CN113580304B - Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment - Google Patents

Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113580304B
CN113580304B CN202110925651.1A CN202110925651A CN113580304B CN 113580304 B CN113580304 B CN 113580304B CN 202110925651 A CN202110925651 A CN 202110925651A CN 113580304 B CN113580304 B CN 113580304B
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clamp
processing device
wood
processing
stair railing
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CN113580304A (en
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陈富威
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Ni Jinting
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Ni Jinting
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/12Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of railings, stairs, stair stringers, ladders, or parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27CPLANING, DRILLING, MILLING, TURNING OR UNIVERSAL MACHINES FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL
    • B27C9/00Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor
    • B27C9/04Multi-purpose machines; Universal machines; Equipment therefor with a plurality of working spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27GACCESSORY MACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; TOOLS FOR WORKING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS; SAFETY DEVICES FOR WOOD WORKING MACHINES OR TOOLS
    • B27G3/00Arrangements for removing bark-zones, chips, waste, or dust, specially designed for use in connection with wood-working machine or in wood-working plants

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Dovetailed Work, And Nailing Machines And Stapling Machines For Wood (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to full-automatic stair railing processing equipment, in particular to full-automatic stair railing processing equipment which comprises a workbench, wood, a feeding table, a first processing device, a second processing device, a conveying device, a feeding device and a stair railing, wherein the feeding device is arranged on the workbench; this equipment is placed timber on the material loading bench through the workman, transport timber to first processingequipment through conveyer and carry out first step processing, finish at first step processing back, second processingequipment carries out second step processing, finish the back in second step processing, in transporting stair railing to material feeding unit by conveyer, material feeding unit transports the stair railing who processes to the station, take out the stair railing by the workman and solved semi-automatic processing stair railing and changed into the technical problem of full-automatic processing stair railing.

Description

Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of full-automatic stair railing processing equipment, in particular to full-automatic stair railing processing equipment.
Background
The existing equipment for processing the stair handrail is usually semi-automatic stair handrail processing equipment, a worker needs to put wood into the processing equipment, the processed stair handrail needs to be placed on a station after the processing is finished, and wood chips need to be manually cleaned. The semi-automatic stair railing processing mode is often required to process stair railings according to production experience of workers, is low in production efficiency and is not suitable for mass production. Therefore, the full-automatic stair railing device capable of automatically cleaning the wood chips is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problem, the full-automatic stair railing processing equipment is provided.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a full-automatic stair railing processing device is applied to processing wood into stair railings and is characterized by comprising a workbench and a stair railing arranged on the workbench,
the clamp is rotatably arranged on the workbench and used for clamping wood;
the wood is placed on the feeding table, and the feeding table is arranged on one side of the clamp;
the first processing device is arranged on one side of the clamp, and the working end of the first processing device faces the wood clamped on the clamp;
the second processing device is arranged on the other side of the clamp, and the working end of the second processing device faces the wood clamped on the clamp;
the finished product vehicle is movably arranged above the workbench and is arranged on one side of the feeding platform away from the clamp;
the material moving device is used for moving the wood on the feeding platform to the working end of the clamp and simultaneously moving the wood on the working end of the clamp to the finished product vehicle;
preferably, the loading table comprises a plurality of loading units,
the discharging plate is fixedly arranged above the workbench;
the discharging die is arranged on the discharging plate and used for positioning the wood;
the first material pushing device is fixedly arranged in the length direction of the material discharging plate;
the second material pushing device is fixedly arranged in the width direction of the material discharging plate;
preferably, the material placing plate is provided with a plurality of limiting blocks which are uniformly arranged on the material placing plate;
preferably, the jig comprises, in combination,
the clamp is arranged at the output end of the rotary driving device;
