CN112870016B - Leg muscle exercising device and method for nursing old people - Google Patents

Leg muscle exercising device and method for nursing old people Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112870016B
CN112870016B CN202110044389.XA CN202110044389A CN112870016B CN 112870016 B CN112870016 B CN 112870016B CN 202110044389 A CN202110044389 A CN 202110044389A CN 112870016 B CN112870016 B CN 112870016B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
fixedly connected
positive
negative motor
intermittent
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202110044389.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112870016A (en
Inventor
张修斌
丁容
潘亚艳
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Lanzhou University
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Lanzhou University
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Priority to CN202110044389.XA priority Critical patent/CN112870016B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/007Physiotherapeutic chairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/02Chairs with means to adjust position of patient; Controls therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/10Parts, details or accessories
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G15/00Operating chairs; Dental chairs; Accessories specially adapted therefor, e.g. work stands
    • A61G15/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G15/12Rests specially adapted therefor, e.g. for the head or feet
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0218Drawing-out devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0149Seat or chair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg

Abstract

The invention discloses a leg muscle exercising device and an exercising method for geriatric nursing, and belongs to the field of geriatric nursing.

Description

Leg muscle exercising device and method for nursing old people
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of geriatric nursing, in particular to a leg muscle training device and a leg muscle training method for geriatric nursing.
Background
With the general extension of the average life of human beings, the aging of the population is increasingly obvious, and particularly the aging of the elderly population brings wide and deep influence on various fields of human social resources, environment, social economic development and the like and the lives of people. The research on the health problems and health requirements of the old people, the maintenance and promotion of the health conditions of the old people, the improvement of the life quality of the old people and the realization of healthy aging become important subjects of the aged nursing research, the cultivation of the aged nursing staff capable of meeting the social development needs, and the improvement of the aged nursing quality is an important task of nursing education.
The leg muscles of the old people can be atrophied due to age and long-time immobility, the daily life of the old people is greatly influenced, and the existing leg exercise machine is not suitable for the old people.
Disclosure of the invention
The invention aims to provide a leg muscle exercising device and an exercising method for nursing old people, and aims to solve the problem that the old people in the prior art are difficult to exercise independently.
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a leg muscle exercising device for old people nursing comprises a moving chair and a base, wherein the base is positioned on the lower side of the moving chair, handrails are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the upper end of the moving chair, pedals are arranged on the left side and the right side of the front side of the base, a group of length adjusting mechanisms are arranged on the upper side of each pedal, clamping mechanisms are arranged on the sides, far away from the two groups of length adjusting mechanisms, the length adjusting mechanisms and the clamping mechanisms on the same side are matched for fixing legs of a user, a first installation cavity is formed in the base, a lifting mechanism is further arranged on the base and is connected with the moving chair to drive the moving chair to lift, an installation sleeve and a connecting frame are fixedly connected to the lower end of the moving chair, linkage seats are arranged on the left side and the right side of the installation sleeve, and each linkage seat and each length adjusting mechanism form a group, the rear end of each linkage seat is fixedly connected with a second connecting plate, each second connecting plate is connected with the mounting sleeve, a stretching mechanism is arranged on the connecting frame, and the stretching mechanism is connected with the linkage seats and used for driving pedals to reciprocate with small amplitude.
As a preferable scheme of the novel drawing mechanism, the drawing mechanism includes a fourth positive and negative motor, a fifth gear, a sixth gear, a second intermittent gear, a rotating shaft, a double-sided rack and a first connecting rod, the fourth positive and negative motor is fixedly connected to the lower end of the connecting frame, an output end of the fourth positive and negative motor penetrates through the lower inner wall of the connecting frame and extends upwards, the fifth gear is fixedly connected to an output end of the fourth positive and negative motor, the number of the sixth gear, the number of the second intermittent gear and the rotating shaft are two, the rotating shafts are respectively located at the left side and the right side of the fifth gear, each of the sixth gear, the second intermittent gear and the rotating shaft is a group, each of the rotating shafts is rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the connecting frame, each group of the sixth gear and the second intermittent gear is fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotating shaft, and the second intermittent gear is located at the upper side of the rotating shaft, the sixth gears are meshed with the fourth positive and negative motors, the double-sided racks are arranged between the second intermittent gears, the second intermittent gears are meshed with the double-sided racks, the directions of the gears of the second intermittent gears are the same, and the first connecting rod is fixedly connected to the front ends of the double-sided racks.
As a novel preferred scheme, the rear end of the connecting frame is fixedly connected with a limiting plate, the rear end of the limiting plate is provided with a limiting groove, and the double-sided rack is movably connected in the limiting groove in a sliding manner.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the circumferential surface of the mounting sleeve is provided with two connecting grooves, the upper end of each second connecting plate is provided with a connecting hole, the second connecting plate is rotatably connected to the connecting grooves through the connecting holes, the lower end of each second connecting plate is rotatably connected to a second connecting rod, and each second connecting rod is rotatably connected to the upper end of the connecting groove.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the length adjusting mechanisms includes a leg support frame, two sliding slots, two sliding rods and an air cylinder, the leg support frame is rotatably connected to one end of each of the two linked seats, the sliding slots and the two sliding rods are respectively provided, the sliding slots are provided on the left and right sides of the lower end of the leg support frame, each sliding rod is slidably connected in the sliding slot, the pedal is fixedly connected to the lower end of the sliding rod, the air cylinder is fixedly connected to the lower inner wall of the leg support frame, and the extension end of the air cylinder movably penetrates through the lower end of the leg support frame and is fixedly connected to the pedal.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the clamping mechanisms includes a protective housing, a first positive and negative motor, a first gear, an extension rod, a first connection plate, a spring, a soft sleeve, a telescopic rod, and a single-sided rack, the protective housing is fixedly connected to the surface of the leg support frame, the first positive and negative motor is fixedly connected to one end of the protective housing close to the leg support frame, the protective housing is located between the inner walls of the leg support frame, the first gear is rotatably connected in the protective housing, and an output end of the first positive and negative motor rotatably penetrates through the inner wall of the protective housing and is fixedly connected to the first gear;
extension rod, first connecting plate, spring, soft cover and telescopic link all are provided with two, and every extension rod, first connecting plate, spring, soft cover, telescopic link and single face rack are a set of, single face rack sliding connection is in the protective housing, just single face rack all meshes with first gear mutually, extension rod fixed connection is in the one end that two sets of single face racks kept away from mutually, just the equal activity of extension rod runs through the surface of protective housing and outwards extends, first gear fixed connection is in the one end that the extension rod kept away from mutually, telescopic link fixed connection is in the one end that the soft cover kept away from mutually, the surface of telescopic link is located to the spring housing, the soft cover is located pedal upside.
As a preferable scheme of the present invention, each set of reciprocating swing mechanism includes a second mounting cavity, a second positive and negative motor, a second gear, a first intermittent gear and a connecting shaft, the second mounting cavity is disposed at an end of the linkage seat away from the length adjustment mechanism, the second positive and negative motor is fixedly connected in the second mounting cavity, the second gear is fixedly connected to an output end of the second positive and negative motor, the connecting shaft is fixedly connected to an end of the second mounting cavity close to the linkage seat, the connecting shaft rotatably penetrates through the other end of the linkage seat and extends, the first intermittent gear is fixedly connected to the other end of the connecting shaft, and the second gear is engaged with the first intermittent gear.
As a preferable scheme of the invention, the lifting mechanism comprises a third positive and negative motor, a third gear, a fourth gear, a chain wheel, a screw rod, a supporting column and a thread groove, the third positive and negative motor is fixedly connected with the lower inner wall of the first installation cavity, the third gear is fixedly connected with the output end of the third positive and negative motor, three chain wheels, three screw rods, three support columns and three thread grooves are arranged, the screw rods are all rotationally connected to the upper end of the first mounting cavity, the fourth gear is fixedly arranged on the surface of the screw rod on the front side, the fourth gear is meshed with the third gear, each chain wheel is fixedly connected to the surface of the screw rod, the chain is connected between the chain wheels in a transmission way, each thread groove is arranged at the lower end of the supporting column, the support column is sleeved on the surface of the screw rod through a thread groove, and the upper end of the support column is fixedly connected to the motion chair.
As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mounting sleeve is fixedly connected to the surface of the supporting column located at the front side, the upper end of the base is fixedly connected to three mounting cylinders, each supporting column penetrates through the inner wall of the mounting cylinder and extends upward, the lower end of the base is fixedly mounted with a plurality of uniformly distributed universal wheels, and each universal wheel is mounted with a brake pad.
An exercise method of a leg muscle exercise device for geriatric care, comprising the steps of:
s1, adjusting the height: a user sits on the movement chair, starts a third positive and negative motor, drives a third gear to rotate through the output end of the third positive and negative motor, drives a fourth gear to rotate, drives a lead screw positioned on the front side to rotate, drives a chain wheel positioned on the front side to rotate, and drives a plurality of chain wheels to synchronously rotate through a chain, so that the plurality of lead screws are driven to synchronously rotate, a support column is driven to vertically move through a thread groove when the lead screw rotates, and the support column drives the movement chair to vertically move;
s2, binding the leg part: when the motion chair moves to a proper height, two feet of a user are respectively placed on the pedals, the air cylinder is started, the extending end of the air cylinder drives the pedals to move up and down, when the pedals move to a proper position, the first positive and negative motor is started, the output end of the first positive and negative motor drives the first gear fixedly connected with the first positive and negative motor to rotate, the first gear drives the two single-sided racks to mutually approach, so that the extension rods are driven to mutually approach, and finally the soft sleeves are driven to mutually approach, so that the legs of the user are clamped;
s3, stretching movement: when the legs of a user are clamped, a fourth positive and negative motor is started, the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor drives a fifth gear to rotate, the fifth gear drives two sixth gears to synchronously rotate when rotating, the sixth gears drive two rotating shafts to synchronously rotate through the rotating shafts, the two rotating shafts drive two double-sided racks to linearly reciprocate when synchronously rotating, the double-sided racks drive a first connecting rod to linearly reciprocate, the first connecting rod drives two second connecting plates to rotate in the direction which is opposite to the direction which is small in amplitude and takes the mounting sleeve as the circle center through a second connecting rod, so that the direction which is small in amplitude and opposite to the direction of the circle center of the length adjusting mechanism is driven to rotate, and the user is driven to do stretching motion;
s4, lifting and extending movement: after the user stretches, the pedal is driven by the fourth positive and negative motor to return to the original position and the fourth positive and negative motor is turned off, then the second positive and negative motor is started, the output end of the second positive and negative motor drives the second gear to rotate, the second gear drives the first intermittent gear to do reciprocating rotation in a small amplitude, and the first intermittent gear drives the leg supporting frame to do reciprocating rotation through the connecting shaft, so that the leg of the user is driven to do reciprocating lifting motion.
Compared with the prior art, the novel method has the following advantages:
the stretching mechanism is arranged for driving the stretching movement of the two legs of a user, the output end of a fourth positive and negative motor drives a fifth gear to rotate, the fifth gear drives two sixth gears to rotate synchronously when rotating, the sixth gears drive two rotating shafts to rotate synchronously through rotating shafts, the two rotating shafts drive two-sided racks to reciprocate linearly when rotating synchronously, the two-sided racks drive a first connecting rod to reciprocate linearly, the first connecting rod drives two second connecting plates to rotate in the direction with small circle centers and opposite to the small circle centers of the mounting sleeves through a second connecting rod, so that the length adjusting mechanism is driven to rotate in the direction with small circle centers and opposite to the small circle centers, the stretching movement of the user is driven, the reciprocating swing mechanism is arranged for driving the legs of the user to do reciprocating lifting movement, the fourth positive and negative motor drives a pedal to return to the original position and close the fourth positive and negative motor, and then the second positive and negative motor is started, the output of the positive and negative motor of second drives the second gear and rotates, and the second gear drives first intermittent gear small amplitude reciprocating rotation, and first intermittent gear passes through the connecting axle and drives shank support frame reciprocating rotation to drive user's shank and be reciprocal the motion of stretching, utilize tensile motion and stretch the motion and combine together, can the effectual exercise effect that improves old person's shank muscle.
The lifting mechanism is arranged in the scheme and used for adjusting the height of the movement chair, a user sits on the movement chair, the output end of a third positive and negative motor drives a third gear to rotate, the third gear drives a fourth gear to rotate, the fourth gear drives a lead screw positioned on the front side to rotate, the lead screw drives a chain wheel positioned on the front side to rotate, a plurality of chain wheels are driven by a chain to synchronously rotate, so that the lead screw drives a support column to move up and down through a thread groove when rotating, the support column drives the movement chair to move up and down to realize height adjustment, the clamping mechanism is arranged and used for tightly binding the leg of the user, two feet of the user are respectively placed on a pedal, the output end of a first positive and negative motor drives a first gear fixedly connected with the user to rotate, the first gear drives two single-sided racks to be close to each other, so as to drive extension rods to be close to each other, and finally drives soft sleeves to be close to each other, thereby clamping the user's legs.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an exploded view of the novel overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the novel structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the novel structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a general schematic view of the novel stretching mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic bottom view of the novel stretching mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an exploded view of the novel stretching mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the novel partial adaptor mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an exploded view of the novel reciprocal rocking mechanism and adapter mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional exploded view of the novel lift mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 10 is an enlarged view of fig. 9 at a.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1. a sports chair; 101. a handrail; 2. a base; 201. a first mounting cavity; 202. mounting the cylinder; 3. pedaling; 4. a length adjustment mechanism; 401. a leg support; 402. a chute; 403. a slide bar; 404. a cylinder; 5. a clamping mechanism; 501. a protective shell; 502. a first positive and negative motor; 503. a first gear; 504. an extension rod; 505. a first connecting plate; 506. a spring; 507. a soft sleeve; 508. a telescopic rod; 509. a single-sided rack; 6. a reciprocating swing mechanism; 601. a second mounting cavity; 602. a second positive and negative motor; 603. a second gear; 604. a first intermittent gear; 605. a connecting shaft; 701. a third positive and negative motor; 702. a third gear; 703. a fourth gear; 704. a chain; 705. a sprocket; 706. a screw rod; 707. a support pillar; 708. a thread groove; 8. installing a sleeve; 801. connecting grooves; 9. a stretching mechanism; 901. a fourth positive and negative motor; 902. a fifth gear; 903. a sixth gear; 904. a second intermittent gear; 905. a rotating shaft; 906. a double-sided rack; 907. a first connecting rod; 10. a connecting frame; 1001. a limiting plate; 1002. a limiting groove; 11. a linkage seat; 1101. a second connecting plate; 1102. connecting holes; 1103. a second connecting rod; 12. a universal wheel; 1201. a brake pad.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the novel embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the novel embodiment of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the novel embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments, and that all other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without inventive work, based on the embodiments of the novel invention, are within the scope of the novel protection of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the novel invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted", "provided", "fitted/connected", "connected", and the like are to be construed broadly, such as "connected", which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the novel aspects of the present invention can be understood in a specific manner by those skilled in the art.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-10, a leg muscle training device for geriatric care.
In the embodiment of the scheme, the chair comprises a motion chair 1 and a base 2, wherein the base 2 is positioned at the lower side of the motion chair 1, handrails 101 are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the upper end of the motion chair 1, pedals 3 are arranged on the left side and the right side of the front side of the base 2, a group of length adjusting mechanisms 4 are arranged on the upper side of each pedal 3, clamping mechanisms 5 are arranged on the sides, far away from the two groups of length adjusting mechanisms 4, the length adjusting mechanisms 4 and the clamping mechanisms 5 positioned on the same side are matched for fixing the legs of a user, a first mounting cavity 201 is formed in the base 2, the base 2 is also provided with a lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is connected with the motion chair 1 for driving the motion chair 1 to lift, a mounting sleeve 8 and a connecting frame 10 are fixedly connected to the lower end of the motion chair 1, linkage seats 11 are arranged on the left side and the right side of the mounting sleeve 8, and each linkage seat 11 and each length adjusting mechanism 4 form a group, the equal fixedly connected with second connecting plate 1101 in rear end of every linkage seat 11, every second connecting plate 1101 all is connected with installation sleeve 8, is provided with stretching mechanism 9 on the link 10, and stretching mechanism 9 is connected with linkage seat 11 and is used for driving pedal 3 small-amplitude reciprocating motion.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the lifting mechanism is configured to adjust the height of the exercise chair 1, a user sits on the exercise chair 1, the output end of the third positive and negative motor 701 drives the third gear 702 to rotate, the third gear 702 drives the fourth gear 703 to rotate, the fourth gear 703 drives the lead screw 706 on the front side to rotate, the lead screw 706 drives the sprocket 705 on the front side to rotate, the chain 704 drives the plurality of sprockets 705 to rotate synchronously, so as to drive the plurality of leads 706 to rotate synchronously, the lead screw 706 drives the supporting column 707 to move up and down through the thread groove 708 when rotating, the supporting column 707 drives the exercise chair 1 to move up and down, thereby adjusting the height, the clamping mechanism 5 is configured to tighten the legs of the user, the two feet of the user are respectively placed on the pedals 3, the output end of the first positive and negative motor 502 drives the first gear 503 fixedly connected thereto to rotate, the first gear 503 drives the two single-sided racks 509 to approach each other, thereby driving the extension rods 504 to approach each other, and finally driving the soft sleeves 507 to approach each other, thereby clamping the legs of the user, setting the stretching mechanism 9 for driving the stretching motion of the legs of the user, driving the fifth gear 902 to rotate through the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor 901, driving the two sixth gears 903 to synchronously rotate when the fifth gear 902 rotates, driving the two rotating shafts 905 to synchronously rotate through the rotating shafts 903 to synchronously rotate, driving the double-sided rack 906 to linearly reciprocate when the two rotating shafts 905 synchronously rotate, driving the first connecting rod 907 to linearly reciprocate, driving the two second connecting plates 1101 to rotate in the directions with the small circle center amplitude opposite to each other through the second connecting rod 1103, thereby driving the length adjusting mechanism 4 to rotate in the directions with the small circle center small circle amplitude opposite to each other, thereby driving the user to do the stretching motion, and setting the reciprocating swing mechanism 6, for it is reciprocating lift motion to be used for driving user's shank, drive pedal 3 through fourth positive and negative motor 901 and return to the normal position and close fourth positive and negative motor 901, then start second positive and negative motor 602, the output of second positive and negative motor 602 drives second gear 603 and rotates, second gear 603 drives the reciprocal rotation of first intermittent gear 604 minor amplitude, first intermittent gear 604 drives shank support frame 401 through connecting axle 605 reciprocal rotation, thereby it carries the motion to drive user's shank to carry reciprocal, utilize tensile motion and carry the motion to combine together, can effectual improvement old person's shank muscle exercise effect, when needing to explain: the specific type of motor and cylinder used is selected by the person skilled in the art, and the motor and cylinder are in the prior art and are not described in detail.
Specifically, referring to fig. 4-6, the stretching mechanism 9 includes a fourth positive and negative motor 901, a fifth gear 902, a sixth gear 903, a second intermittent gear 904, a rotating shaft 905, a double-sided rack 906 and a first connecting rod 907, the fourth positive and negative motor 901 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the connecting frame 10, an output end of the fourth positive and negative motor 901 penetrates through the lower inner wall of the connecting frame 10 and extends upward, the fifth gear 902 is fixedly connected to the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor 901, two rotating shafts 905 are respectively arranged on the sixth gear 903, the second intermittent gear 904 and the rotating shaft 905, the rotating shafts 905 are respectively located on the left and right sides of the fifth gear 902, each sixth gear 903, the second intermittent gear 904 and the rotating shaft 905 form a group, each rotating shaft 905 is rotatably connected between the upper and lower inner walls of the connecting frame 10, each group of the sixth gear 903 and the second intermittent gear 904 is fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotating shaft 905, the second intermittent gear 904 is located on the upper side of the rotating shaft 905, the sixth gear 903 is meshed with the fourth positive and negative motor 901, the double-sided rack 906 is arranged between the second intermittent gears 904, the second intermittent gears 904 are meshed with the double-sided rack 906, the gear directions of the second intermittent gears 904 are the same, and the first connecting rod 907 is fixedly connected to the front end of the double-sided rack 906.
In the embodiment of the present disclosure, the fourth positive and negative motor 901 drives the fifth gear 902 to rotate, and the fifth gear 902 drives the two sixth gears 903 to rotate synchronously when rotating, so as to drive the two second intermittent gears 904 to rotate synchronously, so that one second intermittent gear 904 drives the double-sided rack 906 to move forward, and the other second intermittent gear 904 drives the double-sided rack 906 to move backward, thereby driving the double-sided rack 906 to reciprocate, and thereby driving the two second connecting plates 1101 to the bottom through the first connecting rod 907 to rotate in the direction opposite to the small amplitude with the mounting sleeve 8 as the center of circle.
Specifically, referring to fig. 6, a limiting plate 1001 is fixedly connected to the rear end of the connecting frame 10, a limiting groove 1002 is formed in the rear end of the limiting plate 1001, and the double-sided rack 906 is movably slidably connected to the limiting groove 1002.
In the embodiment of the present disclosure, the connection hole 1102 is provided, so that the double-sided rack 906 does not deviate during reciprocating movement, thereby improving the stability during movement.
Specifically, referring to fig. 6, two connecting grooves 801 are formed in the circumferential surface of the mounting sleeve 8, a connecting hole 1102 is formed in the upper end of each second connecting plate 1101, the second connecting plates 1101 are rotatably connected into the connecting grooves 801 through the connecting holes 1102, a second connecting rod 1103 is rotatably connected to the lower end of each second connecting plate 1101, and each second connecting rod 1103 is rotatably connected to the upper end of the connecting groove 801.
In the embodiment of this scheme, the arrangement of the connection groove 801 makes two second connection plates 1101 all rotate around the center of the installation sleeve 8, thereby driving two linkage seats 11 to rotate around the installation sleeve 8.
Specifically, referring to fig. 7 to 8, each group of length adjustment mechanisms 4 includes a leg support 401, a sliding slot 402, two sliding rods 403 and an air cylinder 404, the leg support 401 is rotatably connected to one end of each of the two linkage seats 11, the two sliding slots 402 and the two sliding rods 403 are both disposed, the sliding slots 402 are disposed on the left and right sides of the lower end of the leg support 401, each sliding rod 403 is slidably connected in the sliding slot 402, the pedals 3 are fixedly connected to the lower ends of the sliding rods 403, the air cylinder 404 is fixedly connected to the lower inner wall of the leg support 401, and the extension end of the air cylinder 404 movably penetrates through the lower end of the leg support 401 and is fixedly connected to the pedals 3.
In the embodiment of this scheme, the extension end of cylinder 404 and pedal 3 fixed connection, when cylinder 404 drove pedal 3 and reciprocated, because slide bar 403's effect can not take place the skew, improves its stability.
Specifically, referring to fig. 7 to 8, each set of clamping mechanisms 5 includes a protective shell 501, a first forward and reverse motor 502, a first gear 503, an extension rod 504, a first connection plate 505, a spring 506, a soft sleeve 507, an extension rod 508, and a single-sided rack 509, the protective shell 501 is fixedly connected to the surface of the leg support frame 401, the first forward and reverse motor 502 is fixedly connected to one end of the protective shell 501 close to the leg support frame 401, the protective shell 501 is located between inner walls of the leg support frame 401, the first gear 503 is rotatably connected in the protective shell 501, and an output end of the first forward and reverse motor 502 rotatably penetrates through the inner wall of the protective shell 501 and is fixedly connected to the first gear 503;
the extension rod 504, the first connecting plate 505, the spring 506, the soft cover 507 and the telescopic link 508 are all provided with two, and each extension rod 504, the first connecting plate 505, the spring 506, the soft cover 507, the telescopic link 508 and the single-sided rack 509 form a group, the single-sided rack 509 is connected in the protective shell 501 in a sliding mode, the single-sided rack 509 is meshed with the first gear 503, the extension rod 504 is fixedly connected to one end, away from the two groups of single-sided racks 509, the extension rod 504 movably penetrates through the surface of the protective shell 501 and extends outwards, the first gear 503 is fixedly connected to one end, away from the extension rod 504, the telescopic link 508 is fixedly connected to one end, away from the soft cover 507, the spring 506 is sleeved on the surface of the telescopic link 508, and the soft cover 507 is located on the upper side of the pedal 3.
In the embodiment of this scheme, soft cover 507's setting is used for, presss from both sides tight user's shank, the output through first positive and negative motor 502 drives its fixed connection's first gear 503 rotation, first gear 503 drives two single face racks 509 and is close to each other to drive extension rod 504 and be close to each other, drive soft cover 507 at last and be close to each other, thereby press from both sides tight user's shank, the setting of telescopic link 508 and spring 506 can avoid the excessive centre gripping of soft cover 507, protection user's shank.
Specifically, referring to fig. 8, each set of reciprocating swing mechanism 6 includes a second mounting cavity 601, a second positive and negative motor 602, a second gear 603, a first intermittent gear 604, and a connecting shaft 605, where the second mounting cavity 601 is disposed at an end of the linkage base 11 away from the length adjustment mechanism 4, the second positive and negative motor 602 is fixedly connected in the second mounting cavity 601, the second gear 603 is fixedly connected to an output end of the second positive and negative motor 602, the connecting shaft 605 is fixedly connected to an end of the second mounting cavity 601 close to the linkage base 11, the connecting shaft 605 rotatably penetrates through the other end of the linkage base 11 and extends, the first intermittent gear 604 is fixedly connected to the other end of the connecting shaft 605, and the second gear 603 is engaged with the first intermittent gear 604.
In the embodiment of this scheme, reciprocating rotation is done to the output of the positive and negative motor 602 of second, drive the reciprocating rotation of second gear 603 through the positive and negative motor 602 of second to drive the reciprocating rotation of first intermittent gear 604 low-angle, first intermittent gear 604 drives shank support frame 401 low-angle reciprocating rotation through connecting axle 605, the realization drives user's shank and is carried the motion of stretching, and the setting of first intermittent gear 604, the pivoted angle has been injectd, thereby protection user's shank.
Specifically, referring to fig. 9-10, the lifting mechanism includes a third positive and negative motor 701, a third gear 702, a fourth gear 703, a chain 704, and a sprocket 705, screw 706, support column 707 and thread groove 708, positive and negative motor 701 of third fixed connection is in the lower inner wall of first installation cavity 201, third gear 702 fixed connection is in the output of positive and negative motor 701 of third, sprocket 705, screw 706, support column 707 and thread groove 708 all are provided with three, screw 706 all rotates and connects in the upper end of first installation cavity 201, fourth gear 703 fixes the surface of the screw 706 that is located the front side, fourth gear 703 meshes with third gear 702 mutually, every sprocket 705 all fixed connection is in the surface of screw 706, chain 704 transmission is connected between sprocket 705, the lower extreme of support column 707 is all seted up to every thread groove 708, support column 707 cup joints in the surface of screw 706 through thread groove 708 screw, the upper end of support column 707 all fixed connection in motion chair 1.
In the embodiment of the present scheme, the third positive and negative motor 701 is arranged to drive the third gear 702 to rotate, the third gear 702 drives the fourth gear 703 to rotate, the fourth gear 703 drives the lead screw 706 located on the front side to rotate, and the chain 704 drives the plurality of lead screws 706 to synchronously rotate, so as to drive the supporting column 707 to stably move up and down, thereby improving the lifting stability of the motion chair 1.
Specifically, referring to fig. 1-2, the mounting sleeve 8 is fixedly connected to the surface of a supporting column 707 located on the front side, the three mounting cylinders 202 are fixedly connected to the upper end of the base 2, each supporting column 707 penetrates through the inner wall of the mounting cylinder 202 and extends upward, a plurality of uniformly distributed universal wheels 12 are fixedly mounted at the lower end of the base 2, and a brake pad 1201 is mounted on each universal wheel 12.
In the embodiment of this scheme, the setting of an installation section of thick bamboo 202 can avoid outside dust to get into first installation cavity 201 in, plays dirt-proof effect, improves the aesthetic property simultaneously, and the setting of universal wheel 12 facilitates the user and removes this device.
An exercise method of a leg muscle exercise device for geriatric care, comprising the steps of:
s1, adjusting the height: a user sits on the motion chair 1, starts the third positive and negative motor 701, drives the third gear 702 to rotate through the output end of the third positive and negative motor 701, the third gear 702 drives the fourth gear 703 to rotate, the fourth gear 703 drives the lead screw 706 positioned at the front side to rotate, the lead screw 706 drives the chain wheel 705 positioned at the front side to rotate, and the chain 704 drives the chain wheels 705 to rotate synchronously, so that the lead screws 706 are driven to rotate synchronously, the lead screws 706 drive the supporting columns 707 to move up and down through the thread grooves 708 when rotating, and the supporting columns 707 drive the motion chair 1 to move up and down;
s2, binding the leg part: when the motion chair 1 moves to a proper height, the feet of a user are respectively placed on the pedals 3, the air cylinder 404 is started, the extending end of the air cylinder 404 drives the pedals 3 to move up and down, when the pedals 3 move to a proper position, the first positive and negative motor 502 is started, the output end of the first positive and negative motor 502 drives the first gear 503 fixedly connected with the first positive and negative motor to rotate, the first gear 503 drives the two single-sided racks 509 to mutually approach, so that the extension rods 504 are driven to mutually approach, and finally the soft sleeves 507 are driven to mutually approach, so that the legs of the user are clamped;
s3, stretching movement: after the legs of a user are clamped, a fourth positive and negative motor 901 is started, the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor 901 drives a fifth gear 902 to rotate, the fifth gear 902 drives two sixth gears 903 to synchronously rotate when rotating, the sixth gears 903 drive two rotating shafts 905 to synchronously rotate through the rotating shafts 905, the two rotating shafts 905 drive a double-sided rack 906 to linearly reciprocate when synchronously rotating, the double-sided rack 906 drives a first connecting rod 907 to linearly reciprocate, the first connecting rod 907 drives two second connecting plates 1101 to rotate in the direction with the installation sleeve 8 as the circle center and with small amplitude opposite to each other through a second connecting rod 1103, so that the circle centers of the length adjusting mechanisms 4 are driven to rotate in the directions with small amplitude opposite to each other, and the user is driven to do stretching movement;
s4, lifting and extending movement: after a user stretches, the pedal 3 is driven to return to the original position through the fourth positive and negative motor 901 and the fourth positive and negative motor 901 is turned off, then the second positive and negative motor 602 is started, the output end of the second positive and negative motor 602 drives the second gear 603 to rotate, the second gear 603 drives the first intermittent gear 604 to rotate in a reciprocating mode in a small amplitude, and the first intermittent gear 604 drives the leg support frame 401 to rotate in a reciprocating mode through the connecting shaft 605, so that the legs of the user are driven to do reciprocating lifting movement.
While the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a device is tempered with shank muscle to geriatric care which characterized in that: comprises a motion chair (1) and a base (2), wherein the base (2) is positioned at the lower side of the motion chair (1), handrails (101) are fixedly connected with the left side and the right side of the upper end of the motion chair (1), pedals (3) are arranged at the left side and the right side of the front side of the base (2), each pedal (3) is provided with a group of length adjusting mechanisms (4), one side of each group of length adjusting mechanisms (4) which is far away from the corresponding handrail is provided with a clamping mechanism (5), the length adjusting mechanisms (4) and the clamping mechanisms (5) which are positioned at the same side are matched for fixing the legs of a user, a first installation cavity (201) is arranged in the base (2), the base (2) is also provided with a lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is connected with the motion chair (1) for driving the motion chair (1) to lift, and the lower end of the motion chair (1) is fixedly connected with an installation sleeve (8) and a connecting frame (10), the left side and the right side of the mounting sleeve (8) are respectively provided with a linkage seat (11), each linkage seat (11) and the length adjusting mechanism (4) form a group, the rear end of each linkage seat (11) is fixedly connected with a second connecting plate (1101), each second connecting plate (1101) is connected with the mounting sleeve (8), a stretching mechanism (9) is arranged on the connecting frame (10), and the stretching mechanism (9) is connected with the linkage seats (11) and used for driving the pedals (3) to do reciprocating motion in a small amplitude;
the stretching mechanism (9) comprises a fourth positive and negative motor (901), a fifth gear (902), a sixth gear (903), a second intermittent gear (904), a rotating shaft (905), a double-sided rack (906) and a first connecting rod (907), the fourth positive and negative motor (901) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the connecting frame (10), the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor (901) penetrates through the lower inner wall of the connecting frame (10) and extends upwards, the fifth gear (902) is fixedly connected to the output end of the fourth positive and negative motor (901), two rotating shafts (903), two second intermittent gears (904) and two rotating shafts (905) are arranged, the rotating shafts (905) are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the fifth gear (902), each of the sixth gear (903), the second intermittent gear (904) and the rotating shaft (905) form a group, each rotating shaft (905) is rotatably connected between the upper inner wall and the lower inner wall of the connecting frame (10), each group of the sixth gear (903) and the second intermittent gear (904) are fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotating shaft (905), the second intermittent gear (904) is located on the upper side of the rotating shaft (905), the sixth gear (903) is meshed with the fourth positive and negative motor (901), the double-sided rack (906) is arranged between the second intermittent gears (904), the second intermittent gears (904) are meshed with the double-sided rack (906), the gear directions of the second intermittent gears (904) are the same, and the first connecting rod (907) is fixedly connected to the front end of the double-sided rack (906).
2. The leg muscle exercising device for geriatric care according to claim 1, wherein: the rear end of the connecting frame (10) is fixedly connected with a limiting plate (1001), a limiting groove (1002) is formed in the rear end of the limiting plate (1001), and the double-sided rack (906) is movably connected in the limiting groove (1002) in a sliding mode.
3. The leg muscle exercising device for nursing old people according to claim 2, wherein: two spread grooves (801) have been seted up on the circumferential surface of installation cover (8), every connecting hole (1102) have all been seted up to the upper end of second connecting plate (1101), second connecting plate (1101) rotate through connecting hole (1102) and connect in spread groove (801), every the lower extreme of second connecting plate (1101) all rotates and is connected with second connecting rod (1103), every second connecting rod (1103) all rotates and connects in the upper end of spread groove (801).
4. The leg muscle exercising device for geriatric care according to claim 3, wherein: every group length adjustment mechanism (4) include shank support frame (401), spout (402), slide bar (403) and cylinder (404), shank support frame (401) rotate to be connected in the one end that two linkage seats (11) kept away from mutually, two have all been seted up in spout (402) and slide bar (403), the lower extreme left and right sides of shank support frame (401) is seted up in spout (402), every slide bar (403) sliding connection is in spout (402), pedal (3) fixed connection is in the lower extreme of slide bar (403), cylinder (404) fixed connection is in the lower inner wall of shank support frame (401), the extension end activity of cylinder (404) runs through the lower extreme and fixed connection in pedal (3) of shank support frame (401).
5. The leg muscle exercising device for geriatric care according to claim 4, wherein: each group of clamping mechanisms (5) comprises a protective shell (501), a first positive and negative motor (502), a first gear (503), an extension rod (504), a first connecting plate (505), a spring (506), a soft sleeve (507), an expansion rod (508) and a single-sided rack (509), wherein the protective shell (501) is fixedly connected to the surface of the leg support frame (401), the first positive and negative motor (502) is fixedly connected to one end, close to the leg support frame (401), of the protective shell (501), the protective shell (501) is located between the inner walls of the leg support frame (401), the first gear (503) is rotatably connected into the protective shell (501), and the output end of the first positive and negative motor (502) rotatably penetrates through the inner walls of the protective shell (501) and is fixedly connected to the first gear (503);
the extension rod (504), the first connecting plate (505), the spring (506), the soft sleeve (507) and the telescopic rod (508) are arranged in two, each extension rod (504), the first connecting plate (505), the spring (506), the soft sleeve (507), the telescopic rod (508) and the single-sided rack (509) form a group, the single-sided rack (509) is connected in the protective shell (501) in a sliding mode, the single-sided rack (509) is meshed with the first gear (503), the extension rods (504) are fixedly connected to the ends, far away from the two groups of single-sided racks (509), the extension rods (504) movably penetrate through the surface of the protective shell (501) and extend outwards, the first gear (503) is fixedly connected to the end, far away from the extension rod (504), the telescopic rod (508) is fixedly connected to the end, far away from the soft sleeve (507), and the spring (506) is sleeved on the surface of the telescopic rod (508), the soft sleeve (507) is positioned at the upper side of the pedal (3).
6. The leg muscle exercising device for geriatric care according to claim 5, wherein: each linkage seat (11) is matched with a group of reciprocating swinging mechanisms (6), each group of reciprocating swinging mechanisms (6) comprises a second mounting cavity (601), a second positive and negative motor (602), a second gear (603), a first intermittent gear (604) and a connecting shaft (605), the second mounting cavity (601) is arranged at one end of the linkage seat (11) far away from the length adjusting mechanism (4), the second positive and negative motor (602) is fixedly connected in the second mounting cavity (601), the second gear (603) is fixedly connected with the output end of the second positive and negative motor (602), the connecting shaft (605) is fixedly connected with one end of the second mounting cavity (601) close to the linkage seat (11), the connecting shaft (605) rotatably penetrates the other end of the linkage seat (11) and extends, the first intermittent gear (604) is fixedly connected to the other end of the connecting shaft (605), and the second gear (603) is meshed with the first intermittent gear (604).
7. The leg muscle exercising device for nursing old people according to claim 6, wherein: the lifting mechanism comprises a third positive and negative motor (701), a third gear (702), a fourth gear (703), a chain (704), a chain wheel (705), a screw rod (706), a support column (707) and a thread groove (708), the third positive and negative motor (701) is fixedly connected to the lower inner wall of the first mounting cavity (201), the third gear (702) is fixedly connected to the output end of the third positive and negative motor (701), the chain wheel (705), the screw rod (706), the support column (707) and the thread groove (708) are all provided with three, the screw rod (706) is rotatably connected to the upper end of the first mounting cavity (201), the fourth gear (703) is fixedly positioned on the surface of the screw rod (706) on the front side, the fourth gear (703) is meshed with the third gear (702), each chain wheel (705) is fixedly connected to the surface of the screw rod (706), and the chain (704) is in transmission connection between the chain wheels (705), each thread groove (708) is formed in the lower end of the support column (707), the support column (707) is sleeved on the surface of the screw rod (706) through the thread groove (708) in a threaded mode, and the upper end of the support column (707) is fixedly connected to the motion chair (1).
8. The leg muscle exercising device for geriatric care according to claim 7, wherein: installation cover (8) fixed connection is in the surface that is located the support column (707) of front side, the three installation section of thick bamboo (202) of upper end fixedly connected with of base (2), every support column (707) all run through the inner wall of installation section of thick bamboo (202) and upwards extend, the lower extreme fixed mounting of base (2) has a plurality of evenly distributed's universal wheel (12), every all install brake block (1201) on universal wheel (12).
CN202110044389.XA 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 Leg muscle exercising device and method for nursing old people Expired - Fee Related CN112870016B (en)

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