CN113142118A - Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things - Google Patents

Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113142118A
CN113142118A CN202110249776.7A CN202110249776A CN113142118A CN 113142118 A CN113142118 A CN 113142118A CN 202110249776 A CN202110249776 A CN 202110249776A CN 113142118 A CN113142118 A CN 113142118A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
internet
things
image acquisition
culture
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Pending
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CN202110249776.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖俊
陈丽婷
郭忠宝
罗永巨
唐瞻杨
谭芸
梁军能
严欣
罗立鸣
檀午芳
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Guangxi Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Guangxi Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Priority to CN202110249776.7A priority Critical patent/CN113142118A/en
Publication of CN113142118A publication Critical patent/CN113142118A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/006Accessories for aquaria or terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)
  • Management, Administration, Business Operations System, And Electronic Commerce (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of tilapia culture, and particularly discloses an Internet of things-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia culture system, which comprises a culture pond, wherein a water supply device, a drainage device, a temperature control device, a water quality monitoring device, an image acquisition device, a pollution discharge device, a water circulation device, an oxygenation device and a feeding device are respectively arranged in the culture pond; the devices are connected with the Internet of things control center through a network; the Internet of things control center comprises a processing unit, a storage unit and a control unit; the computer or the mobile terminal can remotely control the water supply device, the drainage device, the temperature control device, the water quality monitoring device, the image acquisition device, the sewage discharge device, the water circulation device, the oxygenation device and the feeding device through the control unit. The scheme is mainly applied to the overwintering process of the tilapia, and solves the problems that the existing overwintering culture system is simple in structure, cannot monitor and control the state in a culture pond, and limits capacity expansion and work efficiency improvement.

Description

Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tilapia culture, and particularly discloses an Internet of things-based overwintering heat-preserving tilapia culture system.
Background
Tilapia is a tropical fish and is not resistant to low temperature, and under normal conditions, the tilapia can live through the winter naturally in a few areas in the south of China, and other areas need to take measures to help the tilapia live through the winter. Under the condition of pond culture, the water temperature needs to be maintained above 15 ℃, and the tilapia can normally survive. Tilapia death occurs when the pond water temperature is 14 ℃ for more than 2 weeks and 12 ℃ for more than 1 week.
In the prior art, water is generally heated in a culture pond through an electric heating wire or a greenhouse is covered outside the culture pond for overwintering, but the mode is obviously untimely when a mobile network is developed at present, the monitoring and control on the state inside the culture pond cannot be realized, and the capacity expansion and the improvement of the working efficiency are restricted.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an Internet of things-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia mossambica culture system, and aims to solve the problems that the overwintering culture system in the prior art is simple in structure, cannot monitor and control the state in a culture pond, and limits capacity expansion and work efficiency improvement.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a tilapia breeding system based on Internet of things for overwintering heat preservation comprises a breeding pond, wherein a water supply device, a drainage device, a temperature control device, a water quality monitoring device, an image acquisition device, a sewage discharge device, a water circulation device, an oxygenation device and a feeding device are respectively arranged in the breeding pond; the water supply device, the drainage device, the temperature control device, the water quality monitoring device, the image acquisition device, the sewage discharge device, the water circulation device, the oxygenation device and the feeding device are all connected with the Internet of things control center through a network, and the Internet of things control center is connected with a computer or a mobile terminal through the network; the Internet of things control center comprises a processing unit, a storage unit and a control unit; the storage unit is used for storing information collected by the water quality monitoring device and the image acquisition device, and the computer or the mobile terminal can remotely control the water supply device, the drainage device, the temperature control device, the water quality monitoring device, the image acquisition device, the sewage discharge device, the water circulation device, the oxygenation device and the feeding device through the control unit.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows:
when the cultivation system is used, a network needs to be ensured to be smooth, control application is built in a computer and a mobile terminal, remote control over a water supply device, a drainage device, a temperature control device, a water quality monitoring device, an image acquisition device, a pollution discharge device, a water circulation device, an oxygenation device and a feeding device is realized through operation on a control application site, and information acquired by the water quality monitoring device and the image acquisition device can be stored in a storage unit so as to be used for a processing unit to judge and analyze.
The beneficial effects of this technical scheme lie in:
(1) the culture system can be used for culturing tilapia and overwintering, and can also be used for culturing aquatic products such as freshwater fish, shrimps, crabs and the like, and the application range is wide;
(2) the aquaculture system can monitor the water quality parameters in real time and the activity condition of aquatic products, avoids the pollution of aquaculture water caused by abnormal aggregation of aquatic product groups or long-term accumulation of toxic substances, improves the aquaculture efficiency and improves the survival rate of the aquatic products.
Furthermore, the water quality monitoring device is used for monitoring the information of temperature, water level, salinity, dissolved oxygen and PH value in the culture pond in real time, the temperature parameter, water level parameter, salinity parameter, dissolved oxygen parameter and PH value parameter of the set standard are arranged in the processing unit, and when the water quality information monitored by the water quality monitoring device exceeds the set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm and prompt through a computer or a mobile terminal. Set up like this and can go out the cycle of trading water according to the change automatic analysis of quality of water to and the time of trading water next time, can in time carry out the early warning through mobile terminal when quality of water appears unusually simultaneously, improve response speed, promote work efficiency.
Furthermore, the image acquisition device is used for monitoring the activity information of the fish in the culture pond in real time, standard activity parameters are set in the processing unit, and when the activity of the fish monitored by the image acquisition device exceeds a set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm through a computer or a mobile terminal. The setting is convenient for implement the monitoring to the liveness and the gathering condition of shoal of fish like this, is convenient for carry out the early warning with the mobile terminal to breed personnel with unusual condition very first time.
Further, waste fitting discharging sets up and breeds the bottom of the pool, and waste fitting discharging is including setting up the horizontally grid board in breeding the pond lower part, and the grid board constitutes each other with breeding the bottom of the pool and deposits dirty district, deposits dirty district in-connection and has access to the outside sewage pipes who breeds the pond, deposits dirty district and is equipped with the shooting ware, and shooting ware and thing networking control center network interconnect, computer or mobile terminal can look over through the shooting ware and deposit the real-time condition in dirty district. The camera is convenient for remotely checking the real-time state in the pollution storage area and is used as the basis for cleaning the pollution.
Further, the water circulating device is arranged on one side of the upper part of the culture pond and comprises a water inlet unit, a filtering unit and a water outlet unit. Set up its simple structure like this, the cost is lower, and stability is high simultaneously, does benefit to the maintenance of later stage ground.
Furthermore, the upper part of the culture pond is horizontally connected with a telescopic covering shed in a sliding way along the length direction. Through increasing slidable cover canopy can further improve the heat retaining effect of wintering, after outdoor temperature promoted, can will cover the canopy and remove to one side and accomodate simultaneously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a southeast isometric perspective structure of an embodiment of an overwintering and heat-preserving tilapia mossambica culture system based on the Internet of things;
FIG. 2 is a front view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic frame diagram of the present farming system.
Detailed Description
The following is further detailed by way of specific embodiments:
reference numerals in the drawings of the specification include: the system comprises a culture pond 1, a water supply device 2, a drainage device 3, a temperature control device 4, a water quality monitoring device 5, an image acquisition device 6, a sewage discharge device 7, a water circulation device 8, an oxygenation device 9, a feeding device 10, a computer 11, a grid plate 12, a sewage storage area 13, a sewage discharge pipeline 14, a shooting device 15 and a covering shed 16.
The embodiment is shown in fig. 1 and 2, the tilapia breeding system based on the internet of things and capable of realizing the heat preservation in the wintering comprises a breeding pond 1, wherein a telescopic covering shed 16 is horizontally installed on the upper portion of the breeding pond 1 in a sliding mode through a sliding rail in the length direction, and a water supply device 2, a water drainage device 3, a temperature control device 4, a water quality monitoring device 5, an image acquisition device 6, a sewage discharge device 7, a water circulation device 8, an oxygenation device 9 and a feeding device 10 are respectively installed in the breeding pond 1; as shown in fig. 3, a water supply device 2, a drainage device 3, a temperature control device 4, a water quality monitoring device 5, an image acquisition device 6, a pollution discharge device 7, a water circulation device 8, an oxygenation device 9 and a feeding device 10 are all connected with an internet of things control center through a network, the internet of things control center is connected with a computer 11 or a mobile terminal through the network, and meanwhile, corresponding control applications are installed in the computer 11 or the mobile terminal; the Internet of things control center comprises a processing unit, a storage unit and a control unit; the storage unit is used for storing information collected by the water quality monitoring device 5 and the image collecting device 6, and the water supply device 2, the drainage device 3, the temperature control device 4, the water quality monitoring device 5, the image collecting device 6, the pollution discharge device 7, the water circulation device 8, the oxygenation device 9 and the feeding device 10 can be remotely controlled through the control unit by the control application on the computer 11 or the mobile terminal.
The water quality monitoring device 5 realizes real-time monitoring of temperature, water level, salinity, dissolved oxygen and PH value information in the culture pond 1 through a temperature sensor, a water level sensor, a salinity sensor, a dissolved oxygen sensor and a PH sensor, standard temperature parameters, water level parameters, salinity parameters, dissolved oxygen parameters and PH value parameters are set in the processing unit, and when the water quality information monitored by the water quality monitoring device 5 exceeds the set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm and prompt through the application in the computer 11 or the mobile terminal.
The image acquisition device 6 realizes real-time monitoring of the liveness information of the fish in the culture pond 1 through a camera device and a light supplement device, standard liveness parameters are set in the processing unit, and when the liveness of the fish monitored by the image acquisition device 6 exceeds a set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm through the computer 11 or an application in the mobile terminal.
Blowdown apparatus 7 installs in breeding 1 bottom in the pond, blowdown apparatus 7 is including installing at the horizontally grid plate 12 of 1 lower part in the pond, grid plate 12 constitutes each other with 1 bottom in the pond of breeding and deposits dirty district 13, grid plate 12 is preferably vertical bar form grid, vertical bar form grid is convenient for the filth to sink fast to depositing in dirty district 13, and not persist on grid plate 12, deposit the interior intercommunication of dirty district 13 and have the sewage pipes 14 who leads to 1 outside of breeding the pond, sewage pipes 14 upper portion is connected with the suction pump, deposit and install in the dirty district 13 and shoot ware 15, shoot ware 15 and dispose light filling equipment, shoot ware 15 and thing networking control center network interconnection, computer 11 or mobile terminal can look over the real-time status in the dirty district 13 through shooting ware 15. The water circulating device 8 is arranged on one side of the upper part in the culture pond 1 and comprises a water inlet unit, a filtering unit and a water outlet unit.
The temperature control device 4 in this embodiment is preferably an electric heating wire installed around the lower portion in the culture pond 1, and the feeding device 10 opens and closes the feeding bin through an electric sealing door to realize remote feeding.
The specific implementation process is as follows:
when the overwintering heat-preservation culture system is used, the smooth network needs to be ensured, control application is built in the computer 11 and the mobile terminal, remote control over the water supply device 2, the water drainage device 3, the temperature control device 4, the water quality monitoring device 5, the image acquisition device 6, the sewage discharge device 7, the water circulation device 8, the oxygenation device 9 and the feeding device 10 is realized through operation on the control application site, information acquired by the water quality monitoring device 5 and the image acquisition device 6 can be stored in the storage unit to be used for the processing unit to judge and analyze, and therefore abnormal condition alarm is realized.
When the temperature reaches the lowest in winter or at night, the culture pond 1 may be covered using the covering shed 16.
The foregoing is merely an example of the present invention and common general knowledge of known specific structures and features of the embodiments is not described herein in any greater detail. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the present invention, several changes and modifications can be made, which should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention, and these will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the practicability of the patent.

Claims (6)

1. A tilapia breeding system based on Internet of things and capable of realizing overwintering heat preservation is characterized by comprising a breeding pond, wherein a water supply device, a drainage device, a temperature control device, a water quality monitoring device, an image acquisition device, a pollution discharge device, a water circulation device, an oxygenation device and a feeding device are respectively arranged in the breeding pond; the water supply device, the drainage device, the temperature control device, the water quality monitoring device, the image acquisition device, the sewage discharge device, the water circulation device, the oxygenation device and the feeding device are all connected with the Internet of things control center through a network, and the Internet of things control center is connected with a computer or a mobile terminal through the network; the Internet of things control center comprises a processing unit, a storage unit and a control unit; the storage unit is used for storing information collected by the water quality monitoring device and the image acquisition device, and the computer or the mobile terminal can remotely control the water supply device, the drainage device, the temperature control device, the water quality monitoring device, the image acquisition device, the sewage discharge device, the water circulation device, the oxygenation device and the feeding device through the control unit.
2. The IOT-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia mossambica culture system according to claim 1, wherein the water quality monitoring device is used for monitoring information of temperature, water level, salinity, dissolved oxygen and PH value in the culture pond in real time, the processing unit is internally provided with standard temperature parameter, water level parameter, salinity parameter, dissolved oxygen parameter and PH value parameter, and when the water quality information monitored by the water quality monitoring device exceeds the set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm to prompt through a computer or a mobile terminal.
3. The system for culturing tilapia through wintering and heat preservation based on the internet of things according to claim 2, wherein the image acquisition device is used for monitoring the activity information of the fishes in the culture pond in real time, standard activity parameters are set in the processing unit, and when the activity of the fishes monitored by the image acquisition device exceeds the set standard, the processing unit can give an alarm prompt through a computer or a mobile terminal.
4. The IOT-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia mossambica culture system according to claim 3, wherein the blowdown device is arranged at the bottom of the culture pond and comprises a horizontal grid plate arranged at the lower part of the culture pond, the grid plate and the bottom of the culture pond mutually form a sewage storage area, a blowdown pipeline leading to the outside of the culture pond is communicated in the sewage storage area, a camera is arranged in the sewage storage area and is interconnected with an IOT control center network, and a computer or a mobile terminal can check the real-time state in the sewage storage area through the camera.
5. The IOT-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia mossambica culture system according to claim 4, wherein the water circulating device is arranged on one side of the upper part of the culture pond and comprises a water inlet unit, a filtering unit and a water outlet unit.
6. The IOT-based overwintering heat-preservation tilapia mossambica culture system according to claim 5, characterized in that a telescopic covering shed is horizontally connected to the upper part of the culture pond in a sliding manner along the length direction.
CN202110249776.7A 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things Pending CN113142118A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110249776.7A CN113142118A (en) 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110249776.7A CN113142118A (en) 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 Tilapia breeding system with overwintering heat preservation function based on Internet of things

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CN113142118A true CN113142118A (en) 2021-07-23

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114041439A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-15 烟台市海洋经济研究院(烟台市渔业技术推广站、烟台市海洋捕捞增殖管理站) Water quality real-time monitoring device for prawn freshwater aquaculture pond

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114041439A (en) * 2021-11-25 2022-02-15 烟台市海洋经济研究院(烟台市渔业技术推广站、烟台市海洋捕捞增殖管理站) Water quality real-time monitoring device for prawn freshwater aquaculture pond

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