CN113697886A - Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device - Google Patents

Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113697886A
CN113697886A CN202111080549.2A CN202111080549A CN113697886A CN 113697886 A CN113697886 A CN 113697886A CN 202111080549 A CN202111080549 A CN 202111080549A CN 113697886 A CN113697886 A CN 113697886A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
limiting plate
desalination
water storage
driving
driving piece
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202111080549.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113697886B (en
Inventor
宋瀚文
彭昌盛
苗超
谢春刚
付赫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ocean University of China
Tianjin Institute of Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization MNR
Original Assignee
Ocean University of China
Tianjin Institute of Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization MNR
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ocean University of China, Tianjin Institute of Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization MNR filed Critical Ocean University of China
Priority to CN202111080549.2A priority Critical patent/CN113697886B/en
Publication of CN113697886A publication Critical patent/CN113697886A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113697886B publication Critical patent/CN113697886B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • B08B1/30
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/043Details
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/14Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation using solar energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D25/00Pumping installations or systems
    • F04D25/02Units comprising pumps and their driving means
    • F04D25/08Units comprising pumps and their driving means the working fluid being air, e.g. for ventilation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/08Seawater, e.g. for desalination
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/009Apparatus with independent power supply, e.g. solar cells, windpower, fuel cells
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/14Maintenance of water treatment installations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination using renewable energy
    • Y02A20/142Solar thermal; Photovoltaics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/20Controlling water pollution; Waste water treatment
    • Y02A20/208Off-grid powered water treatment
    • Y02A20/212Solar-powered wastewater sewage treatment, e.g. spray evaporation

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar distillation seawater desalination device, which belongs to the technical field of seawater desalination and comprises a water storage tank, wherein a sealing partition plate is arranged inside the water storage tank, a water injection pipe is arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank, a gas collecting hood is arranged at one end of the water storage tank, a negative pressure fan is arranged at one end, away from the water storage tank, of the gas collecting hood, the output end of the negative pressure fan is provided with a first connecting hose, solar electric plates are arranged on two sides of the negative pressure fan, and a condensation component for condensing vapor is arranged at one end, away from the gas collecting hood, of the water storage tank; the seawater desalination device is simple in structure and low in failure rate, seawater is rapidly desalinated through linkage coordination among the multiple components during use, the electric heating plate is cleaned through linkage coordination among the multiple components, a large amount of sundries are prevented from accumulating on the electric heating plate, a large amount of energy loss caused by continuous accumulation of the sundries is prevented, the seawater desalination effect of the desalination device is improved, and the seawater desalination device is worthy of popularization and use.

Description

Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of seawater desalination, and particularly relates to a solar distillation seawater desalination device.
Background
Water is a source of life, as population grows and a large amount of water resources are wasted, the shortage of fresh water becomes a serious problem facing all mankind, and the earth has abundant seawater resources, but the seawater can not be directly drunk, so the seawater desalination becomes a method for solving the shortage of fresh water resources;
the traditional seawater desalination device comprises components such as a solar cell panel, a heat collection evaporation box and the like, and has the advantage that the seawater desalination device can desalt seawater;
however, the seawater desalination device is lack of a cleaning structure, so that a large amount of sundries can be accumulated on a heating component of the seawater desalination device, and the continuous accumulation of the sundries can cause a large amount of energy loss, thereby affecting the seawater desalination effect of the seawater desalination device and being not beneficial to the popularization and the use of the seawater desalination device.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a solar distillation seawater desalination device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a solar energy distillation seawater desalination device comprises a water storage tank, a sealing clapboard is arranged inside the water storage tank, a water injection pipe is arranged on the side wall of the water storage tank, the one end of storage water tank is provided with the gas collecting channel, the one end that the storage water tank was kept away from to the gas collecting channel is provided with negative-pressure air fan, negative-pressure air fan's output is provided with first connecting hose, negative-pressure air fan's both sides are provided with the solar energy electroplax, the one end that the gas collecting channel was kept away from to the storage water tank is provided with and is used for playing the condensation subassembly of condensation to vapor, the inside of storage water tank still is provided with desalination mechanism, desalination mechanism is including being used for playing the desalination subassembly of desalination to the sea water, a drive assembly for driving desalination subassembly carries out reciprocating motion, a clearance subassembly for playing the clearance effect to desalination subassembly, the setting of clearance subassembly is at the both ends of desalination subassembly, drive assembly sets up the one end of keeping away from the gas collecting channel at the desalination subassembly.
