CN113440385B - Training and auxiliary integrated supporting device - Google Patents

Training and auxiliary integrated supporting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113440385B
CN113440385B CN202110672431.2A CN202110672431A CN113440385B CN 113440385 B CN113440385 B CN 113440385B CN 202110672431 A CN202110672431 A CN 202110672431A CN 113440385 B CN113440385 B CN 113440385B
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China
Prior art keywords
supporting
column
wall
rod
component
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CN202110672431.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113440385A (en
Inventor
娄小语
陆佳妮
王权
张子未
金敏霞
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Shanghai Yanzhi Rehabilitation Hospital Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center
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Shanghai Yanzhi Rehabilitation Hospital Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center
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Priority to CN202110672431.2A priority Critical patent/CN113440385B/en
Publication of CN113440385A publication Critical patent/CN113440385A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0405Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs involving a bending of the knee and hip joints simultaneously
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0482Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs primarily by articulating the hip joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0494Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs primarily by articulating the knee joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H2003/006Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about with forearm rests, i.e. for non-used arms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • A61H2003/0238Crutches convertible from forearm crutch into cane

Abstract

The invention discloses a training and auxiliary integrated supporting device, which comprises a supporting column, wherein the supporting column comprises an upper column and a lower column, a telescopic part is arranged between the upper column and the lower column, one side of the supporting column is provided with a containing device, the containing device comprises a sliding positioning part, a containing box arranged at the sliding end of the sliding positioning part and a plurality of supporting legs hinged to the bottom of the containing box, and two ends of the sliding positioning part are respectively connected with the outer walls of the upper column and the lower column through mounting parts; the top of the upper column is provided with a handrail device, and the handrail device comprises a first handrail, a second handrail arranged in the containing box and a connecting part arranged at the top of the upper column; the outer wall of the lower column is provided with an auxiliary station auxiliary seat part, and the auxiliary station auxiliary seat part comprises an auxiliary station supporting part and an auxiliary seat supporting part; the lower column bottom is provided with a base device, and the base device comprises a double-friction anti-falling component and a multi-angle supporting component. The invention provides a supporting device which is convenient for assembling accessories of the supporting device according to different requirements and is convenient for accommodating the accessories.

Description

Training and auxiliary integrated supporting device
Technical Field
The invention mainly relates to the technical field of medical rehabilitation equipment, in particular to a training and assisting integrated supporting device.
Background
People with osteoarthritis, people after prostate cancer operation, people with acquired brain injury and people with early and middle stage Parkinson disease all have walking disorder, and need a supporting device for assisting walking and rehabilitation training.
According to a crutch provided by patent document with the application number of CN201921241896.7, the improved product comprises a crutch body, wherein a first clamping block is installed on the crutch body, a sliding sleeve is installed on the crutch body in a sliding manner, a second clamping block is installed on the sliding sleeve, and an escalator handrail clamping opening is formed between the first clamping block and the second clamping block; the walking stick is characterized in that a locking support frame is arranged on the walking stick body in a sliding mode, a locking mechanism is arranged on the locking support frame, and the sliding sleeve is locked and positioned with the walking stick body through the locking mechanism. The product is convenient for the old to go up and down stairs, is not only convenient to carry, but also is safe.
The old man of being convenient for among the above-mentioned patent goes up and down stairs, not only portable, and safety moreover nevertheless is not convenient for carry out the accessory equipment to strutting arrangement according to different demands, and the patient of just not being convenient for carries out the rehabilitation training not being convenient for accomodate of accessory.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly provides a training and auxiliary integrated supporting device, which is used for solving the technical problems in the background technology.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a supporting device integrating training and assisting comprises a supporting column, wherein the supporting column comprises an upper column and a lower column, a telescopic part is arranged between the upper column and the lower column, a containing device is arranged on one side of the supporting column, the containing device comprises a vertically arranged sliding positioning part, a containing box arranged at the sliding end of the sliding positioning part, and a plurality of supporting legs hinged to the bottom of the containing box, and two ends of the sliding positioning part are respectively connected with the outer walls of the upper column and the lower column through mounting parts;
the top of the upper column is provided with an armrest device, the armrest device comprises a first armrest arranged on the upper part of the upper column, a second armrest arranged in the containing box and a connecting part arranged on the top of the upper column, and the connecting part is used for connecting the first armrest or the second armrest;
the auxiliary station auxiliary seat part comprises auxiliary station supporting parts symmetrically hinged to the outer wall of the lower column and auxiliary seat supporting parts arranged on the outer wall of the lower column;
the lower column bottom is provided with a base device, the base device comprises a double-friction anti-falling component arranged at the lower column bottom and a multi-angle supporting component arranged in the containing box, and one of the double-friction anti-falling component and the multi-angle supporting component can be installed at the lower column bottom.
Preferably, the telescopic part is including locating the first column that extends of column shoe portion locates the second of column shoe portion extends the post, and the cover is located first column that extends and the outer tube that the second extends the post outer wall, and runs through a plurality of spacer pins of outer tube, first column that extends and the second extend the post outer wall and all are equipped with a plurality of bosses that prevent changeing, the outer tube inner wall is equipped with prevents changeing the recess. In the preferred embodiment, the length of the support column is easily adjusted by the telescopic member to facilitate use by different patients.
Preferably, the sliding positioning component comprises a sliding rail, a sliding block connected with the sliding rail in a sliding manner, a plurality of positioning holes formed in the side wall of the sliding rail, and a positioning rod penetrating through the positioning holes and connected with the sliding block in a threaded manner, wherein the sliding block is connected with the outer wall of the containing box. In the preferred embodiment, the position of the containing box is convenient to adjust through sliding the positioning part, and the containing box can be used for containing accessories and can be matched with the supporting column to form a seat.
Preferably, the mounting part comprises a mounting rod arranged on the outer wall of the support column, a locking pipe arranged on the outer wall of the slide rail, a plurality of elastic sheets arranged at one end of the locking pipe and used for clamping the mounting rod, and a pressure pipe in threaded connection with the outer wall of the locking pipe, wherein the inner wall of the pressure pipe is an inclined plane. In the preferred embodiment, the mounting member facilitates the connection and disconnection between the storage device and the support column.
Preferably, first handrail includes first bracing piece to and the symmetry is located the bar at first bracing piece top, the second handrail includes the second bracing piece, locates the forearm backup pad at second bracing piece top, and locate tiger's mouth safety shield in the forearm backup pad, first bracing piece with second bracing piece lateral wall all is equipped with the U-shaped through-hole. In the preferred embodiment, unlike the single-sided supportable arm rest provided by conventional crutches, the first arm rest can accommodate the different gripping habits of the aging population using a dual arm rest design, and the second arm rest can distribute the support surface across the forearm, unlike previous hand grips.
Preferably, the connecting part comprises a mounting hole which is arranged at the top of the upper column and is used for connecting the first support rod or the second support rod, a first spring which is sleeved on the outer wall of the upper column and is used for elastically supporting the first handrail or the second handrail, and a limiting rod which penetrates through the outer wall of the upper column and extends into the U-shaped through hole. In the preferred embodiment, the attachment member facilitates the removal and installation of the armrest.
Preferably, the auxiliary station supporting component comprises a hinge block symmetrically hinged to the outer wall of the lower column and an auxiliary station plate in threaded connection with the hinge block. In the preferred embodiment, the secondary station support member facilitates the secondary user to complete the seat station transfer.
Preferably, the auxiliary seat supporting part comprises a positioning track ring slidably connected with the side wall of the lower column, a positioning screw in threaded connection with the positioning track ring, and two auxiliary seat plates slidably connected with the positioning track ring. In the preferred embodiment, the auxiliary seat support part is convenient for assisting the user to complete the standing and seating conversion.
Preferably, the multi-angle support component comprises a first threaded connecting rod and is arranged on a polyhedral base at the bottom of the first threaded connecting rod, the double-friction anti-falling component comprises a second threaded connecting rod and is arranged on a four-foot support base at the bottom of the second threaded connecting rod and is arranged on a radial tire at the inner wall of the four-foot support base, and the radial tire is connected with the top of the inner wall of the four-foot support base through a lifting component. In the preferred embodiment, the multi-angle supporting component provides a supporting mode of different positions and angles of the whole product for a user, and the double-friction anti-falling component can provide static friction support and dynamic friction support for the user.
Preferably, the lifting component includes vertical locating the track board at four feet support base inner wall top, the elevator of sliding connection track board is located four feet support base inner wall top and are used for pushing down the second spring of elevator, locate the spacing spout of elevator outer wall, and locate four feet support base inner wall top and the elasticity hook pole of the spacing spout inner wall of sliding connection, radial tire is connected to the elevator bottom. In the preferred embodiment, the radial tire is convenient to descend, use and ascend and store by the ascending and descending component.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the support device is convenient for assembling accessories according to different requirements, the accessories can be conveniently accommodated through the accommodating device, and the rehabilitation training of a patient can be conveniently carried out through the combination of the accessories;
the length of the supporting column can be conveniently adjusted through the telescopic part, so that different patients can use the supporting column conveniently, the position of the containing box can be conveniently adjusted through the sliding positioning part, the containing box can be matched with the supporting column to form a seat while accessories can be contained, the containing device and the supporting column can be conveniently connected or separated through the mounting part, the chair is different from a single-side supportable armrest provided by a traditional crutch, the first armrest adopts a double-armrest design and can adapt to different gripping habits of aged people, the second armrest is different from the conventional hand gripping mode, the supporting surface can be dispersed on the whole forearm, the disassembly and installation of the armrest are convenient through the connecting part, an auxiliary user can conveniently complete the sitting and standing conversion through the auxiliary standing supporting part, the auxiliary user can conveniently complete the standing and sitting conversion through the auxiliary standing supporting part, the multi-angle supporting part provides a supporting mode of different positions and angles of the whole product for users, the double-friction anti-falling component can provide static friction support and dynamic friction support for a user, and is convenient for the radial tire to descend for use and ascend and store through the lifting component.
The present invention will be explained in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the overall construction of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the storage device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the support column structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the dual friction fall prevention feature of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a side view of the principal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the overall construction of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a sectional view showing the structure of the elevating member of the present invention.
Description of the drawings: 10. a support pillar; 11. putting the column on; 12. column descending; 13. a telescopic member; 131. a first extending column; 132. a second extending column; 133. an outer sleeve; 134. a limit pin; 135. an anti-rotation boss; 136. an anti-rotation groove; 20. a storage device; 21. a slide positioning member; 211. a slide rail; 212. a slider; 213. positioning holes; 214. positioning a rod; 22. a mounting member; 221. a locking tube; 222. an elastic sheet; 223. pressing a pipe; 224. mounting a rod; 23. a storage box; 24. supporting legs; 30. a handrail device; 31. a first armrest; 311. a first support bar; 312. a grab rail; 32. a second armrest; 321. a second support bar; 322. a forearm support plate; 323. a tiger mouth safety baffle; 324. a U-shaped through hole; 33. a connecting member; 331. mounting holes; 332. a first spring; 333. a limiting rod; 40. an auxiliary station seating member; 41. a secondary station support member; 411. a hinged block; 412. an auxiliary standing plate; 42. an auxiliary seat supporting member; 421. positioning the orbital ring; 422. positioning a screw rod; 423. an auxiliary seat plate; 50. a base unit; 51. a double friction fall prevention member; 511. a second threaded connecting rod; 512. a four-legged support base; 513. a radial tire; 514. a lifting member; 5141. a track plate; 5142. a lifting block; 5143. a second spring; 5144. a limiting chute; 5145. an elastic hook rod; 52. a multi-angle support member; 521. a first threaded connecting rod; 522. a polyhedral base.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate an understanding of the invention, the invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which several embodiments of the invention are shown, but which may be embodied in different forms and not limited to the embodiments described herein, but which are provided so as to provide a more thorough and complete disclosure of the invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may be present, and when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present, as the terms "vertical", "horizontal", "left", "right" and the like are used herein for descriptive purposes only.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs, and the knowledge of the terms used herein in the specification of the present invention is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments and is not intended to limit the present invention, and the term "and/or" as used herein includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Please refer to fig. 1, 2, 3, and 7, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a training and assisting integrated supporting apparatus includes a supporting column 10, the supporting column 10 includes an upper column 11 and a lower column 12, a telescopic member 13 is disposed between the upper column 11 and the lower column 12, a receiving device 20 is disposed on one side of the supporting column 10, the receiving device 20 includes a vertically disposed sliding positioning member 21, a receiving box 23 disposed at a sliding end of the sliding positioning member 21, and a plurality of supporting legs 24 hinged to a bottom of the receiving box 23, two ends of the sliding positioning member 21 are respectively connected to outer walls of the upper column 11 and the lower column 12 through mounting members 22; the telescopic component 13 includes a first extending column 131 disposed at the bottom of the upper column 11, a second extending column 132 disposed at the top of the lower column 12, an outer sleeve 133 sleeved on the outer walls of the first extending column 131 and the second extending column 132, and a plurality of limit pins 134 penetrating through the outer sleeve 133, the outer walls of the first extending column 131 and the second extending column 132 are respectively provided with a plurality of anti-rotation bosses 135, the inner wall of the outer sleeve 133 is provided with anti-rotation grooves 136, the sliding positioning component 21 includes a sliding rail 211, a sliding block 212 slidably connected to the sliding rail 211, a plurality of positioning holes 213 disposed on the side wall of the sliding rail 211, and a positioning rod 214 penetrating through the positioning holes 213 and threadedly connected to the sliding block 212, the sliding block 212 is connected to the outer wall of the storage box 23, the mounting component 22 includes a mounting rod 224 disposed on the outer wall of the support column 10, a locking tube 221 disposed on the outer wall of the sliding rail 211, and a plurality of elastic pieces 222 disposed at one end of the locking tube 221 and used for clamping the mounting rod 224, and a pressure applying pipe 223 screwed with the outer wall of the locking pipe 221, wherein the inner wall of the pressure applying pipe 223 is an inclined surface.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, the support column 10 may be assembled with accessories as needed, the accessories may be placed in the storage box 23, the position of the storage box 23 may be adjusted by sliding the positioning member 21 so as to form a seat in cooperation with the support column 10, the storage device 20 and the support column 10 may be quickly connected or separated by the mounting member 22, and after the storage device 20 and the support column 10 are separated, the length of the support column 10 may be adjusted by the telescopic member 13;
further, when the slide positioning member 21 is used, the containing box 23 is slid as required, at this time, the slider 212 slides in the slide rail 211, and after the position is appropriate, the positioning rod 214 passes through the positioning hole 213 to be connected with the slider 212, so that the fixing can be completed;
further, when the mounting component 22 is used, the pressure applying pipe 223 is unscrewed, the inclined surface of the inner wall of the pressure applying pipe 223 leaves the elastic sheet 222, and the elastic sheet 222 loosens the mounting rod 224, so that the separation can be completed;
further, when the telescopic part 13 is used, the limit pin 134 is screwed out, the upper column 11 and the lower column 12 are pulled outwards, and when the support column 10 is appropriate in length, the limit pin 134 is reset.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 and 6 again, in another preferred embodiment of the present invention, an armrest apparatus 30 is disposed on the top of the upper column 11, the armrest apparatus 30 includes a first armrest 31 disposed on the upper portion of the upper column 11, a second armrest 32 disposed in the storage box 23, and a connecting member 33 disposed on the top of the upper column 11, the connecting member 33 is used for connecting the first armrest 31 or the second armrest 32; first handrail 31 includes first bracing piece 311, and the symmetry is located the grab bar 312 at first bracing piece 311 top, second handrail 32 includes second bracing piece 321, locates forearm backup pad 322 at second bracing piece 321 top, and locates tiger's mouth safety shield 323 on the forearm backup pad 322, first bracing piece 311 with second bracing piece 321 lateral wall all is equipped with U-shaped through-hole 324, adapting unit 33 is including locating the mounting hole 331 at upper prop 11 tops and be used for connecting first bracing piece 311 or second bracing piece 321, the first spring 332 that the outer wall of upper prop 11 just was used for first handrail 31 of elastic support or second handrail 32 is located to the cover, and runs through the outer wall of upper prop 11 just extends to the gag lever post 333 in the U-shaped through-hole 324.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, when the armrest is installed, taking the first armrest 31 as an example, the first supporting rod 311 is inserted into the installation hole 331, the limiting rod 333 is screwed into the upper column 11, and the limiting rod 333 extends into the U-shaped through hole 324, so that the installation can be completed;
further, the first handrail 31 is different from a one-side supportable handrail provided by a traditional crutch, the design concept adopted by the first handrail 31 is that the double-handrail design can adapt to different gripping habits of the aged people, the sitting and standing conversion can be completed more safely by a double-hand holding mode, the silica gel material of the handrail provides a larger friction force, and the first spring 332 can provide a buffer for instability generated in the using process;
further, the second arm rest 32 is different from the previous hand grasping manner, the arm rest can disperse the supporting surface on the whole forearm, the first web safety baffle 323 is convenient for increasing the safety, and the accessory can improve the safety of the aged people in the advancing process by giving stimulation to a larger contact surface or matching with the double-friction anti-falling component 51.
With reference to fig. 2, 4 and 6 again, in another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the outer wall of the lower column 12 is provided with an auxiliary station supporting member 40, and the auxiliary station supporting member 40 includes an auxiliary station supporting member 41 symmetrically hinged to the outer wall of the lower column 12, and an auxiliary station supporting member 42 provided on the outer wall of the lower column 12; the auxiliary station supporting part 41 comprises a hinge block 411 symmetrically hinged to the outer wall of the lower column 12 and an auxiliary station plate 412 connected with the hinge block 411 in a threaded manner, and the auxiliary station supporting part 42 comprises a positioning track ring 421 connected with the side wall of the lower column 12 in a sliding manner, a positioning screw 422 connected with the positioning track ring 421 in a threaded manner, and two auxiliary station plates 423 connected with the positioning track ring 421 in a sliding manner.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, when the auxiliary station supporting component 41 is used, the auxiliary station board 412 is connected to the hinge block 411 in a threaded manner, when in use, the auxiliary station board 412 only needs to be rotated to complete the unfolding of the auxiliary station board 412, the auxiliary station board 412 can provide opposite acting force for the knee of a user in the process of completing the sitting-standing conversion, and the auxiliary station board 412 can abut against the tibial platform of the user, so that the user can use smaller force to stand and sit down in the process of performing the sitting-standing conversion, thereby achieving the effect of delaying the wear of the knee joint;
when the auxiliary seat supporting part 42 is used, the position of the positioning rail ring 421 is adjusted in a sliding manner, after the position is proper, the positioning screw 422 is screwed to complete positioning, the auxiliary seat plate 423 can be unfolded or stored on the positioning rail ring 421 in a sliding manner, and a user can contact the inner side of the thigh or the inner side of the calf through the auxiliary seat plate 423 to complete anti-blocking and adduction actions in a sitting position.
With reference to fig. 2, 4, 5, and 8 again, in another preferred embodiment of the present invention, a base device 50 is disposed at the bottom of the lower column 12, the base device 50 includes a double-friction anti-falling member 51 disposed at the bottom of the lower column 12, and a multi-angle supporting member 52 disposed in the storage box 23, one of the double-friction anti-falling member 51 and the multi-angle supporting member 52 can be mounted at the bottom of the lower column 12, the multi-angle supporting member 52 includes a first threaded link 521 and a polyhedral base 522 disposed at the bottom of the first threaded link 521, the double-friction anti-falling member 51 includes a second threaded link 511, a four-legged supporting base 512 disposed at the bottom of the second threaded link 511, and a radial tire 513 disposed on the inner wall of the four-legged supporting base 512, the radial tire 513 is connected to the top of the inner wall of the four-legged supporting base 512 through a lifting member 514, the lifting component 514 includes vertical locating the track board 5141 at four-legged support base 512 inner wall top, the elevator 5142 of sliding connection track board 5141 locates four-legged support base 512 inner wall top and be used for pushing down the second spring 5143 of elevator 5142 locate the spacing spout 5144 of elevator 5142 outer wall, and locate four-legged support base 512 inner wall top and the elasticity hooked rod 5145 of the spacing spout 5144 inner wall of sliding connection, radial tire 513 is connected to the elevator 5142 bottom.
It should be noted that, in this embodiment, when the dual-friction anti-falling component 51 is used, the four-foot supporting base 512 is fixed at the bottom of the lower column 12 through the second threaded link 511, after a user presses down the four-foot supporting base 512, the elastic hook rod 5145 hooks the bottom of the limiting sliding groove 5144 to complete the process, the upward movement of the lifting block 5142, that is, the accommodation of the radial tire 513, is completed, the four-foot supporting base 512 is pressed down again, the elastic hook rod 5145 slides out of the bottom of the limiting sliding groove 5144, the lifting block 5142 moves downward under the support of the second spring 5143, that is, the downward movement of the lifting block 5142, that is, the release and use of the radial tire 513 can be completed, and the silicone bumper on the periphery of the whole four-foot supporting base 512 can provide a retraction angle when the whole supporting column 10 is inclined, thereby reducing the risk of falling;
further, the polyhedral base 522 can be installed at the bottom of the lower column 12 through the first threaded link 521, and the polyhedral base 522 can provide a user with a support mode of different positions and angles of the whole product by attaching the main body of the support column 10, so as to perform rehabilitation training in different position modes.
The specific process of the invention is as follows:
the accessory assembly can be carried out on the supporting column 10 according to the needs, accessories can be placed in the containing box 23, the position of the containing box 23 can be conveniently adjusted through the sliding positioning part 21 so as to be matched with the supporting column 10 to form a seat, the rapid connection or separation between the containing device 20 and the supporting column 10 is realized through the mounting part 22, and the length of the supporting column 10 can be adjusted through the telescopic part 13 after the containing device 20 is separated from the supporting column 10;
when the sliding positioning component 21 is used, the containing box 23 is slid according to the needs, the sliding block 212 slides in the sliding rail 211 at the moment, and after the position is proper, the positioning rod 214 penetrates through the positioning hole 213 to be connected with the sliding block 212, so that the fixation can be completed;
when the mounting component 22 is used, the pressure applying pipe 223 is unscrewed, the inclined surface of the inner wall of the pressure applying pipe 223 leaves the elastic sheet 222, and the elastic sheet 222 loosens the mounting rod 224, so that the separation can be completed;
when the telescopic part 13 is used, the limit pin 134 is screwed out, the upper column 11 and the lower column 12 are pulled outwards, and when the length of the support column 10 is appropriate, the limit pin 134 is reset;
when the armrest is installed, taking the first armrest 31 as an example, the first support rod 311 is inserted into the installation hole 331, the limiting rod 333 is screwed into the upper column 11, and the limiting rod 333 extends into the U-shaped through hole 324, so that the installation can be completed;
the first handrail 31 is different from a one-side supportable handrail provided by a traditional crutch, the design concept of the first handrail 31 is that the design of double handrails can adapt to different gripping habits of aging people, the sitting and standing conversion can be completed more safely in a manner of holding by both hands, the silica gel material of the handrail provides larger friction force, and the first spring 332 can provide buffer for instability generated in the using process;
the second handrail 32 is different from the former hand gripping mode, the handrail can disperse the supporting surface on the whole forearm, the first web safety baffle 323 is convenient for increasing the safety, and the accessory can improve the safety of the aged people in the advancing process by giving stimulation to a larger contact surface or matching with the double-friction anti-falling component 51;
when the auxiliary station supporting component 41 is used, the auxiliary station plate 412 is in threaded connection with the hinge block 411, when the auxiliary station supporting component is used, the auxiliary station plate 412 only needs to be rotated to unfold the auxiliary station plate 412, the auxiliary station plate 412 can provide opposite acting force for knees of a user in the process of completing the sitting-standing conversion, and the auxiliary station plate 412 can support against a tibial platform of the user, so that the user can stand up and sit down with smaller force when the user performs the sitting-standing conversion, and the effect of delaying the wear of the knee joints is achieved;
when the auxiliary seat supporting part 42 is used, the position of the positioning track ring 421 is adjusted in a sliding manner, after the position is proper, the positioning screw 422 is screwed to complete positioning, the auxiliary seat plate 423 can be unfolded or stored on the positioning track ring 421 in a sliding manner, and a user can contact the inner sides of thighs or the inner sides of calves through the auxiliary seat plate 423 to complete anti-blocking and adduction actions in a sitting position;
when the double-friction anti-falling component 51 is used, the four-foot support base 512 is fixed at the bottom of the lower column 12 through the second threaded connecting rod 511, after a user presses down the four-foot support base 512, the elastic hook rod 5145 hooks the bottom of the limiting sliding groove 5144 to complete the process, the lifting block 5142 moves upwards to store the radial tire 513, the four-foot support base 512 is pressed down again, the elastic hook rod 5145 slides out of the bottom of the limiting sliding groove 5144, the lifting block 5142 moves downwards under the support of the second spring 5143 to complete the downward movement of the lifting block 5142 to discharge the radial tire 513, and the silica gel bumpers on the periphery of the whole four-foot support base 512 can provide a withdrawing angle when the whole support column 10 is inclined, so that the falling risk is reduced;
the polyhedral base 522 can be installed at the bottom of the lower column 12 through a first threaded connecting rod 521, and the polyhedral base 522 can provide a support mode of different positions and angles of the whole product for a user through attaching the main body of the support column 10, so that rehabilitation training can be performed in different position modes;
the strategy for the knee joint aging and deterioration adopts the first handrail 31+ the auxiliary station supporting part 41+ the double-friction anti-falling part 51,
the basic strategy for activation and strengthening of the pelvic floor muscle group is that a first handrail 31, an auxiliary sitting support part 42 and a multi-angle support part 52 are adopted, an aged person after prostate cancer operation inclines the whole support device to reach a pelvis backward tilting position and a trunk backward tilting position through a polyhedral base 522 under a sitting position, two legs are adducted through an auxiliary standing support part 41 under the support of the first handrail 31, and the basic activation and strengthening of the pelvic floor muscle group can be effectively achieved by performing the resistance adduction of the two lower limbs under the position;
the advanced strategy for activation and strengthening of pelvic floor muscle groups adopts a first handrail 31, an auxiliary station supporting part 41 and a multi-angle supporting part 52, the whole supporting equipment is placed on a bed surface or a treatment pad by an aged person after prostatectomy in a supine position, and under the support of the first handrail 31, two feet hook the auxiliary station supporting part 41 and the resistance of a spring is utilized to complete alternate hip and knee bending of two legs in the supine position under a sagittal plane, and the advanced exercise of the pelvic floor muscle groups can be achieved by performing resistance hip and knee bending of two lower limbs under the posture;
the rolling friction type advancing strategy for the gait disorder of the Parkinson disease adopts the second handrail 32 and the double-friction anti-falling component 51, when aged people of the Parkinson disease walk in a standing position, forearms are supported on the forearm supporting plate 322 and drop and pop up the radial tires 513, so that the early and middle stage people of the Parkinson disease walk on a smooth ground by matching with the rolling friction tire bases.
The invention is described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is obvious that the invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and it is within the scope of the invention to adopt such insubstantial modifications of the inventive method concept and solution, or to apply the inventive concept and solution directly to other applications without modification.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a strutting arrangement of training and supplementary integration, includes support column (10), characterized by, support column (10) are including upper prop (11) and lower prop (12), be equipped with telescopic part (13) between upper prop (11) and lower prop (12), support column (10) one side is equipped with storage device (20), storage device (20) are including the vertical slide positioning part (21) that sets up, locate storage box (23) of slide positioning part (21) slip end to and articulated a plurality of supporting legs (24) of storage box (23) bottom, upper prop (11) and lower prop (12) outer wall are connected through installing component (22) respectively in slide positioning part (21) both ends;
the top of the upper column (11) is provided with an armrest device (30), the armrest device (30) comprises a first armrest (31) arranged on the upper part of the upper column (11), a second armrest (32) arranged in the containing box (23), and a connecting part (33) arranged on the top of the upper column (11), and the connecting part (33) is used for connecting the first armrest (31) or the second armrest (32);
the auxiliary station auxiliary seat component (40) is arranged on the outer wall of the lower column (12), and the auxiliary station auxiliary seat component (40) comprises an auxiliary station supporting component (41) which is symmetrically hinged to the outer wall of the lower column (12) and an auxiliary seat supporting component (42) which is arranged on the outer wall of the lower column (12);
the bottom of the lower column (12) is provided with a base device (50), the base device (50) comprises a double-friction anti-falling component (51) arranged at the bottom of the lower column (12) and a multi-angle supporting component (52) arranged in the containing box (23), and the bottom of the lower column (12) can be provided with one of the double-friction anti-falling component (51) and the multi-angle supporting component (52);
the auxiliary station supporting part (41) comprises a hinge block (411) symmetrically hinged with the outer wall of the lower column (12) and an auxiliary station plate (412) in threaded connection with the hinge block (411);
the auxiliary seat supporting part (42) comprises a positioning track ring (421) connected with the side wall of the lower column (12) in a sliding manner, a positioning screw rod (422) in threaded connection with the positioning track ring (421), and two auxiliary seat plates (423) in sliding connection with the positioning track ring (421);
the multi-angle support component (52) comprises a first threaded connecting rod (521) and a polyhedral base (522) arranged at the bottom of the first threaded connecting rod (521), the double-friction anti-falling component (51) comprises a second threaded connecting rod (511) and is arranged on a four-foot support base (512) arranged at the bottom of the second threaded connecting rod (511) and is arranged on a radial tire (513) arranged on the inner wall of the four-foot support base (512), and the radial tire (513) is connected with the top of the inner wall of the four-foot support base (512) through a lifting component (514).
2. The supporting device for training and assisting integration as claimed in claim 1, wherein the telescopic member (13) comprises a first extending column (131) disposed at the bottom of the upper column (11), a second extending column (132) disposed at the top of the lower column (12), an outer sleeve (133) sleeved on the outer walls of the first extending column (131) and the second extending column (132), and a plurality of limiting pins (134) penetrating through the outer sleeve (133), wherein the outer walls of the first extending column (131) and the second extending column (132) are provided with a plurality of anti-rotation bosses (135), and the inner wall of the outer sleeve (133) is provided with anti-rotation grooves (136).
3. The integrated training and assisting supporting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sliding positioning component (21) comprises a sliding rail (211), a sliding block (212) slidably connected with the sliding rail (211), a plurality of positioning holes (213) formed in the side wall of the sliding rail (211), and a positioning rod (214) penetrating through the positioning holes (213) and threadedly connected with the sliding block (212), wherein the sliding block (212) is connected with the outer wall of the containing box (23).
4. A support device for training and assisting in integration according to claim 3, wherein the mounting member (22) comprises a mounting rod (224) disposed on an outer wall of the supporting column (10), a locking tube (221) disposed on an outer wall of the sliding rail (211), a plurality of elastic pieces (222) disposed at one end of the locking tube (221) and used for clamping the mounting rod (224), and a pressure tube (223) screwed to an outer wall of the locking tube (221), wherein an inner wall of the pressure tube (223) is an inclined surface.
5. A training and assisting integrated supporting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first handrail (31) comprises a first supporting rod (311) and a handrail rod (312) symmetrically arranged at the top of the first supporting rod (311), the second handrail (32) comprises a second supporting rod (321), a forearm supporting plate (322) arranged at the top of the second supporting rod (321), and a tiger mouth safety baffle (323) arranged on the forearm supporting plate (322), and U-shaped through holes (324) are arranged on the side walls of the first supporting rod (311) and the second supporting rod (321).
6. A supporting device for training and assisting in integration according to claim 5, wherein the connecting member (33) comprises a mounting hole (331) formed at the top of the upper column (11) and used for connecting the first supporting rod (311) or the second supporting rod (321), a first spring (332) sleeved on the outer wall of the upper column (11) and used for elastically supporting the first handrail (31) or the second handrail (32), and a limiting rod (333) penetrating through the outer wall of the upper column (11) and extending into the U-shaped through hole (324).
7. The supporting device for the integration of training and assisting as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lifting member (514) comprises a track plate (5141) vertically arranged at the top of the inner wall of the four-foot supporting base (512), a lifting block (5142) slidably connected with the track plate (5141), a second spring (5143) arranged at the top of the inner wall of the four-foot supporting base (512) and used for pressing down the lifting block (5142), a limit sliding groove (5144) arranged on the outer wall of the lifting block (5142), and an elastic hook rod (5145) arranged at the top of the inner wall of the four-foot supporting base (512) and slidably connected with the inner wall of the limit sliding groove (5144), wherein the bottom of the lifting block (5142) is connected with a radial tire (513).
CN202110672431.2A 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 Training and auxiliary integrated supporting device Active CN113440385B (en)

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CN115300866B (en) * 2022-07-28 2023-09-22 四川大学华西医院 Portable department of neurology low limbs rehabilitation device

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