CN105841272B - A kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy - Google Patents

A kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105841272B
CN105841272B CN201610214397.3A CN201610214397A CN105841272B CN 105841272 B CN105841272 B CN 105841272B CN 201610214397 A CN201610214397 A CN 201610214397A CN 105841272 B CN105841272 B CN 105841272B
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China
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water
solution
heat
heat exchanger
pump
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CN201610214397.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105841272A (en
Inventor
杨肖虎
张联英
李杨
孟祥兆
金立文
康维斌
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西安交通大学
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F5/005Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using energy from the ground by air circulation, e.g. "Canadian well"
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/1411Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by absorbing or adsorbing water, e.g. using an hygroscopic desiccant
    • F24F3/1429Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification by absorbing or adsorbing water, e.g. using an hygroscopic desiccant alternatively operating a heat exchanger in an absorbing/adsorbing mode and a heat exchanger in a regeneration mode
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0007Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater cooling apparatus specially adapted for use in air-conditioning
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F2003/1458Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification using regenerators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/27Relating to heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC] technologies
    • Y02A30/272Solar heating or cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/56Heat recovery units

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner systems of Driven by Solar Energy, including solar energy heat collecting module, absorption refrigeration module, solution dehumidification module and domestic water module;Solar energy heat collecting module includes vacuum tube solar heating element, heat storage water tank, first circulation water pump, auxiliary thermal source and second circulation water pump;Absorption refrigeration module includes generator, condenser, expansion valve, evaporator, absorber, the first solution heat exchanger, the first solution pump, water segregator, water collector, third water circulating pump, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal, the 4th water circulating pump and cooling tower;Solution dehumidification module includes regenerator, exhaust blower, the first water-solution heat exchanger, the second solution pump, the second solution heat exchanger, dehumidifier, pressure fan, the second water-solution heat exchanger, third solution pump, total-heat exchanger and mixing bellows.Many places use the energy saving form such as temperature gradient utilization, recuperation of heat to the air-conditioning system in principle, improve efficiency of energy utilization.

Description

A kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy

Technical field:

The invention belongs to field of air conditioning, are related to a kind of solar air-conditioner system more particularly to a kind of temperature of Driven by Solar Energy Humidity independent control air-conditioning system.

Background technique:

Prediction industrial research institute " 2013-2017 China's intelligent building industry market prospect and investment strategy planning application Report " data shows, the building energy consumption in China in energy wastage in bulk or weight shared by ratio had increased to 27.45%.HVAC Air conditioning energy consumption accounts for 60% or more of building total energy consumption again, and building energy conservation emission reduction has become the energy problem of urgent need to resolve.2006 Year, country promulgated " People's Republic of China's Renewable Energy Law ", advocates utilize renewable energy energetically, increased energy resource supply, Realize the sustainable development of economic society.Common renewable energy includes solar energy, water energy, wind energy, tide energy etc..In view of wind The regional disparity and unstability of the renewable energy such as energy, water energy, are difficult to efficiently use and promote in building energy conservation, and the sun Can be widely distributed, it is resourceful, it is inexhaustible.According to calculating, the solar energy total amount that ground is reached in 1 year is converted into Standard coal still about 1.892 × 1017T is 10,000 times of current world's main energy sources proved reserves, relies on these advantages, solar energy Development and utilization have extremely wide prospect.In the epoch of energy shortage now, national governments all utilize solar energy resources Important content as National Sustainable Development Strategies.

Traditional air-conditioning system, allows air by the cold surface lower than its dew-point temperature, i.e. dehumidification by condensation mode (uses 7 DEG C chilled water) realize cooling and dehumidification treatments to air, while remove building sensible heat load and latent heat load it is (wet negative Lotus).Cooling requires dry-bulb temperature of the sink temperature lower than air, and dehumidification requirements sink temperature is lower than the dew-point temperature of air, accounts for More than half sensible heat load of total load originally can be drained using high temperature cold source, but share 7 DEG C of low temperature cold source together with dehumidifying It is handled, causes the waste in energy utilization grade.Air is cooled down and dehumidified by dehumidification by condensation mode, is inhaled The sensible heat of receipts can only change in a certain range with latent heat ratio, and Building Indoor Environment adjust required for heat moisture ratio compared with Variation in big range.Moreover, the moist surface that dehumidification by condensation mode generates becomes the good of the biological pollutants such as mould breeding Place seriously affects indoor air quality.

The humiture independence control air conditioner system that hundred million academician of Tsinghua University river proposes adjusts new rheumatism using the method for dehumidifying Load is reduced the sensible heat load of air using the method for refrigeration, the separately adjustable of temperature and humidity is realized, in energy saving of system and heat Theoretical breakthrough is realized in terms of pleasant climate.Humiture independence control air conditioner system, refrigeration use high temperature cold source, can be improved System energy efficiency reduces energy expenditure, and dehumidification process can strengthen the processing to air quality, reduces room air pollution.This is System can overcome traditional air-conditioning system, and energy consumption is high, comfort is poor, the disadvantage of regulation performance difference.

But the humiture independence control air conditioner system applied at present mostly uses: steam compression type refrigeration mode+condensation It dehumidifies (or solution dehumidification), however it remains the big disadvantage of energy consumption.The present invention breaks through conventional thought, by absorption refrigeration system System is merged with solution dehumidification system, forms humiture independence control air conditioner system, the two subsystems belong to absorption Therrmodynamic system, can use heat-driven, and the present invention uses the Driven by Solar Energy air-conditioning system.Meanwhile the air-conditioning system is in heat Use aspects use the energy saving form such as temperature gradient utilization, recuperation of heat as far as possible, improve efficiency of energy utilization.

The Chinese patent of application number 201520621166.5 discloses a kind of solar energy solution dehumidification independent temperature-humidity control Air-conditioning system, the air-conditioning system is only with Driven by Solar Energy solution dehumidification module, thus achieve the purpose that humidity handling, it is empty The part (sensible heat processing) of gas Temperature Treatment does not use Driven by Solar Energy, and form is simple with structure, can not formation temperature Cascade utilization, building energy conservation effect are not obvious enough.The present invention also adopts coupled system other than the reinforcing to solar energy utilizes With temperature gradient utilization, air-supply and return air form to user room are designed, and enhance recuperation of heat utilization.

Summary of the invention:

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner systems of Driven by Solar Energy, use temperature Gradient utilizes and the power save modes such as recuperation of heat, and building energy conservation effect is obvious, the thermal comfort height in user room, air quality Height, the shortcomings that traditional air-conditioning system can be overcome.

In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention is realized using following technical scheme:

A kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy, including solar energy heat collecting module, absorption refrigeration Module, solution dehumidification module and domestic water module;Wherein,

Solar energy heat collecting module include vacuum tube solar heating element, heat storage water tank, first circulation water pump, auxiliary thermal source and Second circulation water pump;

Absorption refrigeration module includes generator, condenser, expansion valve, evaporator, absorber, the first solution heat exchange Device, the first solution pump, water segregator, water collector, third water circulating pump, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal, the 4th water circulating pump and cold But tower;

Solution dehumidification module includes regenerator, exhaust blower, the first water-solution heat exchanger, the second solution pump, the second solution Heat exchanger, dehumidifier, pressure fan, the second water-solution heat exchanger, third solution pump, total-heat exchanger and mixing bellows;

Successively pipeline is connected to be formed and is recycled back between vacuum tube solar heating element, first circulation water pump and heat storage water tank Road, the medium of the circulation loop are water;Successively pipeline is connected to be formed and is followed between heat storage water tank, auxiliary thermal source and second circulation water pump Loop back path, the medium of the circulation loop are water, which first passes through generator, then passes through the first water-solution heat exchanger, Form gradient heat utilization;Wherein, there is one piece of partition among heat storage water tank, partition side is jagged;

Successively pipeline connect to form solution and be recycled back to for generator, the first solution heat exchanger, absorber and the first solution pump Road, the medium of the circulation loop are lithium-bromide solution;Successively pipeline connects for generator, condenser, expansion valve, evaporator and absorber It connects, the medium of pipeline is water or vapor;Evaporator, third water circulating pump, water segregator, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal and collection Successively pipeline connects to form circulation loop hydrophone, and the medium of circulation loop is water;Cooling tower connect to be formed with the 4th water circulating pump Circulation loop, the medium of circulation loop are water, the circulation loop pass sequentially through the second water-solution heat exchanger, absorber with it is cold Condenser forms gradient heat utilization;

