CN113664719A - Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113664719A
CN113664719A CN202110764553.4A CN202110764553A CN113664719A CN 113664719 A CN113664719 A CN 113664719A CN 202110764553 A CN202110764553 A CN 202110764553A CN 113664719 A CN113664719 A CN 113664719A
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aluminum alloy
alloy die
die casting
clamp
piece
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CN202110764553.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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顾绍杰
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Finish Polishing, Edge Sharpening, And Grinding By Specific Grinding Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a finish machining device and a finish machining method for an aluminum alloy die casting, and belongs to the technical field of casting machining equipment. The aluminum alloy die casting precision machining machine comprises a support frame, a feeding mechanism, a rotating assembly, a clamping mechanism and a polishing assembly. The translation piece is installed the feed end of support frame, the locating piece with the expansion end of translation piece is connected. The movable end of the first electric push rod is hinged with one end of the clamp. The lifting piece is arranged at the top of the supporting frame, and the shaft hole sander is arranged at the movable end of the lifting piece; the control driving piece drives the rotating rod to rotate, the center of a circle of the T-shaped tee cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole polisher, the lifting piece is controlled to move down to polish the inner wall of the center of a circle of the T-shaped tee cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, polishing is completed through one-time clamping, machining efficiency is improved, and the working strength of workers is reduced.

Description

Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of casting machining equipment, in particular to a finish machining device and method for an aluminum alloy die casting.
Background
At present, with the precision of machines, the requirements on workpieces are higher and higher, wherein the finish machining of the workpieces is an essential part in the production of the workpieces, and for the mass production of aluminum alloy die castings, the finish machining is generally grinding, deburring, polishing and the like, wherein the deburring is most important. Burrs on mechanical parts are caused by plastic deformation in the cutting process; some are flashes for casting, die forging, etc., and some are welding extrusion residues. With the improvement of industrialization and automation degree, in the field of mechanical processing, particularly in the fields of aviation, aerospace and instruments and meters, the requirements on the manufacturing precision of mechanical parts and the miniaturization of mechanism design have obvious harmfulness of burrs, so that people gradually pay attention to the generation mechanism and the removal method of the burrs.
Because required work piece is more and more diversified, the shape of work piece is also different, so a machinery can ' T satisfy all work piece finish machining's demand, the work piece of different shapes adopts different machinery to carry out the finish machining, wherein the aluminum alloy die casting of T type tee bend structure is polished and is deburred in the technology to the shaft hole, most of the same time can only be to a shaft hole finish machining, need twice clamping at least just can accomplish the finish machining of work piece, this very big influence machining efficiency, workman's working strength has also been increaseed, the leftover bits that processing produced, can not concentrate the recovery collection, also can block up when the blanking.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects, the invention provides a finish machining device and a finish machining method for an aluminum alloy die casting, and aims to solve the problem that the machining efficiency is influenced because the aluminum alloy die casting of a traditional T-shaped tee joint structure needs to be clamped for multiple times.
The invention is realized by the following steps:
in a first aspect, the invention provides an aluminum alloy die casting finish machining device, which is characterized by comprising a machining bin (1), a supporting frame (100), a feeding mechanism (300), a rotating assembly (500), a clamping mechanism (700) and a grinding assembly (900);
the processing bin (1) is positioned at the top side of the support frame (100), the feeding mechanism (300) is positioned at the left side of the processing bin (1), the rotating assembly (500) is positioned at the right part of the processing bin (1), the clamping mechanism (700) is positioned in the middle of the right wall of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1), and the grinding assembly (900) is positioned at the top of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1); .
The feeding mechanism comprises a translation piece and a positioning block, the translation piece is installed at the feeding end of the supporting frame, and the positioning block is connected with the movable end of the translation piece.
The rotating assembly comprises a rotating rod and a driving piece, the rotating rod is rotatably connected with the supporting frame, and the driving piece is installed at one end of the rotating rod.
The clamping mechanism comprises a clamp and a first electric push rod, the clamp is hinged to one end of the rotating rod, the first electric push rod is rotatably installed on the surface of the rotating rod, and the movable end of the first electric push rod is hinged to one end of the clamp.
