CN112814733A - Mining lightweight concrete fills construction equipment - Google Patents

Mining lightweight concrete fills construction equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112814733A
CN112814733A CN202110147786.XA CN202110147786A CN112814733A CN 112814733 A CN112814733 A CN 112814733A CN 202110147786 A CN202110147786 A CN 202110147786A CN 112814733 A CN112814733 A CN 112814733A
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China
Prior art keywords
closed
stirring
pulping
foam
inner sleeve
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CN202110147786.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112814733B (en
Inventor
牟衍龙
张鋆
田玉华
管永泽
陈英达
张博宇
杨晨荣
王士强
张建华
王寿刚
李延召
张少星
章邦琼
侯俊
唐学义
宋士生
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Yantai Chilung Construction & Energy Saving Technology Co ltd
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Yantai Chilung Construction & Energy Saving Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN112814733A publication Critical patent/CN112814733A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F15/00Methods or devices for placing filling-up materials in underground workings
    • E21F15/06Filling-up mechanically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/10Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing
    • B28C5/12Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing with stirrers sweeping through the materials, e.g. with incorporated feeding or discharging means or with oscillating stirrers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a mining lightweight concrete filling construction device which is characterized in that the main structure of the mining lightweight concrete filling construction device comprises a closed material turnover device, a closed pulping system and a main control conveyor, wherein the closed material turnover device is used for bearing and conveying cement dry powder; the invention can be used for filling construction under the mine, and the comprehensive cost is low; the method can be applied to underground mine filling and ground concrete filling. The construction device has light weight and compact overall dimension, is suitable for flexibly moving in mine hoisting cages and roadways, is used in a combined connection mode, and can reach stopes near all rail roadways for filling construction operation.

Description

Mining lightweight concrete fills construction equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of underground mine filling mining method construction, in particular to a mining light concrete filling construction device.
Background
At present, in the field of underground mining, the construction mode of mining filling mainly comprises different processes such as dry filling, tailing hydraulic sand filling, tailing cemented filling and the like; the dry filling is not supported by mechanized construction equipment, the dry filling mainly depends on manual construction of a stope, the labor intensity of workers is high, the operation efficiency is low, labor and time are wasted, the filling body is semi-loose gravel, the surface flatness and the supporting stability after the filling are insufficient, the firmness of the underground integral structure is further influenced, and the construction potential safety hazard exists; the tailing hydraulic sand filling and tailing cemented filling mainly adopt a filling system established on the earth surface, and after a filling body is produced on the earth surface, the filling body is input into the underground through a pipeline.
The existing foaming concrete surface filling process has high mechanization degree, low labor intensity of workers, no bleeding phenomenon of a filling body, and uniform up and down under the condition of deep filling, is used as an excellent filling material with low material consumption, low energy consumption, light weight and strength, and is mature and applied for many years in buildings, roads, mines and the like. However, the existing foamed concrete equipment has huge appearance volume, several tons of weight and inconvenience in transportation and installation due to the narrow and limited underground space of the existing mining construction, so the existing foamed concrete surface filling equipment cannot enter the mine at all and cannot realize construction operation in the underground limited space.
In view of the above, the existing foamed concrete surface filling equipment is scientifically and reasonably transformed, so that the existing foamed concrete surface filling equipment can directly enter a roadway of a mining area to move for construction and complete underground filling operation, can be used as a remedy and a substitute of the traditional mining filling construction mode, and can effectively solve a series of problems of high labor intensity, low operation efficiency, poor support stability, high investment cost, incapability of underground operation of a filling system and the like in the traditional mining filling construction mode.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a mining light concrete filling construction device. The construction device can directly enter the interior of a roadway of a mining area for mobile construction operation, is suitable for underground narrow operation space, and has a series of technical advantages of low labor intensity of workers, high operation efficiency, good construction safety, low investment cost, simple structure, convenience in operation and maintenance and the like.
In order to solve the problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a mining light concrete filling construction device is characterized in that a main body structure of the mining light concrete filling construction device comprises a closed material turnover device, a closed pulping system and a main control conveyor, wherein the closed material turnover device is used for bearing and conveying cement dry powder, the closed pulping system is used for stirring the cement dry powder into cement paste, and the main control conveyor is used for mixing the cement paste with foam to generate foam concrete and outputting the foam concrete;
the closed material turnover device comprises a hopper serving as a material carrying space and a closed inner sleeve, wherein the closed inner sleeve is sleeved in the hopper, the closed inner sleeve is designed into a foldable and storable flexible structure, the top of the closed inner sleeve is provided with an extended feeding hole, and cement powder enters the closed inner sleeve through the feeding hole; one side of the closed inner sleeve is provided with a discharge channel communicated with the material lifting pipeline, and the discharge channel is of a hard structure embedded in the closed inner sleeve;
the closed pulping system comprises a stirring pulping device, a dust isolation recoverer and a fully-closed powder lifting device; the totally-enclosed powder lifting device is arranged at the top of the stirring and pulping device, one end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device extends into the enclosed inner sleeve of the enclosed material turnover device through a material lifting pipeline, and the other end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device is communicated with the stirring and pulping device through a pipeline; the stirring and pulping device comprises a first stirring cabin and a second stirring cabin which are transversely juxtaposed and are of independent structures, stirring paddles are respectively arranged in the two stirring cabins, and the first stirring cabin is used as a first-stage stirring cabin and is designed to be a closed structure with a cement powder feeding port and a water inlet respectively; the second stirring cabin is used as a secondary stirring cabin and is provided with an openable observation window and a slurry outlet communicated with the main control conveyor; and slurry isolating nets serving as through passages between the first stirring cabin and the second stirring cabin are arranged at the bottoms of the first stirring cabin and the second stirring cabin.
The main control conveyor structurally comprises a built-in foam preparation system, a built-in hose extrusion pumping system and a mixer, wherein the feeding end of the built-in hose extrusion pumping system is connected with the discharging port of the closed pulping system through a feeding pipe, the discharging end of the built-in hose extrusion pumping system is communicated with a slurry inlet of the mixer to convey slurry of the closed pulping system into the mixer in a pressurized mode, a foam inlet of the mixer is communicated with the built-in foam preparation system to receive foam from the built-in foam preparation system, and after the slurry and the foam are fully mixed in the mixer, finished foam concrete is finally output through a finished product slurry outlet of the mixer to serve as a mine filling body.
The bottom of the frame bodies of the closed material turnover device, the closed pulping system and the main control conveyor is provided with rollers matched with the underground track, and the hanging connection or the separation is realized through a detachable hanging connection structure between the frame bodies.
One end of the built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system is connected with a discharge port of the closed pulping system through a feed pipe, and the slurry of the closed pulping system enters the built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system, is mixed with the foam entering the main control conveyor and then is output to the outside to form finished foam concrete.
The bottom surface of the hopper of the closed material turnover device is designed into a non-horizontal inclined structure, and the inclined structure has the function of collecting materials to one side of the discharge channel.
And a dust isolating recoverer is installed at the top of the first stirring cabin.
According to the dust-raising-prevention fully-closed construction device for the foamed concrete filling mining construction, the adopted closed material turnover device is a fully-closed soft material storage device, after the supply of bulk cement powder is completed, the material can be taken out of a mine car for folding and storage for recycling, the occupied space for compression and transportation is reduced, the occupied space of the closed material turnover device for a cage from a mine lifting ground is reduced, and the emptied mine car can still continue to complete ore lifting operation. The totally-enclosed powder lifting device and the enclosed material turnover device are connected in an airtight mode to finish powder conveying, so that the influence of the dust of the bulk cement on the operation environment can be avoided in the lifting and conveying process, and the waste of the bulk cement powder for construction caused by scattering can be reduced. The closed pulping device adopts a double-compartment structure, a slurry isolation net is arranged between two compartments, a fully-closed powder lifting device capable of effectively isolating serious dust emission can lift the cement dry powder entering one compartment of the closed pulping device, the two compartments of the closed pulping device are used for inspecting the slurry condition to be a dust-free operation environment, and the slurry preparation work is completed under the dust-free state. The closed pulping device is provided with a dust isolation recovery part, so that positive pressure release in a compartment of the closed pulping device can be relieved in the bulk cement powder extraction process, the scattering of bulk cement dust is reduced, and a dust-free working environment in the filling construction process is realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1: the construction device of the invention has a schematic overall structure;
FIG. 2: the structure schematic diagram of the closed material turnover device;
FIG. 3: the structure schematic diagram of the main control conveyor;
in the figure, 1, a main control conveyor, 11, a built-in foam preparation system, 12, a mixer, 12a, a slurry inlet, 12b, a foam inlet, 12c, a finished product slurry outlet, 2, a closed pulping system, 3, a closed material turnover device, 31, a closed inner sleeve, 32, a feed inlet, 33, a discharge channel, 34, an inclined structure, 4, a fully-closed powder lifting device, 5, a built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system, 6, rollers, 7, a dust isolation recoverer, 8, a slurry isolation net, 81, a first stirring cabin, 82, a second stirring cabin, 83 and a feed inlet.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
A mining light concrete filling construction device mainly comprises a closed material turnover device 3 used for bearing and conveying cement dry powder, a closed pulping system 2 used for stirring the cement dry powder into cement paste and a main control conveyor 1 used for mixing the cement paste and foam to generate foam concrete and outputting the foam concrete outwards according to a construction flow. The closed material turnover device 3 is communicated with the closed pulping system 2 through a fully-closed powder lifting device 4, the fully-closed powder lifting device 4 is communicated with the closed material turnover device 3 through a feeding pipeline of the fully-closed powder lifting device, and the fully-closed powder lifting device 4 is communicated with the closed pulping system 2 through a discharging pipeline of the fully-closed powder lifting device; the totally-enclosed powder lifting device adopts the conventional structure and has the function of lifting and conveying the dry cement powder in the enclosed turnover device 3 into the enclosed pulping system 2 by power; the closed pulping system 2 is connected with the main control conveyor 1 through a built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system 5, one end of the built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system 5 is connected with a discharge port of the closed pulping system 2 through a feed pipe, and slurry of the closed pulping system 2 enters the built-in hose extrusion pump conveying system 5, is mixed with foam entering the main control conveyor 1 and then is output to the outside to form finished foam concrete. Considering that it is convenient to move in the pit, the bottom of the frame body of the above three components is provided with the roller 6 matched with the underground track, and a detachable hanging structure is arranged between the frame bodies of the three components, so that the walking movement of the whole device under necessary conditions is facilitated.
For the closed material turnover device 3, the multifunctional turnover device is set to be a recyclable multifunctional turnover device, namely, on one hand, the multifunctional turnover device is used as a part of an integral construction device, bulk cement is loaded from a ground bulk cement tank by the multifunctional turnover device, and then cement powder required by construction is conveyed to the underground by matching with an empty mine vehicle descending from a mine; on the other hand, the device is used as a turnover device for bearing ores and provides the outward lifting of underground ore materials. When the design scheme is adopted, the problem to be solved is how to avoid mutual doping between residual cement powder and slag in the conversion and use process. For this purpose, the embodiment adopts a closed type inner sleeve 31 which is lined in the hopper of the mine car, the closed type inner sleeve 31 adopts a flexible structure which can be folded and stored as a main body, the top of the closed type inner sleeve 31 is provided with an extended feeding hole 32, and cement powder enters the closed type inner sleeve 31 through the feeding hole 32; the closed inner sleeve 31 is further provided with a discharging channel 33 which is used for being sleeved with the material lifting pipeline, the discharging channel 33 is a hard structure which is embedded in the closed inner sleeve, and the function of the discharging channel 33 is that a barrier-free supporting guide channel is formed for the material lifting pipeline which extends into the closed inner sleeve 31 in a material loading state, so that the material lifting pipeline of the totally-closed powder lifting device 4 can stably and smoothly extend into the closed inner sleeve 31. The closed inner sleeve is designed into a flexible structure capable of being folded and stored, so that on one hand, after bulk cement powder is supplied, the bulk cement powder can be taken out from a mine car for folding and storing, the occupied space for transportation is compressed, and the occupied space of the whole closed material turnover device 3 for a cage from the mine lifting ground is reduced; on the other hand, the emptied mine car can still continue to complete the ore lifting operation. In addition, the closed material turnover device 3 of the embodiment has a non-horizontal inclined structure 34 on the bottom surface of the mine car, and the inclined structure 34 has a function of collecting materials to the discharging channel side.
The structure of the closed pulping system 2 of the embodiment comprises a pulping frame, a stirring pulping device arranged on the pulping frame, a dust isolation recoverer 7 and a totally-closed powder lifting device 4; the totally-enclosed powder lifting device 4 is arranged at the top of the stirring and pulping device, one end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device extends into the enclosed inner sleeve 31 of the enclosed material turnover device 3 through a material lifting pipeline, and the other end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device is communicated with the stirring and pulping device through a pipeline. For the closed pulping system 2, two key technical problems are mainly considered in the embodiment, one of which is to improve the dust pollution problem generated in the cement dry powder process and the pulping and stirring process; and secondly, the structure of the whole closed pulping system is optimally configured, so that the volume is maximally compressed and the space occupation is reduced on the basis of meeting the performance of the use requirement. Therefore, in the structural design of the stirring and pulping device, a first stirring cabin 81 and a second stirring cabin 82 which are transversely juxtaposed and have independent structures are adopted in the embodiment, stirring paddles are respectively arranged in the two stirring cabins, the first stirring cabin 81 is used as a primary stirring cabin and is designed to be a closed structure with a cement powder feeding port 83 and a water inlet, respectively, and cement dry powder and pulping water from a fully-closed powder lifting device enter the first stirring cabin through the feeding port 83 and the water inlet respectively; the second stirring chamber 82 is used as a second-stage stirring chamber and is provided with an openable observation window for monitoring the stirring degree of the slurry at any time; at the same time, there is a slurry outlet 84 communicating with the main control conveyor 1 for discharging slurry outwardly. Because first stirring cabin 81 and second stirring cabin 82 are independent separately, consequently the raise dust that produces in the stirring process only produces in first stirring cabin inside, because of first stirring cabin is closed structure again, has effectively avoided the raise dust to spread to the outside, and recoverer 7 is kept apart to the dust of installation at the top of first stirring cabin not only can provide the breathing in the twinkling of an eye of pan feeding, can effectively adsorb the recovery to the raise dust that produces in the stirring process moreover. The bottom of first stirring cabin and second stirring cabin has seted up thick liquids separation net 8, and this thick liquids separation net 8 is as the passageway that link up between two cabins, only can allow the thick liquids that have certain mobility to pass through, therefore it can effectively block the inside dry powder of first stirring cabin and get into the second and stir thick liquids. With the continuous stirring of the slurry in the first stirring chamber, part of the slurry is collected into the second stirring chamber through the slurry separation net 8, and the stirring is continued in the second stirring chamber until the pulping process is completed.
The main control conveyor 1 of the embodiment is used for supplying power and performing centralized control on the whole construction device, and structurally comprises a built-in foam preparation system 11, a built-in hose extruding and pumping system 5 and a mixer 12, wherein one end of the mixer 12 is communicated with the built-in hose extruding and pumping system 5 through a slurry inlet 12a and is used for receiving slurry from a closed pulping system, the other end of the mixer 12 is communicated with the built-in foam preparation system 11 through a foam inlet 12b and is used for receiving foam from the built-in foam preparation system, and after the slurry and the foam are fully mixed in the mixer 12, finished foam concrete is finally output through a finished product slurry outlet 12c and is used as a mine filling body.
The construction master control conveyer 1 of this embodiment, install whole construction system's power supply interface module in concentrated, because of being in the great underground environment of humidity for a long time, consequently, its power supply interface module all adopts the connector part of high protection level, adopt the only mode that corresponds of different regulations, the quick convenient and stable corresponding connection relation who has greatly made things convenient for the field installation to use, the waterproof instrument case of concentrated installation adopts the airtight installation of IP68 protection level, transparent visual shell has, have the running state monitoring ability of protection concurrently, waterproof control box adopts the switch of full protection, can adapt to the high temperature and high humidity operation environment under the mine for a long time, all circuits in the host computer all adopt terminal confined totally-enclosed connection to handle, when satisfying the high temperature and high humidity operation environment under the mine, also improve whole life and reliability of equipment.
The mining light concrete filling construction device breaks through the established idea that the traditional mining filling equipment can only be established on the earth surface, revolutionarily uses the foamed concrete as the mining underground filling body, and changes the foamed concrete construction equipment for earth surface filling into underground mining filling, so that the technical limitation that the existing earth surface filling system cannot carry out underground construction operation is overcome; on the basis, the structure of the construction equipment is pertinently improved in the aspect of dust prevention aiming at the special construction environment in the closed space under the mine, and the influence of the cement dust on the construction environment and constructors in the mine is effectively avoided. The investment cost in the early stage of construction is greatly reduced, long pipelines do not need to be laid on the ground surface, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, and the construction efficiency is improved.
The invention can be used for filling construction under the mine, and the comprehensive cost is low; the method can be applied to underground mine filling and ground concrete filling. The construction device has light weight and compact overall dimension, is suitable for flexibly moving in mine hoisting cages and roadways, is used in a combined connection mode, and can reach stopes near all rail roadways for filling construction operation. The filling construction device provided by the invention has the advantages that the used pipelines, equipment and equipment are far less than those of the devices in the prior art, only 3-4 operators are needed, the daily maintenance amount of the equipment is reduced by 95%, and the operation cost is obviously reduced. The filling construction device disclosed by the invention is used for carrying out foamed concrete filling mining construction, can finish foamed concrete products with different volume-weight ratios of 500-1200 kg, has the advantages of both strength and light weight, can obtain excellent engineering performance of underground filling construction, and greatly saves construction materials and material cost.
It should be understood that the present embodiment is described only with reference to the inventive structural features of the present invention, and the functional devices, such as the totally enclosed powder lifting device 4, the internal hose extrusion pump delivery system 5 and the internal foam making system 11, which are related to the present embodiment but do not disclose specific structural components are all the prior art which can achieve the same functional effect in the field.

Claims (5)

1. The mining light concrete filling construction device is characterized in that a main body structure of the mining light concrete filling construction device comprises a closed material turnover device, a closed pulping system and a main control conveyor, wherein the closed material turnover device is used for bearing and conveying cement dry powder, the closed pulping system is used for stirring the cement dry powder into cement paste, and the main control conveyor is used for mixing the cement paste with foam to generate foam concrete and outputting the foam concrete;
the closed material turnover device comprises a hopper serving as a material carrying space and a closed inner sleeve, wherein the closed inner sleeve is sleeved in the hopper, the closed inner sleeve is designed into a foldable and storable flexible structure, the top of the closed inner sleeve is provided with an extended feeding hole, and cement powder enters the closed inner sleeve through the feeding hole; one side of the closed inner sleeve is provided with a discharge channel communicated with the material lifting pipeline, and the discharge channel is of a hard structure embedded in the closed inner sleeve;
the closed pulping system comprises a stirring pulping device, a dust isolation recoverer and a fully-closed powder lifting device; the totally-enclosed powder lifting device is arranged at the top of the stirring and pulping device, one end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device extends into the enclosed inner sleeve of the enclosed material turnover device through a material lifting pipeline, and the other end of the totally-enclosed powder lifting device is communicated with the stirring and pulping device through a pipeline; the stirring and pulping device comprises a first stirring cabin and a second stirring cabin which are transversely juxtaposed and are of independent structures, stirring paddles are respectively arranged in the two stirring cabins, and the first stirring cabin is used as a first-stage stirring cabin and is designed to be a closed structure with a cement powder feeding port and a water inlet respectively; the second stirring cabin is used as a secondary stirring cabin and is provided with an openable observation window and a slurry outlet communicated with the main control conveyor; and slurry isolating nets serving as through passages between the first stirring cabin and the second stirring cabin are arranged at the bottoms of the first stirring cabin and the second stirring cabin.
2. The mining lightweight concrete filling construction device according to claim 1,
the main control conveyor structurally comprises a built-in foam preparation system, a built-in hose extrusion pumping system and a mixer, wherein a feeding end of the built-in hose extrusion pumping system is connected with a discharging port of the closed pulping system through a feeding pipe, a discharging end of the built-in hose extrusion pumping system is communicated with a feeding end of the mixer to convey slurry of the closed pulping system into the mixer in a pressurized mode, the other feeding end of the mixer is communicated with the built-in foam preparation system to receive foam from the built-in foam preparation system, and after the slurry and the foam are fully mixed in the mixer, finished foam concrete is finally output to serve as a mine filling body.
3. The mining lightweight concrete filling construction device according to claim 1,
the bottom of the frame bodies of the closed material turnover device, the closed pulping system and the main control conveyor is provided with rollers matched with the underground track, and the hanging connection or the separation is realized through a detachable hanging connection structure between the frame bodies.
4. The mining lightweight concrete filling construction device according to claim 1,
the bottom surface of the hopper of the closed material turnover device is designed into a non-horizontal inclined structure, and the inclined structure has the function of collecting materials to one side of the discharge channel.
5. The mining lightweight concrete filling construction device according to claim 1,
and a dust isolating recoverer is installed at the top of the first stirring cabin.
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