CN113007821B - Indoor dehumidification method realized through window - Google Patents

Indoor dehumidification method realized through window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113007821B
CN113007821B CN202110387304.8A CN202110387304A CN113007821B CN 113007821 B CN113007821 B CN 113007821B CN 202110387304 A CN202110387304 A CN 202110387304A CN 113007821 B CN113007821 B CN 113007821B
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dehumidification
window
module
dehumidification module
regeneration
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CN113007821A (en
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黄锋
肖丽丽
穆大伟
符师桦
冯欣蕊
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Hainan University
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Hainan University
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/64Electronic processing using pre-stored data
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0042Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater characterised by the application of thermo-electric units or the Peltier effect
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F2003/1458Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification using regenerators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy
    • F24F2005/0067Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy with photovoltaic panels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/20Humidity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/20Humidity
    • F24F2110/22Humidity of the outside air

Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor dehumidification method realized through a window, which is characterized in that at least two dehumidification modules are arranged in the window, the humidity value of fresh air is detected after the fresh air enters the window, and the fresh air is controlled to be dehumidified only through one dehumidification module or through more than one dehumidification module according to the humidity condition of the fresh air. The invention has the function of multi-stage dehumidification gradient adjustment, can better adjust the dehumidification effect according to the requirement, can improve the air outlet comfort level, does not need to rely on external electric power, can independently work, and has good applicability.

Description

Indoor dehumidification method realized through window
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of indoor environment control, and particularly relates to an indoor dehumidification method realized through a window.
Background
In southern areas of China, in order to meet the requirement of comfort of people in hot and humid weather, an air conditioner has to be used for a long time or even all day long, so that dehumidification is performed indoors while cooling is achieved, energy consumption used for dehumidification is duty-adjusted to 1/3 to 1/2 of total energy consumption, and the energy consumption of buildings is greatly increased; in winter, for office workers, although the requirement of temperature comfort of people is met without opening an air conditioner, the air humidity is high, so that people have to open the air conditioner for dehumidification, and energy is wasted; for families, people tend to close windows tightly to avoid the influence of outdoor wet weather on the indoor environment, but the health and the comfort of people are greatly influenced by the behavior.
Chinese patent No. CN202010536021.0 discloses a dehumidifying window, which comprises a window body, a precooler, a solid adsorption dehumidifying layer and an exhaust chamber. Fresh air enters the window body from the precooler through the fan, the solid adsorption dehumidification layer carries out adsorption dehumidification on the air, and the dehumidified air enters the room through the first air outlet surface. The problem that this window exists is that this dehumidification work is one-way work, can't adjust, can appear the insufficient condition of dehumidification when the air humidity is big, can appear the condition of excessive dehumidification when the air humidity is little, influences human travelling comfort. Meanwhile, the dehumidification system of the window can not work independently because the dehumidification system depends on external electric power and needs an external power supply.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the technical problems to be solved by the invention are as follows: how to provide one kind can adjust dehumidification effect as required better, improve the indoor dehumidification method that realizes through the window of air-out comfort level to further make it need not to rely on external electric power, but the autonomous working improves the suitability.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an indoor dehumidification method through window realization, cools off earlier the new trend that gets into the window and makes aqueous vapor condense in the new trend, and it is indoor to control the geomantic omen again and send into after the moisture of condensation is got rid of through dehumidification module, and its characterized in that is provided with two dehumidification modules in the window at least, detects its humidity value behind the new trend air inlet to control the new trend and only dehumidify through a dehumidification module or through more than one dehumidification module according to new trend humidity condition.
Like this, can control the dehumidification degree according to the new trend humidity condition, can avoid the insufficient or excessive dehumidification's of dehumidification condition better, guarantee that the air-out has better comfort level. The dehumidification module can be a container containing a dehumidification solution (the dehumidification solution can be one or a mixture of a plurality of solutions of a lithium bromide solution, a calcium chloride solution and a lithium chloride solution), or a module with a ventilation effect, which is made of a solid water-absorbing material, and the specific implementation manner is the prior art and is not described in detail herein.