As a further scheme of the invention: the condensation subassembly includes supporting baseplate, and supporting baseplate's both ends are provided with the first limiting plate corresponding with the storage water tank, and supporting baseplate's side is provided with the condenser corresponding with the storage water tank.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the desalination assembly comprises a second limiting plate, the two ends of the second limiting plate are slidably connected with third limiting plates corresponding to the sealing partition plates, an electric heating plate used for heating seawater is arranged on one side of the second limiting plate at intervals, a fourth limiting plate is arranged at the joint of the electric heating plate and the second limiting plate, a plurality of water spray pipes are arranged on the electric heating plate at intervals, a plurality of elastic water storage covers are arranged on the second limiting plate, second connecting hoses corresponding to the water spray pipes are arranged at the output ends of the elastic water storage covers, and first elastic driving pieces used for driving the elastic water storage covers to be far away from the sealing partition plates are arranged at the two ends of the second limiting plate.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the two ends of the electric heating plate are provided with air guide sleeves, slag discharging through holes corresponding to the air guide sleeves are formed in the electric heating plate, and a sewage discharging hose for discharging sewage is arranged at one end, far away from the electric heating plate, of each air guide sleeve.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the drive assembly comprises a driver, a transmission shaft which is rotatably connected with the water storage tank is arranged at the output end of the driver, a second transmission cam which is used for playing a driving role is arranged on the transmission shaft, and first transmission cams which are used for playing a driving role are further arranged at the two ends of the transmission shaft.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the driver is an electric motor or a pneumatic motor.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the clearance subassembly includes the fifth limiting plate, be provided with first driving piece on the fifth limiting plate, the one end of first driving piece is provided with the second elastic drive piece that the flexible end that is used for driving first driving piece extends, one side interval of fifth limiting plate is provided with the sixth limiting plate, the one end of sixth limiting plate is provided with the second driving piece, the second driving piece is provided with the fourth coupling hose with the junction of first driving piece, the flexible end of second driving piece is provided with the third driving piece, the third driving piece is provided with the third coupling hose with the junction of first driving piece, the flexible end of third driving piece is provided with the clearance scraper blade that is used for playing the clearance effect.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the first driving piece is a piston hydraulic cylinder or a piston air cylinder.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and one end of the solar panel, which is far away from the gas-collecting hood, is electrically connected with a storage battery.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and cooling fins for heating the seawater in the water storage tank are arranged on the side surface of the sealing partition plate at intervals.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the seawater desalination device is simple in structure, convenient to use and low in failure rate, seawater is rapidly desalinated through linkage coordination among multiple components during use, the electric heating plate is cleaned through linkage coordination among the multiple components, a large amount of sundries are prevented from being accumulated on the electric heating plate, a large amount of energy loss caused by continuous accumulation of the sundries is prevented, the seawater desalination effect of the desalination device is improved, and the seawater desalination device is worthy of popularization and use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a solar distillation seawater desalination plant;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a desalination mechanism in a solar-powered seawater desalination plant;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a cleaning assembly in a solar energy seawater distilling and desalting device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the construction of an electric heating plate in a solar distilled seawater desalination apparatus;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the construction of a draft shield in a solar energy seawater desalination apparatus;
in the figure: 1-a first connecting hose, 2-a water storage tank, 3-a desalination mechanism, 4-a sealing clapboard, 5-a cooling fin, 6-a condenser, 7-a first limiting plate, 8-a supporting base plate, 9-a water injection pipe, 10-a solar panel, 11-a negative pressure fan, 12-a gas collecting hood, 13-a storage battery, 14-a condensation component, 31-a driving component, 32-a desalination component, 33-a cleaning component, 34-a first elastic driving component, 35-a second connecting hose, 36-an elastic water storage hood, 371-a second limiting plate, 372-a third limiting plate, 373-a transmission shaft, 374-a first transmission cam, 375-an electric heating plate, 376-a second transmission cam, 377-a water spray pipe, 378-a diversion hood, 379-a sewage discharge hose, 381-a fourth limiting plate, 382-a driver, 383-a first driving piece, 384-a fifth limiting plate, 385-a third connecting hose, 386-a fourth connecting hose, 387-a sixth limiting plate, 388-a second driving piece, 389-a third driving piece, 391-a cleaning scraper, 392-a second elastic driving piece and 393-a deslagging through hole.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed.
