CN113247629B - Tea seed oil device that extracts oil - Google Patents

Tea seed oil device that extracts oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113247629B
CN113247629B CN202110459290.6A CN202110459290A CN113247629B CN 113247629 B CN113247629 B CN 113247629B CN 202110459290 A CN202110459290 A CN 202110459290A CN 113247629 B CN113247629 B CN 113247629B
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
filter screen
tea seed
pipe
driving
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CN113247629A (en
Inventor
郑寨生
陈斌
边晓东
陈长卿
陈丽娟
冯建成
唐建新
余桂平
袁名安
李朵姣
胡新荣
江丽
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Jinhua Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Zhejiang Agricultural Machinery Research Institute
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Publication of CN113247629A publication Critical patent/CN113247629A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/04Conveying materials in bulk pneumatically through pipes or tubes; Air slides
    • B65G53/24Gas suction systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/90Devices for taking out of action one or more units of multi-unit filters, e.g. for regeneration or maintenance
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G53/00Conveying materials in bulk through troughs, pipes or tubes by floating the materials or by flow of gas, liquid or foam
    • B65G53/34Details
    • B65G53/40Feeding or discharging devices
    • B65G53/50Pneumatic devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/04Bulk

Abstract

The invention provides a tea seed oil pressing device aiming at the defects that a filter screen on a suction machine in an oil pressing device in the prior art is not easy to clean and the filtering rate of a filtering device to tea seed oil in oil residue is low, belonging to the technical field of tea seed oil production equipment and comprising a suction machine, an oil press and an oil receiving tank, wherein the suction machine comprises a frame, an air pump and a hollow shell, and a rotary type filtering mechanism is arranged between an air inlet pipe and the shell; the oil press is provided with a feeding hopper, a slag cake outlet and an oil outlet, and a discharge pipe on the suction machine is positioned above the feeding hopper; connect the oil tank to be located the oil-out below of oil press, connect the oil tank to include the casing, the casing in-connection has the second filter screen, is equipped with the driving-disc in the casing, and the driving-disc includes spiral guide and flat board, and dull and stereotyped up end is connected with the connecting pipe. The invention adopts a semi-automatic mode to clean the first filter screen in the material suction machine, is very convenient and can effectively improve the filtering rate of the tea seed oil in the oil residue.

Description

Tea seed oil device that extracts oil
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tea seed oil production equipment, and particularly relates to a tea seed oil pressing device.
Background
The tea seed oil is obtained from tea tree seed. The preparation process of the tea seed oil comprises the following steps: screening, drying, shelling, heating and tempering, oil pressing and filtering, and the whole process is a physical method, so that the natural green edible oil is real pure natural green edible oil. Generally adopt the oil press to extract oil to tealeaves kernel, in order to promote automation, generally adopt the auto sucking machine to carry out the material loading, and cooperate filter equipment to make tealeaves seed oil more limpid, the filter screen on the current auto sucking machine blocks up easily, and be difficult for clearing up, need tear the quick-witted clearance open, it is comparatively loaded down with trivial details, and filter equipment generally directly adopts the filter screen to filter, the dregs of fat that the filtration produced are easy with filter screen blocking, thereby influence the filter effect, so current filter equipment generally can push away the dregs of fat on with the filter screen with the push pedal, thereby guarantee the filter effect of tealeaves seed oil, and still contain more fluid in the dregs of fat that the push pedal is pushed away, it is lower directly to push away the rate of filtration that can lead to tealeaves seed oil in the dregs of fat.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a tea seed oil pressing device aiming at the defects that a filter screen on a material suction machine in the oil pressing device in the prior art is not easy to clean and the filtering rate of a filtering device to tea seed oil in oil residue is low.
The invention aims to be realized by the following technical scheme: a tea seed oil pressing device comprises a suction machine, an oil press and an oil receiving tank,
the material suction machine comprises a rack, an air pump and a hollow shell, wherein the air pump is provided with an air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe, the air inlet pipe of the air pump is of a circular structure, the shell is fixed on the rack and is positioned right below the air inlet pipe, the upper end of the shell is of a circular structure and is communicated with the inner cavity of the shell, a feeding pipe is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the shell, and a discharging pipe is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the shell; a rotary type filtering mechanism is arranged between the air inlet pipe and the shell, the rotary type filtering mechanism comprises a connecting plate, two sides of the connecting plate are respectively fixedly provided with a connecting ring in a transversely-arranged circular ring structure, the connecting rings at two sides of the connecting plate are in central symmetry, a first filter screen is fixedly arranged in each connecting ring, the first filter screens in the two connecting rings are also in central symmetry, the upper end surface and the lower end surface of each connecting ring are respectively provided with a first circular ring groove and a second circular ring groove which are coaxially arranged with the connecting rings, the air inlet pipe can be embedded into the first circular ring grooves, and the upper end of the shell can be embedded into the second circular ring grooves; a first motor is arranged below the connecting plate, a rotating shaft of the first motor is vertically and fixedly connected with the central line position of the connecting plate, the first motor can drive the connecting plate to rotate so that the connecting ring moves to a position between the air inlet pipe and the upper end of the shell and coaxial with the air inlet pipe, a first air cylinder for driving the first motor to lift and a second air cylinder for driving the air pump to lift are fixedly arranged on the rack, a fixed disc is further fixedly arranged on the rack, ejector pins which are in one-to-one correspondence with meshes of the first filter screen are vertically and fixedly distributed on the upper end face of the fixed disc, and when the upper end of the shell is embedded into a second ring groove of one of the connecting rings, the ejector pins are inserted into the meshes of the first filter screen on the other connecting ring from bottom to top;
a feed hopper, a slag cake outlet and an oil outlet are arranged on the oil press, and a discharge pipe on the suction machine is positioned above the feed hopper;
the oil receiving tank is positioned below an oil outlet of the oil press and comprises a shell with an annular structure, a second filter screen which is transversely arranged is fixedly connected in the shell, the upper end of the shell protrudes upwards relative to the second filter screen, a driving disc which is positioned above the second filter screen is arranged in the shell and comprises a spiral guide part with a planar spiral structure, the lower end surface of the spiral guide part is attached to the second filter screen, the upper end surface of the spiral guide part is fixedly connected with a flat plate, the central position of the upper end surface of the flat plate is vertically and fixedly connected with a connecting pipe which is communicated with the central position of the spiral guide part, and a driving mechanism for driving the connecting pipe to rotate is connected onto the connecting pipe; the second filter screen is close to border position and is equipped with the oil residue export, second filter screen below is equipped with the oil guide plate that the slope set up.
In the above scheme, auto sucking machine is equipped with two first filter screens that can change mutually, through the cooperation of first motor, first cylinder, second cylinder, can realize the change to two first filter screens to and utilize the mode that the thimble passed first filter screen mesh to clear up first filter screen, can realize that semi-automatization's mode clears up and changes first filter screen, and is very convenient, need not the clearance of manual work tearing open the machine. The tealeaves seed oil that the oil press produced flows in the connecting pipe from the oil-out, flow through the second filter screen again, the second filter screen can produce the dregs of fat after filtering tealeaves seed oil, actuating mechanism drive connecting pipe rotates, the connecting pipe drives the driving-disc and rotates, the inside dregs of fat of driving-disc can drive removes along the spiral guide gradually, can increase the stroke of dregs of fat on the second filter screen like this, and simultaneously, the spiral guide also can produce certain extrusion to the dregs of fat, thereby can make the tealeaves seed oil in the dregs of fat filter out and pass on the second filter screen drips leads the oiled-plate, promote the rate of filtering out of the tealeaves seed oil in the dregs of fat, and the production efficiency is higher.
Preferably, the filter screen cleaning machine further comprises a connecting frame, wherein a rolling brush which can only rotate and is transversely arranged is installed on the connecting frame, a dust collector which is arranged along the rolling brush and a second motor which is used for driving the rolling brush to rotate are further fixedly arranged on the connecting frame, and a third motor which is used for driving the connecting frame to rotate so that the rolling brush can move to the position above the fixed disc to clean the first filter screen is further fixedly arranged on the rack. The round brush that sets up can be to first filter screen further clearance to can in time siphon away the dust that gets off clearing up through the dust catcher that sets up, the clearance effect is better.
Preferably, when the air inlet pipe is embedded into the first circular groove, the inner wall and the outer wall of the air inlet pipe are respectively attached to the two side walls of the first circular groove; when the upper end of the shell is embedded into the second circular groove, the inner wall and the outer wall of the upper end of the shell are respectively attached to two side walls of the second circular groove.
Preferably, the thimble tapers from bottom to top.
Preferably, a slag blocking plate arranged downwards is fixedly arranged at the oil residue outlet, and the outer side surface of the slag blocking plate is attached to the edge of the oil guide plate. The slag trap can prevent oil slag falling from the oil slag outlet from falling onto the oil guide plate, so that oil and slag separation is realized.
Preferably, the two sides of the oil guide plate are vertically and fixedly connected with edge plates, and the two edge plates on the right side of the oil guide plate are gradually folded inwards from top to bottom near the lower end of the oil guide plate. This enables the collection of tea seed oil.
Preferably, the fixed frame is further fixedly provided with a hopper, and the lower end of the hopper extends into the connecting pipe. The upper end of the hopper is of a flaring structure gradually enlarged from bottom to top.
Preferably, a fixing frame for supporting the casing is fixedly connected to the casing, the oil guide plate is fixed to the fixing frame, and the connecting pipe can only be rotatably mounted on the fixing frame.
Preferably, the driving mechanism comprises a fourth motor and a speed reducer which are fixed on the fixing frame, a rotating shaft of the fourth motor is connected with an input end of the speed reducer, an output end of the speed reducer is fixedly connected with a driving gear which can only rotate, a driven gear which is coaxial with the connecting pipe is fixedly arranged outside the connecting pipe, and the driven gear is meshed with the driving gear.
Preferably, a bearing is arranged between the connecting pipe and the fixing frame.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: the suction machine provided by the invention is provided with the two first filter screens which can be replaced mutually, and the first filter screens are cleaned and replaced in a semi-automatic mode, so that the suction machine is very convenient. The oil receiving tank disclosed by the invention has the advantages that the oil filtering rate of the oil residues is improved by increasing the stroke of the oil residues and extruding, and the production efficiency is higher.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the suction machine;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a connection structure of the connection plate, the connection ring, and the first filter screen;
FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the connection structure of the connection plate, the connection ring, and the first filter screen;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the connection structure of the connection frame, the roller brush, the second motor and the vacuum cleaner;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a connection structure of the fixing plate and the thimble;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the oil receiving tank;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the oil receiving tank;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the housing with a second screen mounted thereon;
fig. 10 is a perspective view of the drive disc;
the labels in the figure are: 1. a suction machine, 2, an oil press, 3, an oil receiving tank, 201, a feeding hopper, 202, a slag cake outlet, 203, an oil outlet, 50, a frame, 51, an air pump, 52, a connecting frame, 53, a shell, 54, an air inlet pipe, 55, an exhaust pipe, 56, a feeding pipe, 57, a discharging pipe, 58, a connecting plate, 59, a connecting ring, 60, a first filter screen, 61, a first ring groove, 62, a second ring groove, 63, a first motor, 64, a first cylinder, 65, a second cylinder, 66, a fixed disc, 67, a thimble, 69, a rolling brush, 70, a dust collector, 71, a second motor, 72, a third motor, 80, a casing, 81, a fixed frame, 82, a second filter screen, 83, a driving disc, 84, a spiral guide piece, 85, a flat plate, 86, a connecting pipe, 87, a driving mechanism, 88, a fourth motor, 89, a speed reducer, 90, a driving gear, 91, a driven gear, 92 and a hopper, 93. oil residue outlet 94, oil guide plate 95, side plate 96 and slag trap.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to examples of embodiments shown in the drawings to which:
example 1
As shown in fig. 1-10, a tea seed oil pressing device comprises a suction machine 1, an oil press 2, an oil receiving tank 3,
the material suction machine 1 comprises a rack 50, an air pump 51, a connecting frame 52 and a hollow shell 53, wherein the air pump 51 is provided with an air inlet pipe 54 and an air outlet pipe 55, the air inlet pipe 54 of the air pump 51 is of a circular structure, the shell 53 is fixed on the rack 50 and is positioned right below the air inlet pipe 54, the upper end of the shell 53 is of a circular structure and is communicated with the inner cavity of the shell 53, the side surface of the shell 53 is fixedly provided with a feeding pipe 56, and the lower end of the shell 53 is fixedly provided with a discharging pipe 57; be equipped with rotary type filtering mechanism between intake pipe 54 and the casing 53, rotary type filtering mechanism includes connecting plate 58, and connecting plate 58 both sides are each fixed and are equipped with the connection ring 59 of the ring structure of horizontal setting, and the connection ring 59 of connecting plate 58 both sides is central symmetry, it is equipped with first filter screen 60 to connect ring 59 internal fixation, and two first filter screens 60 of connecting in the ring 59 also are central symmetry, the last lower terminal surface of connecting ring 59 is equipped with respectively and is connected the first circular groove 61 and the second circular groove 62 of ring 59 coaxial setting, intake pipe 54 can imbed in the first circular groove 61, work as when intake pipe 54 imbeds in the first circular groove 61, the interior outer wall of intake pipe 54 laminates with the both sides wall of first circular groove 61 respectively. The upper end of the shell 53 can be embedded into the second circular groove 62; when the upper end of the housing 53 is embedded in the second circular groove 62, the inner and outer walls of the upper end of the housing 53 are respectively attached to the two side walls of the second circular groove 62.
Connecting plate 58 below is equipped with first motor 63, and first motor 63 adopts step motor, first motor 63 the pivot with the perpendicular fixed connection in central line position of connecting plate 58, first motor 63 can drive connecting plate 58 and rotate and make and connect ring 59 to remove to between intake pipe 54 and the casing 53 upper end and with the coaxial position of intake pipe 54, fixed being equipped with in the frame 50 is used for driving first cylinder 64 that first motor 63 goes up and down, the second cylinder 65 that is used for driving air pump 51 to go up and down, still fixed being equipped with fixed disk 66 in the frame 50, the perpendicular fixed distribution of fixed disk 66 up end has the thimble 67 with first filter screen 60 mesh one-to-one, the thimble 67 is supreme tapering down from the bottom. When the upper end of the housing 53 is inserted into the second annular groove 62 of one of the connecting rings 59, the thimble 67 is inserted into the hole of the first filter 60 of the other connecting ring 59 from the bottom to the top.
The connecting frame 52 is provided with a rolling brush 69 which only can rotate and is transversely arranged, the connecting frame 52 is further fixedly provided with a dust collector 70 arranged along the rolling brush 69 and a second motor 71 used for driving the rolling brush 69 to rotate, and the rack 50 is further fixedly provided with a third motor 72 used for driving the connecting frame 52 to rotate so that the rolling brush 69 moves above the fixed disc 66 to clean the first filter screen 60.
A feeding hopper 201, a slag cake outlet 202 and an oil outlet 203 are arranged on the oil press 2, and a discharge pipe 57 on the suction machine 1 is positioned above the feeding hopper 201;
the oil receiving tank 3 is located below an oil outlet 203 of the oil press 2, the oil receiving tank comprises a casing 80 with an annular structure and a fixing frame 81 used for supporting the casing 80, a second filter screen 82 transversely arranged is fixedly connected in the casing 80, the upper end of the casing 80 protrudes upwards relative to the second filter screen 82, a driving disc 83 located above the second filter screen 82 is arranged in the casing 80, the driving disc 83 comprises a spiral guide part 84 with a planar spiral structure, the lower end face of the spiral guide part 84 is attached to the second filter screen 82, the upper end face of the spiral guide part 84 is fixedly connected with a flat plate 85, the central position of the upper end face of the flat plate 85 is vertically and fixedly connected with a connecting pipe 86 communicated with the central position of the spiral guide part 84, a driving mechanism 87 used for driving the connecting pipe 86 to rotate is connected to the connecting pipe 86, and the driving mechanism 87 comprises a fourth motor 88 and a speed reducer 89 which are fixed on the fixing frame 81, a rotating shaft of the fourth motor 88 is connected with an input end of a speed reducer 89, an output end of the speed reducer 89 is fixedly connected with a driving gear 90 which can only rotate, a driven gear 91 which is coaxial with the connecting pipe 86 is fixedly arranged outside the connecting pipe 86, and the driven gear 91 is meshed with the driving gear 90.
The fixed frame 81 is further fixedly provided with a hopper 92, and the lower end of the hopper 92 extends into the connecting pipe 86. The upper end of the hopper 92 is a flared structure gradually enlarged from bottom to top. Second filter screen 82 is close to border position and is equipped with the dregs of fat export 93, second filter screen 82 below is equipped with the oil guide plate 94 that the slope set up. The oil guide plate 94 is vertically and fixedly connected with side plates 95 at two sides, and the two side plates 95 on the right side of the oil guide plate 94 are gradually folded inwards from top to bottom near the lower end of the oil guide plate 94. The oil residue outlet 93 is fixedly provided with a slag trap 96 which is arranged downwards, and the outer side surface of the slag trap 96 is attached to the edge of the oil guide plate 94.
The casing 80 and the oil guide plate 94 are fixed on the fixing frame 81, and the connecting pipe 86 can only be installed on the fixing frame 81 in a self-rotating manner. A bearing is arranged between the connecting pipe 86 and the fixing frame 81.
When the tea seed kernel dust collector is in operation, tea seed kernels are sucked into the shell 53 from the position of the feeding pipe 56 through the negative pressure generated by the air pump 51, dust enters the air inlet pipe 54 of the air pump 51 through the first filter screen 60 and then is discharged from the air outlet pipe 55 of the air pump 51, and the tea seed kernels with larger weight fall out of the discharge pipe 57 of the shell 53. When the first filter screen 60 between the air pump 51 and the housing 53 needs to be replaced and cleaned after being used for a period of time, the second air cylinder 65 is controlled to drive the air pump 51 to move upwards so that the air inlet pipe 54 on the air pump 51 is separated from the first circular groove 61 on the connecting circular ring 59 between the air pump 51 and the housing 53, then the first air cylinder 64 is controlled to drive the first motor 63 to move upwards, the connecting plate 58 on the rotating shaft of the first motor 63 drives the two connecting circular rings 59 to move upwards so that the upper end of the housing 53 is separated from the second circular groove 62 on the connecting circular ring 59 between the air pump 51 and the housing 53, meanwhile, the first filter screen 60 on the other connecting circular ring 59 is separated from the thimble 67, the first motor 63 is controlled to work, the first motor 63 controls the connecting plate 58 to rotate 180 degrees, the rotating angle of the rotating shaft of the first motor 63 is preset by a program, so that the two connecting circular rings 59 on the connecting plate 58 are changed in position, and then the first cylinder 64 is controlled to drive the first motor 63 to move downwards, at this time, the upper end of the shell 53 is embedded into the second annular groove 62 of the connecting annular ring 59 provided with the clean first filter screen 60, and the connecting annular ring 59 of the replaced first filter screen 60 with dust moves downwards from the upper part of the fixed disc 66 until the thimble 67 is inserted into the mesh hole of the first filter screen 60, and the thimble 67 can poke the dust in the mesh hole of the first filter screen 60, so that the problem of blockage of the first filter screen 60 is solved. And then the second motor 71 and the third motor 72 are controlled to work, the third motor 72 drives the connecting frame 52 to rotate, the second motor 71 drives the rolling brush 69 to rotate, so that the rolling brush 69 cleans the first filter screen 60, and meanwhile, the dust collector 70 is controlled to work, so that dust generated by the rolling brush 69 is sucked away in time, and the cleaning effect on the first filter screen 60 is improved. The whole process can realize semi-automation and is very convenient to operate. To reduce the effect of the roller brush 69 on the pins 67, the length of the pins 67 is limited such that the upper ends of the pins 67 are flush with the first screen 60 after the pins 67 are inserted into the first screen 60.
The oil press sucks tea seed kernels from the feeding pipe 56, the tea seed kernels fall into the feeding hopper 201 of the oil press through the discharging pipe 57, the oil press performs oil pressing operation on the tea seed kernels, generated cake drops out from the cake outlet 202, generated tea seed oil flows into the hopper 92 from the oil outlet 203, then flows into the connecting pipe 86 from the hopper 92, and then flows into the central position of the driving disc 83, most of oil directly passes through the second filter screen 82 and flows onto the oil guide plate 94, the second filter screen 82 filters the tea seed oil and then generates oil residues above the second filter screen 82 and in the driving disc 83, the driving mechanism 87 drives the connecting pipe 86 to rotate, the connecting pipe 86 drives the driving disc 83 to rotate, the spiral guide 84 pushes the oil residues to move along a channel of a spiral structure in the spiral guide 84 along with the rotation of the driving disc 83, so that the stroke of the oil residues on the second filter screen 82 is increased, meanwhile, the spiral guide member 84 pushes the oil residue to generate a certain extrusion on the oil residue, so that the oil residue filters out the tea seed oil, the tea seed oil in the oil residue can be filtered out in enough time and drop onto the oil guide plate 94 through the second filter screen 82, the filtering rate of the tea seed oil in the oil residue is improved, and the production efficiency is higher.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. A tea seed oil pressing device comprises a suction machine, an oil press and an oil receiving tank, and is characterized in that,
the suction machine comprises a rack, an air pump and a hollow shell, wherein the air pump is provided with an air inlet pipe and an exhaust pipe; a rotary type filtering mechanism is arranged between the air inlet pipe and the shell, the rotary type filtering mechanism comprises a connecting plate, two sides of the connecting plate are respectively fixedly provided with a connecting ring in a transversely-arranged circular ring structure, the connecting rings at two sides of the connecting plate are in central symmetry, a first filter screen is fixedly arranged in each connecting ring, the first filter screens in the two connecting rings are also in central symmetry, the upper end surface and the lower end surface of each connecting ring are respectively provided with a first circular ring groove and a second circular ring groove which are coaxially arranged with the connecting rings, the air inlet pipe can be embedded into the first circular ring grooves, and the upper end of the shell can be embedded into the second circular ring grooves; a first motor is arranged below the connecting plate, a rotating shaft of the first motor is vertically and fixedly connected with the central line position of the connecting plate, the first motor can drive the connecting plate to rotate so that the connecting ring moves to a position between the air inlet pipe and the upper end of the shell and coaxial with the air inlet pipe, a first air cylinder for driving the first motor to lift and a second air cylinder for driving the air pump to lift are fixedly arranged on the rack, a fixed disc is further fixedly arranged on the rack, ejector pins which are in one-to-one correspondence with meshes of the first filter screen are vertically and fixedly distributed on the upper end face of the fixed disc, and when the upper end of the shell is embedded into a second ring groove of one of the connecting rings, the ejector pins are inserted into the meshes of the first filter screen on the other connecting ring from bottom to top;
a feed hopper, a slag cake outlet and an oil outlet are arranged on the oil press, and a discharge pipe on the suction machine is positioned above the feed hopper;
the oil receiving tank is positioned below an oil outlet of the oil press and comprises a casing with an annular structure, a second filter screen transversely arranged is fixedly connected in the casing, the upper end of the casing protrudes upwards relative to the second filter screen, a driving disc positioned above the second filter screen is arranged in the casing and comprises a spiral guide part with a planar spiral structure, the lower end surface of the spiral guide part is attached to the second filter screen, the upper end surface of the spiral guide part is fixedly connected with a flat plate, the central position of the upper end surface of the flat plate is vertically and fixedly connected with a connecting pipe communicated with the central position of the spiral guide part, and a driving mechanism for driving the connecting pipe to rotate is connected to the connecting pipe; the second filter screen is close to border position and is equipped with the oil residue export, second filter screen below is equipped with the oil guide plate that the slope set up.
2. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 1, further comprising a connecting frame, wherein the connecting frame is provided with a rolling brush which can only rotate and is transversely arranged, the connecting frame is further fixedly provided with a dust collector arranged along the rolling brush and a second motor used for driving the rolling brush to rotate, and the rack is further fixedly provided with a third motor used for driving the connecting frame to rotate so that the rolling brush moves above the fixed disc to clean the first filter screen.
3. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein when the air inlet pipe is embedded into the first circular groove, the inner wall and the outer wall of the air inlet pipe are respectively attached to two side walls of the first circular groove; when the upper end of the shell is embedded into the second circular groove, the inner wall and the outer wall of the upper end of the shell are respectively attached to two side walls of the second circular groove.
4. The tea seed oil pressing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the thimble is tapered from bottom to top.
5. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 1, wherein a slag trap plate is fixedly arranged at the position of the oil residue outlet and is arranged downwards, and the outer side surface of the slag trap plate is attached to the edge of the oil guide plate.
6. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 1 or 5, wherein the two sides of the oil guide plate are vertically and fixedly connected with the side plates, and the two side plates on the right side of the oil guide plate are gradually folded inwards from top to bottom near the lower end of the oil guide plate.
7. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 1, wherein a fixing frame for supporting the casing is fixedly connected to the casing, the oil guide plate is fixed to the fixing frame, a hopper is further fixedly arranged on the fixing frame, the lower end of the hopper extends into the connecting pipe, and the connecting pipe is only rotatably mounted on the fixing frame.
8. The tea seed oil pressing device according to claim 7, wherein the driving mechanism comprises a fourth motor and a speed reducer which are fixed on the fixing frame, a rotating shaft of the fourth motor is connected with an input end of the speed reducer, an output end of the speed reducer is fixedly connected with a driving gear which can only rotate, a driven gear which is coaxial with the connecting pipe is fixedly arranged outside the connecting pipe, and the driven gear is meshed with the driving gear.
9. The tea seed oil pressing device as claimed in claim 7, wherein a bearing is arranged between the connecting pipe and the fixing frame.
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CN205710662U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-11-23 江西友尼宝农业科技股份有限公司 The equipment that a kind of Oleum Camelliae filters
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CN206843404U (en) * 2017-06-28 2018-01-05 河南绿达山茶油股份有限公司 Camellia seed oil production process pressing device
CN210365973U (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-04-21 张家港市沃尔特精密机械有限公司 Prevent blockking up auto sucking machine
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