Furthermore, at least one low-power dehumidification module and one high-power dehumidification module are arranged in the window, when dehumidification is carried out, the humidity of fresh air is detected and then is compared with a preset threshold range, when the humidity of the fresh air is smaller than the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to only pass through the low-power dehumidification module, when the humidity of the fresh air falls into the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to only pass through the high-power dehumidification module, and when the humidity of the fresh air is larger than the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to sequentially pass through the low-power dehumidification module and the high-power dehumidification module.
Like this, can rely on two dehumidification modules to realize the dehumidification effect of three different progression, can select as required better. The low-power dehumidification module is a dehumidification module with relatively lower dehumidification effect, the high-power dehumidification module is a dehumidification module with relatively higher dehumidification effect, and the high-power dehumidification module can be realized in a mode of increasing or decreasing the volume of the dehumidification module, so that one of the dehumidification module is larger than the other dehumidification module. The specific size of the preset threshold range can also be set according to needs, and is not detailed here.
The method is further realized by installing a stepped dehumidifying window on a room wall, wherein the stepped dehumidifying window comprises a window body, an air flow channel communicated with the outer side and the inner side of the window is arranged on the window body, a fan (preferably arranged at an inlet position) is installed in the air flow channel, a surface cooler and an air inlet humidity sensor are arranged at the position, close to the inlet end, of the air flow channel, a stepped dehumidifying pipe network system is formed in the air flow channel, the stepped dehumidifying pipe network system comprises a first dehumidifying module and a second dehumidifying module which are arranged in series, the dehumidifying effect of the first dehumidifying module is smaller than that of the second dehumidifying module, a first bypass pipeline is arranged beside the first dehumidifying module in parallel, a second bypass pipeline is arranged beside the second dehumidifying module in parallel, a first three-way electromagnetic valve is further arranged at the inlet end of the first dehumidifying module, and three interfaces of the first three-way electromagnetic valve are respectively connected with the stepped dehumidifying pipe inlet end pipeline, the inlet end of the first bypass pipeline and the first inlet of the first dehumidifying module; the outlet end of the first dehumidification module is also provided with a second three-way electromagnetic valve, and three interfaces of the second three-way electromagnetic valve are respectively connected with the first outlet of the first dehumidification module, the first inlet of the second dehumidification module and the inlet of the second bypass pipeline; the air conditioner also comprises a controller, wherein the controller is respectively connected with the inlet air humidity sensor, the first three-way electromagnetic valve and the second three-way electromagnetic valve.
Therefore, the method can be realized by means of the stepped dehumidifying window, when the window is used, the air flow is cooled and condensed by the surface air cooler, then the humidity condition is detected by the humidity sensor, and the air flow can be controlled in a targeted manner to only pass through the first dehumidifying module or the second dehumidifying module or simultaneously pass through the two dehumidifying modules according to the humidity condition. The dehumidification effect of three gradients is realized. The dehumidification module can be a container containing dehumidification solution (the dehumidification solution can be one or a mixture of a plurality of solutions of lithium bromide solution, calcium chloride solution and lithium chloride solution), or a module with ventilation effect made of solid water-absorbing material.
As optimization, the outlet end of the first bypass pipeline is connected to the inlet end of the second dehumidification module, and a short-circuit pipeline with a switch valve is further arranged on the first bypass pipeline and connected between the first dehumidification module and the second three-way electromagnetic valve.
Like this, when not needing the dehumidification, can make the wind current bypass two dehumidification modules, realize direct air inlet, supply the room to realize ventilation.
As optimization, the inner side of the window body is also provided with an indoor humidity sensor.
Like this, can detect the indoor humidity condition, when indoor humidity is too high, the steerable dry air current that introduces behind the degree of depth dehumidification, when indoor humidity is moderate, steerable dehumidification effect of adjusting makes it moderate.
Further, the indoor humidity sensor is arranged at the lower end of the inner side face of the window body. This is because the room is occupied by the activity of the persons in the lower room position, and the humid air sinks, so that the sensor is arranged in the lower end position for better detection.
Further, the surface of the outer side of the window body is also provided with a solar cell panel, the solar cell panel is connected with a storage battery through a charge-discharge controller, and the storage battery is connected with the controller.