The specific meaning of the above terms in this patent may be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Referring to fig. 1, the embodiment provides a solar distillation seawater desalination device, which includes a water storage tank 2, a sealing partition plate 4 is disposed inside the water storage tank 2, a water injection pipe 9 is disposed on a side wall of the water storage tank 2, a gas collecting hood 12 is disposed at one end of the water storage tank 2, a negative pressure fan 11 is disposed at one end of the gas collecting hood 12 away from the water storage tank 2, a first connecting hose 1 is disposed at an output end of the negative pressure fan 11, solar panels 10 are disposed at two sides of the negative pressure fan 11, a condensing assembly 14 for condensing water vapor is disposed at one end of the water storage tank 2 away from the gas collecting hood 12, a desalination mechanism 3 is further disposed inside the water storage tank 2, the desalination mechanism 3 includes a desalination assembly 32 for desalinating seawater, a driving assembly 31 for driving the desalination assembly 32 to reciprocate, and a cleaning assembly 33 for cleaning the desalination assembly 32, the cleaning assemblies 33 are arranged at two ends of the desalting assembly 32, and the driving assembly 31 is arranged at one end of the desalting assembly 32 far away from the gas-collecting hood 12;
referring to fig. 1, in an embodiment, in order to make the cost of the condensing assembly 14 lower, in this embodiment, preferably, the condensing assembly 14 includes a supporting bottom plate 8, two ends of the supporting bottom plate 8 are provided with first limiting plates 7 corresponding to the water storage tank 2, and a side surface of the supporting bottom plate 8 is provided with a condenser 6 corresponding to the water storage tank 2;
in another embodiment, in order to make the function of the condensing assembly 14 more abundant, the condensing assembly 14 comprises a supporting base plate 8, two ends of the supporting base plate 8 are provided with hydraulic cylinders corresponding to the water storage tank 2, the side surface of the supporting base plate 8 is provided with a condenser 6 corresponding to the water storage tank 2, and when the desalination device is used, the height of the water storage tank 2 is adjusted through the hydraulic cylinders, so that the function of the desalination device is more abundant;
referring to fig. 2 and 4, in an embodiment, in order to make the desalination assembly 32 have a better evaporation effect on seawater, in this embodiment, preferably, the desalination assembly 32 includes a second limiting plate 371, two ends of the second limiting plate 371 are slidably connected with a third limiting plate 372 corresponding to the sealing partition plate 4, an electric heating plate 375 for heating seawater is disposed at one side of the second limiting plate 371 at intervals, a fourth limiting plate 381 is disposed at a joint of the electric heating plate 375 and the second limiting plate 371, a plurality of water spray pipes 377 are disposed at intervals on the electric heating plate 375, a plurality of elastic water storage covers 36 are disposed on the second limiting plate 371, a second connection hose 35 corresponding to the water spray pipes 377 is disposed at an output end of the elastic water storage covers 36, and first elastic driving members 34 for driving the elastic water storage covers 36 to move away from the sealing partition plate 4 are disposed at two ends of the second limiting plate 371;
referring to fig. 2, 4 and 5, in an embodiment, in order to facilitate the sewage disposal of the desalination assembly 32, in the embodiment, preferably, two ends of the electric heating plate 375 are provided with air deflectors 378, the electric heating plate 375 is provided with slag discharging through holes 393 corresponding to the air deflectors 378, one end of the air deflector 378, which is far away from the electric heating plate 375, is provided with a sewage disposal hose 379 for performing a sewage disposal function, and one end of the sewage disposal hose 379, which is far away from the air deflector 378, penetrates through a side wall of the water storage tank 2 and extends to the outside of the water storage tank 2;
the material of the elastic water storage cover 36 is not limited, in this embodiment, preferably, the material of the elastic water storage cover 36 is rubber or silica gel, and the structure of the first elastic driving member 34 is not limited, in this embodiment, preferably, the first elastic driving member 34 is a spring or an elastic rubber tube;
the shape of the elastic water storage cover 36 is not limited, in this embodiment, preferably, the elastic water storage cover 36 is in a horn shape, and when the device is used, the elastic water storage cover 36 is intermittently compressed through the vertical reciprocating motion of the second limiting plate 371, and the elastic water storage cover 36 is intermittently compressed through the intermittent compression of the elastic water storage cover 36, so that the elastic water storage cover 36 intermittently supplies water to the electric heating plate 375 through the water spray pipe 377, and through intermittent water supply, seawater can be more rapidly evaporated after being sprayed on the surface of the electric heating plate 375, and thus the desalination efficiency of the desalination device on seawater is effectively improved;
in another embodiment, in order to make the cost of the desalination assembly 32 lower, the desalination assembly 32 comprises a heating iron plate, an electromagnetic heater is arranged on the side surface of the heating iron plate, water suction pumps are arranged at two ends of the heating iron plate, and spray heads for supplying water to the heating iron plate are arranged at the output ends of the water suction pumps;
referring to fig. 2, in an embodiment, in order to make the linkage effect of the driving assembly 31 better, in this embodiment, preferably, the driving assembly 31 includes a driver 382, an output end of the driver 382 is provided with a transmission shaft 373 rotatably connected with the water storage tank 2 through a bearing, the transmission shaft 373 is provided with a second transmission cam 376 for driving, two ends of the transmission shaft 373 are further provided with first transmission cams 374 for driving, a structure of the driver 382 is not limited, in this embodiment, preferably, the driver 382 is an electric motor or a pneumatic motor;
when the desalination device is used, the drive shaft 373 is driven to rotate by the driver 382, so that the second limiting plate 371 is driven to move by the second drive cams 376 at the two ends of the drive shaft 373, the desalination device is more reliable to use by mechanical transmission, and the reliability of the desalination device is improved;
in another embodiment, in order to make the cost of the driving assembly 31 lower, the driving assembly 31 is only composed of electric telescopic rods, the electric telescopic ends are arranged at two ends of the second limiting plate 371, and the second limiting plate 371 performs vertical reciprocating motion through continuous extension and contraction of the electric telescopic ends;
referring to fig. 3, in an embodiment, in order to make the use of the cleaning assembly 33 more environment-friendly, in this embodiment, preferably, the cleaning assembly 33 includes a fifth limiting plate 384, a first driving member 383 is disposed on the fifth limiting plate 384, a second elastic driving member 392 for driving a telescopic end of the first driving member 383 to extend is disposed at one end of the first driving member 383, a sixth limiting plate 387 is disposed at one side of the fifth limiting plate 384 at intervals, a second driving member 388 is disposed at one end of the sixth limiting plate 387, a fourth connecting hose 386 is disposed at a connection position of the second driving member 388 and the first driving member 383, a third driving member 389 is disposed at the telescopic end of the second driving member 388, a third connecting hose 385 is disposed at a connection position of the third driving member 389 and the first driving member 383, and a cleaning scraper 391 for cleaning is disposed at a telescopic end of the third driving member 389;
the structure of the first driving member 383 is not limited, in this embodiment, it is preferable that the first driving member 383 is a piston hydraulic cylinder or a piston air cylinder, and the second driving member 388 and the third driving member 389 are the same as the first driving member 383; when in use, the first driving element 383 drives the second driving element 388 and the third driving element 389 to extend or retract;
the structure of the second elastic driving member 392 is not limited, in this embodiment, preferably, the second elastic driving member 392 is a spring or an elastic rubber tube, the use of the elastic rubber tube is the prior art, when in use, the first driving member 383 is driven to contract by the rotation of the first transmission cam 374, and the use of the cleaning assembly 33 is more reliable by using a mechanical linkage structure;
in another embodiment, in order to make the cleaning assembly 33 lower in cost, the cleaning assembly 33 comprises an electric telescopic rod, one end of the electric telescopic rod is provided with a cleaning brush for cleaning, and the cleaning brush is used for cleaning through reciprocating movement of the cleaning brush;
referring to fig. 1, in an embodiment, in order to make the desalination apparatus more reliable in use, in the embodiment, preferably, one end of the solar panel 10 away from the gas collecting channel 12 is electrically connected to a storage battery 13, when in use, the storage battery 13 stores the electric energy converted by the solar panel 10, and the storage battery 13 is electrically connected to the electricity-consuming component through a switch;
referring to fig. 1, in order to further improve the seawater desalination effect of the device, in this embodiment, preferably, cooling fins 5 for heating the seawater in the water storage tank 2 are disposed at intervals on the side surface of the sealing partition plate 4;
cooling fin 5's use makes vapor can carry out preliminary cooling in the bottom of storage water tank 2 on the one hand to be convenient for the user to carry out subsequent condensation operation to vapor, on the other hand, through cooling fin 5 and vapor mutually support, play the heating effect to seal spacer 4, thereby preheat the sea water in the storage water tank 2, be convenient for carry out subsequent sea water evaporation operation, promote the desalination efficiency of desalination device to the sea water, be worth promoting and using.
The working principle and the using process of the invention are as follows: when the water supply device is used, water is supplied to the water storage tank 2 through the water injection pipe 9, the page of water in the water storage tank 2 is located between the transmission shaft 373 and the second limiting plate 371, then the transmission shaft 373 is driven to rotate through the driver 382, at the moment, the first transmission cam 374 and the second transmission cam 376 rotate along with the transmission shaft 373, and meanwhile, the power supplies of the negative pressure fan 11 and the electric heating plate 375 are switched on;
the second limiting plate 371 performs vertical reciprocating motion through rotation of the second transmission cam 376, at the moment, water is intermittently supplied to the electric heating plate 375 through the water spraying pipe 377 through the elastic water storage cover 36, seawater scattered on the electric heating plate 375 is quickly evaporated into steam, the steam is conveyed to the bottom of the water storage tank 2 through the negative pressure fan 11, preliminary cooling of the steam and heating of the seawater in the water storage tank 2 are achieved, then the steam is condensed into water drops through the condenser 6, and therefore desalination of the seawater is achieved;
when the first driving cam 374 rotates, the first driving member 383 continuously extends and contracts, so that the second driving member 388 and the third driving member 389 correspondingly contract or extend, the cleaning scraper 391 reciprocates on the surface of the electric heating plate 375, impurities on the surface of the electric heating plate 375 are scraped and pushed into the residue discharge through hole 393, and at the moment, the impurities are drained through the drainage hose 379 after being guided by the guide cover 378;
in addition, when transmission shaft 373 rotated, electric heating plate 375 can follow second limiting plate 371 and carry out reciprocating motion, and vertical reciprocating motion through electric heating plate 375 can effectively promote desalination device's blowdown effect, avoids the blowdown structure to take place to block up when using to guarantee that the user is worth promoting and using to the normal use of device.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a solar energy distillation sea water desalination device, includes the storage water tank, and the inside of storage water tank is provided with sealed bulkhead, is provided with water injection pipe, its characterized in that on the lateral wall of storage water tank: the one end of storage water tank is provided with the gas collecting channel, the one end that the storage water tank was kept away from to the gas collecting channel is provided with negative-pressure air fan, negative-pressure air fan's output is provided with first connecting hose, negative-pressure air fan's both sides are provided with the solar energy electroplax, the one end that the gas collecting channel was kept away from to the storage water tank is provided with and is used for playing the condensation subassembly of condensation to vapor, the inside of storage water tank still is provided with desalination mechanism, desalination mechanism is including being used for playing the desalination subassembly of desalination to the sea water, a drive assembly for driving desalination subassembly carries out reciprocating motion, a clearance subassembly for playing the clearance effect to desalination subassembly, the setting of clearance subassembly is at the both ends of desalination subassembly, drive assembly sets up the one end of keeping away from the gas collecting channel at the desalination subassembly.
2. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 1, wherein: the condensation subassembly includes supporting baseplate, and supporting baseplate's both ends are provided with the first limiting plate corresponding with the storage water tank, and supporting baseplate's side is provided with the condenser corresponding with the storage water tank.
3. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 1, wherein: the desalination assembly comprises a second limiting plate, the two ends of the second limiting plate are slidably connected with third limiting plates corresponding to the sealing partition plates, an electric heating plate used for heating seawater is arranged on one side of the second limiting plate at intervals, a fourth limiting plate is arranged at the joint of the electric heating plate and the second limiting plate, a plurality of water spray pipes are arranged on the electric heating plate at intervals, a plurality of elastic water storage covers are arranged on the second limiting plate, second connecting hoses corresponding to the water spray pipes are arranged at the output ends of the elastic water storage covers, and first elastic driving pieces used for driving the elastic water storage covers to be far away from the sealing partition plates are arranged at the two ends of the second limiting plate.
4. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 3, wherein: the two ends of the electric heating plate are provided with air guide sleeves, slag discharging through holes corresponding to the air guide sleeves are formed in the electric heating plate, and a sewage discharging hose for discharging sewage is arranged at one end, far away from the electric heating plate, of each air guide sleeve.
5. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 1, wherein: the drive assembly comprises a driver, a transmission shaft which is rotatably connected with the water storage tank is arranged at the output end of the driver, a second transmission cam which is used for playing a driving role is arranged on the transmission shaft, and first transmission cams which are used for playing a driving role are further arranged at the two ends of the transmission shaft.
6. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 5, wherein: the driver is an electric motor or a pneumatic motor.
7. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 1, wherein: the clearance subassembly includes the fifth limiting plate, be provided with first driving piece on the fifth limiting plate, the one end of first driving piece is provided with the second elastic drive piece that the flexible end that is used for driving first driving piece extends, one side interval of fifth limiting plate is provided with the sixth limiting plate, the one end of sixth limiting plate is provided with the second driving piece, the second driving piece is provided with the fourth coupling hose with the junction of first driving piece, the flexible end of second driving piece is provided with the third driving piece, the third driving piece is provided with the third coupling hose with the junction of first driving piece, the flexible end of third driving piece is provided with the clearance scraper blade that is used for playing the clearance effect.
8. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 7, wherein: the first driving piece is a piston hydraulic cylinder or a piston air cylinder.
9. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of claim 1, wherein: and one end of the solar panel, which is far away from the gas-collecting hood, is electrically connected with a storage battery.
10. The solar distillation seawater desalination plant of any one of claims 1-9, wherein: and cooling fins for heating the seawater in the water storage tank are arranged on the side surface of the sealing partition plate at intervals.
CN202111080549.2A 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device Active CN113697886B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111080549.2A CN113697886B (en) 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111080549.2A CN113697886B (en) 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113697886A true CN113697886A (en) 2021-11-26
CN113697886B CN113697886B (en) 2022-05-06

Family

ID=78660932

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111080549.2A Active CN113697886B (en) 2021-09-15 2021-09-15 Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113697886B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114212849A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-03-22 山东凤鸣新材料有限公司 Ocean sea water two-stage processing apparatus based on circulating pipe purifies
CN115872571A (en) * 2023-01-29 2023-03-31 江苏百茂源环保科技有限公司 Industrial sewage water impurity removal and purification device and use method thereof
CN117164041A (en) * 2023-10-31 2023-12-05 江苏汉盛海洋装备技术有限公司 Marine high-power sea water desalination equipment
CN117755915A (en) * 2024-02-22 2024-03-26 山东路烨无纺布有限公司 Geotechnical cloth winding device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101113030A (en) * 2007-07-05 2008-01-30 中国海洋大学 Low-position heat energy spray evaporation-multiple-effect distillation seawater desalination method and device
US8465628B1 (en) * 2010-05-03 2013-06-18 Richard L. Henderson Floating solar energy conversion and water distillation apparatus
CN108946852A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-12-07 陈专 A kind of device and method that seawater is sprayed to distillation desalination using solar energy
CN208361926U (en) * 2018-04-13 2019-01-11 田玉双 A kind of marine desalination equipment
CN109734240A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-10 顾晓凡 A kind of seawater desalination system and desalination method
CN213771408U (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-07-23 四川全息生态环境技术产业有限公司 Intermittent type formula electricity heating liquid sprays evaporation plant
CN113307434A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-08-27 南京泰乐新能源技术研究院有限公司 Novel household solar seawater desalination device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101113030A (en) * 2007-07-05 2008-01-30 中国海洋大学 Low-position heat energy spray evaporation-multiple-effect distillation seawater desalination method and device
US8465628B1 (en) * 2010-05-03 2013-06-18 Richard L. Henderson Floating solar energy conversion and water distillation apparatus
CN208361926U (en) * 2018-04-13 2019-01-11 田玉双 A kind of marine desalination equipment
CN108946852A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-12-07 陈专 A kind of device and method that seawater is sprayed to distillation desalination using solar energy
CN109734240A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-10 顾晓凡 A kind of seawater desalination system and desalination method
CN213771408U (en) * 2020-12-02 2021-07-23 四川全息生态环境技术产业有限公司 Intermittent type formula electricity heating liquid sprays evaporation plant
CN113307434A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-08-27 南京泰乐新能源技术研究院有限公司 Novel household solar seawater desalination device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114212849A (en) * 2021-12-15 2022-03-22 山东凤鸣新材料有限公司 Ocean sea water two-stage processing apparatus based on circulating pipe purifies
CN115872571A (en) * 2023-01-29 2023-03-31 江苏百茂源环保科技有限公司 Industrial sewage water impurity removal and purification device and use method thereof
CN115872571B (en) * 2023-01-29 2024-02-27 江苏百茂源环保科技有限公司 Industrial sewage water impurity removal and purification device and application method thereof
CN117164041A (en) * 2023-10-31 2023-12-05 江苏汉盛海洋装备技术有限公司 Marine high-power sea water desalination equipment
CN117164041B (en) * 2023-10-31 2023-12-29 江苏汉盛海洋装备技术有限公司 Marine high-power sea water desalination equipment
CN117755915A (en) * 2024-02-22 2024-03-26 山东路烨无纺布有限公司 Geotechnical cloth winding device
CN117755915B (en) * 2024-02-22 2024-04-19 山东路烨无纺布有限公司 Geotechnical cloth winding device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN113697886B (en) 2022-05-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN113697886B (en) Solar energy distillation sea water desalination device
CN110165997B (en) Energy-saving power generation equipment with scrubbing function
CN111773904B (en) Energy-saving waste gas purification processing apparatus for thermal power with steam drive
CN207460898U (en) A kind of multi-functional avoidance gardens pruning vehicle
CN206721772U (en) A kind of construction dust guard
CN111525884A (en) Self-cleaning photovoltaic panel based on wind power
CN108768277A (en) A kind of outdoor photovoltaic power generation apparatus with self-cleaning function
CN207775961U (en) A kind of agricultural pool Accrete clearing device
CN111520920B (en) Self-cleaning energy-saving environment-friendly solar water heater
CN116131751B (en) Car as a house solar panel cleaning device
CN217330307U (en) Evaporation type condenser for removing overheat
CN115071899B (en) Floating structure of water surface photovoltaic power station and construction process thereof
CN208064299U (en) A kind of home-use environmental protection disinfestations device
CN218096655U (en) Automatic dust collector for heat collecting tube of solar water heater
CN215587421U (en) Photovoltaic solar power generation device capable of being automatically cleaned
CN208800425U (en) A kind of self-cleaning type photovoltaic power generation plate
CN108525397A (en) A kind of air-conditioning refrigerating filter screen impurity removing equipment
CN212119180U (en) Cleaning mechanism of sewage source heat pump
CN218325108U (en) Cleaning device on plate cooler tower of wind generating set
CN219328212U (en) Solar water heater with ash removal device
CN113860642B (en) Plasticizer production is with effluent treatment plant
CN214656667U (en) Clean curing means of environmental protection for garage terrace
CN219390621U (en) Heat exchanger for sewage waste heat recovery
CN215656568U (en) Fluid electric heating device convenient to clean
CN216884753U (en) Vacuum dehydration device for production of thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant