CN207702633U - A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building - Google Patents

A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207702633U
CN207702633U CN201721701862.2U CN201721701862U CN207702633U CN 207702633 U CN207702633 U CN 207702633U CN 201721701862 U CN201721701862 U CN 201721701862U CN 207702633 U CN207702633 U CN 207702633U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
ventilation
conditioning
indoor
dormitory building
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721701862.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张志博
刘康康
王婕婕
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Priority to CN201721701862.2U priority Critical patent/CN207702633U/en
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Publication of CN207702633U publication Critical patent/CN207702633U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning devices suitable for dormitory building,By the way that two independent ventilation shafts and exhaust outlet is arranged,Wet web exhaust apparatus is set in ventilation shaft,Porous plug,Pipeline ventilation machine,Air-supply airtight valve and strainer air inlet,Outdoor air is delivered to interior using pipeline ventilation machine,Make indoor generation positive pressure,Indoor hot-air is excluded outdoor by exhaust outlet,The silk screen that cloth full water is blown over by the air-flow that ventilation shaft is got in will produce a certain amount of water mist,Evaporation can reduce indoor temperature to the water mist got in a certain extent rapidly,Be sent into indoor fresh air largely more lower than outdoor temperature rapidly with room air heat exchange,And outdoor is discharged by exhaust outlet in the air of higher temperatures,A comfortable indoor environment can be obtained,To achieve the purpose that room temperature lowering,The present apparatus carries out indoor and outdoor air exchange by force ventilation principle,It is simple in structure,It is aeration-cooling to be suitable for the dormitory building that more people live.

Description

A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the field of force ventilation air conditioning, and it is empty to be related to a kind of force ventilation suitable for dormitory building Adjust device.
Background technology
Hot summer, outdoor temperature may be up to nearly 40 degree, and by roasting solarization in one day, interior of building temperature can also become It is very high.Particularly with dormitory building, usage time is concentrated at night, daytime due to wall heat conduction, air penetration heat exchange and Solar radiation acts on, and a large amount of outdoor heat is got in.Interior is mostly the stronger objects of heat storage capacities such as metal tables and chairs, bed cabinet Body, daytime can store a large amount of heat.Night outdoor ground meeting heavenwards radiations heat energy causes outside air temperature that can drop to substantially 30 degree hereinafter, but indoor due to the heat release of accumulation of heat object and the insulation effect temperature of wall after night outdoor temperature reduces Degree can't reduce, so evening indoor temperature is apparently higher than outdoor.
Currently, people are electric fan, air-conditioning, air cooler using the method for more increase indoor comfort degree.Air-conditioning is adjusted The advantage with obvious effects of indoor temperature protrudes, but it is expensive, big using power consumption, use cost is high, so being not achieved Energy-saving and environment-friendly purpose, and fresh air is not provided for home unit formula air-conditioning, indoor air quality is poor, so for dormitory Building is still much using electric fan at present.Electric fan accelerates human-body radiating to come to people by making room air forced convertion Body brings cooling feeling, and electric fan is cheap, and wasted work amount is much smaller compared to air-conditioning, and easy to use, but due to the summer Season, indoor temperature close even higher than human surface temperature, this mode were unable to the comfort requirement of Manchu's body, and electric fan is simultaneously Indoor temperature cannot be reduced, instead since the operating of motor can increase indoor heat gain.And in recent years popular air-conditioning Fan, essence is only slightly modified on electric fan, and also there is no the functions of refrigeration, and the continuous low temperature that is added is needed when use Water can not effectively adjust the temperature in entire room, be also not suitable for the use of dormitory building.
Ventilation is a kind of to maintain the important hand of good indoor air quality and thermal and humidity environment by introducing outdoor air Section, but since outdoor climate conditions constantly change over time, simple cannot meet indoor environment at any time by ventilation Demand, so force ventilation technology is chiefly used in industrial building or integrates with air-conditioning system to use at present.
Utility model content
It is existing to overcome the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building The deficiency of technology.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building, including be respectively communicated with indoor and outdoors ventilation shaft and Exhaust outlet, ventilation shaft and exhaust outlet are set to wall different location, are equipped with successively by indoor end to outdoor end in ventilation shaft Wet web exhaust apparatus, porous plug, pipeline ventilation machine, air-supply airtight valve and strainer air inlet, wet web exhaust apparatus include passing through company The wet web pipe that acting flange is connect with ventilation shaft;Silk screen is equipped in wet web pipe, wet web pipe upper end is equipped with plus sink, wet web pipe lower end Equipped with water receiving tank, add the water in sink that can be flowed down along silk screen.
Further, strainer air inlet is double deflection grille, and air port carries low efficient filter;Ventilation shaft is located at air draft Mouth lower end.
Further, sink is added to be fixed by the bracket on wet web pipe.
Further, the water outlet of sink is added to be bonded with silk screen.
Further, silk screen is woven wire.
Further, porous plug is restriction expansion device.
Further, exhaust outlet is axial fan.
Further, exhaust outlet both ends are equipped with air grille.
Further, air draft airtight valve is equipped in exhaust outlet.
Further, pipeline ventilation machine and air-supply airtight valve are placed in outside ventilation shaft room in section.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has technique effect beneficial below:
A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building of the utility model, by the way that two independent ventilation ducts are arranged Road and exhaust outlet, be arranged in ventilation shaft wet web exhaust apparatus, porous plug, pipeline ventilation machine, air-supply airtight valve and strainer into Outdoor air is delivered to interior by air port using pipeline ventilation machine, and indoor generation positive pressure, indoor hot-air is made to be arranged by exhaust outlet Except outdoor, the silk screen that cloth full water is blown over by the air-flow that ventilation shaft is got in will produce a certain amount of water mist, get in Water mist evaporation can reduce indoor temperature to a certain extent rapidly, be sent into indoor largely more lower than outdoor temperature new Wind rapidly with room air heat exchange, and the air of higher temperatures is discharged by exhaust outlet it is outdoor, can obtain one it is comfortable Indoor environment, to achieve the purpose that room temperature lowering, the feature that the present apparatus makes full use of summer evenings indoor/outdoor temperature-difference big is led to It crosses force ventilation principle and carries out indoor and outdoor air exchange, and is further using the principle of joule-Thomson effect and evaporation endothermic The temperature for reducing air-supply eliminates the investment of conventional refrigeration equipment, reduces operation power consumption, and the present apparatus is simple in structure, and it is convenient to be applicable in, It is aeration-cooling to be suitable for the dormitory building that more people live.
Further, ventilation shaft is located at exhaust outlet lower end, utilizes the principle of air hot-fluid, indoors upper end wall setting Exhaust outlet makes indoor air be easy to exclude.
Further, exhaust outlet both ends are equipped with air grille, wind and rain can be effectively prevent to enter.
Description of the drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 vertical views.
Wherein, 1, strainer air inlet;2, ventilation shaft;3, air-supply airtight valve;4, pipeline ventilation machine;5, porous plug;6, even Acting flange;8, exhaust outlet;9, add sink;10, silk screen;11, water receiving tank;12, holder.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building, including connection indoor and outdoors Ventilation shaft 2 and exhaust outlet 8, ventilation shaft 2 and exhaust outlet 8 are set to wall different location, and ventilation shaft 2 is located at exhaust outlet 8 Lower end, ventilation shaft 2 is interior to be equipped with wet web exhaust apparatus, porous plug 5, pipeline ventilation machine 4, air-supply by indoor end to outdoor end successively Airtight valve 3 and strainer air inlet 1, strainer air inlet 1 can effectively prevent dust in air impurity from getting in;
Strainer air inlet 1 is double deflection grille, and air port carries low efficient filter;
Wet web exhaust apparatus includes the wet web pipe being connect with ventilation shaft 2 by connecting flange 6;Silk screen is equipped in wet web pipe 10, wet web pipe upper end is equipped with plus sink 9, and wet web pipe lower end is equipped with water receiving tank 11, and sink 9 is added to be fixed on wet web pipe by holder 12 On;Add the water outlet of sink 9 to be bonded with silk screen 10, enables that the water in sink 9 is added to flow down along silk screen;Add 9 bottom of sink with 10 contact position of silk screen is provided with a fine crack, makes that the water in sink 9 is added uniformly slowly to flow down along silk screen 10, unemployed water meeting It is flowed into water receiving tank 11 along silk screen;