In this way, solar energy can be absorbed by the solar panel to charge the storage battery and then power the controller and other electrical components. The dehumidification device can independently work without depending on external power during dehumidification, and applicability is improved.
Furthermore, the upper end of the solar cell panel is rotatably connected to the upper end of the outer side of the window body, the window body is further provided with a rotatable supporting rod, and the supporting rod is used for outwards propping open the solar cell panel.
Therefore, the solar cell panel can better receive sunlight, absorb solar energy and shade the indoor sun.
Further, the outlet of the air flow channel is transversely arranged in the middle of the window, and the outlet is provided with the shutter.
Therefore, the air outlet direction can be adjusted through the louvers.
Furthermore, the window body is further provided with a regeneration system, the regeneration system comprises a regeneration pipeline, a main pipeline of an inlet end of the regeneration pipeline is connected to an air flow channel before entering the surface cooler, a heat collector is arranged in the main pipeline of the inlet end of the regeneration pipeline, the regeneration system further comprises a first regeneration branch pipe and a second regeneration branch pipe which are arranged in parallel, the inlet ends of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with the main pipeline of the inlet end of the regeneration pipeline through a third three-way valve, the outlet ends of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with a main pipeline of an outlet end of the regeneration pipeline through a fourth three-way valve, the main pipeline of the outlet end of the regeneration pipeline is communicated with the outer side of the window, the first dehumidification module is connected into the first regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the first dehumidification module, the second dehumidification module is connected into the second regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the second dehumidification module, and the regeneration system further comprises a dehumidification module humidity detection sensor arranged at the outlet ends of the first dehumidification module and the second dehumidification module.
Like this, when dehumidification module humidity transducer detects the dehumidification module and can't reach the dehumidification effect when the moisture content saturation, control regeneration system work, partial wind current gets into regeneration pipeline, and it is hot-blast to heat formation in the heat collector, then control hot-blast dehumidification module that enters into needs regeneration, carries out dry regeneration to the dehumidification module, then flows out outdoor emission with the high humidity wind after the drying. When the dehumidification module carries out regeneration, the module can be controlled to stop dehumidification. And after drying and regeneration are finished, putting the materials into dehumidification again for use. Therefore, the dehumidification module can be repeatedly recycled, and the long-term dehumidification effect is ensured.
Furthermore, a semiconductor refrigeration piece is arranged on the window body, the hot end of the semiconductor refrigeration piece is connected with the heat collector to supply heat for the semiconductor refrigeration piece, the cold end of the semiconductor refrigeration piece is connected with the cold collector, and the cold collector is connected with the surface cooler through a cooling water circulation pipeline to exchange heat and supply cold for the surface cooler.
Therefore, the semiconductor refrigerating sheet is skillfully adopted to realize heat supply and cold supply for the heat collector and the surface cooler simultaneously, the structure is simple, the implementation is convenient, the energy waste is avoided, and the energy utilization efficiency is improved.
As optimization, a third bypass pipeline is further arranged in the cascade dehumidification pipe network system, a fifth three-way valve is further arranged at the position, close to the outlet of the second dehumidification module, of the air flow channel, the starting end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the fifth three-way valve, the outlet end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the third inlet of the first dehumidification module, and a one-way valve is arranged on the third bypass pipeline.
The setting of third bypass pipeline like this for arbitrary dehumidification module finishes at dry regeneration, when needing to participate in the dehumidification again, can directly communicate dehumidification module rear of working and dehumidify, need not to control wind current change order again, can accomplish the conversion control to high efficiency dehumidification mode fast like this, avoids the wind-force loss that the wind direction change produced, improves switching efficiency, satisfies user experience better.
As optimization, a set of step dehumidification pipe network system and a corresponding regeneration system are respectively arranged in window frames positioned at two sides of the glass on the window body, the two sets of step dehumidification pipe network systems share one surface air cooler and the surface air cooler is positioned in the window frame above the glass, the two sets of regeneration systems share one heat collector and the heat collector is positioned in the window frame above the glass; the power of four dehumidification modules in the two sets of cascade dehumidification pipe network systems are different.