The grinding assembly comprises a lifting piece and a shaft hole grinder, the lifting piece is mounted at the top of the supporting frame, and the shaft hole grinder is mounted at the movable end of the lifting piece;
a through groove is formed in the middle of the support frame (100) in a penetrating manner, the top side of the support frame (100) is rotatably connected with a turnover frame (129), arc-shaped grooves are formed in two sides of the inner wall of the processing bin (1), fixed sides of two sets of turnover frames (129) are slidably connected with the inner walls of the corresponding arc-shaped grooves, two sets of driving motors (121) and supports (122) are fixedly mounted at the top of the processing bin (1), an eccentric rotating roller (123) is rotatably connected at the top of each set of supports (122), the driving motors (121) and the eccentric rotating rollers (123) are respectively located at the lower sides of the two sets of turnover frames (129), bosses (124) are fixedly mounted at the lower parts of two sides of an inner cavity of the processing bin (1), slopes are arranged on the fixed sides of the two sets of bosses (124), telescopic cavities (125) are formed in the bottom sides of the two sets of bosses (124), and a lower pressing frame (127) is movably connected with the inner cavity of each set of the telescopic cavity (125), the bottoms of the two groups of the lower pressing frames (127) are rotatably connected with sliding rollers (128), and springs (126) are fixedly connected between the lower pressing frames (127) and the bottoms of the corresponding telescopic cavities (125).
In an embodiment of the present invention, the translating element includes a sliding rail, a sliding block, and a second electric push rod, the sliding rail is fixed to one side of the supporting frame, the sliding block is slidably connected to a surface of the sliding rail, one end of the second electric push rod is connected to the sliding rail, the other end of the second electric push rod is connected to the sliding block, and the positioning block is fixed to an upper end of the sliding block.
In an embodiment of the invention, the positioning block is fixed on the upper surface of the sliding block through a bolt, and a positioning hole matched with a part to be processed is formed in the surface of the positioning block.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the driving member includes a servo motor, a worm, and a worm wheel, the servo motor is fixedly connected to the supporting frame, a driving shaft of the servo motor is fixedly connected to the worm, the worm wheel is fixed to one end of the rotating rod, and the worm wheel is engaged with the worm.
In one embodiment of the invention, the clamp comprises a base, a pressure spring, a first clamping block and a second clamping block, the first clamping block and the second clamping block are symmetrically hinged on the surface of the base, and the pressure spring is connected between the first clamping block and the second clamping block.
In one embodiment of the invention, a lever is hinged to the surface of the base, one end of the lever is hinged to the first clamping block, and the other end of the lever is connected with the movable end of the first electric push rod.
In one embodiment of the invention, a conveying mechanism is installed at the bottom of the supporting frame, the conveying mechanism is arranged right below the clamp, and a right-angle limiting block is installed at the hinged position of the clamp and the rotating rod.
In one embodiment of the invention, the conveying mechanism comprises conveying rollers and conveying belts, the conveying rollers are rotatably mounted at the bottoms of the supporting frames, the conveying belts are sleeved on the outer surfaces of the two conveying rollers in a transmission manner, the bottom of the supporting frame is fixedly provided with a conveying motor, and a driving shaft of the conveying motor is in transmission connection with one end of each conveying roller.
In an embodiment of the invention, the lifting member is a vertically arranged linear motor, the shaft hole sander comprises a motor and a sanding shaft, the motor is fixed at the movable end of the linear motor, and the sanding shaft is coaxially and fixedly connected with a driving shaft of the motor.
