CN114525894A - Orderly drainage system that prevents of roof is planted to building - Google Patents

Orderly drainage system that prevents of roof is planted to building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114525894A
CN114525894A CN202210104969.8A CN202210104969A CN114525894A CN 114525894 A CN114525894 A CN 114525894A CN 202210104969 A CN202210104969 A CN 202210104969A CN 114525894 A CN114525894 A CN 114525894A
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China
Prior art keywords
waterproof
layer
root
drainage
roof
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CN202210104969.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114525894B (en
Inventor
李晓楚
杨波
冯建虎
高周周
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Yuzhongqing Waterproof Technology Group Co ltd
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Yuzhongqing Waterproof Technology Group Co ltd
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Publication of CN114525894A publication Critical patent/CN114525894A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/02Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D5/00Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. supplied in roll form
    • E04D5/10Roof covering by making use of flexible material, e.g. supplied in roll form by making use of compounded or laminated materials, e.g. metal foils or plastic films coated with bitumen
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D2013/0495Drainage on the roof surface to storage tanks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The invention discloses an orderly waterproof and drainage system for a building planting roof, which comprises a self-waterproof reinforced concrete roof, wherein an asphalt-based waterproof coating layer, a root-resistant coiled material waterproof layer, a tide orderly waterproof and drainage macromolecule layer, a planting soil layer and a vegetation layer are sequentially arranged from bottom to top. The building planting roof waterproof system has an excellent root-resisting effect, and adopts double insurance of physical root-resisting and chemical root-resisting; the superstrong creep property of the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer can effectively absorb the stress generated by deformation and cracking of the reinforced concrete top plate, and the lap joint part of the root-resistant coiled material can not generate pull-out cracks; the lap joint of the root puncture resistant waterproof layer is sealed by hot-melt welding, and the joint is compatible with the materials and is firmer and more durable; the ordered tidal water-proof and water-discharge macromolecule layer is composed of a macromolecule composite water-proof and water-discharge plate and a water leakage collecting device, is adhered to the root-resistant coiled material layer by using a double-sided self-adhesive coiled material, discharges redundant water through ordered collection of water leakage, and ensures normal growth of a plant root system.

Description

Orderly drainage system that prevents of roof is planted to building
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of planting roof waterproofing, and particularly relates to an orderly waterproof and drainage system for a building planting roof.
Background
The common structural levels of the existing planting roof waterproof construction are as follows: the structure roof, screed-coat, coiled material waterproof layer, modified asphalt root resistance coiled material waterproof layer, isolation protective layer, concrete protective layer, planting soil layer and vegetable layer.
The waterproof method has the following disadvantages: 1. the construction process of the coiled material adopts a hot melting construction method in a large area, and whether the material is fully adhered or not is difficult to control; 2. whether seam leakage points exist between the coiled material and the base layer or not is difficult to perceive. Thereby having certain hidden trouble for the waterproof effect; also have great influence to resistant root puncture effect simultaneously, the waterproof layer can be destroyed through the gap to the root system mainly, has more aggravated the risk of its seepage from this. 3. The construction of a leveling layer, a concrete protective layer and the like leads to the increase of the bearing pressure of the roof, the construction period is long, and the building design cost is high. Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention provides the ordered waterproof and drainage system for the planted roof, which has the advantages of zero leakage, low carbon, environmental protection, convenient construction, short construction period and low comprehensive cost.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the orderly waterproof and drainage system for the building planting roof comprises an asphalt-based waterproof coating layer, a root-puncture-resistant waterproof layer, a tide orderly waterproof and drainage macromolecule layer, a planting soil layer and a vegetation layer which are sequentially arranged on the waterproof reinforced concrete roof from bottom to top.
The further technical proposal is that the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer is a non-cured asphalt waterproof coating for water proofing.
The further technical scheme is that the root penetration resistant waterproof roll of the root penetration resistant waterproof layer is 4mm in thickness.
The technical scheme is that the tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer is a geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate and is combined with a high-strength drainage groove.
According to a further technical scheme, the waterproof and drainage system further comprises an additional waterproof layer, wherein the additional waterproof layer is arranged at the pipe root and the positive and negative corners of the reinforced concrete top plate and is positioned between the self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate and the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer.
The further technical scheme is that the lapping width of the root penetration resistant waterproof layer is not less than 100mm, and the short side lapping seam interval of adjacent coiled materials is more than 500 mm;
according to a further technical scheme, the long sides and the short sides of the geotextile composite polymer drainage and water storage plate of the tidal ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer are all lapped and fixed by special double-sided self-adhesive coiled materials, and the geotextile is lapped and bonded by special high-strength adhesive points.
Adopt the produced beneficial effect of above-mentioned technical scheme to lie in: 1. the invention firstly adopts a self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate and coats asphalt-based waterproof paint to connect with a root-puncture-resistant waterproof coil layer. The asphalt-based waterproof coating has good creep property, can be perfectly combined with a base layer, and meets the requirement of full-adhesion effect. Meanwhile, the high extensibility of the asphalt-based waterproof coating can basically eliminate the damage to the upper coiled material structural layer caused by the stress concentration of cracks of the base layer due to foundation subsidence. 2. The root penetration resistant coiled material is combined with the tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer for use, and the root resistance effect of the whole system is tested, so that the double insurance mode of chemical root resistance and physical root resistance is realized. 3. The root penetration resistant coiled material is bonded with the base layer by using the asphalt-based waterproof coating, and only the lap joint part is subjected to hot melting construction. Greatly relieves the problem of environmental pollution caused by hot melting construction. 4. The tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer is a geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate and is combined with a high-strength drainage groove. The geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate has excellent chemical stability, chemical corrosion resistance, ageing resistance, effective resistance to mould corrosion in plants and soil, and excellent physical root resistance. The high-strength drainage channel utilizes gravity and water level difference to form power, and is additionally provided with a siphon device, so that collected rainwater can be drained orderly and quickly. 5. Through the rational distribution high strength water drainage tank, make whole base face split into the little retaining drainage area of several, finally converge unified in order by water drainage tank and discharge unnecessary moisture, make planting soil layer moisture content satisfy the vegetation demand.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an orderly waterproof and drainage system for a building planting roof according to the invention.
Fig. 2 is a physical layout of the orderly waterproof and drainage system for the building planting roof of the embodiment shown in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view showing the paving and overlapping of waterproof layer coiled materials in the embodiment shown in fig. 1 of the orderly waterproof and drainage system for the planted roof of the building according to the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the overlapping of waterproof layer coiled materials in the embodiment shown in fig. 1 of the orderly waterproof and drainage system of the building planting roof according to the invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the object and technical solution of the present invention clearer, the following describes embodiments of the present invention in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, the orderly waterproof and drainage system for the building planting roof comprises a self-waterproof reinforced concrete roof 1, wherein an asphalt-based waterproof coating layer 2, a root-puncture-resistant waterproof layer 3, a tide orderly waterproof and drainage macromolecule layer 4, a planting soil layer 5 and a vegetation layer 6 are sequentially arranged on the self-waterproof reinforced concrete roof 1 from bottom to top, the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer 2 is a non-cured asphalt waterproof coating, the non-cured asphalt waterproof coating is used as an interface treating agent and a single-layer waterproof layer, the full adhesion effect with a base layer is realized, and the requirement of zero leakage is realized; the root penetration resistant waterproof layer 3 is a 4mm polyester tire type root penetration resistant waterproof coiled material; the root-blocking agent in the root-puncture-resistant coiled material can effectively prevent the puncture of the plant root system from damaging the waterproof layer and the building, but can not damage the plant root system and influence the normal growth of the plant, and the root-blocking agent adopts German Langsheng or Austria Bischichmann; the tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer 4 is a geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate and is combined with a high-strength drainage groove; the waterproof and drainage macromolecule layer geotextile is connected with the macromolecule drainage and storage plate in a point bonding mode, and a special adhesive is used at the connection point, so that the bonding effect is firm; the polymer drainage and storage plate is composed of a plane base layer and columnar protruding supports, and the columnar protruding supports are evenly distributed at intervals and are integrally formed with the base layer.
Example 2
Additional layers are additionally arranged at positions, such as pipe roots, internal corners and external corners of the self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate 1, where water leakage easily occurs, the additional layers are positioned between the self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate 1 and the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer 2, and the width is preferably 500 mm. The thickness of the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer 2 is 1.0-1.5 mm;
the construction process of the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer 2 is as follows: firstly, cleaning a base layer: the base layer after shot blasting should be solid, flat, dustless and greasy-free. Non-curing rubber asphalt waterproof paint is firstly coated at the positions of a pipe root, an embedded part, a concave corner and an convex corner and the like, then a root-piercing-resistant coiled material is used for carrying out additional layer construction, the width of the additional layer is 500mm, and the additional layer is fully bonded on a base layer. And secondly, spraying or blade coating the non-cured rubber asphalt waterproof coating on the large surface. The coating is uniformly coated in thickness, so that the coating cannot be missed and reach the designed thickness. And thirdly, spraying or blade coating the non-cured rubber asphalt waterproof coating on the large surface. The coating is uniformly coated in thickness, so that the coating cannot be missed and reach the designed thickness.
Example 3
The lapping width of the root penetration resistant waterproof layer 3 is not less than 100mm, the interval of the short side lapping seams of adjacent coiled materials is more than 500mm, and the lapping seams are sealed by hot melting.
The construction process of the root penetration resistant waterproof layer 3 is as follows: firstly, determining a datum line; II, stress release: before the on-site construction, the coiled material should be spread in advance to fully release the bundling stress of the coiled material. Thirdly, paving and pasting the large-surface coiled material: and adjusting the paving position of the coiled material according to the reference line, firstly pasting and fixing the tail end of the coiled material on the base layer, and slowly rolling forwards, exhausting air and tightly bonding. The coiled material after being laid and pasted is smooth and straight, the lap joint size is correct, and the coiled material cannot be twisted. The adjacent coils are firmly bonded, the lapping width of the long side and the short side is not less than 100mm, and the short side lap seam part of the adjacent coils on the same layer is staggered by more than 500mm, as shown in figure 2. Fourthly, overlapping seam treatment of the coiled materials: the lap seams of the long and short edges are bonded by hot melting, asphalt coating layers on the bottom surfaces of the upper coiled materials and the upper surfaces of the lower coiled materials at the lap joints are fully baked by a blast burner, the asphalt between the coiled materials at the lap joints needs to be compactly fused, and the molten asphalt is extruded from the edge ends to form uniform asphalt strips with the width of 2-5mm, so that the purpose of sealing the seam openings is achieved, as shown in figure 3.
Example 4
The tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer 4 is a geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate and is combined with a high-strength siphon drainage channel.
The construction process of the tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer 4 comprises the following steps: firstly, fixing a high-strength siphon drainage channel by using a special double-sided self-adhesive coiled material according to design requirements; secondly, laying geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plates in a flush joint manner, and laying the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plates in parallel according to the determined drainage direction; thirdly, the long edges and the short edges of the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate are fixedly butted by using special self-adhesive coiled materials; the composite geotextile is connected by adopting special strong glue in a point bonding way. And installing a pressure balance pipe at the corresponding position of the drainage tank according to the design requirement. And fourthly, laying geotextile with the width of 800mm on the high-strength siphon drainage tank, and adopting special glue dots for bonding and lapping the geotextile. And fifthly, connecting the water outlet position of the top plate with a water drainage tank according to design requirements. And sixthly, installing a rainwater filtering observation well according to design requirements, and connecting the rainwater filtering observation well with a high-strength siphon drainage groove at the water outlet of the top plate. Seventhly, the backfilled soil adopts a construction machine which is paved and filled along with the soil and can not directly contact the tide ordered waterproof and drainage polymer layer, and equipment can be arranged above the backfilled soil after the soil is covered. Eighthly, treating the special-shaped part: the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate paved and adhered on the side wall needs to be turned and paved and adhered downwards from top to bottom, the paving height is 500mm, and the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate is fixed on the waterproof layer. The bottommost end is turned over to the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate tiled on the top plate and extends for 100mm, and the geotextile needs to be turned into a gap between the polymer drainage and storage plate and the wall for 100 mm. Ninth, set up the rainwater from waterproof reinforced concrete top plate edge and collect the export, discharge the infiltration water in unison to cutting dirty string basket sedimentation well, the purpose is to carry out preliminary sedimentation to the infiltration water and handle, then will deposit the water conservancy diversion after filtering and flow in the observation well, flow in municipal administration rainwater well by the observation well at last and carry out unified recycle.
In conclusion, the system can efficiently utilize rainwater resources, meanwhile, the construction efficiency can be greatly improved by a simple operation mode, full-adhesion effect can be achieved to achieve the optimal skin type waterproof effect by adopting the non-solidified asphalt coating as the bottom layer waterproof treatment and the interface bonding, and meanwhile, the simple construction process can shorten the construction period; the ordered organization prevents and arranges the system, prevent the rainwater from corroding the destruction to the building effectively; the root-resistant coiled material can realize the double-layer effects of beautifying the environment and preventing water for buildings at the same time. The three-well setting of rainwater collection system not only can realize the preliminary purification of rainwater, compromises the convenience of later maintenance simultaneously, cuts dirty application of hanging the basket well and collects the recycle for follow-up rainwater and provides abundant guarantee, cooperates automatic cleaning function and has also practiced thrift administrative cost greatly.
The above description is directed to specific embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the above description. Any equivalent modifications and alterations to this technical solution would be considered within the scope of this invention by those skilled in the art. Accordingly, equivalent changes and modifications made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be covered by the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a roof is orderly prevented drainage system is planted to building, includes from waterproof reinforced concrete roof (1), its characterized in that: an asphalt-based waterproof coating layer (2), a root puncture-resistant waterproof layer (3), a tide ordered waterproof and drainage macromolecule layer (4), a planting soil layer (5) and a vegetable layer (6) are sequentially arranged on the waterproof reinforced concrete roof (1) from bottom to top.
2. The orderly waterproof and drainage system of building planting roof of claim 1, characterized in that: the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer (2) is a non-cured asphalt waterproof coating waterproof layer.
3. The orderly waterproof and drainage system of building planting roof of claim 1, characterized in that: the root penetration resistant waterproof layer (3) comprises a root penetration resistant waterproof coiled material, and the thickness of the root penetration resistant waterproof coiled material is 4 mm.
4. The orderly waterproof and drainage system of building planting roof of claim 1, characterized in that: the ordered tidal water-proof and drainage polymer layer (4) is a geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate, a high-strength drainage groove is combined, the long edge and the short edge of the geotextile composite polymer drainage and storage plate are fixedly lapped by adopting special double-sided self-adhesive coiled materials, and the geotextile is lapped by adopting special high-strength adhesive to be in point adhesion connection.
5. The orderly waterproof and drainage system of building planting roof of claim 1, characterized in that: the waterproof structure is characterized by further comprising an additional waterproof layer, wherein the additional waterproof layer is arranged at the pipe root and the positive and negative corners of the self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate (1) and is positioned between the self-waterproof reinforced concrete top plate (1) and the asphalt-based waterproof coating layer (2).
6. The orderly waterproof and drainage system for building planting roof of claim 1 or 3, characterized in that: the lapping width of the root penetration resistant waterproof layer (3) is more than or equal to 100mm, and the short side lap seam interval of adjacent coiled materials is more than 500 mm.
CN202210104969.8A 2022-01-28 2022-01-28 Orderly waterproof and drainage system for building planting roof Active CN114525894B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002291339A (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-10-08 Konoike Constr Ltd Foundation for planting
CN205531068U (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-08-31 北京东方雨虹防水技术股份有限公司 Plant waterproof system of roof
CN210105139U (en) * 2019-04-08 2020-02-21 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Roof drainage and storage preventing system for building planting
CN112252462A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-01-22 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Construction method of concrete roof layer waterproof structure
CN213329697U (en) * 2020-07-15 2021-06-01 北京东方雨虹防水技术股份有限公司 Planting roof waterproof system
CN113585422A (en) * 2021-07-15 2021-11-02 江苏建大生态科技有限公司 Self-adhesive waterproof and drainage integrated system and drainage method thereof
CN215291014U (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-12-24 佳美新材料有限公司 Root-resistant puncture type macromolecule protective drainage special-shaped piece self-adhesive geotextile

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002291339A (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-10-08 Konoike Constr Ltd Foundation for planting
CN205531068U (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-08-31 北京东方雨虹防水技术股份有限公司 Plant waterproof system of roof
CN210105139U (en) * 2019-04-08 2020-02-21 北京东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Roof drainage and storage preventing system for building planting
CN213329697U (en) * 2020-07-15 2021-06-01 北京东方雨虹防水技术股份有限公司 Planting roof waterproof system
CN112252462A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-01-22 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Construction method of concrete roof layer waterproof structure
CN215291014U (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-12-24 佳美新材料有限公司 Root-resistant puncture type macromolecule protective drainage special-shaped piece self-adhesive geotextile
CN113585422A (en) * 2021-07-15 2021-11-02 江苏建大生态科技有限公司 Self-adhesive waterproof and drainage integrated system and drainage method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
游浩: "建筑监理员专业与实操", 中国建材工业出版社, pages: 211 *

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