CN112403023A - Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine - Google Patents

Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112403023A
CN112403023A CN202011279336.8A CN202011279336A CN112403023A CN 112403023 A CN112403023 A CN 112403023A CN 202011279336 A CN202011279336 A CN 202011279336A CN 112403023 A CN112403023 A CN 112403023A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ethanol
pipe
extraction
jar
extraction tank
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Pending
Application number
CN202011279336.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨正书
杨薇
丁雄
薛安平
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Yunnan Dianyao Medicine Health Industry Co ltd
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Yunnan Dianyao Medicine Health Industry Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011279336.8A priority Critical patent/CN112403023A/en
Publication of CN112403023A publication Critical patent/CN112403023A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • B01D11/028Flow sheets
    • B01D11/0284Multistage extraction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • B01D11/0261Solvent extraction of solids comprising vibrating mechanisms, e.g. mechanical, acoustical
    • B01D11/0265Applying ultrasound
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • B01D11/0292Treatment of the solvent

Abstract

The invention discloses a device and a method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicines, and particularly relates to the field of pharmaceutical and chemical extraction devices. According to the invention, through the integrated equipment of the soaking device, the heating device, the ultrasonic generating device and the ethanol recovery equipment, three-wheel extraction process is carried out in an air pressure pressurized environment, so that the effective substance precipitation efficiency of the material is improved, compared with the traditional single cooking, high-temperature extraction, distillation extraction and ultrasonic extraction modes, the progressive effective substance extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine is carried out, the problem of longer production period caused by extraction only by using a water cooking mode can be shortened, the effective components of the traditional Chinese medicine are fully extracted, the problem of residue blockage can be avoided, and the integrated equipment is arranged into the integrated equipment.

Description

Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of pharmaceutical chemical extraction equipment, in particular to traditional Chinese medicine effective component extraction equipment and an extraction method thereof.
Background
The chemical components of the traditional Chinese medicine are very complex, and not only contain various effective components, but also have ineffective components and also contain toxic components. Extracting the effective components of the effective monomers, and further separating and purifying the effective components to obtain the effective monomers is an important content in the research field of traditional Chinese medicines. The extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine is to extract the effective components in the traditional Chinese medicine to the maximum extent by utilizing certain technologies, so that the internal quality and the clinical treatment effect of the traditional Chinese medicine preparation are improved, and the effect of the traditional Chinese medicine is exerted to the maximum extent. Traditional centrifugation, plate filtration method, clarifier method, alcohol precipitation method, resin adsorption method and other processes can't carry out effectual clarification and purification to traditional chinese medicine extract, still exist simultaneously if the filtration difficulty blocks up soon, the hole is blocked to the resin, alcohol precipitation solvent consumes greatly, the energy consumption is high during high temperature concentration, the production is drawed waste water volume is big, cause the problem such as environmental protection burden, and the extraction efficiency of current purification device is lower and extract the effective material cycle too long, thereby very big reduction produce the extraction volume and prolonged production cycle, be unfavorable for large batch volume production industrial mass production.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the above defects in the prior art, the embodiment of the invention provides a device and a method for extracting effective ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine, and the technical problems to be solved by the invention are as follows: how to solve the problem that the extraction effect of the existing traditional Chinese medicinal material extraction device is poor and the extraction period is too long.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a traditional Chinese medicine active ingredient extraction device comprises an integrated extraction tank, wherein one side of the integrated extraction tank is provided with an ethanol storage tank, the other side of the integrated extraction tank is provided with a microwave low-temperature vacuum drying machine, an ethanol supplement pipe is fixedly arranged between the top end of the integrated extraction tank and the ethanol storage tank, a material pump is fixedly arranged on the ethanol supplement pipe, an ethanol recovery pipe is fixedly arranged between the bottom end of the integrated extraction tank and the ethanol storage tank, an air inlet pipe and an water inlet pipe are also arranged at the top end of the integrated extraction tank, a material conveying pipe is fixedly arranged between the bottom end of one side of the integrated extraction tank and the microwave low-temperature vacuum drying machine, one end of each of the ethanol supplement pipe, the ethanol recovery pipe, the air inlet pipe, the water inlet pipe and the material conveying pipe penetrates through the integrated extraction tank to be connected with an inner cavity of the integrated extraction tank, and, the bottom of the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank is provided with a centrifugal transmission disc, a first transmission motor is fixedly arranged at the center of the bottom end of the centrifugal transmission disc, the first transmission motor is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the comprehensive extraction tank, an output shaft is fixedly connected with the centrifugal transmission disc, a heater is arranged on the outer side of the centrifugal transmission disc, an ultrasonic generator is arranged on the inner wall of the middle part of the comprehensive extraction tank, a top cover is detachably and movably arranged at the top end of the comprehensive extraction tank, a second transmission motor is fixedly arranged at the center of the top cover, a crushing stirring shaft is arranged at the center of the bottom of the top cover, one end of the crushing stirring shaft penetrates through the top plate and is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the second transmission motor, a crushing bin is arranged on;
the crushing bin comprises a bin shell, a plurality of through holes are uniformly formed in the outer wall of the bottom of the bin shell and the bottom of the bin shell, a main body cover frame is movably arranged inside the bin shell, a filter screen is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the main body cover frame, the main body cover frame comprises main body ribs, and an outer lining layer is fixedly arranged outside the main body ribs.
In a preferred embodiment, the top cover comprises a cover plate, two operating handles are fixedly arranged at the top of the cover plate, and fixing threads are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the cover plate.
In a preferred embodiment, synthesize and draw jar including a jar body, jar body bottom is fixed and is equipped with the supporting leg, jar side wall is fixed and is equipped with perspective window, perspective window is made by inorganic glass material, jar body top is equipped with the apron junction and places the mouth, place mouth and apron thread tightening, it is equipped with the barometer to place a mouthful one side, the barometer output sets up in jar internal chamber, it is greater than broken (mixing) shaft external diameter to place a mouthful internal diameter.
In a preferred embodiment, the heater and the ultrasonic generator are both in the shape of a circular ring, the inner diameter of the heater is larger than the outer diameter of the centrifugal transmission disc, the comprehensive extraction tank is further provided with an electronic thermometer, and the detection end of the electronic thermometer is arranged in the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank.
In a preferred embodiment, the first transmission motor and the second transmission motor are arranged as motors with opposite power directions, and the filter screen is arranged as a 200-mesh screen.
In a preferred embodiment, a plurality of the control valves are provided as solenoid valves or manual regulating valves, the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer is provided as a full-automatic vacuum low-temperature continuous dryer (CS series), and the air inlet pipe and the water inlet pipe are respectively externally connected with an air pump and a water source.
The invention also comprises an extraction method of the traditional Chinese medicine effective component extraction equipment, which comprises the following specific extraction steps:
s1, crushing materials: cleaning the traditional Chinese medicinal materials to be processed, drying the materials for later use, taking out the top cover and the crushing stirring shaft from the position of the placing opening through the operating handle, placing the dried traditional Chinese medicinal materials into the crushing bin through the placing opening, covering the top cover, driving the crushing stirring shaft to rotate by the operation of a second transmission motor, and crushing the traditional Chinese medicinal materials;
s2, ethanol soaking:
s2.1: after the crushing work in the step S1 is finished, the material pumping pump works to convey the ethanol solution in the ethanol storage tank to the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank through the ethanol replenishing pipe, the ethanol inflow amount is observed through the perspective window, and the through hole of the crushing bin is ensured to be completely submerged below the liquid level of the ethanol solution;
s2.2: then the first driving motor works to drive the centrifugal transmission disc to rotate, so as to drive the ethanol solution in the comprehensive extraction tank to generate centrifugal action to form a swirling flow, and the crushed materials are soaked through the through holes and the filter screen to extract effective substances of the crushed materials;
s2.3: increasing the rotation speed of a first drive motor to enable ethanol and extracted effective substances to be layered, then opening control valves corresponding to an ethanol recovery pipe and an air inlet pipe, adding air into a comprehensive extraction tank for pressurization, recovering the ethanol through the ethanol recovery pipe and pressing the ethanol back into an ethanol storage tank, and conveying the residual extraction solution containing the extract and a small amount of ethanol into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer by opening the control valve corresponding to a material conveying pipe;
s2.4: repeating the step S2.1 to the step S2.3 once;
s3, soaking in water: opening a control valve corresponding to the water inlet pipe, adding water which does not pass through the through hole into the comprehensive extraction tank, heating and boiling the water by a heater according to the numerical value of an electronic thermometer, pressurizing the comprehensive extraction tank through an air inlet pipe during the heating and boiling, driving the crushing stirring shaft to work and rotate by the work of a second transmission motor to obtain two rounds of extracting solutions, and pressing the aqueous solution into the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer through the material conveying pipe by air pressure after the work is finished;
s4: ultrasonic water extraction: supplying water to the comprehensive extraction tank through a water inlet pipe, then generating ultrasonic waves by the work of an ultrasonic generator, carrying out ultrasonic water extraction on the crushed material residues to obtain three rounds of extracting solutions, and pressing the three rounds of extracting solutions into the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer through air inlet of an air inlet pipe;
s5, drying: and (3) carrying out microwave low-temperature vacuum drying on the first round of extracting solution, the second round of extracting solution and the third round of extracting solution inside by using a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer to obtain the final effective substance.
In a preferred embodiment, the rotational speed in step S2.2 is set to 240r/min and the rotational speed in step S2.3 is set to 360 r/min.
The invention has the technical effects and advantages that:
according to the invention, through the integrated equipment of the soaking device, the heating device, the ultrasonic generating device and the ethanol recovery device, three-wheel extraction process is carried out in an air pressure pressurized environment, so that the effective substance precipitation efficiency of materials is improved, compared with the traditional single cooking, high-temperature extraction, distillation extraction and ultrasonic extraction modes, the progressive effective substance extraction is carried out on the traditional Chinese medicinal materials, the loss of effective substances caused by the traditional high-temperature cooking mode only in the initial extraction stage is avoided, the problem of longer production period caused by the extraction only by the water cooking mode can be shortened, the residue of the traditional Chinese medicinal materials is retained in the crushing bin in the extraction process, the normal effective substance precipitation is not influenced, and the problem of residue blockage can be avoided.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an integrated extraction tank of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the cartridge case of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the main body cover frame of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the main body mask frame according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the top cover of the present invention.
The reference signs are: 1 comprehensive extraction tank, 101 tank body, 102 supporting legs, 103 perspective window, 104 placing port, 105 barometer, 2 ethanol storage tank, 3 microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer, 4 ethanol supplement pipe, 5 pump, 6 ethanol recovery pipe, 7 air inlet pipe, 8 water inlet pipe, 9 material delivery pipe, 10 control valve, 11 centrifugal drive disk, 12 first drive motor, 13 heater, 14 supersonic generator, 15 top cover, 151 cover plate, 152 operating handle, 16 second drive motor, 17 crushing stirring shaft, 18 crushing bin, 181 bin shell, 182 through hole, 183 main body cover frame, 184 filter screen, 185 main body rib, 186 outer lining layer.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a device for extracting effective ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines, which comprises a comprehensive extraction tank 1, wherein one side of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is provided with an ethanol storage tank 2, the other side of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is provided with a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3, an ethanol replenishing pipe 4 is fixedly arranged between the top end of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 and the ethanol storage tank 2, the ethanol replenishing pipe 4 is fixedly provided with a pumping pump 5, an ethanol recovery pipe 6 is fixedly arranged between the bottom end of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 and the ethanol storage tank 2, the top end of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is also provided with an air inlet pipe 7 and a water inlet pipe 8, a material conveying pipe 9 is fixedly arranged between the bottom end of one side of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 and the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3, the ethanol replenishing pipe 4, the ethanol recovery pipe 6, the air inlet pipe 7, the water inlet pipe 8 and one end of the material conveying pipe 9, the device is characterized in that the ethanol supplementing pipe 4, the ethanol recycling pipe 6, the air inlet pipe 7, the water inlet pipe 8 and the material conveying pipe 9 are correspondingly provided with control valves 10, the bottom of an inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is provided with a centrifugal transmission disc 11, the center of the bottom end of the centrifugal transmission disc 11 is fixedly provided with a first transmission motor 12, the first transmission motor 12 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the comprehensive extraction tank 1, an output shaft of the first transmission motor is fixedly connected with the centrifugal transmission disc 11, the outer side of the centrifugal transmission disc 11 is provided with a heater 13, the inner wall of the middle part of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is provided with an ultrasonic generator 14, the top end of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 is detachably and movably provided with a top cover 15, the center of the top cover 15 is fixedly provided with a second transmission motor 16, the center of the bottom of the top, a crushing bin 18 is arranged on the outer side of the crushing stirring shaft 17, and the heater 13, the ultrasonic generator 14 and the crushing bin 18 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the comprehensive extraction tank 1;
the crushing bin 18 comprises a bin shell 181, a plurality of through holes 182 are uniformly formed in the outer wall of the bottom of the bin shell 181 and the bottom of the bin shell 181, a main body cover frame 183 is movably arranged inside the bin shell 181, a filter screen 184 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the main body cover frame 183, the main body cover frame 183 comprises main body ribs 185, and an outer lining 186 is fixedly arranged outside the main body ribs 185.
The top cover 15 comprises a cover plate 151, two operating handles 152 are fixedly arranged at the top of the cover plate 151, fixed threads are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the cover plate 151, the comprehensive extraction tank 1 comprises a tank body 101, supporting legs 102 are fixedly arranged at the bottom of the tank body 101, a perspective window 103 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the tank body 101, the perspective window 103 is made of an inorganic glass material, a placing port 104 is arranged at the joint of the top of the tank body 101 and the cover plate 151, the placing port 104 is in threaded fixation with the cover plate 151, a barometer 105 is arranged on one side of the placing port 104, the output end of the barometer 105 is arranged in the inner cavity of the tank body 101, the inner diameter of the placing port 104 is larger than the outer diameter of the crushing stirring shaft 17, the shapes of the heater 13 and the ultrasonic generator 14 are both annular, the inner, the electronic thermometer detection end is arranged in the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank 1, the first transmission motor 12 and the second transmission motor 16 are arranged to be motors with the same power and the opposite rotation directions, the filter screen 184 is arranged to be a 200-mesh screen, the control valves 10 are arranged to be electromagnetic valves or manual regulating valves, the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3 is arranged to be a full-automatic vacuum low-temperature continuous dryer (CS series), and the air inlet pipe 7 and the water inlet pipe 8 are respectively externally connected with an air pump and a water source.
The invention also comprises an extraction method of the traditional Chinese medicine effective component extraction equipment, which comprises the following specific extraction steps:
s1, crushing materials: cleaning the traditional Chinese medicinal materials to be processed, drying the materials for later use, taking the top cover 15 and the crushing stirring shaft 17 out of the position of the placing opening 104 through the operating handle 152, placing the dried traditional Chinese medicinal materials into the crushing bin 18 through the placing opening 104, covering the top cover 15 with the cover, and driving the crushing stirring shaft 17 to rotate by the operation of the second transmission motor 16 so as to crush the traditional Chinese medicinal materials;
s2, ethanol soaking:
s2.1: after the crushing work in the step S1 is completed, the material pumping pump 5 works to convey the ethanol solution in the ethanol storage tank 2 to the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank 1 through the ethanol replenishing pipe 4, and the ethanol inflow amount is observed through the perspective window 103, so as to ensure that the through hole 182 of the crushing bin 18 is completely submerged below the liquid level of the ethanol solution;
s2.2: then the first driving motor 12 works to drive the centrifugal driving disc 11 to rotate at the rotating speed of 240r/min, so as to drive the ethanol solution in the comprehensive extraction tank 1 to generate centrifugal action to form a swirling flow, and the crushed materials are soaked through the through hole 182 and the filter screen 184 to extract effective substances of the crushed materials;
s2.3: increasing the rotating speed of a first drive motor 12 to increase the rotating speed to 360r/min, so that the ethanol and the extracted effective substances are layered, then opening control valves 10 corresponding to an ethanol recovery pipe 6 and an air inlet pipe 7, adding air and pressurizing to a comprehensive extraction tank 1, recovering the ethanol through the ethanol recovery pipe 6 and pressing back to an ethanol storage tank 2, and pressing the residual extraction solution containing the extract and a small amount of ethanol into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3 by opening the control valves 10 corresponding to a material conveying pipe 9;
s2.4: repeating the step S2.1 to the step S2.3 once;
s3, soaking in water: opening a control valve 10 corresponding to a water inlet pipe 8, adding water which does not pass through a through hole 182 into the comprehensive extraction tank 1, heating and boiling the water by a heater 13 according to the numerical value of an electronic thermometer, boosting the pressure into the comprehensive extraction tank 1 through an air inlet pipe 7 during the heating and boiling, driving a crushing stirring shaft 17 to work and rotate by a second transmission motor 16 to obtain two rounds of extracting solutions, and pressing the water solution into the microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3 through a material conveying pipe 9 by air pressure after the working is finished;
s4: ultrasonic water extraction: supplying water to the comprehensive extraction tank 1 through a water inlet pipe 8, then generating ultrasonic waves by the operation of an ultrasonic generator 14, carrying out ultrasonic water extraction on the crushed material residues to obtain three rounds of extracting solutions, and introducing air through an air inlet pipe 7 to press the extracting solutions into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3;
s5, drying: and (3) performing microwave low-temperature vacuum drying on the first round of extracting solution, the second round of extracting solution and the third round of extracting solution inside by using a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3 to obtain the final effective substance.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the embodiment specifically is as follows: the traditional Chinese medicinal materials are crushed, eluted twice by ethanol in a comprehensive extraction tank 1, the centrifugal substance extraction is carried out by a mode similar to the principle of a washing machine, then the ethanol is recovered, the water is eluted once again by a water heating mode, finally the ultrasonic water is extracted once, the three-wheel extraction process is carried out under the environment of air pressure pressurization, so that the effective substance precipitation efficiency of the materials is improved, then the extracting solution is pressed into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer 3 by air pressure, and vacuum drying is carried out by a microwave low-temperature mode, so that an integrated device is formed, compared with the traditional single steaming, high-temperature extraction, distillation extraction and ultrasonic extraction modes, the device has a three-wheel extraction mode, adopts a one-wheel leaching mode, a two-wheel hot water soaking mode and a three-wheel ultrasonic extraction mode, and carries out progressive effective substance extraction on the traditional Chinese medicinal materials, thereby avoiding the loss of effective substances caused by the traditional high-temperature steaming mode, it can shorten the longer problem of production cycle that only utilizes the production of poaching mode to draw that causes, carries out the formula of stepping on one by one and draws in the crushed aggregates of traditional chinese medicine, provides the effective substance eduction rate in the crushed aggregates of traditional chinese medicine, and draws the in-process chinese-medicinal material residue to be detained in broken storehouse 18, does not influence normal effective substance and appears, can avoid the problem of residue jam to take place again, and sets up integrated equipment, the person of facilitating the use's use with integrated device.
The points to be finally explained are: first, in the description of the present application, it should be noted that, unless otherwise specified and limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" should be understood broadly, and may be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection, or a communication between two elements, and may be a direct connection, and "upper," "lower," "left," and "right" are only used to indicate a relative positional relationship, and when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed, the relative positional relationship may be changed;
secondly, the method comprises the following steps: in the drawings of the disclosed embodiments of the invention, only the structures related to the disclosed embodiments are referred to, other structures can refer to common designs, and the same embodiment and different embodiments of the invention can be combined with each other without conflict;
and finally: the above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that are within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A traditional chinese medicine active ingredient draws equipment which characterized in that: including synthesizing and draw jar (1), it is equipped with ethanol storage jar (2) to synthesize and draw jar (1) one side, it is equipped with microwave low temperature vacuum drying machine (3) to synthesize and draw jar (1) opposite side, it fixes between jar (1) top and the ethanol storage jar (2) to synthesize and is equipped with ethanol replenishment pipe (4), it is equipped with pump (5) to fix on ethanol replenishment pipe (4), it is equipped with ethanol recovery pipe (6) to synthesize between jar (1) bottom and the ethanol storage jar (2), it still is equipped with intake pipe (7) and inlet tube (8) to synthesize and draw jar (1) top, synthesize and draw jar (1) one side bottom and microwave low temperature vacuum drying machine (3) between fixed be equipped with material conveyer pipe (9), ethanol replenishment pipe (4), ethanol recovery pipe (6), intake pipe (7), inlet tube (8) and material conveyer pipe (9) one end all run through and synthesize and draw jar (1) and synthesize (1) and draw jar (3) to synthesize (2 1) The inner chamber is connected, the ethanol supplementing pipe (4), the ethanol recycling pipe (6), the air inlet pipe (7), the water inlet pipe (8) and the material conveying pipe (9) are correspondingly provided with control valves (10), the bottom of the inner chamber of the comprehensive extraction tank (1) is provided with a centrifugal transmission disc (11), the center of the bottom end of the centrifugal transmission disc (11) is fixedly provided with a first transmission motor (12), the first transmission motor (12) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the comprehensive extraction tank (1) and an output shaft is fixedly connected with the centrifugal transmission disc (11), the outer side of the centrifugal transmission disc (11) is provided with a heater (13), the inner wall of the middle part of the comprehensive extraction tank (1) is provided with an ultrasonic generator (14), the top end of the comprehensive extraction tank (1) is detachably movably provided with a top cover (15), the center of the top cover (15) is, a crushing stirring shaft (17) is arranged at the center of the bottom of the top cover (15), one end of the crushing stirring shaft (17) penetrates through the top plate and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a second transmission motor (16), a crushing bin (18) is arranged on the outer side of the crushing stirring shaft (17), and the heater (13), the ultrasonic generator (14) and the crushing bin (18) are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the comprehensive extraction tank (1);
broken storehouse (18) are including storehouse shell (181), a plurality of through-holes (182) have evenly been seted up to storehouse shell (181) bottom outer wall and bottom, the inside activity of storehouse shell (181) is equipped with main part cover frame (183), main part cover frame (183) inner wall is fixed and is equipped with filter screen (184), main part cover frame (183) are including main body rib (185), main body rib (185) external fixation is equipped with outer lining (186).
2. The apparatus for extracting effective constituents of Chinese medicine according to claim 1, wherein: the top cover (15) comprises a cover plate (151), two operating handles (152) are fixedly arranged at the top of the cover plate (151), and fixing threads are uniformly formed in the outer wall of the cover plate (151).
3. The apparatus for extracting effective constituents of Chinese medicine according to claim 2, wherein: synthesize and draw jar (1) including a jar body (101), jar body (101) bottom is fixed to be equipped with supporting leg (102), jar body (101) lateral wall is fixed to be equipped with perspective window (103), perspective window (103) are made by inorganic glass material, jar body (101) top is equipped with apron (151) junction and places mouth (104), place mouth (104) and apron (151) thread tightening, it is equipped with barometer (105) to place mouth (104) one side, barometer (105) output sets up in jar body (101) inner chamber, it is greater than broken (mixing) shaft (17) external diameter to place mouth (104) internal diameter.
4. The apparatus for extracting effective constituents of Chinese medicine according to claim 1, wherein: the heater (13) and the ultrasonic generator (14) are both in a circular ring shape, the inner diameter of the heater (13) is larger than the outer diameter of the centrifugal transmission disc (11), the comprehensive extraction tank (1) is further provided with an electronic thermometer, and the detection end of the electronic thermometer is arranged in the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank (1).
5. The apparatus for extracting effective constituents of Chinese medicine according to claim 1, wherein: the first transmission motor (12) and the second transmission motor (16) are set to be motors with the same power and the opposite rotation directions, and the filter screen (184) is set to be a 200-mesh screen.
6. The apparatus for extracting effective constituents of Chinese medicine according to claim 1, wherein: the microwave low-temperature vacuum drying machine is characterized in that the control valves (10) are arranged to be electromagnetic valves or manual regulating valves, the microwave low-temperature vacuum drying machine (3) is arranged to be a full-automatic vacuum low-temperature continuous drying machine (CS series), and the air inlet pipe (7) and the water inlet pipe (8) are respectively externally connected with an air suction pump and a water source.
7. The apparatus for extracting effective ingredient of Chinese medicine according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein: the method also comprises an extraction method of equipment for extracting the effective ingredients of the traditional Chinese medicine, and the specific extraction steps are as follows:
s1, crushing materials: cleaning and drying the traditional Chinese medicinal materials to be processed for later use, taking out the top cover (15) and the crushing stirring shaft (17) from the position of the placing opening (104) through the operating handle (152), placing the dried traditional Chinese medicinal materials into the crushing bin (18) through the placing opening (104) to cover the top cover (15), and driving the crushing stirring shaft (17) to rotate by the operation of a second transmission motor (16) to crush the traditional Chinese medicinal materials;
s2, ethanol soaking:
s2.1: after the crushing work in the step S1 is finished, the material pumping pump (5) works to convey the ethanol solution in the ethanol storage tank (2) to the inner cavity of the comprehensive extraction tank (1) through the ethanol replenishing pipe (4), the ethanol inflow amount is observed through the perspective window (103), and the through hole (182) of the crushing bin (18) is ensured to be completely submerged under the liquid level of the ethanol solution;
s2.2: then the first transmission motor (12) works to drive the centrifugal transmission disc (11) to rotate, so that the ethanol solution in the comprehensive extraction tank (1) is driven to generate a centrifugal effect to form a swirling flow, and the crushed materials are soaked through the through hole (182) and the filter screen (184) to extract effective substances of the crushed materials;
s2.3: increasing the rotating speed of a first transmission motor (12) to enable ethanol and extracted effective substances to be layered, then opening control valves (10) corresponding to an ethanol recovery pipe (6) and an air inlet pipe (7), adding air and pressurizing to a comprehensive extraction tank (1), recovering ethanol through the ethanol recovery pipe (6), pressing the recovered ethanol back into an ethanol storage tank (2), and pressing the residual extraction solution containing extracts and a small amount of ethanol into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer (3) by opening the control valve (10) corresponding to a material conveying pipe (9);
s2.4: repeating the step S2.1 to the step S2.3 once;
s3, soaking in water: opening a control valve (10) corresponding to the water inlet pipe (8), adding water which is over the through hole (182) into the comprehensive extraction tank (1), heating and boiling the water by a heater (13) according to the numerical value of an electronic thermometer, pressurizing the comprehensive extraction tank (1) through an air inlet pipe (7) during the heating and boiling, driving a crushing stirring shaft (17) to work and rotate by a second transmission motor (16) to obtain two rounds of extraction liquid, and pressing the water solution into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer (3) through a material conveying pipe (9) by air pressure after the work is finished;
s4: ultrasonic water extraction: supplementing water to the comprehensive extraction tank (1) through a water inlet pipe (8), then generating ultrasonic waves by working of an ultrasonic generator (14), carrying out ultrasonic water extraction on the crushed material residues to obtain three rounds of extracting solutions, and introducing air through an air inlet pipe (7) to press the extracting solutions into a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer (3);
s5, drying: and (3) performing microwave low-temperature vacuum drying on the first round of extracting solution, the second round of extracting solution and the third round of extracting solution inside by using a microwave low-temperature vacuum dryer (3) to obtain the final effective substance.
8. The extraction method of the device for extracting the effective ingredients of the traditional Chinese medicine according to claim 7, which is characterized in that: the rotational speed in step S2.2 is set to 240r/min, and the rotational speed in step S2.3 is set to 360 r/min.
CN202011279336.8A 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine Pending CN112403023A (en)

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CN202011279336.8A CN112403023A (en) 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011279336.8A CN112403023A (en) 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Equipment and method for extracting effective components of traditional Chinese medicine

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CN113018897A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-25 安徽工业大学 Ultrasonic multi-solvent fractional extraction recycling device
CN113683618A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-23 浙江奥托康制药集团股份有限公司 Flumazenil production process and system

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CN210057449U (en) * 2019-04-03 2020-02-14 四川大千药业有限公司 Medicinal material draws jar
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CN113018897A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-25 安徽工业大学 Ultrasonic multi-solvent fractional extraction recycling device
CN113683618A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-11-23 浙江奥托康制药集团股份有限公司 Flumazenil production process and system

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