In a second aspect, embodiments of the present invention further provide a method of an aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing apparatus, including the aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing machine described above; and the following steps:
s1: placing the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting on a positioning block, and controlling a translation piece to move to drive the aluminum alloy die casting to move to a clamping position of a clamp;
s2: the fixture clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the fixture limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting so as to fix the aluminum alloy die casting, the translation piece drives the positioning block to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod is started to push the fixture to rotate for 90 degrees;
s3: controlling a driving piece to drive a rotating rod to rotate, aligning the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting to the axis of a shaft hole polisher, and finally controlling a lifting piece to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s4: after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished, controlling a lifting piece to drive a shaft hole polisher to move upwards, driving a clamp to rotate by a driving piece, enabling a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting to be aligned with the axis of the shaft hole polisher, and continuously polishing the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s5: and repeating S4 to polish the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, finally taking down the aluminum alloy die casting after finish machining, and repeating the steps S1-S4.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the finish machining device for the aluminum alloy die casting, which is obtained by the design, is used, the translation piece is arranged at the feed end of the support frame, the positioning block is connected with the movable end of the translation piece, the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is placed on the positioning block, and the translation piece is controlled to move to drive the aluminum alloy die casting to move to the clamping position of the clamp; the fixture clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the fixture limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting so as to fix the aluminum alloy die casting, the translation piece drives the positioning block to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod is started to push the fixture to rotate for 90 degrees; the rotating rod is rotatably connected with the supporting frame, the driving piece is installed at one end of the rotating rod, the clamp is hinged to one end of the rotating rod, the driving piece is controlled to drive the rotating rod to rotate, the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned to the axis of the shaft hole sander, and finally the lifting piece is controlled to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting; after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished, a lifting piece is installed at the top of a supporting frame, a shaft hole polisher is installed at the movable end of the lifting piece, the lifting piece is controlled to drive the shaft hole polisher to move upwards, a driving piece drives a clamp to rotate, a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned to the axis of the shaft hole polisher, and a polishing mechanism is continuously performed on the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting; the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished by repeating the steps, the finished aluminum alloy die casting is taken down, and polishing is finished by once clamping, so that the machining efficiency is improved, and the working strength of workers is reduced;
2. the waste material produced by processing is passed through the supporting frame and fallen onto the conveying mechanism, in order to prevent the waste material from falling onto the supporting frame and can be centralized in the middle portion of conveying mechanism, a turning frame is set, the spring in the telescopic cavity can be used for applying downward pressure to the turning plate by means of downward-pressing frame, and is supported by eccentric rotating roller, the driving motor can be used for driving eccentric rotating roller to make rotation so as to drive the turning plate to make reciprocating swing movement, so that the waste material on the upper portion of the turning plate can be downwards guided and fallen onto the upper side middle portion of conveying mechanism, and the waste material can be prevented from being blocked and affecting processing environment.
3. The conveyer belt transmission cup joints at two transfer roller surfaces, and the conveying motor through control support frame bottom fixed mounting is rotatory for the drive shaft of conveying motor is connected with the one end transmission of transfer roller, and then drives the transfer roller and the conveyer belt is rotatory, and the aluminum alloy die casting of accomplishing of polishing falls to the conveyer belt surface from anchor clamps, is conveyed to next process, and the simplified operation flow is convenient for batch processing production.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a precision machining machine for aluminum alloy die castings according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a driving member according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a clamp according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic partial structure diagram according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a processing bin; 100. a support frame; 110. a transport mechanism; 111. a conveying roller; 113. A conveyor belt; 115. a transfer motor; 120. a blanking mechanism; 121. a drive motor; 122. a support; 123. an eccentric rotating roller; 124. a boss; 125. a telescoping chamber; 126. a spring; 127. pressing down the frame; 128. a sliding roller 129 and a turnover plate; 126. (ii) a 300. A feeding mechanism; 310. a translation member; 311. a slide rail; 313. a slider; 315. a second electric push rod; 330. positioning blocks; 500. A rotating assembly; 510. a rotating rod; 530. a drive member; 531. a servo motor; 533. a worm; 535. a worm gear; 700. a clamping mechanism; 710. a clamp; 711. a base; 713. a pressure spring; 715. a first clamping block; 717. a second clamp block; 719. a lever; 730. a first electric push rod; 750. a right-angle limiting block; 900. polishing the assembly; 910. a lifting member; 930. a shaft hole sander; 931. a motor; 933. and grinding the shaft.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the equipment or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: the finish machining device for the aluminum alloy die castings is characterized by comprising a machining bin (1), a supporting frame (100), a feeding mechanism (300), a rotating assembly (500), a clamping mechanism (700) and a grinding assembly (900);
the processing bin (1) is positioned at the top side of the support frame (100), the feeding mechanism (300) is positioned at the left side of the processing bin (1), the rotating assembly (500) is positioned at the right part of the processing bin (1), the clamping mechanism (700) is positioned in the middle of the right wall of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1), and the grinding assembly (900) is positioned at the top of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1);
wherein, support frame 100 supports feed mechanism 300, rotating component 500 and the subassembly 900 of polishing fixedly, and feed mechanism 300 transmits the aluminum alloy die casting for fixture 700, and fixture 700 installs the one end at rotating component 500, and fixture 700 carries out the centre gripping fixedly to the aluminum alloy die casting, and the subassembly 900 of polishing processes the aluminum alloy die casting.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the feeding mechanism 300 includes a translation member 310 and a positioning block 330, the translation member 310 is mounted at the feeding end of the supporting frame 100, and the positioning block 330 is connected to the movable end of the translation member 310;
in this embodiment, the translating element 310 includes a sliding rail 311, a sliding block 313 and a second electric push rod 315, the sliding rail 311 is fixed on one side of the supporting frame 100, the sliding block 313 is slidably clamped on the surface of the sliding rail 311, one end of the second electric push rod 315 is connected to the sliding rail 311, the other end of the second electric push rod 315 is connected to the sliding block 313, and the positioning block 330 is fixed on the upper end of the sliding block 313.
