CN1145342A - Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method - Google Patents

Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1145342A
CN1145342A CN 96118241 CN96118241A CN1145342A CN 1145342 A CN1145342 A CN 1145342A CN 96118241 CN96118241 CN 96118241 CN 96118241 A CN96118241 A CN 96118241A CN 1145342 A CN1145342 A CN 1145342A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
furniture
magnesium chloride
magnesia cement
chloride solution
fiber
Prior art date
Application number
CN 96118241
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁佑民
Original Assignee
丁佑民
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 丁佑民 filed Critical 丁佑民
Priority to CN 96118241 priority Critical patent/CN1145342A/en
Publication of CN1145342A publication Critical patent/CN1145342A/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • C04B28/32Magnesium oxychloride cements, e.g. Sorel cement

Abstract

A furniture made from Mg-O cement as cementing agent is prepared by mixing magnesium oxide, solution of magnesium chloride, light filler and reinforcing fibres and moulding the mixture. The pattern onfurniture can be formed simultaneously. Its advantages are simple manufacture process, low cost and no need of wood.

Description

镁氧水泥家俱及其生产方法 Furniture and magnesia cement production process

本发明涉及一种家俱及其生产方法。 The present invention relates to a method for its production of furniture.

目前,大多数家俱和办公桌椅是用木材为原料,经过锯、削、刨、凿、开榫、斗榫等工序制作而成。 Currently, most of the furniture and office furniture is made of wood as raw material, sawing, cutting, planing, cutting, mortising, bucket tenon and other processes made. 既耗费宝贵的木材资源,又生产工艺复杂、技术要求高。 Consuming valuable timber resources, and complex production process, high technical requirements. 尤其是近年来出现的高档雕刻家俱,更需要优质木材和要求工人有精细的雕刻技术。 Especially in recent years of high-grade carved furniture, but also we need high-quality wood and require workers with fine carving.

本发明的目的是提供一种镁氧水泥家俱及其生产方法,做到不用本材,原料易得,生产工艺简单,对工人的技术要求低。 Object of the present invention is to provide a furniture and magnesia cement production process, do not have this material, raw materials, production process is simple, low technical requirements for workers.

本发明依据的原理是:镁氧水泥是氧化镁和氯化镁溶液按一定比例混合的一种无机胶凝材料。 The present invention is based on the principles of: magnesia cement binder is an inorganic magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride solution by mixing of. 用其作为结合剂的产品,在常温、常压下自然硬化,具有机械强度高、尺寸稳定,耐水、耐高温、防潮等优点,而且可锯可凿可刨,是替代木材的理想材料。 Used as a binding agent products, at ambient temperature and pressure cured naturally, over the material having a high mechanical strength, dimensional stability, water resistance, high temperature, moisture, etc., and can be sawn cutting planing, having a wood substitute.

镁氧水泥家俱的材质是以镁氧水泥为结合剂、轻质材料为填料,纤维为增强料的混合物。 Furniture magnesia cement material is magnesia cement as binding agents, filler lightweight material, a mixture of fiber reinforced material.

镁氧水泥家俱的生产步骤如下:1、用常规的模型制作方法制造家俱模具或家俱构件模具。 Magnesia cement furniture production steps are as follows: 1, a conventional manufacturing method for producing models of furniture or furniture component mold die.

常规的模型制作方法有玻璃钢涂敷法,金属模具机加工法和木模加工法。 Conventional modeling methods FRP coating method, a die mold machining method and wood processing methods. 做好的家俱模具可长期连续使用。 Good furniture mold long-term continuous use. 每次使用模具前,先涂上脱膜剂即可。 Before each use of the mold, can be coated with a release agent.

2、配制氯化镁溶液。 2, formulation chloride solution.

将一定量的氯化镁MgCl2放入容器中,加水使其溶化,比重调整为d=1.15~1.28克/厘米3。 The amount of magnesium chloride MgCl2 placed in a container, adding water to melt, the specific gravity was adjusted to d = 1.15 ~ 1.28 g / cm 3.

3、按一定的比例配备原料。 3, with a certain proportion of raw materials. 各成份的重量配比是:氧化镁 15~50% 氯化镁溶液 30~60%轻质填料 5~45% 纤维增强料 5~25%为了减轻产品的整体重量,轻质填料主要采用珍珠岩、浮石、泡沫塑料、玻璃空心微珠、锯木粉等轻质材料。 The weight ratio of each component is: 15 to 50% magnesium chloride solution in 30-60% 5-45% lightweight fillers fiber reinforcements 5 to 25% to reduce the overall weight of the product, lightweight filler mainly perlite, pumice , foams, hollow glass beads, sawdust and other lightweight materials. 纤维增强料采用玻璃纤维或植物纤维。 Fiber-reinforced material made of glass fiber or plant fiber.

4、先将氧化镁MgO与轻质填料混和,边搅拌边加入氯化镁溶液,然后加入纤维增强料,制成镁氧水泥砂浆。 4, the first magnesium oxide MgO with lightweight filler mixture, a solution of magnesium chloride was added with stirring, followed by addition of a fiber-reinforced material made of magnesia cement mortar.

5、将镁氧水泥砂浆浇注到模具里,并边浇注边捣固。 5, the magnesia cement mortar poured into the mold, and the pouring edge side tamping.

6、放置8~24小时,脱膜并进行修整。 6, stand for 8 to 24 hours, trimmed and release.

7、自然固化15~30天,即得到家俱成品。 7, 15 to 30 days of natural curing, i.e., to obtain finished furniture. 如果是家俱构件,还需进行拼装。 If the furniture components, need to be assembled.

与已有技术相比,本发明具有下列特点:1、采用浇注成型工艺,能将家俱表面花纹及各种复杂形状一次性浇注出来,比传统的木材雕刻工艺提高工效几十倍。 Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following characteristics: 1, using the cast molding process, capable of furniture surface shape of the disposable pattern and pouring out of the complex than the traditional wood carving improve efficiency several times. 制作工艺简单,对工人无特殊的技术要求,特别适合制作高档雕刻家俱。 Production process is simple, no special technical requirements for workers, especially for production of high-grade carved furniture.

2、原料来源广泛,价格低,能取代木材,减少森林资源消耗,保护生态环境。 2, a wide range of sources of raw materials, low price, can replace wood, reduce consumption of forest resources, protect the ecological environment.

实施例一,生产步骤如下:1、往家俱模具内涂上脱膜剂。 First embodiment, the production steps are as follows: 1, coated to the inside furniture mold release agent.

2、将氯化镁加水配制成比重为1.2克/厘米3的氯化镁溶液。 2, the specific gravity of magnesium chloride with water formulated to 1.2 g / cm 3 of a solution of magnesium chloride.

3、按重量比配备下列原料:氧化镁 25% 氯化镁溶液 45%珍珠岩 20% 玻璃纤维 10%4、先将氧化镁与珍珠岩混和,边搅拌边加入氯化镁溶液,然后加入玻璃纤维,制成镁氧水泥砂浆。 3, a weight ratio with the following materials: 25% magnesium chloride solution, 45% perlite 20% 4 10% glass fiber, perlite mixed first with the magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride was added with stirring, followed by addition of fiberglass, magnesia cement mortar.

5、将镁氧水泥砂浆浇注到模具内,并边浇注边捣固。 5, the magnesia cement mortar poured into a mold, and pouring edge side tamping.

6、放置8~24小时,脱膜并进行修整。 6, stand for 8 to 24 hours, trimmed and release.

7、自然固化15~30夭,即得到家俱成品。 7, 15 to 30 tender natural curing, i.e., to obtain finished furniture.

本例为最佳实施例之一。 This embodiment is one preferred embodiment.

实施例二,生产步骤与例一基本相同,不同之处是氯化镁溶液比重为1∶15克/厘米3,浮石替代珍珠岩,原料的重量配比是:氧化镁 15% 氯化镁溶液 60%浮石 20% 玻璃纤维 5%实施例三,生产步骤与例一基本相同,不同之处是氧化镁溶液比重为1.16克/厘米3,泡沫塑料替代珍珠岩,原料的重量配比是: According to the second embodiment, the step of producing a substantially the same as in Example, except that the magnesium chloride solution is a specific gravity of 1.15 g / cm 3, perlite pumice Alternatively, the weight ratio of the raw materials are: magnesium chloride solution 15% 20 60% pumice % glass fiber 5% Example III production Example with a step substantially identical, except that the proportion of magnesium oxide was 1.16 g / cm 3, an alternative foam perlite, raw material weight ratio is:

氧化镁 40% 氯化镁溶液 45%泡沫塑料 5% 玻璃纤维 10%本例为最佳实施例之一实施例四,生产步骤与例一基本相同,不同之处是玻璃空心微珠代替珍珠岩,原料的重量配比是:氧化镁 50% 氯化镁溶液 40%玻璃空心微珠 5% 玻璃纤维 5%实施例五,生产步骤与例一基本相同,不同之处是锯木粉代替珍珠岩,植物纤维代替玻璃纤维,原料的重量配比是:氧化镁 15% 氯化镁溶液 30%锯木粉 30% 植物纤维 25%实施例六,生产步骤与例一基本相同,不同之处是氯化镁溶液比重为1.28克/厘米3,浮石代替珍珠岩,原料的重量配比是:氧化镁 20% 氯化镁溶液 30%浮石 45% 玻璃纤维 5% 40% magnesium chloride solution, 5% foam 45% 10% glass fiber according to the present embodiment is one preferred embodiment of the fourth embodiment, the step of producing a substantially same Example, except that instead of hollow glass microbeads perlite, raw materials the weight ratio is: 50% magnesium chloride solution, 40% hollow glass microspheres 5% 5% glass fibers according to a fifth embodiment, the step of producing a substantially same Example, except that instead of perlite, sawdust, plant fibers instead of glass fibers, is the raw material weight ratio: 15% magnesium chloride solution sawdust 30% 30% 25% plant fiber sixth embodiment, the step of producing a substantially the same as in Example, except that the proportion of magnesium chloride solution was 1.28 g / cm 3, instead of the perlite pumice, starting material weight ratio is: 20% magnesium chloride solution pumice 45% 30% 5% glass fibers

Claims (4)

1.一种镁氧水泥家俱,其特征在于材质是以镁氧水泥为结合剂、轻质材料为填料,纤维为增强料的混合物。 A magnesia cement furniture, characterized in that the material is magnesia cement as binding agents, filler lightweight material, a mixture of fiber reinforced material.
2.一种镁氧水泥家俱的生产方法,其特征在于生产步骤如下:a、在家俱模俱或家俱构件模具内涂上脱膜剂,b、加水配制比重为1.15~1.28克/厘米3的氯化镁溶液,c、按一定的重量比配备下列原料:氧化镁 15~50% 氯化镁溶液30~60%轻质填料 5~45% 纤维增强料5~25%d、先将氧化镁与轻质填料混和,边搅拌边加入氯化镁溶液,然后加入纤维增强料,制成镁氧水泥砂浆,e、将镁氧水泥砂浆浇注到模俱里,并边浇注边捣固,f、放置8~24小时,脱膜并进行修整,9、自然固化15~30天。 A method for producing furniture, magnesia cement, characterized in that the production steps as follows: a, furniture or furniture both mold members within the mold coated with release agent, b, formulated with water to a specific gravity of 1.15 to 1.28 g / cm 3 magnesium chloride solution, c, according to a certain weight ratio with the following materials: 15 to 50% magnesium chloride solution in 30-60% 5-45% lightweight fillers fiber reinforcements 5 ~ 25% d, lightweight filler first with the magnesium oxide mixture, a solution of magnesium chloride was added with stirring, followed by addition of a fiber-reinforced material made of magnesia cement mortar, e, magnesia cement mortar pouring into a mold in all, casting and side edge tamping, f, placing 8 to 24 hours, stripping and trimming, 9, 15 to 30 days of natural curing.
3.根据权利要求2所述的镁氧水泥家俱的生产方法,其特征在于氯化镁溶液比重是1.2克/厘米3,原料的最佳重量配比之一是氧化镁 25% 氯化镁溶液45%珍珠岩 20% 玻璃纤维10% The production method of claim 2 magnesia cement furniture as claimed in claim, characterized in that the proportion of magnesium chloride was 1.2 g / cm 3, one of the best raw material weight ratio of 25% magnesium chloride solution was 45% perlite glass fiber 20% 10%
4.根据权利要求2所述的镁氧水泥家俱的生产方法,其特征在于氯化镁溶液比重是1.16克/厘米3,原料的最佳重量配比之一是氧化镁 40% 氯化镁溶液 45%泡沫塑料 5% 玻璃纤维 10% 4. The method for producing magnesia cement furniture according to claim 2, characterized in that the proportion of the magnesium chloride solution is 1.16 g / cm 3, one of the best raw material weight ratio of 40% magnesium chloride solution was 45% foam 5% 10% glass fiber
CN 96118241 1996-07-02 1996-07-02 Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method CN1145342A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96118241 CN1145342A (en) 1996-07-02 1996-07-02 Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96118241 CN1145342A (en) 1996-07-02 1996-07-02 Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1145342A true CN1145342A (en) 1997-03-19

Family

ID=5124919

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 96118241 CN1145342A (en) 1996-07-02 1996-07-02 Magnesia cement furniture and its prodn. method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1145342A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104926268A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Marble-imitated furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104926249A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Wood-like furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104961427A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation protection furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104987021A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation-proof panel and preparation method thereof
CN105249688A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Method for processing tea table
CN105503137A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump-simulated dual-purpose flowerpot and stool and preparation method thereof
CN105503139A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump imitating stool and preparing method thereof
CN105503138A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Jade-carving imitating art and preparing method thereof
CN105541277A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-04 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Granite-imitated round table and preparation method thereof
CN105565769A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-11 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump simulation flowerpot and making method thereof
CN106272890A (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-01-04 宁志峰 There is imitation wood and the production method of imitative stone matter series furniture of native texture
CN107311492A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-11-03 沈阳化工大学 A kind of low-temperature quick-drying type magnesia oxychloride cement and preparation method thereof

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106272890A (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-01-04 宁志峰 There is imitation wood and the production method of imitative stone matter series furniture of native texture
CN104926268A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Marble-imitated furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104926249A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Wood-like furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104961427A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-07 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation protection furniture material and preparation method thereof
CN104987021A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-10-21 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Radiation-proof panel and preparation method thereof
CN105249688A (en) * 2015-09-22 2016-01-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Method for processing tea table
CN105503137A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump-simulated dual-purpose flowerpot and stool and preparation method thereof
CN105503139A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump imitating stool and preparing method thereof
CN105503138A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-04-20 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Jade-carving imitating art and preparing method thereof
CN105541277A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-04 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Granite-imitated round table and preparation method thereof
CN105565769A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-05-11 卓达新材料科技集团有限公司 Stump simulation flowerpot and making method thereof
CN107311492A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-11-03 沈阳化工大学 A kind of low-temperature quick-drying type magnesia oxychloride cement and preparation method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6488762B1 (en) Composition of materials for use in cellular lightweight concrete and methods thereof
SU631494A1 (en) Ceramic mass
US5435949A (en) Artificial scenic rock and its manufacturing method
KR20120123285A (en) Extruded fiber reinforced cementitious products having stone-like properties and methods of making the same
US2664406A (en) Fissured tile composed of glass fibers, gypsum cement, and aminealdehyde resin, and method of making same
US20090085253A1 (en) Construction Product
CN103342531A (en) Building exterior wall thermal insulation material and preparation process thereof
CN1872766B (en) Cement concrete of resin
JPH07247183A (en) Building and structural materials, manufacture thereof and molding, building or structural member and manufacture thereof
US4128524A (en) Composites of metal-modified urea-melamine-formaldehyde resins and fillers
FR2654425A1 (en) Mortar for projection.
CN1284739C (en) Production of artificial stone products
CN100340519C (en) Sandwich wall board made by straw cement composite material and mfg. process thereof
CN101503504B (en) Preparation of polyurethane rigid foam wood-like material
US20030059558A1 (en) Simulated limestone and method of producing the same
JPH06316453A (en) Production of calcium hydrosilicate bonded shaped article
WO2006128330A1 (en) An artifical granitic or marmoreal mechanical fitting and manufacturing method thereof
CN100450963C (en) Cladded cement based artificial moulded stone material
CN1022683C (en) Reinforced light concrete products and making method thereof
CS195705B2 (en) Building material
CN1037828C (en) Artificial wood board and its prodn. method
GB1604405A (en) Articles made from resin compositions containing aggregate materials eg glass
US5478390A (en) Cuttable concrete, its process of manufacture and its process of molding
CN1887782A (en) Light stone imitation material and its production process
CN100348532C (en) Wall plate made by straw cement composite material and mfg. process thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C01 Deemed withdrawal of patent application (patent law 1993)