CN114586500B - Municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation - Google Patents

Municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114586500B
CN114586500B CN202210346033.6A CN202210346033A CN114586500B CN 114586500 B CN114586500 B CN 114586500B CN 202210346033 A CN202210346033 A CN 202210346033A CN 114586500 B CN114586500 B CN 114586500B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
shell
fixedly connected
scraping
helical blade
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Active
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CN202210346033.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114586500A (en
Inventor
岳峰
宋庆玖
廖卫云
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Huainan Jianfa Municipal Engineering Co ltd
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Huainan Jianfa Municipal Engineering Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • B08B1/165
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of tree planting equipment, in particular to a municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban greening, which comprises: casing, support, fly leaf, the motor link firmly in the fly leaf top, the motor axis of rotation passes the fly leaf lower surface, the screw rod link firmly in the motor axis of rotation, the last helical blade that has linked firmly of screw rod, propulsion unit spare is installed casing upper portion, propulsion unit spare is used for controlling the fly leaf and reciprocates in the casing inside, tree planting device still includes: the scraping component is arranged at the lower part of the shell and is used for scraping the sludge on the spiral blade; the invention has simple structure, and can solve the problems that the sticky soil is adhered between the blades of the drill rod during digging, so that the digging molding is poor, the soil adhered to the blades on the drill rod is required to be cleaned, and the quick digging operation of workers is not facilitated.

Description

Municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tree planting equipment, and particularly relates to a municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban greening.
Background
In the tree planting process of urban greening municipal construction, firstly, a pit with enough depth is dug on the ground so as to plant seedlings, and a ground pit digger for tree planting is an important tool for tree planting and pit digging, the current small pit digger usually adopts a drill rod to drill pits, but because the soil has viscosity, especially moist soil has higher viscosity, viscous soil is adhered between blades of the drill rod in the pit digging process, poor pit digging forming is caused, and soil adhered to the blades on the drill rod is required to be cleaned, so that the pit digging operation is not convenient for workers to quickly perform.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the problems that the sticky soil is adhered between blades of a drill rod during pit digging, so that pit digging molding is poor, and soil adhered to the blades on the drill rod is required to be cleaned, so that pit digging operation is not facilitated for workers are fast carried out are solved.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban greening, which comprises:
the shell body is provided with a plurality of grooves,
the bracket is fixedly connected to the side wall of the lower part of the shell, the bottom of the bracket is provided with a roller,
the movable plate is arranged in the shell in a sliding way up and down,
the motor is fixedly connected above the movable plate, the rotating shaft of the motor penetrates through the lower surface of the movable plate,
the screw rod is fixedly connected to the motor rotating shaft, the screw rod is fixedly connected with a helical blade,
the propulsion component is arranged at the upper part of the shell and is used for controlling the movable plate to move up and down in the shell,
the tree planting device further comprises:
and the scraping assembly is arranged at the lower part of the shell and is used for scraping the sludge on the spiral blade.
Preferably, the propulsion assembly comprises:
the first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the shell, the extending shaft of the first hydraulic cylinder is positioned in the shell,
the connecting piece is fixedly connected to the end part of the first hydraulic cylinder, and the other end of the connecting piece is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the movable plate.
Preferably, the scraping assembly comprises:
the second hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell, the extension shaft of the second hydraulic cylinder is positioned below the spiral blade,
the third hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell, the extension shaft of the third hydraulic cylinder is positioned above the spiral blade,
the scraping parts are two and fixedly connected with the end parts of the extending shafts of the second hydraulic cylinder and the third hydraulic cylinder respectively, and the surfaces of one side of the scraping parts, facing the helical blade, are matched with the surfaces of the helical blade.
Preferably, the scraping part is fixedly connected with a blocking needle on the surface of one side far away from the spiral blade.
Preferably, the tree planting device further comprises:
the cleaning assembly is arranged inside the shell and is used for cleaning soil on the retaining needle and the scraping piece.
Preferably, the cleaning assembly comprises:
a slider slidably mounted on the extension shafts of the second and third cylinders,
one end of the spring is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the shell, the other end of the spring is fixedly connected with the surface of one side of the sliding piece, which is close to the shell,
and the brush is fixedly connected to the surface of one side, close to the screw rod, of the sliding piece.
Preferably, the bottom of the screw is fixedly connected with a pre-penetrating piece, and the pre-penetrating piece is used for pre-penetrating and excavating soil.
Preferably, PTFE coatings are sprayed on the spiral blades, the inner wall of the shell and the screw.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban greening, the plurality of blocking needles are fixedly connected to the surface of one side, which is relatively far away from the spiral blade, of the scraping piece, and the blocking needles are uniformly arranged on the scraping piece, so that when the scraping piece scrapes the soil adhered to the spiral blade, larger soil can be effectively broken to form small soil blocks, the small soil blocks can be quickly dropped to the lower part of the shell, the using effect of the device is effectively improved, and the device has certain practical performance.
2. According to the municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban afforestation, the lower end of the screw is fixedly connected with the pre-penetrating piece at the lower part of the spiral blade, the pre-penetrating piece is conical, so that the problem that the scraping piece cannot be matched with the surface of the spiral blade any more and the effect of scraping mud blocks is poor due to the fact that the spiral blade is curled after touching the stone due to the fact that large stones exist in soil is avoided, the using effect of the device is improved, and the device has certain practicability.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a first schematic view of the present invention in section;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
FIG. 4 is a second schematic view of the present invention in section;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 4 at B;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a second hydraulic cylinder, a third hydraulic cylinder, and a doctoring assembly of the present invention;
in the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a bracket 2, a roller 21, a movable plate 3, a motor 4, a screw 5, a helical blade 6, a first hydraulic cylinder 7, a connecting piece 8, a second hydraulic cylinder 9, a third hydraulic cylinder 11, a scraping piece 12, a blocking needle 13, a sliding piece 14, a spring 15, a hairbrush 16 and a pre-penetrating piece 17.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described in connection with the following detailed description in order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement of the purpose and the effect of the invention easy to understand.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban greening according to the present invention comprises:
the housing 1 is provided with a plurality of openings,
the bracket 2 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the lower part of the shell 1, the bottom of the bracket 2 is provided with a roller 21,
a movable plate 3, wherein the movable plate 3 is arranged inside the shell 1 in a sliding way up and down,
a motor 4, wherein the motor 4 is fixedly connected above the movable plate 3, a rotating shaft of the motor 4 passes through the lower surface of the movable plate 3,
the screw 5 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft of the motor 4, the screw 5 is fixedly connected with a helical blade 6,
a propulsion assembly installed at the upper portion of the housing 1 for controlling the movable plate 3 to move up and down inside the housing 1,
the tree planting device further comprises:
a scraping assembly mounted at a lower portion of the housing 1 for scraping sludge on the helical blades 6;
in operation, municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation of this application includes: the casing 1, casing 1 inside hollow and lower part opening, support 2 has been linked firmly on casing 1 lower part lateral wall, support 2 has three and links firmly respectively on casing 1's three sides, support 2 lower part rotates and is connected with gyro wheel 21, casing 1 upper portion links firmly the handle on the surface of one side that does not install support 2, the handle is used for promoting this device and advances, vertical sliding connection has fly leaf 3 about the casing 1 inside, the motor 4 has been linked firmly in the middle part of the fly leaf upper surface, the axis of rotation of motor 4 passes fly leaf 3 lower surface, the axis of rotation tip of motor 4 has linked firmly screw rod 5, screw rod 5 surface has linked firmly helical blade 6, propulsion unit is installed on casing 1 upper portion, propulsion unit is used for controlling fly leaf 3 at the inside vertical reciprocates of casing 1, the tree planting device of this application still includes: the scraping component is arranged at the lower part of the shell 1 and is used for scraping sludge on the spiral blade 6 so as to reduce the overall weight of the tree planting device, facilitate the continuous pit digging operation of workers, and avoid the inconvenience caused by the difficulty in pit digging operation of the spiral blade 6 when the tree planting device is used next time after the sludge on the spiral blade 6 is dried, and the power device is an engine or other devices capable of providing power for the motor 4 and the propulsion component (the power device is the prior art and is not repeated);
in the initial state, the scraping assembly is not in contact with the helical blade 6;
when the device is used, firstly, a handle is pushed, under the action of the roller 21, the shell 1 moves to a fixed point where pit digging is required, secondly, the power device is controlled to work, at the moment, the motor 4 works, the rotating shaft of the motor 4 drives the screw 5 and the helical blade 6 to rotate, the scraping component is not contacted with the helical blade 6, then, the pushing component is controlled to work, under the action of the pushing component, the motor 4, the screw 5 and the helical blade 6 synchronously move downwards, and after the downwards moved helical blade 6 contacts soil, the soil can be excavated, so that the pit digging effect is realized;
after the excavation of the pits required by tree planting is completed, the scraping assembly is controlled to work firstly so that the scraping assembly is contacted with the helical blade 6, then the motor 4 is controlled to rotate, and the pushing assembly is controlled to synchronously move so as to realize the movement of the scraping assembly which moves upwards and rotates the helical blade 6 relatively fixedly, so that under the action of the scraping assembly, the sludge adhered to the helical blade 6 can be scraped and falls to the lower part of the shell 1, when the helical blade 6 completely enters the shell 1 and the scraping assembly is not contacted with the helical blade 6 any more, the sludge adhered to the helical blade 6 can be completely scraped, so that the problem that the sludge is difficult to operate when the next pit digging operation is caused by solidification of the sludge on the helical blade 6 is solved, the application effect is improved, and the device has certain practical performance;
after the sludge on the spiral blade 6 is scraped, the scraping component can be reset for the next use.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the propulsion assembly includes:
a first hydraulic cylinder 7, wherein the first hydraulic cylinder 7 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the shell 1, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 extends out to be positioned in the shell 1,
the connecting piece 8 is fixedly connected to the end part of the first hydraulic cylinder 7, and the other end of the connecting piece 8 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the movable plate 3;
in operation, the propulsion assembly comprises: the first hydraulic cylinder 7, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 links firmly on the upper surface of the body 1, the protruding shaft of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 runs through the upper surface of the body 1 and locates in body 1, the end of the protruding shaft of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 links firmly the connecting piece 8, the connecting piece 8 is "" shape, the foot of the connecting piece 8 links firmly the upper surface of the movable plate 3;
when the helical blade 6 is controlled to move downwards in the shell 1, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 is controlled to work, the extending end of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 controls the connecting piece 8 to synchronously move downwards, the connecting piece 8 pushes the movable plate 3 to vertically move downwards in the shell 1, the motor 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the movable plate 3, and the rotating shaft of the motor 4 is fixedly connected with the screw 5 and the helical blade 6, so that the helical blade 6 moves up and down in the shell 1, the operation is convenient, the practicability is realized, the workload of workers is reduced, the size of a needed tree planting pit can be controlled by controlling the height of the extending end of the first hydraulic cylinder 7, the working efficiency of pit digging is improved, and the survival rate of seedlings is improved;
when the control screw blade 6 moves up inside the housing 1, the operation thereof is opposite to that described above, and the description thereof will not be repeated.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the scraping assembly includes:
a second hydraulic cylinder 9, wherein the second hydraulic cylinder 9 is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell 1, the extension shaft of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 is positioned at the opposite lower part of the helical blade 6,
a third hydraulic cylinder 11, the third hydraulic cylinder 11 is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell 1, the extension shaft of the third hydraulic cylinder 11 is positioned above the opposite part of the helical blade 6,
the two scraping pieces 12 are respectively and fixedly connected to the end parts of the extending shafts of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11, and the surface of one side of the scraping piece 12, which faces the spiral blade 6, is matched with the surface of the spiral blade 6;
in operation, the scraping assembly comprises: the second hydraulic cylinder 9 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the lower part of the shell 1, the second hydraulic cylinder 9 is positioned on one side wall surface where the two symmetrically designed brackets 2 exist, a third hydraulic cylinder 11 is fixedly connected to the side wall opposite to the side wall, the third hydraulic cylinder 11 is positioned at the lower part of the shell 1, the extending end of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 extends into the shell 1 and is positioned below the helical blade 6 opposite to the inside of the shell 1, the extending end of the third hydraulic cylinder 11 extends into the shell 1 and is positioned above the helical blade 6 opposite to the inside of the shell, scraping pieces 12 are fixedly connected to the end parts of the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11, and one side surface of the scraping pieces 12 facing the helical blade 6 is matched with the outer surface of the helical blade 6;
in the initial state, the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are positioned inside the shell 1, and the scraping piece 12 is relatively far away from the spiral blade 6, i.e. the scraping piece 12 is not contacted with the surface of the spiral blade 6;
when the helical blade 6 of the application finishes excavating soil, the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are controlled to work, so that the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 synchronously move towards the direction of the screw 5, when the scraping parts 12 of the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are completely matched with the helical blade 6, the motor 4 and the first hydraulic cylinder 7 are controlled to synchronously work, so that the helical blade 6 rotates and ascends in the shell 1, the helical blade 6 moves upwards in the shell 1 relative to the scraping parts 12, the scraping parts 12 scrape the sludge adhered to the upper surface and the lower surface of the helical blade 6, the scraped sludge falls to the bottom of the shell 1, the problem that the sludge is difficult to remove after solidification is avoided, so that the excavating effect of the helical blade 6 on the soil is poor when the helical blade 6 is affected next time, and the problem that the tree planting device of the application is heavier due to the fact that more sludge is adhered on the helical blade 6 is avoided, and the construction difficulty of workers is increased is avoided;
after the pit digging operation is finished once, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 and the second hydraulic cylinder 9 are controlled to work, so that the extending ends of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 and the second hydraulic cylinder 9 move away from the screw 5, the scraping piece 12 is not in contact with the helical blade 6, and when the pit digging operation is needed again, the operation is repeated, so that the pit digging device has certain practicability.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the scraping member 12 is fixedly connected with a blocking needle 13 on a surface of a side far away from the helical blade 6;
during operation, in the pit digging and tree planting process, the condition that the soil is moist is unavoidable, thereby easily leading to more soil attached to the helical blade 6, only scrape it through the scraping part 12 matched with the helical blade 6, be difficult to make the soil of comparatively big piece drop to casing 1 lower part, at this moment, through scraping part 12 and keeping off needle 13 in keeping away from helical blade 6 one side surface relatively, keep off needle 13 has a plurality of and evenly arranged on scraping part 12, can be when scraping part 12 scrapes the soil that adheres to on helical blade 6, can effectually break comparatively big piece of soil, form the soil block of tiny, thereby make it drop to casing 1 lower part fast, effectively improve the result of use of this application, possess certain practicality.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the tree planting device further includes:
the cleaning assembly is arranged in the shell 1 and is used for cleaning soil on the retaining needle 13 and the scraping piece 12;
the cleaning assembly includes:
a slide 14, said slide 14 being slidably mounted on the extension shafts of said second 9 and third 11 hydraulic cylinders,
a spring 15, wherein one end of the spring 15 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the shell 1, the other end is fixedly connected to the surface of one side of the sliding piece 14, which is close to the shell 1,
a brush 16, wherein the brush 16 is fixedly connected to the surface of the sliding piece 14 at one side close to the screw 5;
during operation, municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation of this application still includes: the cleaning component is arranged in the shell 1, when the scraping piece 12 and the blocking needle 13 finish scraping the mud blocks on the helical blade 6, a small amount of mud blocks are adhered between the blocking needle 13 and the scraping block and are difficult to remove, and the cleaning component is arranged to clean the mud blocks on the blocking needle 13 and the scraping piece 12 at the moment, so that the scraping block and the blocking needle 13 are convenient to scrape the mud blocks on the helical blade 6 next time;
the cleaning assembly includes: the sliding part 14 is slidably arranged on the extending shafts of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11, a spring 15 is fixedly connected to the surface of one side, far away from the screw 5, of the sliding part 14, the other end of the spring 15 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the shell 1, a hairbrush 16 is fixedly connected to the surface of one side, facing the screw 5, of the sliding part 14, and the hairbrush 16 and the blocking needle 13 are staggered relatively;
when the scraping piece 12 is used for scraping the mud blocks on the helical blade 6, the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are controlled to work, the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 move towards the side far away from the screw 5, namely the retaining needles 13 move towards the side of the hairbrush 16, the hairbrush 16 cleans the mud blocks attached between the retaining needles 13 and on the surface of the scraping block, and the outer diameter of the scraping piece 12 is larger than that of the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11, so that after the end part of the scraping piece 12 contacts the sliding piece 14 and is close to the surface of the screw 5, the hairbrush 16 can clean the mud blocks maximally, the spring 15 is in a compressed state, and then the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are controlled to reciprocate so as to realize the maximum cleaning of the mud blocks attached between the retaining needles 13 and on the surface of the scraping block, and the using effect of the application is improved;
after the cleaning is completed, the projecting ends of the second and third hydraulic cylinders 9 and 11 are controlled to move in a direction away from the screw 5 so that the scraper 12 is in an initial state.
As one embodiment of the invention, the bottom of the screw 5 is fixedly connected with a pre-penetrating piece 17, and the pre-penetrating piece 17 is used for pre-penetrating and excavating soil;
during operation, screw rod 5 lower extreme has linked firmly in helical blade 6 lower part and has worn piece 17 in advance, wears piece 17 in advance and is the taper, has had the turn-up to appear after leading to helical blade 6 to touch the stone through setting up to wear piece 17 in order to avoid having big stone in the earth to lead to striking off piece 12 can no longer with helical blade 6 surface assorted, leads to striking off the relatively poor problem of mud piece effect, with this result of use who improves this application, possesses certain practicality.
As an implementation mode of the invention, PTFE coatings are sprayed on the spiral blade 6, the inner wall of the shell 1 and the screw 5;
during operation, all spray coating PTFE coating on helical blade 6, casing 1 inner wall, the screw rod 5 surface is because of the PTFE coating possesses certain self-lubricating effect to make the mud soil block that adheres to on helical blade 6, casing 1 inner wall, screw rod 5 surface easily drop, reduce the possibility that mud block adheres to on helical blade 6, casing 1 inner wall, screw rod 5 surface, possess certain practicality.
The specific working procedure is as follows:
in the initial state, the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are positioned inside the shell 1, and the scraping piece 12 is relatively far away from the spiral blade 6, i.e. the scraping piece 12 is not contacted with the surface of the spiral blade 6;
when the movable plate is used, firstly, a handle is pushed, under the action of the roller 21, the shell 1 moves to a fixed point where pit digging is required, secondly, the power device is controlled to work, at the moment, the motor 4 works, the rotating shaft of the motor 4 drives the screw 5 and the helical blade 6 to rotate, and then when the helical blade 6 is controlled to move downwards in the shell 1, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 is controlled to work, the extending end of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 controls the connecting piece 8 to synchronously move downwards, the connecting piece 8 pushes the movable plate 3 to vertically move downwards in the shell 1, and the motor 4 is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the movable plate 3, and the rotating shaft of the motor 4 is fixedly connected with the screw 5 and the helical blade 6, so that the helical blade 6 moves upwards and downwards in the shell 1 can dig soil after contacting the soil, and the pit digging effect is realized;
when the helical blade 6 finishes excavating soil, the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are controlled to work, so that the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 synchronously move towards the direction of the screw 5, and when the scraping parts 12 of the extending ends of the second hydraulic cylinder 9 and the third hydraulic cylinder 11 are completely matched with the helical blade 6, the motor 4 and the first hydraulic cylinder 7 are controlled to synchronously work, so that the helical blade 6 rotates and ascends in the shell 1, the helical blade 6 moves upwards in the shell 1 relative to the scraping parts 12, the scraped sludge adhered to the upper surface and the lower surface of the helical blade 6 is scraped by the scraping parts 12, and the scraped sludge falls to the bottom of the shell 1;
after the pit digging operation is finished once, the first hydraulic cylinder 7 and the second hydraulic cylinder 9 are controlled to work, so that the extending ends of the first hydraulic cylinder 7 and the second hydraulic cylinder 9 move away from the screw 5, the scraping piece 12 is not in contact with the helical blade 6, and when the pit digging operation is needed again, the operation is repeated.
The foregoing has shown and described the basic principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and that the above embodiments and descriptions are merely illustrative of the principles of the present invention, and various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is defined in the appended claims. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (3)

1. Municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation includes:
a housing (1),
the bracket (2), the bracket (2) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the lower part of the shell (1), the bottom of the bracket (2) is provided with a roller (21),
a movable plate (3), wherein the movable plate (3) is arranged in the shell (1) in a sliding way up and down,
a motor (4), wherein the motor (4) is fixedly connected above the movable plate (3), a rotating shaft of the motor (4) passes through the lower surface of the movable plate (3),
the screw (5), the screw (5) is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft of the motor (4), the screw (5) is fixedly connected with a helical blade (6),
the propulsion component is arranged at the upper part of the shell (1) and is used for controlling the movable plate (3) to move up and down in the shell (1),
the method is characterized in that: the tree planting device further comprises:
a scraping assembly mounted at the lower part of the housing (1) for scraping sludge on the helical blades (6);
the propulsion assembly includes:
the first hydraulic cylinder (7), the first hydraulic cylinder (7) is fixedly connected to the upper surface of the shell (1), the first hydraulic cylinder (7) extends out to be positioned in the shell (1),
the connecting piece (8), the said connecting piece (8) links firmly in the end of the said first hydraulic cylinder (7), another end links firmly the upper surface of the said movable plate (3);
the doctoring assembly includes:
the second hydraulic cylinder (9), the second hydraulic cylinder (9) is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell (1), the extension shaft of the second hydraulic cylinder (9) is positioned at the opposite lower part of the helical blade (6),
the third hydraulic cylinder (11), the third hydraulic cylinder (11) is fixedly connected to the lower part of the shell (1), the extension shaft of the third hydraulic cylinder (11) is positioned above the opposite part of the helical blade (6),
the scraping pieces (12) are arranged at two ends of the extending shafts of the second hydraulic cylinder (9) and the third hydraulic cylinder (11) respectively, and the surfaces of one side of the scraping pieces (12) facing the helical blade (6) are matched with the surfaces of the helical blade (6);
a blocking needle (13) is fixedly connected to the surface of one side of the scraping piece (12) far away from the spiral blade (6);
the tree planting device further comprises:
the cleaning assembly is arranged inside the shell (1) and is used for cleaning soil on the retaining needle (13) and the scraping piece (12);
the cleaning assembly includes:
a slider (14), said slider (14) being slidably mounted on the extension shafts of said second hydraulic cylinder (9) and said third hydraulic cylinder (11),
a spring (15), one end of the spring (15) is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the shell (1), the other end is fixedly connected with the surface of one side of the sliding piece (14) close to the shell (1),
and the brush (16) is fixedly connected to the surface of one side, close to the screw (5), of the sliding piece (14).
2. The municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban afforestation according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the screw (5) is fixedly connected with a pre-penetrating piece (17), and the pre-penetrating piece (17) is used for pre-penetrating and excavating soil.
3. The municipal construction integrated tree planting device for urban afforestation according to any one of claims 1-2, wherein: PTFE coatings are sprayed on the spiral blades (6), the inner wall of the shell (1) and the screw (5).
CN202210346033.6A 2022-04-02 2022-04-02 Municipal construction integration tree planting device for urban afforestation Active CN114586500B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN114586500B true CN114586500B (en) 2024-03-08

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CN210031755U (en) * 2019-04-18 2020-02-07 申晓瑜 Rotary digging and soil taking device for detecting roadbed compactedness by sand filling method
CN210738483U (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-06-12 武汉市汉阳市政建设集团有限公司 Soil cleaning device of long spiral drilling machine
CN210959399U (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-07-10 江西雾源生态科技有限公司 Tea-oil camellia is planted with device of digging pit fast
CN212677687U (en) * 2020-07-07 2021-03-12 北京顺天城达园林绿化有限公司 Afforestation plants with digging device
CN214330534U (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-10-01 陕西隆岳地基基础工程有限公司 Mud removing device for spiral drill rod
CN215011491U (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-12-07 朱爱群 Sapling digging device for forestry

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