It is regenerator, the second solution heat exchanger, third solution pump, the second water-solution heat exchanger, dehumidifier, second molten Successively pipeline connects to form solution circulation loop for liquid pump and the first water-solution heat exchanger, and the medium of circulation loop is bromination Lithium solution;Second solution heat exchanger exchanges heat to the cryogenic fluid and pyrosol of circulation loop, i.e. heat recovery;Dehumidifying Total-heat exchanger is set on front side of device, and outdoor fresh air carries out recuperation of heat to user room return air, pressure fan is arranged on rear side of dehumidifier, mentions For the driving force of air-supply;Setting mixing bellows on front side of regenerator, outdoor fresh air and user room return air enter regenerator after mixing, Exhaust blower is set on rear side of regenerator, the driving force of air draft is provided;

Domestic water module is connected to heat storage water tank top by pipeline.

A further improvement of the present invention lies in that domestic water module includes one or more domestic water equipment, life Water equipment is connected to heat storage water tank top by pipeline, can directly acquire hot water.

A further improvement of the present invention lies in that vacuum tube solar heating element absorbs in solar energy heat collecting module when work Solar radiation, the water inside heat collector are heated, and hot water flows into the upper of heat storage water tank under the action of first circulation water pump Portion, then flowed out from the top of heat storage water tank, auxiliary thermal source is first passed through, when the hot water temperature of heat storage water tank top outflow is lower than 90 degree When, auxiliary thermal source opens heating function, and hot water passes through generator again, after the lithium-bromide solution in heating generator, hot water temperature 75 degree or so are down to, then by the first water-solution heat exchanger, heats the lithium-bromide solution in the first water-solution heat exchanger Afterwards, hot water temperature is down to 65 degree, finally flows back into the lower part of heat storage water tank, and high-temperature-hot-water gradually plays heat effect, i.e. temperature Gradient utilize;The hot water of heat storage water tank lower part flows back into vacuum pipe solar collection under the action of first circulation water pump again It is heated in hot device;It is equipped with partition among heat storage water tank, hot water is avoided quickly to mix with the hot water of reflux, there are lack for partition side Mouthful, when auxiliary thermal source is run and vacuum tube solar heating element is not run, it still is able to form hot water circulation loop.

A further improvement of the present invention lies in that water is in the environment under low pressure of evaporator in absorption refrigeration module when work Evaporation, to absorb a large amount of heat, the lithium-bromide solution in absorber constantly absorbs the vapor in evaporator, becomes dilute molten Liquid, weak solution flow into generator under the action of the first solution pump, and generator is heated by solar energy heat collecting module, and weak solution is not Disconnected concentration becomes concentrated solution, and concentrated solution is cooled down by the first solution heat exchanger and weak solution heat exchange, i.e. recuperation of heat, then is flowed back into In absorber;The high-temperature vapor that concentrate solution generates in generator enters in condenser, and water is condensed into hyperbaric environment, High pressure condensed water passes through pressure reduction after expansion valve, finally flows back into and is evaporated to vapor in low pressure evaporator again;Cooling tower In cooling water under the action of four water circulating pumps, first by the second water-solution heat exchanger, it is cooling inside lithium bromide After dehumidification solution, temperature increases 3 degree, then by absorber, after absorbing the heat generated in absorber, temperature increases 3 degree again, most It is flowed back into cooling tower after the high temperature heat discharged afterwards by condenser, absorption condensation process, low-temperature cooling water gradually plays cold But it acts on, i.e., the gradient of temperature utilizes;Cold water in water collector is cold by evaporator first under the effect of third water circulating pump But, chilled water enters back into water segregator, is diverted to each capillary radiation air conditioning terminal by water segregator, control user room Temperature.

A further improvement of the present invention lies in that the higher outdoor fresh air of temperature passes through complete in solution dehumidification module when work Heat exchanger exchanges heat with the low temperature return air in user room, and outdoor fresh air temperature enters dehumidifier after reducing, in outdoor fresh air Vapor be brominated the absorption of lithium solution, under the action of pressure fan, the fresh air being dehumidified is admitted to user room, controls user The humidity in room;Lithium-bromide solution concentration after dehumidifying reduces, and under the action of the second solution pump, passes through the second solution heat first Exchanger heats up after carrying out heat exchange with the pyrosol flowed out from regenerator, then flows into quilt in the first water-solution heat exchanger After heat temperature raising, into regenerator;It is mixed in mixing bellows with outdoor fresh air with the drying return air after outdoor fresh air heat exchange Afterwards, the vapor of the lithium-bromide solution evaporation after being heated into absorption in regenerator, the air of high temperature and humidity is in exhaust blower Under effect, it is discharged to outdoor;It is molten to first pass through second under the action of third solution pump for the higher lithium-bromide solution of concentration in regenerator Cool down after liquid heat exchanger, enters back into the second water-solution heat exchanger and be cooled, the lithium bromide of last high concentration low temperature is molten Liquid, which is re-introduced into dehumidifier, dehumidifies to outdoor fresh air.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that

The humiture independence control air conditioner system of a kind of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention, using absorption refrigeration module The temperature for controlling user room, using the humidity in solution dehumidification module control user room, two module composition temperature and humidity are independent Control air-conditioning system.Humiture independence control air conditioner system for traditional air-conditioning system (dehumidification by condensation), temperature and Humidity is individually adjusted, energy grad and quantitative waste when not will cause the two coupling processing, can be in biggish heat The wet temperature and humidity than adjusting user room in range.Its refrigeration module uses high temperature cold source, and air conditioning terminal temperature is higher than user room Between dew-point temperature, because without dew condensation phenomenon occurs, room will not breed bacterium, clean hygiene.Its dehumidification module is using molten Liquid absorbs the mode of vapor in humid air, can satisfy indoor fresh air requirement, additionally it is possible to eliminate the pollutant in air, mention High indoor air quality.

Further, the present invention uses the Driven by Solar Energy humiture independence control air conditioner system.The height of solar energy heating Warm water, first by the higher generator of temperature requirement, then by the lower water-solution heat exchanger of temperature requirement, The gradient for having reached temperature utilizes.Meanwhile auxiliary thermal source is used in solar energy heat collecting module, it prevents hot water temperature to be not achieved and wants It asks, hot water can also be used in the use of domestic water equipment.Meanwhile cooling tower provided by the invention is followed with what the 4th water circulating pump was formed Loop back path, cooling water first pass through the lower water-solution heat exchanger of temperature, then the absorber higher by temperature, finally By the high condenser of temperature, successively equipment is cooled down, the gradient for having reached temperature utilizes.

Absorption refrigeration module provided by the invention uses capillary radiation air conditioning terminal, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal Energy transmission is mainly carried out by way of radiation between the surfaces such as human body and indoor furniture, the air conditioning terminal temperature change Range is small, so that the hot comfort of human body is high.Meanwhile capillary radiation air conditioning terminal heat exchange area is big, heat exchange efficiency is high, structure Simply, flexible for installation, long service life has good building energy conservation effect.

Solution dehumidification module provided by the invention is provided with total-heat exchanger, and the higher outdoor fresh air of temperature and temperature are lower User room return air total-heat exchanger carry out recuperation of heat, reduce the refrigeration duty in user room.Return air after recuperation of heat is still Right relatively dry has better wettability power compared to outdoor fresh air, is sent into regenerator after it is mixed with outdoor fresh air, It can be improved the regeneration efficiency of regenerator.It is handed in addition, being provided with solution heat in the solution circulation loop of regenerator and dehumidifier Parallel operation, the cooling capacity that the heat and dehumidification process for not only reducing regenerative process needs need, also improves solution dehumidification module Whole efficiency.

Detailed description of the invention:

Fig. 1 is that the structural formula of the humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention is intended to;

Fig. 2 is the knot of the humiture independence control air conditioner system solar energy heat collecting module of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is the knot of the humiture independence control air conditioner system absorption refrigeration module of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention Structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is the structure of the humiture independence control air conditioner system solution dehumidification module of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention Schematic diagram;

Fig. 5 is the structure of the humiture independence control air conditioner system domestic water module of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention Schematic diagram.

In figure: 1 is vacuum tube solar heating element, and 2 be heat storage water tank, and 3 be first circulation water pump, and 4 be auxiliary thermal source, 5 It is generator for second circulation water pump, 6,7 be condenser, and 8 be expansion valve, and 9 be evaporator, and 10 be absorber, and 11 is molten for first Liquid heat exchanger, 12 be the first solution pump, and 13 be water segregator, and 14 be water collector, and 15 be third water circulating pump, and 16 be capillary spoke Air conditioning terminal is penetrated, 17 be the 4th water circulating pump, and 18 be cooling tower, and 19 be regenerator, and 20 be exhaust blower, and 21 be the first water-solution Heat exchanger, 22 be the second solution pump, and 23 be the second solution heat exchanger, and 24 be dehumidifier, and 25 be pressure fan, and 26 be second Water-solution heat exchanger, 27 be third solution pump, and 28 be total-heat exchanger, and 29 be mixing bellows, and 30, which make a living, applies flexibly wetting system.

Specific embodiment:

The present invention is described in further details with reference to the accompanying drawing.

The total design of the present invention is: using the temperature in absorption refrigeration module control user room, using solution dehumidification mould Block controls the humidity in user room, and two modules form humiture independence control air conditioner system, and use the Driven by Solar Energy temperature Humidity independent control air-conditioning system, the solution circulation loop of air-conditioning system, water-flow circuit send air pipe line back to and consider temperature ladder Degree utilizes and recuperation of heat, and it is horizontal successively to improve building energy conservation.For the technology contents that the present invention will be described in detail and construction and Purpose is specifically introduced with reference to the accompanying drawing.

As shown in Figure 1, the humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention, including solar energy collection Thermal modules, absorption refrigeration module, solution dehumidification module and domestic water module;Wherein, solar energy heat collecting module includes vacuum Tube solar heat-collecting device 1, heat storage water tank 2, first circulation water pump 3, auxiliary thermal source 4 and second circulation water pump 5.Solar energy heating mould Block structure are as follows: successively pipeline connects to form circulation between vacuum tube solar heating element 1, first circulation water pump 3 and heat storage water tank 2 Circuit, the medium of circulation loop are water.Successively pipeline connects shape between heat storage water tank 2, auxiliary thermal source 4 and second circulation water pump 5 At circulation loop, the medium of circulation loop is water, which first passes through generator 6, then passes through the heat exchange of the first water-solution Device 21 forms gradient heat utilization.Wherein, there is a block baffle among heat storage water tank 2, baffle side is jagged.

Absorption refrigeration module includes generator 6, condenser 7, expansion valve 8, evaporator 9, absorber 10, the first solution heat Exchanger 11, the first solution pump 12, water segregator 13, water collector 14, third water circulating pump 15, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal 16, 4th water circulating pump 17 and cooling tower 18.Absorption refrigeration modular structure are as follows: generator 6, absorbs first solution heat exchanger 11 Successively pipeline connect to form solution circulation loop device 10 with the first solution pump 12, and the medium of circulation loop is lithium-bromide solution.Hair Raw device 6, condenser 7, expansion valve 8, successively pipeline is connect evaporator 9 with absorber 10, and the medium of pipeline is water or vapor. Successively pipeline connect shape for evaporator 9, third water circulating pump 15, water segregator 13, capillary radiation air conditioning terminal 16 and water collector 14 At circulation loop, the medium of circulation loop is water.Cooling tower 18 connect to form circulation loop with the 4th water circulating pump 17, is recycled back to The medium on road is water, which passes sequentially through the second water-solution heat exchanger 26, absorber 10 and condenser 7, forms ladder Spend heat utilization.

Solution dehumidification module include regenerator 19, exhaust blower 20, the first water-solution heat exchanger 21, the second solution pump 22, Second solution heat exchanger 23, dehumidifier 24, pressure fan 25, the second water-solution heat exchanger 26, third solution pump 27, full heat Exchanger 28 and mixing bellows 29.Solution dehumidification modular structure is regenerator 19, the second solution heat exchanger 23, third solution Pump 27, the second water-solution heat exchanger 26, dehumidifier 24, the second solution pump 22 and the first water-solution heat exchanger 21 are successively Pipeline connects to form solution circulation loop, and the medium of circulation loop is lithium-bromide solution.Second 23 pairs of solution heat exchanger circulation The cryogenic fluid and pyrosol in circuit exchange heat, i.e. heat recovery.Total-heat exchanger 28 is set on front side of dehumidifier 24, it is outdoor Fresh air carries out recuperation of heat to user room return air, and pressure fan 25 is arranged on rear side of dehumidifier 24, provides the driving force of air-supply.Regenerator 19 front side setting mixing bellows 29, outdoor fresh air and user room return air enter regenerator 19 after mixing, and set on rear side of regenerator 19 Exhaust blower 20 is set, the driving force of air draft is provided.

Domestic water module includes one or more domestic water equipment 30, and domestic water equipment 30 is connected by pipeline On 2 top of heat storage water tank, hot water can be directly acquired.

As shown in Figure 1, the humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy provided by the invention, workflow master It will be by solar energy heat collecting module, absorption refrigeration module, four sub- workflows of solution dehumidification module and domestic water equipment 30 Cheng Zucheng.

By Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 it is found that the workflow of solar energy heat collecting module are as follows: vacuum tube solar heating element 1 absorbs the sun It can radiate, the water inside heat collector is heated, and hot water flows into the top of heat storage water tank 2 under the action of first circulation water pump 3, It is flowed out again from the top of heat storage water tank 2, first passes through auxiliary thermal source 4, when the hot water temperature of 2 top of heat storage water tank outflow is lower than 90 degree When, auxiliary thermal source 4 opens heating function, and hot water passes through generator 6 again, after the lithium-bromide solution in heating generator 6, hot water temperature Degree is down to 75 degree or so, then by the first water-solution heat exchanger 21, heats the bromination in the first water-solution heat exchanger 21 After lithium solution, hot water temperature is down to 65 degree or so, finally flows back into the lower part of heat storage water tank 2, and high-temperature-hot-water gradually plays heating Effect, the i.e. gradient of temperature utilize.The hot water of 2 lower part of heat storage water tank flows back into true again under the action of first circulation water pump 3 It is heated in blank pipe solar thermal collector 1.It is equipped with partition among heat storage water tank 2, hot water is avoided quickly to mix with the hot water of reflux, The leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan of partition side still is able to form hot water when auxiliary thermal source 4 is run and vacuum tube solar heating element 1 is not run Circulation loop.

By Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 it is found that the workflow of absorption refrigeration module are as follows: water steams in the environment under low pressure of evaporator 9 Hair, to absorb a large amount of heat, the lithium-bromide solution in absorber 10 constantly absorbs the vapor in evaporator 9, becomes dilute Solution, weak solution flow into generator 6 under the action of the first solution pump 12, and generator 6 is heated by solar energy heat collecting module, dilute Solution, which is constantly concentrated, becomes concentrated solution, and concentrated solution is cooled down by the first solution heat exchanger 11 and weak solution heat exchange, i.e. recuperation of heat, It is flowed back into absorber 10 again.The high-temperature vapor that concentrate solution generates in generator 6 enters in condenser 7, in hyperbaric environment In be condensed into water, high pressure condensed water passes through pressure reduction after expansion valve 8, finally flows back into low pressure evaporator 9 and evaporates again For vapor.Cooling water in cooling tower 18 passes through the heat exchange of the second water-solution under the action of the 4th water circulating pump 17 first Device 26, after cooling internal lithium bromide dehumidification solution, temperature increases 3 degree or so, then passes through absorber 10, in absorption absorber 10 After the heat of generation, temperature increases 3 degree or so again, finally by condenser 7, returns after the high temperature heat of absorption condensation process release It flows in cooling tower 18, low-temperature cooling water gradually plays cooling effect, i.e. the gradient of temperature utilizes.Cold water in water collector 14 exists Under third water circulating pump 15 acts on, cooled by evaporator 9 first, chilled water is entered back into water segregator 13, passes through water segregator 13 are diverted to each capillary radiation air conditioning terminal 16, control the temperature (sensible heat load) in user room.Compared to conventional compression Formula air-conditioning system, the system only need the higher cold water of temperature, can provide the efficiency of refrigeration system.

By Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 it is found that the workflow of solution dehumidification module are as follows: the higher outdoor fresh air of temperature is handed over by full heat Parallel operation 28 exchanges heat with the low temperature return air in user room, and outdoor fresh air temperature enters dehumidifier 24 after reducing, in outdoor fresh air Vapor be brominated the absorption of lithium solution, under the action of pressure fan 25, the fresh air being dehumidified is admitted to user room, and control is used The humidity (latent heat load) in family room.Lithium-bromide solution concentration after dehumidifying reduces, under the action of the second solution pump 22, first It by the second solution heat exchanger 23, heats up with after the pyrosol progress heat exchange that regenerator 19 flows out, then flows into first After being heated up in water-solution heat exchanger 21, into regenerator 19.With the drying return air after outdoor fresh air heat exchange mixed It closes after being mixed in bellows 29 with outdoor fresh air, is steamed into the water for absorbing the lithium-bromide solution evaporation after being heated in regenerator 19 Gas, the air of high temperature and humidity are discharged to outdoor under the action of exhaust blower 20.The higher lithium-bromide solution of concentration exists in regenerator 19 Under the action of third solution pump 27, cool down after first passing through the second solution heat exchanger 23, enters back into the second water-solution heat exchange It is cooled in device 26, the lithium-bromide solution of last high concentration low temperature, which is re-introduced into dehumidifier 24, dehumidifies to outdoor fresh air.

By Fig. 1 and Fig. 5 it is found that the workflow of domestic water equipment 30 are as follows: domestic water equipment 30 is connected by pipeline On the top of heat storage water tank 2, when needing using hot water, domestic water equipment 30 is opened, and domestic water equipment 30 can be One equipment, can also be with multiple equipment.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy, which is characterized in that including solar energy heat collecting module, inhale Receipts formula refrigeration module, solution dehumidification module and domestic water module;Wherein,
Solar energy heat collecting module includes vacuum tube solar heating element (1), heat storage water tank (2), first circulation water pump (3), auxiliary Heat source (4) and second circulation water pump (5);
Absorption refrigeration module includes generator (6), condenser (7), expansion valve (8), evaporator (9), absorber (10), first Solution heat exchanger (11), the first solution pump (12), water segregator (13), water collector (14), third water circulating pump (15), capillary Radiation air-conditioner end (16), the 4th water circulating pump (17) and cooling tower (18);
Solution dehumidification module includes regenerator (19), exhaust blower (20), the first water-solution heat exchanger (21), the second solution pump (22), the second solution heat exchanger (23), dehumidifier (24), pressure fan (25), the second water-solution heat exchanger (26), third Solution pump (27), total-heat exchanger (28) and mixing bellows (29);
Successively pipeline connect to be formed and follows between vacuum tube solar heating element (1), first circulation water pump (3) and heat storage water tank (2) Loop back path, the medium of the circulation loop are water;Between heat storage water tank (2), auxiliary thermal source (4) and second circulation water pump (5) successively Pipeline connects to form circulation loop, and the medium of the circulation loop is water, which first passes through generator (6), then passes through the One water-solution heat exchanger (21) forms gradient heat utilization;Wherein, there are one piece of partition, partition side among heat storage water tank (2) It is jagged;
Successively pipeline connect to be formed for generator (6), the first solution heat exchanger (11), absorber (10) and the first solution pump (12) Solution circulation loop, the medium of the circulation loop are lithium-bromide solution;Generator (6), condenser (7), expansion valve (8), evaporation Successively pipeline is connect device (9) with absorber (10), and the medium of pipeline is water or vapor;Evaporator (9), third water circulating pump (15), successively pipeline connect to form circulation loop for water segregator (13), capillary radiation air conditioning terminal (16) and water collector (14), follows The medium of loop back path is water;Cooling tower (18) connect to form circulation loop with the 4th water circulating pump (17), the medium of circulation loop For water, which passes sequentially through the second water-solution heat exchanger (26), absorber (10) and condenser (7), forms gradient Heat utilization;
Regenerator (19), third solution pump (27), the second water-solution heat exchanger (26), removes the second solution heat exchanger (23) Successively pipeline connects to form solution and be recycled back to for wet device (24), the second solution pump (22) and the first water-solution heat exchanger (21) Road, the medium of circulation loop are lithium-bromide solution;Cryogenic fluid and high temperature of second solution heat exchanger (23) to circulation loop Solution exchanges heat, i.e. heat recovery;Total-heat exchanger (28) are set on front side of dehumidifier (24), outdoor fresh air goes back to user room Wind carries out recuperation of heat, and pressure fan (25) are arranged on rear side of dehumidifier (24), provide the driving force of air-supply;Setting on front side of regenerator (19) It mixes bellows (29), enters regenerator (19) after outdoor fresh air and user room return air mixing, setting row on rear side of regenerator (19) Blower (20), provides the driving force of air draft;
Domestic water module is connected to heat storage water tank (2) top by pipeline.
2. a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy according to claim 1, which is characterized in that raw Applying flexibly water module includes one or more domestic water equipment (30), and domestic water equipment (30) is connected to heat accumulation by pipeline Water tank (2) top, can directly acquire hot water.
3. a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy according to claim 1, which is characterized in that work When making, vacuum tube solar heating element (1) absorbs solar radiation in solar energy heat collecting module, and the water inside heat collector is added Heat, hot water flow into the top of heat storage water tank (2), then the top from heat storage water tank (2) under the action of first circulation water pump (3) Outflow, first passes through auxiliary thermal source (4), when the hot water temperature of heat storage water tank (2) top outflow is lower than 90 degree, auxiliary thermal source (4) Heating function is opened, hot water passes through generator (6) again, and after the lithium-bromide solution in heating generator (6), hot water temperature is down to 75 Degree left and right, then by the first water-solution heat exchanger (21), the lithium bromide heated in the first water-solution heat exchanger (21) is molten After liquid, hot water temperature is down to 65 degree, finally flows back into the lower part of heat storage water tank (2), and high-temperature-hot-water gradually plays heat effect, i.e., The gradient of temperature utilizes;The hot water of heat storage water tank (2) lower part flows back into vacuum under the action of first circulation water pump (3) again Tube solar heat-collecting device is heated in (1);It is equipped with partition among heat storage water tank (2), the hot water of hot water and reflux is avoided quickly to mix It closes, the leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan of partition side, when auxiliary thermal source (4) are run and vacuum tube solar heating element (1) is not run, still is able to shape At hot water circulation loop.
4. a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy according to claim 1, which is characterized in that work When making, water evaporates in the environment under low pressure of evaporator (9) in absorption refrigeration module, to absorb a large amount of heat, absorber (10) lithium-bromide solution in constantly absorbs the vapor in evaporator (9), becomes weak solution, weak solution is in the first solution pump (12) it is flowed into generator (6) under the action of, generator (6) is heated by solar energy heat collecting module, and weak solution, which is constantly concentrated, to be become Concentrated solution, concentrated solution are cooled down by the first solution heat exchanger (11) and weak solution heat exchange, i.e. recuperation of heat, then flow back into absorber (10) in;The high-temperature vapor that concentrate solution generates in generator (6) enters in condenser (7), is condensed in hyperbaric environment Cheng Shui, high pressure condensed water finally flow back into low pressure evaporator (9) by expansion valve (8) pressure reduction afterwards and are evaporated to water again Steam;Cooling water in cooling tower (18) passes through the heat exchange of the second water-solution under the action of the 4th water circulating pump (17) first Device (26), after cooling internal lithium bromide dehumidification solution, temperature increases 3 degree, then passes through absorber (10), absorption absorber (10) After the heat of middle generation, temperature increases 3 degree again, finally by condenser (7), returns after the high temperature heat of absorption condensation process release It flows in cooling tower (18), low-temperature cooling water gradually plays cooling effect, i.e. the gradient of temperature utilizes;It is cold in water collector (14) Under water is acted in third water circulating pump (15), cooled by evaporator (9) first, chilled water is entered back into water segregator (13), It is diverted to each capillary radiation air conditioning terminal (16) by water segregator (13), controls the temperature in user room.
5. a kind of humiture independence control air conditioner system of Driven by Solar Energy according to claim 1, which is characterized in that work When making, the higher outdoor fresh air of temperature is by total-heat exchanger (28) in solution dehumidification module, the low temperature return air with user room It exchanging heat, outdoor fresh air temperature enters dehumidifier (24) after reducing, and the vapor in outdoor fresh air is brominated the absorption of lithium solution, Under the action of pressure fan (25), the fresh air being dehumidified is admitted to user room, controls the humidity in user room;Bromine after dehumidifying Changing lithium solution concentration reduces, under the action of the second solution pump (22), first by the second solution heat exchanger (23), and from again The pyrosol of raw device (19) outflow heats up after carrying out heat exchange, then flows into the first water-solution heat exchanger (21) and be heated After heating, into regenerator (19);With outdoor fresh air heat exchange after drying return air in mixing bellows (29) with outdoor fresh air After mixing, into the vapor for absorbing the lithium-bromide solution evaporation after being heated in regenerator (19), the air of high temperature and humidity exists Under the action of exhaust blower (20), it is discharged to outdoor;The higher lithium-bromide solution of concentration is in third solution pump (27) in regenerator (19) Under the action of, it first passes through the second solution heat exchanger (23) and cools down afterwards, enter back into the quilt in the second water-solution heat exchanger (26) Cooling, the lithium-bromide solution of last high concentration low temperature, which is re-introduced into dehumidifier (24), dehumidifies to outdoor fresh air.
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