Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is; The special-purpose rehabilitation nursing training of a kind of paralysed patient bed is provided; Can realize that paralysed patient assists rehabilitation training in different phase self-rehabilitation training or other people, can satisfy the demand of patient's daily life again, and the convenient nursing personnel use.
It is following that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted:
The special-purpose rehabilitation nursing training of paralysed patient bed; Comprise main bed, it is characterized in that: the side at main bed is equipped with secondary bed through articulated manner, this pair bed comprise with main bed hinged and can spin upside down secondary bedstead; And the middle part and secondary bedstead is hinged and can before and after the upset secondary bed board; The outside of secondary bedstead has dismountable secondary bed supporting leg, and the rear end of secondary bed board has pedal, two up knobs and near two bandage framves about secondary bed board rear end about the side of secondary bed board is provided with near secondary bed board front end; And being provided with dismountable plate of holding up at the middle part of secondary bed board, this holds up strip that the position hole of interior end opening is arranged.
On secondary bedstead, positioning seat is set, the hydraulic pressure support bar is installed between secondary bed board and positioning seat.
Said main bed comprise main bedstead and with this main bedstead leading section hinged spin upside down bedstead; The said downside that spins upside down bedstead is provided with pillar, is hinged with ratchet on the pillar; The ratchet that cooperates with said ratchet is installed on main bedstead; Comprise that also the lower end is fixedly connected on the up-down control crank on the ratchet, this up-down control crank also through spring with spin upside down bedstead and be connected.
Extremely preceding back bed board, middle bed board and the preceding bed board of being equipped with successively in oneself back on main bedstead; Wherein, said middle bed board is detachable bed board, and middle bed board below is the legs and feet space, and preceding bed board middle part has a dismountable toilet seat cover plate, and back bed board middle part has a dismountable shampoo trap cover plate; Be respectively arranged with the slideway that is used to lay bedpan in the toilet seat under left and right sides; Be provided with the shampoo trap installing rack in the shampoo trap under.
The place is provided with the first pedal support bar that is connected with main bedstead in said legs and feet space, and below the first pedal support bar, is provided with the second pedal support bar parallel with the first pedal support bar; Two pedals about the first pedal support bar is provided with; Be respectively arranged with the gim peg that several have certain interval on the two side of pedal, and on the said first pedal support bar and the second pedal support bar, retainer ring be set, between said gim peg and retainer ring, be connected with tension spring.
Also comprise the upset table, two leg shaft about it has, said leg shaft is connected to the left and right sides of main bedstead; And also be separately installed with the limited block that is connected with the leg shaft bottom in the main bedstead left and right sides.
Main bedstead with spin upside down the bedstead left and right sides and be respectively equipped with sleeve pipe; Also comprise the activity stand, it comprise etc. high and parallel to each other about the horizontal cross bar of two vertical rods and two vertical rod upper ends; Two vertical rod lower ends are plugged in the said sleeve pipe about said; First pulley is installed on the said horizontal cross bar, all is connected with hook and hands handle around the rope tool of this first pulley, the two ends of rope tool; Spin upside down bedstead be provided with about two stand up bed board, two are stood up between the adjacent side of bed board mutually hinged; And be respectively arranged with a handle in two outsides of standing up bed board; Stand up spinning upside down of bed board both sides at two and be respectively arranged with the fixedly link that is used to articulate said hook on the bedstead.
In the rear end of main bedstead the stand that the top has second pulley is installed; This stand is provided with support, and the support outer end is equipped with guide ring; Second pulley is provided with stay cord, and an end of stay cord passes guide ring and connects balancing weight, and the other end of stay cord is connected with handgrip.
Said horizontal cross bar is provided with the transfusion casing rack that is used to install infusion bottle.
Spin upside down the bedstead front end bar is installed, this bar and stand up and leave the gap between the bed board.
Good effect of the present invention is:
The first, be provided with secondary bed in main bed one side, the patient can rely on the upset of secondary bed board to carry out standing exercise.Secondary bed can spin upside down, turn over downwards turn 90 degrees realize folding with save the space, upwards turn over turn 90 degrees and locate after, the top of secondary bed can be used as the hand steered handrail that moves the step training of patient.The second, the upset bedstead of main bed front end is realized the multi-angle upset through articulated structure and ratchet ratch mechanism, makes things convenient for the patient to stand up and sit to crouch to lean on.Three, main bed is provided with the special-purpose notch that can supply patient's toilet seat, hair washing, has made things convenient for entourage's operation.Four, in the legs and feet space, be provided with the adjustable pedal of tilting force that supplies the patient to carry out the shank training.Along with patient's rehabilitation gradually, tilting force is increased gradually.Five, the end with stay cord connects counterweight, and connects handle through the pulley in the vertical rod, can make things convenient for patient to do SAE in bed.Six, stand up bed board about main bed is provided with, prone position patient stands up easier.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, present embodiment comprises that the bottom has the main bed 1 of self-locking castor, and the purpose that the self-locking castor is installed is to be convenient to move to this rehabilitation nursing training bed outdoor.
Like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, through hinge secondary bed 7 is installed a side of main 1.This pair bed 7 comprise through loose-leaf is connected with main bed 1 and can spin upside down secondary bedstead 8, and the secondary bed board 2 that also can front and back overturns through supporting seat 24 and secondary bedstead 8 hinged (being connected) of middle part such as hinge.The outside of secondary bedstead 8 has dismountable secondary bed supporting leg 26.After secondary bed supporting leg 26 was installed, the bed surface of secondary bed 7 was on the same horizontal plane with the bed surface of main bed 1 basically, was convenient to the patient and transferred on the secondary bed 7 from main bed 1, and in addition, this moment, secondary bed 7 can be used as entourage's use of having a rest.In order to make secondary bed board 2 horizontal location, on secondary bed board 2, fastening screw 22 is installed, after secondary bed board 2 is set level fastening screw 22 is inserted in the jack of secondary bedstead 8.After unloading secondary bed supporting leg 26, secondary bed 7 turn over downwards turn 90 degrees realize folding turn 90 degrees and locate (such as adopting the latch location) to save the space, upwards to turn over after, the outside (being the top this state under) of secondary bed 7 can be used as that the patient is hand steered to move the handrail that the step trains.
The rear end of secondary bed board 2 has pedal 9, and this pedal 9 and secondary bed board 2 are in a certain angle.Two up knobs 28 and about the side of secondary bed board 2 is provided with near secondary bed board 2 front ends near two bandage framves 23 about secondary bed board 2 rear ends.And be provided with dismountable plate 30 of holding up at the middle part of secondary bed board 2, this hold up plate 30 have in the position hole of end opening.In order to increase the said support force of holding up plate 30, two pulling ropes 29 about between this holds up plate 30 and secondary bed board 2, can being connected.
The patient at first installs and holds up plate 30 and patient body is stuck in the said position hole after transferring on the secondary bed 7 from main bed 1, and two up knobs 28 about the patient holds adopt the bandage 21 constraint patient shanks that are connected with bandage frame 23.Adopt modes such as manual, electronic or hydraulic-driven to make the upwards slowly upset rise of front end of secondary bed board 2 then, patient's arm is pressed in to be held up on the plate 30, and foot tramples on pedal 9, progressively carries out the transition to standing state (secondary bed board 2 is 85 degree angles with general and ground).
Can there be various ways location after secondary bed board 2 upsets put in place, such as latch locking, hydraulic pressure location.The preferred hydraulic damping locate mode of the present invention: secondary bedstead 8 is provided with positioning seat 25, between secondary bed board 2 and positioning seat 25, hydraulic pressure support bar 27 is installed.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 3, said main bed 1 comprise main bedstead 31 and with these main bedstead 31 leading sections hinged spin upside down bedstead 35.The said downside that spins upside down bedstead 35 is provided with pillar 36, is hinged with the ratchet 33 of a semicircle on the pillar 36.The ratchet 32 that cooperates with said ratchet is installed on main bedstead 31, and the profile of tooth notch of this ratchet 32 and ratchet 33 is complementary and has the unidirectional self-lock function.Comprise that also the lower end is fixedly connected on the up-down control crank 34 on the ratchet 33, this up-down control crank 34 also through spring with spin upside down bedstead 35 and be connected.
The concrete upset maneuverability pattern that spins upside down bedstead 35 is: in the time of need upwards overturning, will spin upside down bedstead 35 and upwards mention, and rely on ratchet 32 to cooperate the clamping location with ratchet 33 after upset puts in place.During upset downwards, pull control crank 34 downwards ratchet 33 and ratchet 32 are broken away from, spin upside down bedstead 35 and descend with deadweight.Because ratchet 32 cooperates with ratchet 33 and has a plurality of clampings position, therefore can make as required and spin upside down the heeling condition that bedstead 35 is in different angles.
Still, three groups of bed boards are installed on main bedstead 31: extremely before be followed successively by back bed board, middle bed board and preceding bed board from the back like Fig. 1, Fig. 3.Wherein, said middle bed board is detachable bed board, and the space under the middle bed board is legs and feet space 14.Preceding bed board middle part has a dismountable toilet seat cover plate 16, and back bed board middle part has a dismountable shampoo trap cover plate 13.
The left and right sides is respectively arranged with the slideway 42 that is used to lay bedpan below toilet seat cover plate 16.During patient's toilet seat, bed board and toilet seat cover plate 16 are installed in bedpan on the said slideway 42 in taking off, and the patient sits up, 14 places, legs and feet space of bed board below during legs and feet are put into.
Below shampoo trap cover plate 13, be provided with the shampoo trap installing rack.When needing hair washing, take off shampoo trap cover plate 13 and lay shampoo trap, patient's lying posture head portion is positioned at the shampoo trap top.
Like Fig. 1,3, be provided with the first pedal support bar 6 that is connected with main bedstead 31 respectively at 14 places, said legs and feet space and the second pedal support bar, 38, the first pedal support bars 6 are positioned at the second pedal support bar, 38 tops and both laterally arrange.Also can the first pedal support bar 6 be connected with main bedstead 31, the second pedal support bar 38 is connected with the first pedal support bar 6.
Two pedals 3 about the first pedal support bar 6 is provided with.Be respectively arranged with several gim pegs with certain interval 4 on the two side of pedal 3.And on the said first pedal support bar 6 and the second pedal support bar 38, retainer ring is set, between said gim peg 4 and retainer ring, be connected with tension spring 5.According to patient's actual needs in different rehabilitation stages, through being connected between the said tension spring 5 of conversion and the different fixing bolt 4, perhaps change tension spring 5, can adjust the tilting force of pedal 3, such as along with patient's rehabilitation gradually, tilting force is increased gradually.
Still like Fig. 1, Fig. 3, said main bed 1 also comprises upset table 10, two leg shaft about upset table 10 has, and said leg shaft is connected to the left and right sides of main bedstead 31.Also be separately installed with the limited block 37 that is connected with the leg shaft bottom in main bedstead 31 left and right sides, when 10 upsets of upset table were used as desk, limited block 37 can prevent 10 overturnings forward of upset table.
At ordinary times, upset table 10 is folded to the rear end (shown in Figure 1) of main bedstead 31, and during the feed of needs of patients sitting posture, 10, two leg shaft of pulling upset table erect forward, and upset table 10 desktops are in level (shown in Figure 3).
Like Fig. 1,3, shown in 4, main bedstead 31 with spin upside down bedstead 35 left and right sides and be respectively equipped with some sleeve pipes 15, guardrail and activity stand 43 are used to peg graft.Said activity stand 43 comprise etc. high and parallel to each other about the horizontal cross bar 50 of two vertical rods 49 and two vertical rod 49 upper ends.Two vertical rod 49 lower ends are plugged in the said sleeve pipe 15 about said.First pulley 45 is installed on the said horizontal cross bar 50, all is connected with hook 47 and handle 48 around the rope tool 46 of this first pulley 45, the two ends of rope tool.Can activity stand 43 be plugged in the sleeve pipe 15 of front and back diverse location according to different needs.
Like Fig. 1,3, spin upside down bedstead 35 be provided with about two stand up 17, two of bed boards and stand up between the bed board 17 adjacent sides mutually hinged.And be respectively arranged with a handle 18 in two outsides of standing up bed board 17.Stand up spinning upside down of bed board 17 both sides at two and be respectively arranged with the fixedly link 19 that is used to articulate said hook 47 on the bedstead 35.
When sickbed patients need stand up; Activity stand 43 is plugged on is arranged in the sleeve pipe 15 that spins upside down bedstead 35 both sides; A said hook 47 is hung on the handle 18 that stands up bed board 17, the hook of rope tool opposite side is hung on another fixedly link 19 that stands up bed board 17 outsides.Entourage or patient spur one of them handle 48, and the patient stands up with standing up bed board 17.
Like Fig. 1,3, tailstock frame 11 is installed in the rear end of main bedstead 31.The stand 12 that the top has second pulley also is installed on the tailstock frame 11.This stand 12 is provided with the support 41 that has stand accepting groove 39, and support 41 outer ends are equipped with guide ring 40.End at the stay cord of walking around said second pulley passes guide ring 40 and connects balancing weight, and the other end of said stay cord is connected with handgrip, can make things convenient for patient to do SAE in bed.The effect of stand accepting groove 39 is suspensions when said activity stand 43 is not used.
Like Fig. 4, on said horizontal cross bar 50, also be provided with the transfusion casing rack 44 that is used to install infusion bottle.
Like Fig. 3, spin upside down bedstead 35 front ends bar 20 is installed, this bar 20 and stand up between the bed board 17 and leave the gap, when the patient did abdominal crunch, legs and feet portion can insert in this gap.Bar 20 be pulling spin upside down bedstead 35 spin upside down bedstead 35 handles, can be used as auxiliary presser feet instrument again.