Like this, increased a set of dehumidification effect different step dehumidification pipe network system, greatly improved the dehumidification gradient of window, four dehumidification modules make up respectively, can realize the dehumidification gradient control of ten kinds of equidimensions not. Meanwhile, the structure arrangement is reasonable and reliable, and the mutual interference can be avoided.
Finally, the invention has the function of multi-stage dehumidification gradient adjustment, can better adjust the dehumidification effect according to the needs, can improve the air outlet comfort level, does not need to rely on external electric power, can independently work, and has good applicability.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a step dehumidification window used in implementation.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the solar panel of fig. 1 showing the window opened in a side view.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the upper half of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to specific embodiments.
The specific implementation mode is as follows: the utility model provides an indoor dehumidification method through window realization, cools off earlier the new trend that gets into the window and makes aqueous vapor condense in the new trend, and it is indoor to control the geomantic omen again and send into after the moisture of condensation is got rid of through dehumidification module, wherein, is provided with two dehumidification modules in the window at least, detects its humidity value behind the new trend air inlet to control the new trend and only dehumidify through a dehumidification module or through more than one dehumidification module according to new trend humidity condition.
Like this, can control the dehumidification degree according to the new trend humidity condition, can avoid the condition of dehumidification inadequately or excessively dehumidifying better, guarantee that the air-out has better comfort level. The dehumidification module can be a container containing a dehumidification solution (the dehumidification solution can be one or a mixture of a plurality of solutions of a lithium bromide solution, a calcium chloride solution and a lithium chloride solution), or a module with a ventilation effect, which is made of a solid water-absorbing material, and the specific implementation manner is the prior art and is not described in detail herein.
In this embodiment, at least one low-power dehumidification module and one high-power dehumidification module are arranged in the window, when dehumidification is performed, the detected fresh air humidity is compared with a preset threshold range, when the fresh air humidity is smaller than the preset threshold range, the control air flow only passes through the low-power dehumidification module, when the fresh air humidity falls into the preset threshold range, the control air flow only passes through the high-power dehumidification module, and when the fresh air humidity is larger than the preset threshold range, the control air flow sequentially passes through the low-power dehumidification module and the high-power dehumidification module.
Like this, can rely on two dehumidification modules to realize the dehumidification effect of three different progression, can select as required better. The low-power dehumidification module is a dehumidification module with relatively lower dehumidification effect, the high-power dehumidification module is a dehumidification module with relatively higher dehumidification effect, and the high-power dehumidification module can be realized in a mode of increasing or decreasing the volume of the dehumidification module, so that one dehumidification module is larger than the other dehumidification module. The specific size of the preset threshold range can also be set according to needs, and is not detailed here.
Specifically, the method is realized by installing a step dehumidification window on a room wall, and referring to fig. 1-3, the step dehumidification window comprises a window body 1, wherein an air flow channel 2 (the air flow channel 2 is represented by a solid line) communicated with the outer side and the inner side of the window is arranged on the window body, a fan 3 is arranged at an inlet in the air flow channel, a surface air cooler 4 and an inlet air humidity sensor 5 are arranged at a position, close to the inlet, of the air flow channel, a step dehumidification pipe network system is formed in the air flow channel, the step dehumidification pipe network system comprises a first dehumidification module 6 and a second dehumidification module 7 which are arranged in series, the dehumidification effect of the first dehumidification module 6 is smaller than that of the second dehumidification module 7, a first bypass pipeline is arranged beside the first dehumidification module 6 in parallel, a second bypass pipeline is arranged beside the second dehumidification module 7 in parallel, a first three-way electromagnetic valve 8 is further arranged at the inlet end of the first dehumidification module 8, and three interfaces of the first three-way electromagnetic valve 8 are respectively connected with the inlet end pipeline of the step dehumidification pipe network system, the first bypass pipeline and the first inlet end of the first dehumidification module 6; the outlet end of the first dehumidification module 6 is also provided with a second three-way electromagnetic valve 9, and three interfaces of the second three-way electromagnetic valve 9 are respectively connected with the first outlet of the first dehumidification module 6, the first inlet of the second dehumidification module 7 and the inlet of the second bypass pipeline; the air conditioner further comprises a controller 10, wherein the controller 10 is respectively connected with the air inlet humidity sensor, the first three-way electromagnetic valve, the second three-way electromagnetic valve and other components needing to be electrically controlled.
