CN113903594A - Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same - Google Patents

Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113903594A
CN113903594A CN202111245047.0A CN202111245047A CN113903594A CN 113903594 A CN113903594 A CN 113903594A CN 202111245047 A CN202111245047 A CN 202111245047A CN 113903594 A CN113903594 A CN 113903594A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wire
winding
feeding
magnetic ring
tail
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Pending
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CN202111245047.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴金辉
林鸿森
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Zhuhai Keris Technology Co ltd
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Zhuhai Keris Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111245047.0A priority Critical patent/CN113903594A/en
Publication of CN113903594A publication Critical patent/CN113903594A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • H01F41/08Winding conductors onto closed formers or cores, e.g. threading conductors through toroidal cores
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F41/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties
    • H01F41/02Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets
    • H01F41/04Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or assembling magnets, inductances or transformers; Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing materials characterised by their magnetic properties for manufacturing cores, coils, or magnets for manufacturing coils
    • H01F41/06Coil winding
    • H01F41/096Dispensing or feeding devices

Abstract

The invention aims to provide an automatic inductance winding machine which can effectively replace manual winding, greatly improve the winding efficiency of an inductance and the control force of winding density and can automatically wind the inductance by a cross winding method and the cross winding method applied to the winding machine. It includes the frame, the control panel of setting on the frame roof, it is provided with the pay-off carousel to rotate on the frame mounting panel, it has set gradually feed mechanism to center on the pay-off carousel on the mounting panel, at least a set of automatic wire winding module and unloading mechanism, automatic wire winding module includes first wire winding station and second wire winding station, be provided with a plurality of double-layered material manipulators on the pay-off carousel, the position and the feed mechanism that set up of double-layered material manipulator, at least a set of automatic wire winding module and unloading mechanism are corresponding, control panel and pay-off carousel, feed mechanism, at least a set of automatic wire winding module, unloading mechanism and double-layered material manipulator electricity are connected. The invention can be applied to the field of inductance processing.

Description

Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same
Technical Field
The invention relates to inductance winding equipment and a method, in particular to an inductance automatic winding machine and a cross winding method applied to the winding machine.
Background
The inductor is an element capable of converting electric energy into magnetic energy to be stored, the structure of the inductor is similar to that of a transformer, but only one winding is provided, the magnetic ring inductor is formed by winding coils on a magnetic ring, one wire is a differential mode inductor from head to tail, and two wires are wound in parallel or are wound separately on two sides to form a common mode inductor. The winding method shortens the length of the wire needing to pass through the magnetic ring by a half when the hook wire passes through the magnetic ring, greatly improves the winding efficiency, and simultaneously reduces the risk of enameled wire skin breaking and short circuit caused by repeated threading and wire pulling. The common mode inductor is also provided with another winding method which is a cross winding method, and after winding is finished, gaps among the wires are just vividly like a cross, so the common mode inductor is called the cross winding method, the cross winding method is mostly used for the common mode magnetic ring inductor, because the same wire is wound in two halves, the winding directions are opposite, when changed current flows, the changed magnetic field directions are opposite, and the changed magnetic field directions are mutually counteracted, so the common mode inductor has higher impedance, namely the cross winding method has impedance addition, and the circuit loss can be reduced.
At present, the magnetic ring inductance wire winding is mostly accomplished manual work, fixes the magnetic ring at the wire winding bench through the manual work, fixes the general of magnetic ring through anchor clamps, then with the winding of enameled wire round at the first half of magnetic ring, then take off the product upset fixed, the other half part of repeated winding magnetic ring, this kind of method efficiency is lower, needs more manpower to the density of wire winding can't guarantee unanimously. Winding is carried out by using a winding machine in the market, but at the present stage, the winding machine can only carry out winding of one wire or two wires, and the cross winding cannot be realized.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides an automatic inductor winding machine which can effectively replace manual winding, greatly improve the winding efficiency of an inductor and the control force of winding density and can automatically wind the inductor by a cross winding method and the cross winding method applied to the winding machine.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the automatic winding machine comprises a rack and a control panel arranged on a top plate of the rack, wherein a feeding turntable is rotatably arranged on a mounting plate of the rack, a feeding mechanism, at least one group of automatic winding modules and a discharging mechanism are sequentially arranged on the mounting plate around the feeding turntable, each automatic winding module comprises a first winding station and a second winding station, a plurality of clamping manipulators are arranged on the feeding turntable, the arrangement positions of the clamping manipulators correspond to the feeding mechanism, the at least one group of automatic winding modules and the discharging mechanism, and the control panel is electrically connected with the feeding turntable, the feeding mechanism, the at least one group of automatic winding modules, the discharging mechanism and the clamping manipulators.
Furthermore, two groups of automatic winding modules are arranged on the mounting plate in a manner of surrounding the feeding turntable, wherein the first winding station comprises a first winding mechanism arranged on the top plate in a sliding manner, a first wire hooking mechanism fixedly arranged on the mounting plate and corresponding to the position of the material clamping manipulator, and a wire feeding mechanism fixedly arranged on the top plate and corresponding to the vertical direction of the first wire hooking mechanism, a first wire shifting mechanism is further arranged on the mounting plate and below the first winding mechanism in a rotating manner, the first wire hooking mechanism can penetrate through the first wire shifting mechanism from bottom to top, the second winding station comprises a second winding mechanism arranged on the mounting plate in a sliding manner, a second wire hooking mechanism fixedly arranged on the top plate and corresponding to the position of the material clamping manipulator, and a second wire shifting mechanism rotatably arranged on the top plate and above the second winding mechanism, and a first tail wire clamp is also arranged at the position below the material clamping manipulator.
Furthermore, the first winding mechanism and the second winding mechanism have the same structure and both comprise a transmission group and a winding group, the transmission group comprises a winding displacement motor, a driving synchronous wheel connected with the output end of the winding displacement motor, a driven synchronous wheel connected with the driving synchronous wheel through a first transmission belt, a transmission shaft connected with the driven synchronous wheel and a fixed sleeve, the transmission shaft is arranged in the fixed sleeve in a penetrating manner, a plurality of bearings are arranged between the transmission shaft and the fixed sleeve, a plurality of support columns are further arranged at the bottom of the winding displacement motor, the winding group comprises a swing frame fixedly connected with the transmission shaft, a winding motor fixedly arranged on the swing frame, a double-transmission wheel connected with the winding motor through a second transmission belt and a winding manipulator connected with the double-transmission wheel, the winding machine comprises a double-driving wheel, a swinging frame and a winding manipulator, wherein the double-driving wheel is provided with an eccentric shaft, the swinging frame corresponds to the position of the double-driving wheel, the eccentric shaft penetrates through the double-C type sliding grooves and is connected with the winding manipulator, the winding manipulator comprises a winding frame, a wire clamping manipulator arranged on the winding frame and a first wire clamping cylinder fixedly arranged on the winding frame and pneumatically connected with the wire clamping manipulator, and the winding frame is fixedly connected with the eccentric shaft.
Still further, a plurality of first mounting holes and a plurality of first arc-shaped chutes are arranged on the mounting plate, a plurality of second mounting holes and second arc-shaped chutes are arranged on the top plate, wherein the winding displacement motor in the first winding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the mounting plate through a plurality of support columns, the fixing sleeve is arranged on the lower surface of the mounting plate through the first mounting holes corresponding to the positions, the transmission shaft passes through the first mounting holes to be connected with the swing frame, the swing frame slides back and forth along the first arc-shaped chutes corresponding to the positions, the winding displacement motor in the second winding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top plate through a plurality of support columns, the fixing sleeve is arranged on the upper surface of the top plate through the second mounting holes corresponding to the positions, and the transmission shaft passes through the second mounting holes to be connected with the swing frame, the swing frame slides in a reciprocating mode along the second arc-shaped sliding groove corresponding to the position, and an origin switch is further arranged on the mounting plate and the top plate corresponding to the first winding mechanism and the second winding mechanism.
Still further, the first thread hooking mechanism and the second thread hooking mechanism have the same structure, and both comprise a sliding track, a thread hooking motor arranged on the sliding track, and a needle hooking group which is arranged on the sliding track and is in sliding fit with the sliding track, the needle hooking group comprises a mounting frame which is arranged on the sliding track through a transmission chain, and a stepping motor, a spline housing, a ball spline, a needle hooking housing and a needle hooking which are sequentially arranged on the mounting frame from bottom to top, a cushion pad, a fixed ring, a spring and a limit housing are further arranged in the spline housing from bottom to top, an induction sheet and a rotating bearing are further sleeved outside the spline housing, the rotating bearing is arranged between the spline housing and the mounting frame, a groove-shaped photoelectric sensor is further arranged on the mounting frame at a position corresponding to the induction sheet, an induction ring is sleeved on the ball spline, and a proximity switch is further arranged on the mounting frame at a position corresponding to the induction ring, wherein, first crochet hook mechanism is installed on the mounting panel, correspond the crochet hook from last down carries out the crochet hook, second crochet hook mechanism is installed on the roof, correspond the crochet hook is from down up carrying out the crochet hook.
Furthermore, the wire feeding mechanism comprises a wire guide rail fixedly arranged on the top plate, an inclined pushing group fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the top plate and a wire feeding group arranged on the inclined pushing group and in sliding fit with the inclined pushing group, the inclined pushing group comprises an inclined pushing fixed plate, an inclined pushing cylinder arranged on the back of the inclined pushing fixed plate, an inclined pushing slide rail arranged on the front of the inclined pushing fixed plate and an inclined pushing slide block in sliding fit with the inclined pushing slide rail, the wire feeding group comprises a wire feeding mounting plate fixedly arranged on the inclined pushing slide block, a wire feeding motor arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate and a wire guide roller connected with the output end of the wire feeding motor, the wire feeding mounting plate is further provided with the wire pushing group and the wire pressing group, the wire pressing group comprises a wire pressing cylinder fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate, a wire pressing rod with the upper end connected with the output end of the wire pressing cylinder and a roller arranged at the lower end of the wire pressing rod, the wire pressing rod is matched with the wire feeding mounting plate in a rotating manner through a wire pressing rotating shaft, a wire pipe group is further arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate and comprises a first wire pipe, a second wire pipe and a third wire pipe which are arranged in a straight line in the vertical direction, the first wire pipe is arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate and is positioned above the tangent line of the wire roller and the wire pressing roller, the second wire pipe and the third wire pipe are arranged at a certain distance and are connected through a wire connecting piece and are positioned below the tangent line of the wire roller and the wire pressing roller, the wire connecting piece is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate, a guide wheel is further arranged at the bottom of the third wire pipe, a wire feeding and trimming cylinder is further arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate, a wire trimming knife is arranged at the output end of the wire feeding and trimming cylinder, and is positioned between the second wire pipe and the third wire pipe, the wire pushing group comprises a wire pushing fixing frame which is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate and located on one side of the wire feeding trimming cylinder, the wire pushing fixing frame is arranged in a downward inclined mode at a certain angle, a wire pushing cylinder is further arranged on the wire pushing fixing frame, a wire pushing sliding strip is arranged on a pushing shaft of the wire pushing cylinder, the tail end of the wire pushing sliding strip is connected with a second wire clamping cylinder, the output end of the second wire clamping cylinder is connected with a wire clamping block, and the wire clamping block is tightly attached to the front side of the guide wheel in an initial state.
In addition, first line mechanism of dialling with the second is dialled line mechanism structure and is unanimous, all including dial the line motor, with the shaft coupling that the line motor output is connected is dialled, with the line pivot of dialling that the shaft coupling is connected and with dial line pivot fixed connection's dial line carousel lower surface is provided with a plurality of fender line posts, dial and seted up a plurality of line holes of crossing on the line carousel, the shaft coupling top still is provided with cell type switch and response division board, the response division board cover is established dial on the line pivot still be provided with the protection casing on dialling the line motor, the protection casing covers the shaft coupling, and cell type switch corresponds the position and sets up the operation window, wherein, first line mechanism of dialling sets up on the mounting panel, the second is dialled line mechanism and is set up on the roof.
In addition, in the second group of automatic winding module, an auxiliary tail wire clamping mechanism is further arranged between the first winding mechanism and the second winding mechanism, the auxiliary tail wire clamping mechanism comprises a support frame fixedly arranged on the mounting plate, and a first tail wire clamping group, a second tail wire clamping group and a magnetic ring positioning group which are respectively arranged on the support frame, the first tail wire clamping group comprises a tensioning cylinder horizontally arranged on the support frame, a first tail wire clamping cylinder arranged on the output end of the tensioning cylinder, a C-shaped tail wire clamping chute arranged on the first tail wire clamping cylinder, and a tail wire adding block connected with the output end of the first tail wire clamping cylinder and sliding on the C-shaped tail wire clamping chute, the second tail wire clamping group comprises a sliding seat fixedly arranged on the support frame, a second tail wire clamping cylinder arranged on the sliding seat, a first tail wire clamping cylinder and a second tail wire clamping cylinder, The magnetic ring positioning set comprises a magnetic ring pressing cylinder and a magnetic ring pressing block, the magnetic ring pressing cylinder is fixedly arranged on the support frame, the magnetic ring pressing block is connected with the output end of the magnetic ring pressing cylinder, and the position of the magnetic ring pressing block corresponds to that of the material clamping manipulator.
Finally, feed mechanism including fixed setting vibration loading ware on the mounting panel, with the side that the discharge gate of vibration loading ware is connected pushes away the group and with the side pushes away the pay-off group that the group is connected, the side pushes away the group including fixed setting up material loading support on the mounting panel, sets up side push cylinder on the material loading support and with the side pushes away the side push block that the cylinder output is connected, lie in on the material loading support still be provided with detection optic fibre on the side push block one side position, the pay-off group include with the perpendicular pay-off slide rail that sets up of side push block, with pay-off slide rail sliding fit's pay-off slider and setting are in the pay-off cylinder of pay-off slide rail bottom, the pay-off slider with the side push block sets up relatively, the output of pay-off cylinder with the pay-off slider is connected, unloading mechanism is including fixed setting up the unloading support on the mounting panel, A tail wire blanking group and a magnetic ring blanking group which are arranged on the blanking bracket in sequence, wherein the tail wire blanking group comprises a tail wire shearing cylinder, a tail wire shear and a tail wire blanking hopper, the tail line shearing cylinder is fixedly arranged at the foremost end of the blanking bracket through a scissor slide rail, the output end of the tail line shearing cylinder is connected with the tail line scissors, the tail thread scissors are arranged in the scissors slide rails and are in sliding fit with the scissors slide rails, the tail thread feeding hopper is arranged below the tail thread scissors, the front end of the scissors slide rail is also provided with a tail wire guide plate and a space adjusting plate, the magnetic ring blanking group comprises a magnetic ring transplanting cylinder arranged at the tail end of the blanking bracket, a blanking slide block which is connected with the output end of the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder and is in sliding fit with the blanking bracket, and a blanking clamp fixedly arranged on the blanking slide block, and a magnetic ring discharging hopper is also arranged on one side of the discharging support, which is close to the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder.
The invention has the advantages that the full-automatic inductance winding work is carried out by two groups of automatic winding modules arranged on the frame, wherein each group of automatic winding modules comprises a first winding station and a second winding station, a magnetic ring is averagely divided into four parts for winding, and the winding is carried out by different arrangement positions, namely a first winding mechanism, a first wire hooking mechanism and a first wire shifting mechanism in the first winding station are arranged on the mounting plate, a second winding mechanism, a second wire hooking mechanism and a second wire shifting mechanism in the second winding station are arranged on the top plate, so that the winding of two halves of the same wire in opposite directions is realized, the wire is guided and cut by the wire feeding mechanism, the winding of the inductance is completed by the two groups of automatic winding modules, the manual operation is perfectly replaced, the production efficiency and the accuracy of the winding density are greatly improved, the manufacturing quality of the inductor is effectively guaranteed.
The invention also discloses a cross winding method applied to the automatic inductance winding machine, which comprises the following steps of
(1) The feeding mechanism is used for placing a magnetic ring in the clamping manipulator and positioning the magnetic ring at the first winding station through the feeding turntable;
(2) the wire feeding mechanism conveys the metal wire to the upper part of the magnetic ring, the first wire hooking mechanism penetrates through the magnetic ring from bottom to top and pulls the metal wire downwards, the initial position of the first wire winding mechanism is positioned below the transverse central point of the magnetic ring, the metal wire is clamped to wind upwards from the outer side of the magnetic ring to the upper part of the magnetic ring, a circle of winding is completed, and the first wire hooking mechanism records the wire hooking times;
(3) when the first winding mechanism finishes winding for each circle, the first winding mechanism slides clockwise one grid from the center position along the radian of the magnetic ring until the winding process of one fourth of the magnetic ring is finished, and the feeding turntable rotates and sends the magnetic ring to a second winding station;
(4) the second wire hooking mechanism penetrates through the magnetic ring from top to bottom and pulls the metal wire upwards, the wire feeding mechanism breaks the metal wire at the moment, the initial position of the second wire winding mechanism is positioned above the transverse central point of the magnetic ring, the metal wire is clamped and wound from the outer side of the magnetic ring to the lower side of the magnetic ring from bottom to top, a circle of winding is completed, and the second wire hooking mechanism records the wire hooking times;
(5) each second winding mechanism finishes winding once, and the second winding mechanism slides anticlockwise for one grid from the central position along the radian of the magnetic ring until the winding process of a quarter part of the magnetic ring is finished, so that the half winding process of the magnetic ring is finished;
(6) and the feeding turntable rotates and sends the magnetic ring to another group of automatic winding modules, the steps from 2 to 5 are repeated to finish the winding process of the other half of the magnetic ring, and finally, tail wire treatment and blanking are carried out by the blanking mechanism to finish the whole cross winding process.
The winding method has the beneficial effects that: according to the method, a first winding station and a second winding station in two groups of automatic winding modules are utilized, four groups of winding stations are used, a magnetic ring is averagely divided into four winding parts for automatic winding, each group of automatic winding modules uses one wire to wind two stations without frequent wire replacement, when the first winding station winds the wire, a first winding mechanism winds the wire from the center line of the magnetic ring from bottom to top clockwise, and when the second winding station winds the wire, a second winding mechanism winds the wire from top to bottom anticlockwise, so that the condition that the same wire in a cross winding method is divided into two and half windings and the winding directions are opposite is met, and the mechanical automatic inductance cross winding function is achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the feed rotor;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the first winding mechanism (the second winding mechanism);
fig. 5 is an exploded schematic view of the first winding mechanism (the second winding mechanism);
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the first thread hooking mechanism (the second thread hooking mechanism);
fig. 7 is an exploded schematic view of the first thread hooking mechanism (the second thread hooking mechanism);
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of the wire feeding mechanism;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged schematic view of B in FIG. 8;
fig. 10 is an exploded schematic view of the first wire setting mechanism (the second wire setting mechanism);
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of the auxiliary tail clamping mechanism;
FIG. 12 is an exploded view of the auxiliary clip tail mechanism;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of the feeding mechanism;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of the blanking mechanism;
fig. 15 is an exploded schematic view of the blanking mechanism.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the present invention includes a rack 1 and a control panel 3 disposed on a top plate 2 of the rack 1, a feeding turntable 5 is rotatably disposed on a mounting plate 4 of the rack 1, a feeding mechanism, at least one set of automatic winding module and a discharging mechanism are sequentially disposed on the mounting plate 4 around the feeding turntable 5, the automatic winding module includes a first winding station and a second winding station, a plurality of material clamping manipulators 6 are disposed on the feeding turntable 5, the positions of the material clamping manipulators 6 correspond to the feeding mechanism, the at least one set of automatic winding module and the discharging mechanism, and the control panel 3 is electrically connected to the feeding turntable 5, the feeding mechanism, the at least one set of automatic winding module, the discharging mechanism and the material clamping manipulators 6.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, in this embodiment, two sets of automatic winding modules are disposed on the mounting plate 4 around the feeding turntable 5, wherein the first winding station includes a first winding mechanism 7 slidably disposed on the top plate 2, a first wire hooking mechanism 8 fixedly disposed on the mounting plate 4 and corresponding to the position of the material clamping manipulator 6, and a wire feeding mechanism 9 fixedly disposed on the top plate 2 and corresponding to the vertical direction of the first wire hooking mechanism 8, a first wire shifting mechanism 10 is further rotatably disposed on the mounting plate 4 below the first winding mechanism 7, the first wire hooking mechanism 7 can pass through the first wire shifting mechanism 10 from bottom to top, and the second winding station includes a second winding mechanism 11 slidably disposed on the mounting plate 4, a second wire hooking mechanism 12 fixedly disposed on the top plate 2 and corresponding to the position of the material clamping manipulator 6, and a second wire hooking mechanism 12 rotatably disposed on the top plate 2 and corresponding to the position of the material clamping manipulator 6 And a second wire pulling mechanism 13 positioned above the second wire winding mechanism 11 is further provided with a first tail wire clamp 14 at a position below the material clamping manipulator 6.
The first winding mechanism 7 and the second winding mechanism 11 have the same structure and both comprise a transmission group and a winding group, the transmission group comprises a winding displacement motor 71, a driving synchronous wheel 72 connected with the output end of the winding displacement motor 71, a driven synchronous wheel 74 connected with the driving synchronous wheel 71 through a first transmission belt 73, a transmission shaft 75 connected with the driven synchronous wheel 74 and a fixed sleeve 76, the transmission shaft 75 is arranged in the fixed sleeve 76 in a penetrating manner, a plurality of bearings 77 are arranged between the transmission shaft 75 and the fixed sleeve 76, a plurality of support columns 78 are further arranged at the bottom of the winding displacement motor 71, the winding group comprises a swing frame 110 fixedly connected with the transmission shaft 75, a winding motor 111 fixedly arranged on the swing frame 110, a double transmission wheel 113 connected with the winding motor 111 through a second transmission belt 112 and a winding manipulator connected with the double transmission wheel 113, the winding machine is characterized in that an eccentric shaft 114 is arranged on the double driving wheel 113, a double C-shaped chute 115 is arranged at a position, corresponding to the double driving wheel 113, of the swing frame 110, the eccentric shaft 114 penetrates through the double C-shaped chute 115 to be connected with the winding machine manipulator, the winding machine manipulator comprises a winding frame 116, a wire clamping manipulator 117 arranged on the winding frame 116 and a first wire clamping cylinder 118 fixedly arranged on the winding frame 116 and pneumatically connected with the wire clamping manipulator 117, and the winding frame 116 is fixedly connected with the eccentric shaft 114.
A plurality of first mounting holes 41 and a plurality of first arc-shaped sliding grooves 42 are arranged on the mounting plate 4, a plurality of second mounting holes 21 and a plurality of second arc-shaped sliding grooves 22 are arranged on the top plate 2, wherein the flat cable motor 71 in the first winding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the mounting plate 4 through a plurality of supporting pillars 78, the fixing sleeve 76 is arranged on the lower surface of the mounting plate 4 through the first mounting holes 41 corresponding to the positions, the transmission shaft 75 passes through the first mounting holes 41 to be connected with the swing frame 110, the swing frame 110 slides back and forth along the first arc-shaped sliding grooves 42 corresponding to the positions, the flat cable motor 71 in the second winding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the top plate 2 through a plurality of supporting pillars 78, and the fixing sleeve 76 is arranged on the upper surface of the top plate 2 through the second mounting holes 21 corresponding to the positions, the transmission shaft 75 passes through the second mounting hole 21 to be connected to the swing frame 110, the swing frame 110 slides back and forth along the second arc-shaped sliding groove 22 corresponding to the position, and an origin switch 119 is further disposed on the mounting plate 4 and the top plate 22 at the position corresponding to the first winding mechanism and the second winding mechanism.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the first thread hooking mechanism 8 and the second thread hooking mechanism 12 have the same structure, and each of the first thread hooking mechanism and the second thread hooking mechanism includes a sliding rail 80, a thread hooking motor 81 disposed on the sliding rail 80, and a thread hooking group disposed on the sliding rail 80 and in sliding fit therewith, the thread hooking group includes a mounting bracket 83 disposed on the sliding rail 80 via a transmission chain 82, and a stepping motor 84, a spline housing 85, a ball spline 86, a needle housing 87, and a needle 88 sequentially disposed on the mounting bracket 83 from bottom to top, a cushion pad 120, a fixing ring 121, a spring 122, and a position limiting housing 123 are further disposed in the spline housing 85 from bottom to top, a sensing piece 124 and a rotating bearing 125 are further sleeved outside the spline housing 85, the rotating bearing 125 is disposed between the spline housing 85 and the mounting bracket 83, a groove-shaped photoelectric piece 126 is further disposed on the mounting bracket 83 at a position corresponding to the sensing piece 124, ball spline 86 is gone up the cover and is equipped with induction coil 127 on the mounting bracket 83 with induction coil 127 corresponds and still is provided with proximity switch 128 on the position, wherein, first crochet hook mechanism 8 is installed on mounting panel 4, correspond crochet hook 88 from last down carries out the crochet hook, second crochet hook mechanism 12 is installed on roof 2, correspond crochet hook 88 from down up carrying out the crochet hook. In the present invention, the initial setting positions of the induction coil 127 and the proximity switch 128 are staggered, when the hooking operation is performed, when the hooking needle group slides on the sliding track 80, if the hooking needle 88 is hooked empty, the proximity switch 128 cannot induce the induction coil 127, the device sends out an alarm sound, the direction of the hooking needle 88 is adjusted by manually controlling the stepping motor 84, the device is aligned with the enameled wire, and the hooking operation is performed again, after the enameled wire is hooked in the hooking needle 88, due to the pulling force of the enameled wire on the hooking needle 88, the stroke of the sliding of the ball spline 86 relative to the mounting bracket 83 under the action of the spring 122 is deviated, so that the induction coil 127 is aligned with the proximity switch 128, the induction coil 127 records, and when the number of times of hooking is recorded by the induction coil 127 reaches a preset value, the device completes the number of winding turns required by the winding process, in this embodiment, the bumper pad 120 and the spring 122 also provide protection against damage to internal components during hooking.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the wire feeding mechanism 9 includes a wire rail 90 fixedly disposed on the top plate 2, an inclined pushing set fixedly disposed on the lower surface of the top plate 2, and a wire feeding set disposed on the inclined pushing set and slidably engaged with the inclined pushing set, the inclined pushing set includes an inclined pushing fixing plate 91, an inclined pushing cylinder 92 disposed on the back of the inclined pushing fixing plate 91, an inclined pushing slide rail 93 disposed on the front of the inclined pushing fixing plate 91, and an inclined pushing slide block 94 slidably engaged with the inclined pushing slide rail 93, the wire feeding set includes a wire feeding mounting plate 95 fixedly disposed on the inclined pushing slide block 94, a wire feeding motor 96 disposed on the wire feeding mounting plate 95, and a wire roller 97 connected to an output end of the wire feeding motor 96, a wire pushing set and a wire pressing set are further disposed on the wire feeding mounting plate 95, and the wire pressing set includes a wire pressing cylinder 98 fixedly disposed on the wire feeding mounting plate 95, A wire pressing rod 99 with the upper end connected with the output end of the wire pressing cylinder 98, and a wire pressing roller 990 arranged at the lower end of the wire pressing rod 99, wherein the wire pressing rod 99 is rotatably matched with the wire feeding mounting plate 95 through a wire pressing rotating shaft 991, the wire feeding mounting plate 95 is further provided with a wire pipe group, the wire pipe group comprises a first wire pipe 992, a second wire pipe 993 and a third wire pipe 994 which are arranged in a straight line in the vertical direction, the first wire pipe 992 is arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate 95 and is positioned above the tangent line of the wire roller 97 and the wire pressing roller 990, the second wire pipe 993 and the third wire pipe 994 are arranged at a certain distance and are connected through a wire connecting piece 995 and are positioned below the tangent line of the wire roller 97 and the wire pressing roller 990, the wire connecting piece 995 is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate 95, a guide wheel 996 is arranged at the bottom of the third conduit 994, a thread feeding and trimming cylinder 997 is arranged on the thread feeding mounting plate 95, a thread cutting knife 998 is arranged at the output end of the thread feeding and cutting cylinder 997, the thread cutting knife 998 is positioned between the second conduit 993 and the third conduit 994, the wire pushing group comprises a wire pushing fixing frame 950 which is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate 95 and is positioned on one side of the wire feeding and trimming cylinder 997, the wire pushing fixing frame 950 is obliquely arranged in a certain angle in a downward way, a wire pushing cylinder 951 is further arranged on the wire pushing fixing frame 950, a wire pushing sliding strip 952 is arranged on a pushing shaft of the wire pushing cylinder 951, the tail end of the wire pushing sliding strip 952 is connected with a second wire clamping cylinder 953, the output end of the second wire clamping cylinder 953 is connected with a wire clamping block 954, and the wire clamping block 954 clings to the front of the guide wheel 996 in an initial state.
As shown in fig. 10, the first wire-dialing mechanism 10 and the second wire-dialing mechanism 13 are identical and each include a wire-dialing motor 100, a coupler 101 connected to an output end of the wire-dialing motor 100, a wire-dialing rotating shaft 102 connected to the coupler 101, and a wire-dialing rotating disc 103 fixedly connected to the wire-dialing rotating shaft 102, a plurality of thread blocking columns 104 are arranged on the lower surface of the thread shifting turntable 103, a plurality of thread through holes 105 are arranged on the thread shifting turntable 103, a groove-shaped switch 106 and an induction separation plate 107 are arranged above the coupler 101, the induction separation plate 107 is sleeved on the wire-shifting rotating shaft 102, the wire-pulling motor 100 is further provided with a protective cover 108, the protective cover 108 covers the coupler 101, an operation window 109 is arranged at a position corresponding to the groove-shaped switch 106, wherein, the first wire-shifting mechanism 10 is arranged on the mounting plate 4, and the second wire-shifting mechanism 13 is arranged on the top plate 2. In this embodiment, the protective cover 108 protects the internal components such as the coupler 101, the inductive separating plate 107 and the slot switch 106, and avoids that an overlong tail wire is wound into the internal components and wound to damage equipment in the wire dialing process.
As shown in fig. 11 and 12, in the second group of the automatic winding module, an auxiliary tail clamping mechanism is further disposed between the first winding mechanism 7 and the second winding mechanism 11, the auxiliary tail clamping mechanism includes a supporting frame 17 fixedly disposed on the mounting plate 4, and a first tail clamping set, a second tail clamping set and a magnetic ring positioning set respectively disposed on the supporting frame 17, the first tail clamping set includes a tensioning cylinder 171 horizontally disposed on the supporting frame 17, a first tail clamping cylinder 172 disposed on an output end of the tensioning cylinder 171, a C-shaped tail clamping chute 173 disposed on the first tail clamping cylinder 172, and a tail clamping block 174 connected to an output end of the first tail clamping cylinder 172 and sliding on the C-shaped tail clamping chute 173, and the second tail clamping set includes a sliding seat 175, a sliding seat, a, The magnetic ring positioning set comprises a second tail wire clamping cylinder 176 arranged on the sliding seat 175 and a positioning column 177 arranged on the sliding seat 175, a first clamping block 178 is arranged at one end, away from the sliding seat 175, of the positioning column 177, an output shaft of the second tail wire clamping cylinder 176 penetrates through the first clamping block 178, a second clamping block 179 is arranged at the tail end of the output shaft, the magnetic ring positioning set comprises a magnetic ring pressing cylinder 180 fixedly arranged on the supporting frame 17 and a magnetic ring pressing block 181 connected with the output end of the magnetic ring pressing cylinder 180, and the position of the magnetic ring pressing block 181 corresponds to the material clamping manipulator 6. And a tail wire straightening mechanism is also arranged between the two groups of automatic winding modules, when the feeding turntable 5 transmits the magnetic ring and passes through the tail wire straightening mechanism, a brush on the tail wire straightening mechanism straightens the tail wire of the magnetic ring in the horizontal direction, so that the tail wire and a new wire are prevented from being mixed together in the next winding.
As shown in fig. 13, 14 and 15, the feeding mechanism 15 includes a vibrating feeder 150 fixedly disposed on the mounting plate 4, a side pushing set connected to a discharge port 151 of the vibrating feeder 150, and a feeding set connected to the side pushing set, the side pushing set includes a feeding bracket 152 fixedly disposed on the mounting plate 4, a side pushing cylinder 153 disposed on the feeding bracket 152, and a side pushing block 154 connected to an output end of the side pushing cylinder 153, a detection optical fiber 155 is further disposed on the feeding bracket 152 at a position on one side of the side pushing block 154, the feeding set includes a feeding slide rail 155 disposed perpendicular to the side pushing block 154, a feeding slide block 156 slidably engaged with the feeding slide rail 155, and a feeding cylinder 157 disposed at a bottom of the feeding slide rail 155, the feeding slide block 156 is disposed opposite to the side pushing block 154, the output end of the feeding cylinder 157 is connected with the feeding slider 156, the blanking mechanism 16 includes a blanking support 160 fixedly arranged on the mounting plate 4, and a tail line blanking group and a magnetic ring blanking group which are sequentially arranged on the blanking support 160, the tail line blanking group includes a tail line shearing cylinder 161, tail line scissors 162 and a tail line blanking hopper 163, the tail line shearing cylinder 161 is fixedly arranged at the foremost end of the blanking support 160 through a scissors slide rail 164, the output end of the tail line shearing cylinder 161 is connected with the tail line scissors 162, the tail line scissors 162 are arranged in the scissors slide rail 164 and are in sliding fit with the scissors slide rail 164, the tail line blanking hopper 163 is arranged below the tail line scissors 162, a tail line guide plate 165 and a space adjusting plate 166 are further arranged at the front end of the scissors slide rail 164, the blanking group includes a magnetic ring transplanting cylinder 167, a magnetic ring transplanting cylinder, a magnetic ring adjusting plate 166, and a magnetic ring shifting plate are arranged at the tail end of the blanking support 160, A blanking slide block 168 connected with the output end of the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder 167 and in sliding fit with the blanking bracket 160, and a blanking clamp 169 fixedly arranged on the blanking slide block 168, wherein a magnetic ring blanking hopper 19 is further arranged on one side of the blanking bracket 160 close to the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder 167. In this embodiment, the front end of the feeding slider 156 is designed to be L-shaped, and when the magnetic ring is pushed into the feeding slider 156, a half of the magnetic ring is suspended due to the L-shaped design, so that the clamping manipulator 6 can clamp the magnetic ring conveniently.
The invention also discloses a cross winding method applied to the inductor winding machine, which comprises the following specific steps:
(1) the feeding mechanism 15 is started, the vibrating feeder 150 vibrates for feeding, and transfers a magnetic ring to the feeding support 152, when the detection optical fiber 155 detects a magnetic ring, the side push cylinder 153 is started to drive the side push block 154 to push the magnetic ring to the feed slide block 156, the feed cylinder 157 is started, the feed slide block 156 slides in the feed slide rail 155 to be located in a corresponding position of the material clamping manipulator 6, and the material clamping manipulator 6 clamps the magnetic ring and is located at the first winding station through the feed turntable 5;
(2) the wire feeding mechanism 9 conveys a metal wire to the position above the magnetic ring, the wire feeding motor 96 is started, the wire feeding roller 97 transmits an enameled wire drawn on the wire guide rail 90 to the front end of the wire clamping block 954 through the wire pipe group, at the moment, the second wire clamping cylinder 953 is started, the wire clamping block 954 is controlled to clamp the enameled wire and then pushed out by the wire pushing cylinder 951 to an inclined lower side for a certain distance, the inclined pushing cylinder 92 is started, and the enameled wire is adjusted to be right above the magnetic ring;
(3) the winding displacement motor 71 is started, the winding manipulator is moved to a position corresponding to a symmetry line of a magnetic ring, the thread hooking motor 81 is started to control the needle hooking group to slide from bottom to top on the sliding rail 80, the needle hooking 88 penetrates through the thread passing hole 105 and reaches the height of an enameled wire, the stepping motor 84 is started at this time, the needle hooking 88 is integrally pulled down after rotating to an angle capable of hooking the thread, the induction sheet 124, the induction coil 127 and the groove-shaped photoelectric 126 jointly form a pressure induction assembly, when the tension of the needle hooking 88 is fed back, the needle hooking 88 is proved to be successful, when the tension is not changed, the stepping motor 84 continuously adjusts the angle of the needle hooking 88 until the thread hooking is successful, after the thread hooking is pulled down, the first thread clamping cylinder 118 is started to control the thread clamping manipulator 117 to clamp the enameled wire, the needle hooking 88 rotates to be separated from the thread body, the winding motor 111 is started, the wire clamping mechanical hand 117 slides upwards along the double-C-shaped sliding groove 115, the wire clamping mechanical hand firstly winds the outer side of the magnetic ring from bottom to top, the crochet hook 88 repeatedly hooks the wire body again, the wire clamping mechanical hand 117 resets, the crochet hook 88 pulls downwards to complete a circle of winding, and when the winding is completed for each circle, the wire arranging motor 71 controls the winding mechanical hand to step clockwise one grid until the winding process of a quarter part of the magnetic ring is completed, wherein when the crochet hook 88 pulls the wire once, the wire shifting turntable 103 rotates once, and the tail wire is shifted through the wire blocking column 104 to avoid winding;
(4) the feeding turntable 5 is started, a magnetic ring is conveyed to the second winding station, the winding displacement motor 71 is started, the winding manipulator is moved to a position corresponding to the symmetry line of the magnetic ring, the hook wire motor 81 is started to control the hook needle group to slide from top to bottom on the sliding rail 80, the hook needle 88 penetrates through the wire passing hole 105 and reaches the position of an enameled wire, at the moment, the stepping motor 84 is started, the hook needle 88 integrally pulls the wire upwards after rotating to an angle capable of hooking the wire, the induction sheet 124, the induction coil 127 and the groove-shaped photoelectric 126 jointly form a pressure induction assembly, when the pulling force of the hook needle 88 is fed back, the hook needle 88 successfully hooks the wire, when the pulling force is not changed, the stepping motor 84 continuously adjusts the angle of the hook needle 88 until the wire is successfully hooked, and after the wire pressing cylinder 98 is pulled upwards, the wire pressing roller 990 is tightly pressed on the wire guiding roller 97 to clamp the enameled wire, at this time, the wire cutting cylinder 997 is started to control the wire cutting knife 998 to cut the wire, the first wire clamping cylinder 118 is started to control the wire clamping manipulator 117 to clamp the enameled wire, the crochet hook 88 rotates to separate from the wire body, the winding motor 111 is started, the wire clamping manipulator 117 slides downwards along the double-C-shaped sliding groove 115 and winds the wire on the magnetic ring from top to bottom outside the magnetic ring, the crochet hook 88 repeatedly acts to hook the wire body again, the wire clamping manipulator 117 resets, the crochet hook 88 is pulled upwards to complete one circle of winding, the winding motor 71 controls the winding manipulator to step one grid anticlockwise every time when one circle of winding is completed, until one quarter of the winding process of the magnetic ring is completed, wherein the wire pulling rotary disc 103 rotates once when the crochet hook 88 pulls one time, the tail wire is pulled out through the wire blocking column 104, so that the wire winding is avoided;
(5) the feeding tray 5 conveys the magnetic rings which finish the half-side winding process into a second group of automatic winding modules, a brush arranged on the tail wire straightening mechanism between the two groups of automatic winding modules straightens the tail wires of the magnetic rings in the horizontal direction, so that the tail wires and the new wires are prevented from being mixed together when winding next time, and the two steps (3) and (4) are repeated to finish the other half-side winding process;
(6) the feeding turntable 5 rotates a magnetic ring completing winding to a position corresponding to the blanking structure 16, at the moment, the material clamping manipulator 6 extends to the blanking clamp 169, in the process, the tail line guide plate 165 and the spacing adjusting plate 166 straighten the tail line in the horizontal direction, the tail line shearing cylinder 161 is started to control the tail line scissors 162 to shear off the redundant tail line, the sheared tail line slides down from the tail line blanking hopper 163 to be collected, the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder 167 is started, the blanking slider 168 drives the blanking clamp 169 to pull back to the position of the magnetic ring blanking hopper 19, and the blanking clamp 169 is loosened to perform blanking.
The number of winding turns is recorded by the induction coil 127 in the winding process, after the crochet hook 88 successfully hooks the enameled wire, the ball spline 86 stretches the spring 122 due to the resistance fed back to the crochet hook 88 by the enameled wire, so that the induction coil 127 and the proximity switch 126 are aligned due to a certain stroke difference, at the moment, the number of winding turns is recorded by the induction coil 127 once, and when the number of winding turns reaches a preset value, the winding work is finished.
Finally, it should be emphasized that the above-described preferred embodiments of the present invention are merely examples of implementations, rather than limitations, and that many variations and modifications of the invention are possible to those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an inductance automatic coil winding machine, it includes frame (1), sets up control panel (3) on frame (1) roof (2), its characterized in that: rotate on frame (1) mounting panel (4) and be provided with pay-off carousel (5) center on mounting panel (4) pay-off carousel (5) have set gradually feed mechanism (15), at least a set of automatic wire winding module and unloading mechanism (16), automatic wire winding module includes first wire winding station and second wire winding station, be provided with a plurality of material manipulator (6) of pressing from both sides on pay-off carousel (5), press from both sides set up the position of material manipulator (6) with feed mechanism (15), at least a set of automatic wire winding module and unloading mechanism (16) are corresponding, control panel (3) with pay-off carousel (5) feed mechanism (15), at least a set of automatic wire winding module unloading mechanism (16) and press from both sides material manipulator (6) electricity and connect.
2. The automatic winding machine of claim 1, wherein: encircle on mounting panel (4) pay-off carousel (5) are provided with two sets of automatic wire winding module, wherein, first wire winding station is in including sliding setting first wire winding mechanism (7), the fixed setting on roof (2) are in on mounting panel (4) and with press from both sides the corresponding first wire hooking mechanism (8) in material manipulator (6) position and fixed setting and be in on roof (2) and with send line mechanism (9) that first wire hooking mechanism (8) vertical direction corresponds lie in on mounting panel (4) first wire winding mechanism (7) below still rotates and is provided with first wire winding mechanism (10) of dialling, first wire winding mechanism (7) can be from up passing first wire winding mechanism (10) of dialling, second wire winding station is in including sliding setting second wire winding mechanism (11) on mounting panel (4), The wire clamping device is characterized in that a second wire hooking mechanism (12) which is fixedly arranged on the top plate (2) and corresponds to the position of the material clamping mechanical arm (6) and a second wire shifting mechanism (13) which is rotatably arranged on the top plate (2) and is positioned above the second wire winding mechanism (11) are further provided with a first tail wire clamp (14) at the position below the material clamping mechanical arm (6).
3. The automatic winding machine of claim 2, wherein: first winding mechanism (7) with the structure of second winding mechanism (11) is unanimous, all includes transmission group and winding group, transmission group includes winding displacement motor (71), with initiative synchronizing wheel (72) that winding displacement motor (71) output is connected, through first drive belt (73) with driven synchronizing wheel (74) that initiative synchronizing wheel (71) is connected, with transmission shaft (75) and fixed cover (76) that driven synchronizing wheel (74) are connected, transmission shaft (75) pierce through to be set up in fixed cover (76), just transmission shaft (75) with be provided with a plurality of bearings (77) between fixed cover (76) winding displacement motor (71) bottom still is provided with a plurality of support columns (78), winding group including with swing span (110) of transmission shaft (75) fixed connection, fixed setting are in winding motor (111) on swing span (110), The winding machine comprises a winding motor (111), a double-transmission wheel (113) and a winding manipulator, wherein the double-transmission wheel (113) is connected with the winding motor (111) through a second transmission belt (112), the winding manipulator is connected with the double-transmission wheel (113), an eccentric shaft (114) is arranged on the double-transmission wheel (113), a double-C-shaped sliding groove (115) is arranged in the position, corresponding to the double-transmission wheel (113), of a swing frame (110), the eccentric shaft (114) penetrates through the double-C-shaped sliding groove (115) to be connected with the winding manipulator, the winding manipulator comprises a winding frame (116), a wire clamping manipulator (117) arranged on the winding frame (116) and a first wire clamping cylinder (118) fixedly arranged on the winding frame (116) and pneumatically connected with the wire clamping manipulator (117), and the winding frame (116) is fixedly connected with the eccentric shaft (114).
4. The automatic winding machine of claim 3, wherein: be provided with a plurality of first mounting holes (41) and a plurality of first arc spout (42) on mounting panel (4) be provided with a plurality of second mounting hole (21) and second arc spout (22) on roof (2), wherein, among the first wire winding mechanism winding displacement motor (71) through a plurality of support column (78) fixed the setting is in mounting panel (4) lower surface, fixed cover (76) pass through the position corresponding first mounting hole (41) set up mounting panel (4) lower surface, transmission shaft (75) pass first mounting hole (41) with swing span (110) link to each other, swing span (110) correspond along the position first arc spout (42) reciprocating sliding, among the second wire winding mechanism winding displacement motor (71) through a plurality of support column (78) fixed the setting is in roof (2) upper surface, fixed cover (76) correspond through the position second mounting hole (21) set up roof (2) upper surface, transmission shaft (75) pass second mounting hole (21) with swing span (110) link to each other, swing span (110) correspond along the position second arc spout (22) reciprocal slip mounting panel (4) with on roof (22) with first winding mechanism with still be provided with origin switch (119) on the corresponding position of second winding mechanism.
5. The automatic winding machine of claim 2, wherein: first crochet hook mechanism (8) with second crochet hook mechanism (12) structure is unanimous, all includes slip track (80), sets up crochet hook motor (81) and setting on slip track (80) are in slip track (80) are gone up and rather than sliding fit's crochet hook group, crochet hook group is including setting up mounting bracket (83) on slip track (80) and from bottom to top set gradually step motor (84), spline housing (85), ball spline (86), crochet hook cover (87) and crochet hook (88) on mounting bracket (83) spline housing (85) from bottom to top still be provided with blotter (120), retainer plate (121), spring (122) and stop collar (123) in spline housing (85) still cover outside the spline housing (85) is equipped with induction sheet (124) and rolling bearing (125), rolling bearing (125) set up in spline housing (85) with between mounting bracket (83), mounting bracket (83) go up with response piece (124) correspond and still be provided with cell type photoelectricity (126) on the position ball spline (86) go up the cover and are equipped with induction coil (127) on mounting bracket (83) with induction coil (127) correspond and still be provided with proximity switch (128) on the position, wherein, first crochet hook mechanism (8) are installed on mounting panel (4), correspond crochet hook (88) are from last down carry out the crochet hook, second crochet hook mechanism (12) are installed on roof (2), correspond crochet hook (88) are from down up carrying out the crochet hook.
6. The automatic winding machine of claim 2, wherein: the wire feeding mechanism (9) comprises a wire guide rail (90) fixedly arranged on the top plate (2), an inclined pushing group fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the top plate (2) and a wire feeding group arranged on the inclined pushing group and in sliding fit with the inclined pushing group, wherein the inclined pushing group comprises an inclined pushing fixing plate (91), an inclined pushing cylinder (92) arranged on the back surface of the inclined pushing fixing plate (91), an inclined pushing slide rail (93) arranged on the front surface of the inclined pushing fixing plate (91) and an inclined pushing slide block (94) in sliding fit with the inclined pushing slide rail (93), the wire feeding group comprises a wire feeding mounting plate (95) fixedly arranged on the inclined pushing slide block (94), a wire feeding motor (96) arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95) and a wire roller (97) connected with the output end of the wire feeding motor (96), and a pushing and pressing wire group is further arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95), the wire pressing group comprises a wire pressing cylinder (98) fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95), a wire pressing rod (99) with the upper end connected with the output end of the wire pressing cylinder (98), and a wire pressing roller (990) arranged at the lower end of the wire pressing rod (99), the wire pressing rod (99) is in running fit with the wire feeding mounting plate (95) through a wire pressing rotating shaft (991), a wire pipe group is further arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95), the wire comprises a first wire guide pipe (992), a second wire guide pipe (993) and a third wire guide pipe (994) which are arranged in a straight line in the vertical direction, the first wire guide pipe (992) is arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95) and is positioned above the tangent line of the wire pressing roller (990) and the wire pressing roller (97), the second wire guide pipe (993) and the third wire guide pipe (994) are arranged at a certain distance, the wire pushing and trimming device is characterized by further comprising a wire connecting piece (995), the wire connecting piece (995) is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95), a guide wheel (996) is further arranged at the bottom of the third wire pipe (994), a wire feeding and trimming cylinder (997) is further arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95), a wire trimming knife (998) is arranged at the output end of the wire feeding and trimming cylinder (997), the wire trimming knife (998) is positioned between the second wire pipe (993) and the third wire pipe (994), the wire pushing group comprises a wire pushing fixing frame (950) which is fixedly arranged on the wire feeding mounting plate (95) and positioned on one side of the wire feeding and trimming cylinder (997), the wire pushing fixing frame (950) is obliquely arranged at a certain angle in a downward manner, and a wire pushing cylinder (951) is further arranged on the wire pushing fixing frame (950), the push shaft of the push wire cylinder (951) is provided with a push wire sliding strip (952), the tail end of the push wire sliding strip (952) is connected with a second wire clamping cylinder (953), the output end of the second wire clamping cylinder (953) is connected with a wire clamping block (954), and the wire clamping block (954) is tightly attached to the front of the guide wheel (996) in an initial state.
7. The automatic winding machine of claim 2, wherein: the first wire shifting mechanism (10) and the second wire shifting mechanism (13) are consistent in structure and respectively comprise a wire shifting motor (100), a coupler (101) connected with the output end of the wire shifting motor (100), a wire shifting rotating shaft (102) connected with the coupler (101) and a wire shifting turntable (103) fixedly connected with the wire shifting rotating shaft (102), a plurality of wire blocking columns (104) are arranged on the lower surface of the wire shifting turntable (103), a plurality of wire passing holes (105) are formed in the wire shifting turntable (103), a groove type switch (106) and an induction partition plate (107) are further arranged above the coupler (101), the induction partition plate (107) is sleeved on the wire shifting rotating shaft (102), a protective cover (108) is further arranged on the wire shifting motor (100), the protective cover (108) covers the coupler (101), and an operation window (109) is formed in a position corresponding to the groove type switch (106), the first wire shifting mechanism (10) is arranged on the mounting plate (4), and the second wire shifting mechanism (13) is arranged on the top plate (2).
8. The automatic winding machine of claim 2, wherein: in the second group of automatic winding modules, an auxiliary tail wire clamping mechanism is further arranged between the first winding mechanism (7) and the second winding mechanism (11), the auxiliary tail wire clamping mechanism comprises a support frame (17) fixedly arranged on the mounting plate (4), and a first tail wire clamping group, a second tail wire clamping group and a magnetic ring positioning group which are respectively arranged on the support frame (17), the first tail wire clamping group comprises a tensioning cylinder (171) horizontally arranged on the support frame (17), a first tail wire clamping cylinder (172) arranged on the output end of the tensioning cylinder (171), a C-shaped tail wire clamping sliding groove (173) arranged on the first tail wire clamping cylinder (172), and a tail wire adding block (174) connected with the output end of the first tail wire clamping cylinder (172) and sliding on the C-shaped tail wire clamping sliding groove (173), and the second tail wire clamping group comprises a sliding seat (175) fixedly arranged on the support frame (17), The magnetic ring positioning group comprises a second tail wire clamping cylinder (176) arranged on the sliding seat (175), and a positioning column (177) arranged on the sliding seat (175), wherein one end, far away from the sliding seat (175), of the positioning column (177) is provided with a first clamping block (178), an output shaft of the second tail wire clamping cylinder (176) penetrates through the first clamping block (178), a second clamping block (179) is arranged at the tail end of the output shaft, the magnetic ring positioning group comprises a magnetic ring pressing cylinder (180) fixedly arranged on the supporting frame (17) and a magnetic ring pressing block (181) connected with the output end of the magnetic ring pressing cylinder (180), and the position of the magnetic ring pressing block (181) corresponds to the clamping manipulator (6).
9. The automatic winding machine of claim 1, wherein: the feeding mechanism (15) comprises a vibrating feeder (150) fixedly arranged on the mounting plate (4), a side pushing group connected with a discharge port (151) of the vibrating feeder (150) and a feeding group connected with the side pushing group, the side pushing group comprises a feeding support (152) fixedly arranged on the mounting plate (4), a side pushing cylinder (153) arranged on the feeding support (152) and a side pushing block (154) connected with an output end of the side pushing cylinder (153), a detection optical fiber (155) is further arranged on the feeding support (152) and positioned on one side of the side pushing block (154), the feeding group comprises a feeding slide rail (155) vertically arranged with the side pushing block (154), a feeding slide block (156) in sliding fit with the feeding slide rail (155) and a feeding cylinder (157) arranged at the bottom of the feeding slide rail (155), the feeding sliding block (156) and the side pushing block (154) are arranged oppositely, the output end of the feeding air cylinder (157) is connected with the feeding sliding block (156), the blanking mechanism (16) comprises a blanking support (160) fixedly arranged on the mounting plate (4), a tail wire blanking group and a magnetic ring blanking group which are sequentially arranged on the blanking support (160), the tail wire blanking group comprises a tail wire shearing air cylinder (161), tail wire scissors (162) and a tail wire blanking hopper (163), the tail wire shearing air cylinder (161) is fixedly arranged at the foremost end of the blanking support (160) through a scissors sliding rail (164), the output end of the tail wire shearing air cylinder (161) is connected with the tail wire scissors (162), the tail wire scissors (162) are arranged in the scissors sliding rail (164) and are in sliding fit with the scissors sliding rail, the tail wire blanking hopper (163) is arranged below the tail wire scissors (162), the front end of the scissors sliding rail (164) is further provided with a tail guide plate (165) and a spacing adjusting plate (166), the magnetic ring blanking group comprises a magnetic ring transplanting cylinder (167) arranged at the tail end of the blanking support (160), a blanking slide block (168) which is connected with the output end of the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder (167) and is in sliding fit with the blanking support (160), and a blanking clamp (169) fixedly arranged on the blanking slide block (168), and a magnetic ring blanking hopper (19) is further arranged on one side, close to the magnetic ring transplanting cylinder (167), of the blanking support (160).
10. An inductance cross winding method applied to an inductance automatic winding machine is characterized in that:
the feeding mechanism (15) is used for placing a magnetic ring in the clamping manipulator (6) and positioning the magnetic ring at the first winding station through the feeding turntable (5);
the wire feeding mechanism (9) conveys the metal wire to the upper part of the magnetic ring, the first wire hooking mechanism (8) penetrates through the magnetic ring from bottom to top and pulls the metal wire downwards, the initial position of the first wire winding mechanism (7) is positioned below the transverse central point of the magnetic ring, the metal wire is clamped to wind upwards from the outer side of the magnetic ring to the upper part of the magnetic ring, a circle of winding is completed, and the first wire hooking mechanism (8) records the wire hooking times;
when the first winding mechanism (7) finishes winding for each circle, clockwise sliding one grid from the central position along the radian of the magnetic ring until the winding procedure of one fourth of the magnetic ring is finished, and rotating the feeding turntable (5) and feeding the magnetic ring to a second winding station;
the second wire hooking mechanism (12) penetrates through the magnetic ring from top to bottom and pulls the metal wire upwards, at the moment, the wire feeding mechanism (9) breaks the metal wire, the initial position of the second wire winding mechanism (11) is positioned above the transverse central point of the magnetic ring, the metal wire is clamped to wind downwards from the outer side of the magnetic ring to the lower side of the magnetic ring, a circle of winding is completed, and the second wire hooking mechanism (12) records the wire hooking times;
when the second winding mechanism (11) finishes winding for each circle, the second winding mechanism slides anticlockwise for one grid from the central position along the radian of the magnetic ring until the winding process of one fourth of the magnetic ring is finished, and the winding process of the half side of the magnetic ring is finished;
and the feeding turntable (5) rotates and sends the magnetic ring to another group of automatic winding modules, the steps (2) to (5) are repeated to finish the winding process of the other half of the magnetic ring, and finally, tail wire treatment and blanking are carried out through the blanking mechanism (16) to finish the whole cross winding process.
CN202111245047.0A 2021-10-26 2021-10-26 Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same Pending CN113903594A (en)

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CN202111245047.0A CN113903594A (en) 2021-10-26 2021-10-26 Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111245047.0A CN113903594A (en) 2021-10-26 2021-10-26 Automatic inductance winding machine and cross winding method applied to same

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114334438A (en) * 2022-01-10 2022-04-12 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Full-automatic mutual inductor magnetic ring winding machine
CN114783766A (en) * 2022-04-26 2022-07-22 东莞市泰元达机械设备有限公司 Winding machine
CN114883108A (en) * 2022-04-20 2022-08-09 岳西县天鹅电子科技有限公司 Transformer winding platform for charger and control system thereof
CN114999816A (en) * 2022-07-20 2022-09-02 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Cross winding method magnetic ring winding machine
CN115172040A (en) * 2022-08-16 2022-10-11 珠海科瑞思科技股份有限公司 Inductance single line cross coiling machine
CN115954194A (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-04-11 宿迁格利尔智慧光电科技有限公司 Common mode inductor and processing equipment thereof
CN116884764A (en) * 2023-08-11 2023-10-13 珠海科丰电子有限公司 Magnetic ring threading machine

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114334438A (en) * 2022-01-10 2022-04-12 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Full-automatic mutual inductor magnetic ring winding machine
CN114334438B (en) * 2022-01-10 2022-08-26 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Full-automatic mutual inductor magnetic ring winding machine
CN114883108A (en) * 2022-04-20 2022-08-09 岳西县天鹅电子科技有限公司 Transformer winding platform for charger and control system thereof
CN114883108B (en) * 2022-04-20 2023-03-28 岳西县天鹅电子科技有限公司 Transformer winding platform for charger and control system thereof
CN114783766A (en) * 2022-04-26 2022-07-22 东莞市泰元达机械设备有限公司 Winding machine
CN114783766B (en) * 2022-04-26 2024-01-05 东莞市泰元达机械设备有限公司 Winding machine
CN114999816A (en) * 2022-07-20 2022-09-02 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Cross winding method magnetic ring winding machine
CN114999816B (en) * 2022-07-20 2022-10-28 深圳市星特科技有限公司 Cross winding method magnetic ring winding machine
CN115172040A (en) * 2022-08-16 2022-10-11 珠海科瑞思科技股份有限公司 Inductance single line cross coiling machine
CN115172040B (en) * 2022-08-16 2023-05-30 珠海科瑞思科技股份有限公司 Inductance single-wire cross winding machine
CN115954194A (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-04-11 宿迁格利尔智慧光电科技有限公司 Common mode inductor and processing equipment thereof
CN116884764A (en) * 2023-08-11 2023-10-13 珠海科丰电子有限公司 Magnetic ring threading machine

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