, solving the problem that the existing lathe tool has single structure and function, the whole intelligent degree is relatively poor, the effect of detecting the running state is not achieved, the cutting safety of the cutter is seriously affected, and the problem that the service life of the lathe cutter is reduced is easily caused.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. An intelligent cutting tool structure and a using method thereof comprise a tool body (1);
the method is characterized in that: the front of the cutter body (1) is provided with an opening (2), the inside of the opening (2) is fixedly connected with a temperature monitor (3), the detection end of the temperature monitor (3) extends to the left side of the cutter body (1), the inside of the opening (2) is fixedly connected with a terminal processor (4), the input end of the terminal processor (4) is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the temperature monitor (3), the inside of the opening (2) is respectively and fixedly connected with a twin operation simulation module (5), an evaluation scoring module (6) and a data transceiver module (7), the input end of the twin operation simulation module (5) is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the terminal processor (4), the input end of the evaluation scoring module (6) is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the twin operation simulation module (5), the input end of the data transceiver module (7) is in bidirectional electric connection with the output end of the evaluation scoring module (6), the output end of the evaluation scoring module (6) is remotely and bidirectionally electrically connected with a cloud server (8) through a data transceiving module (7), the input end of the twin operation simulation module (5) is respectively and bidirectionally and electrically connected with a lathe system (9) and a storage module (10), and the input end of the storage module (10) is bidirectionally and electrically connected with the output end of the terminal processor (4).
2. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the twin operation simulation module (5) is composed of a conceptual model processing unit (11), a logic model processing unit (12) and a data sorting unit (13).
3. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the interior of the opening (2) is fixedly connected with a shielding case (14), and the terminal processor (4), the twin operation simulation module (5), the evaluation scoring module (6) and the storage module (10) are all fixedly connected in the shielding case (14).
4. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the cutter is characterized in that a vertical plate (15) is fixedly connected to the right side of the cutter body (1), an extrusion sleeve (16) is sleeved on the surface of the vertical plate (15), an adjusting groove (17) which is formed in the surface of the vertical plate (15) in a surrounding mode is formed in the surface of the extrusion sleeve (16), the adjusting groove (17) is connected with the vertical plate (15) in a sliding mode, a pressure spring (18) is fixedly connected to the top of the vertical plate (15), and one side, away from the vertical plate (15), of the pressure spring (18) is fixedly connected with the surface of the extrusion sleeve (16).
5. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 4, wherein: the right side of the cutter body (1) is provided with a limiting groove (19) communicated with the opening (2), the left side of the extrusion sleeve (16) is in threaded connection with a bolt (20) located inside the limiting groove (19), and the bolt (20) is in sliding connection with the limiting groove (19).
6. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the top of the extrusion sleeve (16) is provided with a positioning pin (21), the top of the vertical plate (15) is provided with a through hole (22), the bottom end of the positioning pin (21) penetrates through the extrusion sleeve (16) and extends to the inside of the through hole (22), the positioning pin (21) is in threaded connection with the through hole (22), and the extrusion sleeve (16) is in sliding connection with the positioning pin (21).
7. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 6, wherein: the surface of the positioning pin (21) is fixedly connected with a limiting ring (23), the limiting ring (23) is located between the vertical plate (15) and the extrusion sleeve (16), and the pressure spring (18) is sleeved on the surface of the limiting ring (23).
8. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the front and the back of the cutter body (1) are fixedly connected with baffle plates (24), and the opening (2) is located on the inner side of the baffle plates (24).
9. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the front of the cutter body (1) is provided with a wire casing (25) communicated with the opening (2), and the detection end of the temperature monitor (3) is positioned in the wire casing (25).
10. The intelligent cutting tool structure and the use method according to claim 1, wherein: the method comprises the following steps:
s1: the tool body (1) is moved to the interior of the lathe turret, then one end of the lathe turret is clamped with the surface of the vertical plate (15), when the vertical plate (15) and the lathe turret are parallel and level to each other, the extrusion sleeve (16) is pulled down, the extrusion sleeve (16) moves downwards under the guidance of the adjusting groove (17) and the limiting groove (19), and when the distance between the extrusion sleeve (16) and the vertical plate (15) is larger than that of the lathe turret, the effect of clamping the tool body (1) on the surface of the lathe turret is achieved;
s2: the sliding bolt (20) can be used for connecting the bolt (20) with the vertical plate (15) by utilizing threads when the bottom end of the bolt (20) is aligned with the through hole (22), so that the phenomenon that the extrusion sleeve (16) is loosened is avoided, the effect of positioning the extrusion sleeve (16) can be achieved, and the bolt (20) which continuously moves can extrude and fix the lathe turret;
s3: in the cutting process of the cutter body (1), the temperature monitor (3) can monitor the cutting end of the cutter body (1) in real time and transmit monitoring data to the terminal processor (4), the terminal processor (4) backs up the data to the storage module (10), the twin operation simulation module (5) collects the data and establishes a cutter twin model through the logic model processing unit (12) and the concept model processing unit (11), meanwhile, the twin operation simulation module (5) can extract processing steps in the lathe system (9), the establishing accuracy of the cutter twin model is further improved, and the evaluation scoring module (6) can predict, evaluate and score the operation state of the cutter twin model;
s4: when the predicted running state of the tool twin model is lower than a preset value, the evaluation scoring module (6) improves the data receiving and sending module (7) to send an alarm signal to the cloud server (8), so that the effect of improving the response speed of shutdown maintenance is achieved.
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