CN112253841B - 一种管道调节阀 - Google Patents

一种管道调节阀 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112253841B
CN112253841B CN202011490403.0A CN202011490403A CN112253841B CN 112253841 B CN112253841 B CN 112253841B CN 202011490403 A CN202011490403 A CN 202011490403A CN 112253841 B CN112253841 B CN 112253841B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
valve
embedded
driving
oil
top end
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202011490403.0A
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
CN112253841A (zh
Inventor
张兰萍
赵强
王小莉
许城
李智
刘同玲
赵琢萍
叶静
朱小兵
尚建宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Baiyuan Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Baiyuan Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Baiyuan Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Baiyuan Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011490403.0A priority Critical patent/CN112253841B/zh
Publication of CN112253841A publication Critical patent/CN112253841A/zh
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112253841B publication Critical patent/CN112253841B/zh
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K43/00Auxiliary closure means in valves, which in case of repair, e.g. rewashering, of the valve, can take over the function of the normal closure means; Devices for temporary replacement of parts of valves for the same purpose
    • F16K43/001Auxiliary closure means in valves, which in case of repair, e.g. rewashering, of the valve, can take over the function of the normal closure means; Devices for temporary replacement of parts of valves for the same purpose an auxiliary valve being actuated independently of the main valve
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • B01D29/03Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements self-supporting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/02Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G31/00Refining of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by methods not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10GCRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS; PRODUCTION OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON MIXTURES, e.g. BY DESTRUCTIVE HYDROGENATION, OLIGOMERISATION, POLYMERISATION; RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON OILS FROM OIL-SHALE, OIL-SAND, OR GASES; REFINING MIXTURES MAINLY CONSISTING OF HYDROCARBONS; REFORMING OF NAPHTHA; MINERAL WAXES
    • C10G31/00Refining of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by methods not otherwise provided for
    • C10G31/09Refining of hydrocarbon oils in the absence of hydrogen, by methods not otherwise provided for by filtration
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/16Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members
    • F16K1/18Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps
    • F16K1/22Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces with pivoted closure-members with pivoted discs or flaps with axis of rotation crossing the valve member, e.g. butterfly valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • F16K31/14Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid for mounting on, or in combination with, hand-actuated valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • F16K31/18Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid actuated by a float
    • F16K31/20Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid actuated by a float actuating a lift valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/44Mechanical actuating means
    • F16K31/53Mechanical actuating means with toothed gearing
    • F16K31/535Mechanical actuating means with toothed gearing for rotating valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/44Mechanical actuating means
    • F16K31/53Mechanical actuating means with toothed gearing
    • F16K31/54Mechanical actuating means with toothed gearing with pinion and rack
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K49/00Means in or on valves for heating or cooling
    • F16K49/002Electric heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K5/00Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary
    • F16K5/06Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary with plugs having spherical surfaces; Packings therefor
    • F16K5/0647Spindles or actuating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K5/00Plug valves; Taps or cocks comprising only cut-off apparatus having at least one of the sealing faces shaped as a more or less complete surface of a solid of revolution, the opening and closing movement being predominantly rotary
    • F16K5/08Details
    • F16K5/10Means for additional adjustment of the rate of flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L41/00Branching pipes; Joining pipes to walls
    • F16L41/08Joining pipes to walls or pipes, the joined pipe axis being perpendicular to the plane of the wall or to the axis of another pipe
    • F16L41/16Joining pipes to walls or pipes, the joined pipe axis being perpendicular to the plane of the wall or to the axis of another pipe the branch pipe comprising fluid cut-off means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17DPIPE-LINE SYSTEMS; PIPE-LINES
    • F17D1/00Pipe-line systems
    • F17D1/08Pipe-line systems for liquids or viscous products
    • F17D1/16Facilitating the conveyance of liquids or effecting the conveyance of viscous products by modification of their viscosity
    • F17D1/18Facilitating the conveyance of liquids or effecting the conveyance of viscous products by modification of their viscosity by heating

Abstract

本发明涉及石油开采设备技术领域,公开了一种管道调节阀。包括阀座、侧支管以及阀杆,所述侧支管嵌入安装在所述阀座外部两侧,所述阀杆嵌入安装在所述阀座内部顶端,所述驱动盒嵌入安装在所述阀座外部顶端一侧,所述限位拧杆嵌入安装在所述阀座外部顶端另一侧,所述驱动气泵嵌入安装在所述驱动盒内部,所述主动齿板套接安装在所述驱动气泵顶端,所述固定齿环固定套接安装在所述阀杆外部中部,本发明通过驱动盒内部的驱动气泵驱动主动齿板进行运动,由主动齿板与固定齿环之间的啮合,使得阀杆进行自动转动,并根据实际使用需求,通过限位拧杆对主动齿板的限位阻挡,从而实现了对阀杆底端转动角度的控制,对阀座内部石油流量的调节管控。

Description

一种管道调节阀
技术领域
本发明涉及石油开采设备技术领域,具体为一种管道调节阀。
背景技术
油气田是指受单一局部构造单位所控制的同一面积内的油藏、气藏、油气藏的总和。如果在这个局部构造范围内只有油藏,称为油田;只有气藏,称为气田。2016年1月29日,中国石化西北油田称,中国石化西北油田先后在塔里木盆地新区顺托、顺南、顺北区块发现三口高产井,油气双丰收,三个区块可望建成年产超百万吨油气当量的大油气田,让西北油田新区接替战略取得实质性突破,油气田产生油和气,为了将这些资源采集输送到外部,需要输送泵将其输出,在开采原油时,在不同的地质结构中,通常含油岩层中除了原油外,还会有各种气体及大量的水。
然而,现有的石油开采调节阀在使用时存在实现对阀杆底端转动角度的控制,对阀座内部石油流量的调节管控不能临时对石油进行输送的功能,导致阀座在维护检修时的便捷性能较差的问题。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种管道调节阀,以解决上述背景技术中提出的现有的石油开采调节阀在使用时存在实现对阀杆底端转动角度的控制,对阀座内部石油流量的调节管控不能临时对石油进行输送的功能,导致阀座在维护检修时的便捷性能较差的问题。
为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案:一种管道调节阀,包括阀座、侧支管以及阀杆,所述侧支管嵌入安装在所述阀座外部两侧,所述阀杆嵌入安装在所述阀座内部顶端,所述阀杆与所述阀座内部之间通过调节机构固定连接,所述侧支管外部一侧嵌入安装有维护机构,所述侧支管内部一侧嵌入安装有排气机构,所述调节机构用于对所述阀座内部底端流量进行调节,所述维护机构用于对所述阀座维护时临时对石油进行输送,所述排气机构用于进入至所述阀座内部的石油液体中混有的油气进行分离。
进一步的,所述调节机构包括驱动盒、限位拧杆、驱动气泵、主动齿板、固定齿环以及手轮,所述驱动盒嵌入安装在所述阀座外部顶端一侧,所述限位拧杆嵌入安装在所述阀座外部顶端另一侧,所述驱动气泵嵌入安装在所述驱动盒内部,所述主动齿板套接安装在所述驱动气泵顶端,所述固定齿环固定套接安装在所述阀杆外部中部,所述手轮套接安装在所述阀杆外部顶端。
进一步的,所述限位拧杆与所述阀座之间通过螺纹连接,且所述主动齿板顶端开设有卡槽,所述卡槽的内径等于所述限位拧杆的外径。
进一步的,所述维护机构包括U型连管、链条盒、主动阀板、从动阀板、驱动电机以及伸缩套杆,所述U型连管套接安装在两个所述侧支管外部,所述链条盒嵌入安装在所述侧支管外部顶端,所述主动阀板嵌入安装在所述侧支管内部,所述从动阀板嵌入安装在所述U型连管内部一侧,所述驱动电机固定安装在所述主动阀板外部顶端,所述伸缩套杆嵌入安装在所述主动阀板外壁一侧。
进一步的,所述伸缩套杆内部套接安装有活动内杆,所述活动内杆外部顶端与所述伸缩套杆内部套接安装有压缩弹簧,所述活动内杆外部底端套接安装有刮杆,所述活动内杆内部嵌入安装有电加热芯。
进一步的,所述阀座外部一侧嵌入安装有电控板,所述驱动气泵、驱动电机以及电加热芯的电源输入端均与所述电控板的电源输出端电性连接。
进一步的,所述排气机构包括分离管、过滤网、吊桶、排气孔、浮板、密封胶球以及排液口,所述分离管嵌入安装在所述侧支管内部一侧,所述过滤网嵌入安装在所述分离管内部底端,所述吊桶安装在所述分离管内部顶端,所述排气孔开设在所述吊桶外部顶端一侧,所述浮板活动安装在所述分离管内部顶端一侧,所述密封胶球安装在所述浮板外壁一侧,所述排液口开设在所述分离管外部顶端一侧。
进一步的,所述阀杆外部底端安装有密封阀球,且所述阀杆外部中部与所述阀座内部之间嵌入安装有密封胶垫。
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:
本发明通过设置调节机构,通过手轮可以手动对阀杆进行转动,并通过驱动盒内部的驱动气泵驱动主动齿板进行运动,由主动齿板与固定齿环之间的啮合,使得阀杆进行自动转动,并根据实际使用需求,通过限位拧杆对主动齿板的限位阻挡,从而实现了对阀杆底端转动角度的控制,对阀座内部石油流量的调节管控。
通过设置维护机构,当阀座内部发生堵塞故障时,通过驱动电机和链条盒可以依次驱动主动阀板在侧支管内部进行闭合,从动阀板在U型连管内部进行开启,通过U型连管对两个侧支管之间连接对石油进行输送,从而实现了在阀座进行维护检修时,临时对石油进行输送的功能,提高阀座在维护检修时的便捷性能,装置使用灵活可靠。
通过设置排气机构,当石油进入至分离管内部时,通过过滤网对石油中的杂质进行滤除,并通过吊桶可以对石油中含有的气体进行收集,气体过大使得吊桶上浮时,由浮板处的密封胶球可以对排液口进行闭合,侧支管临时闭合,并通过排气孔逐渐将气体排出,吊桶内部水在重力下排出,从而再次将排液口开启,从而实现了对进入阀座内部的石油液体中的油气分离,解决了气体过多,存在安全隐患和阀座内部容易发生故障的问题,提高了阀座使用时的安全性。
附图说明
图1为本发明一实施例中阀座的立体结构示意图。
图2为图1实施例中的阀座主视的平面结构示意图。
图3为图2实施例中的阀座内部的立体结构示意图。
图4为图1实施例中的主动齿板安装的剖视结构示意图。
图5为图4实施例中的主动阀板安装的立体结构示意图。
图6为图1实施例中的伸缩套杆安装的立体结构示意图。
图7为图1实施例中的伸缩套杆内部的剖视结构示意图。
图8为图1实施例中的分离管内部的剖视结构示意图。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
请一并参阅图1-图8,其中,一种管道调节阀,包括阀座1、侧支管2以及阀杆3,侧支管2嵌入安装在阀座1外部两侧,阀杆3嵌入安装在阀座1内部顶端,阀杆3与阀座1内部之间通过调节机构4固定连接,侧支管2外部一侧嵌入安装有维护机构5,侧支管2内部一侧嵌入安装有排气机构6,调节机构4包括驱动盒401、限位拧杆402、驱动气泵403、主动齿板404、固定齿环405以及手轮406,驱动盒401嵌入安装在阀座1外部顶端一侧,限位拧杆402嵌入安装在阀座1外部顶端另一侧,驱动气泵403嵌入安装在驱动盒401内部,主动齿板404套接安装在驱动气泵403顶端,固定齿环405固定套接安装在阀杆3外部中部,手轮406套接安装在阀杆3外部顶端,限位拧杆402与阀座1之间通过螺纹连接,且主动齿板404顶端开设有卡槽,卡槽的内径等于限位拧杆402的外径,通过手轮406可以手动对阀杆3进行转动,并通过驱动盒401内部的驱动气泵403驱动主动齿板404进行运动,由主动齿板404与固定齿环405之间的啮合,使得阀杆3进行自动转动,并根据实际使用需求,通过限位拧杆402对主动齿板404的限位阻挡,从而实现了对阀杆3底端密封阀球8转动角度的控制,对阀座1内部石油流量的调节管控,为了保证阀座1底端密封阀球8处的密封性能,避免石油的渗入泄露,阀杆3外部底端安装有密封阀球8,且阀杆3外部中部与阀座1内部之间嵌入安装有密封胶垫。
维护机构5包括U型连管501、链条盒502、主动阀板503、从动阀板504、驱动电机505以及伸缩套杆506,U型连管501套接安装在两个侧支管2外部,链条盒502嵌入安装在侧支管2外部顶端,主动阀板503嵌入安装在侧支管2内部,从动阀板504嵌入安装在U型连管501内部一侧,驱动电机505固定安装在主动阀板503外部顶端,伸缩套杆506嵌入安装在主动阀板503外壁一侧,当阀座1内部发生堵塞故障时,通过驱动电机505和链条盒502可以依次驱动主动阀板503在侧支管2内部进行闭合,从动阀板504在U型连管501内部进行开启,通过U型连管501对两个侧支管2之间连接对石油进行输送,从而实现了在阀座1进行维护检修时,临时对石油进行输送的功能,提高阀座1在维护检修时的便捷性能,装置使用灵活可靠。
伸缩套杆506内部套接安装有活动内杆10,活动内杆10外部顶端与伸缩套杆506内部套接安装有压缩弹簧9,活动内杆10外部底端套接安装有刮杆11,活动内杆10内部嵌入安装有电加热芯12,当主动阀板503在开启时,伸缩套杆506和活动内杆10进行伸出,并通过压缩弹簧9对活动内杆10进行活动支撑,刮杆11可以密封阀球8内部进行搅动,电加热芯12对阀座1内部进行加热,从而解决了阀座1内部石油冷却容易附着堵塞的问题,改善了阀座1内部的防堵性能。
阀座1外部一侧嵌入安装有电控板7,驱动气泵403、驱动电机505以及电加热芯12的电源输入端均与电控板7的电源输出端电性连接,通过电控板7可以对阀座1内部的电气元件进行控制。
排气机构6包括分离管601、过滤网602、吊桶603、排气孔604、浮板605、密封胶球606以及排液口607,分离管601嵌入安装在侧支管2内部一侧,过滤网602嵌入安装在分离管601内部底端,吊桶603安装在分离管601内部顶端,排气孔604开设在吊桶603外部顶端一侧,浮板605活动安装在分离管601内部顶端一侧,密封胶球606安装在浮板605外壁一侧,排液口607开设在分离管601外部顶端一侧,当石油进入至分离管601内部时,通过过滤网602对石油中的杂质进行滤除,并通过吊桶603可以对石油中含有的气体进行收集,气体过大使得吊桶603上浮时,由浮板605处的密封胶球606可以对排液口607进行闭合,侧支管2临时闭合,并通过排气孔604逐渐将气体排出,吊桶603内部水在重力下排出,从而再次将排液口607开启,从而实现了对进入阀座1内部的石油液体中的油气分离,解决了气体过多、存在安全隐患和阀座1内部容易发生故障的问题,提高了阀座1使用时的安全性。
综上,本发明提供的一种管道调节阀,在工作时,首先,当石油进入至分离管601内部时,通过过滤网602对石油中的杂质进行滤除,并通过吊桶603可以对石油中含有的气体进行收集,气体过大使得吊桶603上浮时,由浮板605处的密封胶球606可以对排液口607进行闭合,侧支管2临时闭合,并通过排气孔604逐渐将气体排出,吊桶603内部水在重力下排出,从而再次将排液口607开启,从而实现了对进入阀座1内部的石油液体中的油气分离。
接着,通过手轮406可以手动对阀杆3进行转动,并通过驱动盒401内部的驱动气泵403驱动主动齿板404进行运动,由主动齿板404与固定齿环405之间的啮合,使得阀杆3进行自动转动,并根据实际使用需求,通过限位拧杆402对主动齿板404的限位阻挡,从而实现了对阀杆3底端密封阀球8转动角度的控制,对阀座1内部石油流量的调节管控,当主动阀板503在开启时,伸缩套杆506和活动内杆10进行伸出,并通过压缩弹簧9对活动内杆10进行活动支撑,刮杆11可以密封阀球8内部进行搅动,电加热芯12对阀座1内部进行加热。
最后,当阀座1内部发生堵塞故障时,通过驱动电机505和链条盒502可以依次驱动主动阀板503在侧支管2内部进行闭合,从动阀板504在U型连管501内部进行开启,通过U型连管501对两个侧支管2之间连接对石油进行输送,从而实现了在阀座1进行维护检修时,临时对石油进行输送的功能。
需要说明的是,在本文中,诸如第一和第二等之类的关系术语仅仅用来将一个实体或者操作与另一个实体或操作区分开来,而不一定要求或者暗示这些实体或操作之间存在任何这种实际的关系或者顺序。而且,术语“包括”、“包含”或者其任何其他变体意在涵盖非排他性的包含,从而使得包括一系列要素的过程、方法、物品或者设备不仅包括那些要素,而且还包括没有明确列出的其他要素,或者是还包括为这种过程、方法、物品或者设备所固有的要素。
尽管已经示出和描述了本发明的实施例,对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以理解在不脱离本发明的原理和精神的情况下可以对这些实施例进行多种变化、修改、替换和变型,本发明的范围由所附权利要求及其等同物限定。

Claims (4)

1.一种管道调节阀,包括阀座(1)、侧支管(2)以及阀杆(3),所述侧支管(2)嵌入安装在所述阀座(1)外部两侧,所述阀杆(3)嵌入安装在所述阀座(1)内部顶端;
其特征在于,所述阀杆(3)与所述阀座(1)内部之间通过调节机构(4)固定连接,所述侧支管(2)外部一侧嵌入安装有维护机构(5),所述侧支管(2)内部一侧嵌入安装有排气机构(6),所述调节机构(4)用于对所述阀座(1)内部底端流量进行调节,所述维护机构(5)用于对所述阀座(1)维护时临时对石油进行输送,所述排气机构(6)用于进入至所述阀座(1)内部的石油液体中混有的油气进行分离;
所述调节机构(4)包括驱动盒(401)、限位拧杆(402)、驱动气泵(403)、主动齿板(404)、固定齿环(405)以及手轮(406),所述驱动盒(401)嵌入安装在所述阀座(1)外部顶端一侧,所述限位拧杆(402)嵌入安装在所述阀座(1)外部顶端另一侧,所述驱动气泵(403)嵌入安装在所述驱动盒(401)内部,所述主动齿板(404)套接安装在所述驱动气泵(403)顶端,所述固定齿环(405)固定套接安装在所述阀杆(3)外部中部,所述手轮(406)套接安装在所述阀杆(3)外部顶端;
所述维护机构(5)包括U型连管(501)、链条盒(502)、主动阀板(503)、从动阀板(504)、驱动电机(505)以及伸缩套杆(506),所述U型连管(501)套接安装在两个所述侧支管(2)外部,所述链条盒(502)嵌入安装在所述侧支管(2)外部顶端,所述主动阀板(503)嵌入安装在所述侧支管(2)内部,所述从动阀板(504)嵌入安装在所述U型连管(501)内部一侧,所述驱动电机(505)固定安装在所述主动阀板(503)外部顶端,所述伸缩套杆(506)嵌入安装在所述主动阀板(503)外壁一侧,所述伸缩套杆(506)内部套接安装有活动内杆(10),所述活动内杆(10)外部顶端与所述伸缩套杆(506)内部套接安装有压缩弹簧(9),所述活动内杆(10)外部底端套接安装有刮杆(11),所述活动内杆(10)内部嵌入安装有电加热芯(12);
所述排气机构(6)包括分离管(601)、过滤网(602)、吊桶(603)、排气孔(604)、浮板(605)、密封胶球(606)以及排液口(607),所述分离管(601)嵌入安装在所述侧支管(2)内部一侧,所述过滤网(602)嵌入安装在所述分离管(601)内部底端,所述吊桶(603)安装在所述分离管(601)内部顶端,所述排气孔(604)开设在所述吊桶(603)外部顶端一侧,所述浮板(605)活动安装在所述分离管(601)内部顶端一侧,所述密封胶球(606)安装在所述浮板(605)外壁一侧,所述排液口(607)开设在所述分离管(601)外部顶端一侧;
在工作时,首先,当石油进入至分离管(601)内部时,由过滤网(602)对石油中的杂质进行滤除,并经吊桶(603)可以对石油中含有的气体进行收集,气体过大使得吊桶(603)上浮时,由浮板(605)处的密封胶球(606)可以对排液口(607)进行闭合,侧支管(2)临时闭合,并通过排气孔(604)逐渐将气体排出,吊桶(603)内部油在重力下排出,再次将排液口(607)开启,从而实现了对进入阀座(1)内部的石油液体中的油气分离。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种管道调节阀,其特征在于,所述限位拧杆(402)与所述阀座(1)之间通过螺纹连接,且所述主动齿板(404)顶端开设有卡槽,所述卡槽的内径等于所述限位拧杆(402)的外径。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种管道调节阀,其特征在于,所述阀座(1)外部一侧嵌入安装有电控板(7),所述驱动气泵(403)、驱动电机(505)以及电加热芯(12)的电源输入端均与所述电控板(7)的电源输出端电性连接。
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种管道调节阀,其特征在于,所述阀杆(3)外部底端安装有密封阀球(8),且所述阀杆(3)外部中部与所述阀座(1)内部之间嵌入安装有密封胶垫。
CN202011490403.0A 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 一种管道调节阀 Active CN112253841B (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011490403.0A CN112253841B (zh) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 一种管道调节阀

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011490403.0A CN112253841B (zh) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 一种管道调节阀

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112253841A CN112253841A (zh) 2021-01-22
CN112253841B true CN112253841B (zh) 2021-04-06

Family

ID=74225400

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011490403.0A Active CN112253841B (zh) 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 一种管道调节阀

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112253841B (zh)

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2406142Y (zh) * 2000-03-09 2000-11-15 杜战奇 倒置桶式疏水调节阀
CN1242826C (zh) * 2002-05-15 2006-02-22 中国石油化工股份有限公司 液面自控一体化气液分离器
CN203189845U (zh) * 2013-06-19 2013-09-11 河南晋开化工投资控股集团有限责任公司 一种大管径阀门的气动执行机构
ITMI20140268U1 (it) * 2014-09-01 2016-03-01 Pettinaroli Flii Spa Valvola di by-pass e gruppo idraulico comprendente tale valvola
CN204459571U (zh) * 2015-01-27 2015-07-08 浙江鸿浩科技有限公司 安全旁通管路结构
CN105986871B (zh) * 2015-02-11 2019-08-09 天纳克(苏州)排放系统有限公司 排气清理系统、联动阀的应用以及维修方法
CN204939402U (zh) * 2015-07-24 2016-01-06 江苏利文机械有限公司 油气分离器
CN110410520B (zh) * 2019-08-16 2020-05-01 永康微唯智能科技有限公司 一种防堵塞的阀门装置

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN112253841A (zh) 2021-01-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20040238180A1 (en) Large particulate removal system
CN112253841B (zh) 一种管道调节阀
CN104975818A (zh) 起下油管的设备及工艺方法
US1872105A (en) Pressure control head
CN108868729A (zh) 一种压裂完井工艺方法
CN109098677A (zh) 一种海洋石油填充式钻井安全阀
CN106267905B (zh) 集成化智能型油田污水罐收油控制装置和方法
CN112283484A (zh) 一种石油开采防堵调节阀
CN208935487U (zh) 一种防逆流过滤高压球阀
US4769156A (en) Method and means to pump a well
CN108980424A (zh) 一种海洋石油安全泄压方法
CN109879465A (zh) 一种疏松砂岩热储地热开采井井下过滤-沉淀装置
CN109339193A (zh) 内侧安装有截流装置的分流井及控制系统
CN205100928U (zh) 一种探放水钻孔密封装置
CN212249937U (zh) 一种螺杆泵井下油管防喷开关
CN205045812U (zh) 一种机械设备放液装置及移动破碎机
CN212616315U (zh) 一种油田注水用井口止回阀
CN208426748U (zh) 一种便于拆洗型油田注水井过滤器
CN207332859U (zh) 致密油开采分离控制系统
CN211987458U (zh) 一种带有过滤组件的污水处理阀门
CN209278228U (zh) 一种液压装置换油机构
CN216997913U (zh) 一种含硫天然气开采污水处理装置
CN112554314B (zh) 一种截流井用自动回转装置
CN214738599U (zh) 一种雨污分流器
CN212680274U (zh) 一种可拆卸式过滤管滤头

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant