CN105328509B - A kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device - Google Patents

A kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105328509B
CN105328509B CN201510870405.5A CN201510870405A CN105328509B CN 105328509 B CN105328509 B CN 105328509B CN 201510870405 A CN201510870405 A CN 201510870405A CN 105328509 B CN105328509 B CN 105328509B
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
module
monitoring module
main
drilling machine
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CN201510870405.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105328509A (en
Inventor
林鑫
王君毅
林守金
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Zhongshan marait CNC Technology Co. Ltd.
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Zhongshan Marait Cnc Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/007Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for managing machine functions not concerning the tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/09Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool
    • B23Q17/0952Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool during machining
    • B23Q17/0957Detection of tool breakage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/09Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool
    • B23Q17/0952Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool during machining
    • B23Q17/0971Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting pressure or for determining cutting-tool condition, e.g. cutting ability, load on tool during machining by measuring mechanical vibrations of parts of the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/10Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring cutting speed or number of revolutions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/24Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools using optics or electromagnetic waves
    • B23Q17/2409Arrangements for indirect observation of the working space using image recording means, e.g. a camera

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling devices, include main monitoring board, rotation speed monitoring module, vibration monitoring module, the rotation speed monitoring module is installed in vibration monitoring module on the main shaft of drilling machine, and is electrically connected with main monitoring board, and the main monitoring board is equipped with alarm module.The present invention on the main shaft of drilling machine by being equipped with rotation speed monitoring module, vibration monitoring module; the operating condition of monitoring main shaft in real time; when the data monitored are abnormal; alarm is sent out by main monitoring board; it reminds operation employee to carry out malfunction elimination to equipment, is effectively protected the safety of drilling machine and the service life of drill bit.The intelligent monitoring of drilling machine.

Description

A kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of drill attachment, special monitoring device.
Background technology
Hole usually the ratio between hole depth and aperture more than 6 in mechanical processing calls deep hole.When gun drilling, heat dissipation and row Bits are difficult, and poor rigidity due to drilling rod is elongated, are also easy to produce bending and vibration.It will generally solve to cool down by pressurized cooling system With chip removal problem, the gun drill of especially diameter≤4.0mm is most difficult to process, and every gun drill price is at thousand yuan or more, If often fractureed, processing efficiency and workpiece quality are not only influenced, while being also a no small waste to enterprise.
Through research, in gun drilling, the vibrations that gun drill can be all abnormal before fractureing, but at present in depth drill It is monitored the device of analysis on bed for these vibrations not yet.
Invention content
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:A kind of dress that automatic monitoring and early warning can be carried out to deep hole drilling machine is provided It sets.
The solution that the present invention solves its technical problem is:A kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device includes main prison Drafting board, rotation speed monitoring module, vibration monitoring module, the rotation speed monitoring module are installed in the master of drilling machine with vibration monitoring module It on axis, and is electrically connected with main monitoring board, the main monitoring board is equipped with alarm module.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include having torque monitoring module, the torque monitoring module is same Sample is mounted on the main shaft of drilling machine, and is electrically connected with main monitoring board.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include having vision monitoring module, the vision monitoring module packet Camera unit, comparison unit are included, the vision monitoring module is electrically connected with main monitoring board, and the camera unit faces brill Head.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include having temperature monitoring module, hydraulic pressure monitoring module, the temperature Degree monitoring module is connect with main monitoring board electricity point with hydraulic pressure monitoring module;The temperature monitoring module is mounted on hydraulic oil container Interior, the hydraulic pressure monitoring module is mounted on high pressure oil burner nozzle.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include having communication module, the communication module and main monitoring board Electrical connection.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, further include having display module, the display module and main monitoring board Electrical connection.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention on the main shaft of drilling machine by being equipped with rotation speed monitoring module, vibration prison Module is surveyed, the operating condition for monitoring main shaft in real time sends out alarm by main monitoring board, carry when the data monitored are abnormal The operation employee that wakes up carries out malfunction elimination to equipment, is effectively protected the safety of drilling machine and the service life of drill bit.The intelligence of drilling machine It can monitoring.
Description of the drawings
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.Obviously, described attached drawing is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than is all implemented Example, those skilled in the art without creative efforts, can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other designs Scheme and attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the datagram that the vibration monitoring module of the present invention measures.
Specific implementation mode
The technique effect of the design of the present invention, concrete structure and generation is carried out below with reference to embodiment and attached drawing clear Chu is fully described by, to be completely understood by the purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment is this hair Bright a part of the embodiment, rather than whole embodiments, based on the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not being paid The other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.In addition, be previously mentioned in text All connection/connection relations not singly refer to component and directly connect, and refer to that can be added deduct according to specific implementation situation by adding Few couple auxiliary, to form more preferably coupling structure.Each technical characteristic in the invention, in not conflicting conflict Under the premise of can be with combination of interactions.
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device includes main monitoring board, rotation speed monitoring module, vibration monitoring Module, the rotation speed monitoring module is installed in vibration monitoring module on the main shaft of drilling machine, and is electrically connected with main monitoring board, institute It states main monitoring board and is equipped with alarm module.All vibrations necessarily have the variation of acceleration all along with movement.By theory point Analysis is it is found that the size and the changing rule of rule and acceleration of vibration are almost the same.It therefore, in a sense, can be by adding The feature of speed characterizes the feature of vibration.As shown in Fig. 2, in a drilling cycle, lead-in stage, normal drill can be divided into Stage and export stage, in lead-in stage, due to being the rigid contact workpiece of drill bit, the inspection generated by drill bit that vibration module monitors Measured data changes greatly, and there are one apparent peak values, this is a signal very outstanding;When normal drill, detection curve is one It is fluctuated in the range of a very little, with the difference of material, has different changing rules;Ring moulds part will be drilled in drill bit When, detection curve can there are one small peak values, higher than normal drill, much lower when than importing.Utilize the present invention Intelligent monitoring device, in detection process, when not detecting indicatrix in the corresponding stage, it is meant that boring procedure goes out Existing improper situation, monitoring device will alarm.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, further includes having torque monitoring module, the torque monitoring module is equally pacified It is electrically connected on the main shaft of drilling machine, and with main monitoring board.Torque monitoring can by monitor motor output power learn, when When torque is abnormal, it is more likely that be that drill bit encounters lump.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, further includes having vision monitoring module, the vision monitoring module includes Camera unit, comparison unit, the vision monitoring module are electrically connected with main monitoring board, and the camera unit faces drill bit.Profit The moment in aperture is withdrawn into drilling bit high-speed with the camera inside lathe, visual monitoring bit contour is carried out with standard profile It compares, the abrasion condition of interpretation cutter facilitates carry out tool life management.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, further includes having temperature monitoring module, hydraulic pressure monitoring module, the temperature prison Control module is connect with main monitoring board electricity point with hydraulic pressure monitoring module;The temperature monitoring module is mounted in hydraulic oil container, institute Hydraulic pressure monitoring module is stated on high pressure oil burner nozzle.Using the temperature sensor in hydraulic oil container, oil temperature is measured, oil temperature is worked as , can be with output signal higher than setting value, the cooling device for starting peripheral hardware;And the monitoring of hydraulic pressure monitoring module is utilized to be sprayed from drill gun The high pressure oil hydraulic pressure height situation of change of injection, when can be to hydraulic pressure catastrophic failure, abrupt pressure reduction situation carries out early warning, while can With whether damaged according to the variation automatic decision drill bit of pressure.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, further includes having communication module, the communication module is electrically connected with main monitoring board It connects.What the communication module may be used is RS485 chips, and the wireless communication of long range may be implemented using it, facilitate administrator The operating condition of the remote monitoring device of member.
It is further used as preferred embodiment, further includes having display module, the display module is electrically connected with main monitoring board It connects.Certainly, the display module of such as display screen can be equipped on lathe, intuitively by each monitoring data and alarm condition Reflection on a display screen, is conveniently managed.
The better embodiment of the present invention is illustrated above, but the invention is not limited to the implementation Example, those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent modifications or be replaced under the premise of without prejudice to spirit of that invention It changes, these equivalent modifications or replacement are all contained in the application claim limited range.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device, it is characterised in that:Include main monitoring board, rotation speed monitoring module, vibration prison Survey module, torque monitoring module, vision monitoring module, temperature monitoring module, hydraulic pressure monitoring module, the rotation speed monitoring module, Vibration monitoring module is installed in torque monitoring module on the main shaft of drilling machine, and is electrically connected with main monitoring board, the main monitoring Plate is equipped with alarm module;The feature of vibration is characterized by the feature of acceleration, detection curve is obtained, in a drilling cycle It is interior, it is divided into lead-in stage, normal drill stage and export stage, in lead-in stage, due to being the rigid contact workpiece of drill bit, drill bit production Greatly, there are one peak values for the detection curve of lead-in stage for raw vibration data variation;In the normal drill stage, detection curve is one It is fluctuated in the range of a very little, with the difference of material, has different changing rules;In the export stage, will be bored in drill bit When wearing ring moulds part, detection curve can be there are one small peak value, and the small peak value is higher than normal drill, than importing when Time wants low;In detection process, do not detect that the stage corresponds to when some stage of vibration monitoring module in drilling cycle Detection curve when, then there is improper situation in boring procedure, and the monitoring device will alarm;The vision monitoring module packet Camera unit, comparison unit are included, the vision monitoring module is electrically connected with main monitoring board, and the camera unit faces brill Head is withdrawn into the moment in aperture, visual monitoring bit contour, with standard profile using the camera inside lathe in drilling bit high-speed It is compared, the abrasion condition of interpretation cutter, facilitates carry out tool life management;The temperature monitoring module monitors mould with hydraulic pressure Block is electrically connected with main monitoring board, and the temperature monitoring module is mounted in hydraulic oil container, and the hydraulic pressure monitoring module is mounted on On high pressure oil burner nozzle.
2. deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Further include having communication module, institute Communication module is stated to be electrically connected with main monitoring board.
3. deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Further include having display module, institute Display module is stated to be electrically connected with main monitoring board.
CN201510870405.5A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of deep hole drilling machine intelligent monitoring and controlling device Active CN105328509B (en)

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CN105328509B true CN105328509B (en) 2018-07-27

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6266144B1 (en) 2017-01-27 2018-01-24 Dmg森精機株式会社 Vibration state detection device and machine tool provided with vibration state detection device
CN106825676A (en) * 2017-03-16 2017-06-13 佛山市迈雷特数控装备有限公司 A kind of Double end digital control deep hole drilling machine
CN109848748A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-06-07 赖成龙 A kind of drilling shear test data automatic collection control system and application method
CN110014329A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-07-16 湖北江山华科数字设备科技有限公司 Intelligent tool set test platform in a kind of cutting process
CN110712066A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-01-21 湖南工学院 Method suitable for monitoring cutter state in deep hole internal thread machining

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CN201184971Y (en) * 2008-01-15 2009-01-21 德州德隆(集团)机床有限责任公司 Numerical control system apparatus special for single coordinates deep-hole drilling machine
TWI457196B (en) * 2008-12-05 2014-10-21 Ind Tech Res Inst A machine tool with a real-time working status monitoring function
DE102010003338A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Komet Group Gmbh Machine tool with rotary transformer for data
CN201926897U (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-10 重庆大学 Monitoring system for running parameters of numerical control machine
CN102357841A (en) * 2011-09-21 2012-02-22 南京工业职业技术学院 Vibration reduction test device for vibration drilling
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Effective date of registration: 20171130

Address after: 528400 Guangdong, Zhongshan Torch Development Zone, rich road, No. 5

Applicant after: Zhongshan marait CNC Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 528000 Guangdong Province, Nanhai District, Shishan Town, Huang Dongcun "Chatian Gang" (General Building)

Applicant before: MLT CNC Technology Co., Ltd.

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Address after: 528400 101, no.43-1, Keji West Road, Torch Development Zone, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province (application for residence)

Patentee after: ZHONGSHAN MLTOR CNC TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 528400 Guangdong, Zhongshan Torch Development Zone, rich road, No. 5

Patentee before: ZHONGSHAN MLTOR CNC TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder