CN114536501B - Use method of full-automatic plate cutting device - Google Patents

Use method of full-automatic plate cutting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114536501B
CN114536501B CN202210248270.9A CN202210248270A CN114536501B CN 114536501 B CN114536501 B CN 114536501B CN 202210248270 A CN202210248270 A CN 202210248270A CN 114536501 B CN114536501 B CN 114536501B
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Prior art keywords
cutting
plate
transverse
transverse cutting
assembly
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CN114536501A (en
Inventor
杨扬戬
郑军
龚哲
邵园园
林鹏
尹绍杰
朱优优
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Research Institute of Zhejiang University Taizhou
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Research Institute of Zhejiang University Taizhou
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Priority to CN202210974616.3A priority Critical patent/CN115446932A/en
Priority to CN202210977001.6A priority patent/CN115416129A/en
Priority to CN202210248270.9A priority patent/CN114536501B/en
Publication of CN114536501A publication Critical patent/CN114536501A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/18Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of furniture or of doors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C9/00Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor
    • B27C9/04Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor with a plurality of working spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M1/00Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching
    • B27M1/08Working of wood not provided for in subclasses B27B - B27L, e.g. by stretching by multi-step processes

Abstract

The invention discloses a use method of a full-automatic plate cutting device, which utilizes the full-automatic plate cutting device to cut plates, and the full-automatic plate cutting device comprises a main control system, a feeding device, a transverse cutting device, a waste device, a conveying device, a longitudinal cutting device and a finished plate conveying device.

Description

Use method of full-automatic plate cutting device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of plate processing, and relates to a use method of a full-automatic plate cutting device.
Background
In the current market, a full-automatic production line is adopted for producing composite wooden doors by wooden door manufacturers, and the premise of realizing full-automatic production is that a worker needs to install a structure of a complete wooden door firstly, before the wooden door is assembled, a material needs to be cut manually, then the wooden door is assembled, the previous preparation of the composite filling plate is carried out by a manual cutting saw at present, the worker needs to take a measuring tape or other measuring tools for measurement, then the composite filling plate is aligned, the operator finishes the cutting of the door material by hand pushing, the frame of the door is assembled with square wood and a composite plate door skin, the square wood and the composite plate door skin need to be cut by a manual table saw, the efficiency of the existing mode is low, a large amount of manual work is needed for production in a matched mode, and the problem is effectively solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a using method of a full-automatic plate cutting device to overcome the defects of the prior art.
1. In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device is characterized by comprising the following steps of: utilize full-automatic panel cutting device to cut panel, full-automatic panel cutting device includes major control system, loading attachment, crosscut device, waste material device, conveyer, rip cutting device and finished product panel conveyer, and the major control system is connected and controls the operation of each device with loading attachment, crosscut device, conveyer, waste material device, rip cutting device and finished product panel conveyer respectively, specifically includes following step:
step 1: pre-treating by a full-automatic plate cutting device;
step 1.1: the PC issues processing data to a master control system;
step 1.2: sequentially starting the devices and confirming that the devices operate normally;
step 2: feeding by a feeding device;
and 3, step 3: the transverse cutting device transversely cuts the plate;
and 4, step 4: the conveying device conveys the transversely cut plate to the longitudinal cutting device;
and 5: the longitudinal cutting device longitudinally cuts the plate;
step 6: and the finished plate conveying device conveys the finished plates.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; the feeding device comprises a feeding frame, a feeding transverse moving mechanism, a feeding lifting mechanism, a feeding clamping mechanism and an alarm device, the transverse cutting device comprises a conveying mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism before transverse cutting, the conveying mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a conveying assembly before transverse cutting, a pushing assembly before transverse cutting and a positioning backer assembly before transverse cutting, the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting pressing assembly, a transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, a transverse cutting lifting assembly and a transverse cutting assembly, the conveying device comprises a conveying frame, a material dropping prevention mechanism, a material positioning backer mechanism and a conveying mechanism after transverse cutting, the longitudinal cutting device comprises a conveying mechanism and a longitudinal cutting mechanism before longitudinal cutting, the conveying mechanism before longitudinal cutting comprises a frame before longitudinal cutting, a conveying assembly before longitudinal cutting, a lateral pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting and a pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting, and the longitudinal cutting mechanism comprises a longitudinal cutting frame, a longitudinal cutting pressing assembly, a longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly, a longitudinal cutting lifting assembly, a longitudinal cutting assembly and a lateral aligning assembly.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; the step 2 is that the feeding step of the feeding device comprises the following steps of step 2.1: confirming whether the material taking area has materials or not, if so, executing the step 2.2, otherwise, preparing materials in the material taking area, and executing the step 2.1 after preparing the materials;
step 2.2: confirming whether the feeding device drops materials or not, if not, executing the step 2.3, if so, returning the feeding transverse moving mechanism and the feeding lifting mechanism of the feeding device to the initial positions, alarming by an alarming device of the feeding device, and executing the step 2.1 after manual processing;
step 2.3: the feeding device moves the plate to a to-be-discharged area of the transverse cutting device, and waits for receiving a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system;
step 2.4: the feeding device receives a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system, descends the plate to a discharging position, and places the plate on the transverse cutting device to complete the feeding process of the plate.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; the step of transversely cutting the plate by the transverse cutting device in the step 3 is as follows:
step 3.1: positioning the plate by a positioning backer component before crosscutting;
a transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder of the transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly is started to eject a transverse cutting front positioning backer fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder, a transverse cutting front conveying motor of the transverse cutting front conveying assembly starts to convey the plate, and after a positioning backer material in-place sensor of the transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly detects and senses the plate, the transverse cutting front conveying motor stops to position the plate;
step 3.2: the material positioning backer mechanism positions the plate according to the plate processing size;
step 3.3: pushing the material of the plate;
step 3.4: a front transverse cutting pressing member and a rear transverse cutting pressing member of the transverse cutting pressing assembly are started to fix the front and rear areas of the plate material to be cut;
step 3.5: starting the transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, the transverse cutting lifting assembly and the transverse cutting assembly, and cutting the plate by the transverse cutting blade;
step 3.6: calculating the size of the excess material of the plate;
step 3.7: judging whether the next machining size is larger than the size of the excess material of the plate, if not, executing a step 3.8, if so, executing a step 3.9,
step 3.8: transversely cutting and processing excess plate materials;
step 3.9: the main control system judges the size of the plate excess material, and if the size of the plate excess material is larger than 5cm, the step 3.9.1 is executed; and if the size of the plate residual material is less than 5cm, executing the step 3.9.2.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; the step 3.3 of pushing the plate material comprises the following steps:
step 3.3.1: setting basic data;
setting the initial width of the plate to be W, and setting the distance between the original point of a front material pushing cylinder of a front material pushing component of the transverse cutting front material pushing assembly and a transverse cutting blade to be SfThe length compensation of the front pushing component is BfThe distance between the original point of a rear material pushing cylinder of a rear material pushing component of the transverse cutting front material pushing assembly and the transverse cutting blade is SrThe distance between the positioning backer component and the transverse cutting sheet before transverse cutting is SzThe length compensation of the positioning backer component before transverse cutting is BzCompensation of transverse cutting of DbThe distance between the rear end of the front plate and the transverse cutting blade is set as SaThe size of the excess material of the plate is set as Yh0
An initial feeding stage: sa=W+Db+Sz+Bz、Yh0=W;
Step 3.3.2: the anti-drop mechanism 45 of the transport device is started;
step 3.3.3: the main control system selects a rear pushing component or a front pushing component to push materials according to the basic data;
when S isf+Bf<Sa<SrThe master control system controls the backward pushingPushing by the material component, and executing the step 3.3.3.1;
when S isa<SfThe main control system controls the front pushing component to push materials, and the step 3.3.3.2 is executed;
step 3.3.4: the main control system controls and starts the front transverse cutting conveying assembly and the rear transverse cutting conveying mechanism 42, so that the plate is aligned with the material positioning backer mechanism.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; step 3.3.3.1 is that the rear pushing component pushes materials:
the main control system controls the rear pushing component to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism to be positioned, when a material positioning backer sensor of the material positioning backer mechanism senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the rear pushing component returns to the original point;
the step 3.3.3.2 is that a front pushing component pushes materials;
the main control system controls the front pushing component to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism to be positioned, when the material positioning backer mechanism senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the front pushing component returns to the original point. Further, the method comprises the following steps of; setting the distance between the origin of a material positioning backer cylinder of the material positioning backer mechanism and a transverse cutting sheet of a transverse cutting assembly to be HO when the material positioning backer mechanism is positioned at the initial positionrTarget cross cutting machining size is set to ThnThe material positioning backer servo motor controls the material positioning backer rack, and the actual walking distance of the material positioning backer pressing plate 434 is equal to MhnN is the number of times of transverse cutting, n is not less than 1h1Means first machining dimension, Th2Indicates the second machining dimensionhnThe nth machining dimension is designated, the numerical value of each machining dimension is set according to requirements, Mh1Means that the actual walking distance, M, of the material positioning backer frame is controlled by a material positioning backer servo motor during the first processingh2M. M refers to the actual walking distance of the material positioning backer rack controlled by the material positioning backer servo motor during the second processinghnThe actual walking distance of the material positioning backer rack is controlled by a material positioning backer servo motor during the nth processing, and a formula is obtained:
Mhn=HOr-Thn
positioning backer servo motor control material positioning backer pressing plate moving MhnAnd the material positioning backer air cylinder controls the material positioning backer pressing plate to descend.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; setting the size of the cut excess material of the plate as YhmM denotes the number of times of cutting, m is not less than 1h1Refers to the size, Y, of the plate excess material after one-time cuttingh2Y is the size of the plate remainder subjected to secondary cuttinghmThe size of the plate residual material after m times of cutting is indicated, the numerical values of n and m are consistent, and the main control system is used for controlling the cutting speed according to Th1Performing primary processing to obtain the size Y of the plate residual material which is cut at one timeh1According to ThnProcessing for the nth time to obtain the size Y of the plate residual material cut for m timeshm, Yhm=Yh0-(Th1+Th2+...+Thn)-(Db×n)。
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; step 3.9 comprises the steps of:
step 3.9.1: main control system controls feeding device to feed material, and excess material size Y'hm=Yhm+ W ', W' means the next time
Step 2 is executed according to the initial width of the fed plate;
step 3.9.2: resetting the anti-dropping mechanism, starting the waste material device, pushing the residual material to a waste material discharge area by the front material pushing component, dropping the waste material to the waste material device, discharging the waste material, controlling the feeding device by the main control system, and executing the step 2.
Further, the method comprises the following steps of; the step of longitudinally cutting the plate by the longitudinal cutting device in the step 5 is as follows:
step 5.1: the front longitudinal cutting conveying component of the front longitudinal cutting conveying component conveys the plate to the longitudinal cutting discharging area, the front longitudinal cutting conveying component stops conveying after the material sensor of the longitudinal cutting platform senses the material, and the front longitudinal cutting lifting component of the front longitudinal cutting conveying component controls the front longitudinal cutting conveying component to descend so as to place the plate on the longitudinal cutting platform of the front longitudinal cutting frame;
step 5.2: the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly pushes the plate to enable the side edges of the plate to be aligned;
step 5.3: the pushing assembly is started to push the plate to a longitudinal cutting position before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.4: the slitting mechanism is used for slitting the plate;
step 5.5: when the next machining size is larger than the size of the plate residual material, the size of the plate residual material is equal to the cutting allowance, and the material pushing assembly pushes the cutting residual material to the finished plate conveying device before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.6: the main control system controls the conveying device to convey the transversely cut plates to the pre-longitudinal cutting conveying mechanism to complete feeding operation,
step 5.1 is performed.
In conclusion, the invention has the advantages that:
the invention designs the main control system, the feeding device, the transverse cutting device, the conveying device, the longitudinal cutting device and the finished product plate conveying device to realize the automatic cooperative coordination of plate feeding, transverse cutting, conveying, longitudinal cutting and finished product conveying, thereby realizing greater automation, reducing the labor cost and greatly improving the production efficiency.
The invention takes the residual material not less than the set value and the plate material loaded next time as a whole for subsequent material pushing and cutting operations, and pushes the residual material less than the set value to the waste discharge area, thereby improving the utilization rate of the residual material and reducing the cost and the loss while ensuring the quality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a feeding device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an internal schematic view of the feeding traversing mechanism and the feeding lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a crosscutting apparatus according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view in the y-direction of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the orientation of fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of a transport device of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a side view of the shipping package of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of a slitting apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic diagram of connection between the main control system and other devices according to the present invention.
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of an automatic cutting process according to the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic cross-cutting flow chart of the cross-cutting device of the invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic diagram of a longitudinal cutting process of the longitudinal cutting device of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following embodiments of the present invention are provided by way of specific examples, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the disclosure herein. The invention is capable of other and different embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways, and its several details are capable of modification in various respects, all without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. It is to be noted that the features in the following embodiments and examples may be combined with each other without conflict.
It should be noted that the drawings provided in the following embodiments are only for illustrating the basic idea of the present invention, and the components related to the present invention are only shown in the drawings rather than drawn according to the number, shape and size of the components in actual implementation, and the type, quantity and proportion of the components in actual implementation may be changed freely, and the layout of the components may be more complicated.
In the embodiment of the present invention, all directional indicators (such as up, down, left, right, front, rear, lateral, longitudinal \8230;) are used only to explain the relative positional relationship between the respective members, the movement, and the like in a specific posture, and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indicators are changed accordingly.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1-10, a full-automatic plate cutting device includes a main control system, a feeding device 1, a transverse cutting device 2, a transporting device 4, a longitudinal cutting device 5, and a finished plate transporting device 6, wherein the main control system is respectively connected to the feeding device 1, the transverse cutting device 2, the transporting device 4, the longitudinal cutting device 5, and the finished plate transporting device 6, and controls the operation of each device, the feeding device 1 moves a plate to be processed to the transverse cutting device 2 for transverse cutting, the transporting device 4 is located between the transverse cutting device 2 and the longitudinal cutting device 5, and transports the plate cut by the transverse cutting device 2 to the longitudinal cutting device 5 for longitudinal cutting, and the finished plate transporting device 6 transports the finished plate cut by the longitudinal cutting device 5.
The invention also provides a feeding device for a full-automatic plate cutting device, the feeding device 1 comprises a feeding frame 11, a feeding transverse moving mechanism 12, a feeding lifting mechanism 13 and a feeding clamping mechanism 14, the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 is arranged on the feeding frame 11 and moves transversely relative to the feeding frame 11, concretely, the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 comprises a feeding transverse moving slide rail 122 and a feeding transverse moving rack 121, the feeding transverse moving slide rail 122 and the feeding transverse moving rack 121 are fixedly arranged on a cross beam of the feeding frame 11, the feeding transverse moving slide rails 122 are provided with two groups, the two groups of feeding transverse moving slide rails 122 are vertically and symmetrically distributed along the length direction of the feeding frame 11, the feeding transverse rack 121 and the feeding transverse slide rail 122 are arranged in parallel and located between the two groups of feeding transverse slide rails 122, a feeding transverse slide plate 120 is arranged on the feeding transverse slide rail 122 in a sliding mode, a feeding transverse servo motor 123 is fixedly arranged on the feeding transverse slide plate 120, the feeding transverse servo motor 123 is connected with a master control system, the master control system controls the feeding transverse servo motor 123, a transverse gear (not shown) is fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the feeding transverse servo motor 123, the transverse gear is meshed with the feeding transverse slide rack 121 and connected with the feeding transverse slide rail 121, the feeding transverse servo motor 123 is started to drive the feeding transverse slide plate 120 to transversely move along a cross beam of the feeding frame 11 through the feeding transverse slide rail 122, and plates to be processed are moved to the transverse cutting device 2 from a material taking area.
The feeding lifting mechanism 13 comprises a feeding lifting column 131, the feeding lifting column 131 is perpendicular or approximately perpendicular to a cross beam of the feeding frame 11, the feeding lifting column 131 is slidably connected with the feeding traverse plate 120, a feeding lifting rack 132 is fixedly arranged on the feeding lifting column 131, a feeding lifting servo motor 134 is fixedly arranged on the feeding traverse plate 120, the feeding lifting servo motor 134 is connected with a master control system, the master control system controls the feeding lifting servo motor 134, a feeding lifting gear (not shown) is fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the feeding lifting servo motor 134, the feeding lifting gear is meshed with the feeding lifting rack 132, the feeding lifting servo motor 134 starts to drive the feeding lifting column 131 to slide downwards to move the feeding clamping mechanism 14 to a position where a to-be-processed plate is located, so that the subsequent feeding clamping mechanism 14 can clamp the to-be-processed plate, the feeding lifting mechanism 13 further comprises a feeding position switch (not shown), the feeding position switch is connected with the master control system, the master control system is in communication connection with a PC and can be operated on an interface, the feeding position switch is used for controlling the distance between the to-be-processed plate and the feeding lifting mechanism 13, and the distance between the feeding clamping mechanism 14 and the to-be processed plate, and the clamping mechanism 14, so that the accuracy of the to-be-processed plate is convenient.
The feeding clamping mechanism 14 is fixedly arranged on the feeding lifting mechanism 13, the feeding clamping mechanism 14 comprises a feeding clamping connecting rod 141, two ends of the feeding clamping connecting rod 141 are fixedly provided with a feeding clamping fixing plate 142, two ends of the feeding clamping fixing plate 142 are fixedly provided with a feeding clamping cylinder 143, the feeding clamping cylinder 143 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the feeding clamping cylinder 143, the feeding clamping cylinder 143 is further fixedly provided with a feeding sensor (not shown), the feeding sensor is used for detecting whether the feeding clamping mechanism 14 does not have a material, the feeding sensor is connected with the main control system, the main control system controls the movement of the feeding device 1 according to the feedback of the feeding sensor, if the material is dropped or the material is not successfully clamped, the feeding sensor controls the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 and the feeding lifting mechanism 13 to automatically return to the initial position, an output shaft of the feeding clamping cylinder 143 is fixedly provided with a feeding clamping plate 144, and the feeding clamping mechanism 14 clamps the plate to be processed as shown in fig. 2.
The feeding device 1 further comprises an alarm device 15, the alarm device 15 is fixedly arranged on the cross beam of the feeding frame 11 in the embodiment, the alarm device 15 is connected with a main control system, and if the material falls or the material is not successfully clamped, the main control system controls the alarm device 15 to alarm for manual processing.
In this embodiment, the implementation process of the feeding device 1 is as follows, a plate to be processed is placed in a material taking area, the feeding traversing mechanism 12 and the feeding lifting mechanism 13 are located at initial positions, and the main control system controls the feeding traversing mechanism 12 to move to the material taking area; after the plate reaches the position, the main control system controls the feeding lifting mechanism 13 to descend, when the feeding lifting mechanism 13 triggers a feeding position switch, the feeding clamping cylinder 143 is started, the feeding clamping plate 144 clamps the plate to be processed, the feeding lifting mechanism 13 lifts the plate to be processed to a movable area through the feeding clamping mechanism 14, the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 is started to move the plate to be processed to a feeding area of the transverse cutting device 2, and the feeding lifting mechanism 13 descends the plate to be processed to a plate placing area of the transverse cutting device 2; after the feeding device 1 receives a feeding instruction allowed by the transverse cutting device 2, the feeding lifting mechanism 13 continuously lowers the plate to be processed to a discharging position, the feeding clamping cylinder 143 is released, the plate to be processed is placed on the transverse cutting device 2, and the main control system controls the feeding lifting mechanism 13 and the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 to sequentially return to the initial positions to complete a feeding process of an unprocessed plate; after the blowing is accomplished, loading attachment 1 receives the major control system and judges whether continue the material loading, if continue the material loading, then repeat above-mentioned action, move unprocessed panel from getting the material district to waiting to put the material district, wait to receive the major control system and allow the material loading instruction, if during take place to fall the material or the material is not pressed from both sides tightly successfully, the material loading sensor judges not to have the material, major control system control material loading sideslip mechanism 12 and material loading elevating system 13 are automatic to return to initial position, and report to the police through alarm device 15, wait for manual processing, after manual processing accomplishes, click and continue the material loading instruction, loading attachment 1 then continues the material loading step, thereby ensure equipment safety and stability production.
The invention also provides a transverse cutting device for the full-automatic plate cutting device, wherein the transverse cutting device 2 comprises a conveying mechanism before transverse cutting and a transverse cutting mechanism, the conveying mechanism before transverse cutting is in butt joint with the feeding device 1, the feeding device 1 moves an unprocessed plate from a material taking area to the conveying mechanism before transverse cutting for conveying, the conveying mechanism before transverse cutting comprises a transverse cutting frame 200, a conveying assembly before transverse cutting, a pushing assembly before transverse cutting and a positioning backer assembly before transverse cutting, the conveying assembly before transverse cutting, the pushing assembly before transverse cutting and the positioning backer assembly before transverse cutting are respectively and fixedly arranged on the transverse cutting frame 200, the conveying assembly before transverse cutting conveys the unprocessed plate to the positioning backer assembly before transverse cutting to ensure that the unprocessed plate is aligned and prevent the unprocessed plate from slipping during conveying, and the pushing assembly before transverse cutting pushes the unprocessed plate after positioning to the transverse cutting position to transversely cut through the transverse cutting mechanism, so that the transverse cutting of the plate is realized.
The front transverse cutting conveying assembly comprises two groups of front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211, the two groups of front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211 are respectively and rotatably arranged at two ends of a transverse cutting frame 200, a plurality of front transverse cutting conveying wheels 212 are fixedly arranged on the front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211, the corresponding front transverse cutting conveying wheels 212 on the two groups of front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211 are connected through conveyor belt power, a front transverse cutting transmission wheel 213 is fixedly arranged on any one group of front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211, a front transverse cutting transmission motor 215 is fixedly arranged on the transverse cutting frame 200, the front transverse cutting transmission motor 215 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the front transverse cutting transmission motor 215, an output shaft of the front transverse cutting transmission motor 215 is fixedly provided with the front transverse cutting transmission wheel 215, the front transverse cutting transmission wheel 213 is connected with the front transverse cutting transmission wheel 215 through conveyor belt power, power transmission of the front transverse cutting transmission motor 215 is achieved, the front transverse cutting transmission motor 215 is started to control the two groups of front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211 to rotate, conveyor belt transmission between the two groups of the front transverse cutting transmission shafts 211 is achieved, a feeding device 1 places unprocessed plates on the conveyor belt from a material taking area, and the unprocessed plates are driven by the conveyor belt to move from an input end of the front transverse cutting conveying assembly to an output end of the front transverse cutting conveying assembly.
The front transverse cutting positioning backer components are arranged in a plurality and fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting frame 200, each front transverse cutting positioning backer component comprises a front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinder 241, the front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinders 241 are connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinders 241, the front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinders 241 are fixedly arranged on the transverse cutting frame 200, the output ends of the front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinders 241 are fixedly provided with front transverse cutting positioning backer 242, the front transverse cutting positioning backer cylinders 241 are started to eject the front transverse cutting positioning backer 242, the front transverse cutting positioning backer 242 is abutted against an unprocessed plate to be positioned, each front transverse cutting positioning backer component further comprises a positioning backer in-place sensor (not shown), the positioning backer in-place sensor is connected with the main control system, the positioning backer in-place sensor is used for detecting whether the plate is conveyed in place by the front transverse cutting conveying motor 215, and after the front positioning backer is sensed by the positioning backer in-place sensor, the front conveying motor 215 stops and returns to the original point position.
The transverse cutting front pushing assembly is provided with a plurality of transverse cutting front pushing assemblies and fixedly arranged on the transverse cutting frame 200, the plurality of transverse cutting front pushing assemblies are driven by a transverse cutting front pushing servo (not shown) to control the plurality of transverse cutting front pushing assemblies to move synchronously, each transverse cutting front pushing assembly comprises a transverse cutting front pushing fixing rod 230, each transverse cutting front pushing fixing rod 230 is provided with a front pushing member 232 and a rear pushing member 231, each front pushing member 232 and each rear pushing member 231 are connected with the corresponding transverse cutting front pushing fixing rod 230 in a sliding mode, the structures and functions of the front pushing members 232 and the rear pushing members 231 are similar, the rear pushing members 231 are described in the embodiment by taking the rear pushing members 231 as an example, each rear pushing member 231 comprises a rear pushing cylinder 233, an output shaft of each rear pushing cylinder 233 is fixedly provided with a rear pushing plate 234, each rear pushing plate 233 is jacked by the rear pushing plate 234, each transverse cutting front pushing servo motor drives each transverse cutting front pushing assembly to push plates 234 or each front pushing plate, each transverse cutting front pushing assembly is further provided with a transverse cutting front pushing chain 235, when each front pushing assembly moves, on one hand, the other, the transverse cutting front pushing assemblies are limited by the transverse cutting dragging chains 235 when moving, on the one hand, the other, the one hand, the transverse cutting front pushing assemblies are controlled in the transverse cutting front pushing stroke is controlled, and the other, and the stability of the transverse cutting front pushing assemblies can be guaranteed.
The transverse cutting device 2 further comprises a transverse cutting tensioning mechanism, the transverse cutting tensioning mechanism is used for controlling the tensioning degree of a conveyor belt of the conveying assembly before transverse cutting, the transverse cutting tensioning mechanism comprises a transverse cutting tensioning plate 224, the transverse cutting tensioning plate 224 is of an L-shaped structure, the transverse cutting tensioning plate 224 comprises a first molding plate (not shown) and a second molding plate (not shown), the first molding plate is fixedly connected with the transverse cutting frame 200, a transverse cutting tensioning sliding groove 222 is fixedly formed in the first molding plate, a transverse cutting tensioning block 223 is arranged in the transverse cutting tensioning sliding groove 222 in a sliding mode, the transverse cutting tensioning block 223 is rotatably connected with a group of transverse cutting front transmission shafts 211, a transverse cutting tensioning rod 221 is fixedly arranged on the second molding plate through nuts, the transverse cutting tensioning rod 221 is fixedly connected with the transverse cutting block 223, and the position of the transverse cutting tensioning block 223 in the transverse cutting tensioning sliding groove 222 is controlled through adjusting nuts, so that the tensioning degree of the conveyor belt of the conveying assembly before transverse cutting is adjusted.
The transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame 201, a transverse cutting pressing assembly, a transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, a transverse cutting lifting assembly and a transverse cutting assembly, wherein the transverse cutting assembly is installed on the transverse cutting lifting assembly, the transverse cutting pressing assembly presses the plate, and the transverse cutting transverse moving assembly and the transverse cutting lifting assembly control the transverse cutting assembly to move so as to facilitate cutting.
The transversely-cutting transversely-moving assembly is fixedly arranged on the transversely-cutting frame 201 through the transversely-cutting transversely-moving frame 202, the transversely-cutting transversely-moving frame 202 is fixedly arranged on the transversely-cutting frame 201, the transversely-cutting transversely-moving assembly comprises a transversely-cutting material servo motor 261 and a transversely-cutting material conveying mechanism 262, the transversely-cutting material servo motor 261 is connected with a master control system, the master control system controls the transversely-cutting material servo motor 261, the transversely-cutting material servo motor 261 is fixedly arranged on the transversely-cutting transversely-moving frame 202, the transversely-cutting material conveying mechanism 262 comprises a transversely-cutting material conveying belt 263, the transversely-cutting material servo motor 261 drives the transversely-cutting material conveying mechanism 262 to convey, the transversely-cutting lifting assembly is fixedly connected with the transversely-cutting material conveying belt 263, in order to guarantee stability in the transversely-cutting lifting assembly transverse moving process, the transversely-cutting lifting assembly is slidably connected with the transversely-cutting transversely-moving frame 202 through a transversely-cutting transversely-moving slide rail 264, and the transversely-cutting material servo motor 261 drives the transversely-cutting lifting assembly to transversely-move the transversely-cutting assembly.
The transverse cutting lifting assembly comprises a first transverse cutting lifting plate 255, a second transverse cutting lifting plate 251 and a transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254, the first transverse cutting lifting plate 255 is fixedly connected with a transverse cutting material conveying belt 263, the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254, the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254 is fixedly arranged on the first transverse cutting lifting plate 255, the second transverse cutting lifting plate 251 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254, a guide rod is arranged between the second transverse cutting lifting plate 251 and the first transverse cutting lifting plate 255, the second transverse cutting lifting plate 251 is connected with the guide rod in a sliding mode, the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254 controls the second transverse cutting lifting plate 255 to move up and down, the transverse cutting assembly 251 is fixedly arranged on the second transverse cutting lifting plate 251, the transverse cutting assembly comprises a transverse cutting baffle 254, a transverse cutting saw motor 252 and a transverse cutting blade 253, the transverse cutting motor 252 is connected with the main control system, the transverse cutting saw motor 252 is fixedly connected with the second transverse cutting lifting plate 251, an output shaft of the transverse cutting motor 252 is fixedly connected with the transverse cutting blade 253, the transverse cutting motor 254 is fixedly connected with the transverse cutting blade 253, and the transverse cutting motor is used for driving the transverse cutting blade 253 to realize the transverse cutting, and the transverse cutting blade 253 is positioned in a transverse cutting mark, and the transverse cutting mark 253 in a transverse cutting mark is positioned in a transverse cutting mode, and the transverse cutting mark 253 when the transverse cutting mark is positioned in a transverse cutting mark 253, and the transverse cutting mark 253.
The transverse cutting pressing assembly comprises a transverse cutting front pressing member and a transverse cutting rear pressing member, the transverse cutting front pressing member and the transverse cutting rear pressing member are located on two sides of the transverse cutting assembly and used for pressing plates in the front and rear directions of plate cutting, the transverse cutting front pressing member is provided with a plurality of parts and located between the transverse cutting assembly and a transverse cutting front conveying mechanism, the transverse cutting front pressing members are fixed on a transverse cutting frame 201 through a transverse cutting front pressing fixing rod 241, the transverse cutting front pressing members are transversely arranged and distributed, the transverse cutting front pressing member comprises a transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242 and a transverse cutting front pressing plate 243, the transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242, the transverse cutting front pressing plate 243 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242, and the transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242 controls the transverse cutting front pressing plate 243 to lift up and down to release and press the plates, the transverse cutting rear pressing members are arranged between the transverse cutting assembly and the conveying device 4, the transverse cutting rear pressing members are fixed on the transverse cutting transverse moving frame 202 through transverse cutting rear pressing fixing rods 244, the transverse cutting rear pressing members are transversely arranged and distributed, each transverse cutting rear pressing member comprises a transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245 and a transverse cutting rear pressing plate 246, each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245, each transverse cutting rear pressing plate 246 is fixedly arranged at the output end of each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245, each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245 controls each transverse cutting rear pressing plate 246 to ascend and descend to achieve loosening and pressing of a plate, each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245 and each transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242 are connected with the main control system, and the main control system controls each transverse cutting rear pressing cylinder 245 and each transverse cutting front pressing cylinder 242.
In this embodiment, the transverse cutting device 2 is implemented as follows, after the feeding of the feeding device 1 is completed, the transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder 241 is started to eject the transverse cutting front positioning backer 242, the transverse cutting front conveying motor 215 is started to convey the plate to the transverse cutting front positioning backer 242, after the positioning backer material in-place sensor senses the material, the transverse cutting front conveying motor 215 is stopped, according to the set plate processing size, the rear pushing member 231 of the transverse cutting front pushing assembly is started to push the plate to the transverse cutting position, the transverse cutting pressing assembly is started to fix the front and rear areas of the plate cutting, deviation during cutting is prevented from affecting the processing precision, the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254 is started to control the transverse cutting assembly to descend after the pressing is completed, the transverse cutting saw motor 252 and the transverse cutting servo motor 261 start the horizontal cutting process, after the cutting is completed, the transverse cutting lifting cylinder 254 controls the transverse cutting assembly to ascend, the transverse cutting saw motor 252 to stop, the transverse cutting servo motor 261 controls the assembly to return to the initial position, after the transverse cutting is completed, the transverse cutting assembly is pressed to press the transverse cutting assembly, the front pushing member 232 or the rear pushing member to push the transverse cutting assembly 231, on the other hand, the plate is transported to the residual plate to be transported to the longitudinal cutting device 4, and the transport device.
The full-automatic plate cutting device also comprises a waste device 3, wherein the waste device 3 is positioned between the transverse cutting device 2 and the conveying device 4, and the waste device 3 outputs waste materials generated by cutting of the transverse cutting device 2.
The invention also provides a conveying device for the full-automatic plate cutting device, wherein the conveying device 4 comprises a conveying frame 41, a material dropping prevention mechanism 45, a material positioning backer mechanism 43 and a transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 is arranged on the conveying frame 41, the structure of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 is similar to that of a transverse cutting front conveying assembly, and the size of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 is different, the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 comprises a transverse cutting rear conveying motor 422, the transverse cutting rear conveying motor 422 is used as conveying power of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 further comprises a transverse cutting rear conveying tensioning mechanism which is used for adjusting the tensioning degree of a conveying belt in the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, and the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 is in butt joint with the output end of the transverse cutting front conveying assembly.
In this embodiment, a fixed platform 40 is disposed below the transportation frame 41, the material positioning backer mechanism 43 is mounted on the fixed platform 40, specifically, the material positioning backer mechanism 43 includes a material positioning backer frame 432, the material positioning backer frame 432 is slidably disposed on the fixed platform 40, the fixed platform 40 is fixedly provided with a material positioning backer servo motor 431, the material positioning backer servo motor 431 drives the material positioning backer frame 432 to slide along a conveying direction of the transverse rear conveying mechanism 42, a plurality of material positioning backer cylinders 433 which are transversely arranged are fixedly disposed on a cross beam of the material positioning backer frame 432, the material positioning backer cylinders 433 are connected to a main control system, the main control system controls the material positioning backer cylinders 433, output ends of the plurality of material positioning backer cylinders 433 are fixedly connected to a group of material positioning backer pressing plates 434, the material positioning backer mechanism 43 is further provided with a material positioning backer sensor 435, and the material positioning backer sensor 435 is used for detecting whether a material exists, so as to determine whether the plate is conveyed in place.
The material dropping prevention mechanisms 45 are arranged in a plurality of manners, the material dropping prevention mechanisms 45 are transversely arranged and fixedly arranged on the fixed platform 40, the material dropping prevention mechanisms 45 are located at the input end of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, each material dropping prevention mechanism 45 comprises a material dropping prevention cylinder 451, each material dropping prevention cylinder 451 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls each material dropping prevention cylinder 451, each material dropping prevention cylinder 451 is fixedly arranged on the fixed platform 40, a material dropping prevention baffle 452 is fixedly arranged at the output end of each material dropping prevention cylinder 451, each material dropping prevention baffle 452 extends towards the outside of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 and is opposite to the output end of the transverse cutting front conveying assembly, each material dropping prevention baffle 452 is located on the same plane or similar to the same plane as the conveying belt of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, when the material dropping prevention mechanisms 45 are in an initial state, each material dropping prevention baffle 452 is close to the material dropping prevention cylinder 451, when the material dropping prevention mechanisms 45 are in a material dropping prevention state, each material dropping prevention baffle 452 is far away from the material dropping prevention cylinders and extends towards the outside of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, and the distance between the output end of the transverse cutting front conveying assembly and the input end of the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 is reduced through the material dropping prevention baffles 452.
In this embodiment, the implementation process of the transportation device 4 is as follows, the transportation device 4 cooperates with the transverse cutting device 2 to achieve transverse cutting and transportation operations, a conveying motor 215 before transverse cutting in the transverse cutting device 2 is started, a plate is conveyed to a positioning backer 242 before transverse cutting to be positioned, the material dropping prevention mechanism 45 is started, according to a set plate processing size, a material positioning backer servo motor 431 drives a material positioning backer rack 432 to move to a corresponding position, a material positioning backer cylinder 433 is started to control a material positioning backer pressing plate 434 to descend, a rear material pushing member 231 of a transverse cutting front material pushing assembly is started to push the plate to a positioning position abutting against the material positioning backer pressing plate 434, a conveying motor 215 before transverse cutting and a conveying motor 422 after transverse cutting are started to ensure that the plate is aligned with the material positioning backer pressing plate 434 as much as possible, transverse cutting operation is performed after the plate is aligned, after transverse cutting, a main control system controls the front material pushing member 232 or a rear material pushing member 231 to push excess material to the transportation device 4, the conveying motor 422 after transverse cutting is started to convey the plate to a longitudinal cutting device 5 to perform longitudinal cutting operation, according to set plate processing size, whether the material positioning motor 422 moves to the feeding servo motor to the material positioning rack, and the feeding servo motor starts to calculate the material positioning motor size, if needed; if the feeding is not needed, the main control system is calculated and judged to control the front pushing member 232 or the rear pushing member 231 according to the size of the excess material and the equipment parameters, the pushing action is executed, and the transverse material cutting process is completed. If the excess material is smaller than the next set plate processing size but not smaller than the set value, the set value is set to 5cm in this embodiment, the feeding process of the feeding device 1 is executed, the excess material size and the next fed plate size are combined to be set to be an integral size, and the integral size is judged with the next set plate processing size, the main control system controls the front pushing member 232 or the rear pushing member 231 to execute the pushing action and complete the transverse cutting process, if the excess material is smaller than the set value, the set value is set to 5cm in this embodiment, the material dropping prevention mechanism 45 returns to the initial position, the waste device 3 is started, the front pushing member 232 pushes the excess material to the waste discharge area, the waste material drops to the waste device 3 and is discharged.
The invention also provides a slitting device for the full-automatic plate cutting device, wherein the slitting device 5 comprises a pre-slitting conveying mechanism and a slitting mechanism, the pre-slitting conveying mechanism is in butt joint with the conveying device 4, the conveying device 4 conveys the transversely cut plates to the pre-slitting conveying mechanism, the pre-slitting conveying mechanism comprises a pre-slitting frame 501, a pre-slitting conveying assembly, a pre-slitting side pushing assembly and a pre-slitting pushing assembly, the pre-slitting conveying assembly preliminarily moves the transversely cut plates, the pre-slitting side pushing assembly pushes the plates to a slitting pushing area, and the pre-slitting pushing assembly pushes the plates to the slitting mechanism for slitting operation.
The front longitudinal cutting conveying assembly comprises a front longitudinal cutting conveying component and a front longitudinal cutting lifting component, the front longitudinal cutting conveying component is similar to the rear longitudinal cutting conveying mechanism 42 in structure and transmission principle, details are omitted, the front longitudinal cutting conveying component comprises a front longitudinal cutting conveying servo motor 531 and a front longitudinal cutting conveying belt, the front longitudinal cutting conveying servo motor 531 is connected with a main control system, the main control system controls the front longitudinal cutting conveying servo motor 531, the front longitudinal cutting conveying servo motor 531 drives a plate to move by controlling transmission of the front longitudinal cutting conveying belt, the front longitudinal cutting lifting component comprises a first longitudinal cutting lifting plate 533, a second longitudinal cutting lifting plate 535 and a front longitudinal cutting lifting cylinder 534, the front longitudinal cutting lifting cylinder 534 is connected with the main control system, the main control system controls the front longitudinal cutting lifting cylinder 534, the front longitudinal cutting conveying component is fixedly arranged on the first longitudinal cutting lifting plate 533, the first longitudinal cutting lifting plate 533 is fixedly arranged at the output end of the front longitudinal cutting lifting cylinder 534, the front longitudinal cutting lifting cylinder 534 is fixedly arranged on the second longitudinal cutting lifting plate 535, the second longitudinal cutting lifting plate 535 is fixedly arranged between the second longitudinal cutting lifting plate 535, and the longitudinal cutting lifting guide rod 535 are connected with the longitudinal cutting lifting guide rod 501, and the longitudinal cutting lifting guide rod.
The upper end face of the longitudinal cutting front frame 501 is provided with a plurality of longitudinal cutting platforms (not shown), the plurality of longitudinal cutting platforms are distributed along the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the longitudinal cutting front conveying component, a lifting cavity (not shown) is fixedly arranged between every two adjacent longitudinal cutting platforms, a longitudinal cutting front conveying belt of the longitudinal cutting front conveying component is located in the lifting cavity, when the longitudinal cutting front conveying component is in an initial state, the longitudinal cutting front conveying component is located below the longitudinal cutting platforms, when the longitudinal cutting front conveying component conveys the plate, the longitudinal cutting front conveying component starts to control the lifting of the longitudinal cutting front lifting component to enable the longitudinal cutting front conveying belt to be higher than the longitudinal cutting platforms, at the moment, the conveying device 4 conveys the transverse cutting plate to the longitudinal cutting front conveying belt of the longitudinal cutting front conveying component, after the conveying is completed, the longitudinal cutting front conveying component starts to control the lifting component to descend before the longitudinal cutting, and the plate is placed on the longitudinal cutting platforms to perform the next working procedure.
The pre-slitting conveying assembly further comprises a slitting platform material sensor (not marked in the figure), the slitting platform material sensor is connected with the main control system, the slitting platform material sensor is used for detecting whether the plate is conveyed in place by the pre-slitting conveying servo motor 531, and after the slitting platform material sensor senses the material, the pre-slitting conveying servo motor 531 stops and returns to the original point position.
The plurality of longitudinal cutting front side pushing assemblies are fixedly arranged on the longitudinal cutting front frame 501, the plurality of longitudinal cutting front side pushing assemblies are driven by a longitudinal cutting front pushing power assembly (not shown) to control the plurality of longitudinal cutting front side pushing assemblies to move synchronously, the plurality of longitudinal cutting front side pushing assemblies are respectively positioned in the lifting cavity, the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assemblies are similar to the front pushing member 232 or the rear pushing member 231 in structure, each longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly comprises a longitudinal cutting front side pushing cylinder 542 and a longitudinal cutting front side pushing plate 541, each longitudinal cutting front side pushing plate 541 is fixedly arranged at the output end of each longitudinal cutting front side pushing cylinder 542, each longitudinal cutting front side pushing cylinder 542 lifts up each longitudinal cutting front side pushing plate 541, each longitudinal cutting front side pushing power assembly drives each longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly to push a plate through the longitudinal cutting front side pushing plate 54, the side edges of the plates are guaranteed to be aligned, and the pushing operation of the longitudinal cutting front pushing assemblies is facilitated.
The pre-slitting pushing assembly comprises a pre-slitting pushing frame 520, a pre-slitting pushing transverse moving member 521, a pre-slitting pushing lifting member 522, a pre-slitting pushing plate 523 and a pre-slitting pushing limiting plate 524, the pre-slitting pushing transverse moving member 521 is mounted on the pre-slitting pushing frame 520 and moves transversely relative to the pre-slitting pushing frame 520, the structures and principles of the pre-slitting pushing transverse moving member 521 and the pre-slitting pushing lifting member 522 are the same as those of the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 and the feeding lifting mechanism 13, and are not described herein, the pre-slitting pushing plate 523 is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the pre-slitting pushing lifting member 522, the pre-slitting lifting member 522 drives the pre-slitting pushing plate 523 to move up and down, the pre-slitting pushing transverse moving member 521 controls the pre-slitting pushing plate 523 to move by driving the pre-slitting lifting member 522 to push the plates, and the pre-pushing plate 523 pushes the plates along the conveying member conveying direction perpendicular to the pre-slitting conveying direction.
In this embodiment, the pre-slit pushing limiting plates 524 are L-shaped, and include a first limiting plate distributed along the conveying direction of the pre-slit conveying member and a second limiting plate distributed perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pre-slit conveying member, where the first limiting plate limits the movement of the pre-slit pushing traversing member 521 to prevent the occurrence of an over-travel problem, the second limiting plate is used to limit the sheet, and the pre-slit lateral pushing assembly pushes the sheet to the second limiting plate along the conveying direction of the pre-slit conveying member, so as to align the side edges of the sheet.
The slitting mechanism comprises a slitting frame 502, a slitting pressing assembly 552, a slitting traversing assembly 551, a slitting lifting assembly 554 and a slitting assembly 553, wherein the slitting assembly 553 is installed on the slitting lifting assembly 554, the slitting pressing assembly 552 presses the plates, the slitting traversing assembly 551 and the slitting lifting assembly 554 control the movement of the slitting assembly 553 so as to facilitate cutting, the slitting frame 502, the slitting pressing assembly 552, the slitting traversing assembly 551, the slitting lifting assembly 554 and the slitting assembly 553 are respectively identical in structure and principle with the transverse frame 502, the transverse pressing assembly, the transverse traversing assembly, the transverse front lifting assembly and the transverse assembly, the slitting assembly 553 is driven by a slitting servo motor, a slitting sheet is driven by a slitting saw motor, no repeated description is provided, the slitting mechanism further comprises a side aligning assembly 555, the side aligning assembly 555 comprises a plurality of side aligning members, and in the embodiment, the plurality of side aligning members synchronously move the plates in the cutting position in the material pushing direction perpendicular to the material pushing assembly before slitting so as to ensure the side alignment of the plates, the plates are prevented from shifting in the material pushing assembly before slitting, and the stability of the material pushing process is ensured.
The implementation process of the slitting device 5 in this embodiment is as follows, a conveying member before slitting starts to control a lifting member before slitting to lift up, a conveying servo motor 531 before slitting starts, a conveying device 4 conveys a crosscut plate to the conveying member before slitting and conveys the plate to a slitting discharge area through the conveying member before slitting, after a material sensor of a slitting platform senses the material, the conveying servo motor 531 before slitting stops, the conveying member before slitting starts to control the lifting member before slitting to descend, a pushing assembly before slitting starts to align the side edges of the plate, a pushing assembly before slitting starts to push the plate to a cutting position of slitting, the side aligning member aligns the side edges of the plate again, the pressing assembly 552 for slitting compresses the plate, the slitting mechanism performs aligned cutting on the plate at the cutting position first to ensure that the plate is aligned longitudinally, and after aligned, the slitting mechanism performs slitting operation on the plate at the cutting position according to a set slitting processing size.
In this embodiment, the finished board transport device 6 is connected to the slitting device 5, and transports the finished board to the assembly area.
In this embodiment, finished product panel conveyer 6 can dock with current full-automatic timber production line, realizes automation to a greater extent, reduces the cost of labor, and has improved production efficiency greatly.
In this embodiment, the panel can adopt the square timber or/and compound infill panel or/and compound door skin board, can realize the cooperation of different panel cutting equipment, realizes automation to a greater extent, reduces the cost of labor, and has improved production efficiency greatly.
As shown in fig. 11 to 14, this embodiment further provides a method for using a full-automatic plate cutting device, in which the full-automatic plate cutting device is used to cut a plate, the full-automatic plate cutting device includes the above-mentioned main control system, the feeding device 1, the transverse cutting device 2, the waste device 3, the transporting device 4, the longitudinal cutting device 5, and the finished plate transporting device 6, the main control system is respectively connected to the feeding device 1, the transverse cutting device 2, the transporting device 4, the longitudinal cutting device 5, and the finished plate transporting device 6 and controls the operation of each device, and specifically includes the following steps:
step 1: pre-treating by a full-automatic plate cutting device;
step 1.1: the PC issues processing data to a master control system;
step 1.2: sequentially starting the devices and confirming that the devices operate normally;
step 2: feeding by a feeding device 1;
and 3, step 3: the transverse cutting device 2 transversely cuts the plate;
and 4, step 4: the conveying device 4 conveys the transversely cut plate to the longitudinal cutting device 5;
and 5: the longitudinal cutting device 5 longitudinally cuts the plate;
and 6: the finished plate conveying device 6 conveys the finished plates;
the feeding device 1 comprises a feeding frame 11, a feeding transverse moving mechanism 12, a feeding lifting mechanism 13, a feeding clamping mechanism 14 and an alarm device 15, the transverse cutting device 2 comprises a transverse cutting front conveying mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism, the transverse cutting front conveying mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame 200, a transverse cutting front conveying assembly, a transverse cutting front pushing assembly and a transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly, the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame 201, a transverse cutting pressing assembly, a transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, a transverse cutting lifting assembly and a transverse cutting assembly, the conveying device 4 comprises a conveying frame 41, a material dropping prevention mechanism 45, a material positioning backer mechanism 43 and a transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, the slitting device 5 comprises a longitudinal cutting front conveying mechanism and a longitudinal cutting mechanism, the longitudinal cutting front conveying mechanism comprises a longitudinal cutting front frame 501, a longitudinal cutting front conveying assembly, a longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly and a longitudinal cutting front pushing assembly, the longitudinal cutting mechanism comprises a longitudinal cutting frame 502, a longitudinal cutting pressing assembly 552, a longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly 551, a longitudinal cutting lifting assembly 554, a longitudinal cutting assembly 553 and a side aligning assembly 555.
The feeding step of the feeding device 1 in the step 2 is as follows;
step 2.1: confirming whether the material taking area has materials or not, if so, executing the step 2.2, otherwise, preparing materials in the material taking area, and executing the step 2.1 after preparing the materials;
step 2.2: confirming whether the feeding device 1 drops materials or not, if not, executing a step 2.3, if so, returning the feeding transverse moving mechanism 12 and the feeding lifting mechanism 13 of the feeding device 1 to the initial positions, giving an alarm by an alarm device 15 of the feeding device 1, and executing the step 2.1 after manual treatment;
step 2.3: the feeding device 1 moves the plate to a to-be-discharged area of the transverse cutting device 2 to wait for receiving a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system;
step 2.4: the feeding device 1 receives a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system, the feeding device 1 descends the plate to a discharging position, and the plate is placed on the transverse cutting device 2, so that the feeding process of the plate is completed.
The step of transversely cutting the plate by the transverse cutting device 2 in the step 3 is as follows:
step 3.1: positioning the plate by a positioning backer component before transverse cutting;
a transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder 241 of the transverse cutting front positioning backer component is started to eject a transverse cutting front positioning backer 242 fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder, a transverse cutting front conveying motor 215 of the transverse cutting front conveying component starts to convey the plate, and after a positioning backer material in-place sensor of the transverse cutting front positioning backer component detects and senses the material, the transverse cutting front conveying motor 215 stops to position the plate;
step 3.2: the material positioning backer mechanism 43 positions the plate according to the plate machining size;
in this embodiment, when the material positioning and retaining mechanism 43 is at the initial position, the distance between the origin of the material positioning and retaining cylinder 433 of the material positioning and retaining mechanism 43 and the transverse cutting blade 253 of the transverse cutting assembly is set to be HOrTarget cross-cut machining dimension is set to ThnThe material positioning backer servo motor 431 controls the material positioning backer frame 432, and the actual walking distance of the material positioning backer pressing plate 434 is equivalent to MhnN is the number of times of transverse cutting, n is not less than 1h1Means first machining dimension, Th2Indicates the second machining dimensionhnThe nth machining dimension is designated, the numerical value of each machining dimension is set according to requirements, Mh1Means that the material positioning backer servo motor 431 controls the actual walking distance, M, of the material positioning backer frame 432 in the first processingh2M. M denotes the actual travel distance of the material positioning arm rest stand 432 controlled by the material positioning arm rest servo motor 431 during the second processinghnThe actual travel distance of the material positioning backer rack 432 is controlled by the material positioning backer servo motor 431 during the nth processing, so that a formula is obtained:
Mhn=HOr-Thn
material positioning backer servo motor 431 controls material positioning backer pressing plate 434 to move MhnThe material positioning backer air cylinder 433 controls the material positioning backer press plate 434 to descend;
step 3.3: pushing the material of the plate;
step 3.3.1: setting basic data;
setting the initial width of the plate as W, and setting the distance between the original point of a front material pushing cylinder of a front material pushing component 232 of the transverse cutting front material pushing assembly and a transverse cutting blade 253 as SfThe length of the front pushing member 232 is compensated by BfThe distance between the origin of the rear pushing cylinder 233 of the rear pushing member 231 of the transverse front pushing assembly and the transverse cutting blade 253 is SrThe distance between the front positioning backer unit and the transverse cutting blade 253 is SzThe length compensation of the transverse cutting front positioning backer component is BzThe compensation of the cross-cut 253 is DbThe distance between the rear end of the front plate and the cross-cutting blade 253 is set to SaThe size of the excess material of the plate is set as Yh0
Initial feeding stage: sa=W+Db+Sz+Bz、Yh0=W;
Step 3.3.2: the material falling prevention mechanism 45 of the transportation device 4 is started;
step 3.3.3: the main control system selects the rear pushing component 231 or the front pushing component 232 to push materials according to the basic data;
when S isf+Bf<Sa<SrThe main control system controls the rear pushing member 231 to push material, and the step 3.3.3.1 is executed;
when S isa<SfThe main control system controls the front pushing member 232 to push materials, and the step 3.3.3.2 is executed;
step 3.3.3.1: the rear pushing member 231 pushes;
the main control system controls the rear pushing member 231 to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism 43 to be positioned, when the material positioning backer sensor 435 of the material positioning backer mechanism 43 senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the rear pushing member 231 returns to the original point;
step 3.3.3.2: the front pushing member 232 pushes;
the main control system controls the front pushing member 232 to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism 43 to be positioned, when the material positioning backer sensor 435 of the material positioning backer mechanism 43 senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the front pushing member 232 returns to the original point;
step 3.3.4: the main control system controls and starts the transverse cutting front conveying assembly and the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, so that the plate is aligned with the material positioning backer mechanism 43;
step 3.4: a front transverse-cutting pressing member and a rear transverse-cutting pressing member of the transverse-cutting pressing assembly are started to fix the front and rear areas of the plate blank;
step 3.5: starting the transverse cutting traversing assembly, the transverse cutting lifting assembly and the transverse cutting assembly, and cutting the plate by the transverse cutting blade 253;
step 3.6: calculating the size of the excess material of the plate;
the size of the cut plate remainder is set as YhmM denotes the number of times of cutting, m is not less than 1h1Refers to the size and Y of the plate excess material after one-time cuttingh2Y is the size of the plate remainder subjected to secondary cuttinghmThe size of the plate residual material after m times of cutting is indicated, the numerical values of n and m are consistent, and the main control system is used for controlling the cutting speed according to Th1Performing primary processing to obtain the size Y of the plate residual material which is cut at one timeh1According to ThnProcessing for the nth time to obtain the size Y of the plate residual material cut for m timeshm
Yhm=Yh0-(Th1+Th2+...+Thn)-(Db×n);
Step 3.7: judging the next machining size Th(n+1)Whether or not it is greater than YhmIf not, executing the step 3.8, and if so, executing the step 3.9;
step 3.8: transversely cutting and processing excess plate materials;
step 3.8.1: the main control system selects a rear material pushing component 231 or a front material pushing component 232 to push materials according to the plate excess materials and the basic data;
when S isf+Bf<Yhm<SrThe main control system controls the rear pushing member 231 to push material, and the step 3.8.1.1 is executed;
when Y ishm<SfThe main control system controls the front pushing member 232 to push materials, and the step 3.8.1.2 is executed;
step 3.8.1.1: the rear pushing member 231 pushes;
the main control system controls the rear pushing member 231 to push materials, the cut plates are pushed out of the transversely-cut cutting position and are sent to the transversely-cut conveying mechanism 42, the transversely-cut conveying mechanism 42 conveys the cut plates to the longitudinally-cutting device 5, the rear pushing member 231 pushes the plate excess materials to the material positioning backer mechanism 43 to be positioned, when the material positioning backer sensor 435 of the material positioning backer mechanism 43 senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the rear pushing member 231 returns to the original point;
the feeding distance of the rear pushing member 231 is set to M1aA indicates the pushing times of the rear pushing member 231, a is not less than 111The feeding distance M of the first pushing of the rear pushing member 23112M. M, indicating the feeding distance of the second pushing of the rear pushing member 2311aRefers to the feeding distance, a, of the a-th pushing of the rear pushing member 231<n and a<m, a denotes the a-th process of the n-th process and the a-th cut of the m-th cut, and the feed compensation distance of the rear pushing member 231 is set to be B1
M1a=Sr-Yhm+B1
Step 3.8.1.2: the front pushing member 232 pushes;
the main control system controls the front pushing member 232 to push materials, the cut plates are pushed out of the transversely cutting position and are sent to the transversely cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, the transversely cutting rear conveying mechanism 42 conveys the cut plates to the longitudinally cutting device 5, the front pushing member 232 pushes the plates to the material positioning backer mechanism 43 to be positioned, when the material positioning backer sensor 435 of the material positioning backer mechanism 43 senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the front pushing member 232 returns to the original point;
the feeding distance of the front pushing member 232 is set to M2bAnd b indicates a front pushing mechanismThe number of pushing times of the member 232 is more than or equal to 1<n and b<M, b do not include the pushing times of the waste material, in this embodiment, the rear pushing member 231 pushes the material a times according to the size, and then pushes the material b times according to the front pushing member 232 with the size of the remainder, a + b = n = M, M21The feeding distance M of the first pushing of the front pushing member 232, i.e. the (a + 1) th processing in the n processing22M. M is a feeding distance of the a +2 th process of the second, n processes of the front pushing member 2322bThe feeding distance of the B-th processing material pushing of the front material pushing component 232 is indicated, namely the feeding distance of the n-th processing material pushing in the n-th processing, and the feeding compensation distance of the front material pushing component 232 is set as B2
M2b=Sf-Yh(a+1)+B2
Step 3.8.2: the main control system controls and starts the transverse cutting front conveying assembly and the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism 42, and the excess plate materials are aligned to the material positioning backer mechanism 43;
step 3.8.3: starting a transverse cutting front pressing member and a transverse cutting rear pressing member of the transverse cutting pressing assembly to fix the front and rear cutting areas of the plate residual material;
step 3.8.4: starting the transverse cutting traversing assembly, the transverse cutting lifting assembly and the transverse cutting assembly, and cutting excess plate materials by the transverse cutting blade 253;
step 3.8.5: step 3.6 is executed;
step 3.9: the master control system determines YhmSize, if YhmIf is more than 5cm, executing the step 3.9.1; if Y ishm<5cm, perform step 3.9.2;
step 3.9.1: main control system controls 1 feeding of feeding device and Y 'of excess material size'hm=Yhm+ W ', W' indicates the initial width of the plate fed next time, and step 2 is executed;
step 3.9.2: the anti-falling mechanism 45 resets, the waste device 3 is started, the front material pushing component 232 pushes the residual materials to the waste discharge area, the waste materials fall to the waste device 3 and are discharged, the main control system controls the feeding device 1 to feed, and the step 2 is executed. The step of longitudinally cutting the plate by the longitudinal cutting device 5 in the step 5 is as follows:
step 5.1: the plate is transmitted to the longitudinal cutting discharging area by a longitudinal cutting front transmission component of the longitudinal cutting front transmission component, the longitudinal cutting front transmission component stops transmitting after a material sensor of the longitudinal cutting platform senses the material, and the longitudinal cutting front lifting component of the longitudinal cutting front transmission component controls the longitudinal cutting front transmission component to descend so that the plate is placed on the longitudinal cutting platform of the longitudinal cutting front frame 501;
step 5.2: the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly pushes the plate to enable the side edges of the plate to be aligned;
in this embodiment, when the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly is located at the initial position, the distance between the origin of the longitudinal cutting front side pushing cylinder 542 of the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly and the second limiting plate of the longitudinal cutting front pushing limiting plate 524 of the longitudinal cutting front pushing assembly is set to be ZOrThe width of the transversely cut plate is set to ThnThe actual travel distance of the longitudinal cutting front side thrust cylinder 542 is set to MznN indicates the crosscut processing number of times, and crosscut device crosscut processing is once, and conveyor 4 transports the back panel of cutting once, and the side pushes away the subassembly side before the rip cutting and pushes away panel once, obtains the formula:
Mzn=ZOr-Thn
step 5.3: the pushing assembly is started to push the plate to a longitudinal cutting position before longitudinal cutting;
the initial length (longitudinal cutting direction) of the plate after transverse cutting is set to be L, and the flush amount is set to be QtThe cutting allowance is set to Yt(ii) a Compensation of the longitudinal cut to Db', the target slitting process size is set to Tzx,Tzx>YtX is more than or equal to 0, x refers to the number of times of longitudinal cutting of a processing target, x is more than or equal to 1, Tz1Means first machining dimension, Tz2Indicates the second machining dimensionzxReferring to the x-th machining dimension, in general,
L=Qt+(Tz1+Tz2+...+Tzn)+Db'×n+Yt
the distance between the initial position of the front material pushing plate 523 of the front material pushing assembly and the longitudinal cutting blade of the longitudinal cutting assembly 553 is Sf'The offset of the rip fence 523 is set to Bf', compensation of longitudinal cutting of the sheet is Db', the advancing distance of the pushing material assembly before the longitudinal cutting is set as MzyY is one blockPushing times of the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting of the plate to obtain MzyCalculating the formula:
Figure BDA0003545928180000181
when the pushing times y =0 of the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting, the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting conveys the plates to carry out end-to-end cutting operation, the pushing times y = x of the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting, the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting conveys the plates to carry out longitudinal cutting processing of a target size, and when the pushing times y = x +1 of the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting, the pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting conveys the residual cutting residual materials after the longitudinal cutting operation to a finished plate conveying device 6;
step 5.4: the slitting mechanism is used for slitting the plate;
step 5.4.1: the side aligning assembly 555 is started to align the side edges of the plates;
actual walking distance of side alignment assembly 555 and MznConsistent, and not described in detail herein;
step 5.4.2: the longitudinal cutting and pressing assembly 552 is started to fix the area of the plate material to be cut;
step 5.4.3: starting the longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly 551, the longitudinal cutting lifting assembly 554 and the longitudinal cutting assembly 553, and performing head cutting and aligning operation on the plate by the longitudinal cutting assembly 553 to finish the head cutting and aligning operation; the distance between the rear end of the plate and the longitudinal cutting sheet after the head trimming operation is set as Sa',Sa'=Sf'-Qt-Db'
Step 5.4.4: the longitudinal cutting transverse moving component 551, the longitudinal cutting lifting component 554 and the longitudinal cutting component 553 are reset, and the pushing component before longitudinal cutting is based on TzxMobile MzyPushing the plate to a longitudinal cutting position;
step 5.4.5: the side aligning assembly 555 is started to align the side edges of the plates;
step 5.4.6: starting the longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly 551, the longitudinal cutting lifting assembly 554 and the longitudinal cutting assembly 553, and longitudinally cutting the plate by the longitudinal cutting assembly 553;
step 5.4.7: calculating excess material of the plate;
after the plate is longitudinally cut to a target size, the size of the excess plate is set to Yzx,Yz1According to Tz1Size, Y of longitudinally cut excess sheet materialz2According to Tz2Size of longitudinally cut plate remnantszxAccording to TzxThe size of the longitudinally cut excess sheet material,
Yzx=Sa'-(Tz1+Tz2+...+Tzx)-(Db'×x);
step 5.4.8: judging the next machining size Tz(x+1)Whether or not it is greater than YzxIf not, executing the step 5.4.9, and if so, executing the step 5.5;
step 5.4.9: longitudinally cutting and processing the excess plate material;
step 5.4.9.1: the material pushing component is started before longitudinal cutting according to Tz(x+1)Pushing the plate to a longitudinal cutting position;
step 5.4.9.2: the side aligning assembly 555 is started to align the side edges of the plates;
step 5.4.9.3: the longitudinal cutting and pressing assembly 552 is started to fix the area of the plate material to be cut;
step 5.4.9.4: starting the longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly 551, the longitudinal cutting lifting assembly 554 and the longitudinal cutting assembly 553, and longitudinally cutting the plate by the longitudinal cutting assembly 553;
step 5.4.9.5: the material pushing assembly conveys the finished plates to a finished plate conveying device 6 before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.4.9.6: step 5.4.8 is executed;
and step 5.5: t isz(x+1)Greater than YzxAt the same time, the size Y of the excess material of the platezxEquivalent to the cutting margin YtPushing the cutting excess materials to a finished plate conveying device 6 by a pushing assembly before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.6: and the main control system controls the conveying device 4 to convey the transversely cut plate to the pre-slitting conveying mechanism to complete feeding operation, and the step 5.1 is executed.
It should be apparent that the described embodiments are only some of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device is characterized by comprising the following steps of: utilize full-automatic panel cutting device to cut panel, full-automatic panel cutting device includes major control system, loading attachment, crosscut device, waste material device, conveyer, rip cutting device and finished product panel conveyer, and the major control system is connected and control the operation of each device with loading attachment, crosscut device, conveyer, waste material device, rip cutting device and finished product panel conveyer respectively, specifically includes following step:
step 1: pre-treating by a full-automatic plate cutting device;
step 1.1: the PC issues processing data to a master control system;
step 1.2: sequentially starting the devices and confirming that the devices operate normally;
step 2: feeding by a feeding device;
and step 3: the transverse cutting device transversely cuts the plate;
and 4, step 4: the conveying device conveys the transversely cut plate to the longitudinal cutting device;
and 5: the longitudinal cutting device longitudinally cuts the plate;
step 6: the finished plate conveying device conveys the finished plates;
the feeding device comprises a feeding frame, a feeding transverse moving mechanism, a feeding lifting mechanism, a feeding clamping mechanism and an alarm device, the transverse cutting device comprises a transverse cutting front conveying mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism, the transverse cutting front conveying mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting front conveying assembly, a transverse cutting front pushing assembly and a transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly, the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting pressing assembly, a transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, a transverse cutting lifting assembly and a transverse cutting assembly, and the conveying device comprises a conveying frame, a material dropping prevention mechanism, a material positioning backer mechanism and a transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism;
step 3 the step of crosscutting the sheet by the crosscutting device comprises the step 3.3: pushing the material of the plate;
step 3.3 the plate material pushing treatment comprises the following steps:
step 3.3.1: setting basic data;
setting the initial width of the plate to be W, and setting the distance between the original point of a front material pushing cylinder of a front material pushing component of the transverse cutting front material pushing assembly and a transverse cutting blade to be SfThe length compensation of the front pushing component is BfThe distance between the original point of a rear material pushing cylinder of a rear material pushing component of the transverse cutting front material pushing assembly and the transverse cutting blade is SrThe distance between the positioning backer component before the transverse cutting and the transverse cutting sheet is SzThe length compensation of the transverse cutting front positioning backer component is BzCompensation of transverse cutting of DbThe distance between the rear end of the front plate and the transverse cutting blade is set as SaThe size of the excess material of the plate is set as Yh0
Initial feeding stage: s. thea=W+Db+Sz+Bz、Yh0=W;
Step 3.3.2: starting a material falling prevention mechanism (45) of the conveying device;
step 3.3.3: the main control system selects a rear pushing component or a front pushing component to push materials according to the basic data;
when S isf+Bf<Sa<SrThe main control system controls the rear pushing member to push materials, and the step 3.3.3.1 is executed;
when Sa is less than Sf, the main control system controls the front pushing component to push materials, and step 3.3.3.2 is executed;
step 3.3.4: the main control system controls and starts the transverse cutting front conveying assembly and the transverse cutting rear conveying mechanism (42) so that the plate is aligned with the material positioning backer mechanism.
2. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 1, characterized in that:
the longitudinal cutting device comprises a longitudinal cutting front conveying mechanism and a longitudinal cutting mechanism, the longitudinal cutting front conveying mechanism comprises a longitudinal cutting front frame, a longitudinal cutting front conveying assembly, a longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly and a longitudinal cutting front pushing assembly, and the longitudinal cutting mechanism comprises a longitudinal cutting frame, a longitudinal cutting pressing assembly, a longitudinal cutting transverse moving assembly, a longitudinal cutting lifting assembly, a longitudinal cutting assembly and a side aligning assembly.
3. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 2, characterized in that:
the step 2 is that the feeding step of the feeding device comprises the following steps of step 2.1: whether the material taking area has the material or not is confirmed,
if yes, executing the step 2.2, otherwise, preparing materials in a material taking area, and executing the step 2.1 after the materials are prepared;
step 2.2: confirming whether the feeding device drops materials or not, if not, executing the step 2.3, if so, returning the feeding transverse moving mechanism and the feeding lifting mechanism of the feeding device to the initial positions, alarming by an alarming device of the feeding device, and executing the step 2.1 after manual processing;
step 2.3: the feeding device moves the plate to a to-be-discharged area of the transverse cutting device, and waits for receiving a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system;
step 2.4: the feeding device receives a feeding instruction allowed by the main control system, descends the plate to a discharging position, and places the plate on the transverse cutting device to complete the feeding process of the plate.
4. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 2, characterized in that:
the step of transversely cutting the plate by the transverse cutting device in the step 3 is as follows:
step 3.1: positioning the plate by a positioning backer component before crosscutting;
a transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder of the transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly is started to eject a transverse cutting front positioning backer fixedly arranged at the output end of the transverse cutting front positioning backer cylinder, a transverse cutting front conveying motor of the transverse cutting front conveying assembly starts to convey the plate, and after a positioning backer material in-place sensor of the transverse cutting front positioning backer assembly detects and senses the plate, the transverse cutting front conveying motor stops to position the plate;
step 3.2: the material positioning backer mechanism positions the plate according to the plate processing size;
step 3.3: pushing the material of the plate;
step 3.4: a front transverse cutting pressing member and a rear transverse cutting pressing member of the transverse cutting pressing assembly are started to fix the front and rear areas of the plate material to be cut;
step 3.5: starting the transverse cutting transverse moving assembly, the transverse cutting lifting assembly and the transverse cutting assembly, and cutting the plate by the transverse cutting sheet;
step 3.6: calculating the size of the excess material of the plate;
step 3.7: judging whether the next machining size is larger than the size of the plate remainder, if not, executing a step 3.8, if so, executing a step 3.9,
step 3.8: transversely cutting and processing excess plate materials;
step 3.9: the main control system judges the size of the plate excess material, and if the size of the plate excess material is larger than 5cm, the step 3.9.1 is executed; and if the size of the plate remainder is less than 5cm, executing the step 3.9.2.
5. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 1, characterized in that:
the step 3.3.3.1 is that the rear pushing component pushes:
the main control system controls the rear pushing component to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism to be positioned, when the material positioning backer mechanism senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the rear pushing component returns to the original point;
3.3.3.2, a front pushing component pushes materials;
the main control system controls the front pushing component to push materials, the plates are pushed to the material positioning backer mechanism to be positioned, when the material positioning backer mechanism senses that the materials are in place, the pushing is stopped, and the front pushing component returns to the original point.
6. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 4, characterized in that: setting the distance between the origin of a material positioning backer cylinder of the material positioning backer mechanism and a transverse cutting sheet of a transverse cutting assembly to be HO when the material positioning backer mechanism is positioned at the initial positionrTarget cross-cut machining dimension is set to ThnThe material positioning backer servo motor controls the material positioning backer frame, which is equivalent to the actual walking distance of the material positioning backer pressing plate (434)Is MhnN is the number of times of transverse cutting, n is not less than 1h1Means first machining dimension, Th2Indicates the second machining dimensionhnThe nth machining dimension is designated, the numerical value of each machining dimension is set according to requirements, Mh1Means that the actual walking distance, M, of the material positioning backer frame is controlled by a material positioning backer servo motor during the first processingh2M. M is the actual walking distance of the material positioning backer rack controlled by the material positioning backer servo motor during the second processinghnThe actual walking distance of the material positioning backer rack is controlled by a material positioning backer servo motor during the nth processing, and a formula is obtained:
Mhn=HOr-Thn
positioning backer servo motor controls material positioning backer pressing plate to move MhnAnd the material positioning backer air cylinder controls the material positioning backer pressing plate to descend.
7. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 6, characterized in that: setting the size of the cut excess material of the plate as YhmM is the number of cutting times, m is not less than 1h1Refers to the size and Y of the plate excess material after one-time cuttingh2The size of the plate residual material after secondary cuttinghmThe size of the plate residual material after m times of cutting is indicated, the numerical values of n and m are consistent, and the main control system is used for controlling the cutting speed according to Th1Carrying out primary processing to obtain the size Yh1 of the plate residual material which is cut for the first time according to ThnProcessing for the nth time to obtain the size Y of the plate residual material cut for m timeshm,Yhm=Yh0-(Th1+Th2+...+Thn)-(Db×n)。
8. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 4, characterized in that:
step 3.9 comprises the following steps:
step 3.9.1: main control system controls feeding device to feed material, and excess material size Y'hm=Yhm+ W ', W' indicates the initial width of the plate fed next time, and step 2 is executed;
step 3.9.2: resetting the anti-dropping mechanism, starting the waste material device, pushing the residual material to a waste material discharge area by the front material pushing component, dropping the waste material to the waste material device, discharging the waste material, controlling the feeding device by the main control system, and executing the step 2.
9. The use method of the full-automatic plate cutting device according to claim 1, characterized in that:
the step of longitudinally cutting the plate by the longitudinal cutting device in the step 5 is as follows:
step 5.1: the front longitudinal cutting conveying component of the front longitudinal cutting conveying component conveys the plate to the longitudinal cutting discharging area, the front longitudinal cutting conveying component stops conveying after the material sensor of the longitudinal cutting platform senses the material, and the front longitudinal cutting lifting component of the front longitudinal cutting conveying component controls the front longitudinal cutting conveying component to descend so as to place the plate on the longitudinal cutting platform of the front longitudinal cutting frame;
step 5.2: the longitudinal cutting front side pushing assembly pushes the plate to enable the side edges of the plate to be aligned;
step 5.3: the pushing assembly is started to push the plate to a cutting position of longitudinal cutting before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.4: the slitting mechanism is used for slitting the plate;
step 5.5: when the next processing size is larger than the size of the excess material of the plate, the size of the excess material of the plate is equal to the cutting allowance, and the pushing assembly pushes the cutting excess material to the finished plate conveying device before longitudinal cutting;
step 5.6: and (3) the main control system controls the conveying device to convey the transversely cut plates to the pre-longitudinal cutting conveying mechanism to complete feeding operation, and step 5.1 is executed.
CN202210248270.9A 2022-03-14 2022-03-14 Use method of full-automatic plate cutting device Active CN114536501B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202264266U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-06-06 吴玉明 Numerical control full-automatic trimming machine
CN106003253A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 梦天木门集团有限公司 Longitudinal and transverse saw cutting device
CN106239738A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 蔡尚懿 Full-automatic vertical-horizontal one many crops bead cutter
CN106965261A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-21 南兴装备股份有限公司 One kind cuts computer panel saw equipment in length and breadth
CN109129724A (en) * 2018-08-08 2019-01-04 福建兴恒机械科技有限公司 A kind of sheet fabrication production line of high Automatic Conveying plate
CN209380906U (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-09-13 台州市意利欧机械有限公司 A kind of vertical cross-cut saw of line-connection type

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202264266U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-06-06 吴玉明 Numerical control full-automatic trimming machine
CN106003253A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-10-12 梦天木门集团有限公司 Longitudinal and transverse saw cutting device
CN106239738A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-21 蔡尚懿 Full-automatic vertical-horizontal one many crops bead cutter
CN106965261A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-07-21 南兴装备股份有限公司 One kind cuts computer panel saw equipment in length and breadth
CN109129724A (en) * 2018-08-08 2019-01-04 福建兴恒机械科技有限公司 A kind of sheet fabrication production line of high Automatic Conveying plate
CN209380906U (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-09-13 台州市意利欧机械有限公司 A kind of vertical cross-cut saw of line-connection type

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