It should be noted that the positioning block 330 is fixed on the upper surface of the sliding block 313 through a bolt, and a positioning hole matched with the part to be processed is formed on the surface of the positioning block 330.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the rotating assembly 500 includes a rotating rod 510 and a driving member 530, the rotating rod 510 is rotatably connected to the supporting frame 100, and the driving member 530 is installed at one end of the rotating rod 510;
in this embodiment, the driving member 530 includes a servo motor 531, a worm 533 and a worm wheel 535, the servo motor 531 is fixedly connected to the supporting frame 100, a driving shaft of the servo motor 531 is fixedly connected to the worm 533, the worm wheel 535 is fixed to one end of the rotating rod 510, and the worm wheel 535 is engaged with the worm 533.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the clamping mechanism 700 includes a clamp 710 and a first electric push rod 730, the clamp 710 is hinged to one end of the rotating rod 510, the first electric push rod 730 is rotatably mounted on the surface of the rotating rod 510, and the movable end of the first electric push rod 730 is hinged to one end of the clamp 710;
in this embodiment, the clamp 710 includes a base 711, a compression spring 713, a first clamping block 715 and a second clamping block 717, the first clamping block 715 and the second clamping block 717 are symmetrically hinged on the surface of the base 711, and the compression spring 713 is connected between the first clamping block 715 and the second clamping block 717.
Referring to fig. 1, the sanding assembly 900 includes a lifting member 910 and a shaft hole sander 930, the lifting member 910 is mounted on the top of the supporting frame 100, and the shaft hole sander 930 is mounted on the movable end of the lifting member 910.
A through groove is formed in the middle of the support frame 100 in a penetrating manner, the top side of the support frame 100 is rotatably connected with a roll-over stand 129, arc-shaped grooves are formed in both sides of the inner wall of the processing bin 1, the fixed sides of two sets of roll-over stands 129 are slidably connected with the inner walls of the corresponding arc-shaped grooves, two sets of driving motors 121 and supports 122 are fixedly installed at the top of the processing bin 1, eccentric rotating rollers 123 are rotatably connected at the top of each set of supports 122, the driving motors 121 and the eccentric rotating rollers 123 are respectively positioned at the lower sides of the two sets of roll-over stands 129, bosses 124 are fixedly installed at the lower parts of both sides of the inner cavity of the processing bin 1, slopes are arranged on the fixed sides of the two sets of bosses 124, telescopic cavities 125 are formed at the bottom sides of the two sets of bosses 124, the inner cavity of each set of telescopic cavities 125 is movably connected with a lower pressing frame 127, and the bottoms of the two sets of lower pressing frames 127 are rotatably connected with sliding rollers 128, a spring 126 is fixedly connected between the lower pressing frame 127 and the bottom of the corresponding telescopic cavity 125;
the waste material that processing produced passes the support frame and falls to transport mechanism, on the support frame in order to prevent that the waste material from falling, and concentrate the waste material at transport mechanism's middle part, the roll-over stand has been set up, the spring in flexible intracavity will push down the frame and exert decurrent pressure to the returning face plate, support by eccentric commentaries on classics roller, driving motor drives eccentric commentaries on classics rod rotation, thereby drive the reciprocating swing of returning face plate, thereby with the waste material downwardly directed on its upper portion, fall to transport mechanism's upside middle part, prevent that the leftover bits from causing the jam.
In this embodiment, the lifting member 910 is a vertically disposed linear motor, the shaft hole sander 930 includes a motor 931 and a sanding shaft 933, the motor 931 is fixed at the movable end of the linear motor, and the sanding shaft 933 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving shaft of the motor 931.
In a second aspect, embodiments of the present invention further provide a method of an aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing apparatus, including the aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing machine described above; and the following steps:
s1: placing the aluminum alloy die casting with the T-shaped three-way cylindrical structure on the positioning block 330, and controlling the translation piece 310 to move to drive the aluminum alloy die casting to move to the clamping part of the clamp 710;
s2: the clamp 710 clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the clamp 710 limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting so as to fix the aluminum alloy die casting, the translation part 310 drives the positioning block 330 to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod 730 is started to push the clamp 710 to rotate for 90 degrees;
s3: controlling the driving member 530 to drive the rotating rod 510 to rotate, so that the center of a circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole sander 930, and finally controlling the lifting member 910 to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the center of the circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s4: after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished, the lifting piece 910 is controlled to drive the shaft hole polisher 930 to move upwards, the driving piece 530 drives the clamp 710 to rotate, so that a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole polisher 930, and the polishing mechanism is continuously performed on the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s5: and repeating S4 to polish the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, finally taking down the aluminum alloy die casting after finish machining, and repeating the steps S1-S4.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a finish machining device for aluminum alloy die castings comprises a support frame 100, a feeding mechanism 300, a rotating assembly 500, a clamping mechanism 700 and a grinding assembly 900.
Wherein, support frame 100 supports feed mechanism 300, rotating component 500 and the subassembly 900 of polishing fixedly, and feed mechanism 300 transmits the aluminum alloy die casting for fixture 700, and fixture 700 installs the one end at rotating component 500, and fixture 700 carries out the centre gripping fixedly to the aluminum alloy die casting, and the subassembly 900 of polishing processes the aluminum alloy die casting.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the feeding mechanism 300 includes a translation member 310 and a positioning block 330, the translation member 310 is mounted at the feeding end of the supporting frame 100, and the positioning block 330 is connected to the movable end of the translation member 310;
in this embodiment, the translating element 310 includes a sliding rail 311, a sliding block 313 and a second electric push rod 315, the sliding rail 311 is fixed on one side of the supporting frame 100, the sliding block 313 is slidably clamped on the surface of the sliding rail 311, one end of the second electric push rod 315 is connected to the sliding rail 311, the other end of the second electric push rod 315 is connected to the sliding block 313, and the positioning block 330 is fixed on the upper end of the sliding block 313.
It should be noted that the positioning block 330 is fixed on the upper surface of the sliding block 313 through a bolt, and a positioning hole matched with the part to be processed is formed on the surface of the positioning block 330.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the rotating assembly 500 includes a rotating rod 510 and a driving member 530, the rotating rod 510 is rotatably connected to the supporting frame 100, and the driving member 530 is installed at one end of the rotating rod 510;
in this embodiment, the driving member 530 includes a servo motor 531, a worm 533 and a worm wheel 535, the servo motor 531 is fixedly connected to the supporting frame 100, a driving shaft of the servo motor 531 is fixedly connected to the worm 533, the worm wheel 535 is fixed to one end of the rotating rod 510, and the worm wheel 535 is engaged with the worm 533.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the clamping mechanism 700 includes a clamp 710 and a first electric push rod 730, the clamp 710 is hinged to one end of the rotating rod 510, the first electric push rod 730 is rotatably mounted on the surface of the rotating rod 510, and the movable end of the first electric push rod 730 is hinged to one end of the clamp 710;
in this embodiment, the clamp 710 includes a base 711, a compression spring 713, a first clamping block 715 and a second clamping block 717, the first clamping block 715 and the second clamping block 717 are symmetrically hinged on the surface of the base 711, and the compression spring 713 is connected between the first clamping block 715 and the second clamping block 717.
In some embodiments, a lever 719 is hinged to the surface of the base 711, one end of the lever 719 is hinged to the first clamping block 715, and the other end of the lever 719 is connected to the movable end of the first electric push rod 730.
In other embodiments, the bottom of the supporting frame 100 is provided with a conveying mechanism 110, the conveying mechanism 110 is arranged right below the clamp 710, and a right-angle limiting block 750 is arranged at the hinge joint of the clamp 710 and the rotating rod 510; in concrete implementation, transport mechanism 110 includes transfer roller 111 and conveyer belt 113, transfer roller 111 rotates and installs the support frame 100 bottom, the transmission of conveyer belt 113 cup joints two the surface of transfer roller 111, support frame 100 bottom fixed mounting has transfer motor 115, transfer motor 115's drive shaft with the one end transmission of transfer roller 111 is connected, and the transmission of conveyer belt 113 cup joints at two transfer roller 111 surfaces, and the transfer motor 115 through control support frame 100 bottom fixed mounting is rotatory for the drive shaft of transfer motor 115 is connected with the one end transmission of transfer roller 111, and then drives transfer roller 111 and conveyer belt 113 rotation, and the aluminum alloy die casting that finishes of polishing falls to conveyer belt 113 surface from anchor clamps 710, is conveyed to next process, simplifies the operation flow, is convenient for batch processing production.
Referring to fig. 1, the sanding assembly 900 includes a lifting member 910 and a shaft hole sander 930, the lifting member 910 is mounted on the top of the supporting frame 100, and the shaft hole sander 930 is mounted on the movable end of the lifting member 910.
In this embodiment, the lifting member 910 is a vertically disposed linear motor, the shaft hole sander 930 includes a motor 931 and a sanding shaft 933, the motor 931 is fixed at the movable end of the linear motor, and the sanding shaft 933 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving shaft of the motor 931.
In a second aspect, embodiments of the present invention further provide a method of an aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing apparatus, including the aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing machine described above; and the following steps:
s1: placing the aluminum alloy die casting with the T-shaped three-way cylindrical structure on the positioning block 330, and controlling the translation piece 310 to move to drive the aluminum alloy die casting to move to the clamping part of the clamp 710;
s2: the clamp 710 clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the clamp 710 limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting so as to fix the aluminum alloy die casting, the translation part 310 drives the positioning block 330 to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod 730 is started to push the clamp 710 to rotate for 90 degrees;
s3: controlling the driving member 530 to drive the rotating rod 510 to rotate, so that the center of a circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole sander 930, and finally controlling the lifting member 910 to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the center of the circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s4: after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished, the lifting piece 910 is controlled to drive the shaft hole polisher 930 to move upwards, the driving piece 530 drives the clamp 710 to rotate, so that a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole polisher 930, and the polishing mechanism is continuously performed on the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s5: and repeating S4 to polish the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, finally taking down the aluminum alloy die casting after finish machining, and repeating the steps S1-S4.
The working principle of the aluminum alloy die casting precision machining machine is as follows: the translation piece 310 is installed at the feeding end of the support frame 100, the positioning block 330 is connected with the movable end of the translation piece 310, the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is placed on the positioning block 330, and the translation piece 310 is controlled to move to drive the aluminum alloy die casting to move to the clamping position of the clamp 710; the clamp 710 clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the clamp 710 limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting so as to fix the aluminum alloy die casting, the translation part 310 drives the positioning block 330 to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod 730 is started to push the clamp 710 to rotate for 90 degrees; the rotating rod 510 is rotatably connected with the supporting frame 100, the driving member 530 is installed at one end of the rotating rod 510, the clamp 710 is hinged at one end of the rotating rod 510, the driving member 530 is controlled to drive the rotating rod 510 to rotate, the center of a circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole sander 930, and finally the lifting member 910 is controlled to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the center of the circle of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting; after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is ground, the lifting piece 910 is installed at the top of the support frame 100, the shaft hole sander 930 is installed at the movable end of the lifting piece 910, the lifting piece 910 is controlled to drive the shaft hole sander 930 to move upwards, the driving piece 530 drives the clamp 710 to rotate, a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned to the axis of the shaft hole sander 930, and a grinding mechanism is continuously carried out on the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting; repeating the steps to polish the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, finally taking down the aluminum alloy die casting after finish machining, completing polishing by one-time clamping, improving machining efficiency and reducing the working strength of workers.
It should be noted that the specific model specifications of the conveying motor 115, the second electric putter 315, the servo motor 531, the motor 931 and the first electric putter 730 need to be determined by model selection according to the actual specification of the device, and the specific model selection calculation method adopts the prior art, so detailed description is omitted.
The power supply of the transfer motor 115, the second electric putter 315, the servo motor 531, the motor 931, and the first electric putter 730 and the principle thereof will be apparent to those skilled in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. The finish machining device for the aluminum alloy die castings is characterized by comprising a machining bin (1), a supporting frame (100), a feeding mechanism (300), a rotating assembly (500), a clamping mechanism (700) and a grinding assembly (900);
the processing bin (1) is positioned at the top side of the support frame (100), the feeding mechanism (300) is positioned at the left side of the processing bin (1), the rotating assembly (500) is positioned at the right part of the processing bin (1), the clamping mechanism (700) is positioned in the middle of the right wall of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1), and the grinding assembly (900) is positioned at the top of the inner cavity of the processing bin (1);
a through groove is formed in the middle of the support frame (100) in a penetrating manner, the top side of the support frame (100) is rotatably connected with a turnover frame (129), arc-shaped grooves are formed in two sides of the inner wall of the processing bin (1), fixed sides of two sets of turnover frames (129) are slidably connected with the inner walls of the corresponding arc-shaped grooves, two sets of driving motors (121) and supports (122) are fixedly mounted at the top of the processing bin (1), an eccentric rotating roller (123) is rotatably connected at the top of each set of supports (122), the driving motors (121) and the eccentric rotating rollers (123) are respectively located at the lower sides of the two sets of turnover frames (129), bosses (124) are fixedly mounted at the lower parts of two sides of an inner cavity of the processing bin (1), slopes are arranged on the fixed sides of the two sets of bosses (124), telescopic cavities (125) are formed in the bottom sides of the two sets of bosses (124), and a lower pressing frame (127) is movably connected with the inner cavity of each set of the telescopic cavity (125), the bottoms of the two groups of the lower pressing frames (127) are rotatably connected with sliding rollers (128), and springs (126) are fixedly connected between the lower pressing frames (127) and the bottoms of the corresponding telescopic cavities (125).
2. An aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing device according to claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism (300) comprises a translation member (310) and a positioning block (330), the translation member (310) is installed at the feeding end of the supporting frame (100), and the positioning block (330) is connected with the movable end of the translation member (310);
the rotating assembly (500) comprises a rotating rod (510) and a driving part (530), the rotating rod (510) is rotatably connected with the supporting frame (100), and the driving part (530) is installed at one end of the rotating rod (510);
the clamping mechanism (700) comprises a clamp (710) and a first electric push rod (730), the clamp (710) is hinged to one end of the rotating rod (510), the first electric push rod (730) is rotatably installed on the surface of the rotating rod (510), and the movable end of the first electric push rod (730) is hinged to one end of the clamp (710);
the grinding assembly (900) comprises a lifting piece (910) and a shaft hole grinder (930), wherein the lifting piece (910) is installed at the top of the supporting frame (100), and the shaft hole grinder (930) is installed at the movable end of the lifting piece (910).
3. The finishing processing device of the aluminum alloy die casting according to claim 1, wherein the translation part (310) comprises a slide rail (311), a slide block (313) and a second electric push rod (315), the slide rail (311) is fixed on one side of the support frame (100), the slide block (313) is slidably clamped on the surface of the slide rail (311), one end of the second electric push rod (315) is connected with the slide rail (311), the other end of the second electric push rod (315) is connected with the slide block (313), and the positioning block (330) is fixed at the upper end of the slide block (313).
4. The aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing device as recited in claim 3, wherein the positioning block (330) is fixed on the upper surface of the sliding block (313) through a bolt, and a positioning hole matched with a part to be processed is formed in the surface of the positioning block (330).
5. A finishing processing device for aluminum alloy die castings according to claim 4, wherein the driving member (530) comprises a servo motor (531), a worm (533) and a worm wheel (535), the servo motor (531) is fixedly connected with the supporting frame (100), a driving shaft of the servo motor (531) is fixedly connected with the worm (533), the worm wheel (535) is fixed at one end of the rotating rod (510), and the worm wheel (535) is meshed with the worm (533).
6. A finishing processing device for an aluminum alloy die casting as claimed in claim 2, wherein the clamp (710) comprises a base (711) and a compression spring (713), a first clamping block (715) and a second clamping block (717), the first clamping block (715) and the second clamping block (717) are symmetrically hinged on the surface of the base (711), and the compression spring (713) is connected between the first clamping block (715) and the second clamping block (717).
7. A finishing processing device for an aluminum alloy die casting according to claim 6, characterized in that a lever (719) is hinged to the surface of the base (711), one end of the lever (719) is hinged to the first clamping block (715), and the other end of the lever (719) is connected with a movable end of the first electric push rod (730).
8. An aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing device as recited in claim 2, characterized in that a conveying mechanism (110) is installed at the bottom of the supporting frame (100), the conveying mechanism (110) is arranged right below the clamp (710), and a right-angle limiting block (750) is installed at the hinged position of the clamp (710) and the rotating rod (510).
9. The aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing device as recited in claim 8, characterized in that the conveying mechanism (110) comprises a conveying roller (111) and a conveying belt (113), the conveying roller (111) is rotatably mounted at the bottom of the support frame (100), the conveying belt (113) is in transmission sleeve joint with the outer surfaces of the two conveying rollers (111), a conveying motor (115) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the support frame (100), and a driving shaft of the conveying motor (115) is in transmission connection with one end of the conveying roller (111).
10. An aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the lifting member (910) is a vertically arranged linear motor, the shaft hole grinder (930) comprises a motor (931) and a grinding shaft (933), the motor (931) is fixed at the movable end of the linear motor, and the grinding shaft (933) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving shaft of the motor (931).
11. A finish machining device and a finish machining method for aluminum alloy die castings are characterized by comprising the following steps
An aluminum alloy die casting finishing processing apparatus as recited in any one of claims 1 to 9; and the following steps:
s1: placing the aluminum alloy die casting with the T-shaped three-way cylindrical structure on a positioning block (330), and driving the aluminum alloy die casting to move to a clamping position of a clamp (710) by controlling the movement of a translation piece (310);
s2: the clamp (710) clamps the aluminum alloy die casting, the clamp (710) limits the degree of freedom of the aluminum alloy die casting, so that the aluminum alloy die casting is fixed, the translation piece (310) drives the positioning block (330) to slide and retract, and the first electric push rod (730) is started to push the clamp (710) to rotate for 90 degrees;
s3: controlling a driving piece (530) to drive a rotating rod (510) to rotate, enabling the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting to align to the axis of a shaft hole sander (930), and finally controlling a lifting piece (910) to move downwards to polish the inner wall of the circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s4: after a first circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is polished, controlling a lifting piece (910) to drive a shaft hole polisher (930) to move upwards, and driving pieces (530) to drive a clamp (710) to rotate, so that a second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting is aligned with the axis of the shaft hole polisher (930), and continuously polishing the second circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting;
s5: and repeating S4 to polish the third circle center of the T-shaped three-way cylindrical aluminum alloy die casting, finally taking down the aluminum alloy die casting after finish machining, and repeating the steps S1-S4.
S6: the waste material that processing produced passes the support frame and falls to transport mechanism, on the support frame in order to prevent that the waste material from falling, and concentrate the waste material at transport mechanism's middle part, the roll-over stand has been set up, the spring in flexible intracavity will push down the frame and exert decurrent pressure to the returning face plate, support by eccentric commentaries on classics roller, driving motor drives eccentric commentaries on classics rod rotation, thereby drive the reciprocating swing of returning face plate, thereby with the waste material downwardly directed on its upper portion, fall to transport mechanism's upside middle part, prevent that the leftover bits from causing the jam.
CN202110764553.4A 2021-07-06 2021-07-06 Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof Withdrawn CN113664719A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110764553.4A CN113664719A (en) 2021-07-06 2021-07-06 Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110764553.4A CN113664719A (en) 2021-07-06 2021-07-06 Aluminum alloy die casting finishing machine and method thereof

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115319555A (en) * 2022-09-15 2022-11-11 晋城市佳翔铸业有限公司 Y-shaped tee cast pipe polishing device
CN115339690A (en) * 2022-10-19 2022-11-15 常州市双马医疗器材有限公司 Conveying mechanism for injector boxing production line
CN116135463A (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-05-19 苏州吉光模具制造有限公司 Flange polishing equipment and application method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115319555A (en) * 2022-09-15 2022-11-11 晋城市佳翔铸业有限公司 Y-shaped tee cast pipe polishing device
CN115339690A (en) * 2022-10-19 2022-11-15 常州市双马医疗器材有限公司 Conveying mechanism for injector boxing production line
CN115339690B (en) * 2022-10-19 2023-01-03 常州市双马医疗器材有限公司 Conveying mechanism for injector boxing production line
CN116135463A (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-05-19 苏州吉光模具制造有限公司 Flange polishing equipment and application method thereof
CN116135463B (en) * 2023-04-14 2023-06-23 苏州吉光模具制造有限公司 Flange polishing equipment and application method thereof

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