a tip cone;
one end of the first positioning head is provided with a cross-shaped bulge, and the other end of the first positioning head is coaxially connected with an output shaft of the rotary driving device;
the third material pusher is coaxially arranged with the first positioning head, the output end of the third material pusher faces the first positioning head, the output end of the third material pusher is rotatably connected with the ejection cone, and the distance between the output end of the third material pusher and the first positioning head is equal to the length of wood in the working state of the third material pusher;
preferably, the first processing means comprises,
a first processing device frame;
the first driving device is fixedly arranged on the first processing device rack;
the first linear slide rail is fixedly arranged on the first processing device rack;
the moving end of the slide carriage box is arranged on the first linear slide rail;
the blowing mechanism is embedded in the slide carriage box in a barrel shape;
the rotary cutter bit group is rotatably arranged on one side of the slide carriage box. Preferably, the air blowing mechanism includes, in combination,
one or more air blowing openings are annularly arranged in the slide carriage box hole;
one end of the air inlet is connected with a high-pressure air source, the other end of the air inlet is connected with one or more air pipes, the number of the air pipes is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the air blowing openings, and the air pipes are connected to the air blowing openings;
preferably, the set of rotating knives comprises,
at least one rotary cutter position is rotatably arranged on the slide carriage box;
the hinge group consists of one or more hinges, and the number of the hinges corresponds to the number of the rotary cutter positions one by one;
the lifting cylinder group consists of one or more lifting cylinders, the number of the lifting cylinders corresponds to that of the rotary cutter positions one by one, the lifting cylinders are fixedly arranged on the slide carriage box, and the output end of the lifting cylinder is connected to the hinge;
the connecting rod group consists of one or more connecting rods, the number of the connecting rods corresponds to that of the rotary cutter positions one by one, one end of each connecting rod is rotationally connected to the lifting cylinder through a hinge, and the other end of each connecting rod is rotationally connected to the rotary cutter positions through hinges;
preferably, the first driving means comprises,
the screw rod sliding table is fixedly arranged on the first processing device rack;
one end of the first sliding block is arranged on the screw rod sliding table through threads, and the other end of the first sliding block is fixedly arranged on the slide carriage box;
the second driving motor is fixedly arranged on the first machining device rack, and the driving end is arranged on the screw rod sliding table;
preferably, the second processing means comprises,
a second processing device frame;
the second linear sliding rail is arranged on the second machining device rack;
the conveying belt device is fixedly arranged on the second processing device rack and comprises a belt wheel group consisting of a main belt wheel and a secondary belt wheel; the conveying belt is arranged on the belt pulley group; the third driving motor is fixedly arranged on the second processing device rack, and the output end of the third driving motor is connected to the main belt wheel;
the second sliding table is arranged on the conveying belt device;
the sawtooth cutter is a sawtooth cutter, and the bottom end of the sawtooth cutter is fixedly arranged on the second sliding table;
preferably, the material moving device comprises two industrial robots symmetrically arranged at two ends of the clamp, each industrial robot comprises a mechanical arm and three mechanical arms, the three mechanical arms are arranged side by side along the horizontal direction, in a non-working state, the three mechanical arms are respectively positioned on the feeding table, the clamp and the finished product vehicle, each mechanical arm comprises a first linear driver and a second linear driver, the first linear drivers are horizontally arranged and fixedly installed on the working table, the second linear drivers are vertically arranged and installed at the output ends of the first linear drivers, and each mechanical arm is fixedly installed at the output end of the second linear driver.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, a worker places wood on a feeding platform, the wood is conveyed to a first processing device through a material moving device, the wood is clamped through a clamp, the first-step processing is carried out, after the first-step processing is finished, a second processing device carries out second-step processing, after the second-step processing is finished, a stair handrail is conveyed to a finished product vehicle through the material moving device, the finished product vehicle conveys the processed stair handrail to a station, and then the worker takes out the stair handrail, so that the technical problem that the semi-automatic processing stair handrail is changed into the full-automatic processing stair handrail is solved;
2. according to the invention, the timber is placed on the discharging mould, then the discharging mould is placed on the discharging plate, and then the discharging mould is pushed to the specified position by the first material pusher and the second material pusher, wherein the first material pusher and the second material pusher respectively comprise an air cylinder and a push plate, so that the technical problem of accurately placing the timber on the feeding platform is solved;
3. the discharging mould is pushed to the limiting block through the first material pusher and the second material pusher to complete positioning, so that the technical problem that the discharging mould is deflected under the driving of the first material pusher and the second material pusher is solved;
4. according to the wood positioning device, the third material pusher pushes the top cone to the first positioning head, so that the wood is positioned and driven to rotate by the rotary driving device, and the rotary driving device comprises the motor box and the first driving motor, so that the technical problem of how to clamp and rotate the wood by the clamp is solved;
5. the wood is conveyed to the first processing device through the material moving device, the wood is clamped through the clamp, then the wood is driven to rotate through the driving of the rotating driving device, then the slide carriage drives the rotating tool bit group and the air blowing mechanism to do linear motion under the driving of the first driving device, the tool on the rotating tool bit group processes the wood, and the air blowing mechanism cleans the wood chips, so that the technical problem of how to process the wood by the first processing device is solved;
6. the high-pressure air source is connected with the air inlet through the air inlet and is an air compressor, and the air blowing port blows air to clean the sawdust, so that the technical problem of how to clean the sawdust by the air blowing mechanism is solved;
7. according to the wood cutting machine, the lifting cylinder drives the connecting rod to do vertical rotary motion, the connecting rod drives the hinge to do vertical linear motion, and the hinge drives the rotary cutter position to do vertical rotary motion so as to cut off wood, so that the technical problem of how to process wood by the rotary cutter position is solved;
8. according to the invention, the screw rod of the screw rod sliding table is driven to rotate by the second driving motor, the screw rod drives the first sliding block to do linear motion, and the first sliding block drives the slide carriage to do linear motion, so that the technical problem of how to drive the slide carriage to do linear motion by the first driving device is solved;
9. the invention drives the second sliding table to do linear motion through the conveying belt device, and the second sliding table drives the sawtooth cutter to move to the first processing device to process wood, thereby solving the technical problem of how to process wood by the second processing device;
10. according to the invention, the manipulator is a finger cylinder provided with a clamping jaw, the first linear driver is a synchronous belt sliding table, the second linear driver is a cylinder sliding table, the first linear driver and the second linear driver form the manipulator, and the manipulator is driven by the manipulator to complete material grabbing and moving, so that the technical problem of how to convey wood and stair handrails by the material moving device is solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the working portion of the present invention;
fig. 3 and 4 are perspective views of the processing device of the present invention from different viewing angles;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 4 at A;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a first processing device of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a partial enlarged view at B of fig. 6;
FIG. 8 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 8 at section C-C;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a clamp portion of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the loading table of the present invention;
the reference numbers in the figures are:
1-a workbench;
2-wood;
3-a feeding table; 3 a-a material discharging plate; 3a 1-stop block; 3 b-a discharging mould; 3 c-a first pusher; 3 d-a second pusher;
4-clamping; 4 a-a third pusher; 4 b-a first positioning head; 4 c-tip cone; 4 d-a rotary drive; 4d 1-motor case; 4d2 — first drive motor;
5-a first processing device; 5 a-a first processing device frame; 5 b-a slide box; 5 c-a blowing mechanism; 5c 1-air inlet; 5c 2-air blowing port; 5 d-rotating the tool bit group; 5d 1-rotating knife position; 5d 2-linkage; 5d 3-hinge set; 5d 4-Lift cylinder group; 5 e-a first linear slide;
6-a first drive; 6 a-a screw rod sliding table; 6 b-a first slider; 6 c-a second drive motor;
7-a second processing device; 7 a-a second processing device frame; 7 b-a second linear slide; 7 c-conveyor means; 7c1 — capstan; 7c 2-driven wheel; 7c 3-conveyor belt; 7c 4-third drive motor; 7c4 — second slide table; 7 d-a serrated cutter;
8-stair railing;
9-a material moving device; 9 a-a robotic arm; 9a1 — first linear drive; 9a2 — second linear drive;
9 b-a manipulator;
10-finished product vehicle.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to disclose the invention so as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention. The preferred embodiments described below are by way of example only, and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art.
In order to solve the technical problem of changing the semi-automatic processing stair railing into the full-automatic processing stair railing, as shown in fig. 1-10, the following technical scheme is provided:
a full-automatic processing device for processing a stair railing, which is applied to processing wood 2 into a stair railing 8, is characterized by comprising a worktable 1 and a processing device arranged on the worktable 1,
the clamp 4, the clamp 4 is rotatably mounted on the work bench 1, the clamp 4 is used for clamping the timber 2;
the wood 2 is placed on the feeding table 3, and the feeding table 3 is arranged on one side of the clamp;
the first processing device 5, the first processing device 5 is arranged at one side of the clamp, and the working end of the first processing device 5 faces the wood 2 clamped on the clamp 4;
the second processing device 7, the second processing device 7 is arranged at the other side of the clamp 4, and the working end of the second processing device 7 faces the wood 2 clamped on the clamp 4;
the finished product vehicle 10 is movably arranged above the workbench 1, and the finished product vehicle 10 is arranged on one side of the feeding platform 3 away from the clamp 4;
the material moving device 9 is used for moving the wood 2 on the feeding platform 3 to the working end of the clamp 4, and simultaneously moving the wood 2 on the working end of the clamp 4 to the finished product vehicle 10;
concretely, above technical characteristics place timber 2 on material loading platform 3 through the workman, through moving material device 9 and transporting timber 2 to first processingequipment 5, through 4 centre gripping woods 2 of anchor clamps, carry out first step processing, after first step processing finishes, second processingequipment 6 carries out the processing of second step, after the processing of second step finishes, in transporting stair railing 8 to finished product car 10 by moving material device 9, finished product car 10 transports the stair railing 8 that has processed on the station, thereby taken out stair railing 8 by the workman and solved the technical problem that semi-automatic processing stair railing changes into full-automatic processing stair railing.
Further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how to accurately place the wood 2 on the feeding table 3, as shown in fig. 2, the following technical solutions are provided:
it is characterized in that the feeding platform 3 comprises,
the material placing plate 3a is fixedly arranged above the workbench 1;
the discharging mould 3b is arranged on the discharging plate 3a, and the discharging mould 3b is used for positioning the wood 2;
a first material pushing device 3c, wherein the first material pushing device 3c is fixedly arranged in the length direction of the material discharging plate 3 a;
the second material pushing device 3d is fixedly arranged in the width direction of the material discharging plate 3 a;
specifically, the technical characteristics are that wood 2 is placed on the discharging mould 3b, then the discharging mould 3b is placed on the discharging plate 3a, and then the discharging mould 3b is pushed to the specified position by the first material pusher 3c and the second material pusher 3d, wherein the first material pusher and the second material pusher respectively comprise an air cylinder and a push plate, so that the technical problem of how to accurately place the wood 2 on the feeding table 3 is solved.
And further:
in order to solve the technical problem of preventing the discharging mould 3b from deviating under the driving of the first cylinder 3c and the second cylinder 3d, as shown in fig. 2, the following technical scheme is provided:
the device is characterized in that the material discharging plate 3a is provided with a limiting block 3a1, and a plurality of limiting blocks 3a1 are uniformly arranged on the material discharging plate 3 a;
specifically, the above technical features push the discharging mold 3b to the limiting block 3a1 through the first pusher 3c and the second pusher 3d to complete the positioning, thereby solving the technical problem that the discharging mold is deflected under the driving of the first pusher and the second pusher.
And further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how to clamp and rotate the wood 2 by the clamp 4, as shown in fig. 10, the following technical solutions are provided:
it is characterized in that the clamp 4 comprises,
a tip cone 4c;
a rotary driving device 4d, wherein the clamp is arranged at the output end of the rotary driving device 4 d;
one end of the first positioning head 4b is provided with a cross-shaped bulge, and the other end of the first positioning head 4b is coaxially connected with an output shaft of the rotary driving device 4 d;
the third material pusher 4a is coaxially arranged with the first positioning head 4b, the output end of the third material pusher 4a faces the first positioning head 4b, the output end of the third material pusher 4a is rotationally connected with the tip cone 4c, and the distance between the output end of the third material pusher 4a and the first positioning head 4b is equal to the length of the wood 2 in the working state of the third material pusher 4 a;
in particular, the wood 2 is pushed to the first positioning head 4b by the tip cone 4c through the third pusher 4a, the positioning is completed by driving and rotating the rotary driving device 4d, and the rotary driving device 4d comprises a motor box 4d1 and a first driving motor 4d2, so that the technical problem of how to clamp and rotate the wood 2 by the clamp is solved.
Further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how the first processing device 5 processes the wood 2, as shown in fig. 2-7, the following technical solutions are provided:
characterized in that the first processing device 4 comprises,
a first processing device frame 5 a;
the first driving device 6, the first driving device 6 is fixedly arranged on the first processing device frame 5 a;
the first linear slide rail 5e is fixedly arranged on the first processing device rack 5 a;
the slide carriage box 5b, the moving end of the slide carriage box 5b is installed on the first linear slide rail 5 e;
the blowing mechanism 5c is embedded in the slide carriage box 5b in a barrel shape;
the rotary cutter bit group 5d is rotatably arranged on one side of the slide carriage box 5 b;
specifically, above technical characteristics transport timber 2 to first processingequipment 5 through moving material device 9, through anchor clamps 4 with 2 centre grippings of timber, then drive through rotary driving device 4d and drive timber 2 rotatoryly, then carriage box 5b drives rotatory tool bit group 5d and air blowing mechanism 5c and is linear motion under the drive of first drive arrangement 6, the tool processing timber 2 on the rotatory tool bit group 5d, thereby air blowing mechanism 5c is the technical problem how processing timber with the first processingequipment of saw-dust clearance.
And further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how the blowing mechanism 4g cleans the wood chips, as shown in fig. 5 and 7, the following technical solutions are provided:
it is characterized in that the blowing mechanism 5c comprises,
one or more air blowing openings 5c2 and 5c2 are annularly arranged in the hole of the slide carriage box 5 b;
one end of the air inlet 5c1 is connected with a high-pressure air source, the other end of the air inlet 5c1 is connected with one or more air pipes, the number of the air pipes is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the air blowing openings 5c2, and the air pipes are connected to the air blowing openings 5c 2;
specifically, the air inlet 5c1 is connected with a high-pressure air source for air inlet, the high-pressure air source is an air compressor, and the air blowing port 5c2 blows air to clean the sawdust, so that the technical problem of how to clean the sawdust by the air blowing mechanism is solved.
Further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how to process the wood 2 by the rotary cutter set 5d, as shown in fig. 7, the following technical solutions are provided:
characterized in that the rotary cutter group 5d comprises,
the rotary cutter positions 5d1, at least one of the rotary cutter positions 5d1 is rotatably arranged on the slide carriage box 5 b;
the hinge group 5d3, the hinge group 5d3 is composed of one or more hinges, and the number of the hinges is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the rotary cutter positions 5d 1;
the lifting cylinder group 5d4, the lifting cylinder group 5d4 is composed of one or more lifting cylinders, the number of the lifting cylinders is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the rotating cutter positions 5d1, the lifting cylinders are fixedly arranged on the slide carriage box 5b, and the output end of the lifting cylinders is connected to the hinge;
the connecting rod group 5d2 is characterized in that the connecting rod group 5d2 consists of one or more connecting rods, the number of the connecting rods corresponds to the number of the rotating cutter positions 5d1 one by one, one end of each connecting rod is rotatably connected to the lifting cylinder through a hinge, and the other end of each connecting rod is rotatably connected to the rotating cutter position 5d1 through a hinge;
specifically, the lifting cylinder drives the connecting rod to rotate up and down, the connecting rod drives the hinge to linearly move up and down, and the hinge drives the rotary cutter position 5d1 to rotate up and down to cut off the wood 2, so that the technical problem of how to machine the wood 2 by the rotary cutter position is solved.
Further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how the first driving device 5 drives the carriage box 5b to make a linear motion, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the following technical solutions are provided:
characterized in that the first driving means 6 comprise,
the screw rod sliding table 6a is fixedly arranged on the first machining device rack 5 a;
one end of the first sliding block 6b is arranged on the screw rod sliding table 6a through threads, and the other end of the first sliding block 6b is fixedly arranged on the slide carriage box 5 b;
the second driving motor 6c is fixedly arranged on the first machining device rack 5a, and the driving end is arranged on the screw rod sliding table 6 a;
specifically, the screw rod of the screw rod sliding table 6a is driven to rotate by the second driving motor 6c, the first sliding block 6b is driven to do linear motion by the screw rod, and the first sliding block 6b drives the slide carriage box 5b to do linear motion, so that the technical problem of how the first driving device drives the slide carriage box to do linear motion is solved.
And further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how the second processing device 7 processes the wood 2, as shown in fig. 4, the following technical solutions are provided:
characterized in that the second processing device 7 comprises,
the second processing device frame 7a 1;
a second linear slide rail 7b, the second linear slide rail 7b being mounted on the second machining device frame 7a 1;
the conveying belt device 7c is fixedly arranged on the second processing device rack 7a1, and the conveying belt device 7c comprises a belt wheel group consisting of a main belt wheel 7c1 and a secondary belt wheel 7c 2; conveyor belt 7c3, conveyor belt 7c3 is mounted on the pulley set; the third driving motor 7c4, the third driving motor 7c4 is fixedly installed on the second processing device frame 7a1, and the output end thereof is connected to the main belt wheel 7c 1;
a second slide table 7c5, the second slide table 7c5 being mounted on the conveyor belt device 7 c;
the sawtooth cutter 7d is a sawtooth cutter 7d, and the bottom end of the sawtooth cutter 7d is fixedly arranged on the second sliding table 7c 5;
specifically, the second sliding table 7c5 is driven to make linear motion by the conveyor belt device 7c, and the second sliding table 7c5 is driven to move the sawtooth cutter to the first processing device 5 to process the wood 2, so that the technical problem of how to process the wood 2 by the second processing device 7 is solved.
Further:
in order to solve the technical problem of how the material moving device transports the wood 2 and the stair railing 8, as shown in fig. 1 and 8, the following technical solutions are provided:
it is characterized in that the material moving device 9 comprises,
the material moving device 9 comprises two industrial robots symmetrically arranged at two ends of the clamp, each industrial robot comprises a mechanical arm 9a and three mechanical arms 9b, the three mechanical arms are arranged side by side along the horizontal direction, in a non-working state, the three mechanical arms are respectively positioned right above the feeding table 3, the clamp 4 and the finished product vehicle 10, the mechanical arm 9a comprises a first linear driver 9c1 and a second linear driver 9c2, the first linear driver 9c1 is horizontally arranged and fixedly arranged on the workbench 1, the second linear driver 9c2 is vertically arranged and arranged at the output end of the first linear driver 9c1, and each mechanical arm 9b is fixedly arranged at the output end of the second linear driver 9;
specifically, above technical characteristics are through manipulator 9b to install the finger cylinder of clamping jaw, and first linear actuator is the hold-in range slip table, and second linear actuator is the cylinder slip table, and first linear actuator and second driver constitute manipulator 9a, and manipulator 9b is accomplished through manipulator 9a and is grabbed the material and move the material and solve the technical problem who moves the material device and how transport timber 2 and stair railing 8.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, the device is arranged on a workbench, and the workbench is arranged on an automatic processing station;
secondly, a worker places the wood on a feeding table through a clamp, a mechanical arm conveys the wood to a first processing device through a conveying device for first-step processing, after the first-step processing is finished, a second processing device carries out second-step processing, after the second-step processing is finished, a first driving motor stops rotating, and the mechanical arm clamps the processed stair handrail and conveys the stair handrail to a feeding device through the conveying device;
step three, the finished product vehicle conveys the stair handrail to a designated station;
and step four, taking the stair handrail out of the feeding device by a worker and placing the stair handrail on a station.

Claims (7)

1. A full-automatic stair railing processing device is applied to processing wood (2) into a stair railing (8), and is characterized by comprising a workbench (1) and a stair railing frame arranged on the workbench (1),
the clamp (4), the clamp (4) is rotatably installed on the workbench (1), and the clamp (4) is used for clamping the wood (2);
the wood (2) is placed on the feeding table (3), and the feeding table (3) is arranged on one side of the clamp;
the first processing device (5), the first processing device (5) is arranged on one side of the clamp, and the working end of the first processing device (5) faces the wood (2) clamped on the clamp (4);
the second processing device (7), the second processing device (7) is arranged on the other side of the clamp (4), and the working end of the second processing device (7) faces the wood (2) clamped on the clamp (4);
the finished product vehicle (10) is movably arranged above the workbench (1), and the finished product vehicle (10) is arranged on one side, far away from the clamp (4), of the feeding platform (3);
the material moving device (9), the material moving device (9) is used for moving the wood (2) on the feeding platform (3) to the working end of the clamp (4), and simultaneously moving the wood (2) on the working end of the clamp (4) to the finished product vehicle (10);
the clamp (4) comprises a clamp body (4),
a tip cone (4 c);
the rotary driving device (4 d), the clamp (4) is arranged at the output end of the rotary driving device (4 d);
one end of the first positioning head (4 b) is provided with a cross-shaped bulge, and the other end of the first positioning head (4 b) is coaxially connected with an output shaft of the rotary driving device (4 d);
the third material pusher (4 a) and the first positioning head (4 b) are coaxially arranged, the output end of the third material pusher (4 a) faces the first positioning head (4 b), the output end of the third material pusher (4 a) is rotatably connected with a top cone (4 c), and the distance between the output end of the third material pusher (4 a) and the first positioning head (4 b) is equal to the length of the wood (2) in the working state of the third material pusher (4 a);
the first processing device (5) comprises,
a first processing device frame (5 a);
the first driving device (6), the first driving device (6) is fixedly arranged on the first processing device frame (5 a);
the first linear sliding rail (5 e), the first linear sliding rail (5 e) is fixedly installed on the first processing device rack (5 a);
the slide carriage box (5 b), the moving end of the slide carriage box (5 b) is installed on the first linear slide rail (5 e);
the blowing mechanism (5 c) is embedded in the slide carriage box (5 b) in a barrel shape;
the rotary cutter bit group (5 d), the rotary cutter bit group (5 d) is rotatably arranged on one side of the slide carriage box (5 b);
the group of rotary cutting bits (5 d) comprises,
the rotary cutter positions (5 d 1), at least one of the rotary cutter positions (5 d 1) is rotatably arranged on the slide carriage box (5 b);
the hinge group (5 d 3), the hinge group (5 d 3) is composed of one or more hinges, and the number of the hinges is in one-to-one correspondence with the number of the rotary cutter positions (5 d 1);
the lifting cylinder group (5 d 4), the lifting cylinder group (5 d 4) is composed of one or more lifting cylinders, the number of the lifting cylinders is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the rotary cutter positions (5 d 1), the lifting cylinders are fixedly arranged on the slide carriage box (5 b), and the output end of the lifting cylinder is connected to the hinge;
the connecting rod group (5 d 2), the connecting rod group (5 d 2) comprises one or more connecting rods, and the connecting rod figure and rotatory sword position (5 d 1) figure one-to-one, and connecting rod one end passes through hinge swivelling joint on lifting cylinder, and the other end passes through hinge swivelling joint on rotatory sword position (5 d 1).
2. The fully automatic stair railing processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the feeding table (3) includes,
the discharging plate (3 a), the discharging plate (3 a) is fixedly arranged above the workbench (1);
the discharging die (3 b), the discharging die (3 b) is arranged on the discharging plate (3 a), and the discharging die (3 b) is used for positioning the wood (2);
the first material pushing device (3 c), the first material pushing device (3 c) is fixedly arranged in the length direction of the material discharging plate (3 a);
and the second material pushing device (3 d), and the second material pushing device (3 d) is fixedly arranged in the width direction of the material discharging plate (3 a).
3. The fully automatic stair railing processing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the material feeding plate (3 a) is provided with a stopper (3 a 1), and the stopper (3 a 1) is provided in plurality and uniformly on the material feeding plate (3 a).
4. The fully automatic stair railing processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the air blowing means (5 c) comprises,
one or more air blowing openings (5 c 2) and one or more air blowing openings (5 c 2) are annularly arranged in the hole of the slide carriage box (5 b);
one end of the air inlet (5 c 1) is connected with a high-pressure air source, the other end of the air inlet (5 c 1) is connected with one or more air pipes, the number of the air pipes is one-to-one corresponding to the number of the air blowing openings (5 c 2), and the air pipes are connected to the air blowing openings (5 c 2).
5. The fully automatic stair railing processing device according to claim 1, wherein the first driving means (6) comprises,
the screw rod sliding table (6 a), the screw rod sliding table (6 a) is fixedly arranged on the first processing device rack (5 a);
one end of the first sliding block (6 b) is installed on the screw rod sliding table (6 a) through threads, and the other end of the first sliding block (6 b) is fixedly installed on the slide carriage box (5 b);
the second driving motor (6 c), the second driving motor (6 c) is fixedly installed on the first machining device rack (5 a), and the driving end is installed on the screw rod sliding table (6 a).
6. The fully automatic stair railing processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the second processing means (7) comprises,
a second processing device frame (7 a 1);
the second linear slide rail (7 b), the second linear slide rail (7 b) is installed on the second processing device frame (7 a 1);
the conveyor belt device (7 c), the conveyor belt device (7 c) is fixedly installed on the second processing device rack (7 a 1), and the conveyor belt device (7 c) comprises a belt wheel group consisting of a main belt wheel (7 c 1) and a secondary belt wheel (7 c 2); the conveyor belt (7 c 3), the conveyor belt (7 c 3) is installed on the pulley block; the third driving motor (7 c 4), the third driving motor (7 c 4) is fixedly installed on the second processing device frame (7 a 1), and the output end of the third driving motor is connected to the main belt wheel (7 c 1);
a second slide table (7 c 5), the second slide table (7 c 5) is arranged on the conveyor belt device (7 c);
sawtooth cutter (7 d), sawtooth cutter (7 d) are the sawtooth shape cutter, and its bottom fixed mounting is on second slip table (7 c 5).
7. The fully automatic stair railing processing equipment according to claim 1, characterised in that the material moving device (9) comprises two industrial robots symmetrically arranged at both ends of the clamp, each industrial robot comprising a robot arm (9 a) and three robot arms (9 b), which are arranged side by side in a horizontal direction and which, in the non-operating state, three manipulators are located material loading platform (3) respectively, directly over anchor clamps (4) and finished product car (10), arm (9 a) include first linear actuator (9 a 1) and second linear actuator (9 a 2), first linear actuator (9 a 1) level sets up and fixed mounting is on workstation (1), the vertical setting of second linear actuator (9 a 2) is and install the output at first linear actuator (9 a 1), every manipulator (9 b) all fixed mounting is at the output of second linear actuator (9 a 2).
CN202110925651.1A 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment Active CN113580304B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110925651.1A CN113580304B (en) 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110925651.1A CN113580304B (en) 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 Full-automatic stair railing processing equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE59802054D1 (en) * 1998-03-10 2001-12-13 Hermle Berthold Maschf Ag Machine for processing bar-shaped workpieces
CN203527468U (en) * 2013-10-29 2014-04-09 殷恒伟 Novel full-automatic computer numerical control lathe manipulator
CN206263269U (en) * 2016-08-16 2017-06-20 安徽合力股份有限公司合肥铸锻厂 A kind of workpiece interrupted cut that improves is shaken the lathe of knife mark
CN210161339U (en) * 2018-09-26 2020-03-20 永清县胜利木业有限公司 Wood turning device for machining
CN111805636A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-10-23 东南大学 Single-shaft three-tool-rest wood lathe
CN112077975A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-15 曾海洪 Automatic rattan device of winding of rattan chair wood handle

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