Therefore, the method can be realized by means of the stepped dehumidifying window, when the window is used, the air flow is cooled and condensed by the surface air cooler, then the humidity condition is detected by the humidity sensor, and the air flow can be controlled in a targeted manner to only pass through the first dehumidifying module or the second dehumidifying module or simultaneously pass through the two dehumidifying modules according to the humidity condition. The dehumidification effect of three gradients is realized. The dehumidification module can be a container containing a dehumidification solution (the dehumidification solution can be one or a mixture of a plurality of solutions of a lithium bromide solution, a calcium chloride solution and a lithium chloride solution), or a module with ventilation effect made of a solid water-absorbing material, such as silica gel, a molecular sieve, activated alumina or a composite solid dehumidification material.
Wherein, the outlet end of the first bypass pipeline is connected with the inlet end of the second dehumidification module 7, and the first bypass pipeline is also provided with a short-circuit pipeline with a switch valve and connected between the first dehumidification module 6 and the second three-way electromagnetic valve 9.
Like this, when not needing the dehumidification, can make the wind current bypass two dehumidification modules, realize direct air inlet, supply the room to realize ventilation. In addition, when the device is implemented, a switch valve can be arranged on the pipeline according to the requirement to strengthen the control on the trend of the wind flow.
Wherein, the inside of the window body 1 is also provided with an indoor humidity sensor 11.
Like this, can detect the indoor humidity condition, when indoor humidity was too high, the steerable dry air current after introducing the degree of depth dehumidification, when indoor humidity was moderate, steerable dehumidification effect of adjusting made it moderate.
Wherein, the indoor humidity sensor 11 is arranged at the lower end of the inner side of the window body. This is because the room is occupied by the activity of the persons in the lower room position, and the humid air sinks, so that the sensor is arranged in the lower end position for better detection.
Wherein, the surface still is provided with solar cell panel 12 outside the window body, and solar cell panel 12 links to each other with battery 14 through charge-discharge controller 13, and battery 14 links to each other with controller 10. When the system is used, the storage battery is connected with each electric component needing power supply, and the controller is connected with each electric component needing control.
In this way, solar energy can be absorbed by the solar panel to charge the storage battery and then power the controller and other electrical components. The dehumidification device can independently work without depending on external power during dehumidification, and applicability is improved.
Wherein, the upper end of solar cell panel 12 rotatable coupling is in window body outside upper end, and the window body still is provided with rotatable bracing piece, and the bracing piece is used for outwards strutting solar cell panel 12 (see the schematic of fig. 2).
Therefore, the solar cell panel can better receive sunlight, absorb solar energy and shade the indoor sun.
Wherein, the wind current channel export transversely sets up in the middle part of the window, and the exit is provided with tripe 15.
Therefore, the air outlet direction can be adjusted through the louvers.
The window body is further provided with a regeneration system, the regeneration system comprises a regeneration pipeline (shown by dotted lines in a regeneration pipeline diagram), an inlet end main pipeline of the regeneration pipeline is connected to an air flow channel before entering the surface air cooler 4, a heat collector 16 is arranged in the inlet end main pipeline of the regeneration pipeline, the regeneration system further comprises a first regeneration branch pipe and a second regeneration branch pipe which are arranged in parallel, inlet ends of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with the inlet end main pipeline of the regeneration pipeline through a third three-way valve 17, outlet ends 19 of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with an outlet end main pipeline of the regeneration pipeline through a fourth three-way valve 18, the outlet end 19 of the regeneration pipeline is communicated with the outer side of the window, the first dehumidification module 6 is connected into the first regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the first dehumidification module, the second dehumidification module 7 is connected into the second regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the second dehumidification module, and the regeneration system further comprises a dehumidification module humidity detection sensor arranged at outlet ends of the first dehumidification module and the second dehumidification module. When the dehumidification module is available as a container of dehumidification solution, the dehumidification module humidity detection sensor may equally be replaced by a concentration sensor provided in the dehumidification container.
Like this, when dehumidification module humidity transducer detects the dehumidification module and can't reach the dehumidification effect when the moisture content saturation, control regeneration system work, partial wind current gets into regeneration pipeline, and it is hot-blast to heat formation in the heat collector, then control hot-blast dehumidification module that enters into needs regeneration, carries out dry regeneration to the dehumidification module, then flows out outdoor emission with the high humidity wind after the drying. When the dehumidification module carries out regeneration, the module can be controlled to stop dehumidification. And after drying and regeneration are finished, putting the materials into dehumidification again for use. Therefore, the dehumidification module can be repeatedly recycled, and the long-term dehumidification effect is ensured.
Wherein, be provided with semiconductor refrigeration piece 20 on the window body, the heat collector is connected for its heat supply to the hot junction of semiconductor refrigeration piece 20, and cold collecting device 21 is connected to the cold junction of semiconductor refrigeration piece, and cold collecting device 21 connects mutually through cooling water circulation pipeline and surface cooler 4 and supplies cold for its heat transfer.
Therefore, the semiconductor refrigerating sheet is skillfully adopted to realize heat supply and cold supply for the heat collector and the surface cooler simultaneously, the structure is simple, the implementation is convenient, the energy waste is avoided, and the energy utilization efficiency is improved.
The cascade dehumidification pipe network system is further provided with a third bypass pipeline, the position, close to the outlet of the second dehumidification module, of the air flow channel is further provided with a fifth three-way valve 22, the starting end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the fifth three-way valve, the outlet end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the third inlet of the first dehumidification module, and the third bypass pipeline is provided with a one-way valve 23.
The setting of third bypass pipeline like this for arbitrary dehumidification module is after dry regeneration finishes, when needing to participate in the dehumidification again, can directly communicate dehumidification module rear at work and dehumidify, need not to control the wind current and change the order again, can accomplish the conversion control to high efficiency dehumidification mode fast like this, avoids the wind-force loss that the wind direction change produced, improves switching efficiency, satisfies user experience better.
The two sets of the stepped dehumidification pipe network systems share one surface air cooler and the surface air cooler is positioned in the window frame above the glass, and the two sets of the regeneration systems share one heat collector and the heat collector is positioned in the window frame above the glass; the power of four dehumidification modules in the two sets of cascade dehumidification pipe network systems are different.
Like this, increased a set of dehumidification effect different step dehumidification pipe network system, greatly improved the dehumidification gradient of window, four dehumidification modules make up respectively, can realize the dehumidification gradient control of ten kinds of equidimensions not. Meanwhile, the structure arrangement is reasonable and reliable, and the mutual interference can be avoided.

Claims (7)

1. A method for realizing indoor dehumidification through a window is characterized in that at least two dehumidification modules are arranged in the window, the humidity value of fresh air is detected after the fresh air enters the window, and the fresh air is controlled to be dehumidified only through one dehumidification module or through more than one dehumidification module according to the humidity condition of the fresh air;
the method is realized by mounting a step dehumidification window on a room wall, the step dehumidification window comprises a window body, an air flow channel communicated with the outer side and the inner side of the window is arranged on the window body, a fan is mounted in the air flow channel, a surface cooler and an inlet air humidity sensor are arranged at the position, close to an inlet end, of the air flow channel, a step dehumidification pipe network system is formed in the air flow channel and comprises a first dehumidification module and a second dehumidification module which are connected in series, the dehumidification effect of the first dehumidification module is smaller than that of the second dehumidification module, a first bypass pipeline is arranged beside the first dehumidification module in parallel, a second bypass pipeline is arranged beside the second dehumidification module in parallel, a first three-way electromagnetic valve is further arranged at the inlet end of the first dehumidification module, and three interfaces of the first three-way electromagnetic valve are respectively connected with a bypass pipeline at the inlet end of the step dehumidification pipe network system, the inlet end of the first bypass pipeline and a first inlet of the first dehumidification module; the outlet end of the first dehumidification module is also provided with a second three-way electromagnetic valve, and three interfaces of the second three-way electromagnetic valve are respectively connected with the first outlet of the first dehumidification module, the first inlet of the second dehumidification module and the inlet of the second bypass pipeline; the controller is respectively connected with the air inlet humidity sensor, the first three-way electromagnetic valve and the second three-way electromagnetic valve;
the window body is also provided with a regeneration system, the regeneration system comprises a regeneration pipeline, a main pipeline at the inlet end of the regeneration pipeline is connected to an air flow channel before entering the surface cooler, a heat collector is arranged in the main pipeline at the inlet end of the regeneration pipeline, the regeneration system also comprises a first regeneration branch pipe and a second regeneration branch pipe which are arranged in parallel, the inlet ends of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with the main pipeline at the inlet end of the regeneration pipeline through a third three-way valve, the outlet ends of the first regeneration branch pipe and the second regeneration branch pipe are connected with the main pipeline at the outlet end of the regeneration pipeline through a fourth three-way valve, the main pipeline at the outlet end of the regeneration pipeline is communicated with the outer side of the window, the first dehumidification module is connected into the first regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the first dehumidification module, the second dehumidification module is connected into the second regeneration branch pipe through a second inlet and a second outlet on the second dehumidification module, and the regeneration system also comprises a dehumidification module humidity detection sensor arranged at the outlet ends of the first dehumidification module and the second dehumidification module;
the window body is provided with a semiconductor refrigerating sheet, the hot end of the semiconductor refrigerating sheet is connected with a heat collector to supply heat for the semiconductor refrigerating sheet, the cold end of the semiconductor refrigerating sheet is connected with a cold collector, and the cold collector is connected with a surface cooler through a cooling water circulating pipeline to exchange heat and supply cold for the surface cooler;
the cascade dehumidification pipe network system is also provided with a third bypass pipeline, the position of the air flow channel, which is close to the outlet of the second dehumidification module, is also provided with a fifth three-way valve, the starting end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the fifth three-way valve, the outlet end of the third bypass pipeline is connected with the third inlet of the first dehumidification module, and the third bypass pipeline is provided with a one-way valve.
2. An indoor dehumidification method implemented by a window as claimed in claim 1, wherein at least one low power dehumidification module and one high power dehumidification module are installed in the window, when dehumidification is performed, the humidity of the fresh air is detected and then compared with a preset threshold range, when the humidity of the fresh air is smaller than the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to pass through the low power dehumidification module only, when the humidity of the fresh air falls into the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to pass through the high power dehumidification module only, and when the humidity of the fresh air is larger than the preset threshold range, the air flow is controlled to pass through the low power dehumidification module and the high power dehumidification module in sequence.
3. An indoor dehumidifying method through a window as claimed in claim 1 wherein an outlet end of the first bypass duct is connected to an inlet end of the second dehumidifying module, and a short circuit duct having a switching valve is further provided on the first bypass duct and connected between the first dehumidifying module and the second three-way solenoid valve.
4. The indoor dehumidifying method through a window as claimed in claim 3, wherein an indoor humidity sensor is further provided inside the window body; indoor humidity transducer sets up in window body medial surface lower extreme position.
5. The indoor dehumidifying method through a window as claimed in claim 1, wherein a solar cell panel is further provided on an outer surface of the window body, the solar cell panel is connected to a storage battery through a charge and discharge controller, and the storage battery is connected to the controller;
solar cell panel upper end rotatable coupling is in window body outside upper end, and the window body still is provided with rotatable bracing piece, and the bracing piece is used for outwards strutting solar cell panel.
6. The indoor dehumidifying method using a window as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outlet of the air flow passage is provided transversely to the center of the window, and the outlet is provided with a louver.
7. The indoor dehumidification method implemented through the window according to claim 1, wherein a set of step dehumidification pipe network system and a corresponding regeneration system are respectively arranged in window frames positioned at two sides of the glass on the window body, the two sets of step dehumidification pipe network systems share one surface cooler and the surface cooler is positioned in the window frame above the glass, the two sets of regeneration systems share one heat collector and the heat collector is positioned in the window frame above the glass; the power of four dehumidification modules in the two sets of cascade dehumidification pipe network systems are different.
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