Agricultural fruit corn grain discharging equipment
The invention relates to grain discharging equipment, in particular to agricultural fruit and corn grain discharging equipment.
Need make quick-freeze kernel of corn in large-scale mill, nevertheless need to spend a large amount of personnel will pick the maize of accomplishing and skin, put the maize again and will thresh the maize in the machine, nevertheless in the manufacturing process to the kernel of corn, often can be by the machine damage afterbody during the maize for the cost of people's refabrication kernel of corn improves, and sometimes also can thresh incompletely, makes workman's efficiency reduce.
The patent application: CN201620091412.5, published as 20160129, discloses a corn thresher, which comprises a frame, a positioning plate fixed on the frame and a box body arranged on the positioning plate through nuts, wherein the box body comprises an outer box and an inner box, the outer box is communicated with a feeding hopper, and the side edge of the outer box is communicated with a waste material port; the middle part of the positioning plate is fixedly connected with a driving mechanism through a bolt; a discharging hopper is fastened on the rack through bolts and is communicated with a corn grain outlet arranged on the rack; the lower end of the frame is provided with a motor support frame which can be provided with a rotating motor, and the rotating motor drives the inner box to rotate; the side surface of the rack is also connected with a control box bracket, and an electric control box is arranged on the control box bracket; in the working process of the corn thresher, corn cobs enter a gap between an outer box and an inner box of a threshing cylinder through a feeding hopper, the inner box of the threshing cylinder is driven by a rotating motor to rotate rapidly, meanwhile, a positioning plate is arranged on the threshing cylinder, a driving mechanism capable of threshing the corn is arranged on the positioning plate, a corn fixing cone on the driving mechanism is used for fixing the corn cobs, the corn cobs are threshed through a vibrating shovel connected with a rotor port of a vibrating motor, the threshed corn cobs are conveyed out from a waste material port through the rotating action of the inner box of the threshing cylinder, and the corn kernels are discharged through a discharge port; however, when the equipment is operated again, the corn kernels cannot be cleaned, secondary processing is needed, and the time consumption is large.
To sum up, consume manpower and material resources when threshing to the maize, the problem that the cost is higher and work efficiency is low designs an automatic agricultural fruit maize grain discharging device who threshes the maize to can reduce the cost of maize.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of manpower and material resource consumption, higher cost and low working efficiency in the corn threshing process, the invention has the technical problems that: provides an agricultural fruit corn kernel discharging device which can automatically thresh corn and reduce the cost of the corn.
The technical scheme is as follows: the utility model provides an agricultural fruit maize goes out a equipment, is equipped with on the left side on the base and shells a mechanism including base, shell a mechanism, pushing equipment and pushing down the mechanism, and the left side top is equipped with pushing equipment on the base, is equipped with pushing down the mechanism on the base on the left part top rear side.
Further, the grain stripping mechanism comprises a servo motor, a rotating shaft, a bearing seat, a fixed turntable, a cutter and a transmission assembly, the servo motor is arranged in the middle of the left side of the base, the rotating shaft is connected to an output shaft of the servo motor, the fixed turntable is rotatably arranged in the middle of the base, the bearing seat is arranged on the fixed turntable and fixedly connected with the base, the cutter is arranged at the top of the fixed turntable, and the transmission assembly is arranged between the fixed turntable and the rotating shaft.
Further, the pushing mechanism comprises a blanking box, first telescopic rods, arc-shaped push blocks, first material blocking plates and first springs, the blanking box is arranged at the top of the upper left side of the base, the first telescopic rods are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the inner portion of the blanking box, the arc-shaped push blocks are arranged on the right side between the two first telescopic rods, the inner portion of the blanking box is connected with the arc-shaped push blocks in a sliding mode, the first material blocking plates are arranged at the bottom of the right side of the blanking box, the first springs are sleeved on the two first telescopic rods, and two ends of each first spring are connected with the inner portion of the blanking box and.
Further, the pressing mechanism comprises a supporting plate, an air cylinder, a pushing plate and a second material retaining plate, the supporting plate is arranged at the rear part of the upper right side of the base and located on the rear side of the blanking box, the air cylinder is arranged on the front side of the supporting plate, the second material retaining plate is arranged on the supporting plate in a sliding mode, and the pushing plate is arranged on the right side of the bottom of the second material retaining plate.
Further explain, still including sieve material mechanism, sieve material mechanism is including the support column, the direction bracing piece, the pin, the sieve case, the sieve, direction subassembly and first handle, equal bilateral symmetry is equipped with the support column around the right part on the base, all be equipped with the direction bracing piece between two support columns of front side and between two support columns of rear side, all be equipped with the pin between two left support columns and between two support columns on right side, be equipped with the sieve case between the direction bracing piece of front side and the direction bracing piece of rear side, sieve incasement portion slidingtype is equipped with the sieve, both sides all are equipped with the direction subassembly around the sieve incasement portion, the sieve is connected with direction subassembly slidingtype, sieve case right side wall middle part is equipped with first handle.
Further explain, still including the feeding agencies, feeding agencies is including the fixed plate, the connecting block, the fixed block, second telescopic link and second spring, both sides all are equipped with the fixed plate around sieve case downside right part outer wall, both sides all are equipped with the connecting block around the sieve right part, two connecting block tops all are equipped with the fixed block, are equipped with the second telescopic link between fixed block and the fixed plate, the cover has the second spring on the second telescopic link, the second spring both ends are connected with fixed block and fixed plate respectively.
Further explaining, still including receiving agencies, receiving agencies is including receiving workbin, guide rail and second handle, and the right-hand left and right sides all is equipped with the guide rail on the base, and two guide rails gliding style are equipped with and receive the workbin, and the receiving workbin front side is equipped with the second handle.
Further, the blanking box is made of aluminum alloy, the length of the blanking box is consistent with that of the upper part of the base, and a small opening is formed in the blanking box.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: 1. according to the corn thresher, the threshing mechanism and the pushing mechanism are matched, so that a motor is started, the corn is pushed by the arc-shaped push block to be threshed by the cutter, and the corn kernels are collected, so that the efficiency of workers is improved.
2. According to the corn thresher, the pushing mechanism is matched with the pressing mechanism, so that people open the air cylinder to enable the arc-shaped pushing block to push corns, and threshing is carried out through the rotating cutter, so that corn kernels can be rapidly output, and the labor intensity of people is reduced.
3. According to the corn cob separator, the corn cob peeling mechanism and the screening mechanism are matched, when the corn cobs are separated from the corn cobs by the cutter, people shake the screening box to enable the corn cobs on the screening plate to slide, so that the corn cobs are further separated, and the cost is reduced.
4. The invention is provided with the material taking mechanism, so that people can take the corncobs more conveniently, and the efficiency of the people is improved.
5. According to the invention, through the mutual matching of the material taking mechanism and the material receiving mechanism, the collection of the corncobs and the corn kernels by the workers is more convenient and labor-saving.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the threshing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional three-dimensional structure diagram of the pushing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional three-dimensional structure diagram of the pressing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the material sieving mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional perspective view of a material taking mechanism according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the receiving mechanism of the present invention.
Reference numbers in the drawings: 1: a base, 2: grain stripping mechanism, 21: servo motor, 22: rotating shaft, 23: bearing seat, 24: fixed turntable, 25: cutter, 26: transmission assembly, 3: pushing equipment, 31: a blanking box, 32: first telescopic link, 33: arc-shaped push block, 34: first striker plate, 35: first spring, 4: pressing mechanism, 41: support plate, 42: cylinder, 43: push plate, 44: second fender, 5: screening mechanism, 51: support column, 52: guide support bar, 53: pin, 54: sieve box, 55: sieve plate, 56: guide assembly, 57: first handle, 6: material taking mechanism, 61: fixing plate, 62: connecting block, 63: fixed block, 64: second telescopic link, 65: second spring, 7: receiving agencies, 71: a material receiving box, 72: guide rail, 73: a second handle.
The present invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which presently preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided for completeness and fully convey the scope of the invention to the skilled person.
An agricultural fruit corn kernel discharging device is shown in figures 1-4 and comprises a base 1, a kernel peeling mechanism 2, a pushing mechanism 3 and a pressing mechanism 4, wherein the kernel peeling mechanism 2 is arranged on the left side of the base 1, the pushing mechanism 3 is arranged on the top of the left side of the base 1, and the pressing mechanism 4 is arranged on the rear side of the top end of the left portion of the base 1.
When people need to peel off corn grains, people manually pull the pushing mechanism 3, the complete corn is placed in the pushing mechanism 3, the corn is pushed through the pushing mechanism 3, at the moment, people open the grain peeling mechanism 2 and the pressing mechanism 4, the corn moves downwards through the pressing mechanism 4, when the corn is on the grain peeling mechanism 2, the corn grains are peeled off through the grain peeling mechanism 2, the corn grains drop on the base 1, people collect the corn grains, when the next corn needs to be peeled off, people reverse the pressing mechanism 4, the pressing mechanism 4 moves upwards, then the new corn is placed in the pushing mechanism 3, the new corn moves downwards through the pressing mechanism 4, and when people do not need to peel off the corn grains, people close the grain peeling mechanism 2 and the pressing mechanism 4.
Grain stripping mechanism 2 is including servo motor 21, pivot 22, bearing frame 23, fixed rotating disc 24, cutter 25 and transmission assembly 26, the middle part is equipped with servo motor 21 on the base 1 left side, be connected with pivot 22 on servo motor 21's the output shaft, the middle part rotary type is equipped with fixed rotating disc 24 on the base 1, be equipped with bearing frame 23 on the fixed rotating disc 24, bearing frame 23 and 1 fixed connection of base, fixed rotating disc 24 top is equipped with cutter 25, be equipped with transmission assembly 26 between fixed rotating disc 24 and the pivot 22.
When people's maize was placed in pushing equipment 3, servo motor 21 was opened to people, the output shaft of motor drives pivot 22 and rotates, then drive transmission assembly 26 and rotate, make fixed turntable 24 rotate on bearing frame 23, thereby make cutter 25 rotate, when pushing down mechanism 4 with maize downstream, make the kernel of corn be peeled off on base 1 by the cutting, the corncob falls on base 1 of lower part through fixed turntable 24, people collect kernel of corn and corncob this moment, when people need not go out the operation to the maize, people close servo motor 21 can.
Pushing equipment 3 is including unloading case 31, first telescopic link 32, arc ejector pad 33, first striker plate 34 and first spring 35, base 1 goes up the left side top and is equipped with unloading case 31, both sides all are equipped with first telescopic link 32 about the unloading case 31 is inside, the right side is equipped with arc ejector pad 33 between two first telescopic links 32, the inside and arc ejector pad 33 sliding connection of unloading case 31, unloading case 31 right side bottom is equipped with first striker plate 34, it has first spring 35 all to overlap on two first telescopic links 32, two first spring 35 both ends all are connected with the inside and arc ejector pad 33 of unloading case 31 respectively.
When people need go out a grain operation to the maize, people manually move arc ejector pad 33 left, make first telescopic link 32 by the shrink, first spring 35 is compressed, people place the maize in workbin 31 down this moment, people relax arc ejector pad 33, make first spring 35 reset, then drive first telescopic link 32 and remove right, make arc ejector pad 33 promote the maize, 4 downstream on pushing down the mechanism this moment, with the maize through first striker plate 34 downstream, make the maize be cut by cutter 25 and shell out, after the maize cutting is accomplished, if people still need cut the maize, people place new maize in workbin 31 again can.
The pushing mechanism 4 comprises a supporting plate 41, an air cylinder 42, a pushing plate 43 and a second material blocking plate 44, the supporting plate 41 is arranged on the rear portion of the upper right side of the base 1, the supporting plate 41 is located on the rear side of the blanking box 31, the air cylinder 42 is arranged on the front side of the supporting plate 41, the second material blocking plate 44 is arranged on the supporting plate 41 in a sliding mode, and the pushing plate 43 is arranged on the right side of the bottom of the second material blocking plate 44.
When people need to cut the corns, the air cylinders 42 are opened, the output shafts of the air cylinders 42 push the push plates 43 to move downwards, the second material blocking plates 44 move downwards, the corns are separated through the second material blocking plates 44 and cut downwards one by one, then the push plates 43 drive the corns to move downwards, then the corns are cut and stripped through the rotation of the cutter 25, the corn kernels drop on the base 1, people collect the corn kernels, if people need to cut the corns, the air cylinders 42 are reversed, the output shafts of the air cylinders 42 drive the push plates 43 and the second material blocking plates 44 to move upwards, further the uncut corns are pushed into the first material blocking plates 34 through the arc-shaped push plates 43, then the air cylinders 42 are rotated forwards, so that the push plates 43 push the uncut corns downwards, when people do not need to cut the corns, one turns off the pneumatic cylinder 42 so that the push plate 43 no longer pushes the corn.
On the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 5 to 7, the device further includes a material sieving mechanism 5, the material sieving mechanism 5 includes support columns 51, guide support rods 52, stop rods 53, a sieve box 54, a sieve plate 55, guide components 56 and a first handle 57, the support columns 51 are symmetrically arranged on the right portion of the base 1 in the front-back direction, the guide support rods 52 are arranged between the two support columns 51 on the front side and between the two support columns 51 on the rear side, the stop rods 53 are arranged between the two support columns 51 on the left side and between the two support columns 51 on the right side, the sieve box 54 is arranged between the guide support rods 52 on the front side and the guide support rods 52 on the rear side, the sieve plate 55 is slidably arranged inside the sieve box 54, the guide components 56 are arranged on the front-back side and inside the sieve box 54, the sieve plate 55 is slidably connected with the guide components 56, and the.
Drop in sieve case 54 when the kernel of corn through base 1, the corncob drops when sieve 55, in order to make the kernel of corn can collect completely, people pass through first handle 57 and manually control pulling sieve case 54 this moment, make sieve case 54 drive sieve 55 side-to-side motion, then drive the corncob and rock on sieve 55, make the kernel of corn drop on base 1, and then people are manual with direction subassembly 56 rebound, make sieve 55 upward movement, thereby drive the corncob rebound on the sieve 55, people take out the corncob from sieve 55 this moment, collect the kernel of corn on the base 1 simultaneously.
Still including extracting mechanism 6, extracting mechanism 6 is including fixed plate 61, connecting block 62, fixed block 63, second telescopic link 64 and second spring 65, both sides all are equipped with fixed plate 61 around sieve case 54 downside right part outer wall, both sides all are equipped with connecting block 62 around sieve 55 right part, two connecting block 62 tops all are equipped with fixed block 63, be equipped with second telescopic link 64 between fixed block 63 and the fixed plate 61, the cover has second spring 65 on the second telescopic link 64, second spring 65 both ends are connected with fixed block 63 and fixed plate 61 respectively.
In order to make people more conveniently take out the corncob, people manually stimulate fixed block 63, then make second telescopic link 64 stretched, second spring 65 is stretched, and then make connecting block 62 drive sieve 55 upward movement, thereby drive corncob rebound, people take out the corncob this moment, after the corncob takes out, people no longer stimulate fixed block 63, make second spring 65 reset, then drive second telescopic link 64 and reset, thereby make connecting block 62 and sieve 55 reset.
The material receiving mechanism 7 comprises a material receiving box 71, guide rails 72 and a second handle 73, the guide rails 72 are arranged on the left side and the right side of the base 1, the material receiving box 71 is arranged on the two guide rails 72 in a sliding mode, and the second handle 73 is arranged on the front side of the material receiving box 71.
In order to make the kernel of corn better collect, drop when receiving workbin 71 through the screening of sieve 55 when the kernel of corn, people's manual pulling second handle 73 for receive workbin 71 and slide forward through guide rail 72, then people collect the kernel of corn in the receipts workbin 71, collect the completion back when receiving workbin 71's kernel of corn, people place receipts workbin 71 on guide rail 72 again, thereby the convenience is collected the maize.
The blanking box 31 is made of aluminum alloy, the length of the blanking box 31 is consistent with that of the upper part of the base 1, and a small opening is formed in the blanking box.
The inside but the internal amplification volume maize of workbin 31 for can thresh the maize fast, the material aluminum alloy makes the maize not harmd.
The above-mentioned embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, which are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and therefore, all equivalent changes made by the contents of the claims of the present invention should be included in the claims of the present invention.