According to indoor size and wind turbine cause not of uniform size, pipeline ventilation machine 4 is set in exhaust outlet 8, utilizes pipe ventilated 4 air draft of machine makes indoor generation negative pressure, outdoor positive pressure be got in out of ventilation shaft 2, while realizing indoor quickly ventilation, It prevents the wind-force in ventilation shaft 2 excessive, the water on silk screen 10 is made to be dropped on floor;
Pipeline ventilation machine 4 and air-supply airtight valve 3 are placed in outside ventilation shaft Room 2 in section, can reduce room noise;
Air draft airtight valve is equipped in exhaust outlet 8, air draft airtight valve and air-supply airtight valve are worked at the same time with pipeline ventilation machine, managed When the work of road ventilation blower, air draft airtight valve and air-supply airtight valve are opened, and when pipeline ventilation machine is stopped, air draft airtight valve and are sent Wind airtight valve is closed;
Silk screen 10 is woven wire;
Porous plug 5 is throttling expansion component, is used in joule-Thomson effect experiment;
Exhaust outlet 8 is axial fan, and power is provided for indoor exhaust wind;
8 both ends of exhaust outlet are equipped with air grille;Exhaust outlet indoor end installs single layer blinds, and outdoor end installs the double-deck blinds, Air grille can play rain-proof into wind action,
Electric closed valve, air draft electric closed valve and the pipeline ventilation machine of blowing share a circuit, electric closed valve of blowing With pipeline ventilation machine by a switch synchronous control, air draft electric closed valve individually controls.
It is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the structural principle of the utility model and using step:
In non-usage time, air draft airtight valve and air-supply airtight valve are in closed state;In use, to adding sink 9 to add Full water, air draft airtight valve and air-supply airtight valve automatically open opening conduits ventilation blower 4 simultaneously, and outdoor cold air is by pipeline ventilation machine In 4 suction chambers, indoor generation positive pressure, room air can exclude outdoor by exhaust outlet 8, and outdoor air is carried out by porous plug 5 Throttling expansion, according to joule-Thomson effect, the air themperature after throttling expansion can further decrease, the sky after throttling expansion The silk screen 10 that gas is covered with moisture film by air outlet is got in, and the moisture aggravation evaporation on silk screen 10, moisture evaporation can be taken away and send The heat of wind reduces the temperature of air-supply, and the silk screen 10 that another aspect air-flow blows over cloth full water will produce a certain amount of water mist, enters Evaporation can reduce indoor temperature to indoor water mist to a certain extent rapidly, be sent into indoor largely lower than outdoor temperature Fresh air rapidly with room air heat exchange, and outdoor is discharged by exhaust outlet 8 in the air of higher temperatures, one can be obtained Comfortable indoor environment, the feature that the present apparatus makes full use of summer evenings indoor/outdoor temperature-difference big are carried out by force ventilation principle Indoor and outdoor air exchanges, and the temperature of air-supply is further decreased using the principle of joule-Thomson effect and evaporation endothermic, saves The investment of conventional refrigeration equipment has been gone, operation power consumption has been reduced, effectively improves indoor air quality and thermal comfort.The utility model By the way that two ventilation shafts are arranged, using the principle of air hot-fluid, the exhaust outlet of upper end wall setting indoors keeps indoor heat empty Gas is easy to exclude, and so that indoor generation positive pressure, indoor hot-air is excluded by exhaust outlet outdoor using pipeline ventilation machine.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building, which is characterized in that including being respectively communicated with indoor and outdoors Ventilation shaft (2) and exhaust outlet (8), ventilation shaft (2) and exhaust outlet (8) are set to wall different location, and ventilation shaft (2) is interior By indoor end to outdoor end successively be equipped with wet web exhaust apparatus, porous plug (5), pipeline ventilation machine (4), air-supply airtight valve (3) and Strainer air inlet (1), wet web exhaust apparatus include the wet web pipe being connect with ventilation shaft (2) by connecting flange (6);Wet web pipe Interior to be equipped with silk screen (10), wet web pipe upper end is equipped with plus sink (9), and wet web pipe lower end is equipped with water receiving tank (11), adds in sink (9) Water can be flowed down along silk screen (10).
2. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that strainer into Air port (1) is double deflection grille, and air port carries low efficient filter;Ventilation shaft (2) is located at exhaust outlet (8) lower end.
3. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that add sink (9) it is fixed on wet web pipe by holder (12).
4. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that add sink (9) water outlet is bonded with silk screen (10).
5. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that silk screen (10) it is woven wire.
6. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that porous plug (5) it is restriction expansion device.
7. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that exhaust outlet (8) it is axial fan.
8. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that exhaust outlet (8) both ends are equipped with air grille.
9. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that exhaust outlet (8) air draft airtight valve is equipped in.
10. a kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building according to claim 1, which is characterized in that pipeline Ventilation blower (4) and air-supply airtight valve (3) are placed in the outdoor section of ventilation shaft (2).
CN201721701862.2U 2017-12-08 2017-12-08 A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building Expired - Fee Related CN207702633U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721701862.2U CN207702633U (en) 2017-12-08 2017-12-08 A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721701862.2U CN207702633U (en) 2017-12-08 2017-12-08 A kind of force ventilation air-conditioning device suitable for dormitory building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207702633U true CN207702633U (en) 2018-08-07

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109654645A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-19 夏雨悦 One kind being used for energy saving and environment friendly ventilation equipment
CN111536673A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-14 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Control method of air conditioner, air conditioner and readable storage medium
RU199366U1 (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-08-28 Сергей Александрович Гордин Joule-Thompson effect air conditioner indoor unit
CN112066507A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-11 重庆工程职业技术学院 Ventilation system of intelligence building

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109654645A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-04-19 夏雨悦 One kind being used for energy saving and environment friendly ventilation equipment
RU199366U1 (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-08-28 Сергей Александрович Гордин Joule-Thompson effect air conditioner indoor unit
CN111536673A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-08-14 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Control method of air conditioner, air conditioner and readable storage medium
CN111536673B (en) * 2020-05-13 2021-07-27 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Control method of air conditioner, air conditioner and readable storage medium
CN112066507A (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-11 重庆工程职业技术学院 Ventilation system of intelligence building

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180807

Termination date: 20181208

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee